Results for 'Burkhardt Jeffrey'

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  1.  14
    Biotechnology, Ethics, and the Structure of Agriculture.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (3):53-60.
    The “new” agricultural biotechnologies are presently high-priority items on the national research agenda. The promise of increased efficiency and productivity resulting from products and processes derived from biotech is thought to justify the commitment to R&D. Nevertheless, critics challenge the environmental safety as well as political-economic consequences of particular products of biotech, notably, ice-nucleating bacteria and the bovine growth hormone. In this paper the critics' arguments are analyzed in explicitly ethical terms, and assessed as to their relative merits. In some (...)
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  2.  25
    Agricultural Biotechnology and the Future Benefits Argument.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):135-145.
    In the face of criticisms about the current generationof agricultural biotechnology products, some proponents ofagricultural biotechnology offer a ``future benefitsargument''''(FBA), which is a utilitarian ethical argument thatattempts to justify continued R&D. This paper analyzes severallogical implications of the FBA. Among these are that acceptanceof the FBA implies (1) acceptance of a precautionary approach torisk, (2) the need for a more proportional and equitabledistribution of the benefits of agricultural biotechnology, andmost important, (3) the need to reorient and restructurebiotechnology R&D institutions (and (...)
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  3.  76
    Scientific Values and Moral Education in the Teaching of Science.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1999 - Perspectives on Science 7 (1):87-110.
    : Implicit instruction about values occurs throughout scientific communication, whether in the university classroom or in the larger public forum. The concern of this paper is that the kind of values education that occurs includes "reverse moral education," the idea that moral considerations are at best extra scientific if not simply irrational. The (a)moral education that many scientists unwittingly foist on their "students" undergirds the scientific establishment's typical responses to larger social issues: "Huff!" In this paper I explain the nature (...)
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  4.  48
    The Morality Behind Sustainability.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 2 (2):113-128.
    The concepts of sustainable agriculture, organic agriculture, regenerative agriculture, and alternative agriculture are receiving increasing attention in the academic and popular literature on present trends and future directions of agriculture. Whatever the reasons for this interest, there nevertheless remain differences of opinion concerning what counts as a sustainable agriculture. One of the reasons for these differences is that the moral underpinnings of a policy of sustainability are not clear. By understanding the moral obligatoriness of sustainability, we can come to understand (...)
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  5. Adaptive Management of Nonnative Species: Moving Beyond the “Either-Or” Through Experimental Pluralism.Jason Evans, Ann Wilkie & Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):521-539.
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  6.  18
    Agribusiness Ethics: Specifying the Terms of the Contract. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1986 - Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):333 - 345.
    Agricultural production in the western world in our time is primarily agribusiness. As such, a business ethics approach can be extended to agricultural production. Given the nature of the agricultural production system, however, not only are general principles for business ethics applicable, but more specific obligations need to be generated. A social contract approach such as Donaldson's, with modifications, serves to provide both the general principles for the ethical practice of agribusiness, as well as more specific obligations for agents in (...)
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  7.  11
    The First European Congress on Agricultural and Food Ethics and Follow-Up Workshop on Ethics and Food Biotechnology: A US Perspective. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt, Paul B. Thompson & Tarla Rae Peterson - 2000 - Agriculture and Human Values 17 (4):327-332.
    The first European Congress on Agriculturaland Food Ethics was held at Wageningen University andResearch Center (WUR), Wageningen, The Netherlands, March 4–6, 1999. This was the inaugural conference forthe newly forming European Society for Agricultural andFood Ethics – EUR-SAFE – and around two hundredpeople from across Europe (and a handful of NorthAmericans) participated. Following theCongress/conference, a small (16 people), two-dayworkshop funded in part by the US National ScienceFoundation focused on similarities and differencesbetween the US and the EU regarding publicdiscourse/debate on food (...)
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  8.  20
    Political Philosophy.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (2):165-167.
  9. The Ethics of Agri-Food Biotechnology : How Can an Agricultural Technology Be so Important?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - In Kenneth H. David & Paul B. Thompson (eds.), What Can Nanotechnology Learn From Biotechnology?: Social and Ethical Lessons for Nanoscience From the Debate Over Agrifood Biotechnology and Gmos. Elsevier/Academic Press.
