Results for 'By Alan Carter'

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  1.  51
    Morality and Freedom.By Alan Carter - 2003 - Philosophical Quarterly 53 (211):161–180.
    What might be termed 'the problem of morality' concerns how freedom-restricting principles may be justified, given that we value our freedom. Perhaps an answer can be found in freedom itself. For if the most obvious reason for rejecting moral demands is that they invade one's personal freedom, then the price of freedom from invasive demands that others would otherwise make may well require everyone accepting freedom in general, say, as a value that provides sufficient reason for adhering to principles that (...)
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  2. Biocentric Consequentialism, Pluralism, and ‘The Minimax Implication’: A Reply to Alan Carter: Robin Attfield.Robin Attfield - 2003 - Utilitas 15 (1):76-91.
    Alan Carter's recent review in Mind of my Ethics of the Global Environment combines praise of biocentric consequentialism with criticisms that it could advocate both minimal satisfaction of human needs and the extinction of ‘inessential species’ for the sake of generating extra people; Carter also maintains that as a monistic theory it is predictably inadequate to cover the full range of ethical issues, since only a pluralistic theory has this capacity. In this reply, I explain how the (...)
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  3. Biocentric Consequentialism and Value-Pluralism: A Response to Alan Carter.Robin Attfield - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):85-92.
    My theory of biocentric consequentialism is first shown not to be significantly inegalitarian, despite not advocating treating all creatures equally. I then respond to Carter's objections concerning population, species extinctions, the supposed minimax implication, endangered interests, autonomy and thought-experiments. Biocentric consequentialism is capable of supporting a sustainable human population at a level compatible with preserving most non-human species, as opposed to catastrophic population increases or catastrophic decimation. Nor is it undermined by the mere conceivable possibility of counter-intuitive implications. While (...)
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  4.  2
    Books in Review : Direct Action and Liberal Democracy by April Carter. New York: Harper and Row, 1973. Pp. 170. $9.00 Hardcover; $3.25 Paper. [REVIEW]Alan Ritter - 1974 - Political Theory 2 (3):354-355.
  5.  41
    Can We Harm Furture People?Alan Carter - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (4):429-454.
    It appears to have been established that it is not possible for us to harm distant future generations by failing to adopt long-range welfare policies which would conserve resources or limit pollution. By exploring a number of possible worlds, the present article shows, first, that the argument appears to be at least as telling against Aristotelian, rights-based and Rawlsian approaches as it seems to be against utilitarianism, but second, and most importantly, that it only holds if we fail to view (...)
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  6.  26
    Towards a Multidimensional, Environmentalist Ethic.Alan Carter - 2011 - Environmental Values 20 (3):347-374.
    There has been a process of moral extensionism within environmental ethics from anthropocentrism, through zoocentrism, to ecocentrism. This article maps key elements of that process, and concludes that each of these ethical positions fails as a fully adequate, environmentalist ethic, and does so because of an implicit assumption that is common within normative theory. This notwithstanding, each position may well contribute a value. The problem that then arises is how to trade off those values against each other when they conflict. (...)
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  7. Some Groundwork for a Multidimensional Axiology.Alan Carter - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 154 (3):389 - 408.
    By distinguishing between contributory values and overall value, and by arguing that contributory values are variable values insofar as they contribute diminishing marginal overall value, this article helps to establish the superiority of a certain kind of maximizing, value-pluralist axiology over both sufficientarianism and prioritarianism, as well as over all varieties of value-monism, including utilitarianism and pure egalitarianism.
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  8. Moral Theory and Global Population.Alan Carter - 1999 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 99 (3):289–313.
    Ascertaining the optimum global population raises not just substantive moral problems but also philosophical ones, too. In particular, serious problems arise for utilitarianism. For example, should one attempt to bring about the greatest total happiness or the highest level of average happiness? This article argues that neither approach on its own provides a satisfactory answer, and nor do rights-based or Rawlsian approaches, either. Instead, what is required is a multidimensional approach to moral questions—one which recognises the plurality of our values. (...)
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  9. Biodiversity and All That Jazz.Alan Carter - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):58-75.
    This article considers several of the most famous arguments for our being under a moral obligation to preserve species, and finds them all wanting. The most promising argument for preserving all varieties of species might seem to be an aesthetic one. Unfortunately, the suggestion that the moral basis for the preservation of species should be construed as similar to the moral basis for the preservation of a work of art seems to presume (what are now widely regarded as) erroneous conceptualizations (...)
