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C. A. Clarke [3]C. J. S. Clarke [3]Ciaran Clarke [2]C. Clarke [2]

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Christopher Clarke
University of Southampton
Christopher Clarke
Cambridge University
Connor Clarke
University of Wales Aberystwyth
2 more
  1. Functionalism and the Role of Psychology in Economics.Christopher Clarke - 2020 - Journal of Economic Methodology 27 (4):292-310.
    Should economics study the psychological basis of agents’ choice behaviour? I show how this question is multifaceted and profoundly ambiguous. There is no sharp distinction between ‘mentalist’ answ...
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  2. Preferences and Positivist Methodology in Economics.Christopher Clarke - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (2):192-212.
    I distinguish several doctrines that economic methodologists have found attractive, all of which have a positivist flavour. One of these is the doctrine that preference assignments in economics are just shorthand descriptions of agents' choice behaviour. Although most of these doctrines are problematic, the latter doctrine about preference assignments is a respectable one, I argue. It doesn't entail any of the problematic doctrines, and indeed it is warranted independently of them.
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  3. The Explanatory Virtue of Abstracting Away From Idiosyncratic and Messy Detail.Christopher Clarke - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (6):1429-1449.
    Some explanations are relatively abstract: they abstract away from the idiosyncratic or messy details of the case in hand. The received wisdom in philosophy is that this is a virtue for any explanation to possess. I argue that the apparent consensus on this point is illusory. When philosophers make this claim, they differ on which of four alternative varieties of abstractness they have in mind. What’s more, for each variety of abstractness there are several alternative reasons to think that the (...)
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  4. Neuroeconomics and Confirmation Theory.Christopher Clarke - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (2):195-215.
    Neuroeconomics is a research programme founded on the thesis that cognitive and neurobiological data constitute evidence for answering economic questions. I employ confirmation theory in order to reject arguments both for and against neuroeconomics. I also emphasize that some arguments for neuroeconomics will not convince the skeptics because these arguments make a contentious assumption: economics aims for predictions and deep explanations of choices in general. I then argue for neuroeconomics by appealing to a much more restrictive (and thereby skeptic-friendly) characterization (...)
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  5. How to Define Levels of Explanation and Evaluate Their Indispensability.Christopher Clarke - 2017 - Synthese 194 (6).
    Some explanations in social science, psychology and biology belong to a higher level than other explanations. And higher explanations possess the virtue of abstracting away from the details of lower explanations, many philosophers argue. As a result, these higher explanations are irreplaceable. And this suggests that there are genuine higher laws or patterns involving social, psychological and biological states. I show that this ‘abstractness argument’ is really an argument schema, not a single argument. This is because the argument uses the (...)
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  6.  27
    Clinical Governance, Performance Appraisal and Interactional and Procedural Fairness at a New Zealand Public Hospital.Carol Clarke, Mark Harcourt & Matthew Flynn - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):667-678.
    This paper explores the conduct of performance appraisals of nurses in a New Zealand hospital, and how fairness is perceived in such appraisals. In the health sector, performance appraisals of medical staff play a key role in implementing clinical governance, which, in turn, is critical to containing health care costs and ensuring quality patient care. Effective appraisals depend on employees perceiving their own appraisals to be fair both in terms of procedure and interaction with their respective appraiser. We examine qualitative (...)
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  7. Ways of Knowing: Science and Mysticism Today.C. Clarke (ed.) - 2005 - Imprint Academic.
    The editorial stance of this book is that mysticism and science offer a way forward here, but only if they abandon the idol of a single logical synthesis and acknowledge the diversity of different ways of knowing. The contributors from disciplines as diverse as music, psychology, mathematics and religion, build a vision that honours diversity while pointing to an implicit unity.
     
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  8.  49
    The Nonlocality of Mind.Christopher J. S. Clarke - 1995 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 2 (3):231-40.
    The dominance in normal awareness of visual percepts, which are linked to space, obscures the fact that most thoughts are non-spatial. It is argued that the mind is intrinsically non-spatial, though in perception can become compresent with spatial things derived from outside the mind. The assumption that the brain is entirely spatial is also challenged, on the grounds that there is a perfectly good place for the non-spatial in physics. A quantum logic approach to physics, which takes non-locality as its (...)
