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Chris Gastmans [81]C. Gastmans [22]
  1.  40
    Moral Distress Experienced by Nurses: A Quantitative Literature Review.Younjae Oh & Chris Gastmans - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):15-31.
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  2.  9
    Relational Autonomy: What Does It Mean and How is It Used in End-of-Life Care? A Systematic Review of Argument-Based Ethics Literature.Carlos Gómez-Vírseda, Yves de Maeseneer & Chris Gastmans - 2019 - BMC Medical Ethics 20 (1):1-15.
    Background Respect for autonomy is a key concept in contemporary bioethics and end-of-life ethics in particular. Despite this status, an individualistic interpretation of autonomy is being challenged from the perspective of different theoretical traditions. Many authors claim that the principle of respect for autonomy needs to be reconceptualised starting from a relational viewpoint. Along these lines, the notion of relational autonomy is attracting increasing attention in medical ethics. Yet, others argue that relational autonomy needs further clarification in order to be (...)
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  3.  19
    Moral Distress: A Review of the Argument-Based Nursing Ethics Literature. [REVIEW]J. McCarthy & C. Gastmans - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):131-152.
  4. Dignity-Enhancing Nursing Care.Chris Gastmans - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (2):142-149.
    Starting from two observations regarding nursing ethics research in the past two decades, namely, the dominant influence of both the empirical methods and the principles approach, we present the cornerstones of a foundational argument-based nursing ethics framework. First, we briefly outline the general philosophical–ethical background from which we develop our framework. This is based on three aspects: lived experience, interpretative dialogue, and normative standard. Against this background, we identify and explore three key concepts—vulnerability, care, and dignity—that must be observed in (...)
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  5.  30
    A Personalist Approach to Care Ethics.Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2011 - Nursing Ethics 18 (2):161-173.
    Notwithstanding the fact that care ethics has received increased attention, it has also faced much criticism. One of the focal points of critics is the normativity of care. Only when the objective normative basis of care is sufficiently clarified can care practices be evaluated and optimized from an ethical point of view. We emphasize that two levels of normativity can be identified: the context level and the foundational anthropology level. The personalist approach to care ethics is normatively stronger, at least (...)
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  6.  14
    Contribution of Ethics Education to the Ethical Competence of Nursing Students: Educators' and Students' Perceptions.N. Cannaerts, C. Gastmans & B. D. D. Casterle - 2014 - Nursing Ethics 21 (8):861-878.
  7.  46
    Experiential Learning of Empathy in a Care-Ethics Lab.Linus Vanlaere, Trees Coucke & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (3):325-336.
    To generate empathy in the care of vulnerable older persons requires care providers to reflect critically on their care practices. Ethics education and training must provide them with tools to accomplish such critical reflection. It must also create a pedagogical context in which good care can be taught and cultivated. The care-ethics lab ‘sTimul’ originated in 2008 in Flanders with the stimulation of ethical reflection in care providers and care providers in training as its main goal. Also in 2008, sTimul (...)
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  8.  50
    Nursing Considered as Moral Practice: A Philosophical-Ethical Interpretation of Nursing.Chris Gastmans, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterle & Paul Schotsmans - 1998 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8 (1):43-69.
    : Discussions of ethical approaches in nursing have been much enlivened in recent years, for instance by new developments in the theory of care. Nevertheless, many ethical concepts in nursing still need to be clarified. The purpose of this contribution is to develop a fundamental ethical view on nursing care considered as moral practice. Three main components are analyzed more deeply--i.e., the caring relationship, caring behavior as the integration of virtue and expert activity, and "good care" as the ultimate goal (...)
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  9.  51
    Trust in Nurse–Patient Relationships.Leyla Dinç & Chris Gastmans - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (5):501-516.
    The aim of this study was to report the results of a literature review of empirical studies on trust within the nurse–patient relationship. A search of electronic databases yielded 34 articles published between 1980 and 2011. Twenty-two studies used a qualitative design, and 12 studies used quantitative research methods. The context of most quantitative studies was nurse caring behaviours, whereas most qualitative studies focused on trust in the nurse–patient relationship. Most of the quantitative studies used a descriptive design, while qualitative (...)
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  10.  32
    A Fundamental Ethical Approach to Nursing: Some Proposals for Ethics Education.Chris Gastmans - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (5):494-507.
