Results for 'Brittany Nicholls'

260 found
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  1.  39
    Rationally Functional Dependence.Pavel Naumov & Brittany Nicholls - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):603-616.
    Two different types of functional dependencies are compared: dependencies that are functional due to the laws of nature and dependencies that are functional if all involved agents behave rationally. The first type of dependencies was axiomatized by Armstrong. This article gives a formal definition of the second type of functional dependencies in terms of strategic games and describes a sound and complete axiomatization of their properties. The axiomatization is significantly different from the Armstrong’s axioms.
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  2.  38
    On Interchangeability of Nash Equilibria in Multi-Player Strategic Games.Pavel Naumov & Brittany Nicholls - 2013 - Synthese 190 (S1):1-22.
    The article studies properties of interchangeability of pure, mixed, strict, and strict mixed Nash equilibria. The main result is a sound and complete axiomatic system that describes properties of interchangeability in all four settings. It has been previously shown that the same axiomatic system also describes properties of independence in probability theory, nondeducibility in information flow, and non-interference in concurrency theory.
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  3.  73
    A Wild Roguery: Bruce Chatwin’s The Songlines Reconsidered.Christine Nicholls - 2019 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 9 (9):22-49.
    This article revisits, analyzes and critiques Bruce Chatwin’s 1987 bestseller, The Songlines,1 more than three decades after its publication. In Songlines, the book primarily responsible for his posthumous celebrity, Chatwin set out to explore the essence of Central and Western Desert Aboriginal Australians’ philosophical beliefs. For many readers globally, Songlines is regarded as a—if not the—definitive entry into the epistemological basis, religion, cosmology and lifeways of classical Western and Central Desert Aboriginal people. It is argued that Chatwin’s fuzzy, ill-defined use (...)
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  4.  76
    Achievement Motivation: Conceptions of Ability, Subjective Experience, Task Choice, and Performance.John G. Nicholls - 1984 - Psychological Review 91 (3):328-346.
  5.  32
    The Shape of Things to Come: Exploring Goal-Directed Prospection.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Fiona Hoi Kei Fung, Sarah Best & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):471-478.
    Through the ability to preview the future , people can anticipate how best to think, feel and act in just about any setting. But exactly what factors determine the contents of prospection? Extending research on action identification and temporal construal, here we explored how action goals and temporal distance modulate the characteristics of future previews. Participants were required to imagine travelling to Egypt to climb or photograph a pyramid. Afterwards, to probe the contents of prospection, participants provided a sketch of (...)
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  6.  20
    Ethics of Recruiting Research Subjects Through Social Media.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (6):73-75.
    Volume 19, Issue 6, June 2019, Page 73-75.
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  7.  26
    Visual Perspective and the Characteristics of Mind Wandering.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Carolyn Parkinson & C. Neil Macrae - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  8.  18
    Sustaining Inter-Organizational Relationships Across Institutional Logics and Power Asymmetries: The Case of Fair Trade.Alex Nicholls & Benjamin Huybrechts - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 135 (4):699-714.
    This paper explores an empirical puzzle, namely, how inter-organizational relationships can be sustained between organizations that draw upon distinctive—and potentially conflicting—institutional logics under conditions of power asymmetry. This research analyses cases of these relationships and suggests some key conditions underlying them. Examining relationships between ‘Fair Trade’ organizations and corporate retailers, a series of contingent factors behind the dynamic persistence of such relationships are proposed, namely: the presence of pre-existing ‘hybrid logics’; the use of boundary-spanning discourses; joint tolerance of conflict; and (...)
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  9.  14
    Perceptions of Coach–Athlete Relationship Are More Important to Coaches Than Athletes in Predicting Dyadic Coping and Stress Appraisals: An Actor–Partner Independence Mediation Model.Adam R. Nicholls & John L. Perry - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  10.  9
    Beyond “Sign at the X”: In Pursuit of Comprehension.Brittany N. Ferrigno & Robert M. Sade - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 8 (1):41-43.
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  11.  25
    Thinking the Unconscious: Nineteenth-Century German Thought.Angus Nicholls & Martin Liebscher (eds.) - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Examines nineteenth-century German theories and representations of the unconscious, and the extent to which they may have influenced Freud.
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  12.  29
    Fair Trade: Towards an Economics of Virtue. [REVIEW]Alex Nicholls - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (2):241 - 255.
    Over the past 10 years the sales of Fair Trade goods - particularly those carrying the Fair Trade Labelling Organizations International (FLO) certification mark - have grown exponentially. Academic interest in Fair Trade has also grown significantly over the past decade with researchers analysing the model from a wide range of theoretical perspectives. Whilst Fair Trade is generally acknowledged as a new supply chain model, it has tended to be studied at the micro/organisational level rather than at the macro/systems level. (...)
