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Cynthia Macdonald [85]Chris MacDonald [39]C. Macdonald [21]Cameron Lynne Macdonald [3]
Craig MacDonald [2]C. A. MacDonald [2]C. M. MacDonald [1]Candice MacDonald [1]

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Profile: Cynthia Macdonald (University of Manchester)
Profile: Cate MacDonald (Houston Baptist University)
Profile: Carrie MacDonald (Acadia University)
Profile: Celia Macdonald
  1. Knowing Our Own Minds: Essays in Self-Knowledge.C. Macdonald, Barry C. Smith & C. J. G. Wright - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Self-knowledge is the focus of considerable attention from philosophers: Knowing Our Own Minds gives a much-needed overview of current work on the subject, bringing together new essays by leading figures. Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. The contributors examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist (...)
     
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  2.  96
    Mind-Body Identity Theories.Cynthia Macdonald - 1989 - Routledge.
    Chapter One The most plausible arguments for the identity of mind and body that have been advanced in this century have been for the identity of mental ...
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  3. The Metaphysics of Mental Causation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2006 - Journal of Philosophy 103 (11):539-576.
    A debate has been raging in the philosophy of mind for at least the past two decades. It concerns whether the mental can make a causal difference to the world. Suppose that I am reading the newspaper and it is getting dark. I switch on the light, and continue with my reading. One explanation of why my switching on of the light occurred is that a desiring with a particular content (that I continue reading), a noticing with a particular content (...)
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  4. Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
  5. "It Shouldn't Have to Be a Trade": Recognition and Redistribution in Care Work Advocacy.Cameron Lynne Macdonald & David A. Merrill - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (2):67-83.
    : Care work straddles the divide between activities performed out of love and those performed for pay. The tensions created for workers by this divide raise questions concerning connections between recognition and redistribution. Through an analysis of mobilization among childcare workers, we argue that care workers can address redistribution and recognition simultaneously through vocabularies of both skill and virtue. We conclude with a discussion of strategies to overcome the false dichotomy between recognition and redistribution.
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  6.  14
    Rescuing the Baby From the Triple-Bottom-Line Bathwater: A Reply to Pava.Chris MacDonald & Wayne Norman - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (1):111-114.
    We respond to Moses Pava’s defense of the “Triple Bottom Line” concept against our earlier criticisms. We argue that, pacePava, the multiplicity of measures that go into evaluating ethical performance cannot reasonably be compared to the handful of standard methods for evaluating financial performance. We also question Pava’s claim that usage of the term “3BL” is somehow intended to be ironical or subversive.
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  7. Introspection and Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - Erkenntnis 67 (2):355-372.
    In this paper I outline and defend an introspectionist account of authoritative self-knowledge for a certain class of cases, ones in which a subject is both thinking and thinking about a current, conscious thought. My account is distinctive in a number of ways, one of which is that it is compatible with the truth of externalism.
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  8. ‘‘In My ‘Mind’s Eye’: Introspectionism, Detectivism, and the Basis of Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2014 - Synthese (15):1-26.
    It is widely accepted that knowledge of certain of one’s own mental states is authoritative in being epistemically more secure than knowledge of the mental states of others, and theories of self-knowledge have largely appealed to one or the other of two sources to explain this special epistemic status. The first, ‘detectivist’, position, appeals to an inner perception-like basis, whereas the second, ‘constitutivist’, one, appeals to the view that the special security awarded to certain self-knowledge is a conceptual matter. I (...)
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  9.  53
    Charitable Conflicts of Interest.Chris MacDonald, Michael McDonald & Wayne Norman - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 39 (1-2):67 - 74.
    This paper looks at conflicts of interest in the not-for-profit sector. It examines the nature of conflicts of interest and why they are of ethical concern, and then focuses on the way not-for-profit organisations are especially prone to and vulnerable to conflict-of-interest scandals. Conflicts of interest corrode trust; and stakeholder trust (particularly from donors) is the lifeblood of most charities. We focus on some specific challenges faced by charitable organisations providing funding for scientific (usually medical) research, and examine a case (...)
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  10. Emergence and Downward Causation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2010 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Emergence in Mind. Oxford University Press.