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  9.  22
    Paths Between Positivism and Interpretivism : An Appraisal of Hay's Via Media.Chris Clarke - 2009 - .
    Hay's Political Analysis raises foundational issues for all social scientists, not least in its outline for a via media, or middle way, between positivist and interpretivist social science. In this view, social science should be firmly grounded in empirical study but take seriously the notion that there is no privileged vantage point from which to generate dispassionate knowledge claims about the social world. This article asks whether this apparent via media is coherent and meaningfully captures what it means to be (...)
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  10.  36
    The Role of Quantum Physics in the Theory of Subjective Consciousness.Chris Clarke - 2007 - Mind and Matter 5 (1):45-81.
    I argue that a dual-aspect theory of consciousness, associated with a particular class of quantum states, can provide a consistent account of consciousness. I illustrate this with the use of coherent states as this class. The proposal meets Chalmers 'requirements of allowing a structural correspondence between consciousness and its physical correlate. It provides a means for consciousness to have an effect on the world in a way that supplements and completes conventional physics, rather than interfering with it. I draw on (...)
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  11. Quantum Theory and Cosmolog.C. J. S. Clarke - 1974 - Philosophy of Science 41 (4):317-332.
    Interpretations, or generalizations, of quantum theory that are applicable to cosmology are of interest because they must display and resolve the "paradoxes" directly. The Everett interpretation is reexamined and compared with two alternatives. Its "metaphysical" connotations can be removed, after which it is found to be more acceptable than a theory which incorporates collapse, while retaining some unsatisfactory features.
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  12.  56
    Animals, Zombanimals, and the Total Turing Test.Bringsjord Selmer, Caporale Clarke & Noel Ron - 2000 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 9 (4):397-418.
    Alan Turing devised his famous test through a slight modificationof the parlor game in which a judge tries to ascertain the gender of twopeople who are only linguistically accessible. Stevan Harnad hasintroduced the Total TT, in which the judge can look at thecontestants in an attempt to determine which is a robot and which aperson. But what if we confront the judge with an animal, and arobot striving to pass for one, and then challenge him to peg which iswhich? Now (...)
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  13. The Role of Quantum Physics in the Theory of Subjective Consciousness.Christopher J. S. Clarke - 2007 - Mind and Matter 5 (1):45-81.
    I argue that a dual-aspect theory of consciousness, associated with a particular class of quantum states, can provide a consistent account of consciousness. I illustrate this with the use of coherent states as this class. The proposal meets Chalmers 'requirements of allowing a structural correspondence between consciousness and its physical correlate. It provides a means for consciousness to have an effect on the world (it is not an epiphenomenon, and can thus be selected by evolution) in a way that supplements (...)
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  14.  4
    Political Philosophy and Prosecutorial Power.Austin Sarat & Connor Clarke - 2009 - In Francis J. Mootz (ed.), On Philosophy in American Law. Cambridge University Press. pp. 106.
  15.  37
    Collapse of a Quantum Field May Affect Brain Function.C. M. H. Nunn, Christopher J. S. Clarke & B. H. Blott - 1994 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 1 (1):127-39.
    Experiments are described, using electroencephalography (EEG) and simple tests of performance, which support the hypothesis that collapse of a quantum field is of importance to the functioning of the brain. The theoretical basis of our experiments is derived from Penrose (1989) who suggested that conscious decision-making is a manifestation of the outcome of quantum computation in the brain involving collapse of some relevant wave function. He also proposed that collapse of any wave function depends on a gravitational criterion. As different (...)
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  16.  16
    Consciousness and Non-Hierarchical Physics.Christopher J. S. Clarke - 2001 - In P. Loockvane (ed.), The Physical Nature of Consciousness. John Benjamins. pp. 29--191.
    An example is presented of a model of consciousness based on a description of the world which integrates the material and psychological aspects from the start. An indication is given of work under way to test the model.
