Results for 'Bryan G. Wiebe'

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Bryan G. Wiebe
University of Saskatchewan
  1. Unavoidable Blameworthiness.Bryan G. Wiebe - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:275-283.
    The Kantian ethical position, especially as represented in Alan Donagan, rejects the possibility of unavoidable blameworthiness. Donagan also holds that morality is learned by participation. But consider: there must be some first instance of an agent’s being held blameworthy. To hold the agent blameworthy in that instance supposes that the agent could have known what morality required so as to be able to avoid blameworthiness. But before experiencing blameworthiness the agent can have no real understanding of the significance of morality’s (...)
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  2.  58
    Sustainability : A Philosophy of Adaptive Ecosystem Management.Bryan G. Norton - 2005 - University of Chicago Press.
    Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-226-595 19-6 (cloth : alk. paper) . A . 1. Environmental policy. 2. Environmental management — Decision making. 3. Interdisciplinary research. 4. Communication in science. 5. Sustainable ...
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  3. Toward Unity Among Environmentalists.Bryan G. Norton - 1991 - Oxford University Press.
    The focus of Norton's book is the distinction between objectives and values in developing environmental policies. Norton argues that environmentalism is a coalition of many groups working toward common objectives, but unlike other social action movements the environmental coalition does not have shared moral principles.
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  4. Environmental Ethics and Weak Anthropocentrism.Bryan G. Norton - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (2):131-148.
    The assumption that environmental ethics must be nonanthropocentric in order to be adequate is mistaken. There are two forms of anthropocentrism, weak and strong, and weak anthropocentrism is adequate to support an environmental ethic. Environmental ethics is, however, distinctive vis-a-vis standard British and American ethical systems because, in order to be adequate, it must be nonindividualistic.Environmental ethics involves decisions on two levels, one kind of which differs from usual decisions affecting individual fairness while the other does not. The latter, called (...)
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  5.  18
    Environmental Ethics and Weak Anthropocentrism.Bryan G. Norton - 1984 - Environmental Ethics 6 (2):131-148.
    The assumption that environmental ethics must be nonanthropocentric in order to be adequate is mistaken. There are two forms of anthropocentrism, weak and strong, and weak anthropocentrism is adequate to support an environmental ethic. Environmental ethics is, however, distinctive vis-a-vis standard British and American ethical systems because, in order to be adequate, it must be nonindividualistic.Environmental ethics involves decisions on two levels, one kind of which differs from usual decisions affecting individual fairness while the other does not. The latter, called (...)
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  6. Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology.Bryan G. Norton - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines from a multidisciplinary viewpoint the question of what we mean - what we should mean - by setting sustainability as a goal for environmental management. The author, trained as a philosopher of science and language, explores ways to break down the disciplinary barriers to communication and deliberation about environment policy, and to integrate science and evaluations into a more comprehensive environmental policy. Choosing sustainability as the keystone concept of environmental policy, the author explores what we can learn (...)
     
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  7.  83
    Epistemology and Environmental Values.Bryan G. Norton - 1992 - The Monist 75 (2):208-226.
    Gifford Pinchot, the first official U.S. Forester, wrote: “There are just two things on this material earth—people and natural resources.” This philosophy apparently implies that all things other than people have only instrumental value. Environmentalists, even professional foresters, today believe that Gifford Pinchot’s system of forest management is both theoretically and practically inadequate. A difficult, and central, problem in the theory of environmental management is therefore to characterize exactly how Pinchot went wrong. If we knew that, we would be well (...)
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  8.  68
    Why I Am Not a Nonanthropocentrist: Callicott and the Failure of Monistic Inherentism.Bryan G. Norton - 1995 - Environmental Ethics 17 (4):341-358.
    I contrast two roles for environmental philosophers—“applied philosophy” and “practical philosophy”—and show that the strategy of applied philosophy encourages an axiological and monistic approach to theory building. I argue that the mission of applied philosophy, and the monistic theory defended by J. Baird Callicott, in particular, tends to separate philosophers and their problems from real management issues because applied philosophers and moral monists insist that theoretical exploration occurs independent of, and prior to, applications in particular situations. This separation of theory (...)
