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  1.  62
    Phenomenology of Perception. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):805-805.
    The longawaited translation of one of the most important philosophical works of our time. Merleau-Ponty's reflections upon perception, "the only absolute for philosophy," expand in a continuous way to the wider issues of human being: scientific knowledge, history, art, sexuality, the use of signs, learning processes, solitude and community, freedom, etc. Smith's translation is excellent, and his occasional notes are helpful. One only wishes there had been more of them; for Merleau-Ponty, more than most philosophers, relies crucially upon poetic nuances, (...)
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  2.  16
    Histoire de la Folie À l'Age Classique. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):144-144.
    An exhaustive, exhausting, difficult, and inspired history of the cultural experience of madness, from the late Middle Ages to the early Nineteenth Century. Foucault immerses himself in the actual evidences of the phenomenon of madness: literary and dramatic works, records of governments, hospitals, prisons, and religious institutions, and the expressions of philosophers and sages. The history of madness is the history of the gestures that define it-confinement, punishment, neglect, therapy. Foucault's final statement of the antinomies and the debilitating impoverishment of (...)
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  3.  41
    L'Aventure, l'Ennui, le Sérieux. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):628-628.
    Adventure, boredom and seriousness are three perspectives on time which require each other for their definitions. Jankélévitch makes rich use of the literature of many languages and ages. These reflections and analyses have the allure of virtuosity-they dance, they surprise, they threaten to break loose from the bonds of sobriety and caution; all of which may or may not be a virtue in philosophical thinking, but it undeniably makes for lively reading.--C. D.
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  4.  66
    Book Review:The Meaning of National Guilds. C. E. Bechhofer, M. B. Reckitt. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1919 - International Journal of Ethics 29 (4):504-.
  5.  35
    Philosophy of Teaching. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (1):150-150.
    An undistinguished survey of educational philosophies, in search of a "unitized" gestalt of education.--C. D.
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  6. La Segunda Semana Teológica.D. V. C. - 1942 - Ciencia Tomista 63:198-202.
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  7. ROSSI M. M., "Per una concezione attivistica della filosofia". [REVIEW]D. C. D. C. - 1940 - Giornale Critico Della Filosofia Italiana 8:463.
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  8.  32
    European Positivism in the Nineteenth Century. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):592-593.
    As the author shows, intellectual history is very different from the history of philosophy; but one wonders if the two kinds of history matter to each other. The author's complete lack of philosophical concerns may, of course, be a virtue, but it is also restrictive and self-defeating. Nevertheless, the book may well stand as the authoritative treatment of the history of Comte's positivism—an idea which, Simon declares at the outset, had little to recommend it but which did manage to have (...)
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  9.  32
    La Vérité. Actes du Xiie Congrès des Sociétés de Philosophie de Langue Française, Bruxelles-Louvain, 22-24 Août, 1964. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):165-165.
    Seventy brief essays, all but one of them on some aspect of the subject of truth. Though the journey from cover to cover is dull, there are a few excellent papers. The variety of philosophical schools and styles shows clearly that it is a mistake to identify contemporary French-language philosophy with any one trend or school.—C. D.
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  10.  31
    Monopsychism, Mysticism, Metaconsciousness. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):630-631.
    This study of "problems of the soul in the neoaristotelian and neoplatonic tradition" is exceedingly well documented and for the most part minutely argued. An historical examination of doctrines leading to, derived from, and similar to Plotinus' theory of nous eventuates in a "typology of solutions" or ideal types to which the various doctrines approximate. The final chapter traces nous to "collective consciousness, double consciousness, and metaconsciousness in Kant and some post-kantians," who are represented by Windelband, Husserl and Simmel. The (...)
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  11.  29
    The Philosophers of Greece. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (1):150-150.
