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Richard S. Briggs [58]George E. Briggs [22]Rachael Briggs [19]Richard Briggs [14]
Asa Briggs [14]Jean L. Briggs [11]Charles F. Briggs [11]Ward Briggs [10]

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See also
Profile: Richard Briggs (Wayne State University)
Profile: Rachael Briggs (Australian National University, Stanford University)
Profile: Jan Briggs
Profile: Jessa Briggs
Profile: Robert Briggs (University of Leeds)
Profile: Roman Briggs (University of Arkansas, Fayetteville)
Profile: Wilkie Briggs (Trinity College, Dublin)
Profile: Adam Charles Briggs (Griffith University)
Profile: Arthur Briggs (University of Manchester)
Profile: David Briggs
  1. Science Fiction Double Feature: Trans Liberation on Twin Earth.B. R. George & R. A. Briggs - manuscript
    What is it to be a woman? What is it to be a man? We start by laying out desiderata for an analysis of 'woman' and 'man': descriptively, it should link these gender categories to sex biology without reducing them to sex biology, and politically, it should help us explain and combat traditional sexism while also allowing us to make sense of the activist view that gendering should be consensual. Using a Putnam-style 'Twin Earth' example, we argue that none of (...)
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  2. Words in Action: Speech Act Theory and Biblical Interpretation.Richard S. Briggs - 2004 - Ars Disputandi 4.
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  3.  97
    The Growing-Block: Just One Thing After Another?Rachael Briggs & Graeme A. Forbes - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (4):927-943.
    In this article, we consider two independently appealing theories—the Growing-Block view and Humean Supervenience—and argue that at least one is false. The Growing-Block view is a theory about the nature of time. It says that past and present things exist, while future things do not, and the passage of time consists in new things coming into existence. Humean Supervenience is a theory about the nature of entities like laws, nomological possibility, counterfactuals, dispositions, causation, and chance. It says that none of (...)
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  4. Distorted Reflection.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Philosophical Review 118 (1):59-85.
    Diachronic Dutch book arguments seem to support both conditionalization and Bas van Fraassen's Reflection principle. But the Reflection principle is vulnerable to numerous counterexamples. This essay addresses two questions: first, under what circumstances should an agent obey Reflection, and second, should the counterexamples to Reflection make us doubt the Dutch book for conditionalization? In response to the first question, this essay formulates a new "Qualified Reflection" principle, which states that an agent should obey Reflection only if he or she is (...)
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  5. Interventionist Counterfactuals.Rachael Briggs - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 160 (1):139-166.
    A number of recent authors (Galles and Pearl, Found Sci 3 (1):151–182, 1998; Hiddleston, Noûs 39 (4):232–257, 2005; Halpern, J Artif Intell Res 12:317–337, 2000) advocate a causal modeling semantics for counterfactuals. But the precise logical significance of the causal modeling semantics remains murky. Particularly important, yet particularly under-explored, is its relationship to the similarity-based semantics for counterfactuals developed by Lewis (Counterfactuals. Harvard University Press, 1973b). The causal modeling semantics is both an account of the truth conditions of counterfactuals, and (...)
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  6. Utility Monsters for the Fission Age.Rachael Briggs & Daniel Nolan - 2015 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 96 (2):392-407.
    One of the standard approaches to the metaphysics of personal identity has some counter-intuitive ethical consequences when combined with maximising consequentialism and a plausible doctrine about aggregation of consequences. This metaphysical doctrine is the so-called ‘multiple occupancy’ approach to puzzles about fission and fusion. It gives rise to a new version of the ‘utility monster’ problem, particularly difficult problems about infinite utility, and a new version of a Parfit-style ‘repugnant conclusion’. While the article focuses on maximising consequentialism for simplicity, the (...)
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  7. Epistemic Dispositions. Reply to Turri and Bronner.Rachel Briggs & Daniel Nolan - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (4):629-636.
    We reply to recent papers by John Turri and Ben Bronner, who criticise the dispositionalised Nozickian tracking account we discuss in “Mad, Bad and Dangerous to Know.” We argue that the account we suggested can handle the problems raised by Turri and Bronner. In the course of responding to Turri and Bronner’s objections, we draw three general lessons for theories of epistemic dispositions: that epistemic dispositions are to some extent extrinsic, that epistemic dispositions can have manifestation conditions concerning circumstances where (...)