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  17.  1
    Cancer Pain and Coping.Sara E. Appleyard & Chris Clarke - 2019 - In Marc A. Russo, Joletta Belton, Bronwyn Lennox Thompson, Smadar Bustan, Marie Crowe, Deb Gillon, Cate McCall, Jennifer Jordan, James E. Eubanks, Michael E. Farrell, Brandon S. Barndt, Chandler L. Bolles, Maria Vanushkina, James W. Atchison, Helena Lööf, Christopher J. Graham, Shona L. Brown, Andrew W. Horne, Laura Whitburn, Lester Jones, Colleen Johnston-Devin, Florin Oprescu, Marion Gray, Sara E. Appleyard, Chris Clarke, Zehra Gok Metin, John Quintner, Melanie Galbraith, Milton Cohen, Emma Borg, Nathaniel Hansen, Tim Salomons & Grant Duncan (eds.), Meanings of Pain: Volume 2: Common Types of Pain and Language. Springer Verlag. pp. 185-207.
    Receiving a diagnosis of cancer can be devastating. Cancer continues to be one of the most feared diagnoses, and experiencing pain is a major fear for people diagnosed with cancer. Cancer pain is complex in aetiology and can be acute or chronic and can be caused by various compression, ischaemic, neuropathic or inflammatory processes. Many people with cancer will experience excruciating pain, which is often underreported and undertreated. The reasons for this are complex and include various factors including fears and (...)
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  18.  30
    Nature's Education of Man Some Remarks on the Philosophy of Wordsworth.C. Clarke - 1948 - Philosophy 23 (87):302 - 316.
    The author examines "the prelude" by wordsworth in order to illuminate precisely how wordsworth believed the spirit, Particularly as it manifested itself in the works of nature, Could influence and shape the mind of man. (staff).
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  19. A Hundred Wonders of the Modern World and of the Three Kingdoms of Nature: Described According to the Best and Latest Authorities and Illustrated by Numerous Engravings.C. C. Clarke - 2010 - Cambridge University Press.
    Sir Richard Phillips was a London-born author and publisher of educational textbooks who used a vast array of pseudonyms, including that of Reverend C. C. Clarke. Phillips' marketing techniques - the systematic borrowing of famous authors' names for his textbooks, along with the multiplication of easy to produce related educational products - were key to his success. No doubt meant as an accessible encyclopaedia, this 40th edition of 1834 - attributed to Phillips himself - is a surprisingly vast and heterogeneous (...)
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  20.  8
    An Introduction to Medical Genetics.C. A. Clarke - 1964 - The Eugenics Review 55 (4):225.
  21.  2
    A Mother's Story.Cheryl Clarke - 1983 - Feminist Studies 9 (3):523.
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  22. A New Quantum Theoretical Framework for Parapsychology.Chris Clarke - 2008 - European Journal of Parapsychology 23 (1):3-30.
    An account is given of a recent proposal to complete modern quantum theory by adding a characterisation of consciousness. The resulting theory is applied to give mechanisms for typical parapsychological phenomena, and ways of testing it are discussed.
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  23.  31
    Being and Field Theory: Review Article.Chris Clarke - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):135-139.
    This article arises from the remarkably multi-faceted book Brain and Being edited by Gordon Globus and others, hereafter referred to as B&B. It raises questions (though not unusually, few answers) about several related areas: the way in which quantum theory might endow the physical matter of the brain with surprising, though still essentially classical, properties; the possibility that quantum field theory might shed a wholly new light on aspects of consciousness, in both the subjective and neurological approaches; and, at the (...)
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  24.  37
    Fuelling the Machine: Slave Trade and the Industrial Revolution.Christine Clarke - 2010 - Constellations (University of Alberta Student Journal) 1 (2).
    Some have contested the Industrial Revolution’s status as a climactic event bringing social and political upheaval. However, the abolishment of slavery, the destruction of traditional ways of life, and the rise of class-consciousness confirm the climactic nature of this period. In analyzing the dramatic changes in the social organization of British society, this paper aims to reclaim the title of the Industrial Revolution as just that--revolutionary.
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  25.  1
    Genetics and Man.C. A. Clarke - 1965 - The Eugenics Review 57 (1):32.
