Results for 'Bruce J. Diamond'

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  1. Mindfulness Meditation Improves Cognition: Evidence of Brief Mental Training☆.Fadel Zeidan, Susan K. Johnson, Bruce J. Diamond, Zhanna David & Paula Goolkasian - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (2):597-605.
    Although research has found that long-term mindfulness meditation practice promotes executive functioning and the ability to sustain attention, the effects of brief mindfulness meditation training have not been fully explored. We examined whether brief meditation training affects cognition and mood when compared to an active control group. After four sessions of either meditation training or listening to a recorded book, participants with no prior meditation experience were assessed with measures of mood, verbal fluency, visual coding, and working memory. Both interventions (...)
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  2.  91
    Fundamental Dimensions of Environmental Risk.Bruce J. Ellis, Aurelio José Figueredo, Barbara H. Brumbach & Gabriel L. Schlomer - 2009 - Human Nature 20 (2):204-268.
    The current paper synthesizes theory and data from the field of life history (LH) evolution to advance a new developmental theory of variation in human LH strategies. The theory posits that clusters of correlated LH traits (e.g., timing of puberty, age at sexual debut and first birth, parental investment strategies) lie on a slow-to-fast continuum; that harshness (externally caused levels of morbidity-mortality) and unpredictability (spatial-temporal variation in harshness) are the most fundamental environmental influences on the evolution and development of LH (...)
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  3. Sex Differences in Sexual Fantasy: An Evolutionary Psychological Approach.Bruce J. Ellis & Donald Symons - forthcoming - Human Nature: A Critical Reader.
     
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  4.  6
    Vividness of Recollection is Supported by Eye Movements in Individuals with High, but Not Low Trait Autobiographical Memory.Michael J. Armson, Nicholas B. Diamond, Laryssa Levesque, Jennifer D. Ryan & Brian Levine - 2021 - Cognition 206:104487.
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  5.  31
    Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum.Edward J. Bergman & Nicholas J. Diamond - 2013 - American Journal of Bioethics 13 (4):3 - 10.
    (2013). Sickle Cell Disease and the “Difficult Patient” Conundrum. The American Journal of Bioethics: Vol. 13, No. 4, pp. 3-10. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2013.767954.
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  6. The New Testament World. Insights From Cultural Anthropology.Bruce J. Malina - 1981
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  7.  20
    Where Medicine Went Wrong: Rediscovering the Path to Complexity.Bruce J. West - 2006 - World Scientific.
    Where Medicine Went Wrong explores how the idea of an average value has been misapplied to medical phenomena, distorted understanding and lead to flawed medical ...
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  8. Social Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels.Bruce J. Malina & Richard L. Rohrbaug - 1992
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  9. Grounding Analog Computers.Bruce J. MacLennan - unknown
    In this commentary on Harnad's "Grounding Symbols in the Analog World with Neural Nets: A Hybrid Model," the issues of symbol grounding and analog (continuous) computation are separated, it is argued that symbol graounding is as important an issue for analog cognitive models as for digital (discrete) models. The similarities and differences between continuous and discrete computation are discussed, as well as the grounding of continuous representations. A continuous analog of the Chinese Room is presented.
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  10.  4
    Philosophia Naturalis Rediviva: Natural Philosophy for the Twenty-First Century.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (4):38--0.
    A revitalized practice of natural philosophy can help people to live a better life and promote a flourishing ecosystem. Such a philosophy is natural in two senses. First, it is natural by seeking to understand the whole of nature, including mental phenomena. Thus, a comprehensive natural philosophy should address the phenomena of sentience by embracing first- and second-person methods of investigation. Moreover, to expand our understanding of the world, natural philosophy should embrace a full panoply of explanations, similar to Aristotle’s (...)
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  11.  15
    Homeostasis and Gauss Statistics: Barriers to Understanding Natural Variability.Bruce J. West - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):403-408.
  12.  6
    The Correspondence of Michael Faraday. Volume 4: January 1849-October 1855, Letters 2146-3032. Michael Faraday, Frank A. J. L. James. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Hunt - 2000 - Isis 91 (4):792-794.
  13. Relationships Between Authentic Leadership, Moral Courage, and Ethical and Pro-Social Behaviors.Sean T. Hannah, Bruce J. Avolio & Fred O. Walumbwa - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (4):555-578.