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  8. Decision-Theoretic Paradoxes as Voting Paradoxes.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - Philosophical Review 119 (1):1-30.
    It is a platitude among decision theorists that agents should choose their actions so as to maximize expected value. But exactly how to define expected value is contentious. Evidential decision theory (henceforth EDT), causal decision theory (henceforth CDT), and a theory proposed by Ralph Wedgwood that this essay will call benchmark theory (BT) all advise agents to maximize different types of expected value. Consequently, their verdicts sometimes conflict. In certain famous cases of conflict—medical Newcomb problems—CDT and BT seem to get (...)
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  9.  68
    Transformative Experience and Interpersonal Utility Comparisons.Rachael Briggs - 2015 - Res Philosophica 92 (2):189-216.
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  10. The Real Truth About the Unreal Future.Rachael Briggs & Graeme A. Forbes - 2012 - In Karen Bennett & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics, volume 7.
    Growing-Block theorists hold that past and present things are real, while future things do not yet exist. This generates a puzzle: how can Growing-Block theorists explain the fact that some sentences about the future appear to be true? Briggs and Forbes develop a modal ersatzist framework, on which the concrete actual world is associated with a branching-time structure of ersatz possible worlds. They then show how this branching structure might be used to determine the truth values of future contingents. They (...)
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  11. Truthmaking Without Necessitation.Rachael Briggs - 2012 - Synthese 189 (1):11-28.
    I propose an account truthmaking that provides truthmakers for negative truths. The account replaces Truthmaker Necessitarianism with a "Duplication Principle", according to which a suitable entity T is a truthmaker for a proposition P just in case the existence of an appropriate counterpart of T entails the truth of P, where the counterpart relation is cashed out in terms of qualitative duplication. My account captures an intuitive notion of truthmakers as "things the way they are", validates two appealing principles about (...)
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  12. Mad, Bad and Dangerous to Know.Rachael Briggs & Daniel Nolan - 2012 - Analysis 72 (2):314-316.
    Tracking accounts of knowledge formulated in terms of counterfactuals suffer from well known problems. Examples are provided, and it is shown that moving to a dispositional tracking theory of knowledge avoids three of these problems.
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  13. Propositions and Same-Saying: Introduction.Rachael Briggs & Mark Jago - 2012 - Synthese 189 (1):1-10.
    Philosophers often talk about the things we say, or believe, or think, or mean. The things are often called ‘propositions’. A proposition is what one believes, or thinks, or means when one believes, thinks, or means something. Talk about propositions is ubiquitous when philosophers turn their gaze to language, meaning and thought. But what are propositions? Is there a single class of things that serve as the objects of belief, the bearers of truth, and the meanings of utterances? How do (...)
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  14. Putting a Value on Beauty.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - In Tamar Szabo Gendler and John Hawthorne (Eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology, Volume 3. Oxford University Press:3-34.
     
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  15. The Anatomy of the Big Bad Bug.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Noûs 43 (3):428-449.
  16. The Big Bad Bug Bites Anti-Realists About Chance.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Synthese 167 (1):81--92.
    David Lewis’s ‘Humean Supervenience’ (henceforth ‘HS’) combines realism about laws, chances, and dispositions with a sparse ontology according to which everything supervenes on the overall spatiotemporal distribution of non-dispositional properties (Lewis 1986a, Philosophical papers: Volume II, pp. ix–xvii, New York: Oxford Univesity Press, 1994, Mind 103:473–490). HS faces a serious problem—a “big bad bug” (Lewis 1986a, p. xiv): it contradicts the Principal Principle, a seemingly obvious norm of rational credence. Two authors have tried to rescue Lewis’s ontology from the ‘big (...)
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  17. Epistemic Dispositions.Rachael Briggs & Daniel Nolan - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (4):629-636.
    We reply to recent papers by John Turri and Ben Bronner, who criticise the dispositionalised Nozickian tracking account we discuss in “Mad, Bad and Dangerous to Know.” We argue that the account we suggested can handle the problems raised by Turri and Bronner. In the course of responding to Turri and Bronner’s objections, we draw three general lessons for theories of epistemic dispositions: that epistemic dispositions are to some extent extrinsic, that epistemic dispositions can have manifestation conditions concerning circumstances where (...)