  26.  11
    Greta Garbo.Cheryl Clarke - 1992 - Feminist Studies 18 (3):627.
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  27. Knowing, Doing, and Being: New Foundations for Consciousness Studies.Chris Clarke - 2013 - Imprint Academic.
    Between 1965 and 2002 several key lines of research emerged which, taken together, can potentially revolutionise our understanding of the place of consciousness in the universe. Two of these are crucial: first, the analyses of human mental processes by Barnard, and independently by McGilchrist, revealing two separate elements, one rational and one based on relationships; and, second, research by several workers linking quantum theory to consciousness in much greater detail than hitherto. Both of these investigations use an alternative logical system (...)
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  28. Lesbians and the Uses of Black Women's Traditions.Cheryl Clarke - 1993 - In Stanlie M. James & Abena P. A. Busia (eds.), Theorizing Black Feminisms: The Visionary Pragmatism of Black Women. Routledge. pp. 217.
  29.  4
    Milking It for All It’s Worth: Unpalatable Practices, Dairy Cows and Veterinary Work?Caroline Clarke & David Knights - forthcoming - Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.
    Viewing animals as a disposable resource is by no means novel, but does milking the cow for all its worth now represent a previously unimaginable level of exploitation? New technology has intensified milk production fourfold over the last 50 years, rendering the cow vulnerable to various and frequent clinical interventions deemed necessary to meet the demands for dairy products. A major question is whether or not the veterinary code of practice fits, or is in ethical tension, with the administration of (...)
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  30.  1
    Medicine in Modern Society.C. A. Clarke - 1966 - The Eugenics Review 58 (1):34.
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  31.  15
    ‘Missing Persons’: Technical Terminology as a Barrier in Psychiatry.Ciaran Clarke - 2012 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 15 (1):23-30.
    Several fields contributing to psychiatric advances, such as psychology, biology, and the humanities, have not yet met to produce a cohesive and integrated picture of human function and dysfunction, strength and vulnerability, etc., despite advances in their own areas. The failure may have its roots in a disagreement on what we mean by the human person and his or her relationship with the world, for which the incommensurate language of these disciplines may be partly to blame. Turns taken by western (...)
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  32. Multi-Level Selection and the Explanatory Value of Mathematical Decompositions.Christopher Clarke - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1025-1055.
    Do multi-level selection explanations of the evolution of social traits deepen the understanding provided by single-level explanations? Central to the former is a mathematical theorem, the multi-level Price decomposition. I build a framework through which to understand the explanatory role of such non-empirical decompositions in scientific practice. Applying this general framework to the present case places two tasks on the agenda. The first task is to distinguish the various ways of suppressing within-collective variation in fitness, and moreover to evaluate their (...)
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  33.  4
    Puzzles in Longevity.Cyril A. Clarke & Ursula Mittwoch - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (3):327.
  34. Process Tracing: Defining the Undefinable.Christopher Clarke - forthcoming - In The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Political Science.
    A good definition of process tracing should highlight what is distinctive about process tracing as a methodology of causal inference. I look at eight criteria that are used to define process tracing in the methodological literature, and I dismiss all eight criteria as unhelpful (some because they are too restrictive, and others because they are vacuous). In place of these criteria, I propose four alternative criteria, and I draw a distinction between process tracing for the ultimate aim of testing a (...)
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  35. Quantum and Consciousness: A Cognitive Subsystems Perspective.Chris Clarke - 2014 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 21 (3-4):74-88.
    A survey is presented of possible connections between quantum theory and consciousness that have been proposed in the past and those that have now opened as a result of work on cognitive subsystems of the brain in the past 10 years. It is argued that, in the light of such work and in contrast to speculations prior to it, these connections can now be seen as necessary and their investigation as feasible.
     
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  36.  9
    Rondeau.Cheryl Clarke - 1992 - Feminist Studies 18 (3):625.
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  37.  23
    Review of Francesco Guala "Understanding Institutions". [REVIEW]Christopher Clarke - 2017 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
  38.  31
    Reply to Stanley Kerr.C. J. S. Clarke - 1976 - Philosophy of Science 43 (4):583-584.
