Results for 'C. Bausman William'

1000+ found
Order:
  1.  17
    From biological practice to scientific metaphysics.William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.) - 2023 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Exploring what a scientific metaphysics grounded in biological practices could look like and how it might impact the way we investigate the world around us, the contributors to From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics review and discuss long-held objections to metaphysics by natural scientists. They illuminate how, in order to learn about the world as it truly is, we must look not only at what scientists say but also what they do.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  2.  38
    Modeling: Neutral, Null, and Baseline.William C. Bausman - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (4):594-616.
    Two strategies for using a model as “null” are distinguished. Null modeling evaluates whether a process is causally responsible for a pattern by testing it against a null model. Baseline modeling measures the relative significance of various processes responsible for a pattern by detecting deviations from a baseline model. When these strategies are conflated, models are illegitimately privileged as accepted until rejected. I illustrate this using the neutral theory of ecology and draw general lessons from this case. First, scientists cannot (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  3. The Role of Starting Points to Order Investigation: Why and How to Enrich the Logic of Research Questions.William C. Bausman - 2022 - Philosophy, Theory, and Practice in Biology 6 (14).
    What methodological approaches do research programs use to investigate the world? Elisabeth Lloyd’s Logic of Research Questions (LRQ) characterizes such approaches in terms of the questions that the researchers ask and causal factors they consider. She uses the Logic of Research Questions Framework to criticize adaptationist programs in evolutionary biology for dogmatically assuming selection explanations of the traits of organisms. I argue that Lloyd’s general criticism of methodological adaptationism is an artefact of the impoverished LRQ. My Ordered Factors Proposal extends (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4. How to infer metaphysics from scientific practice as a biologist might.William C. Bausman - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Introduction : toward a scientific metaphysics based on biological practice.C. Bausman William, K. Baxter Janella & M. Lean Oliver - 2023 - In William C. Bausman, Janella K. Baxter & Oliver M. Lean (eds.), From biological practice to scientific metaphysics. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. The Aims and Structures of Ecological Research Programs.William Bausman - 2019 - Philosophical Topics 47 (1):1-20.
    Neutral Theory is controversial in ecology. Ecologists and philosophers have diagnosed the source of the controversy as: its false assumption that individuals in different species within the same trophic level are ecologically equivalent, its conflict with Competition Theory and the adaptation of species, its role as a null hypothesis, and as a Lakatosian research programme. In this paper, I show why we should instead understand the conflict at the level of research programs which involve more than theory. The Neutralist and (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  7.  93
    Not null enough: pseudo-null hypotheses in community ecology and comparative psychology.William Bausman & Marta Halina - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):30.
    We evaluate a common reasoning strategy used in community ecology and comparative psychology for selecting between competing hypotheses. This strategy labels one hypothesis as a “null” on the grounds of its simplicity and epistemically privileges it as accepted until rejected. We argue that this strategy is unjustified. The asymmetrical treatment of statistical null hypotheses is justified through the experimental and mathematical contexts in which they are used, but these contexts are missing in the case of the “pseudo-null hypotheses” found in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  8. From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics. Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. 23.William Bausman, Janella Baxter & Oliver Lean (eds.) - 2024 - Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.
    Numerous scholarly works focus solely on scientific metaphysics or biological practice, but few attempt to bridge the two subjects. This volume, the latest in the Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science series, explores what a scientific metaphysics grounded in biological practices could look like and how it might impact the way we investigate the world around us. From Biological Practice to Scientific Metaphysics examines how to reconcile the methods of biological practice with the methods of metaphysical cosmology, notably regarding (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Neutral Theory, Biased World.William Bausman - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    The ecologist today finds scarce ground safe from controversy. Decisions must be made about what combination of data, goals, methods, and theories offers them the foundations and tools they need to construct and defend their research. When push comes to shove, ecologists often turn to philosophy to justify why it is their approach that is scientific. Karl Popper’s image of science as bold conjectures and heroic refutations is routinely enlisted to justify testing hypotheses over merely confirming them. One of the (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  10.  22
    A logic for natural language.William C. Purdy - 1991 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 32 (3):409-425.
  11. University-Industry Relationships in Biotechnology: Convergence and Divergence in Goals and Expectations.William F. Woodman, Brian J. Reichel & Mack C. Shelley - forthcoming - Proceedings of the 1987 Iowa State University Agricultural Bioethics Symposium. Ames, Iowa: Iowa State University Press.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  12.  36
    Rhetorical Structure Theory: looking back and moving ahead.William C. Mann & Maite Taboada - 2006 - Discourse Studies 8 (3):423-459.
