Results for 'Brittany D. McMillan'

980 found
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  1.  19
    Fluctuations in pre-trial attentional state and their influence on goal neglect.Nash Unsworth & Brittany D. McMillan - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 26:90-96.
    Fluctuations in attentional state and their relation to goal neglect were examined in the current study. Participants performed a variant of the Stroop task in which attentional state ratings were given prior to each trial. It was found that pre-trial attentional state ratings predicted subsequent trial performance, such that when participants rated their current attentional state as highly focused on the current task, performance tended to be high compared to when participants reported their current attentional state as being unfocused on (...)
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  2.  32
    Generative AI and medical ethics: the state of play.Hazem Zohny, Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Brian D. Earp & John McMillan - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (2):75-76.
    Since their public launch, a little over a year ago, large language models (LLMs) have inspired a flurry of analysis about what their implications might be for medical ethics, and for society more broadly. 1 Much of the recent debate has moved beyond categorical evaluations of the permissibility or impermissibility of LLM use in different general contexts (eg, at work or school), to more fine-grained discussions of the criteria that should govern their appropriate use in specific domains or towards certain (...)
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  3.  12
    “In Our Own Little World”: Invisibility of the Social and Ethical Dimension of Engineering Among Undergraduate Students.Jae Hoon Lim, Brittany D. Hunt, Nickcoy Findlater, Peter T. Tkacik & Jerry L. Dahlberg - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (6):1-23.
    This paper explores how undergraduate students understood the social relevance of their engineering course content knowledge and drew broader social and ethical implications from that knowledge. Based on a three-year qualitative study in a junior-level engineering class, we found that students had difficulty in acknowledging the social and ethical aspects of engineering as relevant topics in their coursework. Many students considered the immediate technical usability or improved efficiency of technical innovations as the noteworthy social and ethical implications of engineering. Findings (...)
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  4.  19
    The influence of ego depletion on sprint start performance in athletes without track and field experience.Chris Englert, Brittany N. Persaud, Raôul R. D. Oudejans & Alex Bertrams - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  5.  16
    The UF Deep Brain Stimulation Cognitive Rating Scale (DBS-CRS): Clinical Decision Making, Validity, and Outcomes.Lauren Kenney, Brittany Rohl, Francesca V. Lopez, Jacob A. Lafo, Charles Jacobson, Michael S. Okun, Kelly D. Foote & Dawn Bowers - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  6.  17
    The wrong word for the job? The ethics of collecting data on ‘race’ in academic publishing.John McMillan, Brian D. Earp, Wing May Kong, Mehrunisha Suleman & Arianne Shahvisi - 2024 - Journal of Medical Ethics 50 (3):149-151.
    Socially responsible publishers, such as the BMJ Publishing Group, have demonstrated a commitment to health equity and working towards rectifying the structural racism that exists both in healthcare and in medical publishing.1 The commitment of academic publishers to collecting information relevant to promoting equity and diversity is important and commendable where it leads to that result.2 However, collecting sensitive demographic data is not a morally neutral activity. Rather, it carries with it both known and potential risks. Among these are issues (...)
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  7.  12
    What Dictionary Are Animal Researchers Using?Franklin D. Mcmillan - 2012 - Journal of Animal Ethics 2 (1):1-5.
    The public largely supports the use of animals in biomedical research, but only if they are sure that the animals are treated humanely. The scientific community has provided these assurances. Is this a truthful claim? I argue that when examined systematically, the claim that animals in research are treated humanely is not truthful by any existing definition of the word. This article does not argue for or against the morality of using animals in research; rather, the reasoning set forth herein (...)
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  8. Editors' Introduction: Does It Really Matter What We Mean by the Word or Concept Education?S. McMillan & D. J. Simpson - 2006 - Journal of Thought 41 (3):3.
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  9.  26
    Medical ethics and the climate change emergency.Cressida Auckland, Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Kenneth Boyd, Brian D. Earp, Lucy Frith, Zoë Fritz, John McMillan, Arianne Shahvisi & Mehrunisha Suleman - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (12):939-940.
