54 found
Order:
  1.  29
    Solidarity and Community Engagement in Global Health Research.Bridget Pratt, Phaik Yeong Cheah & Vicki Marsh - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):43-56.
    Community engagement (CE) is gaining prominence in global health research. A number of ethical goals–spanning the instrumental, intrinsic, and transformative–have been ascribed to CE in global health research. This paper draws attention to an additional transformative value that CE is not typically linked to but that seems very relevant: solidarity. Both are concerned with building relationships and connecting parties that are distant from one another. This paper first argues that furthering solidarity should be recognized as another ethical goal for CE (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  2.  14
    Where is knowledge from the global South? An account of epistemic justice for a global bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Jantina de Vries - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (5):325-334.
    The silencing of the epistemologies, theories, principles, values, concepts and experiences of the global South constitutes a particularly egregious epistemic injustice in bioethics. Our shared responsibility to rectify that injustice should be at the top of the ethics agenda. That it is not, or only is in part, is deeply problematic and endangers the credibility of the entire field. As a first step towards reorienting the field, this paper offers a comprehensive account of epistemic justice for global health ethics. We (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  3.  30
    Community engagement in global health research that advances health equity.Bridget Pratt & Jantina de Vries - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (7):454-463.
    Community engagement is gaining prominence in global health research. So far, a philosophical rationale for why researchers should perform community engagement during such research has not been provided by ethics scholars. Its absence means that conducting community engagement is still often viewed as no more than a ‘good idea’ or ‘good practice’ rather than ethically required. In this article, we argue that shared health governance can establish grounds for requiring the engagement of low‐ and middle‐income country (LMIC) community members in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   12 citations  
  4.  56
    A Framework to Link International Clinical Research to the Promotion of Justice in Global Health.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):387-396.
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. Theories of justice from political philosophy establish obligations for parties from high-income countries owed to parties from low and middle-income countries. We have developed a new framework that is based on Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm to strengthen the link between international clinical research and justice in global health. The ‘research for health justice’ framework provides direction on three aspects of international clinical research: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  5.  31
    Governance of Transnational Global Health Research Consortia and Health Equity.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (10):29-45.
    Global health research partnerships are increasingly taking the form of consortia of institutions from high-income countries and low- and middle-income countries that undertake programs of research. These partnerships differ from collaborations that carry out single projects in the multiplicity of their goals, scope of their activities, and nature of their management. Although such consortia typically aim to reduce health disparities between and within countries, what is required for them to do so has not been clearly defined. This article takes a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  6.  33
    Too much safety? Safeguards and equal access in the context of voluntary assisted dying legislation.Rosalind McDougall & Bridget Pratt - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundIn June 2019, the Australian state of Victoria joined the growing number of jurisdictions around the world to have legalised some form of voluntary assisted dying. A discourse of safety was prominent during the implementation of the Victorian legislation.Main textIn this paper, we analyse the ethical relationship between legislative “safeguards” and equal access. Drawing primarily on Ruger’s model of equal access to health care services, we analyse the Victorian approach to voluntary assisted dying in terms of four dimensions: horizontal equity, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  7.  7
    A Framework to Link International Clinical Research to the Promotion of Justice in Global Health.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2012 - Bioethics 28 (8):387-396.
    How international research might contribute to justice in global health has not been substantively addressed by bioethics. Theories of justice from political philosophy establish obligations for parties from high‐income countries owed to parties from low and middle‐income countries. We have developed a new framework that is based on Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm to strengthen the link between international clinical research and justice in global health. The ‘research for health justice’ framework provides direction on three aspects of international clinical research: (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   17 citations  
  8.  44
    Evaluating the Capacity of Theories of Justice to Serve as a Justice Framework for International Clinical Research.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion & Bebe Loff - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (11):30-41.
    This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories—John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm—are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   14 citations  
  9.  26
    Genomics governance: advancing justice, fairness and equity through the lens of the African communitarian ethic of Ubuntu.Nchangwi Syntia Munung, Jantina de Vries & Bridget Pratt - 2021 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 24 (3):377-388.