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  13.  13
    Taming Temptation: Visual Perspective Impacts Consumption and Willingness to Pay for Unhealthy Foods.Brittany M. Christian, Lynden K. Miles, Sophie T. Kenyeri, Jennifer Mattschey & C. Neil Macrae - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (1):85-94.
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  14.  23
    Social Science and Ethics Review: A Question of Practice Not Principle.Stuart G. Nicholls, Jamie Brehaut & Raphae Saginur - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (2):71-78.
    In his article ‘The case against ethics review in the social sciences’, Schrag asserts that the social sciences should not be subject to ethical review. He recounts a number of examples where ethical review has seemingly failed. He further suggests some alternative models for dealing with ethical review in the social sciences. Finally, he concludes, and we concur, that there is a lack of empirical evidence as to the benefit of research ethics review.
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  15.  4
    Sovereignty and Government in Jean Bodin's Six Livres de la République.Sophie Nicholls - 2019 - Journal of the History of Ideas 80 (1):47-66.
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  16.  7
    Taking French Feminism to the Streets.Brittany Murray & Diane Perpich (eds.) - 2011 - University of Illinois Press.
    "Portions of this work were originally published as La racaille de la Republique by Fadela Amara and Mohammed Abdi, Editions du Seuil, 2006"--T.p. verso.
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  17.  14
    Personalized Medicine and Genome-Based Treatments: Why Personalized Medicine ≠ Individualized Treatments.S. Nicholls, B. Wilson, D. Castle, H. Etchegary & J. Carroll - 2014 - Clinical Ethics 9 (4):135-144.
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  18.  14
    Independent Development of the Reach and the Grasp in Spontaneous Self-Touching by Human Infants in the First 6 Months.Brittany L. Thomas, Jenni M. Karl & Ian Q. Whishaw - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19.  15
    The Model of Motivational Dynamics in Sport: Resistance to Peer Influence, Behavioral Engagement and Disaffection, Dispositional Coping, and Resilience.Adam R. Nicholls, David Morley & John L. Perry - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  20.  7
    Structural Variation Within the Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Memory for Impressions in Older Adults.Brittany S. Cassidy & Angela H. Gutchess - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  21.  25
    Generating Regional-Scale Improvements in SME Corporate Responsibility Performance: Lessons From Responsibility Northwest.Sarah Roberts, Rob Lawson & Jeremy Nicholls - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 67 (3):275-286.
    This paper describes the research carried out into small and medium enterprises (SMEs) and corporate responsibility (CR) in the Northwest of England during Phase I of Responsibility Northwest, a partnership programme designed to significantly increase the CR of the region. By engaging with significant numbers of SMEs and SME support providers across the region, key insights were gained in three key areas: • The current attitudes to, understanding of, and management of CR issues in the SME sector.• The barriers to (...)
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  22.  38
    Dose-Response Relationships Using Brain–Computer Interface Technology Impact Stroke Rehabilitation.Brittany M. Young, Zack Nigogosyan, Léo M. Walton, Alexander Remsik, Jie Song, Veena A. Nair, Mitchell E. Tyler, Dorothy F. Edwards, Kristin Caldera, Justin A. Sattin, Justin C. Williams & Vivek Prabhakaran - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  23.  12
    Proceduralisation, Choice and Parental Reflections on Decisions to Accept Newborn Bloodspot Screening.Stuart G. Nicholls - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (5):299-303.
    Newborn screening is the programme through which newborn babies are screened for a variety of conditions shortly after birth. Programmes such as this are individually oriented but resemble traditional public health programmes because they are targeted at large groups of the population and they are offered as preventive interventions to a population considered healthy. As such, an ethical tension exists between the goals of promoting the high uptake of supposedly ‘effective’ population-oriented programmes and the goal of promoting genuinely informed decision-making. (...)
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  24.  11
    Revisions to the Common Rule: A Proposal in Search of Evidence.Stuart G. Nicholls - 2017 - Research Ethics 13 (2):92-96.
    Proposed changes to the Common Rule are proffered to save almost 7,000 reviews annually and consequently vast amounts of investigator and IRB-member time. However, the proposed changes have been subject to criticism. While some have lauded the changes as being imperfect, but nevertheless as improvements, others have contended that ‘neither the scientific community nor the public can be confident that improved practices will emerge from the regulatory changes mandated by the NPRM.’ In the present article, I discuss an important aspect (...)
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  25.  16
    Heading to the Right: The Effect of Aperture Width on Navigation Asymmetries for Miniature Remote-Controlled Vehicles.Michael E. R. Nicholls, Craig A. Jones & Joanne S. Robertson - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (2):225-237.
