Results for 'Brooke S. Harrow'

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  1.  39
    Patient, physician and presentational influences on clinical decision making for breast cancer: results from a factorial experiment.John B. McKinlay, Risa B. Burns, Richard Durante, Henry A. Feldman, Karen M. Freund, Brooke S. Harrow, Julie T. Irish, Linda E. Kasten & Mark A. Moskowitz - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (1):23-57.
  2.  21
    Dignity and cost-effectiveness: a rejection of the utilitarian approach to death.S. A. Brooks - 1984 - Journal of Medical Ethics 10 (3):148-151.
    Utilitarianism is commonly assumed to be the most appropriate sub-structure for medical ethics. This view is challenged. It is suggested that the utilitarian approach to euthanasia works against the patient's individual advantage and is a corrupting influence in the relationship between the physician and society. Dignity for the individual patient is not easily achieved by assessing that person's worth against the yardstick of others' needs and wishes.
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  3.  16
    Dignity and death: a reply.S. A. Brooks - 1985 - Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (2):84-87.
    Some form of utilitarian approach can be discerned as underlying much current medical ethical decision-making. Criticisms of the practical effects of such an approach are not parried by asserting the fundamental strengths of utilitarianism as theory.
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  4. Archaeology and paleoanthropology. What is a human? : archaeological perspectives on the origins of humanness.Alison S. Brooks - 2011 - In Malcolm A. Jeeves (ed.), Rethinking human nature: a multidisciplinary approach. Grand Rapids, Mich.: William B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
     
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  5.  76
    A New Look at ‘Levels of Organization’ in Biology.Daniel S. Brooks - 2021 - Erkenntnis 86.
    Despite its pervasiveness, the concept of ‘levels of organization’ has received relatively little attention in its own right. I propose here an emerging approach that posits ‘levels’ as a fragmentary concept situated within an interest-relative matrix of operational usage within scientific practice. To this end I propose one important component of meaning, namely the epistemic goal motivating the term’s usage, which recovers a remarkably conserved and sufficiently unifying significance attributable to ‘levels’ across different instances of usage. This epistemic goal, to (...)
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  6.  56
    Aversive stimuli and loss in the mesocorticolimbic dopamine system.Andrew M. Brooks & Gregory S. Berns - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (6):281-286.
  7.  76
    The significance of levels of organization for scientific research: A heuristic approach.Daniel S. Brooks & Markus I. Eronen - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 68:34-41.
    The concept of 'levels of organization' has come under fire recently as being useless for scientific and philosophical purposes. In this paper, we show that 'levels' is actually a remarkably resilient and constructive conceptual tool that can be, and in fact is, used for a variety of purposes. To this effect, we articulate an account of the importance of the levels concept seen in light of its status as a major organizing concept of biology. We argue that the usefulness of (...)
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  8.  27
    Adaptive Design, Contingency, and Ontological Principles for Limited Beings.Daniel S. Brooks - 2021 - Philosophy of Science 88 (5):871-881.
    Transcendental arguments are not popular in contemporary philosophy of science. They are typically seen as antinaturalistic and incapable of providing explanatory force in accounting for natural phenomena. However, when viewed as providing intelligibility to complicated concepts used in scientific reasoning, a concrete and productive role is recoverable for transcendental reasoning in philosophy of science. In this article I argue that the resources, and possibly the need, for such a role are available within a thoroughly naturalistic framework garnered from the work (...)
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  9.  10
    Automatic correlation and calibration of noisy sensor readings using elite genetic algorithms.R. R. Brooks, S. S. Iyengar & J. Chen - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence 84 (1-2):339-354.
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  10.  13
    Themes of Consolidation in Eugene P. Odum’s Publicization of the Levels Concept in Ecology Textbooks, 1953–1975.Daniel S. Brooks - 2023 - Perspectives on Science 31 (4):437-464.
