65 found
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  1. Kants Kosmologie. Die wissenschaftliche Revolution der Naturphilosophie im 18. Jahrhundert.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2000 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 62 (3):589-590.
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  2.  32
    Kant and the scope of the analytic method.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 71:13-23.
  3.  14
    Kant's cosmology: from the pre-critical system to the antinomy of pure reason.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2020 - Cham: Springer.
    This book provides a comprehensive account of Kant’s development from the 1755/56 metaphysics to the cosmological antinomy of 1781. With the Theory of the Heavens (1755) and the Physical Monadology (1756), the young Kant had presented an ambitious approach to physical cosmology based on an atomistic theory of matter, which contributed to the foundations of an all-encompassing system of metaphysics. Why did he abandon this system in favor of his critical view that cosmology runs into an antinomy, according to the (...)
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  4.  34
    Philosophical Foundations of Quantum Field Theory.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1991 - Noûs 25 (4):580-583.
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  5.  23
    Why More is Different: Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems.Brigitte Falkenburg & Margaret Morrison (eds.) - 2015 - Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
    The physics of condensed matter, in contrast to quantum physics or cosmology, is not traditionally associated with deep philosophical questions. However, as science - largely thanks to more powerful computers - becomes capable of analysing and modelling ever more complex many-body systems, basic questions of philosophical relevance arise. Questions about the emergence of structure, the nature of cooperative behaviour, the implications of the second law, the quantum-classical transition and many other issues. This book is a collection of essays by leading (...)
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  6.  72
    Pragmatic Unification, Observation and Realism in Astroparticle Physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2012 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (2):327-345.
    Astroparticle physics is a recent sub-discipline of physics that emerged from early cosmic ray studies, astrophysics, and particle physics. Its theoretical foundations range from quantum field theory to general relativity, but the underlying “standard models” of cosmology and particle physics are far from being unified. The paper explores the pragmatic strategies employed in astroparticle physics in order to unify a disunified research field, the concept of observation involved in these strategies, and their relations to scientific realism.
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  7.  25
    Edgar Wind on Experiment and Metaphysics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2021 - Journal of Transcendental Philosophy 2 (1):21-45.
    The paper presents a detailed interpretation of Edgar Wind’s Experiment and Metaphysics, a unique work on the philosophy of physics which broke with the Neo-Kantian tradition under the influence of American pragmatism. Taking up Cassirer’s interpretation of physics, Wind develops a holistic theory of the experiment and a constructivist account of empirical facts. Based on the concept of embodiment which plays a key role in Wind’s later writings on art history, he argues, however, that the outcomes of measurements are contingent. (...)
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  8.  14
    Was beweist Kants Experiment der reinen Vernunft?Brigitte Falkenburg - 2018 - In Violetta L. Waibel, Margit Ruffing & David Wagner (eds.), Natur und Freiheit. Akten des XII. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. De Gruyter. pp. 641-660.
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  9.  17
    Wohin fliegt die Eule der Minerva? Über die Verkehrung von Licht und Finsternis.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (4):574-580.
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  10.  6
    Kants Kosmologie: die wissenschaftliche Revolution der Naturphilosophie im 18. Jahrhundert.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2000 - Vittorio Klostermann.
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  11. Models, Unification, and Simulations: Margaret C. Morrison (1954–2021).Brigitte Falkenburg & Stephan Hartmann - 2021 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 52 (1):25-33.
    The philosophy of science community mourns the loss of Margaret Catherine Morrison, who passed away on January 9, 2021, after a long battle with cancer. Margie, as she was known to all who knew her, was highly regarded for her influential contributions to the philosophy of science, particularly her studies of the role of models and simulations in the natural and social sciences. These contributions made her a world-leading philosopher of science, instrumental in shifting philosophers' attention from the structure of (...)
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  12.  41
    The analysis of particle tracks: A case for trust in the unity of physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (3):337-371.
