Results for 'Bryan Baird'

992 found
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  1.  90
    The Transcendental Nature of Mind and World.Bryan Baird - 2006 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (3):381-398.
    Critics of John McDowell’s Mind and World have by and large failed to take sufficient notice of the transcendental context within whichMcDowell situates his work—a failure that has adversely affected their criticisms. In this paper, I make clear this transcendental context and show how it figures in the transcendental argument I see McDowell offering in Mind and World. Interpreting McDowell’s argument in this way, I further argue, helps to answer some of the most pressing objections to what he is doing (...)
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  2.  9
    Baird's IshmaelIshmael.J. Hillis Miller & James Baird - 1956 - Journal of the History of Ideas 17 (4):555.
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  3. The Psychology of Learning, Tr. From 'the Economy and Technique of Learning', by J.W. Baird.Ernst F. W. Meumann & John Wallace Baird - 1913
     
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  4. Thing Knowledge: A Philosophy of Scientific Instruments.Davis Baird - 2004 - University of California Press.
    Western philosophers have traditionally concentrated on theory as the means for expressing knowledge about a variety of phenomena. This absorbing book challenges this fundamental notion by showing how objects themselves, specifically scientific instruments, can express knowledge. As he considers numerous intriguing examples, Davis Baird gives us the tools to "read" the material products of science and technology and to understand their place in culture. Making a provocative and original challenge to our conception of knowledge itself, _Thing Knowledge _demands that (...)
     
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  5.  51
    Encapsulating Knowledge: The Direct Reading Spectrometer. [REVIEW]Davis Baird - 2000 - Foundations of Chemistry 2 (1):5-46.
    The direct reading emission spectrometer was developed during the1940s. By substituting photo-multiplier tubes and electronics forphotographic film spectrograms, the interpretation of special lineswith a densitometer was avoided. Instead, the instrument providedthe desired information concerning percentage concentration ofelements of interest directly on a dial. Such instruments `de-skill' the job of making such measurements. They do this by encapsulatingin the instrument the skills previously employed by the analyst,by `skilling' the instrument. This paper presents a history of thedevelopment of the Dow Chemical/Baird (...)
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  6.  14
    Induced Abortion: Epidemiological Aspects.D. Baird - 1975 - Journal of Medical Ethics 1 (3):122-126.
    Sir Dugald Baird sketches the history of abortion legislation in Great Britain from the beginning of the century. In his views the 1967 Abortion Act has been one of the most important and beneficial pieces of social legislation enacted in Britain in the last 100 years. It has, however, brought problems both of administration in the hospitals and to individual doctors and nurses, particularly when the patients are young single women and even schoolgirls. One of the consequences of the (...)
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  7.  28
    Work-Related Stress: An Ethical Perspective.Sue Bryan - 1996 - Business Ethics 5 (2):103–108.
    Work‐related stress is too often neglected by employers and rarely seen as an ethical issue by them. Its moral implications are explored here by the Senior Corporate Policy Manager at City and Inner London North Training and Enterprise Council, 80 Great Eastern Street, London EC2A 3DP. Sue Bryan, M.A., A.M.I.P.D., is also completing an Executive MBA degree at London Business School.
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  8.  37
    Was Aldo Leopold a Pragmatist? Rescuing Leopold From the Imagination of Bryan Norton.J. Baird Callicott, William Grove-Fanning, Jennifer Rowland, Daniel Baskind, Robert Heath French & Kerry Walker - 2009 - Environmental Values 18 (4):453 - 486.
    Aldo Leopold was a pragmatist in the vernacular sense of the word. Bryan G. Norton claims that Leopold was also heavily influenced by American Pragmatism, a formal school of philosophy. As evidence, Norton offers Leopold's misquotation of a definition of right (as truth) by political economist, A.T. Hadley, who was an admirer of the philosophy of William James. A search of Leopold's digitised literary remains reveals no other evidence that Leopold was directly influenced by any actual American Pragmatist or (...)
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  9.  48
    Convergence, Noninstrumental Value and the Semantics of 'Love': Reply to Norton.Katie McShane - 2008 - Environmental Values 17 (1):15-21.
    Bryan Norton argues that my recent critique of anthropocentrism presupposes J. Baird Callicott's philosophically problematic distinction between intrinsic and instrumental value and that the problems that it raises for anthropocentrism in general are in fact only problems for strong anthropocentrism. I argue, first, that my own view does not presuppose Callicott's distinction, nor any claims about instrumental value, and second, that the problems it raises for anthropocentrism apply to weak and strong anthropocentrism alike.