    Organizations constitute morally-complex environments, requiring organization members to possess levels of moral courage sufficient to promote their ethical action, while refraining from unethical actions when faced with temptations or pressures. Using a sample drawn from a military context, we explored the antecedents and consequences of moral courage. Results from this four-month field study demonstrated that authentic leadership was positively related to followers’ displays of moral courage. Further, followers’ moral courage fully mediated the effects of authentic leadership on followers’ ethical and (...)
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  14.  55
    ?Words Lie in Our Way?Bruce J. MacLennan - 1994 - Minds and Machines 4 (4):421-37.
    The central claim of computationalism is generally taken to be that the brain is a computer, and that any computer implementing the appropriate program would ipso facto have a mind. In this paper I argue for the following propositions: (1) The central claim of computationalism is not about computers, a concept too imprecise for a scientific claim of this sort, but is about physical calculi (instantiated discrete formal systems). (2) In matters of formality, interpretability, and so forth, analog computation and (...)
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  15.  25
    Wealth and Poverty in the New Testament and Its World.Bruce J. Malina - 1987 - Interpretation 41 (4):354-367.
    Because terms like “wealth” and “poverty” derive their meaning from the normative cultural values within which they occur, any application of New Testament texts which fails to take cultural differences seriously can only misrepresent those texts.
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  16.  54
    Some Problems with Falsificationism in Economics.Bruce J. Caldwell - 1984 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 14 (4):489-495.
  17.  41
    Victorian Physics Meets Industrial Capitalism: Crosbie Smith and M. Norton Wise: Energy and Empire: A Biographical Study of Lord Kelvin, 2 Volume Set. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009, 892pp, £43.00 PB.Bruce J. Hunt - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):119-124.
    Victorian physics meets industrial capitalism Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-6 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9554-0 Authors Bruce J. Hunt, History Department, University of Texas at Austin, 1 University Station B7000, Austin, TX 78712-0220, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  18.  58
    Th E Elements of Consciousness and Their Neurodynnamic Correlates.Bruce J. MacLennan - 1996 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (5-6):409-424.
    The ‘hard problem’ is hard because of the special epistemological status of consciousness, which does not, however, preclude its scientific investigation. Data from phenomenologically trained observers can be combined with neurological investigations to establish the relation between experience and neurodynamics. Although experience cannot be reduced to physical phenomena, parallel phenomenological and neurological analyses allow the structure of experience to be related to the structure of the brain. Such an analysis suggests a theoretical entity, an elementary unit of experience, the protophenomenon, (...)
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  19. Social-Science Commentary on the Letters of Paul.Bruce J. Malina & John J. Pilch - 2006
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  20.  17
    Bruce J. Hunt, Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics From James Watt to Albert Einstein. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. Pp. X+182. ISBN 978-0-8018-9359-9. £10.50. [REVIEW]David Philip Miller - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Science 44 (4):609-610.
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  21. Paul Scott's Indian National Army: The Mark of the Warrior and the Raj Quartet.Bruce J. Degi - 1988 - Clio: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 18 (1):41-54.
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  22.  88
    The Investigation of Consciousness Through Phenomenology and Neuroscience.Bruce J. MacLennan - 1995 - In Joseph E. King & Karl H. Pribram (eds.), Proceedings Scale in Conscious Experience: Third Appalachian Conference on Behavioral Neurodynamics. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 23-43.
    The principal problem of consciousness is how brain processes cause subjective awareness. Since this problem involves subjectivity, ordinary scientific methods, applicable only to objective phenomena, cannot be used. Instead, by parallel application of phenomenological and scientific methods, we may establish a correspondence between the subjective and the objective. This correspondence is effected by the construction of a theoretical entity, essentially an elementary unit of consciousness, the intensity of which corresponds to electrochemical activity in a synapse. Dendritic networks correspond to causal (...)
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  23.  19
    William Sims Bainbridge. The Warcraft Civilization: Social Science in a Virtual World.Bruce J. Petrie - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):270-272.
    New branches of social science primarily engaging the “internet revolution” are appearing alongside mainstream research and journals such as Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking are providing social scientists with an outlet of peer-reviewed research. HPS scholars will find new methodologies and the relation of technology to social science of particularly interest. Social scientists are becoming increasingly interested in virtual realities (see Milburn (Spontaneous Generations 2008, 63)) and are declaring time spent “in-game” ethnographic research. William Sims Bainbridge boasts 2300+ hours (approximately (...)
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  24. "Practice Vs. Theory": The British Electrical Debate, 1888-1891.Bruce J. Hunt - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):341-355.