  13.  16
    Why More is Different: Philosophical Issues in Condensed Matter Physics and Complex Systems.Brigitte Falkenburg & Margaret Morrison (eds.) - 2015 - Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
    The physics of condensed matter, in contrast to quantum physics or cosmology, is not traditionally associated with deep philosophical questions. However, as science - largely thanks to more powerful computers - becomes capable of analysing and modelling ever more complex many-body systems, basic questions of philosophical relevance arise. Questions about the emergence of structure, the nature of cooperative behaviour, the implications of the second law, the quantum-classical transition and many other issues. This book is a collection of essays by leading (...)
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  14.  30
    Kant on Laws: by Eric Watkins, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2019, pp. 310, £75.00 (hb), ISBN 978-1-107-16391-1.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 29 (1):186-188.
    There are many books on Kant's accounts of the laws of nature and of the moral law, but there is almost no literature that covers both topics in order to clarify their common grounds and their diff...
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  15.  33
    On Method: The Fact of Science and the Distinction between Natural Science and the Humanities.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2020 - Kant Yearbook 12 (1):1-31.
    This article examines Cohen’s “transcendental method”, Windelband’s “critical method”, the neo-Kantian distinctions between natural science and the humanities (i. e., human or cultural sciences), and Weber’s account of ideal-typical explanations. The Marburg and the Southwest Schools of neo-Kantianism have in common that their respective philosophies of science focused on method, but they substantially differ in their approaches. Cohen advanced the “transcendental method”, which was taken up and transformed by Natorp and Cassirer; later, it became influential in neo-Kantian approaches to 20th (...)
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  16.  21
    Die Form der Materie: zur Metaphysik der Natur bei Kant und Hegel.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1987
  17.  56
    Mechanistic Explanations in Physics and Beyond.Brigitte Falkenburg & Gregor Schiemann (eds.) - 2019 - Dordrecht, Niederlande: Springer.
    This volume offers a broad, philosophical discussion on mechanical explanations. Coverage ranges from historical approaches and general questions to physics and higher-level sciences . The contributors also consider the topics of complexity, emergence, and reduction. Mechanistic explanations detail how certain properties of a whole stem from the causal activities of its parts. This kind of explanation is in particular employed in explanatory models of the behavior of complex systems. Often used in biology and neuroscience, mechanistic explanation models have been often (...)
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  18. Bohr's principles of unifying quantum disunities.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1998 - Philosophia Naturalis 35 (1):95-120.
  19. Incommensurability and measurement.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1997 - Theoria 12 (3):467-491.
    Does incommensurability threaten the realist’s claim that physical magnitudes express properties of natural kinds? Some clarification comes from measurement theory and scientific practice. The standard (empiricist) theory of measurement is metaphysically neutral. But its representational operational and axiomatic aspects give rise to several kinds of a one-sided metaphysics. In scientific practice. the scales of physical quantities (e.g. the mass or length scale) are indeed constructed from measuring methods which have incompatible axiomatic foundations. They cover concepts which belong to incomensurable theories. (...)
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  20.  10
    Incommensurability and Measurement.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1997 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 12 (3):467-491.
    Does incommensurability threaten the realist’s claim that physical magnitudes express properties of natural kinds? Some clarification comes from measurement theory and scientific practice. The standard theory of measurement is metaphysically neutral. But its representational operational and axiomatic aspects give rise to several kinds of a one-sided metaphysics. In scientific practice. the scales of physical quantities are indeed constructed from measuring methods which have incompatible axiomatic foundations. They cover concepts which belong to incomensurable theories. I argue, however, that the construction of (...)
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  21.  32
    Kants zweite Antinomie und die Physik.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1995 - Kant Studien 86 (1):4-25.
  22.  10
    The Function of Natural Science for the Ends of Reason.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2019 - In Paula Órdenes & Anna Pickhan (eds.), Teleologische Reflexion in Kants Philosophie. Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden. pp. 93-109.
    As well known, the exact sciences served Kant as a model of metaphysical cognition. There is also an opposite relation between science and metaphysics, however, namely the teleology of reason, as expressed at the end of the Critique of Pure Reason. There, Kant claims that the sciences are ultimately subordinate to the essential ends of humanity “through the mediation of a rational cognition from mere concepts”, i. e., metaphysical cognition.
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  23. What are the phenomena of physics?Brigitte Falkenburg - 2011 - Synthese 182 (1):149-163.