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  10.  27
    J. Baird Callicott: In Defense of the Land Ethic. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (2):181-186.
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  11.  40
    Back to the Future: Autobiographical Planning and the Functionality of Mind-Wandering.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1604-1611.
    Given that as much as half of human thought arises in a stimulus independent fashion, it would seem unlikely that such thoughts would play no functional role in our lives. However, evidence linking the mind-wandering state to performance decrement has led to the notion that mind-wandering primarily represents a form of cognitive failure. Based on previous work showing a prospective bias to mind-wandering, the current study explores the hypothesis that one potential function of spontaneous thought is to plan and anticipate (...)
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  12. Discerning Intentions in Dynamic Human Action.Dare A. Baldwin & Jodie A. Baird - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (4):171-178.
  13. Executive Attention and Metacognitive Regulation.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Jodie A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):288-307.
    Metacognition refers to any knowledge or cognitive process that monitors or controls cognition. We highlight similarities between metacognitive and executive control functions, and ask how these processes might be implemented in the human brain. A review of brain imaging studies reveals a circuitry of attentional networks involved in these control processes, with its source located in midfrontal areas. These areas are active during conflict resolution, error correction, and emotional regulation. A developmental approach to the organization of the anatomy involved in (...)
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  14.  12
    Unnoticed Intrusions: Dissociations of Meta-Consciousness in Thought Suppression.Benjamin Baird, Jonathan Smallwood, Daniel Jf Fishman, Michael D. Mrazek & Jonathan W. Schooler - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (3):1003-1012.
    The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals’ explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, more likely (...)
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  15. Discovering the Nanoscale.Cyrus Cm Mody, Davis Baird, Alfred Nordmann & Joachim Schummer - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios.
     
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  16.  20
    Making Sense of Human Behavior: Action Parsing and Intentional Inference.Jodie A. Baird & Dare A. Baldwin - 2001 - In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 193--206.
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  17.  37
    Corporate Social and Financial Performance Re-Examined: Industry Effects in a Linear Mixed Model Analysis. [REVIEW]Philip L. Baird, Pinar Celikkol Geylani & Jeffrey A. Roberts - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 109 (3):367-388.
    In this research, we shed new light on the empirical link between corporate social performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) via the application of empirical models and methods new to the CSP–CFP literature. Applying advanced financial models to a uniquely constructed panel dataset, we demonstrate that a significant overall CSP–CFP relationship exists and that this relationship is, in part, conditioned on firms’ industry-specific context. To accommodate the estimation of time-invariant industry and industry-interaction effects, we estimate linear mixed models in (...)
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  18.  18
    Probing the History of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy.Davis Baird & Ashley Shew - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 145--156.
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  19.  32
    Likeness and Likelihood in the Presocratics and Plato.Jenny Bryan - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Greek word eoikos can be translated in various ways. It can be used to describe similarity, plausibility or even suitability. This book explores the philosophical exploitation of its multiple meanings by three philosophers, Xenophanes, Parmenides and Plato. It offers new interpretations of the way that each employs the term to describe the status of their philosophy, tracing the development of this philosophical use of eoikos from the fallibilism of Xenophanes through the deceptive cosmology of Parmenides to Plato's Timaeus. The (...)
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  20.  42
    Why We Need to Understand Derivatives in Relation to Money: A Reply to Tony Norfield.Dick Bryan & Michael Rafferty - 2012 - Historical Materialism 20 (3):97-109.
    The issue of the relation between financial derivatives, money and crisis remains one of on-going debate within Marxism. This paper takes issue with a recent contribution to this debate by Tony Norfield. We contend that the relationship between financial derivatives and the concept of ‘money’ needs to be framed in the context of a changing understanding of liquidity, and that issues of crisis and renewed accumulation are better understood though this path than via debates about speculative versus real investment and (...)
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  21. Scientific Instruments, Scientific Progress and the Cyclotron.Davis Baird & Thomas Faust - 1990 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41 (2):147-175.
  22. Exploratory Factor Analysis, Instruments and the Logic of Discovery.Davis Baird - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (3):319-337.
  23. "Aequanimitas" Redux: William Osler on Detached Concern Versus Humanistic Empathy.Charles S. Bryan - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (3):384-392.
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  24.  21
    HIV Criminal Prosecutions and Public Health: An Examination of the Empirical Research.Patrick O'Byrne, Alyssa Bryan & Marie Roy - 2013 - Medical Humanities 39 (2):85-90.