    Following its initial development in the 1920’s and 1930’s, by mid-century the concept of “levels of organization” began to disperse throughout the life science textbook literature. Among other early textbooks that first applied the levels concept, Eugene P. Odum’s usage of the notion in his textbook series Fundamentals of Ecology (and his later series Ecology) stands out due to the marked emphasis placed on the concept as a foundational, erotetically-oriented organizing principle. In this paper, I examine Odum’s efforts toward advocating (...)
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  11.  22
    Cardinal characteristics at κ in a small u ( κ ) model.A. D. Brooke-Taylor, V. Fischer, S. D. Friedman & D. C. Montoya - 2017 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 168 (1):37-49.
  12.  44
    Physiological Noise in Brainstem fMRI.Jonathan C. W. Brooks, Olivia K. Faull, Kyle T. S. Pattinson & Mark Jenkinson - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  13. In Defense of Levels: Layer Cakes and Guilt by Association.Daniel S. Brooks - 2017 - Biological Theory 12 (3).
    Despite the ubiquity of “levels of organization” in the scientific literature, a nascent “levels skepticism” now claims that the concept of levels is an inherently flawed, misleading, or otherwise inadequate notion for understanding how life scientists produce knowledge about the natural world. However, levels skeptics rely on the maligned “layer-cake” account of levels stemming from Oppenheim and Putnam’s defense of the unity of science for their critical commentary. Recourse to layer-cake levels is understandable, as it is arguably the default conception (...)
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  14.  6
    Educational leadership for ethics and social justice: views from the social sciences.Anthony H. Normore & Jeffrey S. Brooks (eds.) - 2014 - Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.
    A volume in Educational Leadership for Social Justice Series Editor Jeffrey S. Brooks, University of Idaho, Denise E. Armstrong, Brock University; Ira Bogotch, Florida Atlantic University; Sandra Harris, Lamar University; Whitney H. Sherman, Virginia Commonwealth University; George Theoharis, Syracuse University The purpose of this book is to examine and learn lessons from the way leadership for social justice is conceptualized in several disciplines and to consider how these lessons might improve the preparation and practice of school leaders. In particular, we (...)
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  15. Boyes-Braem, P., see Rosch et al. Boyle, R., 347 Boysen, S., 69 Bradshaw. G., see Langley et al.K. Brakke, S. Savage-Rumbaugh, D. Breedlove, S. Brem, A. Brooks, C. Brown, D. Brown, J. Brown, R. Bulmer & R. Burt - 2002 - In Peter Carruthers, Stephen Stich & Michael Siegal (eds.), The Cognitive Basis of Science. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  16.  21
    Conceptual heterogeneity and the legacy of organicism: thoughts on the life organic: Essay review of Erik Peterson, The life organic: the theoretical biology club and the roots of epigenetics, Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2016, 328 pp., $45.00.Daniel S. Brooks - 2019 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 41 (2):24.
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  17. Philosophical hermeneutics and assessment: Discussions of assessment for the sake of wholeness.S. G. Solloway & N. J. Brooks - 2004 - Journal of Thought 39 (2):43-60.
     
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  18.  60
    What do children know about the universal quantifiers all and each?Patricia J. Brooks & Martin D. S. Braine - 1996 - Cognition 60 (3):235-268.
    Children's comprehension of the universal quantifiers all and each was explored in a series of experiments using a picture selection task. The first experiment examined children's ability to restrict a quantifier to the noun phrase it modifies. The second and third experiments examined children's ability to associate collective, distributive, and exhaustive representations with sentences containing universal quantifiers. The collective representation corresponds to the "group" meaning (for All the flowers are in a vase all of the flowers are in the same (...)
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  19.  73
    The Ethics of Assisted Colonization in the Age of Anthropogenic Climate Change.G. A. Albrecht, C. Brooke, D. H. Bennett & S. T. Garnett - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (4):827-845.