    The editors of the _Journal of Medical Ethics_ support the call of the UK Health Alliance on Climate for urgent action to ensure that the current Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change ‘finally delivers climate justice for Africa and vulnerable countries’. 1 As they note ‘Africa has suffered disproportionately although it has done little to cause the crisis’. The burden of climate change has thus far fallen disproportionately on Global South countries. The monsoon (...)
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  10. Generative AI entails a credit–blame asymmetry.Sebastian Porsdam Mann, Brian D. Earp, Sven Nyholm, John Danaher, Nikolaj Møller, Hilary Bowman-Smart, Joshua Hatherley, Julian Koplin, Monika Plozza, Daniel Rodger, Peter V. Treit, Gregory Renard, John McMillan & Julian Savulescu - 2023 - Nature Machine Intelligence 5 (5):472-475.
    Generative AI programs can produce high-quality written and visual content that may be used for good or ill. We argue that a credit–blame asymmetry arises for assigning responsibility for these outputs and discuss urgent ethical and policy implications focused on large-scale language models.
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  11.  59
    Pandemic medical ethics.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Kenneth Boyd, Brian D. Earp, Lucy Frith, Rosalind J. McDougall, John McMillan & Jesse Wall - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (6):353-354.
    The COVID-19 pandemic will generate vexing ethical issues for the foreseeable future and many journals will be open to content that is relevant to our collective effort to meet this challenge. While the pandemic is clearly the critical issue of the moment, it’s important that other issues in medical ethics continue to be addressed as well. As can be seen in this issue, the Journal of Medical Ethics will uphold its commitment to publishing high quality papers on the full array (...)
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  12. Mere exposure to money increases endorsement of free-market systems and social inequality.Eugene M. Caruso, Kathleen D. Vohs, Brittani Baxter & Adam Waytz - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):301.
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  13.  18
    Watch, Imagine, Attempt: Motor Cortex Single-Unit Activity Reveals Context-Dependent Movement Encoding in Humans With Tetraplegia.Carlos E. Vargas-Irwin, Jessica M. Feldman, Brandon King, John D. Simeral, Brittany L. Sorice, Erin M. Oakley, Sydney S. Cash, Emad N. Eskandar, Gerhard M. Friehs, Leigh R. Hochberg & John P. Donoghue - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  14. Grant R. Gillett and John McMillan: Consciousness and Intentionality.R. D. Ellis - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):98-103.
  15.  13
    Review of “consciousness and intentionality” by grant R. Gillett and John McMillan[REVIEW]R. D. Ellis - 2002 - Consciousness and Emotion 3 (1):98-103.
  16.  15
    Michael D. Barton, Janet Browne, Ken Corbett and Norman McMillan (eds.), The Correspondence of John Tyndall, vol. 6: The Correspondence, November 1856–February 1859. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2018. Pp. lviii + 537. ISBN 978-0-8229-4533-8. $125.00. (hardback). [REVIEW]William H. Brock - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (4):598-599.
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  17.  27
    Wolfgang van Emden and Philip E. Bennett, eds., with Alexander Kerr, Guillaume d'Orange and the Chanson de geste: Essays Presented to Duncan McMillan in Celebration of His Seventieth Birthday by His Friends and Colleagues of the Société Rencesvals. Reading, Eng.: Société Rencesvals (British Branch), 1984. Paper. Pp. xi, 218; frontispiece. [REVIEW]Peter R. Grillo - 1987 - Speculum 62 (1):242-243.
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  18.  14
    More than off-task: Increased freely-moving thought in ADHD.Brittany R. Alperin, Kalina Christoff, Caitlin Mills & Sarah L. Karalunas - 2021 - Consciousness and Cognition 93 (C):103156.
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  19. Ethics of generative AI.Hazem Zohny, John McMillan & Mike King - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (2):79-80.