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  10.  46
    A Solution to the Purported Non-Transitivity of Normative Evaluation.Alan Carter - 2015 - Journal of Philosophy 112 (1):23-45.
    Derek Parfit presents his Mere Addition Paradox in order to demonstrate that it is extremely difficult to avoid the Repugnant Conclusion. And in order to avoid it, Parfit has embraced perfectionism. However, Stuart Rachels and Larry Temkin, taking their lead from Parfit, have concluded, instead, that the Repugnant Conclusion can be avoided by denying the axiom of transitivity with respect to the all-things-considered-better-than relation. But this seems to present a major challenge to how we evaluate normatively. In this article I (...)
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  11.  21
    ‘Self‐Exploitation’ and Workers' Co‐Operatives—or How the British Left Get Their Concepts Wrong.Alan Carter - 1989 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 6 (2):195-200.
    ABSTRACT In this article I examine the concept ‘self‐exploitation’ and its use in criticising workers' co‐operatives. I argue that the concept is incoherent and that the kind of exploitation which members of workers' co‐ops actually face is ‘market‐exploitation’. Moreover, some of the criticisms of workers' co‐ops which are made by those who employ the confused concept ‘self‐exploitation’ are shown to be inapposite when ‘market‐exploitation’ is recognised to be the real problem. I conclude with a discussion of the reasons for the (...)
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  12. Inegalitarian Biocentric Consequentialism, the Minimax Implication and Multidimensional Value Theory: A Brief Proposal for a New Direction in Environmental Ethics.Alan Carter - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (1):62-84.
    Perhaps the most impressive environmental ethic developed to date in any detail is Robin Attfield's biocentric consequentialism. Indeed, on first study, it appears sufficiently impressive that, before presenting any alternative theoretical approach, one would first need to establish why one should not simply embrace Attfield's. After outlining a seemingly decisive flaw in his theory, and then criticizing his response to it, this article adumbrates a very different theoretical basis for an environmental ethic: namely, a value-pluralist one. In so doing, it (...)
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  13.  91
    A Defense of Egalitarianism.Alan Carter - 2006 - Philosophical Studies 131 (2):269-302.
    Recently in this journal, Michael Huemer has attempted to refute egalitarianism. His strategy consists in: first, distinguishing between three possible worlds ; second, showing that the first world is equal in value to the second world; third, dividing the second and third worlds into two temporal segments each, then showing that none of the temporal segments possesses greater moral value than any other, thereby demonstrating that the second and third worlds as a whole are equal in value; and finally, concluding (...)
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  14. Political Liberalism and Political Compliance: Part 2 of the Problem of Political Compliance in Rawls’s Theories of Justice.Alan Carter - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (2):135-157.
    Three interlocking features appear to underpin Rawls’s justification of political compliance within the context of political liberalism: namely, a specific territory; a specific society; and a specific conception of what it is to be reasonable. When any one feature is subject to critical examination, while presupposing that the other two are acceptable, Rawls’s argument for political compliance may seem persuasive. But when all three features are critically examined together, his justification of political compliance within political liberalism can be seen to (...)
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  15.  50
    The Quest for an Egalitarian Metric.Alan Carter - 2004 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 7 (1):94-113.
    For two decades, egalitarian analytical philosophers have sought to identify the metric to be employed in order to ascertain whether any distribution is equal or not. This essay provides a review of the seminal contributions to this debate by Amartya Sen, Ronald Dworkin, Richard Arneson and G.A. Cohen.
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  16.  8
    Biodiversity and All That Jazz.Alan Carter - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 80 (1):58-75.
    This article considers several of the most famous arguments for our being under a moral obligation to preserve species, and finds them all wanting. The most promising argument for preserving all varieties of species might seem to be an aesthetic one. Unfortunately, the suggestion that the moral basis for the preservation of species should be construed as similar to the moral basis for the preservation of a work of art seems to presume erroneous conceptualizations of "species". The article concludes by (...)
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  17. Anarchism: Some Theoretical Foundations.Alan Carter - 2011 - Journal of Political Ideologies 16 (3):245-264.
    This article considers two different, yet related, theoretical approaches that could be employed to ground the anarchist critique of Marxist-Leninist revolutionary practice, and thus of the state in general: the State-Primacy Theory and the Quadruplex Theory. The State-Primacy Theory appears to be consistent with several of Bakunin's claims about the state. However, the Quadruplex Theory might, in fact, turn out to be no less consistent with Bakunin's claims than the State-Primacy Theory. In addition, the Quadruplex Theory seems no less capable (...)