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  18. Foundations of Probability.Rachael Briggs - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophical Logic:1-16.
    The foundations of probability are viewed through the lens of the subjectivist interpretation. This article surveys conditional probability, arguments for probabilism, probability dynamics, and the evidential and subjective interpretations of probability.
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  19. The Metaphysics of Chance.Rachael Briggs - 2010 - Philosophy Compass 5 (11):938-952.
  20.  40
    Effects of Task Complexity and Task Organization on the Relative Efficiency of Part and Whole Training Methods.James C. Naylor & George E. Briggs - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (3):217.
  21.  5
    Ancient Biomolecules: Their Origins, Fossilization, and Role in Revealing the History of Life.Derek E. G. Briggs & Roger E. Summons - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (5):482-490.
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  22. The Greening of Heart and Mind: A Love Story.Roman Briggs - 2009 - Environmental Ethics 31 (2):155-168.
    Some environmentalists have argued that an effective ecological conscience may be rooted in a perspective that is either anthropocentric or sentiocentric. But, neither seems to have had any substantial effect on the ways in which our species treats nature. In looking to successfully awaken the ecological conscience, the focus should be on extending moral consideration to the land (wherein doing so includes all of the soils, waters, plants, animals, and the collectivity of which these things comprise) by means of coming (...)
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  23.  90
    The Normative Standing of Group Agents.Rachael Briggs - 2012 - Episteme 9 (3):283-291.
    Christian List and Philip Pettit argue that groups of people can be agents – beings that believe, desire and act. Their account combines a non-reductive realist view of group attitudes, on which groups literally have attitudes that cannot be analyzed in terms of the attitudes of their members, with methodological individualism, on which good explanations of group-level phenomena should not posit forces above individual attitudes and behaviors. I then discuss the main normative conclusion that LP draw from the claim that (...)
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  24.  48
    Costs of Abandoning the Sure-Thing Principle.Rachael Briggs - 2015 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (5):827-840.
    Risk-weighted expected utility theory permits preferences which violate the Sure-Thing Principle. But preferences that violate the STP can lead to bad decisions in sequential choice problems. In particular, they can lead decision-makers to adopt a strategy that is dominated – i.e. a strategy such that some available alternative leads to a better outcome in every possible state of the world.
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  25.  99
    Book Review: David L. Baker, Tight Fists or Open Hands? Wealth and Poverty in Old Testament Law (Grand Rapids, MI and Cambridge: Eerdmans, 2009) Xxiv + 411 Pp, £23.99/$36 (Pb), ISBN 978—0—8028—6283—9. [REVIEW]Richard Briggs - 2010 - Studies in Christian Ethics 23 (4):452-454.
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  26.  7
    Female Circumcision in Nigeria: Is It Not Time for Government Intervention? [REVIEW]L. A. Briggs - 1998 - Health Care Analysis 6 (1):14-23.
    This paper examines the attitudes of circumcised women towards female circumcision in a community where the practice is in vogue. Also described are the type of circumcision performed, who usually performs the circumcision and complications. One hundred volunteers across the social strata were interviewed by means of a structured questionnaire. Data were analysed using frequency tables. The study revealed that 62% of respondents favoured the practice as an instrument for the control of female sexuality and maintenance of cultural pride. Circumcision (...)
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  27.  13
    The Cambrian Evolutionary 'Explosion' Recalibrated.Richard A. Fortey, Derek E. G. Briggs & Matthew A. Wills - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (5):429-434.
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  28. Francis Bacon and the Rhetoric of Nature.John C. Briggs - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
  29.  93
    Being For: Evaluating the Semantic Program of Expressivism.Rachael Briggs - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (4):690-691.
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  30.  12
    Shameless!Robert Briggs - 2009 - Angelaki 14 (1):65 – 75.
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  31.  44
    On the Derivation of the Time-Dependent Equation of Schrödinger.John S. Briggs & Jan M. Rost - 2001 - Foundations of Physics 31 (4):693-712.
    Few have done more than Martin Gutzwiller to clarify the connection between classical time-dependent motion and the time-independent states of quantum systems. Hence it seems appropriate to include the following discussion of the origins of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation in this volume dedicated to him.