    The purpose of this article is to explore a fundamental ethical approach to nursing and to suggest some proposals, based on this approach, for nursing ethics education. The major point is that the kind of nursing ethics education that is given reflects the theory that is held of nursing. Three components of a fundamental ethical view on nursing are analysed more deeply: (1) nursing considered as moral practice; (2) the intersubjective character of nursing; and (3) moral perception. It is argued (...)
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  11. Living to the Bitter End? A Personalist Approach to Euthanasia in Persons with Severe Dementia.Jan de Lepeleire & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (2):78-86.
    The number of people suffering from dementia will rise considerably in the years to come. This will have important implications for society. People suffering from dementia have to rely on relatives and professional caregivers when their disorder progresses. Some people want to determine for themselves their moment of death, if they should become demented. They think that the decline in personality caused by severe dementia is shocking and unacceptable. In this context, some people consider euthanasia as a way to avoid (...)
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  12.  6
    Relational Autonomy in End-of-Life Care Ethics: A Contextualized Approach to Real-Life Complexities.Carlos Gómez-Vírseda, Yves de Maeseneer & Chris Gastmans - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-14.
    BackgroundRespect for autonomy is a paramount principle in end-of-life ethics. Nevertheless, empirical studies show that decision-making, exclusively focused on the individual exercise of autonomy fails to align well with patients’ preferences at the end of life. The need for a more contextualized approach that meets real-life complexities experienced in end-of-life practices has been repeatedly advocated. In this regard, the notion of ‘relational autonomy’ may be a suitable alternative approach. Relational autonomy has even been advanced as a foundational notion of palliative (...)
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  13.  14
    Care as A Moral Attitude in Nursing.Chris Gastmans - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (3):214-223.
    The concept of care can be explained in various ways, and it can present a different meaning to each person. Nurses are increasingly aware that good nursing care consists of ‘more’ than the competent performance of a number of caring activities. For many nurses it is less clear what this ‘more’ means and what importance it has in nursing. This article will develop a view concerning care considered as a moral attitude. It is argued that care can be considered as (...)
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  14.  56
    Living to the Bitter End? A Personalist Approach to Euthanasia in Persons with Severe Dementia.Chris Gastmans & Jan de Lepeleire - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (2):78-86.
    The number of people suffering from dementia will rise considerably in the years to come. This will have important implications for society. People suffering from dementia have to rely on relatives and professional caregivers when their disorder progresses. Some people want to determine for themselves their moment of death, if they should become demented. They think that the decline in personality caused by severe dementia is shocking and unacceptable. In this context, some people consider euthanasia as a way to avoid (...)
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  15.  12
    Ethics in Nursing Education: Learning To Reflect On Care Practices.Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2007 - Nursing Ethics 14 (6):758-766.
    Providing good care requires nurses to reflect critically on their nursing practices. Ethics education must provide nurses with tools to accomplish such critical reflection. It must also create a pedagogical context in which a caring attitude can be taught and cultivated. To achieve this twofold goal, we argue that the principles of a right-action approach, within which nurses conform to a number of minimum principles, must be integrated into a virtue ethics approach that cultivates a caring attitude. Ethics education that (...)
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  16.  54
    Nursing and Euthanasia: A Review of Argument-Based Ethics Literature. [REVIEW]Toon Quaghebeur, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (4):466-486.
    This article gives an overview of the nursing ethics arguments on euthanasia in general, and on nurses' involvement in euthanasia in particular, through an argument-based literature review. An in-depth study of these arguments in this literature will enable nurses to engage in the euthanasia debate. We critically appraised 41 publications published between January 1987 and June 2007. Nursing ethics arguments on (nurses' involvement in) euthanasia are guided primarily by the principles of respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice. Ethical arguments (...)
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  17.  50
    “It’s Intense, You Know.” Nurses’ Experiences in Caring for Patients Requesting Euthanasia.Yvonne Denier, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Nele De Bal & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (1):41-48.
    The Belgian Act on Euthanasia came into force on 23 September 2002, making Belgium the second country—after the Netherlands—to decriminalize euthanasia under certain due-care conditions. Since then, Belgian nurses have been increasingly involved in euthanasia care. In this paper, we report a qualitative study based on in-depth interviews with 18 nurses from Flanders (the Dutch-speaking part of Belgium) who have had experience in caring for patients requesting euthanasia since May 2002 (the approval of the Act). We found that the care (...)
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  18.  29
    Trust and Trustworthiness in Nursing: An Argument-Based Literature Review.Leyla Dinç & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Nursing Inquiry 19 (3):223-237.
