25 found
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  1. Against the New Cartesian Circle.Everett Fulmer & C. P. Ragland - 2017 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 47 (1):66-74.
    In two recent papers, Michael Della Rocca accuses Descartes of reasoning circularly in the Fourth Meditation. This alleged new circle is distinct from, and more vicious than, the traditional Cartesian Circle arising in the Third Meditation. We explain Della Rocca’s reasons for this accusation, showing that his argument is invalid.
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  2.  76
    God, Evil, and Occasionalism.Matthew Shea & C. P. Ragland - 2018 - Religious Studies 54 (2):265-283.
    In a recent paper, Alvin Plantinga defends occasionalism against an important moral objection: if God is the sole direct cause of all the suffering that results from immoral human choices, this causal role is difficult to reconcile with God’s perfect goodness. Plantinga argues that this problem is no worse for occasionalism than for any of the competing views of divine causality; in particular, there is no morally relevant difference between God directly causing suffering and God indirectly causing it. First, we (...)
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  3.  21
    The Will to Reason: Theodicy and Freedom in Descartes.C. P. Ragland - 2016 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Offering an original perspective on the central project of Descartes' Meditations, this book argues that Descartes' free will theodicy is crucial to his refutation of skepticism. A common thread runs through Descartes' radical First Meditation doubts, his Fourth Meditation discussion of error, and his pious reconciliation of providence and freedom: each involves a clash of perspectives-thinking of God seems to force conclusions diametrically opposed to those we reach when thinking only of ourselves. Descartes fears that a skeptic could exploit this (...)
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  4.  83
    Descartes on the Principle of Alternative Possibilities.C. P. Ragland - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):377-394.
    : The principle of alternative possibilities (PAP) says that doing something freely implies being able to do otherwise. I show that Descartes consistently believed not only in PAP, but also in clear and distinct determinism (CDD), which claims that we sometimes cannot but judge true what we clearly perceive. Because Descartes thinks judgment is always a free act, PAP and CDD seem contradictory, but Descartes consistently resolved this apparent contradiction by distinguishing between two senses of 'could have done otherwise.' In (...)
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  5.  33
    Descartes on Degrees of Freedom: A Close Look at a Key Text.C. P. Ragland - 2013 - Essays in Philosophy 14 (2):239-268.
    In an influential article, Anthony Kenny charged that the view of freedom in Descartes’ “1645 letter to Mesland” is incoherent, and that this incoherence was present in Descartes’ thought from the beginning. Against , I argue that such incoherence would rather support Gilson’s suspicions that the 1645 letter is dishonest. Against , I offer a close reading of the letter, showing that Kenny’s objection seems plausible only if we misconstrue a key ambiguity in the text. I close by defending Descartes (...)
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  6.  76
    Alternative Possibilities in Descartes's Fourth Meditation.C. P. Ragland - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (3):379 – 400.
  7. Descartes on Divine Providence and Human Freedom.C. P. Ragland - 2005 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 87 (2):159-188.
    God’s providence appears to threaten the existence of human freedom. This paper examines why Descartes considered this threat merelyapparent. Section one argues that Descartes did not reconcile providence and freedom by adopting a compatibilist conception of freedom. Sections two and three argue that for Descartes, God’s superior knowledge allows God to providentially arrange free choices without causally determining them. Descartes’ position thus strongly resembles the “middle knowledge” solution of the Jesuits. Section four examines the problematic relationship between this solution and (...)
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  8.  19
    The Trouble with Quiescence: Stump on Grace and Freedom.C. P. Ragland - 2006 - Philosophia Christi 8 (2):343-62.
  9.  19
    Descartes on the Principle of Alternative Possibilities.C. P. Ragland - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (3):377-394.
    The principle of alternative possibilities says that doing something freely implies being able to do otherwise. I show that Descartes consistently believed not only in PAP, but also in clear and distinct determinism, which claims that we sometimes cannot but judge true what we clearly perceive. Because Descartes thinks judgment is always a free act, PAP and CDD seem contradictory, but Descartes consistently resolved this apparent contradiction by distinguishing between two senses of 'could have done otherwise.' In one sense alternative (...)