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  32.  21
    Climate Consensus and ‘Misinformation’: A Rejoinder to Agnotology, Scientific Consensus, and the Teaching and Learning of Climate Change.Christopher Monckton of Brenchley, William Briggs, Willie Soon & David Legates - 2015 - Science and Education 24 (3):299-318.
    Agnotology is the study of how ignorance arises via circulation of misinformation calculated to mislead. Legates et al. had questioned the applicability of agnotology to politically-charged debates. In their reply, Bedford and Cook, seeking to apply agnotology to climate science, asserted that fossil-fuel interests had promoted doubt about a climate consensus. Their definition of climate ‘misinformation’ was contingent upon the post-modernist assumptions that scientific truth is discernible by measuring a consensus among experts, and that a near unanimous consensus exists. However, (...)
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  33.  19
    Build This House.A. S. A. Briggs - 2004 - The Chesterton Review 30 (3/4):413-414.
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  34. Looking Glass Universe: The Emerging Science of Wholeness.John Briggs - 1984 - Fontana Paperbacks.
  35.  8
    Wild Thoughts: A Deconstructive Environmental Ethics.Robert Briggs - 2001 - Environmental Ethics 23 (2):115-134.
    Although environmental ethics has become more familiar and comfortable with the work of postmodernism, “deconstruction” in particular continues to be depicted as “destructive” and “nihilistic.” A close examination of some specific works of deconstruction, however, shows that, far from denying responsibilities to the environment, deconstruction seeks to affirm a radical obligation toward the “other.” Because this possibility is habitually ruled out by denunciations of deconstruction’s imputed relativism, I begin with a dramatized account of the possible reception of deconstruction within environmental (...)
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  36.  13
    The Oxford Questions on the Foundations of Quantum Physics.G. A. D. Briggs, J. Butterfield & A. Zeilinger - unknown
    The twentieth century saw two fundamental revolutions in physics—relativity and quantum. Daily use of these theories can numb the sense of wonder at their immense empirical success. Does their instrumental effectiveness stand on the rock of secure concepts or the sand of unresolved fundamentals? Does measuring a quantum system probe, or even create, reality, or merely change belief? Must relativity and quantum theory just co-exist or might we find a new theory which unifies the two? To bring such questions into (...)
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  37.  9
    Information Processing as a Function of Speed Versus Accuracy.James M. Swanson & George E. Briggs - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (2):223.
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  38.  12
    Evolution of Hindu Moral Ideals. [REVIEW]George W. Briggs - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (23):642-643.
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  39. Self-Consciousness and Aspects of Personality.J. M. Cheeks & S. R. Briggs - 1982 - Journal of Research in Personality 16:401-8.
     
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  40.  19
    The Architect in History.Martin S. Briggs - 1927 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 47:269.
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  41.  1
    Disease Lesion Mimics of Maize: A Model for Cell Death in Plants.Gurmukh S. Johal, Scot H. Hulbert & Steven P. Briggs - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (8):685-692.
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  42.  8
    Insights Into Modern Hinduism. [REVIEW]George W. Briggs - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (24):669-670.
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  43.  12
    Gildersleeve and M. Carey Thomas.Ward W. Briggs - 2000 - American Journal of Philology 121 (4):629-635.
  44.  6
    Encoding, Decoding, and Central Functions in Human Information Processing.George E. Briggs & James M. Swanson - 1970 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):296.
  45.  2
    The City in History: Its Origins, Its Transformations, and Its Prospects.Asa Briggs & Lewis Mumford - 1963 - History and Theory 2 (3):296.
  46.  7
    Hinduism Invades America. [REVIEW]George W. Briggs - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28 (22):612-614.
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  47.  11
    Correspondence.Ward W. Briggs - 1982 - The Classical Review 32 (01):121-.
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  48.  11
    Religion and Wittgenstein's Legacy (Ashgate Wittgensteinian Studies). Edited by D.Z. Phillips and Mario von der Ruhr . Pp. X, 334, Aldershot, Ashgate, 2005, £55.00. [REVIEW]Richard S. Briggs - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (2):334-334.
  49.  3
    Speed-Accuracy Trade-Off with Different Types of Stimuli.James J. Lyons & George E. Briggs - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):115.
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  50.  10
    Optimal Trip Planning in Transport Systems with Random Delays.Keith Briggs & Peter Kin Po Tam - 2010 - Complexity 1200.
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