  19.  27
    Facing Requests for Euthanasia: A Clinical Practice Guideline.C. Gastmans - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):212-217.
    On 23 September 2002, the Belgian law on euthanasia came into force. This makes Belgium the second country in the world to have an Act on euthanasia. Even though there is currently legal regulation of euthanasia in Belgium, very little is known about how this legal regulation could be translated into care for patients who request euthanasia.
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  20.  72
    Nurses’ Ethical Reasoning in Cases of Physical Restraint in Acute Elderly Care: A Qualitative Study.Sabine Goethals, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):983-991.
    In their practice, nurses make daily decisions that are ethically informed. An ethical decision is the result of a complex reasoning process based on knowledge and experience and driven by ethical values. Especially in acute elderly care and more specifically decisions concerning the use of physical restraint require a thoughtful deliberation of the different values at stake. Qualitative evidence concerning nurses’ decision-making in cases of physical restraint provided important insights in the complexity of decision-making as a trajectory. However a nuanced (...)
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  21.  12
    Effectiveness of Ethics Education as Perceived by Nursing Students: Development and Testing of a Novel Assessment Instrument.T. Vynckier, C. Gastmans, N. Cannaerts & B. D. de Casterle - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (3):287-306.
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  22.  3
    Care, Compassion and Recognition: An Ethical Discussion.Carlo Leget, Chris Gastmans & Marian Verkerk (eds.) - 2011 - Peeters.
    Since Carol Gilligan's In a Different Voice (1982) the ethics of care has developed as a movement of allied thinkers, in different continents, who have a shared concern and who reflect on similar topics. This shared concern is that care can only be revalued and take its societal place if existing asymmetrical power relations are unveiled, and if the dignity of care givers and care receivers is better guaranteed, socially, politically and personally. In this first volume of a new series (...)
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  23.  11
    Nurses’ Attitudes to Euthanasia: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Charlotte Verpoort, Chris Gastmans, Nele Bal & Bernadette de Casterlé - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (4):349-365.
    This article provides an overview of the scarce international literature concerning nurses’ attitudes to euthanasia. Studies show large differences with respect to the percentage of nurses who are in favour of euthanasia. Characteristics such as age, religion and nursing specialty have a significant influence on a nurse’s opinion. The arguments for euthanasia have to do with quality of life, respect for autonomy and dissatisfaction with the current situation. Arguments against euthanasia are the right to a good death, belief in the (...)
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  24.  26
    Belgian Nurses' Views on Codes of Ethics: Development, Dissemination, Implementation.Ellen Verpeet, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Joke Lemiengre & Chris Gastmans - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (5):531-545.
    The aim of this study was to explore how Belgian nurses view issues related to the development, dissemination and implementation of a code of ethics for nurses. Fifty nurses took part in eight focus groups. The participants stated that, on the whole, a code of ethics for nurses would be useful. They stressed that a code should be a practical and useful instrument developed by nurses for nurses, and that it should be formulated and presented in a practical way, just (...)
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  25.  45
    Care as a Moral Attitude in Nursing.C. Gastmans - 1999 - Nursing Ethics 6 (3):214-223.
    The concept of care can be explained in various ways, and it can present a different meaning to each person. Nurses are increasingly aware that good nursing care consists of ‘more’ than the competent performance of a number of caring activities. For many nurses it is less clear what this ‘more’ means and what importance it has in nursing. This article will develop a view concerning care considered as a moral attitude. It is argued that care can be considered as (...)
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  26.  40
    An Explorative Study of Experiences of Healthcare Providers Posing as Simulated Care Receivers in a 'Care-Ethical' Lab.Linus Vanlaere, Madeleine Timmermann, Marleen Stevens & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (1):68-79.
    In recent approaches to ethics, the personal involvement of health care providers and their empathy are perceived as important elements of an overall ethical ability. Experiential working methods are used in ethics education to foster, inter alia, empathy. In 2008, the care-ethics lab ‘sTimul’ was founded in Flanders, Belgium, to provide training that focuses on improving care providers' ethical abilities through experiential working simulations. The curriculum of sTimul focuses on empathy sessions, aimed at care providers' empathic skills. The present study (...)
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  27.  2
    Ethics of Resuscitation for Extremely Premature Infants: A Systematic Review of Argument-Based Literature.Alice Cavolo, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Gunnar Naulaers & Chris Gastmans - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2020-106102.