    This superb introduction to the Greek philosophers offers not only information, but warm acquaintance with the "men and ideas that shaped our understanding of the world about us." Each philosophical monument is presented on its own terms, but the relations among them, and between all of them and contemporary thought, are also emphasized. The chapter on Plato is written with a Platonic accent, putting all the levels of cognition to work; and the chapter on Aristotle is organized Aristotelianly. The abundant (...)
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  12.  27
    Le Corps. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (4):773-773.
    True to the publisher's purpose, this book is an "initiation"; it is at once a synthesis of the main phenomenological studies of "the body" and a thesis-book which includes criticisms of some current views, notably Sartre's. The body must be understood in terms of présence, in other words, in terms of dynamic relationships; the knowledge of structures and attributes is subsumed under the inquiry into modalities of human existence. "Incarnation" is not something that can be finally known; the inquiry into (...)
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  13.  25
    Joan of Arc and Richard III: Sex, Saints, and Government in the Middle Ages. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1990 - Speculum 65 (2):506-508.
  14.  25
    The Hellenic Age. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):625-625.
    This is the first volume of seven in Bréhier's already classic Histoire de la philosophie: L'Antiquité et le Moyen Age. In translation, as in the original, it is graceful, profound and readable. The four main parts cover the Pre-socratics, Socrates, Plato and the Academy, Aristotle and the Lyceum. The Introduction--in some ways the most important part of the book--concerns the discipline of the history of philosophy. Beautifully printed, well annotated.--C. D.
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  15.  25
    The Present Age. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):396-396.
    Kierkegaard's passionate, witty essay on his own age, its lack of passion, humor, action, etc., is introduced equally passionately by Walter Kaufmann, whose animadversions on our own age are well worth the price of the book. If there is such a thing as virtuoso existentialist writing, the introduction is an example. Both Kierkegaard and Kaufmann feel that the essential question of "the present age" is, "Why do something rather than nothing at all?" In addition to the title essay, there is (...)
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  16.  30
    Spinoza’s Theory of Truth.D. A. C. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):145-146.
    Contained in this rather short but quite excellent Clarke F. Ansley Award winning work is a skillful presentation of an intriguing thesis: Spinoza’s definition and criterion of truth follows neither the strictly correspondence nor the strictly coherence lines which many commentators have suspected. Rather, says Mark, Spinoza’s doctrine follows the "ontological" view of truth, prevalent in ancient and medieval times. To be true is to be a being, a thing which "is." It is the author’s contention that there are texts (...)
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  17.  22
    Descartes, Complément À l'Histoire d'Une Préface Méconnue. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):626-627.
    Ehrmann contends that Descartes' 1647 preface to the Meditations, "Le Libraire au Lecteur," was suppressed by design in late 17th century editions, and subsequently by oversight. This is the preface which speaks of the "key to the book, without which no one could understand it." Ehrmann's pamphlet provides a sketchy history of the publication of Descartes' works and argues for the republication, with corrections, of the Adam and Tannery complete edition.--C. D.
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  18.  21
    Philosophie de la Médecine Psychosomatique. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):384-384.
    Mucchielli clearly and systematically reviews the history of theories of psychosomatic medicine, criticizing the dominant modern ideas such as "conversion," "régression," and "inadaptation." The failure to eliminate dualisms has been chiefly the failure to discern distinct levels of existence and the complex relations between them: to assert a difference between the organic level and the conscious level need not lead us into an impass of dualism. Mucchielli shows that not all psychosomatic disorders are psycogenetic, but that there are organic illnesses (...)
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  19.  20
    Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):397-397.
    The second volume in the Random House History of Philosophy, under the general editorship of Etienne Gilson. Maurer covers a very wide ground, ending with Suarez and the early Renaissance. The relevant dates and events are mentioned, but it is the philosophical work itself that is treated rather than biography and cultural background. Each section is fairly self-contained; introductions and summaries tie them together very well. This excellent history is meant chiefly for laymen and undergraduates, but is certainly not without (...)
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  20.  19
    A Kierkegaard Critique. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):809-809.