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  10.  78
    Descartes's Theodicy.C. P. Ragland - 2007 - Religious Studies 43 (2):125-144.
    In the Fourth Meditation, Descartes asks: 'If God is no deceiver, why do we sometimes err?' Descartes's answer (despite initial appearances) is both systematic and necessary for his epistemological project. Two atheistic arguments from error purport to show that reason both proves and disproves God's existence. Descartes must block them to escape scepticism. He offers a mixed theodicy: the value of free will justifies God in allowing our actual errors, and the perfection of the universe may justify God in making (...)
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  11.  17
    Is Hobbes Really an Antirealist About Accidents?Sahar Joakim & C. P. Ragland - 2018 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 14 (2):11-25.
    In Metaphysical Themes, Robert Pasnau interprets Thomas Hobbes as an anti-realist about all accidents in general. In opposition to Pasnau, we argue that Hobbes is a realist about some accidents (e.g., motion and magnitude). Section One presents Pasnau’s position on Hobbes; namely, that Hobbes is an unqualified anti-realist of the eliminativist sort. Section Two offers reasons to reject Pasnau’s interpretation. Hobbes explains that magnitude is mind-independent, and he offers an account of perception in terms of motion (understood as a mind-independent (...)
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  12.  69
    The Rationalists.C. P. Ragland - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):104-108.
  13.  46
    Softening Fischer’s Hard Compatibilism.C. P. Ragland - 2011 - Modern Schoolman 88 (1/2):51-71.
    According to “hard” compatibilists, we can be responsible for our actions not only when they are determined by mindless natural causes, but also when some agent other than ourselves intentionally determines us to act as we do. “Soft” compatibilists consider freedom compatible with merely natural determinism, but not with intentional determinism. Because he believes there is no relevant difference between a naturally determined agent and a relevantly similar intentionally determined agent, John Martin Fischer is a hard compatibilist. However, he argues (...)
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  14.  45
    Joel Buenting The Problem of Hell: A~Philosophical Anthology. Ashgate, 2010.C. P. Ragland - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (3):245--250.
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  15.  22
    How Free Will Works: A Dualist Theory of Human Action. [REVIEW]C. P. Ragland - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (2):384-386.
  16.  7
    Introduction: The Act of Philosophizing.Sarah Heidt & C. P. Ragland - 2017 - In Anne Applebaum (ed.), What is Philosophy? Yale University Press. pp. 1-24.
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  17.  12
    Descartes on Causation1.C. P. Ragland - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (2):99-111.
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  18.  8
    The Rationalists: Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz. [REVIEW]C. P. Ragland - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (1):104-108.
  19. Hell.C. P. Ragland - 2008 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  20.  26
    Review of Kevin Timpe, Free Will: Sourcehood and its Alternatives[REVIEW]C. P. Ragland - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (3).
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  21.  18
    Critical Study.C. P. Ragland - 1999 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 73 (2):291-307.
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  22.  6
    Critical Study: William Alston’s A Realist Conception of Truth. [REVIEW]C. P. Ragland - 1999 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 73 (2):291-307.
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  23.  5
    Self, Reason, and Freedom: A New Light on Descartes’ Metaphysics. [REVIEW]C. P. Ragland - 2016 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (3):618-620.
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  24. Love and Damnation.C. P. Ragland - 2009 - In Kevin Timpe & Eleonore Stump (eds.), Metaphysics and God: Essays in Honor of Eleonore Stump. Routledge.
  25. What is Philosophy?C. P. Ragland & Sarah Heidt (eds.) - 2001 - Yale University Press.
    In this stimulating book, six leading philosophers—Karl-Otto Apel, Robert Brandom, Karsten Harries, Martha Nussbaum, Barry Stroud, and Allen Wood—consider the nature of philosophy. Although each of them has a unique perspective, they all seem to agree that philosophy seeks to uncover hidden assumptions and concepts in order to expose them to critical scrutiny. It is thus entirely fitting that philosophers should examine their own assumptions about the nature of their discipline. As they delve into the nature of philosophy, the authors (...)
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