    ObjectiveTo present the ethical concepts related to the debate on resuscitation of extremely premature infants as they are described in the ethical literature; and the ethical arguments based on these concepts.DesignWe conducted a systematic review of the ethical literature. We selected articles based on the following predefined inclusion/exclusion criteria: English language articles presenting fully elaborated ethical arguments on resuscitation of EPIs, that is, infants born before 28 weeks of gestation.AnalysisAfter repeated reading of articles, we developed individual summaries, conceptual schemes and (...)
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  28.  88
    Clarifying the Concept of Human Dignity in the Care of the Elderly.Win Tadd, Linus Vanlaere & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Ethical Perspectives 17 (2):253-281.
    The need for dignity is frequently mentioned in policy documents relating to the care of the elderly. It is also described as an important value in professional codes. Yet concerns about the standards of care for an important number of elderly people abound, despite global ageing being a challenging phenomenon. Not least among these is how to ensure that the elderly will be able to live out their days with dignity.In the present paper, we begin with an empirical exploration of (...)
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  29.  82
    Nurses' Attitudes to Euthanasia: A Review of the Literature. [REVIEW]Charlotte Verpoort, Chris Gastmans, Nele De Bal & Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé - 2004 - Nursing Ethics 11 (4):349-365.
    This article provides an overview of the scarce international literature concerning nurses’ attitudes to euthanasia. Studies show large differences with respect to the percentage of nurses who are (not) in favour of euthanasia. Characteristics such as age, religion and nursing specialty have a significant influence on a nurse’s opinion. The arguments for euthanasia have to do with quality of life, respect for autonomy and dissatisfaction with the current situation. Arguments against euthanasia are the right to a good death, belief in (...)
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  30.  31
    Intimacy and Sexuality in Institutionalized Dementia Care: Clinical-Ethical Considerations.Lieslot Mahieu, Luc Anckaert & Chris Gastmans - 2017 - Health Care Analysis 25 (1):52-71.
    Intimacy and sexuality expressed by nursing home residents with dementia remains an ethically sensitive issue for care facilities, nursing staff and family members. Dealing with residents’ sexual longings and behaviour is extremely difficult, putting a burden on the caregivers as well as on the residents themselves and their relatives. The parties in question often do not know how to react when residents express themselves sexually. The overall aim of this article is to provide a number of clinical-ethical considerations addressing the (...)
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  31.  17
    Cancer Patients' Perceptions of the Good Nurse: A Literature Review.Leila Rchaidia, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Liesbeth De Blaeser & Chris Gastmans - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (5):528-542.
    This article discusses findings from a mixed method literature review that investigated cancer patients’ perceptions of what constitutes a good nurse. To find pertinent articles, we conducted a systematic key word search of five journal databases (1998—2008). The application of carefully constructed inclusion criteria and critical appraisal identified 12 relevant articles. According to the patients, good nurses were shown to be characterized by specific, but inter-related, attitudes, skills and knowledge; they engage in person-to-person relationships, respect the uniqueness of patients, and (...)
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  32.  62
    A Review and Taxonomy of Argument-Based Ethics Literature Regarding Conscientious Objections to End-of-Life Procedures.Jerome R. Wernow & Chris Gastmans - 2010 - Christian Bioethics 16 (3):274-295.
    Our study provides a review of argument-based scientific literature to address conscientious objections to end-of-life procedures. We also proposed a taxonomy based on this study that might facilitate clarification of this discussion at a basic level. The three clusters of our taxonomy include (1) nonconventional compatibilists that claim that conscientious objection against morally repugnant social conventions is compatible with professional obligation, (2) conventional compatibilists that suggest that conscientious objection against social convention is permissible under certain terms of compromise, and (3) (...)
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  33.  48
    Ethics Meetings in Support of Good Nursing Care: Some Practice-Based Thoughts.Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé, Tom Meulenbergs, Lut van de Vijver, Anne Tanghe & Chris Gastmans - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (6):612-622.
    The purpose of this article is to clarify both the role of nurses in ethics meetings and the way in which ethics meetings can function as a catalyst for good nursing care. The thoughts presented are practice based; they arose from our practical experiences as nurses and ethicists with ethics meetings in health care organizations in Belgium. Our reflections are written from the perspective of the nurse in the field who is participating in (inter)professional ethical dialogue. First, the difficulties that (...)
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  34. From Birth to Death? A Personalist Approach to End-of-Life Care of Severely Ill Newborns.Chris Gastmans, Gunnar Naulaers, Chris Vanhole & Yvonne Denier - 2013 - Christian Bioethics 19 (1):7-24.