    This paper examines an issue that is becoming increasingly relevant as the pressures of a warming planet, changing climate and changing ecosystems ramp up. The broad context for the paper is the intragenerational, intergenerational, and interspecies equity implications of changing the climate and the value orientations of adapting to such change. In addition, the need to stabilize the planetary climate by urgent mitigation of change factors is a foundational ethical assumption. In order to avoid further animal and plant extinctions, or (...)
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  20.  9
    Ovid as an Epic Poet.William S. Anderson & Brooks Otis - 1968 - American Journal of Philology 89 (1):93.
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  21.  40
    The role of models in the process of epistemic integration: the case of the Reichardt motion detector.Daniel S. Brooks - 2014 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 36 (1):90-113.
    Recent work on epistemic integration in the life sciences has emphasized the importance of integration in thinking about explanatory practice in science, particularly for articulating a robust alternative to reductionism and anti-reductionism. This paper analyzes the role of models in balancing the relative contributions of lower- and higher-level epistemic resources involved in this process. Integration between multiple disciplines proceeds by constructing a problem agenda (Love 2008), a set of interrelated problems that structures the problem space of a complex phenomenon that (...)
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  22.  45
    Predicting intermediate and multiple conclusions in propositional logic inference problems: Further evidence for a mental logic.Martin D. S. Braine, David P. O'Brien, Ira A. Noveck, Mark C. Samuels, R. Brooke Lea, Shalom M. Fisch & Yingrui Yang - 1995 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 124 (3):263.
  23.  8
    Is school enough? A critique of Langford's idea of education.S. B. Brooke-Norris - 1986 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 20 (2):227–233.
    S B Brooke-Norris; Is School Enough? A Critique of Langford’s Idea of Education, Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 20, Issue 2, 30 May 2006, Pages 227–.
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  24.  39
    Response to the review by Edward Slingerland.Review author[S.]: E. Bruce Brooks & A. Taeko Brooks - 2000 - Philosophy East and West 50 (1):141-146.
  25. P. Mehrotra, Sharad. Zeng, Daniel, Chen, Hsinchun. Thuraisingham, Bhavani.“A Two-Tier Intrusion Detection System for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks--A Friend Approach”. [REVIEW]S. A. Razak, S. Furnell & N. Brooke Clarke - 2006 - In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer Verlag. pp. 3975--590.
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  26. Church and Community in the South.Gordon W. Blackwell, Lee M. Brooks & S. H. Hobbs - 1949
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  27. Preparing the Next Generation of Oral Historians: An Anthology of Oral History Education.Lisa Krissoff Boehm, Michael Brooks, Patrick W. Carlton, Fran Chadwick, Margaret Smith Crocco, Jennifer Braithwait Darrow, Toby Daspit, Joseph DeFilippo, Susan Douglass, David King Dunaway, Sandy Eades, The Foxfire Fund, Amy S. Green, Ronald J. Grele, M. Gail Hickey, Cliff Kuhn, Erin McCarthy, Marjorie L. McLellan, Susan Moon, Charles Morrissey, John A. Neuenschwander, Rich Nixon, Irma M. Olmedo, Sandy Polishuk, Alessandro Portelli, Kimberly K. Porter, Troy Reeves, Donald A. Ritchie, Marie Scatena, David Sidwell, Ronald Simon, Alan Stein, Debra Sutphen, Kathryn Walbert, Glenn Whitman, John D. Willard & Linda P. Wood (eds.) - 2006 - Altamira Press.
    Preparing the Next Generation of Oral Historians is an invaluable resource to educators seeking to bring history alive for students at all levels. Filled with insightful reflections on teaching oral history, it offers practical suggestions for educators seeking to create curricula, engage students, gather community support, and meet educational standards. By the close of the book, readers will be able to successfully incorporate oral history projects in their own classrooms.
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  28.  53
    The Original Analects: Sayings of Confucius and His Successors.E. Bruce Brooks & A. Taeko Brooks - 1998 - Columbia University Press.
    This new translation presents the _Analects_ in a revolutionary new format that, for the first time in any language, distinguishes the original words of the Master from the later sayings of his disciples and their followers, enabling readers to experience China's most influential philosophical work in its true historical, social, and political context.