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  18.  8
    Infanticide and the Right to Life.Alan Carter - 1997 - Ratio 10 (1):1-9.
    Michael Tooley defends infanticide by analysing ‘A has a right to X’ as roughly synonymous with ‘If A desires X, then others are under a prima facie obligation to refrain from actions that would deprive him [or her] of it.’ An infant who cannot conceive of himself or herself as a continuing subject of experiences cannot desire to continue existing. Hence, on Tooley’s analysis, killing the infant is not impermissible, for it does not go against any of the infant’s desires. (...)
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  19.  98
    Infanticide and the Right to Life.Alan Carter - 1997 - Ratio 10 (1):1–9.
    Michael Tooley defends infanticide by analysing ‘A has a right to X’ as roughly synonymous with ‘If A desires X, then others are under a prima facie obligation to refrain from actions that would deprive him [or her] of it.’ An infant who cannot conceive of himself or herself as a continuing subject of experiences cannot desire to continue existing. Hence, on Tooley’s analysis, killing the infant is not impermissible, for it does not go against any of the infant’s desires. (...)
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  20. Evolution and the Problem of Altruism.Alan Carter - 2005 - Philosophical Studies 123 (3):213-230.
    Genuine altruism would appear to be incompatible with evolutionary theory. And yet altruistic behavior would seem to occur, at least on occasion. This article first considers a game-theoretical attempt at solving this seeming paradox, before considering agroup selectionist approach. Neither approach, as they stand, would seem to render genuine, as opposed to reciprocal, altruism compatible with the theory of evolution. The article concludes by offering an alternative game-theoretical solution to the problem of altruism.
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  21. Talking Books: Children's Authors Talk About the Craft, Creativity, and Process of Writing.James Carter - 1999 - Routledge.
    _Talking Books_ sets out to show how some of the leading children's authors of the day respond to these and other similar questions. The authors featured are _ Neil Ardley, Ian Beck, Helen Cresswell, Gillian Cross, Terry Deary, Berlie Doherty, Alan Durant, Brian Moses, Philip Pullman, Celia Rees, Norman Silver, Jacqueline Wilson, and Benjamin Zephaniah_. They discuss with great enthusiasm: *their childhood reading habits *how they came to be published *how they write on a daily basis *how a particular (...)
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  22. Alan Carter.Vladimir Ilich Lenin - 1994 - Cogito 8:66.
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  23. Alan Carter.Eco-Reformism Eco-Authoritarianism - 1996 - Cogito 10:115.
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  24.  71
    Alan Carter, The Philosophical Foundations of Property Rights, Hemel Hampstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1989, Pp. Ix + 150.Andrew Reeve - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (2):335.
  25. The Sane Society. By Alan Gewirth. [REVIEW]ERICH FROMM - 1955 - Ethics 66:289.
     
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  26.  19
    Truth, by Alan R. White. [REVIEW]V. Hope - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):373.
  27.  30
    Future Generations and Contemporary Ethics.Lawrence E. Johnson - 2003 - Environmental Values 12 (4):471 - 487.
    Future generations do not exist, and are not determinate in their make-up. The moral significance of future generations cannot be accounted for on the basis of a purely individualistic ethic. Yet future generations are morally significant. The Person-Affecting Principle, that (roughly) only acts which are likely to affect particular individuals are morally significant, must be augmented in such a way as to take into account the moral significance of Homo sapiens, a holistic entity which certainly does exist. Recent contributions to (...)
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  28.  24
    The Future – For Better or Worse.Ernest Partridge - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (1):75 - 85.
    Alan Carter correctly argues that Thomas Schwartz's 'future persons paradox' applies with equal force to utilitarianism, rights theory and Aristotelian ethics. His criticism of Rawls's 'justice between generations' is less successful, because of his failure (and perhaps Rawls's as well) to fully appreciate the hypothetical nature of the 'original position'. Cater's attempt to refute Schwartz's argument by focusing on the individuality of moral action fails, since it evades the essential point of Schwartz's argument. The best response to Schwartz (...)
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  29.  7
    The Future - For Better or Worse.E. Partridge - 2002 - Environmental Values 11 (1):75-85.