     
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  10.  19
    Philosophy Gone Wild.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1990 - Teaching Philosophy 13 (4):390-394.
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  11.  22
    Review. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (5):401-402.
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  12.  14
    Changes, Challenges and Opportunities.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2013 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (5):921-923.
  13.  17
    Textbook or Treatise?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2013 - Metascience 22 (2):485-488.
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  14.  6
    Business Ethics: Ideology or Utopia?Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1985 - Metaphilosophy 16 (2‐3):118-129.
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  15. The Morality Behind Sustainability.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1989 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 2 (2):113-128.
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  16.  22
    Crisis, Argument, and Agriculture.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (2):123-138.
    Scholarly critics such as Wendell Berry, as well as the popular media, frequently refer to problems associated with agriculture as the agricultural crisis or the farm crisis. Despite the identification of a problem or problems as symptomatic of this crisis, scant attention is paid to why the situation is a social crisis as opposed to a problem, tragedy, trend, or simple change in the structure of agriculture. This paper analyzes the use of social crisis as applied to the state of (...)
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  17.  19
    Making Sense of Marx.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):331-333.
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  18.  10
    Book Review:A Morally Deep World: An Essay on Moral Significance and Environmental Ethics. Lawrence E. Johnson. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):403-.
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  19. RSPCA. Jonathan Balcombe has Been Associate Director for Education in the Animal Research Issues Section of the Humane Society of the United States Since 1993. He has Degrees From York University and Carleton University, Toronto, and a Doctoral Degree in Ethology From the University of Tennessee. [REVIEW]Marc Bekoffis, Bob Bermond, Lynda Birke, Bernice Bovenkerk, Baruch A. Brody & Jeffrey Burkhardt - 2008 - In Susan J. Armstrong & Richard George Botzler (eds.), The Animal Ethics Reader. Routledge.
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  20. Crisis, Argument, and Agriculture.Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of Agricultural Ethics 1 (2):123-138.
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  21. Jon Elster, "Making Sense of Marx". [REVIEW]Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (2):331.
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  22. Approaches to Democracy.R. Jeffrey Burkhardt - 1982 - Philosophical Books 23 (4):250-252.
  23.  8
    Miller David. A Paradox of Information. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17 No. 1 , Pp. 59–61.Popper Karl R.. A Comment on Miller's New Paradox of Information. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17 No. 1 , Pp. 61–69.Popper Karl R.. A Paradox of Zero Information. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17 No. 2, Pp. 141–143.Mackie J. L.. Miller's so-Called Paradox of Information. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17 No. 2, Pp. 144–147.Miller David. On a so-Called so-Called Paradox: A Reply to Professor J. L. Mackie. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 17 No. 2, Pp. 147–149.Bub Jeffrey and Radner Michael. Miller's Paradox of Information. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 19 No. 1 , Pp. 63–67.Miller David. The Straight and Narrow Rule of Induction: A Reply to Dr Bub and Mr Radner. The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 19 No. 2, Pp. 145–151.Rozeboom. [REVIEW]Richard C. Jeffrey - 1970 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (1):124-127.
  24.  31
    Book Review:Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability Rudolf Carnap, Richard C. Jeffrey[REVIEW]Rudolf Carnap & Richard C. Jeffrey - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):549-.
  25. Probability, Dynamics, and Causality Essays in Honour of Richard C. Jeffrey.Domenico Costantini, Maria Carla Galavotti & Richard C. Jeffrey - 1997
     
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  26. God, Some Conversations a Translation, with a Critical Introd. And Notes by Frederick H. Burkhardt.Johann Gottfried Herder & Frederick Burkhardt - 1949 - Hafner.
     
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  27. Probability and the Art of Judgment.Richard Jeffrey - 1992 - Cambridge University Press.
    Richard Jeffrey is beyond dispute one of the most distinguished and influential philosophers working in the field of decision theory and the theory of knowledge. His work is distinctive in showing the interplay of epistemological concerns with probability and utility theory. Not only has he made use of standard probabilistic and decision theoretic tools to clarify concepts of evidential support and informed choice, he has also proposed significant modifications of the standard Bayesian position in order that it provide a (...)