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  29.  19
    Business and professional ethics for directors, executives & accountants.Leonard J. Brooks - 2015 - Boston, MA: Cengage. Edited by Paul Dunn.
    In the wake of ethical scandals and close ethical scrutiny throughout business and the accounting professional today, Brooks/Dunn's BUSINESS & PROFESSIONAL ETHICS, 9E provides the ethical insights and strategies you need for corporate and professional success. Learn why ethical behavior is so important and how to recognize potential pitfalls that involve much more than memorizing rules. You master the skills to develop a corporate culture of integrity that maintains stakeholder support and enables directors and auditors to complete their jobs. You (...)
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  30. Views on Privacy. A Survey.Siân Brooke & Carissa Véliz - 2020 - In Siân Brooke & Carissa Véliz (eds.), Data, Privacy, and the Individual.
    The purpose of this survey was to gather individual’s attitudes and feelings towards privacy and the selling of data. A total (N) of 1,107 people responded to the survey. -/- Across continents, age, gender, and levels of education, people overwhelmingly think privacy is important. An impressive 82% of respondents deem privacy extremely or very important, and only 1% deem privacy unimportant. Similarly, 88% of participants either agree or strongly agree with the statement that ‘violations to the right to privacy are (...)
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  31. What Causes Racial Health Care Disparities? A Mixed-Methods Study Reveals Variability in How Health Care Providers Perceive Causal Attributions.Sarah E. Gollust, Brooke A. Cunningham, Barbara G. Bokhour, Howard S. Gordon, Charlene Pope, Somnath S. Saha, Dina M. Jones, Tam Do & Diana J. Burgess - 2018 - Inquiry: The Journal of Health Care Organization, Provision, and Financing 55:004695801876284.
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  32. How Is Perception Tractable?Tyler Brooke-Wilson - forthcoming - The Philosophical Review.
    Perception solves computationally demanding problems at lightning fast speed. It recovers sophisticated representations of the world from degraded inputs, often in a matter of milliseconds. Any theory of perception must be able to explain how this is possible; in other words, it must be able to explain perception's computational tractability. One of the few attempts to move toward such an explanation has been the information encapsulation hypothesis, which posits that perception can be fast because it keeps computational costs low by (...)
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  33.  14
    ???: Sayings of Confucius and His Successors.E. Bruce Brooks & A. Taeko Brooks - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This new translation presents the _Analects_ in a revolutionary new format that, for the first time in any language, distinguishes the original words of the Master from the later sayings of his disciples and their followers, enabling readers to experience China's most influential philosophical work in its true historical, social, and political context.
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  34. Daniel Dennett.Andrew Brook & Don Ross (eds.) - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Contemporary Philosophy in Focus will offer a series of introductory volumes to many of the dominant philosophical thinkers of the current age. Each volume will consist of newly commissioned essays that will cover all the major contributions of a preeminent philosopher in a systematic and accessible manner. Author of such groundbreaking and influential books as Consciousness Explained and Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Daniel C. Dennett has reached a huge general and professional audience that extends way beyond the confines of academic philosophy. (...)
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  35.  15
    The facilitation of problem solving by prior exposure to uncommon responses.Irving Maltzman, Lloyd O. Brooks, William Bogartz & Stanley S. Summers - 1958 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 56 (5):399.
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  36.  28
    Introduction: symposium on Brooke Ackerly’s Just Responsibility: A Human Rights Theory of Global Justice.Brooke A. Ackerly & Luis Cabrera - 2020 - Journal of Global Ethics 16 (1):95-98.
    ABSTRACTThis symposium brings together normative and empirical scholars in dialogue on Brooke Ackerly’s innovative and compelling recent monograph, Just Responsibility. Contributors discuss the book’s distinctive grounded normative theory methodology, its arguments for how individuals can take appropriate responsibility for global structural injustices, and its potential for practical impact.