    Alan Carter correctly argues that Thomas Schwartz's 'future persons paradox' applies with equal force to utilitarianism, rights theory and Aristotelian ethics. His criticism of Rawls's 'justice between generations' is less successful, because of his failure to fully appreciate the hypothetical nature of the 'original position'. Carter's attempt to refute Schwartz's argument by focusing on the individuality of moral action fails, since it evades the essential point of Schwartz's argument. The best response to Schwartz is to concede the (...)
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  30. Philosophy of History [by] Alan Donagan [and] Barbara Donagan. --.Alan Donagan - 1965 - Macmillan.
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  31.  7
    Morals and Law: The Growth of Aristotle's Legal Theory. By Alan Gewirth. [REVIEW]Alan Gewirth - 1951 - Ethics 62:66.
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  32.  10
    Exploitation and Workers’Co-Operatives: A Reply to Alan Carter.John O'neill - 1991 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):231-235.
  33. The Two Sources of Morality and Religion. Translated by R. Ashley Audra and Cloudesley Brereton, with the Assistance of W. Horsfall Carter.Henri Bergson, Ruth Ashley Audra, William Horsfall Carter & Cloudesley Shovell Henry Brereton - 1935 - H. Holt.
  34.  30
    Right. By Alan R.White.Barbara MacKinnon - 1986 - Modern Schoolman 63 (3):230-232.
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  35. "Rights" by Alan R White. [REVIEW]Norman E. Bowie - 1986 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (1):165.
     
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  36.  4
    Edited by Alan C. Bowen and Francesca Rochberg. Hellenistic Astronomy: The Science in its Contexts. Brill's Companions to Classical Studies, Leiden: Brill, 2020, Xxxii+751pp. ISBN: 9789004400566; 9789004243361. [REVIEW]Victor Gysembergh - forthcoming - Centaurus.
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  37.  23
    Rights By Alan R. White Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1984, Viii+186 Pp., £12.50. [REVIEW]Jerome E. Bickenbach - 1986 - Philosophy 61 (235):128-.
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  38.  18
    Forms of Explanation by Alan Garfinkel and Sociobiology and the Preemption of Social Science by Alexander Rosenberg. [REVIEW]Martin Hollis - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):283-286.
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  39.  16
    Spinoza, by Alan Donagan.Don Garrett - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):952-955.
  40.  5
    Vigil By Alan Shapiro.Audrey K. Gordon - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (4):606-608.
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  41. Alan Watts Interviewed by Michael Murphy.Alan Watts - unknown - [N.P.]Big Sur Recordings.
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  42.  43
    Gewirth's Ethical Rationalism: Critical Essays with a Reply by Alan Gewirth.Edward Regis (ed.) - 1984 - University of Chicago Press.
    Alan Gewirth's Reason and Morality directed philosophical attention to the possibility of presenting a rational and rigorous demonstration of fundamental moral principles. Now, these previously unpublished essays from some of the most distinguished philosophers of our generation subject Gewirth's program to thorough evaluation and assessment. In a tour de force of philosophical analysis, Professor Gewirth provides detailed replies to all of his critics--a major, genuinely clarifying essay of intrinsic philosophical interest.
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  43. The Philosophy of Human Rights International Perspectives /Edited by Alan S. Rosenbaum. --. --.Alan S. Rosenbaum - 1980 - Greenwood Press, 1980.
     
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  44.  7
    Republican Ideas and the Liberal Tradition in France, 1870-1914. By Alan Gewirth.Alan Gewirth - 1951 - Ethics 62 (4):299-300.
  45.  53
    The Pasteurization of France: Bruno Latour, Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law , 273 Pp. ISBN 0-674-65760-8 Cloth £23.95. [REVIEW]Simon Schaffer - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (1):174-192.
  46. Essays in the Philosophy of Art. Edited, with an Introd., by Alan Donagan.R. G. Collingwood & Alan Donagan - 1964 - Indiana University Press.
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  47.  3
    Knowing by Perceiving.Alan Millar - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Alan Miller offers a focused account of perceptual knowledge, the knowledge that we gain by means of seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling, and tasting. He explains perceptual knowledge in terms of general recognitional abilities, then situates that account within a broader perspective on epistemology and philosophical method more generally.
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  48.  17
    Moral Knowledge, by Alan H. Goldman.Joel Kupperman - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (4):962-964.
  49. Psychoanalysis and Ethics. By Alan Gewirth. [REVIEW]LEWIS SAMUEL FEUER - 1955 - Ethics 66:136.
  50. Science and Its Fabrication by Alan Chalmers. [REVIEW]Steve Fuller - 1991 - Isis 82:786-787.
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