9 found
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  1.  7
    Moral Contagion Attitudes towards Potential Organ Transplants in British and Japanese Adults.Bruce M. Hood, Shoji Itajkura, Nathalia L. Gjersoe, Alison Byers & Katherine Donnelly - 2011 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 11 (3-4):269-286.
    In two studies we investigated whether people evidence an effect of moral contamination with respect to hypothetical organ transplants. This was achieved by asking participants to make judgements after presenting either positive or negative background information about the donor. In the first study, positive/negative background information had a corresponding effect on three judgements with attitudes to a heart transplant most pronounced by negative background information relative to good information and controls. This effect was replicated in the second study with both (...)
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  2.  6
    Implicit Voodoo: Electrodermal Activity Reveals a Susceptibility to Sympathetic Magic.Bruce M. Hood, Paul Bloom, Katherine Donnelly & Ute Leonards - 2010 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 10 (3-4):391-399.
    Although young children might be uncertain about the nature of certain representations, most modern adults would explicitly maintain that photographs have no ongoing physical connection the objects that they depict. We demonstrate here in three studies that destruction of a photograph of a sentimental object produces significantly more electrodermal activity than destruction of photographs of other control objects. This response is not attributable to anxiety about being observed whilst destroying the picture, nor is it entirely due to simple visual association (...)
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  3. Reorientation in the real world: The development of landmark use and integration in a natural environment.Alastair D. Smith, Iain D. Gilchrist, Kirsten Cater, Naimah Ikram, Kylie Nott & Bruce M. Hood - 2008 - Cognition 107 (3):1102-1111.
  4.  6
    Is Weaker Inhibition Associated with Supernatural Beliefs?Marjaana Lindeman, Tapani Riekki & Bruce M. Hood - 2011 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 11 (1-2):231-239.
    Adults identified as believers and sceptics based on self-reports from a supernatural beliefs scale were assessed on two measures of inhibition; the Stroop Color‐Word Task and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test. Both groups were of equal educational status and background. However, believers made significantly more errors than sceptics on all subscales of the WCST but were equivalent in performance on the Stroop measure. This finding is consistent with the idea that supernatural beliefs in adults are related to some types of (...)
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  5. On the adaptive advantage of always being right (even when one is not).Nathalia L. Gjersoe & Bruce M. Hood - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):521-522.
    We propose another positive illusion that fits with McKay & Dennett's (M&D's) criteria for adaptive misbeliefs. This illusion is pervasive in adult reasoning but we focus on its prevalence in children's developing theories. It is a strongly held conviction arising from normal functioning of the doxastic system that confers adaptive advantage on the individual.
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  6.  9
    For the Love of the Game: Implicit Arousal Following Symbolic Destruction of Sports Teams and Partners.Bruce M. Hood, Alia F. Ataya, Marcus R. Munafò & Angela S. Attwood - 2014 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 14 (1-2):117-123.
    The belief that damaging an object may harm the individual to which the object relates is common among adults. We explored whether arousal following the destruction of a photograph of a loved partner is greater than that following the destruction of a photograph of a stranger, and whether this response is greater than when a photograph representing a non-person sentimental attachment is destroyed, using a measure of skin conductance response. Long-term supporters of a football team, who were also in a (...)
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  7.  14
    The origins of object knowledge.Bruce M. Hood & Laurie R. Santos (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Do humans start life with the capacity to detect and mentally represent the objects around them? Or is our object knowledge instead derived only as the result of prolonged experience with the external world? Are we simply able to perceive objects by watching their actions in the world, or do we have to act on objects ourselves in order to learn about their behavior? Finally, do we come to know all aspects of objects in the same way, or are some (...)
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  8.  25
    Development of human spatial cognition in a three-dimensional world.Kate A. Longstaffe, Bruce M. Hood & Iain D. Gilchrist - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):556-556.
    Jeffery et al. accurately identify the importance of developing an understanding of spatial reference frames in a three-dimensional world. We examine human spatial cognition via a unique paradigm that investigates the role of saliency and adjusting reference frames. This includes work with adults, typically developing children, and children who develop non-typically (e.g., those with autism).
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  9.  17
    Object representation as a central issue in cognitive science.Laurie R. Santos & Bruce M. Hood - 2009 - In Bruce M. Hood & Laurie Santos (eds.), The Origins of Object Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--23.
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