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  9.  58
    Conservation and Preservation: A Conceptual Rehabilitation.Bryan G. Norton - 1986 - Environmental Ethics 8 (3):195-220.
    Philosophers have paid little attention to the distinction between conservation and preservation, apparently because they have accepted John Passmore’s suggestion that conservationism is an expression of anthropocentric motives and that “true” preservationism is an expression of nonanthropocentric motives. Philosophers have therefore concentrated their efforts on this distinction in motives. This reduction,however, is insensitive to important nuances of environmentalist objectives: there are a wide variety of human reasons for preserving natural ecosystems and wild species. Preservationist policies represent a concem to protect (...)
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  10.  48
    Environmental Ethics and Nonhuman Rights.Bryan G. Norton - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (1):17-36.
    If environmentalists are to combat effectively the continuing environmental decay resulting from more and more intense human exploitation of nature, they need a plausible and coherent rationale for preserving sensitive areas and other species. This need is illustrated by reference to two examples of controversies concerning large public projects in wilderness areas. Analyses of costs and benefits to presently existing human beings and the utilitarian theory which supports such theories are inadequate to provide such a rationale, as other writers have (...)
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  11.  31
    The Ways of Wickedness: Analyzing Messiness with Messy Tools. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 2012 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (4):447-465.
    The revelatory paper, “Dilemmas in the General Theory of Planning,” by Rittel and Webber (Policy Sci 4:155–169, 1973 ) has had great impact because it provides one example of an emergent consensus across many disciplines. Many “problems,” as addressed in real-world situations, involve elements that exceed the complexity of any known or hoped-for model, or are “wicked.” Many who encounter this work for the first time find that their concept of wicked problems aptly describes many environmental disputes. For those frustrated (...)
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  12.  75
    Environmental Values: A Place-Based Approach.Bryan G. Norton & Bruce Hannon - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (3):227-245.
    Several recent authors have recommended that “sense of place” should become an important concept in our evaluation of environmental policies. In this paper, we explore aspects of this concept, arguing that it may provide the basis for a new, “place-based” approach to environmental values. This approach is based on an empirical hypothesis that place orientation is a feature of all people’s experience of their environment. We argue that place orientation requires, in addition to a home perspective, a sense of the (...)
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  13.  96
    Beyond Positivist Ecology: Toward an Integrated Ecological Ethics.Bryan G. Norton - 2008 - Science and Engineering Ethics 14 (4):581-592.
    A post-positivist understanding of ecological science and the call for an “ecological ethic” indicate the need for a radically new approach to evaluating environmental change. The positivist view of science cannot capture the essence of environmental sciences because the recent work of “reflexive” ecological modelers shows that this requires a reconceptualization of the way in which values and ecological models interact in scientific process. Reflexive modelers are ecological modelers who believe it is appropriate for ecologists to examine the motives for (...)
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  14.  22
    What Leopold Learned From Darwin and Hadley: Comment on Callicott Et Al.Bryan G. Norton - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (1):7 - 16.
    This comment explains why the claims of Callicott et al. in their paper 'Was Aldo Leopold a Pragmatist?' (Environmental Values 18 (2009): 453—486) are incorrect. The arguments they make are shown to be based upon several misunderstandings. In addition, important contributions by Aldo Leopold to the philosophy of conservation are missed.
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  15.  24
    Convergence, Noninstrumental Value and the Semantics of 'Love': Comment on McShane.Bryan G. Norton - 2008 - Environmental Values 17 (1):5 - 14.