  11. Knowing Our Own Minds.Wright Crispin, C. Smith Barry & Macdonald Cynthia (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Knowledge of one's own sensations, desires, intentions, thoughts, beliefs, and other attitudes is characteristically different from other kinds of knowledge: it has greater immediacy, authority, and salience. This volume offers a powerful and comprehensive look at current work on this topic, featuring closely interlinked essays by leading figures in the field that examine philosophical questions raised by the distinctive character of self-knowledge, relating it to knowledge of other minds, to rationality and agency, externalist theories of psychological content, and knowledge of (...)
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  12.  60
    Connectionism: Debates on Psychological Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
    This volume provides an introduction to and review of key contemporary debates concerning connectionism, and the nature of explanation and methodology in cognitive psychology. The first debate centers on the question of whether human cognition is best modeled by classical or by connectionist architectures. The second centres on the question of the compatibility between folk, or commonsense, psychological explanation and explanations based on connectionist models of cognition. Each of the two sections includes a classic reading along with important responses, and (...)
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  13.  95
    The Mind Bursary.Frank Cioffi Obscurantism, G. A. Equality, Keith Graham, Peter Carruthers, Cynthia MacDonald, Paul Snowden, Howard Robinson, David Over, Paul Guyer & Ralph Walker - 1990 - Mind 99:394.
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  14.  68
    On McDowell's Identity Conception of Truth.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - Analysis 67 (293):36-41.
  15.  13
    Nurse Autonomy as Relational.Chris MacDonald - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (2):194-201.
    This article seeks an improved understanding of nurse autonomy by looking at nursing through the lens of what recent feminist scholars have called ‘relational’ autonomy. A relational understanding of autonomy means a shift away from older views focused on individuals achieving independence, towards a view that seeks meaningful self-direction within a context of interdependency. The main claim made here is that nurse autonomy is, indeed, relational. The article begins with an explanation of the notion of relational autonomy. It then explains (...)
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  16.  1
    Working with Children in End-of-Life Decision Making.Joanne Whitty-Rogers, Marion Alex, Cathy MacDonald, Donna Pierrynowski Gallant & Wendy Austin - 2009 - Nursing Ethics 16 (6):743-758.
    Traditionally, physicians and parents made decisions about children’s health care based on western practices. More recently, with legal and ethical development of informed consent and recognition for decision making, children are becoming active participants in their care. The extent to which this is happening is however blurred by lack of clarity about what children — of diverse levels of cognitive development — are capable of understanding. Moreover, when there are multiple surrogate decision makers, parental and professional conflict can arise concerning (...)
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  17. What is Colour? A Defence of Colour Primitivism.Cynthia Macdonald - 2015 - In Robert Johnson & Michael Smith (eds.), Passions and Projections: Themes from the Philosophy of Simon Blackburn. Oxford University Press. pp. 116-133.
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  18.  57
    Mental Causes and Explanation of Action.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (April):145-58.
  19.  4
    Will the "Secular Priests" of Bioethics Work Among the Sinners?Chris MacDonald - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):36-39.
    In this paper, I explore briefly the "secular priesthood" metaphor often applied to bioethicists. I next ask: if, despite our discomfort with the metaphor, we were to embrace the best aspects of the priesthood(s) ? which I identify as the missionaries' willingness to work among sinners and lepers, at their own peril ? would we be able to live up to that standard of bravery? I then draw a parallel with the fears of contagion currently be voiced (by Carl Elliott (...)
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  20.  42
    Corporate Decisions About Labelling Genetically Modified Foods.Chris MacDonald & Melissa Whellams - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 75 (2):181-189.
    This paper considers whether individual companies have an ethical obligation to label their Genetically Modified (GM) foods. GM foods and ingredients pervade grocery store shelves, despite the fact that a majority of North Americans have worries about eating those products. The market as whole has largely failed to respond to consumer preference in this regard, as have North American governments. A number of consumer groups, NGO’s, and activist organizations have urged corporations to label their GM products. This paper asks whether, (...)
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  21.  50
    Ethics and Genetics: Susceptibility Testing in the Workplace. [REVIEW]Chris MacDonald & Bryn Williams-Jones - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 35 (3):235 - 241.
