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Chris Brown [27]Campbell Brown [25]Curtis Brown [22]Charles Brown [17]
C. Mackenzie Brown [15]Christopher M. Brown [14]C. Brown [13]Charles S. Brown [12]

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C. Brown
Queen's University, Belfast
Campbell Brown
London School of Economics
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  1. Consequentialize This.Campbell Brown - 2011 - Ethics 121 (4):749-771.
    To 'consequentialise' is to take a putatively non-consequentialist moral theory and show that it is actually just another form of consequentialism. Some have speculated that every moral theory can be consequentialised. If this were so, then consequentialism would be empty; it would have no substantive content. As I argue here, however, this is not so. Beginning with the core consequentialist commitment to 'maximising the good', I formulate a precise definition of consequentialism and demonstrate that, given this definition, several sorts of (...)
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  2. Belief and Rationality.Curtis Brown & Steven Luper-Foy - 1991 - Synthese 89 (3):323 - 329.
  3. The Composition of Reasons.Campbell Brown - unknown
    How do reasons combine? How is it that several reasons taken together can have a combined weight which exceeds the weight of any one alone? I propose an answer in mereological terms: reasons combine by composing a further, complex reason of which they are parts. Their combined weight is the weight of their combination. I develop a mereological framework, and use this to investigate some structural views about reasons, the main two being "Atomism" and "Holism". Atomism is the view that (...)
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  4. On Amartya Sen and The Idea of Justice.Chris Brown - 2010 - Ethics and International Affairs 24 (3):309-318.
    The Idea of Justice" summarizes and extends many of the themes Amartya Sen has been engaged with for the last quarter century: economic versus political rights, cultural relativism and the origin of notions such as human rights, and entitlements and their relation to gender equality.
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  5. Better Never to Have Been Believed: Benatar on the Harm of Existence: Campbell Brown.Campbell Brown - 2011 - Economics and Philosophy 27 (1):45-52.
    In Better Never to Have Been, David Benatar argues that existence is always a harm. His argument, in brief, is that this follows from a theory of personal good which we ought to accept because it best explains several???asymmetries???. I shall argue here that Benatar's theory suffers from a defect which was already widely known to afflict similar theories, and that the main asymmetry he discusses is better explained in a way which allows that existence is often not a harm.
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  6. Minding the Is-Ought Gap.Campbell Brown - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (1):53-69.
    The ‘No Ought From Is’ principle (or ‘NOFI’) states that a valid argument cannot have both an ethical conclusion and non-ethical premises. Arthur Prior proposed several well-known counterexamples, including the following: Tea-drinking is common in England; therefore, either tea-drinking is common in England or all New Zealanders ought to be shot. My aim in this paper is to defend NOFI against Prior’s counterexamples. I propose two novel interpretations of NOFI and prove that both are true.
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  7. Maximalism and the Structure of Acts.Campbell Brown - 2018 - Noûs (4):752-771.
    Suppose we believe that a property F is coextensive with moral permissibility. F may be, for example, the property of having the best consequences, if we are Consequentialists, or that of conforming to a universalisable maxim, if we are Kantians, and so on. This may raise the following problem. It is plausible that permissibility is “closed under implication”: any act that is implied by a permissible act must itself be permissible. Yet, in some cases, F might not be closed under (...)
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  8. Priority or Sufficiency …or Both?Campbell Brown - 2005 - Economics and Philosophy 21 (2):199-220.
    Prioritarianism is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are worse off. Sufficientism, on the other hand, is the view that we ought to give priority to benefiting those who are not sufficiently well off. This paper concerns the relative merits of these two views; in particular, it examines an argument advanced by Roger Crisp to the effect that sufficientism is the superior of the two. My aim is to show that Crisp's argument is unsound. (...)
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  9.  19
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Chris Brown - 2018 - Topoi 37 (3):523-532.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  10.  26
    Eco-Phenomenology: Back to the Earth Itself.Charles S. Brown & Ted Toadvine (eds.) - 2003 - State University of New York Press.
    Explores how continental philosophy can inform environmental ethics.
  11. Higher-Order Semantics and Extensionality.Christoph Benzmüller, Chad E. Brown & Michael Kohlhase - 2004 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 69 (4):1027 - 1088.
    In this paper we re-examine the semantics of classical higher-order logic with the purpose of clarifying the role of extensionality. To reach this goal, we distinguish nine classes of higher-order models with respect to various combinations of Boolean extensionality and three forms of functional extensionality. Furthermore, we develop a methodology of abstract consistency methods (by providing the necessary model existence theorems) needed to analyze completeness of (machine-oriented) higher-order calculi with respect to these model classes.