    Rhetorical Structure Theory has enjoyed continuous attention since its origins in the 1980s. It has been applied, compared to other approaches, and also criticized in a number of areas in discourse analysis, theoretical linguistics, psycholinguistics, and computational linguistics. In this article, we review some of the discussions about the theory itself, especially addressing issues of the reliability of analyses and psychological validity, together with a discussion of the nature of text relations. We also propose areas for further research. A follow-up (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   11 citations  
  13. Rounds. Feature logics.C. William - 1997 - In Benthem & Meulen (eds.), Handbook of Logic and Language. MIT Press. pp. 2--475.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14.  30
    Escapism, control, and the discernment of desires.William C. Woody - 2018 - Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 38 (2):116-119.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  17
    From Social Justice to Criminal Justice: Poverty and the Administration of Criminal Law.William C. Heffernan & John Kleinig (eds.) - 2000 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The economically deprived come into contact with the criminal court system in disproportionate number. This collection of original, interactive essays, written from a variety of ideological perspectives, explores some of the more troubling questions and ethical dilemmas inherent in this situation. The contributors, including well-known legal and political philosophers Philip Pettit, George Fletcher, and Jeremy Waldron, examine issues such as heightened vulnerability, indigent representation, and rotten social background defenses.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16. Moral outrage porn.C. Thi Nguyen & Bekka Williams - 2020 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 18 (2):147-72.
    We offer an account of the generic use of the term “porn”, as seen in recent usages such as “food porn” and “real estate porn”. We offer a definition adapted from earlier accounts of sexual pornography. On our account, a representation is used as generic porn when it is engaged with primarily for the sake of a gratifying reaction, freed from the usual costs and consequences of engaging with the represented content. We demonstrate the usefulness of the concept of generic (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  17.  8
    Papyri from Tebtunis.C. Bradford Welles, Elinor Mullett Husselman, Arthur E. R. Boak & William F. Edgerton - 1946 - American Journal of Philology 67 (1):82.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  18.  48
    Commentary: Reengineering the Darwinian Sciences in Social Context.William C. Wimsatt - 2006 - Biological Theory 1 (4):338-341.
  19. French,* Against Biospherical Egalitarianism'.C. William - 1995 - In Robert Elliot (ed.), Environmental Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 17--1.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  20. Generative Entrenchment and Evolution.Jeffrey C. Schank & William C. Wimsatt - 1986 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:33 - 60.
    The generative entrenchment of an entity is a measure of how much of the generated structure or activity of a complex system depends upon the presence or activity of that entity. It is argued that entities with higher degrees of generative entrenchment are more conservative in evolutionary changes of such systems. A variety of models of complex structures incorporating the effects of generative entrenchment are presented and we demonstrate their relevance in analyzing and explaining a variety of developmental and evolutionary (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   29 citations  
  21. Models and minds.Stuart C. Shapiro & William J. Rapaport - 1991 - In Robert C. Cummins (ed.), Philosophy and AI: Essays at the Interface. Cambridge: MIT Press. pp. 215--259.
    Cognitive agents, whether human or computer, that engage in natural-language discourse and that have beliefs about the beliefs of other cognitive agents must be able to represent objects the way they believe them to be and the way they believe others believe them to be. They must be able to represent other cognitive agents both as objects of beliefs and as agents of beliefs. They must be able to represent their own beliefs, and they must be able to represent beliefs (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   18 citations  
  22.  11
    . A Treatise on the Accentuation of the Twenty-One So-Called Prose Books of the Old Testament, with a Facsimile of a Page of the Codex Assigned to Ben Asher in Aleppo.C. A. & William Wickes - 1888 - American Journal of Philology 9 (1):103.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. The SNePS Family.Stuart C. Shapiro & William J. Rapaport - 1992 - Computers and Mathematics with Applications 23:243-275.
    SNePS, the Semantic Network Processing System 45, 54], has been designed to be a system for representing the beliefs of a natural-language-using intelligent system (a \cognitive agent"). It has always been the intention that a SNePS-based \knowledge base" would ultimatelybe built, not by a programmeror knowledge engineer entering representations of knowledge in some formallanguage or data entry system, but by a human informing it using a natural language (NL) (generally supposed to be English), or by the system reading books or (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   19 citations  
  24.  65
    Evolution and emergence: systems, organisms, persons.Nancey C. Murphy & William R. Stoeger (eds.) - 2007 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The collection as a whole will extend the mutual creative interaction among the sciences, philosophy, and theology.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  25.  12
    William Larkin: Icons of Splendour.Roy C. Strong & William Larkin - 1995
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  26.  47
    Model Selection, Simplicity, and Scientific Inference.Wayne C. Myrvold & William L. Harper - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (S3):S135-S149.