    Katie McShane, while accepting my 'convergence hypothesis' (the view that anthropocentrists and nonanthropocentrists will tend to propose similar policies), argues that nonanthropocentrism is nevertheless superior because it allows conservationists to have a deeper emotional commitment to natural objects than can anthropocentrists. I question this reasoning on two bases. First, McShane assumes a philosophically tendentious distinction between intrinsic and instrumental value – a distinction that presupposes a dualistic worldview. Second, I question why McShane believes anthropocentrists – weak anthropocentrists, that is – (...)
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  16.  7
    Environmental Ethics and Nonhuman Rights.Bryan G. Norton - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (1):17-36.
    If environmentalists are to combat effectively the continuing environmental decay resulting from more and more intense human exploitation of nature, they need a plausible and coherent rationale for preserving sensitive areas and other species. This need is illustrated by reference to two examples of controversies concerning large public projects in wilderness areas. Analyses of costs and benefits to presently existing human beings and the utilitarian theory which supports such theories are inadequate to provide such a rationale, as other writers have (...)
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  17.  17
    Convergence and Contextualism: Some Clarifications and a Reply to Steverson.Bryan G. Norton - 2009 - In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Environmental Ethics. Temple University Press. pp. 87-100.
    The convergence hypothesis asserts that, if one takes the full range of human values—present and future—into account, one will choose a set of policies that can also be accepted by an advocate of a consistent and reasonable nonanthropocentrism. Brian Steverson has attacked this hypothesis from a surprising direction. He attributes to deep ecologists the position that nonhuman nature has intrinsic value, interprets this position to mean that no species could ever be allowed to go extinct, and proceeds to show that (...)
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  18.  60
    Environmental Ethics and the Rights of Future Generations.Bryan G. Norton - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (4):319-337.
    Do appeals to rights and/or interests of the members of future generations provide an adequate basis for an environmental ethic? Assuming that rights and interests are, semantically, individualistic concepts, I present an argument following Derek Parfit which shows that a policy of depletion may harm no existing individuals, present or future. Although this argument has, initially, an air of paradox, I showthat the argument has two intuitive analogues-the problem ofgenerating a morally justified and environmentally sound population policy and the problem (...)
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  19. Linguistic Frameworks and Ontology: A Reexamination of Carnap’s Metaphilosophy.Bryan G. Norton - 1977 - Mouton Publishers.
     
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  20.  24
    Convergence and Contextualism: Some Clarifications and a Reply to Steverson.Bryan G. Norton - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):87-100.
    The convergence hypothesis asserts that, if one takes the full range of human values—present and future—into account, one will choose a set of policies that can also be accepted by an advocate of a consistent and reasonable nonanthropocentrism. Brian Steverson has attacked this hypothesis from a surprising direction. He attributes to deep ecologists the position that nonhuman nature has intrinsic value, interprets this position to mean that no species could ever be allowed to go extinct, and proceeds to show that (...)
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  21.  6
    Convergence and Contextualism: Some Clarifications and a Reply to Steverson.Bryan G. Norton - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (1):87-100.
    The convergence hypothesis asserts that, if one takes the full range of human values—present and future—into account, one will choose a set of policies that can also be accepted by an advocate of a consistent and reasonable nonanthropocentrism. Brian Steverson has attacked this hypothesis from a surprising direction. He attributes to deep ecologists the position that nonhuman nature has intrinsic value, interprets this position to mean that no species could ever be allowed to go extinct, and proceeds to show that (...)
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  22. Convergence and Divergence: The Convergence Hypothesis Twenty Years Later.Bryan G. Norton - 2009 - In Ben A. Minteer (ed.), Nature in Common?: Environmental Ethics and the Contested Foundations of Environmental Policy. Temple University Press.
     
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  23.  10
    Environmental Values: A Place-Based Approach.Bryan G. Norton & Bruce Hannon - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (3):227-245.
    Several recent authors have recommended that “sense of place” should become an important concept in our evaluation of environmental policies. In this paper, we explore aspects of this concept, arguing that it may provide the basis for a new, “place-based” approach to environmental values. This approach is based on an empirical hypothesis that place orientation is a feature of all people’s experience of their environment. We argue that place orientation requires, in addition to a home perspective, a sense of the (...)