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  25. Targeting Children and Students: The Bold Assault by Woke Politicians, Teachers Unions, and Other Predators.Bruce J. Gevirtzman - 2022 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This text goes into depth on how the new woke books, ideologies, workshops, and seminars have charged—sometimes covertly—into the schools.
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  26.  8
    Bruce J. Hunt. Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics From James Watt to Albert Einstein. X + 182 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010. $20. [REVIEW]Suman Seth - 2011 - Isis 102 (4):782-783.
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  27.  45
    Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience: Progress and Potential.Yuko Munakata, B. J. Casey & Adele Diamond - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (3):122-128.
  28.  5
    We and They in Romans.Bruce J. Malina - 2002 - Hts Theological Studies 58 (2).
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  29.  58
    Bruce J. Hunt, Pursuing Power and Light: Technology and Physics From James Watt to Albert Einstein. [REVIEW]Sean F. Johnston - 2011 - Technology and Culture 52:403-404.
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  30.  18
    Evolution, Jung, and Theurgy: Their Role in Modern Neoplatonism.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2005 - In Robert M. Berchman & John F. Finamore (eds.), History of Platonism: Plato Redivivus. University Press of the South. pp. 305--322.
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  31. "How My Model Was Right": G. F. FitzGerald and the Reform of Maxwell's Theory.Bruce J. Hunt - 1987 - In Peter Achinstein & Robert Kargon (eds.), Kelvin's Baltimore Lectures and Modern Theoretical Physics. MIT Press.
     
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  32.  31
    Consciousness: Natural and Artificial.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):401-433.
    Based on results from evolutionary psychology, we discuss important functions that can be served by consciousness in autonomous robots. These include deliberately controlled action, conscious awareness, self-awareness, metacognition, and ego consciousness. We distinguish intrinsic intentionality from consciousness, but argue it is also important to understanding robot cognition. Finally, we explore the Hard Problem for robots from the perspective of the theory of protophenomena.
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  33.  23
    From Obscurity to Enigma: The Work of Oliver Heaviside, 1872-1889. Ido Yavetz.Bruce J. Hunt - 1996 - Isis 87 (2):379-380.
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  34.  12
    P. M. HARMAN , The Scientific Letters and Papers of James Clerk Maxwell. Volume I: 1846–1862. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. Pp. Xxviii+748. ISBN 0-521-25625-9. $195.00 . Volume II: 1862–1873. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995. Pp. Xxx+999. ISBN 0-521-25626-7. $285.00 . Volume III: 1873–1879. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002. Pp. Xxvii+932. ISBN 0-521-25627-5. £210.00, $315.00. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Hunt - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Science 38 (4):485-487.
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  35.  37
    Causes and Intentions.Bruce J. MacLennan - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):519-520.
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  36.  7
    Wieser, Hayek and Equilibrium Theory.Bruce J. Caldwell - 2002 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 12 (1).
    The paper challenges Joseph Salerno’s recent revisionist account in “The Place of Human Action in the Development of Economic Thought” of the relationship between Friedrich von Wieser and F.A. Hayek and of their views on equilibrium theory. The paper argues, contra Salerno, that Wieser was not a proponent of general equilibrium theory, so could not have influenced Hayek in the manner Salerno suggests; that there was not a concerted effort by Schumpeter, Wieser, Mayer, and Hayek to advocate general equilibrium theory (...)
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  37.  9
    Neurophenomenology and Neoplatonism.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2019 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 13 (1):51-67.
    The worldview emerging from neurophenomenology is consistent with the phenomenological insights obtained by Neoplatonic theurgical operations. For example, gods and daimons are phenomenologically equivalent to the archetypes and complexes investigated in Jungian psychology and explicated by evolutionary psychology. Jung understood the unconscious mind and physical reality to have a common root in an unus mundus. Parallel reductions in the phenomenological and neurological domain imply elementary constituents of consciousness associated with simple physical systems, that is, natural processes experienced both externally and (...)
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  38.  12
    Iwan Rhys Morus, William Robert Grove: Victorian Gentleman of Science. Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2017. Pp. 172. ISBN 978-1-78683-004-3. £16.99. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Hunt - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Science 51 (1):164-165.
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  39.  6
    Economic Methodology: A Bibliography with References to Works in the Philosophy of Science, 1860-1988. Deborah A. Redman. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Caldwell - 1991 - Isis 82 (2):422-422.
  40.  16
    La conscience, naturelle et artificielle.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):401-433.