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  37. Attitudinal Pleasure in Plato’s Philebus.Brooks A. Sommerville - 2019 - Phronesis 64 (3):247-276.
    This paper addresses two interpretive puzzles in Plato’s Philebus. The first concerns the claim, endorsed by both interlocutors, that the most godlike of lives is a pleasureless life of pure thinking. This appears to run afoul of the verdict of the earlier so-called ‘Choice of Lives’ argument that a mixed life is superior to either of its ‘pure’ rivals. A second concerns Socrates’ discussion of false pleasure, in which he appears to be guilty of rank equivocation. I argue that we (...)
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  38.  8
    Question of the Month: What Grounds or Justifies Morality?Nella Leontieva, Colin Brookes, Rose Dale, Lawrence Powell, Roger S. Haines, Carl Strasen, Guy Blythman, Andrew Keiller, Stylianos Smyrnaios & D. E. Tarkington - 2022 - Philosophy Now 153:57-59.
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  39. Thomas Reid: An Inquiry into the Human Mind on the Principles of Common Sense: A Critical Edition.Derek R. Brookes (ed.) - 1997 - University Park, Pa.: Edinburgh University Press.
    Thomas Reid (1710–96) is increasingly being seen as a highly significant philosopher and a central figure in the Scottish Enlightenment. This new edition of Reid's classic philosophical text in the philosophy of mind at long last gives scholars a complete, critically edited text of the Inquiry. The critical text is based on the fourth life-time edition (1785). A selection of related documents showing the development of Reid's thought, textual notes, bibliographical details of previous editions and a full introduction by the (...)
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  40.  50
    Why is There No Successful Whole Brain Simulation (Yet)?Klaus M. Stiefel & Daniel S. Brooks - 2019 - Biological Theory 14 (2):122-130.
    With the advent of powerful parallel computers, efforts have commenced to simulate complete mammalian brains. However, so far none of these efforts has produced outcomes close to explaining even the behavioral complexities of animals. In this article, we suggest four challenges that ground this shortcoming. First, we discuss the connection between hypothesis testing and simulations. Typically, efforts to simulate complete mammalian brains lack a clear hypothesis. Second, we treat complications related to a lack of parameter constraints for large-scale simulations. To (...)
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  41.  6
    The capabilities approach and political liberalism.Thom Brooks - 2015 - In Thom Brooks & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.), Rawls's Political Liberalism. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 139-173.
    John Rawls argues that A Theory of Justice suffers from a “serious problem”: the problem of political stability. His theory failed to account for the reality that citizens are deeply divided by reasonable and incompatible religious, philosophical, and moral comprehensive doctrines. This fact of reasonable pluralism may pose a threat to political stability over time and requires a solution. Rawls proposes the idea of an overlapping consensus among incompatible comprehensive doctrines through the use of public reasons in his later Political (...)
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  42.  13
    Book Reviews: James A. Shapiro: Evolution. A View from the 21st Century FT Press: Upper Saddle River, N.J., 2011, 272 pp., $ 31.49, ISBN 978-0-13-278093-3 Gerhard Schurz: Evolution in Natur und Kultur Spektrum: Heidelberg 2011, 436 + XII pp., € 39.95, ISBN 978-3-8274-2665-9. [REVIEW]Daniel S. Brooks - 2013 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 44 (1):235-245.
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  43. Universal Human Rights in a World of Difference.Brooke A. Ackerly - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    From the diverse work and often competing insights of women's human rights activists, Brooke Ackerly has written a feminist and a universal theory of human rights that bridges the relativists' concerns about universalizing from particulars and the activists' commitment to justice. Unlike universal theories that rely on shared commitments to divine authority or to an 'enlightened' way of reasoning, Ackerly's theory relies on rigorous methodological attention to difference and disagreement. She sets out human rights as at once a research (...)
     
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  44.  2
    The Practicality of the Theory of the Good:An Interpretative Reconstruction.Catus Brooks - 2024 - Athens Journal of Philosophy 3 (2):79-94.