    Genetic testing in the workplace is a technology both full of promise and fraught with ethical peril. Though not yet common, it is likely to become increasingly so. We survey the key arguments in favour of such testing, along with the most significant ethical worries. We further propose a set of pragmatic criteria, which, if met, would make it permissible for employers to offer (but not to require) workplace genetic testing.
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  22. Weak Externalism and Mind-Body Identity.C. Macdonald - 1990 - Mind 99 (395):387-404.
  23. Self-Knowledge and the "Inner Eye".Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
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  24.  44
    Getting to the Bottom of “Triple Bottom Line”.Chris MacDonald - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (2):243-262.
    In this paper, we examine critically the notion of “Triple Bottom Line” accounting. We begin by asking just what it is that supporters of the Triple Bottom Line idea advocate, and attempt to distil specific, assessable claims from the vague, diverse, and sometimescontradictory uses of the Triple Bottom Line rhetoric. We then use these claims as a basis upon which to argue (a) that what issound about the idea of a Triple Bottom Line is not novel, and (b) that what (...)
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  25.  27
    Organizational Ethics Canadian Style.Nuala P. Kenny, Jocelyn Downie, Carolyn Ells & Chris MacDonald - 2000 - HEC Forum 12 (2):141-148.
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  26. The Epistemology of Meaning.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2012 - In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 221--240.
  27. Draft Discussion Paper: Working Conditions for Bioethics in Canada.C. Macdonald, M. Coughlin, C. Harrison, A. Lynch, P. Murphy & M. Rowell - forthcoming - Canadian Bioethics Society, Calgary.
     
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  28. Philosophy of Psychology.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.) - 1995 - Blackwell.
  29.  21
    Broadcasting Operation Iraqi Freedom: The People Behind Cable News Ethics, Decisions, and Gender Differences.Larry W. Boone & Christine R. MacDonald - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (S1):115-134.
    In March 2003, President Bush declared the start of Operation Iraqi Freedom, the anticipated commencement of intensive American-led military operations in Iraq. With this declaration, the media began intense coverage of military operations from the field. For the first time, viewers were able to see images of actual events. This was due to three developments: the advancement of technology allowing immediate transmission of text and images, the actual presence of journalists identified as "embedded journalists" at military sites, and the fierce (...)
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  30. The Identity Theory of Truth and the Realm of Reference: Where Dodd Goes Wrong.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):297-304.
    In ‘On McDowell's identity conception of truth’ , we suggested that McDowell's Identity Theory, according to which a proposition is true if and only if it is identical with a fact, is only fully understood when we realize that there are two identity claims involved. The first is that, when one thinks truly, the content of a whole thought is identical with a Tractarian Tatsachen – a complex fact constituted by simple Sachverhalte – and the second is that these simple (...)
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  31.  55
    McDowell's Alternative Conceptions of the World.William Fish & Cynthia Macdonald - 2011 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 19 (1):87-94.
  32.  28
    Relational Professional Autonomy.Chris Macdonald - 2002 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 11 (3):282-289.
    The notion of “relational” autonomy—as described by feminist scholars such as Susan Sherwin and Anne Donchin—has been the subject of a significant body of literature over the last few years and has recently generated some interest within the field of bioethics. Although the focus of this interest has been the autonomy of ordinary moral agents, the analysis of relational autonomy can usefully be extended to apply to the autonomy of professionals, not only as individual moral agents, but in their roles (...)
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  33.  55
    Emergence in Mind.Graham Macdonald & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The volume also extends the debate about emergence by considering the independence of chemical properties from physical properties, and investigating what would ...
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  34.  96
    Shoemaker on Self-Knowledge and Inner Sense.Cynthia Macdonald - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):711-38.
    What is introspective knowledge of one's own intentional states like? This paper aims to make plausible the view that certain cases of self-knowledge, namely the cogito-type ones, are enough like perception to count as cases of quasi-observation. To this end it considers the highly influential arguments developed by Sydney Shoemaker in his recent Royce Lectures. These present the most formidable challenge to the view that certain cases of self-knowledge are quasi-observational and so deserve detailed examination. Shoemaker's arguments are directed against (...)
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  35.  78
    An Energy/ Awareness/ Information Interpretation of Physical and Mental Reality.Copthorne Macdonald - 1994 - Zygon 29 (2):135-151.