    En s’appuyant sur les résultats de la psychologie évolutionniste, nous examinons les différentes fonctions importantes que puisse remplir la conscience dans les robots autonomes : action contrôlée, prise de conscience, conscience de soi, métacognition, conscience du moi. Nous distinguons l’intentionnalité intrinsèque de la conscience, mais soutenons également l’importance de la compréhension de la cognition robotique. Enfin, nous étudions le « Hard Problem » concernant les robots, c’est-à-dire la question de savoir s’ils peuvent connaître une prise de conscience subjective, dans une (...)
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  41.  24
    Color as a Material, Not an Optical, Property.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (1):37-38.
    For all animals, color is an indicator of the substance and state of objects, for which purpose reflectance is just one among many relevant optical properties. This broader meaning of color is confirmed by linguistic evidence. Rather than reducing color to a simple physical property, it is more realistic to embrace its full phenomenology.
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  42.  15
    The Role of Technology in Enhancing Low Resource Agriculture in Africa.Bruce J. Horwith, Phyllis N. Windle, Edward F. MacDonald, J. Kathy Parker, Allen M. Ruby & Chris Elfring - 1989 - Agriculture and Human Values 6 (3):68-84.
    Traditional forms of farming, herding, and fishing are remarkably adapted to African conditions but these traditional approaches are being overtaken by modern pressures, particularly population growth. According to a report published by the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA), a nonpartisan analytical support agency of the U. S. Congress, one promising way to help African farmers and herders would be for development assistance organizations to focus more attention on the various forms of low-resource agriculture that predominate in Africa.In keeping with OTA's (...)
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  43.  21
    (Position Paper for Symposium, \what is Computing?").Bruce J. MacLennan - unknown
    The central claim of computationalism is generally taken to be that the brain is a computer, and that any computer implementing the appropriate program would ipso facto have a mind. In this paper I argue for the following propositions: (1) The central claim of computationalism is not about computers, a concept too imprecise for a scienti c claim of this sort, but is about physical calculi (instantiated discrete formal systems). (2) In matters of formality, interpretability, and so forth, analog computation (...)
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  44.  9
    Bruce J. Dickson, Political Implications of Red Capitalists in China, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.Dingping Guo - 2003 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 4 (2):365-367.
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  45.  12
    Ken Beauchamp, History of Telegraphy: Its Technology and Application. Iee History of Technology Series, 26. London: Institution of Electrical Engineers, 2001. Pp. XXIII+413. Isbn 0-85296-792-6. £55.00, $95.00. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Hunt - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Science 35 (3):347-379.
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  46.  12
    Robert Fox;, Graeme Gooday . Physics in Oxford, 1839–1939: Laboratories, Learning, and College Life. Xix + 386 Pp., Illus., Tables. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. £60. [REVIEW]Bruce J. Hunt - 2006 - Isis 97 (4):767-768.
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  47.  34
    Artificial Intelligence and the Ideology of Capitalist Reconstruction.Bruce J. Berman - 1992 - AI and Society 6 (2):103-114.
    The growing interest in AI in advance capitalist societies can be understood not just in relation to its practial achievements, which remain modest, but also in its ideological role as a technological paradign for the reconstruction of capitalism. This is similar to the role played by scientific management during the second industrial revolution, circa 1880–1930, and involves the extension of the rationalization and routinization of labour to mental work. The conception of human intelligence and the emphasis on command and control (...)
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  48.  17
    Ludwig M. Lachmann: A Reminiscence.Bruce J. Caldwell - 1991 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 5 (1):139-144.
  49.  13
    Natürliches und künstliches Bewusstsein.Bruce J. MacLennan - 2007 - Synthesis Philosophica 22 (2):401-433.
    Ausgehend von Erkenntnissen der Evolutionären Psychologie untersucht dieser Beitrag wichtige Funktionen, die das Bewusstsein autonomer Roboter ausfüllen kann. Gemeint sind willkürlich kontrolliertes Handeln, bewusstes Wahrnehmen, Eigenwahrnehmung, Metaerkenntnis sowie Bewusstsein des eigenen Selbst. Der Verfasser unterscheidet zwischen intrinsischer Intentionalität und Bewusstsein, führt jedoch das Argument ins Feld, dass es ebenso wichtig sei, die Erkenntnisweise eines Roboters zu verstehen. Abschließend wird, aus dem Blickwinkel der Theorie von den Protophänomenen, das für Roboter „schwierige Problem” untersucht, d.h. die Frage, ob sie zu subjektiver Wahrnehmung (...)
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  50.  11
    A History of the Theories of Aether and Electricity. Edmund Whittaker.Bruce J. Hunt - 1988 - Isis 79 (3):515-516.
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