    The Akaike Information Criterion can be a valuable tool of scientific inference. This statistic, or any other statistical method for that matter, cannot, however, be the whole of scientific methodology. In this paper some of the limitations of Akaikean statistical methods are discussed. It is argued that the full import of empirical evidence is realized only by adopting a richer ideal of empirical success than predictive accuracy, and that the ability of a theory to turn phenomena into accurate, agreeing measurements (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  27.  19
    The Egosyntonic Nature of Anorexia: An Impediment to Recovery in Anorexia Nervosa Treatment.Eva C. Gregertsen, William Mandy & Lucy Serpell - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  28.  5
    Words and Sentences Over Time: How Facts Are Built and Sustained in a Specialty Area.Nicholas C. Mullins, William E. Snizek & Kay Oehler - 1989 - Science, Technology and Human Values 14 (3):258-274.
    This article uses computerized analysis of text, along with a close reading of text, to trace change and development in Burkitt's lymphoma research. While past researchers have focused on the way a text enters the literature, we wish to learn what happens to knowledge claims after they arrive in the published literature. In order to explain why some claims are successfully solidified into facts while others remain as isolated, unsupported claims, we rely upon the notion of the material and social (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29.  19
    Francis Palmer Clarke 1895 - 1976.Milton C. Nahm & William E. Campbell - 1977 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 50 (6):570 - 571.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  30.  33
    Invoking Thomas Kuhn: What citation analysis reveals about science education.Cathleen C. Loving & William W. Cobern - 2000 - Science & Education 9 (1-2):187-206.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  31.  27
    Classical eyelid conditioning as a function of sustained and shifted interstimulus intervals.Harvey C. Ebel & William F. Prokasy - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (1):52.
  32. OBO Foundry in 2021: Operationalizing Open Data Principles to Evaluate Ontologies.Rebecca C. Jackson, Nicolas Matentzoglu, James A. Overton, Randi Vita, James P. Balhoff, Pier Luigi Buttigieg, Seth Carbon, Melanie Courtot, Alexander D. Diehl, Damion Dooley, William Duncan, Nomi L. Harris, Melissa A. Haendel, Suzanna E. Lewis, Darren A. Natale, David Osumi-Sutherland, Alan Ruttenberg, Lynn M. Schriml, Barry Smith, Christian J. Stoeckert, Nicole A. Vasilevsky, Ramona L. Walls, Jie Zheng, Christopher J. Mungall & Bjoern Peters - 2021 - BioaRxiv.
    Biological ontologies are used to organize, curate, and interpret the vast quantities of data arising from biological experiments. While this works well when using a single ontology, integrating multiple ontologies can be problematic, as they are developed independently, which can lead to incompatibilities. The Open Biological and Biomedical Ontologies Foundry was created to address this by facilitating the development, harmonization, application, and sharing of ontologies, guided by a set of overarching principles. One challenge in reaching these goals was that the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  33.  40
    Discovering Complexity: Decomposition and Localization as Strategies in Scientific Research.William Bechtel & Robert C. Richardson - 2010 - Princeton.
    An analysis of two heuristic strategies for the development of mechanistic models, illustrated with historical examples from the life sciences. In Discovering Complexity, William Bechtel and Robert Richardson examine two heuristics that guided the development of mechanistic models in the life sciences: decomposition and localization. Drawing on historical cases from disciplines including cell biology, cognitive neuroscience, and genetics, they identify a number of "choice points" that life scientists confront in developing mechanistic explanations and show how different choices result in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   523 citations  
  34.  48
    Frege’s Horizontal.William C. Heck & William G. Lycan - 1979 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 9 (3):479 - 492.
    Frege begins his exposition of the symbol system employed in his Begriffsschrift by introducing the sign ⟝, whereby, he says, “[a] judgment is always to be expressed”.[The judgment sign] stands to the left of the sign or complex of signs in which the content of the judgment is given. If we omit the little stroke at the left of the horizontal stroke, then the judgment is to be transformed into a mere complex of ideas; the author is not expressing his (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  35. The Sense of Beauty Being the Outlines of Aesthetic Theory.George Santayana, William G. Holzberger, Herman J. Saatkamp & Arthur C. Danto - 1955 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 25 (4):538-548.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   13 citations  
  36.  7
    Association of Race and Ethnicity With High Longevity Deceased Donor Kidney Transplantation Under the US Kidney Allocation System.Nour Asfour, Kevin C. Zhang, Jessica Lu, Peter P. Reese, Milda Saunders, Monica Peek, Molly White, Govind Persad & William F. Parker - forthcoming - American Journal of Kidney Diseases.
  37.  92
    Child assent and parental permission in pediatric research.Wilma C. Rossi, William Reynolds & Robert M. Nelson - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (2):131-148.