  39. Reality Through the Looking-Glass: Science and Awareness in the Postmodern World.C. J. S. Clarke - 1996 - Floris Books.
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  40.  9
    Social Finance Meets Financial Innovation: Contemporary Experiments in Payments, Money and Debt.Chris Clarke & Lauren Tooker - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (3):3-11.
    This special section explores the intersection of social finance and financial innovation in contemporary technologies of relational finance. The articles that follow study detailed cases of contemporary experiments in payments, money and credit-debt relations. By way of introduction, in this short piece we outline three paradoxes at the heart of these experiments: the feudal life of capitalist financial innovation; the social life of supposedly asocial crypto-currencies; and the market life of relational financial dissent.
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  41. The Correlation Argument for Reductionism.Christopher Clarke - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (1):76-97.
    Reductionists say things like: all mental properties are physical properties; all normative properties are natural properties. I argue that the only way to resist reductionism is to deny that causation is difference making (thus making the epistemology of causation a mystery) or to deny that properties are individuated by their causal powers (thus making properties a mystery). That is to say, unless one is happy to deny supervenience, or to trivialize the debate over reductionism. To show this, I argue that (...)
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  42.  8
    The Cambridge Social History of Modern Ireland: Edited by E.F. Biagini and M.E. Daly, Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York, NY: Cambridge University Press, 2017.Ciaran Clarke - 2019 - Journal of Medical Humanities 40 (2):281-283.
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  43. The Social Context.Chris Clarke - 2005 - In C. Clarke (ed.), Ways of Knowing: Science and Mysticism Today. Imprint Academic.
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  44.  23
    The Sense of Being Stared At: Its Relevance to the Physics of Consciousness.Christopher J. S. Clarke - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (6):78-82.
  45.  9
    The Turnstile.Cheryl Clarke - 1992 - Feminist Studies 18 (3):626.
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  46.  11
    Nursing Older People: Constructing Need and Care.Jan Reed & Charlotte L. Clarke - 1999 - Nursing Inquiry 6 (3):208-215.
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  47.  11
    Meanings of Pain: Volume 2: Common Types of Pain and Language.Marc A. Russo, Joletta Belton, Bronwyn Lennox Thompson, Smadar Bustan, Marie Crowe, Deb Gillon, Cate McCall, Jennifer Jordan, James E. Eubanks, Michael E. Farrell, Brandon S. Barndt, Chandler L. Bolles, Maria Vanushkina, James W. Atchison, Helena Lööf, Christopher J. Graham, Shona L. Brown, Andrew W. Horne, Laura Whitburn, Lester Jones, Colleen Johnston-Devin, Florin Oprescu, Marion Gray, Sara E. Appleyard, Chris Clarke, Zehra Gok Metin, John Quintner, Melanie Galbraith, Milton Cohen, Emma Borg, Nathaniel Hansen, Tim Salomons & Grant Duncan - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  48.  18
    Experiments in Relational Finance: Harnessing the Social in Everyday Debt and Credit.Lauren Tooker & Chris Clarke - 2018 - Theory, Culture and Society 35 (3):57-76.
    In the wake of successive crises, novel politics and ethics are emerging around attempts to institute a ‘new’ world of finance in the name of social relations. Financial start-ups and development organizations, often working alongside established financial institutions, are experimenting with the ‘social’ in order to create markets and scale up their activities. At the same time, people continue to advance social claims in finance out of concern for others. This article examines the rise, politics and ethics of this experimentation (...)
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  49.  2
    What Do Patients Value as Incentives for Participation in Clinical Trials? A Pilot Discrete Choice Experiment.Akke Vellinga, Colum Devine, Min Yun Ho, Colin Clarke, Patrick Leahy, Jane Bourke, Declan Devane, Sinead Duane & Patricia Kearney - 2020 - Research Ethics 16 (1-2):1-12.
    Incentivising has shown to improve participation in clinical trials. However, ethical concerns suggest that incentives may be coercive, obscure trial risks and encourage individuals to enrol in cli...
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