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  12. Book Review: Pastoral Care of Alcohol AbusersPastoral Care of Alcohol Abusers by WeaverAndrew J. And KoenigHarold G.Fortress, Minneapolis, 2009. 77 Pp. $ 16.00. ISBN 978-0-8006-6261-5. [REVIEW]Charles E. Brown - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (1):106-107.
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  13. A New and Improved Supervenience Argument for Ethical Descriptivism.Campbell Brown - 2011 - In Russ Shafer-Landau (ed.), Oxford Studies in Metaethics, Vol. 6. Oxford University Press. pp. 205-18.
    Ethical descriptivism is the view that all ethical properties are descriptive properties. Frank Jackson has proposed an argument for this view which begins with the premise that the ethical supervenes on the descriptive, any worlds that differ ethically must differ also descriptively. This paper observes that Jackson's argument has a curious structure, taking a linguistic detour between metaphysical starting and ending points, and raises some worries stemming from this. It then proposes an improved version of the argument, which avoids these (...)
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  14.  41
    From Spectator to Agent.Charlotte Brown - 1994 - Hume Studies 20 (1):19-35.
  15. Minds Within Minds: An Infinite Descent of Mentality in a Physical World.Christopher Brown - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (6):1339-1350.
    Physicalism is frequently understood as the thesis that everything depends upon a fundamental physical level. This standard formulation of physicalism has a rarely noted and arguably unacceptable consequence—it makes physicalism come out false in worlds which have no fundamental level, for instance worlds containing things which can infinitely decompose into smaller and smaller parts. If physicalism is false, it should not be for this reason. Thus far, there is only one proposed solution to this problem, and it comes from the (...)
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  16. Starting with Hume.Charlotte Brown & William Morris - 2012 - Bloomsbury Academic.
  17.  36
    Making Room for a This-Worldly Physicalism.Barbara Gail Montero & Christopher Devlin Brown - forthcoming - Topoi:1-10.
    Physicalism is thought to entail that mental properties supervene on microphysical properties, or in other words that all God had to do was to create the fundamental physical properties and the rest came along for free. In this paper, we question the all-god-had-to-do reflex.
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  18.  74
    Narrow Mental Content.Curtis Brown - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Narrow mental content is a kind of mental content that does not depend on an individual's environment. Narrow content contrasts with “broad” or “wide” content, which depends on features of the individual's environment as well as on features of the individual. It is controversial whether there is any such thing as narrow content. Assuming that there is, it is also controversial what sort of content it is, what its relation to ordinary or “broad” content is, and how it is determined (...)
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  19.  2
    Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging and Functional Near-Infrared Spectroscopy: Insights From Combined Recording Studies.Vanessa Scarapicchia, Cassandra Brown, Chantel Mayo & Jodie R. Gawryluk - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  20.  89
    Two Kinds of Holism About Values.Campbell Brown - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):456–463.
    I compare two kinds of holism about values: G.E. Moore's 'organic unities', and Jonathan Dancy's 'value holism'. I propose a simple formal model for representing evaluations of parts and wholes. I then define two conditions, additivism and invariabilism, which together imply a third, atomism. Since atomism is absurd, we must reject one of the former two conditions. This is where Moore and Dancy part company: whereas Moore rejects additivism, Dancy rejects invariabilism. I argue that Moore's view is more plausible. Invariabilism (...)
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  21.  19
    Immigration and Rights: On Wellman's “Stark” Conclusion.Campbell Brown - 2019 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 8 (3):232-235.
    Thought: A Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
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  22.  39
    Self-Defense in an Imperfect World.Chris Brown - 2003 - Ethics and International Affairs 17 (1):2-8.
    In his address at West Point on June 1, 2002, President George W. Bush appeared to be signaling America’s willingness to regard the mere possession of weapons of mass destruction by potential enemies as grounds for an anticipatory war.
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  23.  44
    The Western Roots of Avataric Evolutionism in Colonial India.C. Mackenzie Brown - 2007 - Zygon 42 (2):423-448.
  24. Two Versions of Hume's Law.Campbell Brown - 2015 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (1):2-7.
    Moral conclusions cannot validly be inferred from nonmoral premises – this principle, commonly called “Hume’s law,” presents a conundrum. On one hand, it seems obviously true, and its truth is often simply taken for granted. On the other hand, an ingenious argument by A. N. Prior seems to refute it. My aim here is a resolution. I shall argue, first, that Hume’s law is ambiguous, admitting both a strong and a weak interpretation; second, that the strong interpretation is false, as (...)