    Artificial intelligence (AI) and its introduction into clinical pathways presents an array of ethical issues that are being discussed in the JME. 1–7 The development of AI technologies that can produce text that will pass plagiarism detectors 8 and are capable of appearing to be written by a human author 9 present new issues for medical ethics. One set of worries concerns authorship and whether it will now be possible to know that an author or student in fact produced submitted (...)
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  20.  40
    Visual perspective and the characteristics of mind wandering.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Carolyn Parkinson & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  21.  90
    Increases in Stressors Prior to-Versus During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States Are Associated With Depression Among Middle-Aged Mothers.Brittany K. Taylor, Michaela R. Frenzel, Hallie J. Johnson, Madelyn P. Willett, Stuart F. White, Amy S. Badura-Brack & Tony W. Wilson - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Working parents in are struggling to balance the demands of their occupation with those of childcare and homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, studies show that women are shouldering more of the burden and reporting greater levels of psychological distress, anxiety, and depression relative to men. However, research has yet to show that increases in psychological symptoms are linked to changes in stress during the pandemic. Herein, we conduct a small-N study to explore the associations between stress and psychological symptoms (...)
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  22.  69
    Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science * By R. COOPER.J. McMillan - 2009 - Analysis 69 (1):195-197.
    "Psychiatry and Philosophy of Science" explores conceptual issues in psychiatry from the perspective of analytic philosophy of science. Through an examination of those features of psychiatry that distinguish it from other sciences - for example, its contested subject matter, its particular modes of explanation, its multiple different theoretical frameworks, and its research links with big business - Rachel Cooper explores some of the many conceptual, metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry. She shows how these pose interesting challenges for (...)
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  23. Dose-response relationships using brain–computer interface technology impact stroke rehabilitation.Brittany M. Young, Zack Nigogosyan, Léo M. Walton, Alexander Remsik, Jie Song, Veena A. Nair, Mitchell E. Tyler, Dorothy F. Edwards, Kristin Caldera, Justin A. Sattin, Justin C. Williams & Vivek Prabhakaran - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  24.  40
    Psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy for the treatment of major depression: a synthesis of phenomenological explanations.Riccardo Miceli McMillan & Christopher Jordens - 2022 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 25 (2):225-237.
    Psychedelic-assisted Psychotherapy combines the use of psychedelic compounds, such as psilocybin, with psychotherapy. PAP has shown some promise as a novel treatment for Major Depressive Disorder, and empirical research suggests that its efficacy turns on the altered states induced by psychedelic compounds. In this paper we draw on the literature of phenomenology to explain the therapeutic potential of psychedelic experiences. Svenaeus characterises mental illness as a form of suffering that entails three distinct but related experiences of alienation or “unhomelike being-in-the-world”: (...)
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  25.  47
    The shape of things to come: Exploring goal-directed prospection.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Fiona Hoi Kei Fung, Sarah Best & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):471-478.
    Through the ability to preview the future , people can anticipate how best to think, feel and act in just about any setting. But exactly what factors determine the contents of prospection? Extending research on action identification and temporal construal, here we explored how action goals and temporal distance modulate the characteristics of future previews. Participants were required to imagine travelling to Egypt to climb or photograph a pyramid. Afterwards, to probe the contents of prospection, participants provided a sketch of (...)
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  26.  14
    Pair-Bonding as Inclusion of Other in the Self: A Literature Review.Brittany Branand, Debra Mashek & Arthur Aron - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  27.  23
    Capital, Profits and Prices: An Essay in the Philosophy of Economics.John McMillan - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (4):651-653.
  28.  43
    Ethics of Recruiting Research Subjects Through Social Media.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):73-75.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 73-75.
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  29. Measuring the present: What is the duration of ‘now’?Brittany A. Gentry - 2020 - Synthese 198 (10):9357-9371.