     
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  28. Formal Logic: Its Scope and Limits.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1967 - Hackett.
    This brief paperback is designed for symbolic/formal logic courses. It features the tree method proof system developed by Jeffrey. The new edition contains many more examples and exercises and is reorganized for greater accessibility.
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  29.  94
    Preference Among Preferences.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1974 - Journal of Philosophy 71 (13):377-391.
  30.  76
    Valuation and Acceptance of Scientific Hypotheses.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1956 - Philosophy of Science 23 (3):237-246.
  31. Logicism Lite.Richard Jeffrey - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (3):474-496.
    Logicism Lite counts number‐theoretical laws as logical for the same sort of reason for which physical laws are counted as as empirical: because of the character of the data they are responsible to. In the case of number theory these are the data verifying or falsifying the simplest equations, which Logicism Lite counts as true or false depending on the logical validity or invalidity of first‐order argument forms in which no numbertheoretical notation appears.
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  32.  41
    Adaptive Management of Nonnative Species: Moving Beyond the “Either-or” Through Experimental Pluralism.M. Evans Jason, C. Wilkie Ann & Burkhardt Jeffrey - 2008 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):521-539.
    This paper develops the outlines of a pragmatic, adaptive management-based approach toward the control of invasive nonnative species (INS) through a case study of Kings Bay/Crystal River, a large artesian springs ecosystem that is one of Florida’s most important habitats for endangered West Indian manatees ( Trichechus manatus ). Building upon recent critiques of invasion biology, principles of adaptive management, and our own interview and participant–observer research, we argue that this case study represents an example in which rigid application of (...)
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  33. Goodman's Query.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (11):281-288.
  34.  43
    Indefinite Probability Judgment: A Reply to Levi.Richard Jeffrey - 1987 - Philosophy of Science 54 (4):586-591.
    Isaac Levi and I have different views of probability and decision making. Here, without addressing the merits, I will try to answer some questions recently asked by Levi (1985) about what my view is, and how it relates to his.
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  35.  26
    Radical Probabilism (Prospectus for a User's Manual).Richard Jeffrey - 1992 - Philosophical Issues 2:193-204.
  36.  50
    On Interpersonal Utility Theory.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1971 - Journal of Philosophy 68 (20):647-656.
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  37.  85
    Mind-Body Dualism and the Compatibility of Medical Methods.Hans Burkhardt & Guido Imaguire - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (2):135-150.
    In this paper we analyse some misleading theses concerning the oldcontroversy over the relation between mind and body presented incontemporary medical literature. We undertake an epistemologicalclarification of the axiomatic structure of medical methods. Thisclarification, in turn, requires a precise philosophical explanation ofthe presupposed concepts. This analysis will establish two results: (1)that the mind-body dualism cannot be understood as a kind of biologicalvariation of the subject-object dichotomy in physics, and (2) that thethesis of the incompatibility between somatic and psychosomatic medicineheld by (...)
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  38.  33
    Ethics and the Logic of Decision.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1965 - Journal of Philosophy 62 (19):528-539.
  39.  28
    Take Back the Day! Jon Dorling's Bayesian Solution of the Duhem Problem.Richard Jeffrey - 1993 - Philosophical Issues 3:197-207.
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  40.  25
    Popper on the Rule of Succession.Richard C. Jeffrey - 1964 - Mind 73 (289):129.
  41.  15
    A Note on Finch's "an Explication of Counterfactuals by Probability Theory".Richard C. Jeffrey - 1959 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (1):116.
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  42. Belief Revision Generalized: A Joint Characterization of Bayes's and Jeffrey's Rules.Franz Dietrich, Christian List & Richard Bradley - 2016 - Journal of Economic Theory 162:352-371.
    We present a general framework for representing belief-revision rules and use it to characterize Bayes's rule as a classical example and Jeffrey's rule as a non-classical one. In Jeffrey's rule, the input to a belief revision is not simply the information that some event has occurred, as in Bayes's rule, but a new assignment of probabilities to some events. Despite their differences, Bayes's and Jeffrey's rules can be characterized in terms of the same axioms: "responsiveness", which requires (...)