    Seventeen studies, many of them newly translated, present a wide view of current Kierkegaardean scholarship, with a decided emphasis upon S.K's message for the Christian faithful. Two or three authors join battle with earlier interpreters; at least two quarrel with Kierkegaard himself; most of them labor at clearing the way--in scholarly fashion--for Kierkegaard's aggression upon the reader's own consciousness.--C. D.
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  21.  17
    Fragments Philosophiques, 1909-1914. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):396-397.
    Students of Marcel will find this volume a helpful guide to the genesis of his mature thought; by themselves the "fragments" are of scant value, as the author himself states in a postscript written in 1961. During this five-year period, Marcel struggled mostly with Hegel and the post-Kantians, and though in complete ignorance of Kierkegaard, he paralleled the Dane's thought strikingly.--C. D.
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  22.  17
    Huit Essais Sur le Mal. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):582-582.
    A bewildering, frequently vertiginous and—as the author claims—"scandalous" and "frightening" book, not without exciting spots. The source of evil is incoherence, spawned by démesure and ignorance, and its instruments are always masked as goodness. The author's many-sided theses are not so much argued as shouted; and despite the frequent use of dialogues, the reader hardly feels invited to answer. Such is the power, such is the poverty, of philosophizing with a hammer.—C. D.
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  23.  17
    La Pensée Religieuse du Père Pierre Teilhard de Chardin. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):584-584.
    Teilhard de Chardin's religious thought has not received the attention that it deserves, being overshadowed by his more adventurous ideas. With this book, de Lubac wants to redress the balance. He traces the development of Teilhard's thought, the devotional motif in his inquiries, and the traditional character of his approaches to religious questions. The author takes great pains to answer Teilhard's critics and to straighten out the many malentendus which dogged him and apparently still persist.—C. D.
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  24.  17
    Zen Dictionary. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):589-589.
    Written casually and organized informally, this book is not properly a dictionary; its 351 entries include major Zen terms, names of historical figures, and topics of special interest to Western readers. --C. D.
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  25.  27
    Book Review:Political Liberty: A History of the Conception in the Middle Ages and Modern Times. A. J. Carlyle. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1941 - Ethics 52 (1):120-.
  26.  16
    Guide to Thomas Aquinas. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):398-398.
    An inclusive and non-technical introduction to "the universal teacher of Christendom," in which biography, history, and philosophical argument are intertwined. The author emphasizes parallels between Thomas' time and ours, and points to the special relevance of his spirit to the challenges of our age. A major theme of the book is that Thomistic "terminology" is not coincident with Thomas' "living language," and that the latter is decidedly more worthy of attention.--C. D.
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  27.  16
    Il Giudizio Estetico, Atti Del Simposio de Estetica, Venezia, 1958. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (4):809-809.
    Bound together here are the four principal addresses of the Venice Symposium on Aesthetics of 1958, and a large number of commentaries and discussions based upon them. What is most striking in the collection is the sheer variety of viewpoints. Richard McKeon's essay, concluding the volume, gives an overview of the discussions, and sorts out the major underlying themes and problems, fitting them into the spectrum of contemporary philosophizing.--C. D.
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  28.  16
    L'Itinéraire de la Conscience. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):589-589.
    Since Nabert's work has to be considered as a whole, and since his books are incredibly dense and rich, it is not too much to say that Naulin's study is indispensable for a serious reading of Nabert's thought. Naulin presents just the right amount of background and brings in a proper measure of comparisons with contemporaries. There are four sections: Objet et méthode de la philosophie pratique, Conscience et liberté, Le problème moral, and La vie morale et ses limites. The (...)
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  29.  16
    La Problématique Philosophique de l'Unité de la Science. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):592-592.