    There is growing interest for a communitarian approach to the governance of genomics, and for such governance to be grounded in principles of justice, equity and solidarity. However, there is a near absence of conceptual studies on how communitarian-based principles, or values, may inform, support or guide the governance of genomics research. Given that solidarity is a key principle in Ubuntu, an African communitarian ethic and theory of justice, there is emerging interest about the extent to which Ubuntu could offer (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  76
    Exploitation and community engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards successfully assume a role minimising exploitation in international research?Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Bebe Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah - 2013 - Developing World Bioethics 15 (1):18-26.
    It has been suggested that community advisory boards can play a role in minimising exploitation in international research. To get a better idea of what this requires and whether it might be achievable, the paper first describes core elements that we suggest must be in place for a CAB to reduce the potential for exploitation. The paper then examines a CAB established by the Shoklo Malaria Research Unit under conditions common in resource-poor settings – namely, where individuals join with a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  11.  38
    Fair Resource Allocation to Health Research: Priority Topics for Bioethics Scholarship.Adnan A. Hyder & Bridget Pratt - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):454-466.
    This article draws attention to the limited amount of scholarship on what constitutes fairness and equity in resource allocation to health research by individual funders. It identifies three key decisions of ethical significance about resource allocation that research funders make regularly and calls for prioritizing scholarship on those topics – namely, how health resources should be fairly apportioned amongst public health and health care delivery versus health research, how health research resources should be fairly allocated between health problems experienced domestically (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  12.  15
    Expanding health justice to consider the environment: how can bioethics avoid reinforcing epistemic injustice?Bridget Pratt - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (9):642-648.
    We are in the midst of a global crisis of climate change and environmental degradation to which the healthcare sector directly contributes. Yet conceptions of health justice have little to say about the environment. They purport societies should ensure adequate health for their populations but fail to require doing so in ways that avoid environmental harm or injustice. We need to expand our understanding of health justice to consider the environment and do so without reinforcing the epistemic injustice inherent in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  13.  20
    Global Justice and Health Systems Research in Low‐ and Middle‐Income Countries.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2015 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 43 (1):143-161.
    Scholarship focusing on how international research can contribute to justice in global health has primarily explored requirements for the conduct of clinical trials. Yet health systems research in low- and middle-income countries has increasingly been identified as vital to the reduction of health disparities between and within countries. This paper expands an existing ethical framework based on the health capability paradigm – research for health justice – to externally-funded health systems research in LMICs. It argues that a specific form of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  14.  31
    Designing research funding schemes to promote global health equity: An exploration of current practice in health systems research.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2018 - Developing World Bioethics 18 (2):76-90.
    International research is an essential means of reducing health disparities between and within countries and should do so as a matter of global justice. Research funders from high-income countries have an obligation of justice to support health research in low and middle-income countries that furthers such objectives. This paper investigates how their current funding schemes are designed to incentivise health systems research in LMICs that promotes health equity. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were performed with 16 grants officers working for 11 funders (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  15. Exploitation and community engagement: Can Community Advisory Boards successfully assume a role minimising exploitation in international research?Bridget Pratt, Khin Maung Lwin, Deborah Zion, Francois Nosten, Beatrice Loff & Phaik Yeong Cheah - unknown
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  16.  14
    Engagement as co‐constructing knowledge: A moral necessity in public health research.Bridget Pratt - 2019 - Bioethics 33 (7):805-813.
    Undertaking engagement in public health research is ethically essential. There is a growing emphasis on practicing engagement as the co‐construction of knowledge, which goes beyond other common forms of engagement in health research practice: consulting and informing. Taking such an approach means researchers jointly construct knowledge with research users and beneficiaries; all parties design and conduct research together and share decision‐making power. This article makes the normative argument that such engagement is necessary to achieve the foundational moral aims of public (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  17.  15
    Applying a Global Justice Lens to Health Systems Research Ethics: An Initial Exploration.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2015 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 25 (1):35-66.