    In this paper, a personalist ethical perspective on end-of-life care of severely ill newborns is presented by posing two questions. (1) Is it ethically justified to decide not to start or to withdraw life-sustaining treatment in severely ill newborns? (2) Is it ethically justified, in exceptional cases, to actively terminate the life of severely ill newborns? Based on five values—respect for life and for the dignity of the human person, quality of life, respect for the process of dying, relational autonomy, (...)
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  35.  12
    Use of Physical Restraint in Nursing Homes: Clinical-Ethical Considerations.C. Gastmans - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (3):148-152.
    This article gives a brief overview of the state of the art concerning physical restraint use among older persons in nursing homes. Within this context we identify some essential values and norms that must be observed in an ethical evaluation of physical restraint. These values and norms provide the ethical foundation for a number of concrete recommendations that could give clinical and ethical support to caregivers when they make decisions about physical restraint. Respect for the autonomy and overall wellbeing of (...)
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  36.  2
    Ethics of Socially Assistive Robots in Aged-Care Settings: A Socio-Historical Contextualisation.Tijs Vandemeulebroucke, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (2):128-136.
    Different embodiments of technology permeate all layers of public and private domains in society. In the public domain of aged care, attention is increasingly focused on the use of socially assistive robots supporting caregivers and older adults to guarantee that older adults receive care. The introduction of SARs in aged-care contexts is joint by intensive empirical and philosophical research. Although these efforts merit praise, current empirical and philosophical research are still too far separated. Strengthening the connection between these two fields (...)
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  37.  33
    ‘Because We See Them Naked' - Nurses’ Experiences in Caring for Hospitalized Patients with Dementia: Considering Artificial Nutrition or Hydration.Els Bryon, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):285-295.
    The aim of this study was to explore and describe how Flemish nurses experience their involvement in the care of hospitalized patients with dementia, particularly in relation to artificial nutrition or hydration (ANH). We interviewed 21 hospital nurses who were carefully selected from nine hospitals in different regions of Flanders. ‘Being touched by the vulnerability of the demented patient’ was the central experience of the nurses, having great impact on them professionally as well as personally. This feeling can be described (...)
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  38.  18
    ‘Because We See Them Naked' - Nurses’ Experiences in Caring for Hospitalized Patients with Dementia: Considering Artificial Nutrition or Hydration.Els Bryon, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):285-295.
  39.  28
    Nurses’ Views on Their Involvement in Euthanasia: A Qualitative Study in Flanders.B. Dierckx De Casterle, C. Verpoort, Nele De Bal & Chris Gastmans - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (4):187-192.
    Background: Although nurses worldwide are confronted with euthanasia requests from patients, the views of palliative care nurses on their involvement in euthanasia remain unclear.Objectives: In depth exploration of the views of palliative care nurses on their involvement in the entire care process surrounding euthanasia.Design: A qualitative Grounded Theory strategy was used.Setting and participants: In anticipation of new Belgian legislation on euthanasia, we conducted semistructured interviews with 12 nurses working in a palliative care setting in the province of Vlaams-Brabant.Results: Palliative care (...)
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  40.  11
    Contextual Influences on Nurses' Decision-Making in Cases of Physical Restraint.B. D. de Casterle, S. Goethals & C. Gastmans - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (6):642-651.
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  41.  18
    How Do Ethnic Minority Patients Experience the Intercultural Care Encounter in Hospitals? A Systematic Review of Qualitative Research.Liesbet Degrie, Chris Gastmans, Lieslot Mahieu, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Yvonne Denier - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):2.
    BackgroundIn our globalizing world, caregivers are increasingly being confronted with the challenges of providing intercultural healthcare, trying to find a dignified answer to the vulnerable situation of ethnic minority patients. Until now, international literature lacks insight in the intercultural care process as experienced by the ethnic minority patients themselves. We aim to fill this gap by analysing qualitative literature on the intercultural care encounter in the hospital setting, as experienced by ethnic minority patients.MethodsA systematic search was conducted for papers published (...)
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  42.  37
    Pluralism and Ethical Dialogue in Christian Healthcare Institutions: The View of Caritas Catholica Flanders.Chris Gastmans, Fernand Van Neste & Paul Schotsmans - 2006 - Christian Bioethics 12 (3):265-280.