    A critical study of the always unsolved problem of the unity of science, consisting of a lucid and succinct historical exposition of attempts to provide solutions, and a systematic presentation of the accomplishments of logical empiricism, in all its variety. In arguing for the basic approach of logical empiricism, Ruytinx takes special care to chastise those of its proponents who tend to lose themselves in polemics and exclusivity. The style is quite clear and graceful in the best tradition of French (...)
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  30.  16
    The Meditations. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):179-179.
    A brief but adequately comprehensive introduction, an abundance of helpful footnotes, a glossary of technical terms and a biographical index distinguish this new textbook edition. Grube has followed Farquharson's edition of 1944, with some changes.—C. D.
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  31.  16
    The Structure of Behavior. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):631-631.
    Merleau-Ponty insisted that his better-known Phenomenology of Perception could be fully understood only if it were read along with this, his first book. It works through Pavlov's reflexology, Watsonian behaviorism, Gestalt psychology, and the philosophies of Bergson and Brunschvicg, showing the limits and fallacies of each approach. Merleau-Ponty's own procedures and terms arise to accomplish the work these men left over; his initial task is to show that there is work they cannot do, problems they cannot solve, wonders they have (...)
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  32.  16
    Augustine.D. A. C. - 1973 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (1):146-146.
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  33.  13
    Ryukyuan Names.D. C. & Shunzo Sakamaki - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):369.
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  34.  15
    Comic Laughter. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):310-310.
    Explaining and classifying attitudes and art forms related to comic laughter, Swabey defends the kind of comic laughter which perceives the laughable as less than the perfect and true. Bad or false pretenders to "comedy" or humor, e.g., apparently all modern art reputed to be comic and playful, are rather bitterly scolded. The thesis might have been more credibly argued if more positive examples had been used.--C. D.
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  35.  15
    Demitizzazione E Immagine. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1962 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (2):401-402.
    In an article in this volume, Fr. J. Lotz proposes that demythologization engages us in re-mythologization; and it is the latter aspect of the Bultmannian program which occupies this book's contributors. Summarily stated, the question is that of the possibilities, means, and intentions of religious representation for worship, edification, historical and existential understanding, and communication. Because the collection displays a wide variety of backgrounds, methods, and beliefs, the transcribed discussions following most of the articles are especially valuable.--.
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  36.  15
    Psychologie du Crime. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):304-305.
    Although the specific subject matter is the psychology of crime, which aims at "concrete knowledge of criminal man in situation," the general problems of method in the humane sciences, of the nature and dynamics of interhuman relations, of experience, and especially of value, are treated here in a way which brings their philosophical import to light. Hesnard emphasizes that truly psychopathological criminals are the minority, and sees crime as a peculiar form of breakdown within a world of lived values. The (...)
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  37.  14
    Scienza Nuova E Ragione. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (2):308-309.
    In its aim to radicalize the basis of objectivity, Husserl's phenomenological inquiries resemble the "new science" of Vico. But Husserl's renewal of that aim is animated by a peculiarly modern sense of antidogmatism and rigor, and its special problem is to criticize knowledge by starting with the existential a priori of the life-world. The antidogmatism of phenomenology is seen to be a consequence of its antisubjectivism. Semerari's interpretation of Husserl is provocative but sketchy; his appreciations and criticisms of Kant, several (...)
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  38.  14
    The First and Second Discourses. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (3):592-592.
    The translators rightly sacrificed readability and style for the sake of accuracy, almost painful accuracy. Master's brief introduction is sharp, helpful to the student and challenging to the scholar in its defense of the paradoxical Rousseau. The abundant notes include much new material and range from simple explanations to venturesome interpretations.—C. D.
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  39.  12
    Van Goor's Concise Indonesian Dictionary.D. C., A. L. N. Kramer & Van Goor - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):370.
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  40.  22
    Book Review:History as the Story of Liberty. Benedetto Croce. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1941 - Ethics 52 (1):116-.
  41.  13
    Transcendental Criticism and Christian Philosophy: A Presentation and Evaluation of Herman Dooyeweerd's "Philosophy of the Cosmonic Idea.". [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (1):172-172.