    Objectives To review the extant literature on HIV criminal laws, and to determine the impact of these laws on public health practice.Methods The available research on this topic was obtained and reviewed.Results The extant literature addressed three main topics: people's awareness of HIV criminal laws; people's perceptions of HIV criminal laws; and the potential effects of HIV criminal laws on people's sexual, HIV-status disclosure and healthcare-seeking practices. Within these categories, the literature demonstrated a high level of awareness of HIV criminal (...)
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  25.  19
    Interestingness—A Neglected Variable in Discourse Processing.Suzanne Hidi & William Baird - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (2):179-194.
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  26.  65
    Whose Kenosis? An Analysis of Levinas, Derrida, and Vattimo on God's Self-Emptying and the Secularization of the West.Marie L. Baird - 2007 - Heythrop Journal 48 (3):423–437.
  27.  16
    Analytical Chemistry and the ‘Big’ Scientific Instrumentation Revolution.Davis Baird - 1993 - Annals of Science 50 (3):267-290.
    By a close examination of changes in analytical chemistry between the years 1920 and 1950, I document the case that natural science has undergone and continues to undergo a major revolution. The central feature of this transformation is the rise in importance of scientific instrumentation. Prior to 1920, analytical chemists determined the chemical constitution of some unknown by treating it with a series of known compounds and observing the kind of reactions it underwent. After 1950, analytical chemists determined the chemical (...)
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  28.  21
    Preparation for Professional Self-Regulation.John M. Braxton & Leonard L. Baird - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (4):593-610.
    This article asserts that graduate study should include preparation for participation in the process of self-regulation to assure the responsible conduct of research in the scientific community. This article outlines the various ways in which doctoral study can incorporate such preparation. These suggested ways include the inculcation of general attitudes and values about professional self-regulation, various ways doctoral study can be configured so that future scientists are prepared to participate in the deterrence, detection and sanctioning of scientific wrongdoing. The stages (...)
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  29.  31
    Why Trade?Davis Baird & Mark S. Cohen - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (2):231-254.
    According to Peter Galison , science has a highly fractionated structure with multiple sub-sub-disciplines, each with its own agenda. Cooperative trading between groups is necessary for most scientific work to move forward, and it is this trading that preserves the stability of science. We argue that it is not trading per se, but trading in a gift economy that guarantees stability. We support our claims with an examination of contemporary work on magnetic resonance imaging instrumentation. Specifically, we consider: How a (...)
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  30.  41
    The Development of the Intention Concept: From the Observable World to the Unobservable Mind.Jodie A. Baird & Janet Wilde Astington - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press.
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  31.  37
    Identification of Genetic Susceptibility to Common Diseases: The Case for Regulation.Patricia Baird - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (4):516-528.
  32.  37
    Money in Capitalism or Capitalist Money?Dick Bryan & Michael Rafferty - 2006 - Historical Materialism 14 (1):75-95.
  33.  34
    Lineage, Sex, and Wealth as Moderators of Kin Investment.Gregory D. Webster, Angela Bryan, Charles B. Crawford, Lisa McCarthy & Brandy H. Cohen - 2008 - Human Nature 19 (2):189-210.
    Supporting Hamilton’s inclusive fitness theory, archival analyses of inheritance patterns in wills have revealed that people invest more of their estates in kin of closer genetic relatedness. Recent classroom experiments have shown that this genetic relatedness effect is stronger for relatives of direct lineage (children, grandchildren) than for relatives of collateral lineage (siblings, nieces, nephews). In the present research, multilevel modeling of more than 1,000 British Columbian wills revealed a positive effect of genetic relatedness on proportions of estates allocated to (...)
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  34. Awareness and Metacognition.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Jodie A. Baird & Michael I. Posner - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):324-326.
    Kentridge and Heywood (this issue) extend the concept of metacognition to include unconscious processes. We acknowledge the possible contribution of unconscious processes, but favor a central role of awareness in metacognition. We welcome Shimamura's (this issue) extension of the concept of metacognitive regulation to include aspects of working memory, and its relation to executive attention.
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  35.  37
    Thing Knowledge - Function and Truth.Davis Baird - 2002 - Techne 6 (2):96-105.
  36. Reviews : Stephen Bann, Romanticism and the Rise of History. New York: Twayne Publishers, 1995. Ix + 189 Pp. [REVIEW]Andrew Baird - 1996 - History of the Human Sciences 9 (3):131-140.