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  24.  54
    A Reply to My Critics.Bryan G. Norton - 2007 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (4):387-405.
    Critics of my book, Sustainability, have raised many objections which are addressed. In general, I emphasize that the book is an integrative work; it must be long and complex beause it attempts a comprehensive treatment of problems of communication, of evaluation, and of management action in environmental discourse. I explain that I depend upon the pragmatists and on work in the pragmatics of language because the current language of environmental policy discourse is inadequate to allow deliberative processes that can reach (...)
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  25.  12
    Environmental Values: An Appreciation.Bryan G. Norton - 2008 - Environmental Values 17 (2):303-306.
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  26.  51
    On the Metatheoretical Nature of Carnap's Philosophy.Bryan G. Norton - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (1):65-85.
    Rudolf Carnap defended two quite different critiques of traditional philosophy: in addition to the much discussed verifiability criterion, he also proposed a critique based upon "formalizability." Formalizability rests upon the principle of tolerance plus an acceptance of a linguistic methodology. Standard interpreters of Carnap (e.g., [7] and [8]) assume that the principle of tolerance (and, hence, formalizability) gains its argumentative support from verificationism. Carnap, in fact, kept the two critiques separate and independent. Indeed, verificationism is even, in spirit, inconsistent with (...)
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  27.  82
    Should Environmentalists Be Organicists?Bryan G. Norton - 1993 - Topoi 12 (1):21-30.
  28.  28
    Environmental Ethics and the Rights of Future Generations.Bryan G. Norton - 1982 - Environmental Ethics 4 (4):319-337.
    Do appeals to rights and/or interests of the members of future generations provide an adequate basis for an environmental ethic? Assuming that rights and interests are, semantically, individualistic concepts, I present an argument following Derek Parfit which shows that a policy of depletion may harm no existing individuals, present or future. Although this argument has, initially, an air of paradox, I showthat the argument has two intuitive analogues-the problem ofgenerating a morally justified and environmentally sound population policy and the problem (...)
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  29.  26
    Clearing the Way for a Life-Centered Ethic for Business.Bryan G. Norton - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2:159-165.
    I agree with much of Freeman and Reichart’s paper; so, by way of comment, I will simply supplement his argument in two ways. First, agreeing with their conclusion that we can, and should, re-direct business toward environmental protection without embracing a nonanthropocentric ethic, I will show that the pre-occupation of recent and contemporary environmental ethics with the anthropocentrism/non-anthropocentrism debate is avoidable. It rests on a misinterpretation of possible moral responses to the arrogance with which Western science, technology, and culture has (...)
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  30. Ethics on the Ark Zoos, Animal Welfare, and Wildlife Conservation.Bryan G. Norton - 1995
     
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  31.  30
    Thoreau’s Insect Analogies.Bryan G. Norton - 1991 - Environmental Ethics 13 (3):235-251.
    Thoreau believed that we can learn how to live by observing nature, a view that appeals to modem environmentalists. This doctrine is exemplified in Thoreau’s use of insect analogies to illustrate how humans, like butterflies, can be transformed from the “larval” stage, which relates to the physical world through consumption, to a “perfect” state in which consumption is less important, and in which freedom and contemplation are the ends of life. This transformational idea rests upon a theory of dynamic dualism (...)
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  32.  21
    Moral Naturalism and Adaptive Management.Bryan G. Norton - 1996 - Hastings Center Report 26 (6):24-26.
  33.  8
    Economists' Preferences and the Preferences of Economists.Bryan G. Norton - 1994 - Environmental Values 3 (4):311 - 332.
    Economists, who adopt the principle of consumer sovereignty, treat preferences as unquestioned for the purposes of their analysis. They also represent preferences for future outcomes as having value in the present. It is shown that these two characteristics of neoclassical modelling rest on similar reasoning and are essential to achieve high aggregatability of preferences and values. But the meaning and broader implications of these characteristics vary according to the arguments given to support these methodological choices. The resulting ambiguities raise questions (...)