    Depending on different positions in the debate on scientific realism, there are various accounts of the phenomena of physics. For scientific realists like Bogen and Woodward, phenomena are matters of fact in nature, i.e., the effects explained and predicted by physical theories. For empiricists like van Fraassen, the phenomena of physics are the appearances observed or perceived by sensory experience. Constructivists, however, regard the phenomena of physics as artificial structures generated by experimental and mathematical methods. My paper investigates the historical (...)
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  24.  52
    Functions of Intution in Quantum Physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2006 - In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer. pp. 267--292.
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  25.  7
    Die Funktion der Naturwissenschaft für die Zwecke der Vernunft.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2005 - In Volker Gerhardt (ed.), Kant im Streit der Fakultäten. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 117.
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  26. Too Many Conceptions of Time? McTaggart's Views Revisited.Gregor Schiemann & Brigitte Falkenburg - 2016 - In Stamatios Gerogiorgakis (ed.), Time and tense: unifying the old and the new. Munich: Philosophia.
    John Ellis McTaggart defended an idealistic view of time in the tradition of Hegel and Bradley. His famous paper makes two independent claims (McTaggart1908): First, time is a complex conception with two different logical roots. Second, time is unreal. To reject the second claim seems to commit to the first one, i.e., to a pluralistic account of time. We compare McTaggarts views to the most important concepts of time investigated in physics, neurobiology, and philosophical phenomenology. They indicate that a unique, (...)
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  27.  16
    Experience and Completeness in Physical Knowledge: Variations on a Kantian Theme.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2004 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 7 (1):153-176.
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  28. Substanzbegriff und Quantentheorie.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1993 - Philosophia Naturalis 30 (2):229-246.
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  29.  27
    The analysis of particle tracks: A case for trust in the unity of physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 27 (3):337-371.
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  30. Language and Reality: Peter Mittelstaedt’s Contributions to the Philosophy of Physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1171-1188.
    The article investigates the way in which Peter Mittelstaedt has been contributing to the philosophy of physics for half a century. It is shown that he pursues a path between rationalism and empiricism in the sense of Erhard Scheibe’s philosophy of the physicists. Starting from Kant’s a priori he gives a rational reconstruction of the conceptual revolutions of 20th century physics. The central topic of his philosophy of physics is the quest for semantic self-consistency, which for quantum mechanics is a (...)
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  31.  5
    Computer simulation in data analysis: A case study from particle physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2024 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 105 (C):99-108.
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  32. Experience and Completeness in Physical Knowledge: Variations on a Kantian Theme.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2004 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 7.
    When philosophers of science relate Kant‘s theory of nature to modern physics, they neglect the critical parts of the Critique of Pure Reason. My paper focuses on the way in which Kant wanted to demonstrate the limitations of physical knowledge by means of the cosmological antinomy. According to Kant, cosmology gives rise to four variations of one-and-the-same antinomy of pure reason. He wanted to show that any attempt to complete our spatio-temporal or dynamical knowledge of the world is based on (...)
     
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  33. Was heißt es, determiniert zu sein? Grenzen der naturwissenschaftlichen Erklärung.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2006 - In Dieter Sturma (ed.), Philosophie Und Neurowissenschaften. Suhrkamp. pp. 43--74.
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  34.  7
    Mechanistic Explanations in Physics: History, Scope, and Limits.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2023 - In João L. Cordovil, Gil Santos & Davide Vecchi (eds.), New Mechanism Explanation, Emergence and Reduction. Springer. pp. 191-211.
    Despite the scientific revolutions of the twentieth century, mechanistic explanations show a striking methodological continuity from early modern science to current scientific practice. They are rooted in the traditional method of analysis and synthesis, which was the background of Galileo’s resolutive-compositive method and Newton’s method of deduction from the phenomena. In early modern science as well as in current scientific practice, analysis aims at tracking back from the phenomena to the principles, i.e., from wholes to parts, and from effects to (...)
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  35.  66
    The unifying role of symmetry principles in particle physics.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1988 - Ratio 1 (2):113-134.