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  25.  51
    A Properly Physical Russellian Physicalism.Christopher Devlin Brown - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):31-50.
    Russellian physicalism has the promise of answering all the typical challenges that non-physicalists have issued against standard versions of physicalism, while not giving up physicalism's commitment to the non-existence of fundamental mentality. However, it has been argued that Russellian physicalism must endorse the existence of physically unacceptable protomental properties in order to address these challenges, which would mean giving up on a core physicalist tenet of keeping the fundamental realm untainted by a special relationship to mentality. Against this, I argue (...)
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  26. Conciliation, Conflict, or Complementarity: Responses to Three Voices in the Hinduism and Science Discourse.C. Mackenzie Brown - 2012 - Zygon 47 (3):608-623.
    Abstract This essay is a response to three review articles on two recently published books dealing with aspects of Hinduism and science: Jonathan Edelmann's Hindu Theology and Biology: The Bhāgavata Purāṇa and Contemporary Theory, and my own, Hindu Perspectives on Evolution: Darwin, Dharma and Design. The task set by the editor of Zygon for the three reviewers was broad: they could make specific critiques of the two books, or they could use them as starting points to engage in a broad (...)
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  27.  56
    The Rightest Theory of Degrees of Rightness.Campbell Brown - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (1):21-29.
  28.  93
    Book Review: The Faces of Forgiveness: Searching for Wholeness and SalvationThe Faces of Forgiveness: Searching for Wholeness and SalvationbyShultsF. LeRonandSandageSteven J.Baker Academic, Grand Rapids, 2003. 269 Pp. $17.99. ISBN 0-8010-2624-5. [REVIEW]Charles Brown - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (4):442-445.
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  29. Is Hume an Internalist?Charlotte Brown - 1988 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 26 (1):69-87.
    Hume is committed, By one of his criticisms of reason as the route to moral knowledge, To an internalist position. In the argument from motivation, Hume starts by observing that morality is practical--That morals excite passions and produce or prevent actions. But, Hume argues, Rationalist moral theories cannot explain how moral considerations motivate. This is because reason alone is incapable of motivating us. The premise that morality is practical, However, May be interpreted in two ways--Either in an externalist or internalist (...)
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  30.  6
    Eco-Phenomenology: Back to the Earth Itself.Charles S. Brown & Ted Toadvine - 2005 - Human Studies 28 (1):101-106.
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  31. Giving Up Levelling Down.Campbell Brown - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):111-134.
    The so-called “Levelling Down Objection” is commonly believed to occupy a central role in the debate between egalitarians and prioritarians. Egalitarians think that equality is good in itself, and so they are committed to finding value even in such equality as may only be achieved by “levelling down”–i.e., by merely reducing the better off to the level of the worse off. Although egalitarians might deny that levelling down could ever make for an all-things-considered improvement, they cannot deny that it may (...)
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  32.  5
    Isn't All of Oncology Hermeneutic?Nancy J. Moules, David W. Jardine, Graham P. McCaffrey & Christopher B. Brown - 2013 - Journal of Applied Hermeneutics 2013 (1).
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  33. Prioritarianism for Variable Populations.Campbell Brown - 2007 - Philosophical Studies 134 (3):325-361.
    Philosophical discussions of prioritarianism, the view that we ought to give priority to those who are worse off, have hitherto been almost exclusively focused on cases involving a fixed population. The aim of this paper is to extend the discussion of prioritarianism to encompass also variable populations. I argue that prioritarianism, in its simplest formulation, is not tenable in this area. However, I also propose several revised formulations that, so I argue, show more promise.
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  34. Reply to Benatar.Campbell Brown - 2013 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-2.
  35.  34
    Sex Crimes and Misdemeanours.Campbell Brown - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-17.
    How wrong is it to deceive a person into having sex with you? The common view seems to be that this depends on the nature of the deception. If it involves something very important, such as your identity, then the wrong done is very serious. But if it involves something more trivial, such as your natural hair colour, then the wrong seems less great. Tom Dougherty rejects this view. He argues that sexual deception is always seriously wrong. In this paper, (...)
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  36. Still No Redundant Properties: Reply to Wielenberg.Campbell Brown - 2012 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy (3):1-6.
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  37.  19
    Priming a Natural or Human-Made Environment Directs Attention to Context-Congruent Threatening Stimuli.Steven G. Young, Christina M. Brown & Nalini Ambady - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (5):927-933.
  38.  43
    Making the Best Even Better.Christopher M. Brown - 2015 - Faith and Philosophy 32 (1):63-80.