    Brümmer repeatedly presents Dooyeweerd's criticism of Kant, that a critical philosophy, to be thorough, must not leave any of its presuppositions unaccounted for and that Kant's dogmatic assumption of certain positions vitiates the rest of his philosophy. Dooyeweerd opposed Kant's absolutization of logic, and presented instead a cosmological basis for the transcendental criticism of philosophical thought. Dooyeweerd's own philosophy appears to be quite complex and elaborately systematic; in principle, nothing is left out. Brümmer does show, however, that some areas of (...)
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  42.  19
    Book Review:The Idea of the Soul. John Laird. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1925 - International Journal of Ethics 35 (3):315-.
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  43.  12
    Dizionario di Filosofia. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (3):472-472.
    An extraordinary book. Not only does it equal, if not surpass, all previous philosophical dictionaries in the amount and breadth of the material covered, it is full of the life of contemporary issues. Abbagnano is a master of economic exposition, and a careful organizer and editor. Four unique features deserve notice: The historical background of terms is given fully, with detailed bibliography; non-technical terms are included, e.g., names of schools, with historical reports; American thought is represented to a degree far (...)
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  44.  12
    La Philosophie au Tournant de Notre Temps. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):581-581.
    Inspired mostly by Nietzsche, Flam traces common themes and common failures through major European philosophers and novelists. The final chapter breaks away from the oversimplifying style of the preceding ones, and argues provocatively for a philosophy whose militancy should burst the old dreams of systematization. Though frequently lacking bibliographical details, the footnotes provide an extraordinary catalogue of existentialist and related literature.--C. D.
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  45.  12
    Totemism. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):629-629.
    This brief, packed book examines studies of totemism in order to show that there is no such thing. For anthropology, this study will be a classic of a more or less negative sort, since it destroys theses without elaborating one itself; but for philosophy it will be a positive case study of the workings of the mind, the formulation and use of evidence, and the concealed purposes of inquiries which aim to make the "different" more different and more opposed to (...)
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  46.  10
    Japanese Proverbs and Sayings.D. C. & Daniel Crump Buchanan - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):370.
  47.  19
    Book Review:The League of Nations and the Rule of Law, 1918-1935. Alfred Zimmern. [REVIEW]D. B. C. - 1936 - International Journal of Ethics 47 (1):122-.
  48.  11
    Etica E Morale. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):627-627.
    A statement or summary of a position that seems attractive, but which remains unconvincing as presented here. "Moral" philosophy issues from Kant, and is concerned with arriving discursively at conclusions or imperatives. The "ethical" however, underlies the moral as Aristotelian virtue underlies practical reasoning; this ethical dimension has been ignored by recent moral philosophy. Galimberti sympathetically but painstakingly criticizes Hare's The Language of Morals. Ultimately, all views which lead to "voluntarism" come under attack on a number of counts. The synthesis (...)
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  49.  11
    Filosofia Ed Esistenza. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1963 - Review of Metaphysics 16 (3):585-585.
    A faithful but undoctrinaire Thomist, Piemontese claims to uncover the basic "existential" structures holding in all properly philosophical activity. Attention to the three basic structures of interiority, critical restlessness, and contemplation allows him to put off the "objective" question of the "essence" of philosophy. The author exposes strongly the great need for genuine mutual questioning among the varieties of systematic thought.--C. D.
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  50.  11
    Théorie Générale de L'Invention. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):379-380.
    The general theory of invention takes the name "dynamology," and comprises several forms of more or less phenomenological inquiry, chiefly "operational dynamology," "structural dynamology," "intentional dynamology," and "historical dynamology." In each case a type of "tendential a priori" is uncovered, first in distinct fields such as empirical science, art, ethics and philosophy, and then in the human field generally. This over-all human perspective leads to the ontological and cosmological, in which cosmos and microcosmos are shown to be dynamically and dialectically (...)
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