  36.  35
    On the contributions of astroparticle physics to cosmology.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 46 (1):97-108.
    Studying astroparticle physics sheds new light on scientific explanation and on the ways in which cosmology is empirically underdetermined or not. Astroparticle physics extends the empirical domain of cosmology from purely astronomical data to “multi-messenger astrophysics”, i.e., measurements of all kinds of cosmic rays including very high energetic gamma rays, neutrinos, and charged particles. My paper investigates the ways in which these measurements contribute to cosmology and compares them with philosophical views about scientific explanation, the relation between theory and data, (...)
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  37.  12
    On Gödel and the Nonexistence of Time – Gödel und die Nichtexistenz der Zeit: Kurt Gödel essay competition 2021 – Kurt-Gödel-Preis 2021.Oliver Passon, Christoph Benzmüller & Brigitte Falkenburg (eds.) - 2023 - Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
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  38.  39
    Grete Hermann’s Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics: A Late Appraisal.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2021 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 11 (1):201-210.
  39. Naturphilosophie. Ein Lehr- und Studienbuch.Thomas Kirchhoff, Nicole Christine Karafyllis, Dirk Evers, Brigitte Falkenburg, Myriam Gerhard, Gerald Hartung, Jürgen Hübner, Kristian Köchy, Ulrich Krohs, Thomas Potthast, Otto Schäfer, Gregor Schiemann, Magnus Schlette, Reinhard Schulz & Frank Vogelsang (eds.) - 2017 - Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck / UTB.
    Was ist Natur oder was könnte sie sein? Diese und weitere Fragen sind grundlegend für Naturdenken und -handeln. Das Lehr- und Studienbuch bietet eine historisch-systematische und zugleich praxisbezogene Einführung in die Naturphilosophie mit ihren wichtigsten Begriffen. Es nimmt den pluralen Charakter der Wahrnehmung von Natur in den philosophischen Blick und ist auch zum Selbststudium bestens geeignet.
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  40.  31
    Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation.Paul Busch & Brigitte Falkenburg - unknown
    This is an entry to the Compendium of Quantum Physics, edited by F Weinert, K Hentschel and D Greenberger, to be published by Springer-Verlag.
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  41.  10
    Buchkritik. Rationalität in den Wissenschaften – zwei Neuansätze.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2015 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 63 (3).
    Name der Zeitschrift: Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie Jahrgang: 63 Heft: 3 Seiten: 590-601.
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  42.  6
    Der Wert wertfreier Wissenschaft.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2004 - In Bernward Gesang (ed.), Deskriptive oder normative Wissenschaftstheorie. ontos-Verlag. pp. 91-122.
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  43.  8
    Erkenntnistheorie als Sprachanalyse?Brigitte Falkenburg - 2005 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 53 (2).
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  44.  66
    El realismo interno de Putnam y la ciencia empírica.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2004 - Revista de Filosofía (Madrid) 29 (2):117-132.
  45. From the Pre-Critical System to the Antinomy of Pure Reason.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2020
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  46.  10
    How to Save the Phenomena.Brigitte Falkenburg - 1998 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 13:97-135.
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  47.  31
    Intuition and Cosmology: The Puzzle of Incongruent Counterparts.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2006 - In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer. pp. 157--180.
  48.  7
    Incongruent Counterparts: Kant's 1768 Argument Against Relationalism.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2001 - In Ralph Schumacher, Rolf-Peter Horstmann & Volker Gerhardt (eds.), Kant Und Die Berliner Aufklärung: Akten des Ix. Internationalen Kant-Kongresses. Bd. I: Hauptvorträge. Bd. Ii: Sektionen I-V. Bd. Iii: Sektionen Vi-X: Bd. Iv: Sektionen Xi-Xiv. Bd. V: Sektionen Xv-Xviii. New York: De Gruyter. pp. 13-18.
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  49.  22
    Jan C. Schmidt: Das Andere der Natur. Neue Wege der Naturphilosophie.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2018 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 49 (1):141-143.
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  50.  20
    John Losee. Complementarity, Causality, and Explanation. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 2013. Pp. xi+141. $59.95.Brigitte Falkenburg - 2016 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 6 (1):162-164.
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