    Recent scholarship has considered what, if anything, rich people owe to poor people to achieve justice in global health and the implications of this for international research. Yet this work has primarily focused on international clinical research. Health systems research is increasingly being performed in low and middle income countries and is essential to reducing global health disparities. This paper provides an initial description of the ethical issues related to priority setting, capacity-building, and the provision of post-study benefits that arise (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  18.  27
    Epistemic justice in bioethics: interculturality and the possibility of reparations.Jantina de Vries & Bridget Pratt - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (5):347-347.
    The topic of epistemic injustice in global health ethics is complex, important and vast. While presenting as nuanced and complete a picture of the challenge as we possibly could, we were acutely aware of our positionality and how it gave us a certain viewpoint that would need to be expanded by others with different positions and experiences. We were, therefore, delighted to receive the collected commentaries by Atuire,1 Abimbola,2 Frimpong-Mansoh,3 Nyamnjoh and Ewuoso,4 Tangwa,5 Ambrogi et al.6 We would like to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19.  12
    Equitable data sharing in epidemics and pandemics.Susan Bull & Bridget Pratt - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundRapid data sharing can maximize the utility of data. In epidemics and pandemics like Zika, Ebola, and COVID-19, the case for such practices seems especially urgent and warranted. Yet rapidly sharing data widely has previously generated significant concerns related to equity. The continued lack of understanding and guidance on equitable data sharing raises the following questions: Should data sharing in epidemics and pandemics primarily advance utility, or should it advance equity as well? If so, what norms comprise equitable data sharing (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  35
    Exploring the ethics of global health research priority-setting.Bridget Pratt, Mark Sheehan, Nicola Barsdorf & Adnan A. Hyder - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):94.
    Thus far, little work in bioethics has specifically focused on global health research priority-setting. Yet features of global health research priority-setting raise ethical considerations and concerns related to health justice. For example, such processes are often exclusively disease-driven, meaning they rely heavily on burden of disease considerations. They, therefore, tend to undervalue non-biomedical research topics, which have been identified as essential to helping reduce health disparities. In recognition of these ethical concerns and the limited scholarship and dialogue addressing them, we (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  21.  8
    Constructing citizen engagement in health research priority‐setting to attend to dynamics of power and difference.Bridget Pratt - 2019 - Developing World Bioethics 19 (1):45-60.
    Engaging citizens is vital to achieving people‐centred health research. This paper aims to put attention to dynamics of power and dynamics of difference back at the centre of citizen engagement in health research priority‐setting. Without attention to power and difference, engagement can lead to presence without voice and voice without influence, particularly for disadvantaged and marginalised groups. By analysing six key bodies of literature, the paper first identifies the different components of engagement—who initiates, for what purpose, who participates, and how (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  22.  14
    Ethical Diversity and Practical Uncertainty: A Qualitative Interview Study of Clinicians’ Experiences in the Implementation Period Prior to Voluntary Assisted Dying Becoming Available in their Hospital in Victoria, Australia.Rosalind McDougall, Bridget Pratt & Marcus Sellars - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (1):71-88.
    In the Australian state of Victoria, legislation allowing voluntary assisted dying (VAD) passed through parliament in November 2017. There was then an eighteen-month period before the start date for patient access to VAD, referred to as the “implementation period.” The implementation period was intended to allow time for the relevant government department and affected organizations to develop processes before the Act came into effect in June 2019. This qualitative interview study investigates the perspectives of a multidisciplinary sample of twelve clinicians (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  23.  75
    Closing the translation gap for justice requirements in international research.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin Maung Lwin, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (9):552-558.
    Bioethicists have long debated the content of sponsors and researchers' obligations of justice in international clinical research. However, there has been little empirical investigation as to whether and how obligations of responsiveness, ancillary care, post-trial benefits and research capacity strengthening are upheld in low- and middle-income country settings. In this paper, the authors argue that research ethics guidelines need to be more informed by international research practice. Practical guidance on how to fulfil these obligations is needed if research groups and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  24.  10
    Sustainable global health practice: An ethical imperative?Bridget Pratt - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (8):874-882.