    Presentists argue that only the present is real. In this paper, I ask what duration the present has on a presentist’s account. While several answers are available, each of them requires the adoption of a measure and, with that adoption, additional work must be done to define the present. Whether presentists conclude that a reductionist account of duration is acceptable, that duration is not an applicable concept for their notion of the present, that the present has a duration of zero, (...)
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  30.  32
    Independent development of the Reach and the Grasp in spontaneous self-touching by human infants in the first 6 months.Brittany L. Thomas, Jenni M. Karl & Ian Q. Whishaw - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  31.  14
    A Historical and Undergraduate Context to Inform Interprofessional Education for Global Health.Brittany Seymour & Jane Barrow - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (S2):9-16.
  32.  23
    Structural Variation within the Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Memory for Impressions in Older Adults.Brittany S. Cassidy & Angela H. Gutchess - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  33.  22
    Putting microbiota-gut-brain research in a systemic developmental context: Focus on breast milk.Brittany Howell & Antonella Tramacere - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    The microbiota-gut-brain field holds huge potential for understanding behavioral development and informing effective early interventions for psychological health. To realize this potential, factors that shape the MGB axis in infancy must be integrated into a systemic framework that considers salient behavioral outcomes. This is best accomplished applying network analyses in large prospective, longitudinal investigations in humans.
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  34.  11
    The Day the Gay Cowboy Broke Up with McCabe & Mrs. Miller: Brokeback Mountain’s Love Affair with Consumerist Conformity.Brittany R. Powell & Todd Kennedy - 2006 - Intertexts 10 (2):113-27.
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  35.  24
    Prescribing meaning: hedonistic perspectives on the therapeutic use of psychedelic-assisted meaning enhancement.Riccardo Miceli McMillan - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (10):701-705.
    The recent renaissance in research on psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy is showing great promise for the treatment of many psychiatric conditions. Interestingly, therapeutic outcomes for patients undergoing these treatments are predicted by the occurrence of a mystical experience—an experience characterised in part by a sense of profound meaning. This has led to hypotheses that psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy is therapeutic because it enhances perception of meaning, and consequently leads to a meaning response. The putative mechanism of action of psychedelics as meaning enhancers raises normative (...)
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  36.  49
    The ethics of research related to health care in developing countries.J. R. McMillan - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):204-206.
    A report by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, contrary to the Declaration of Helsinki, permits most important research initiatives in developing countries.The Ethics of Research Related to Health Care in Developing Countries by the Nuffield Council on Bioethics makes a number of innovative recommendations that depart from codes such as the Declaration of Helsinki. It recommends that standards of care might be relativised to the standard of that nation. It recommends that very good reasons need to be given for not (...)
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  37. Advice on modal logic.D. Scott - 1980 - In Karel Lambert (ed.), Philosophical problems in logic: some recent developments. Hingham, MA: Sold and distributed in the U.S.A. and Canada by Kluwer Boston. pp. 143--173.
  38.  25
    Beyond “Sign at the X”: In Pursuit of Comprehension.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (1):41-43.
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  39.  64
    Abjection and mourning in the struggle over fetal remains.Brittany R. Leach - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (1):141-164.
    Should the remains of aborted fetuses be treated as human corpses or medical waste? How can feminists defend abortion rights without erasing the experiences of women who mourn fetal death or lending support to pro-life constructions of fetal personhood? To answer these questions, I trace the role of abjection and mourning in debates over fetal remains disposal regulations. Critiquing pro-life views of fetal personhood while challenging feminists to develop richer and more compelling accounts of fetal remains, I argue that embracing (...)
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  40.  12
    Science Fiction as Critique of Science: Organ Transplantation and the Body.Brittany Anne Chozinski - 2016 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 36 (1):58-66.
    Science fiction is often used as a tool with which to think about actual science. While often this is depicted in terms of imaginary future potential, science fiction has also shown itself to be a poignant critique of existing science and a means of exploring our collective anxieties regarding the continued logic of current scientific development. This article explores the science fiction of organ transplantation, as mapped against scientific and medicolegal developments in actual organ transplantation. Explored through the lens of (...)