    Since children are considered incapable ofgiving informed consent to participate inresearch, regulations require that bothparental permission and the assent of thepotential child subject be obtained. Assent andpermission are uniquely bound together, eachserving a different purpose. Parentalpermission protects the child from assumingunreasonable risks. Assent demonstrates respectfor the child and his developing autonomy. Inorder to give meaningful assent, the child mustunderstand that procedures will be performed,voluntarily choose to undergo the procedures,and communicate this choice. Understanding theelements of informed consent has been theparadigm for (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   16 citations  
  38. Developmental Constraints, Generative Entrenchment, and the Innate-Acquired Distinction.William C. Wimsatt - 1986 - In William Bechtel (ed.), Integrating Scientific Disciplines. University of Chicago Press. pp. 185--208.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   96 citations  
  39. Symposium: Are Religious Dogmas Cognitive and Meaningful?Virgil C. Aldrich, Charles Hartshorne, Harold H. Titus, H. Rensselaer Wilsovann, Patrick Romanell, Woodrow W. Sayre, William S. Minor, Philip Merlan, Y. H. Krikorian, John Herman Randall Jr, James Gutmann, Sidney Hook, Virgil C. Aldrich, C. J. Ducasse & Raphael Demos - 1954 - Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):145 - 172.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40.  82
    The logic of unification in grammar.Robert T. Kasper & William C. Rounds - 1990 - Linguistics and Philosophy 13 (1):35 - 58.
  41. Pragmatism.William James - 1907 - New York [etc.]: Longmans, Green and co.. Edited by William James & Doris Olin.
    Noted psychologist and philosopher develops his own brand of pragmatism, based on theories of C. S. Peirce. Emphasis on "radical empiricism," versus the transcendental and rationalist tradition. One of the most important books in American philosophy. Note.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   201 citations  
  42.  39
    Symposium: Are Religious Dogmas Cognitive and Meaningful?Virgil C. Aldrich, Charles Hartshorne, Harold H. Titus, H. Van Rensselaer Wilson, Patrick Romanell, Woodrow W. Sayre, William S. Minor, Philip Merlan, Y. H. Krikorian, John Herman Randall, James Gutmann, Sidney Hook, C. J. Ducasse & Raphael Demos - 1954 - Journal of Philosophy 51 (5):145.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. The Lonely Crowd.David Reisman, C. Wright Mills, William H. Whyte & Vance Packard - 1959 - Science and Society 23 (4):317-332.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  44. Introduction.John Berkman & I. I. I. William C. Mattison - 2014 - In William C. Mattison & John Berkman (eds.), Searching for a universal ethic: multidisciplinary, ecumenical, and interfaith responses to the Catholic natural law tradition. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  45.  11
    The Archaeology of Palestine.C. C. McCown & William Foxwell Albright - 1950 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 70 (2):114.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  46. Model selection, simplicity, and scientific inference.Wayne C. Myrvold & William L. Harper - 2002 - Proceedings of the Philosophy of Science Association 2002 (3):S135-S149.
    The Akaike Information Criterion can be a valuable tool of scientific inference. This statistic, or any other statistical method for that matter, cannot, however, be the whole of scientific methodology. In this paper some of the limitations of Akaikean statistical methods are discussed. It is argued that the full import of empirical evidence is realized only by adopting a richer ideal of empirical success than predictive accuracy, and that the ability of a theory to turn phenomena into accurate, agreeing measurements (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   9 citations  
  47.  17
    Studies on the Civilization of Islam.George C. Miles, Hamilton A. R. Gibb, Stanford J. Shaw & William R. Polk - 1962 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 82 (4):561.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  48.  30
    William H. Emory: Soldier-Scientist. David L. Norris, James C. Milligan, Odie B. Faulk.William H. Goetzmann - 2000 - Isis 91 (1):164-165.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49.  13
    Magnitude of ucr as a function of variability in the cs-ucs relationship.Shirley C. Peeke & William W. Grings - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):64.
  50.  6
    Beyond the Meme.Alan Love & William C. Wimsatt - 2019 - Minneapolis, MN, USA: University of Minnesota Press.
    Contributors: Sabina Leonelli Nancy J. Nersessian Michel Janssen Jacob G. Foster James A. Evans Mark A. Bedau Marshall Abrams Gilbert B. Tostevin Salikoko S. Mufwene Massimo Maiocchi Joseph D. Martin Paul E. Smaldino Claes Andersson Anton Törnberg Petter Törnberg Beyond the Meme assembles interdisciplinary perspectives on cultural evolution, providing a nuanced understanding of it as a process in which dynamic structures interact on different scales of size and time. The volume demonstrates how a thick understanding of change in culture emerges (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 1000