    We are in the midst of a crisis of climate change and environmental degradation that will only get worse, unless significant changes are rapidly made. Globally, the healthcare sector causes a large share of our total environmental footprint: 4.4% of greenhouse gases. Sustainable healthcare has emerged as a way for healthcare sectors in high‐income countries to help mitigate climate change by reducing their emissions. Whether global health should be sustainable and what ethical grounds might exist to support such a claim (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  25.  8
    What Should Engagement in Health Research Look Like? Perspectives from People with Lived Experience, Members of the Public, and Engagement Managers.Bridget Pratt - 2022 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 31 (2):263-274.
    Engagement in health research is increasingly practised worldwide. Yet many questions remain under debate in the ethics field about its contribution to health research and these debates have largely not been informed by those who have been engaged in health research. This paper addresses the following key questions: what should the ethical goals of engagement in health research be and how should it be performed? Qualitative data were generated by interviewing 22 people with lived experience, members of the public, and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  26.  8
    Anticipated impacts of voluntary assisted dying legislation on nursing practice.Jessica T. Snir, Danielle N. Ko, Bridget Pratt & Rosalind McDougall - 2022 - Nursing Ethics 29 (6):1386-1400.
    Background: The Voluntary Assisted Dying Act 2017 passed into law in Victoria, Australia, on the 29 November 2017. Internationally, nurses have been shown to be intimately involved in patient care throughout the voluntary assisted dying process. However, there is a paucity of research exploring Australian nurses’ perspectives on voluntary assisted dying and, in particular, how Victorian nurses anticipate the implementation of this ethically controversial legislation will impact their professional lives. Objectives: To explore Victorian nurses’ expectations of the ethical and practical (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  14
    Research Capacity Strengthening in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Ethical Explorations.Adnan A. Hyder, Abbas Rattani & Bridget Pratt - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (1):129-137.
    With developed country governments and high resource institutions engaging in research in low- and middle-income countries, we argue that these entities have a moral obligation to help build and strengthen research infrastructure and capacity so local scientists and institutions can adequately conduct studies to understand and resolve the health burdens in low and middle income countries. We explore the moral justifications and motivations behind engaging in research capacity strengthening in the health sector in LMIC at multiple levels. In highlighting these (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  28.  31
    Justice in international clinical research.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2010 - Developing World Bioethics 11 (2):75-81.
    Debates about justice in international clinical research problematically conflate two quite different forms of obligation. International research ethics guidelines were intended to describe how to conduct biomedical research in a just manner at the micro or clinical level (within the researcher-participant interaction) but have come to include requirements that are clearly intended to promote justice at the global level. Ethicists have also made a variety of claims regarding what international research should contribute to global justice. This paper argues that the (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  29.  54
    Linking international clinical research with stateless populations to justice in global health.Bridget Pratt, Deborah Zion, Khin M. Lwin, Phaik Y. Cheah, Francois Nosten & Bebe Loff - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):49.
    In response to calls to expand the scope of research ethics to address justice in global health, recent scholarship has sought to clarify how external research actors from high-income countries might discharge their obligation to reduce health disparities between and within countries. An ethical framework—‘research for health justice’—was derived from a theory of justice (the health capability paradigm) and specifies how international clinical research might contribute to improved health and research capacity in host communities. This paper examines whether and how (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  30.  5
    Achieving inclusive research priority-setting: what do people with lived experience and the public think is essential?Bridget Pratt - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundEngagement of people with lived experience and members of the public is an ethically and scientifically essential component of health research. Authentic engagement means they are involved as full partners in research projects. Yet engagement as partnership is uncommon in practice, especially during priority-setting for research projects. What is needed for agenda-setting to be shared by researchers and people with lived experience and/or members of the public (or organisations representing them)? At present, little ethical guidance exists on this matter, particularly (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  31.  25
    Health incentive research and social justice: does the risk of long term harms to systematically disadvantaged groups bear consideration?Verina Wild & Bridget Pratt - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (3):150-156.