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  41.  43
    A Study of Documentary Sources Relating to Women's Right to Divorce in Ancient Judea.Brittany Crockett - 2009 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 1 (1).
    This paper examines the concept and treatment of divorce in ancient Judea as a historical reality rather than a theological issue, focusing particularly on the idea of the wife as the active party in the divorce. Did women in Judea have the right to initiate divorce? It seems the answer might have been yes. The implications of several key documentary sources, including various marriage and legal contracts relating to divorce are discussed. The paper concludes with a brief look at several (...)
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  42.  14
    Measurement practices exacerbate the generalizability crisis: Novel digital measures can help.Brittany I. Davidson, David A. Ellis, Clemens Stachl, Paul J. Taylor & Adam N. Joinson - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Psychology's tendency to focus on confirmatory analyses before ensuring constructs are clearly defined and accurately measured is exacerbating the generalizability crisis. Our growing use of digital behaviors as predictors has revealed the fragility of subjective measures and the latent constructs they scaffold. However, new technologies can provide opportunities to improve conceptualizations, theories, and measurement practices.
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  43.  19
    It wasn’t me: The role of perspective in self-perceptions of responsibility.Brittany M. Tausen, Lynden K. Miles, Louisa Lawrie & C. Neil Macrae - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 63:89-98.
  44.  11
    From Storybooks to Novels: A Retrospective Approach Linking Print Exposure in Childhood to Adolescence.Brittany Tremblay, Monyka L. Rodrigues & Sandra Martin-Chang - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  45.  20
    Bioethics C&C.Brittany Frisch, Angie Edwards, Jamie Maguire, Stephanie Hoppe, Leigh Schuldt, Nick Wilcox, Kelsey Prosser, Rebecca Anderson, Erica Peter & Jessica Rix - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  46.  43
    Horse Play in the Canadian West: The Emergence of the Calgary Stampede as Contested Terrain.Brittany Gerber & Kevin Young - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (6):523-545.
    As one example of how modern Western societies are increasingly obliged to reconcile questions of civility and justice against common, indeed revered, practices that compromise nonhuman animals, this paper examines the recent history of public debate regarding the use of animals for public entertainment in the Canadian West. Using media-based public dialogue regarding the annual Calgary Stampede as a case study and couching the high-risk use of horses in the sociological language of “sports-related violence,” the paper explores the various arguments (...)
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  47.  17
    An Unfortunate Experiment?John Mcmillan & Lynne Bowyer - 2014 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 23 (3):268-271.
    Abstract:This report describes the system of ethical review that was adopted in New Zealand based on the findings and recommendations from the Cartwright Inquiry in 1988. It discusses the changes made to this system under recent governmental initiatives enacted by the National Party, and some of the implications of those changes.
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  48.  19
    Taking French Feminism to the Streets: Fadela Amara and the Rise of Ni Putes Ni Soumises.Brittany Murray & Diane Perpich (eds.) - 2011 - University of Illinois Press.
    "Portions of this work were originally published as La racaille de la Republique by Fadela Amara and Mohammed Abdi, Editions du Seuil, 2006"--T.p. verso.
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  49.  11
    : A Forest of Symbols: Art, Science, and Truth in the Long Nineteenth Century.Brittany Myburgh - 2023 - Isis 114 (1):207-208.
  50.  16
    Space-Time and Utopia.Brittany Myburgh - 2022 - Spontaneous Generations 10 (1):54-62.
    Throughout the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, artists and scholars have pursued connections between modern art movements and scientific exploration and expertise. Particularly in discussions of Cubism and Futurism, artists and historians have employed the terms ‘fourth dimension’, ‘simultaneity’, and ‘space-time’ in their artistic theories. Select scholars have connected the use of these terms with Albert Einstein’s theories of relativity. This paper presents brief notes on this perceived intersection between Western science and art during the early to mid-twentieth century. It focuses (...)
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