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  26.  32
    Childhood Obesity: Ethical and Policy Issues.Kristin Voigt, Stuart G. Nicholls & Garrath Williams - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Childhood obesity has become a central concern in many countries and a range of policies have been implemented or proposed to address it. This co-authored book is the first to focus on the ethical and policy questions raised by childhood obesity and its prevention. -/- Throughout the book, the authors emphasize that childhood obesity is a multi-faceted phenomenon, and just one of many issues that parents, schools and societies face. They argue that it is important to acknowledge the resulting complexities (...)
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  27.  42
    Knowledge or Understanding? Informed Choice in the Context of Newborn Bloodspot Screening.S. G. Nicholls - 2010 - Public Health Ethics 3 (2):128-136.
    The UK has a long established programme of newborn bloodspot screening. This operates under a model of informed choice. Understanding is central to the `informed’ element of an informed choice yet it is rarely assessed. To date most research within the context of newborn bloodspot screening has focussed on parental recall of information. In this paper I argue that simplistic assessments of knowledge through recall fail to reflect more complex notions of understanding. In support of this contention I draw on (...)
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  28.  6
    The UF Deep Brain Stimulation Cognitive Rating Scale (DBS-CRS): Clinical Decision Making, Validity, and Outcomes.Lauren Kenney, Brittany Rohl, Francesca V. Lopez, Jacob A. Lafo, Charles Jacobson, Michael S. Okun, Kelly D. Foote & Dawn Bowers - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  29.  33
    From Political Opportunities to Niche-Openings: The Dilemmas of Mobilizing for Immigrant Rights in Inhospitable Environments. [REVIEW]Walter J. Nicholls - 2014 - Theory and Society 43 (1):23-49.
  30.  8
    A Historical and Undergraduate Context to Inform Interprofessional Education for Global Health.Brittany Seymour & Jane Barrow - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (S2):9-16.
  31.  5
    The Influence of Ego Depletion on Sprint Start Performance in Athletes Without Track and Field Experience.Chris Englert, Brittany N. Persaud, Raôul R. D. Oudejans & Alex Bertrams - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  32.  16
    When Do I Wear Me Out? Mental Simulation and the Diminution of Self-Control.C. Neil Macrae, Brittany M. Christian, Marius Golubickis, Magdalene Karanasiou, Lenka Troksiarova, Diana L. McNamara & Lynden K. Miles - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (4):1755-1764.
  33.  6
    Stimulation Over Primary Motor Cortex During Action Observation Impairs Effector Recognition.Katherine R. Naish, Brittany Barnes & Sukhvinder S. Obhi - 2016 - Cognition 149:84-94.
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  34.  19
    Anglo-German Mythologics: The Australian Aborigines and Modern Theories of Myth in the Work of Baldwin Spencer and Carl Strehlow.Angus Nicholls - 2007 - History of the Human Sciences 20 (1):83-114.
    This article examines the respective interpretations of the Arrernte tribe of central Australian Aborigines adopted by the English biologist Baldwin Spencer and the German missionary Carl Strehlow. These interpretations are explored in relation to the broader theoretical debates in the theory of myth that took place in England and Germany in the latter half of the 19th century. In Britain, these debates were initially shaped by the comparative philology of F. Max Müller, before being transformed by the evolutionism of Edward (...)
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  35.  6
    Die Polykletnachfolge: Untersuchungen zur Kunst von Argos und Sikyon zwischen Polyklet und Lysipp. [REVIEW]R. V. Nicholls & D. Arnold - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:266-266.
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  36.  4
    Meisterwerke Griechischer Kunst. [REVIEW]R. V. Nicholls & K. Schefold - 1962 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 82:202-204.
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  37.  18
    Foucault, the Subject and the Research Interview: A Critique of Methods.Joanna K. Fadyl & David A. Nicholls - 2013 - Nursing Inquiry 20 (1):23-29.
  38. Crossing Into Lawlessness: Thoughts on Airplane Travel and State Power.Tracey Nicholls - 2010 - Environment, Space, Place 2 (1):17-34.
    This article examines the post-9/11 policing of points of entry and transfer at US airports and the ways these points become “forbidden places” to those deemed undesirable, in order to expose the ambiguity of forbiddenness with respect to place. It uses Michel Foucault’s theory of biopolitics to argue that the War on Terror has created a class of expendable non-persons whose legal identities are not acknowledged and Giorgio Agamben’s analysis of “the camp” as a metaphor for the spaces in airports (...)
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  39. Review Symposium: The Fremdling of Teleology, Or: On Roger Smith’s Being Human: Roger Smith, Being Human: Historical Knowledge and the Creation of Human Nature. Manchester and New York: Manchester University Press, 2007. Viii + 288 Pp. ISBN 978-0-7190-7498-1.Angus Nicholls - 2010 - History of the Human Sciences 23 (5):194-201.