    In a recent paper, “Incompatiblism, Sin, and Free Will in Heaven,” Timothy Pawl and Kevin Timpe discuss and propose a novel solution to a problem posed for traditional Christian theism that they call the Problem of Heavenly Freedom. In short, Christian tradition contains what seems to be a contradiction, namely, the redeemed in heaven are free but nonetheless can’t sin. Pawl and Timpe’s solution to the Problem of Heavenly Freedom is particularly attractive for two reasons: it shows great respect for (...)
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  39.  20
    Moral Agency and International Society.Chris Brown - 2001 - Ethics and International Affairs 15 (2):87-98.
    Some have argued that the UN or the Security Council can exercise agency on behalf of IS, but in view of the "underinstitutionalization" of IS in the UN, groups of states may authorize themselves to act on the behalf of IS as "coalitions of the willing.".
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  40.  47
    The Design Argument in Classical Hindu Thought.C. Mackenzie Brown - 2008 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 12 (2):103-151.
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  41. I Can't Make You Worship Me.Campbell Brown & Yujin Nagasawa - 2005 - Ratio 18 (2):138–144.
    This paper argues that Divine Command Theory is inconsistent with the veiw, held by many theists, that we have a moral obligation to worship God.
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  42. John Rawls, "the Law of Peoples," and International Political Theory.Chris Brown - 2000 - Ethics and International Affairs 14:125–132.
    "The Law of Peoples" has been extended into a monograph with the same title,which is the main focus of this essay. Brown includes a sketch of Rawls’s project as a whole as a necessary preliminary.
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  43.  43
    Souls, Ships, and Substances: A Response to Toner.Christopher M. Brown - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):655-668.
    I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus (AST). First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical (although not impossible). Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive (...)
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  44.  10
    Glivenko and Kuroda for Simple Type Theory.Chad E. Brown & Christine Rizkallah - 2014 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 79 (2):485-495.
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  45.  27
    Souls, Ships, and Substances.Christopher M. Brown - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (4):655 - 668.
    I do four things in responding to Patrick Toner’s incisive critique of my Aquinas and the Ship of Theseus . First, I further motivate Aquinas’s position that Socrates exists in the post-mortem and ante-resurrection state by noting that Socrates’ situation is at least analogous to other states of affairs that would certainly count as atypical . Secondly, I offer a revised Thomistic account of artefact identity through time in light of Toner’s objections to Aquinas’srestrictive view. Unlike the restrictive view, this (...)
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  46. The Best of All Possible Worlds.C. Brown & Y. Nagasawa - 2005 - Synthese 143 (3):309-320.
    The Argument from Inferiority holds that our world cannot be the creation of an omnipotent and omnibenevolent being; for if it were, it would be the best of all possible worlds, which evidently it is not. We argue that this argument rests on an implausible principle concerning which worlds it is permissible for an omnipotent being to create: roughly, the principle that such a being ought not to create a non-best world. More specifically, we argue that this principle is plausible (...)
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  47. The Conflict Between Religion and Science in Light of the Patterns of Religious Belief Among Scientists.C. Mackenzie Brown - 2003 - Zygon 38 (3):603-632.
    Recent summaries of psychologist James H. Leuba's pioneering studies on the religious beliefs of American scientists have misrepresented his findings and ignored important aspects of his analyses, including predictions regarding the future of religion. Much of the recent interest in Leuba was sparked by Edward J. Larson and Larry Witham's commentary in Nature , “Scientists Are Still Keeping the Faith.” Larson and Witham compared the results of their 1996 survey of one thousand randomly selected American scientists regarding their religious beliefs (...)
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  48. What is a Belief State?Curtis Brown - 1986 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 10 (1):357-378.
    What we believe depends on more than the purely intrinsic facts about us: facts about our environment or context also help determine the contents of our beliefs. 1 This observation has led several writers to hope that beliefs can be divided, as it were, into two components: a "core" that depends only on the individual?s intrinsic properties; and a periphery that depends on the individual?s context, including his or her history, environment, and linguistic community. Thus Jaegwon Kim suggests that "within (...)
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  49.  6
    Ethical Issues When Graduate Students Act as Mentors.Cynthia E. Brown - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (8):688-702.
    The field of ethics in psychology has devoted a great deal of attention to the ethical issues that arise when students and faculty develop mentor–mentee relationships. However, little attention has been given to examining the role of graduate students acting as mentors. Graduate students often supervise and evaluate undergraduates as a part of research and teaching responsibilities, and may act as mentors to more junior graduate students. This article discusses the unique qualities and ethical considerations of graduate students in mentoring (...)
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  50. Eco-Phenomenology: Back to the Earth Itself.Charles S. Brown & Ted Toadvine - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (2):269-271.
     
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