  37.  18
    The Ethics of Infection Control: Philosophical Frameworks.Charles S. Bryan, Theresa J. Call & Kevin C. Elliott - 2007 - Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology 28 (9):1077-1084.
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  38.  34
    Beyond the Physician Charter: Reflections on Medical Professionalism.Herbert M. Swick, Charles S. Bryan & Lawrence D. Longo - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (2):263-275.
  39.  21
    Hans Kelsen's Concept of Normative Imputation.Peter Langford & Ian Bryan - 2013 - Ratio Juris 26 (1):85-110.
    This article compares and contrasts Hans Kelsen's concept of normative imputation, in the Lecture Course of 1926, with the concepts of peripheral and central imputation, in The Pure Theory of Law of 1934. In this process, a wider and more significant distinction is revealed within the development of Hans Kelsen's theory of positive law. This distinction represents a shift in Kelsen's philosophical allegiance from the Neo-Kantianism of Windelband to that of Cohen. This, in turn, reflects a broader disengagement of The (...)
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  40.  28
    Once Upon a Time: A Grimm Approach to Character Education.Laura Bryan - 2005 - Journal of Social Studies Research 29 (1):3-6.
  41.  14
    The Politics of Community.Dominic Bryan - 2006 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 9 (4):603-617.
  42. Living in the Shadow of BRCA.Elizabeth Bryan - 2007 - Clinical Ethics 2 (3):110-112.
  43.  8
    The End of Pure Science: Science Policy From Bayh-Dole to the NNI.D. Baird - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 217.
  44.  79
    The Fisher/Pearson Chi-Squared Controversy: A Turning Point for Inductive Inference.Davis Baird - 1983 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 34 (2):105-118.
  45.  69
    G. K. Chesterton by Michael Hurley.David Baird - 2013 - The Chesterton Review 39 (1/2):142-146.
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  46.  23
    Holding Personal Information in a Disease-Specific Register: The Perspectives of People with Multiple Sclerosis and Professionals on Consent and Access.W. Baird, R. Jackson, H. Ford, N. Evangelou, M. Busby, P. Bull & J. Zajicek - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (2):92-96.
    Objective: To determine the views of people with multiple sclerosis (MS) and professionals in relation to confidentiality, consent and access to data within a proposed MS register in the UK. Design: Qualitative study using focus groups (10) and interviews (13). Setting: England and Northern Ireland. Participants: 68 people with MS, neurologists, MS nurses, health services management professionals, researchers, representatives from pharmaceutical companies and social care professionals. Results: People with MS expressed open and altruistic views towards the use of their personal (...)
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  47.  76
    A Feminist Defense of the Unity of the Virtues.Ben Bryan - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (3):693-702.
    In The Impossibility of Perfection, Michael Slote tries to show that the traditional Aristotelian doctrine of the unity of the virtues is mistaken. His argumentative strategy is to provide counterexamples to this doctrine, by showing that there are what he calls “partial virtues”—pairs of virtues that conflict with one another but both of which are ethically indispensible. Slote offers two lines of argument for the existence of partial virtues. The first is an argument for the partiality of a particular pair (...)
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  48.  36
    The Olivieri Case: Lessons for Australasia. [REVIEW]Jocelyn Downie, Jon Thompson, Patricia Baird & Susan Dodds - 2005 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 2 (2):90-105.
    The case of Dr. Nancy Olivieri, the Hospital for Sick Children, the University of Toronto, and Apotex Inc. vividly illustrates many of the issues central to contemporary health research and the safety of research participants. First, it exemplifies the financial and health stakes in such research. Second, it shows deficits in the ways in which research is governed. Finally, it was and remains relevant not only in Toronto but in communities across Canada and well beyond its borders because, absent appropriate (...)
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  49.  19
    Attitudes of Women of Reproductive Age to in Vitro Fertilization and Embryo Research.Elizabeth M. Alder, David T. Baird, Martin M. Lees, Dennis W. Lincoln, Nancy B. Loudon & Allan A. Templeton - 1986 - Journal of Biosocial Science 18 (2):155-167.
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  50.  24
    Five Theses on Instrumental Realism.Davis Baird - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:165 - 173.
    I present five theses to characterize and argue for "Instrumental Realism," a realism wedded to what we do with instruments, and not what our theories say: The Independence Thesis: Questions about realism are independent of questions about meaning. The Intervening Thesis: Our ability to produce consistent effects with our instruments provides one guarantee that we are engaged with the real world. The Historical Thesis: If the descriptions of what we know and do are of something real, then it will be (...)
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