  40. Obsessive Anti-AFA Behaviour.David Nicholls - 2013 - The Australian Humanist 110 (110):20.
     
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  41.  3
    Pair-Bonding as Inclusion of Other in the Self: A Literature Review.Brittany Branand, Debra Mashek & Arthur Aron - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  42.  1
    Science Fiction as Critique of Science: Organ Transplantation and the Body.Brittany Anne Chozinski - 2016 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 36 (1):58-66.
    Science fiction is often used as a tool with which to think about actual science. While often this is depicted in terms of imaginary future potential, science fiction has also shown itself to be a poignant critique of existing science and a means of exploring our collective anxieties regarding the continued logic of current scientific development. This article explores the science fiction of organ transplantation, as mapped against scientific and medicolegal developments in actual organ transplantation. Explored through the lens of (...)
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  43.  25
    A Study of Documentary Sources Relating to Women's Right to Divorce in Ancient Judea.Brittany Crockett - 2009 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 1 (1).
    This paper examines the concept and treatment of divorce in ancient Judea as a historical reality rather than a theological issue, focusing particularly on the idea of the wife as the active party in the divorce. Did women in Judea have the right to initiate divorce? It seems the answer might have been yes. The implications of several key documentary sources, including various marriage and legal contracts relating to divorce are discussed. The paper concludes with a brief look at several (...)
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  44.  3
    From Religion and Resources to Conflict: The Yazidis and ISIS.Brittany Foutz - 2019 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 29 (2):45-63.
    The Yazidis, surely one of the most unknown communities in the Middle East, made it to the front page of international media in 2014 when the Dáesh added them to their long list of victims. However, it was not the first time in history that this community suffered direct attacks and discrimination for their religion. On October 5, Iraq celebrated the award of the Nobel Peace Prize to one of its citizens, Nadia Murad, awarded for her fight against the use (...)
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  45.  13
    Bioethics C&C.Brittany Frisch, Angie Edwards, Jamie Maguire, Stephanie Hoppe, Leigh Schuldt, Nick Wilcox, Kelsey Prosser, Rebecca Anderson, Erica Peter & Jessica Rix - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  46.  30
    Measuring the Present: What is the Duration of ‘Now’?Brittany A. Gentry - forthcoming - Synthese:1-15.
    Presentists argue that only the present is real. In this paper, I ask what duration the present has on a presentist’s account. While several answers are available, each of them requires the adoption of a measure and, with that adoption, additional work must be done to define the present. Whether presentists conclude that a reductionist account of duration is acceptable, that duration is not an applicable concept for their notion of the present, that the present has a duration of zero, (...)
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  47.  29
    Horse Play in the Canadian West: The Emergence of the Calgary Stampede as Contested Terrain.Brittany Gerber & Kevin Young - 2013 - Society and Animals 21 (6):523-545.
    As one example of how modern Western societies are increasingly obliged to reconcile questions of civility and justice against common, indeed revered, practices that compromise nonhuman animals, this paper examines the recent history of public debate regarding the use of animals for public entertainment in the Canadian West. Using media-based public dialogue regarding the annual Calgary Stampede as a case study and couching the high-risk use of horses in the sociological language of “sports-related violence,” the paper explores the various arguments (...)
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  48.  7
    Putting Microbiota-Gut-Brain Research in a Systemic Developmental Context: Focus on Breast Milk.Brittany Howell & Antonella Tramacere - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    The microbiota-gut-brain field holds huge potential for understanding behavioral development and informing effective early interventions for psychological health. To realize this potential, factors that shape the MGB axis in infancy must be integrated into a systemic framework that considers salient behavioral outcomes. This is best accomplished applying network analyses in large prospective, longitudinal investigations in humans.
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  49.  5
    Abjection and mourning in the struggle over fetal remains.Brittany R. Leach - 2021 - Contemporary Political Theory 20 (1):141-164.
    Should the remains of aborted fetuses be treated as human corpses or medical waste? How can feminists defend abortion rights without erasing the experiences of women who mourn fetal death or lending support to pro-life constructions of fetal personhood? To answer these questions, I trace the role of abjection and mourning in debates over fetal remains disposal regulations. Critiquing pro-life views of fetal personhood while challenging feminists to develop richer and more compelling accounts of fetal remains, I argue that embracing (...)
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  50.  24
    Left to Right: Representational Biases for Numbers and the Effect of Visuomotor Adaptation.Andrea M. Loftus, Michael E. R. Nicholls, Jason B. Mattingley & John L. Bradshaw - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1048-1058.
    Adaptation to right-shifting prisms improves left neglect for mental number line bisection. This study examined whether adaptation affects the mental number line in normal participants. Thirty-six participants completed a mental number line task before and after adaptation to either: left-shifting prisms, right-shifting prisms or control spectacles that did not shift the visual scene. Participants viewed number triplets (e.g. 16, 36, 55) and determined whether the numerical distance was greater on the left or right side of the inner number. Participants demonstrated (...)
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