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  34.  1
    Conserving Natural Value. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):209-214.
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  35. Bryan G. Norton, Ed., The Preservation of Species Reviewed By.Holmes Rolston Iii - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6 (10):519-521.
     
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  36.  17
    The Unified Quantum Electrodynamic Ether.Bryan G. Wallace - 1973 - Foundations of Physics 3 (3):381-388.
    The basic evidence and doctrines of physics and astronomy are examined and found to contain a simple, consistent unitary nature. It is proposed that all physical phenomena may be better explained in terms of a single physical entity if one accepts a conceptual advancement of presently accepted doctrine. The modification postulates that the inertial mass of matter is the same entity as the virtual mass of a photon and that a circular motion of speedc is transformed into a linear motion (...)
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  37.  15
    Bryan G. Norton, Sustainable Values, Sustainable Change: A Guide to Environmental Decision Making.Evelyn Brister - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (2):251-253.
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  38. In His Likeness: Forty Selections on the Imitation of Christ Through the Centuries.G. McLeod Bryan - 1959
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  39.  33
    Bryan G. Norton, Ed.: The Preservation of Species. [REVIEW]Fred Gifford - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (1):91-94.
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  40. Bryan G. Norton, Ed., The Preservation of Species. [REVIEW]Iii Holmes Rolston - 1986 - Philosophy in Review 6:519-521.
     
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  41.  15
    Bryan G. Norton: Searching for Sustainability: Interdisciplinary Essays in the Philosophy of Conservation Biology. [REVIEW]James Justus - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (2):232-235.
  42.  24
    Bryan G. Norton: Why Preserve Natural Variety? [REVIEW]Scott Lehmann - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (3):275-278.
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  43.  23
    Agricultural Development and Environmental Policy: Conceptual Issues. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 1985 - Agriculture and Human Values 2 (2):63-70.
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  44.  32
    Book ReviewJohn Foster,, Ed. Valuing Nature? Economics, Ethics, and the Environment. New York: Routledge, 1997. Pp. Xi+273. $85.00 ; $25.99. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 2001 - Ethics 111 (3):630-632.
  45.  18
    Conserving Natural Value.Bryan G. Norton - 1996 - Environmental Ethics 18 (2):209-214.
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  46.  6
    Clearing the Way for a Life-Centered Ethic for Business: A Response to Freeman and Reichart.Bryan G. Norton - 2000 - The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 2:159-165.
    I agree with much of Freeman and Reichart’s paper; so, by way of comment, I will simply supplement his argument in two ways. First, agreeing with their conclusion that we can, and should, re-direct business toward environmental protection without embracing a nonanthropocentric ethic, I will show that the pre-occupation of recent and contemporary environmental ethics with the anthropocentrism/non-anthropocentrism debate is avoidable. It rests on a misinterpretation of possible moral responses to the arrogance with which Western science, technology, and culture has (...)
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  47.  48
    De Re Modality, Generic Essences, and Science.Bryan G. Norton - 1980 - Philosophia 9 (2):167-186.
    I have taken the traditional problem of the seeming interdependence of identity concepts and essentialistic concepts and the attendant difficulties with circularity as a starting point in my consideration of recent attempts to provide accounts ofde re essences. Having distinguished between theories of individual and generic essences, I have shown how a linguistic device based upon a new approach to referring expressions has, perhaps, provided some advance in the understanding of individualde re essences. I have argued that, however efficacious these (...)
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  48.  17
    Ecological Ethics and Politics.Bryan G. Norton - 1985 - Environmental Ethics 7 (1):71-74.
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  49. Ecological Ethics and Politics. [REVIEW]Bryan G. Norton - 1985 - Environmental Ethics 7 (1):71-74.
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  50. Envircnrr. Or. Iii! Efrics.Bryan G. Norton - forthcoming - Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence.
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