    In this article, the place and the nature of an ethical dialogue that develops within Christian healthcare institutions in Flanders, Belgium is examined. More specifically, the question is asked how Christian healthcare institutions should position themselves ethically in a context of a pluralistic society. The profile developed by Caritas Catholica Flanders must take seriously not only the external pluralistic context of our society and the internal pluralistic worldviews by personnel/employees and patients, but also the inherent inspiration of a Christian healthcare (...)
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  43.  32
    Professional Values and Norms for Nurses in Belgium.Ellen Verpeet, Tom Meulenbergs & Chris Gastmans - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (6):654-665.
    Because of their responsibilities for providing high-quality care, at times when they are continuously confronted with inherent professional and ethical challenges, nurses should meet high ethical standards of practice and conduct. Contrary to other countries, where codes of ethics for nurses are formulated to support those standards and to guide nurses’ professional practice, Belgian nurses do not have a formal code of ethics. Nevertheless, professional ethics is recognized as an important aspect in legal and other professional documents. The aim of (...)
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  44.  42
    Elderly Patients' and Residents' Perceptions of 'the Good Nurse': A Literature Review.Elisa Van der Elst, Bernadette Dierckx de Casterlé & Chris Gastmans - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (2):93-97.
    This article describes the findings of a mixed method literature review that examined the perceptions of elderly patients and residents of a good nurse in nursing homes, hospitals and home care. According to elderly patients and residents, good nurses are individuals who have the necessary technical and psychosocial skills to care for patients. They are at their disposal, promptly recognising the patients' needs. Good nurses like their job and are sincere and affectionate. They are understanding and caring. They do not (...)
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  45.  12
    Telepsychiatry and the Meaning of in-Person Contact: A Preliminary Ethical Appraisal.Aimee Wynsberghe & Chris Gastmans - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):469-476.
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  46.  15
    Telepsychiatry and the Meaning of in-Person Contact: A Preliminary Ethical Appraisal.Aimee van Wynsberghe & Chris Gastmans - 2009 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):469-476.
    Pioneering researchers claim that telepsychiatry presents the possibility of improving both the quality and quantity of patient care for populations in general as well as for those in rural and remote locations. The prevalence of, and literature on telepsychiatry has increased dramatically in the last decade, covering all aspects of research endeavors. However, little can be found on the topic of ethics in telepsychiatry. Using various clinical scenarios we may provide insight into the moral challenge in telepsychiatry—the lack of in-person (...)
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  47.  18
    Caring for a Dignified End of Life in a Christian Health Care Institution: The View of Caritas Catholica Vlaanderen.Chris Gastmans - 2002 - Ethical Perspectives 9 (2-3):134-145.
    Immediately following the approval of the Belgian law on euthanasia, Caritas Catholica Vlaanderen sent a position paper to all affiliated institutions in which its standpoint regarding care for a dignified end of life is clarified. We would like to sketch very briefly the context in which this position paper should be placed, before reproducing the complete text of the recommendation.Caritas Catholica Vlaanderen is an umbrella organization for cooperation and consultation between the Verbond der Verzorgingsinstellingen [Association of Care Institutions], grouping health-care (...)
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  48.  25
    Telesurgery: An Ethical Appraisal.A. van Wynsberghe & C. Gastmans - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):e22-e22.
    The aim of this article is to provide a preliminary ethical evaluation of the effect of telesurgery on patient care. In order to accomplish this task we give a broad description of the state of the art in telesurgery and analyse it using Joan Tronto’s articulation of care as a structured process. This structure illuminates the significance of the patient-physician relationship as the buttress for establishing and preserving practices of care in the healthcare context, with the ultimate goal of safeguarding (...)
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  49.  36
    Towards a Levinasian Care Ethic.W. Wolf Diedrich, Roger Burggraeve & Chris Gastmans - 2006 - Ethical Perspectives 13 (1):31-59.
    In this paper, we suggest the likely effects of the application of Emmanuel Levinas’s philosophy to the care ethic, particularly as it is represented by the author Joan Tronto, one of the most cogent exponents of care ethics.Thus, we ask: does Levinas’s philosophy have enough in common with the care ethic to be able to overlap it and fruitfully address shared issues of pressing importance? And, is Levinas’s philosophy different enough to challenge the care ethic and help it grow in (...)
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  50.  53
    What If Patients with Dementia Use Decision Aids to Make an Advance Euthanasia Request?Chris Gastmans & Yvonne Denier - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):25 – 26.
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