    The ethics of health incentive research—a form of public health research—are not well developed, and concerns of justice have been least examined. In this paper, we explore what potential long term harms in relation to justice may occur as a result of such research and whether they should be considered as part of its ethical evaluation. ‘Long term harms’ are defined as harms that contribute to existing systematic patterns of disadvantage for groups. Their effects are experienced on a long term (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  32.  44
    Linking international research to global health equity: The limited contribution of bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2011 - Bioethics 27 (4):208-214.
    Health research has been identified as a vehicle for advancing global justice in health. However, in bioethics, issues of global justice are mainly discussed within an ongoing debate on the conditions under which international clinical research is permissible. As a result, current ethical guidance predominantly links one type of international research (biomedical) to advancing one aspect of health equity (access to new treatments). International guidelines largely fail to connect international research to promoting broader aspects of health equity – namely, healthier (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  33. Justice in international clinical research.Bridget Pratt & Beatrice Loff - unknown
  34.  11
    Justice and public participation in universal health coverage: when is tiered coverage unfair and who should decide?Bridget Pratt - 2019 - Asian Bioethics Review 11 (1):5-19.
    Universal health coverage is often implemented within countries through several national insurance schemes that collectively cover their populations. Yet the extent of services and benefits available can vary substantially between different schemes. This paper argues that these variations in coverage comprise tiering and then reviews different accounts of health and social justice that consider whether and when a tiered health system is fair. Using these accounts, it shows that the fairness of tiering can be determined by assessing whether differences in (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  27
    Reinterpreting Responsiveness for Health Systems Research in Low and Middle‐Income Countries.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2014 - Bioethics 29 (6):379-388.
    The ethical concept of responsiveness has largely been interpreted in the context of international clinical research. In light of the increasing conduct of externally funded health systems research in low- and middle-income countries, this article examines how responsiveness might be understood for such research and how it can be applied. It contends that four features set HSR in LMICs apart from international clinical research: a focus on systems; being context-driven; being policy-driven; and being closely linked to development objectives. These features (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  36.  18
    Priority Setting Is More Than Resource Allocation: Reflecting on the Content of Funders’ Duties and Their Implications for Current Practice.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):27-30.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  37.  23
    How Should Urban Climate Change Planning Advance Social Justice?Bridget Pratt - 2023 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 33 (1):55-89.
    ABSTRACT:Cities are struggling to balance the moral imperatives of sustainable development, with equity and social justice often ignored and negatively impacted by climate change mitigation and adaptation. Yet, the nature of these impacts on social justice has not been comprehensively investigated and little ethical guidance exists on how to better promote social justice in urban climate change planning practice. This article addresses the normative question: How should urban climate change planning advance social justice? It gathers empirical literature documenting the inclusivity (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38.  36
    If Research Is a Pillar of Health System Development, Why Only Focus on Clinical Trials?Bridget Pratt, Joseph Ali & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (6):14-17.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  39.  13
    A multidimensional account of social justice for global health research.Bridget Pratt - 2023 - Bioethics 37 (7):624-636.
    A transformation of global health research is urgently needed if it is to eliminate long‐standing structural inequities within the field and help reduce global health disparities. Ethics has a key role to play in fostering such a transformation: it can help identify what the transformation should entail. Yet, ethics scholarship linking global health research to greater equity and social justice has limited authority and capacity to do so for two related reasons: it largely fails to apply theories and concepts of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Linking international research to global health equity: the limited contribution of bioethics.Bridget Pratt & Beatrice Loff - unknown
  41.  2
    How should communities be meaningfully engaged (if at all) when setting priorities for biomedical research? Perspectives from the biomedical research community.Josephine Borthwick, Natalia Evertsz & Bridget Pratt - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-15.