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  43.  45
    What's Wrong with "What's Wrong with Libertarianism": A Reply to Jeffrey Friedman.J. C. Lester - 2016 - In Arguments for Liberty: A Libertarian Miscellany. pp. 95-101.
    This essay explains Jeffrey Friedman's two fundamental and persistent philosophical errors concerning the libertarian conception of liberty and the lack of a "justification‟ of libertarianism. It is ironic that Friedman himself is thereby revealed to be guilty of both an “a priori” anti-libertarianism and an anti-libertarian “straddle.” Critical-rationalist, proactive-imposition-minimising libertarianism remains completely unchallenged by him.
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  44. Jeffrey Conditionalization, the Principal Principle, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and Adams's Thesis.Ittay Nissan-Rozen - 2013 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 64 (4):axs039.
    I show that David Lewis’s principal principle is not preserved under Jeffrey conditionalization. Using this observation, I argue that Lewis’s reason for rejecting the desire as belief thesis and Adams’s thesis applies also to his own principal principle. 1 Introduction2 Adams’s Thesis, the Desire as Belief Thesis, and the Principal Principle3 Jeffrey Conditionalization4 The Principal Principles Not Preserved under Jeffrey Conditionalization5 Inadmissible Experiences.
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  45.  33
    Aquinas’s Ontology of the Material World: Change, Hylomorphism, and Material Objects. By Jeffrey E. Brower. [REVIEW]Timothy Pawl - 2015 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 89 (4):723-727.
    I review Jeffrey Brower's book, "Aquinas's Ontology of the Material World".
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  46.  35
    Jeffrey Conditioning, Rigidity, and the Defeasible Red Jelly Bean.Lydia McGrew - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (2):569-582.
    Jonathan Weisberg has argued that Jeffrey Conditioning is inherently “anti-holistic” By this he means, inter alia, that JC does not allow us to take proper account of after-the-fact defeaters for our beliefs. His central example concerns the discovery that the lighting in a room is red-tinted and the relationship of that discovery to the belief that a jelly bean in the room is red. Weisberg’s argument that the rigidity required for JC blocks the defeating role of the red-tinted light (...)
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  47.  30
    Simultaneous Belief Updates Via Successive Jeffrey Conditionalization.Ilho Park - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3511-3533.
    This paper discusses simultaneous belief updates. I argue here that modeling such belief updates using the Principle of Minimum Information can be regarded as applying Jeffrey conditionalization successively, and so that, contrary to what many probabilists have thought, the simultaneous belief updates can be successfully modeled by means of Jeffrey conditionalization.
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  48.  24
    Explicating Formal Epistemology: Carnap's Legacy as Jeffrey's Radical Probabilism.Christopher F. French - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 53:33–42.
  49.  20
    Nietzsche, Nihilism, and the Philosophy of the Future Ed. By Jeffrey Metzger (Review).Jeffrey Church - 2013 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 44 (3):495-497.
    In his introduction, Jeffrey Metzger states that “at some point in the past 20 or 30 years … Nietzsche’s name [became] no longer associated primarily with nihilism” (1). Metzger is pointing to the increasing contemporary scholarly interest in Nietzsche’s epistemology, naturalism, and metaethics. The worthy aim of this volume is to ask us to examine once again the underlying philosophical problem to which these views are a response, namely, nihilism. This volume helpfully reminds us that Nietzsche’s philosophical motivation still (...)
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  50.  38
    A Causal Understanding of When and When Not to Jeffrey Conditionalize.Ben Schwan & Reuben Stern - 2017 - Philosophers' Imprint 17.
    There are cases of ineffable learning — i. e., cases where an agent learns something, but becomes certain of nothing that she can express — where it is rational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. But there are likewise cases of ineffable learning where updating by Jeffrey conditionalization is irrational. In this paper, we first characterize a novel class of cases where it is irrational to update by Jeffrey conditionalization. Then we use the d-separation criterion to develop a (...)
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