    Plato’s political philosophy is for the sake of directing people towards the good life: this purpose is manifest from his theory of the Good. Nevertheless, Platonic scholarship has often criticized this theory for being impractical. Against this criticism, I argue that this theory has a practical aspect because of its strategic and methodological nature. This essay reconstructs Plato’s induction towards the absolute Good, through his justice theory and educational recommendations, with a view to the intended practicality of the theory of (...)
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  45.  10
    Preparing for Parenthood?: Gender, Aspirations, and the Reproduction of Labor Market Inequality.Brooke Conroy Bass - 2015 - Gender and Society 29 (3):362-385.
    This article explores how anticipations of parenthood differentially affect the career aspirations and choices of women and men who have not had children. Drawing from in-depth interviews conducted separately with 60 coupled young adults, I find that women in my sample were disproportionately likely to think and worry about future parenthood in their imagined work paths. Moreover, women were more likely than men to alter or downshift their present-day career goals in anticipation of the changes in preferences and responsibilities that (...)
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  46.  7
    Teacher subject identity in professional practice: teaching with a professional compass.Clare Brooks - 2016 - New York, NY: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    Teacher Subject Identity in Professional Practicefocuses on a key, but neglected, element of a teacher's identity: that of their subject expertise.Studies of teachers' professional practice have shown the importance of a teacher's identity and the extent to which it can affect their resilience, commitment and ultimately their effectiveness. Drawing upon narrative research undertaken with a range of teachers over a period of 14 years, the book explores how subject expertise can play a significant role in teacher identity, acting as a (...)
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  47.  38
    When Crises Hit Home: How U.S. Higher Education Leaders Navigate Values During Uncertain Times.Brooke Fisher Liu, Duli Shi, JungKyu Rhys Lim, Khairul Islam, America L. Edwards & Matthew Seeger - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 179 (2):353-368.
    Against the backdrop of a global pandemic, this study investigates how U.S. higher education leaders have centered their crisis management on values and guiding ethical principles. We conducted 55 in-depth interviews with leaders from 30 U.S. higher education institutions, with most leaders participating in two interviews. We found that crisis plans created prior to the COVID-19 pandemic were inadequate due to the long duration and highly uncertain nature of the crisis. Instead, higher education leaders applied guiding principles on the fly (...)
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  48. Human Rights Enjoyment in Theory and Activism.Brooke Ackerly - 2011 - Human Rights Review 12 (2):221-239.
    Despite being a seemingly straightforward moral concept (that all humans have certain rights by virtue of their humanity), human rights is a contested concept in theory and practice. Theorists debate (among other things) the meaning of “rights,” the priority of rights, whether collective rights are universal, the foundations of rights, and whether there are universal human rights at all. These debates are of relatively greater interest to theorists; however, a given meaning of “human rights” implies a corresponding theory of change (...)
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  49.  37
    Ontology, Causality and Mind.David Brooks - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (185):518-522.
    D. M. Armstrong is an eminent Australian philosopher whose work over many years has dealt with such subjects as: the nature of possibility, concepts of the particular and the general, causes and laws of nature, and the nature of human consciousness. This collection of essays explores the many facets of Armstrong's work, concentrating on his more recent interests. There are four sections to the book: possibility and identity, universals, laws and causality, and philosophy of mind. The contributors comprise an international (...)
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  50.  48
    Deliberative Democratic Theory for Building Global Civil Society: Designing a Virtual Community of Activists.Brooke A. Ackerly - 2006 - Contemporary Political Theory 5 (2):113-141.
    The questions of this article are: what can we learn from deliberative democratic theory, its critics, the practices of local deliberative communities, the needs of potential participants, and the experiences of virtual communities that would be useful in designing a technology-facilitated institution for global civil society that is deliberative and democratic in its values? And what is the appropriate design of such an online institution so that it will be attentive to the undemocratic forces enabled by power inequalities that can (...)
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