    Background There is now rising consensus that community engagement is ethically and scientifically essential for all types of health research. Yet debate continues about the moral aims, methods and appropriate timing in the research cycle for community engagement to occur, and whether the answer should vary between different types of health research. Co-design and collaborative partnership approaches that involve engagement during priority-setting, for example, are common in many forms of applied health research but are not regular practice in biomedical research. (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42.  15
    Towards equitable genomics governance in Africa: Guiding principles from theories of global health governance and the African moral theory of Ubuntu.Nchangwi Syntia Munung, Jantina de Vries & Bridget Pratt - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (4):411-422.
    The post‐genomics era promises a revolution characterized by precision medicine and the integration of genomics into almost every area of biomedical research. At the same time, there are concerns that if care is not taken, the genomics revolution may widen global inequities in science and health. In Africa, these concerns are primarily linked to the underrepresentation of African populations in genomics research, limited genomics research capacity in Africa and associated macro‐level justice issues such as benefit sharing, inequitable international research collaborations, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  14
    Towards equitable genomics governance in Africa: Guiding principles from theories of global health governance and the African moral theory of Ubuntu.Nchangwi Syntia Munung, Jantina Vries & Bridget Pratt - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (4):411-422.
    Bioethics, Volume 36, Issue 4, Page 411-422, May 2022.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44.  19
    A comparison of justice frameworks for international research: Table 1.Bridget Pratt & Bebe Loff - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (7):539-544.
  45.  11
    Connecting Health Systems Research Ethics to a Broader Health Equity Agenda.Bridget Pratt - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (2):1-3.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46.  3
    Community organisation-researcher partnerships: what concerns arise for community organisations and how can they be mitigated?Bridget Pratt - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (10):693-699.
    Universities and research funders’ growing emphasis on community partnerships, engagement and outreach has seen a rise in collaborations between university researchers and staff of community organisations on research projects. What ethical issues and concerns are experienced as part of these collaborations has largely not been described, particularly from the perspective of COs. As part of a recent, broader qualitative study, several concerns arising during health research collaborations between COs and university researchers were captured during thematic analysis. The concerns were described (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47.  22
    Developing a toolkit for engagement practice: sharing power with communities in priority-setting for global health research projects.Bridget Pratt - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundCommunities’ engagement in priority-setting is a key means for setting research topics and questions of relevance and benefit to them. However, without attention to dynamics of power and diversity, their engagement can be tokenistic. So far, there remains limited ethical guidance on how to share power with communities, particularly those considered disadvantaged and marginalised, in global health research priority-setting. This paper generates a comprehensive, empirically-based “ethical toolkit” to provide such guidance, further strengthening a previously proposed checklist version of the toolkit. (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  48.  27
    Health Systems Research Consortia and the Promotion of Health Equity in Low and Middle‐Income Countries.Bridget Pratt, Katharine A. Allen & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - Developing World Bioethics 16 (3):148-157.
    Health systems research is widely identified as an indispensable means to achieve the goal of health equity between and within countries. Numerous health systems research consortia comprised of institutions from high-income countries and low and middle-income countries are currently undertaking programs of research in LMICs. These partnerships differ from collaborations that carry out single projects in the multiplicity of their goals, scope of their activities, and nature of their management. Recent conceptual work has explored what features might be necessary for (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  15
    Linking the Governance of Research Consortia to Global Health Justice: A Case Study of Future Health Systems.Bridget Pratt & Adnan A. Hyder - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (4):664-681.
    Global health research partnerships are increasingly taking the form of consortia. Recent scholarship has proposed what features of governance may be necessary for these consortia to advance justice in global health. That guidance purports three elements of global health research consortia are essential — their research priorities, research capacity development strategies, research translation strategies — and should be structured to promote the health of the worst-off globally. This paper adopted a reflective equilibrium approach, testing the proposed ethical guidance against the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  50.  36
    Promoting equity through health systems research in low- and middle-income countries: Practices of researchers.Bridget Pratt, Katharine A. Allen & Adnan A. Hyder - 2016 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 7 (3):199-208.
1 — 50 / 54