  36.  70
    Self-Knowledge and Inner Space.Cynthia Macdonald - 2006 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), McDowell and His Critics. Blackwell. pp. 73--88.
  37.  87
    Beyond Program Explanation.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 2006 - In Geoffrey Brennan, Robert E. Goodin & Michael A. Smith (eds.), Common Minds: Essays in Honour of Philip Pettit. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--27.
  38.  87
    Externalism and First-Person Authority.Cynthia Macdonald - 1995 - Synthese 104 (1):99-122.
    Externalism in the philosophy of mind is threatened by the view that subjects are authoritative with regard to the contents of their own intentional states. If externalism is to be reconciled with first-person authority, two issues need to be addressed: (a) how the non-evidence-based character of knowledge of one's own intentional states is compatible with ignorance of the empirical factors that individuate the contents of those states, and (b) how, given externalism, the non-evidence-based character of such knowledge could place its (...)
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  39.  10
    Self-Knowledge and the 'Inner Eye'.Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):83-106.
    What is knowledge of one's own current, consciously entertained intentional states a form of inner awareness? If so, what form? In this paper I explore the prospects for a quasi-observational account of a certain class of cases where subjects appear to have self-knowledge, namely, the so-called cogito-like cases. In section one I provide a rationale for the claim that we need an epistemology of self-knowledge, and specifically, an epistemology of the cogito-like cases. In section two I argue that contentful properties (...)
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  40.  60
    Real Metaphysics and the Descriptive/Revisionary Distinction.Cynthia Macdonald - 2007 - In Cornelis De Waal (ed.), Susan Haack: A Lady of Distinctions: The Philosopher Responds to Critics. Prometheus Books.
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  41.  34
    Featured Commentary.Chris MacDonald - 2009 - The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 20 (2):5-6.
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  42.  32
    Call for Papers.Chris MacDonald - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (3):9-11.
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  43.  10
    Mental Causes and the Explanation of Action.C. Macdonald & Graham Macdonald - 1986 - Philosophical Quarterly 36 (143):145-158.
  44. Tropes and Other Things.Cynthia Macdonald - 1998 - In Stephen Laurence & Cynthia Macdonald (eds.), Contemporary Readings in the Foundations of Metaphysics. Blackwell.
    Our day-to-day experience of the world regularly brings us into contact with middlesized objects such as apples, dogs, and other human beings. These objects possess observable properties, properties that are available or accessible to the unaided senses, such as redness and roundness, as well as properties that are not so available, such as chemical ones. Both of these kinds of properties serve as valuable sources of information about our familiar middle-sized objects at least to the extent that they enable us (...)
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  45. How to Be Psychologically Relevant.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1995 - In Cynthia Macdonald & Graham Macdonald (eds.), Philosophy of Psychology: Debates on Psychological Explanation. Blackwell.
    How did I raise my arm? The simple answer is that I raised it as a consequence of intending to raise it. A slightly more complicated response would mention the absence of any factors which would inhibit the execution of the intention- and a more complicated one still would specify the intention in terms of a goal (say, drinking a beer) which requires arm-raising as a means towards that end. Whatever the complications, the simple answer appears to be on the (...)
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  46.  4
    The Perverse Consequences of a Proposed Global Tax on Research.Chris MacDonald & Nancy Walton - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (6):46-47.
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  47.  85
    Review: Gregg Ten Elshof: Introspection Vindicated. [REVIEW]C. Macdonald - 2008 - Mind 117 (465):176-180.
  48.  69
    Mental Causation and Nonreductive Monism.Cynthia Macdonald & Graham F. Macdonald - 1991 - Analysis 51 (January):23-32.
  49. Consciousness, Self-Consciousness, and Authoritative Self-Knowledge.Cynthia Macdonald - 2008 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):319-346.
    Many recent discussions of self-consciousness and self-knowledge assume that there are only two kinds of accounts available to be taken on the relation between the so-called first-order (conscious) states and subjects' awareness or knowledge of them: a same-order, or reflexive view, on the one hand, or a higher-order one, on the other. I maintain that there is a third kind of view that is distinctively different from these two options. The view is important because it can accommodate and make intelligible (...)
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  50. Commercialisation of Genetic Services: The Role of Genetic Counsellors.Chris MacDonald - 2002 - Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 8 (1):1.
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