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C. Stephen Evans
Baylor University
  1. God and Moral Obligation.C. Stephen Evans - 2013 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    God and moral obligations -- What is a divine command theory of moral obligation? -- The relation of divine command theory to natural law and virtue ethics -- Objections to divine command theory -- Alternatives to a divine command theory -- Conclusions: The inescapability of moral obligations.
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  2.  12
    Natural signs and knowledge of God: a new look at theistic arguments.C. Stephen Evans - 2012 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Is there such a thing as natural knowledge of God? C. Stephen Evans presents the case for understanding theistic arguments as expressions of natural signs in order to gain a new perspective both on their strengths and weaknesses. Three classical, much-discussed theistic arguments - cosmological, teleological, and moral - are examined for the natural signs they embody. At the heart of this book lie several relatively simple ideas. One is that if there is a God of the kind accepted by (...)
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  3. Kierkegaard's ethic of love: divine commands and moral obligations.C. Stephen Evans - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    C. Stephen Evans explains and defends Kierkegaard's account of moral obligations as rooted in God's commands, the fundamental command being `You shall love your neighbour as yourself'. The work will be of interest not only to those interested in Kierkegaard, but also to those interested in the relation between ethics and religion, especially questions about whether morality can or must have a religious foundation. As well as providing a comprehensive reading of Kierkegaard as an ethical thinker, Evans puts him into (...)
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  4.  23
    Kierkegaard's "Fragments" and "Postscript": The Religious Philosophy of Johannes Climacus.C. Stephen Evans - 1983 - Atlantic Highlands, N.J.: Humanity Books.
    Attempts to unlock the Climacus section of Kierkegaard's pseudonymous literature. This book offers a sustained analysis of the key concepts discussed in the works: existence and the ethical, truth and subjectivity, indirect communication, guilt and suffering, irony and humour, reason and paradox, and faith and history.
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  5.  9
    Faith Beyond Reason.C. Stephen Evans - 1998 - Reason & Religion.
    This book is an explanation and defence of a veiw of faith and reason that is found in the writings of Kierkegaard, a view often termed as fideism. The author distinguishes indefensible forms of fideism that involve a rejection of reason from a fideism that requires that reason becomeself-critical. An understanding of the limits of reason requires both an understanding of faith as above reason, as in Aquinas and Kant, and also as against what is taken as rational by most (...)
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  6.  10
    Faith Beyond Reason: A Kierkegaardian Account.C. Stephen Evans - 1998 - Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing.
    This volume in the Reason & Religion series provides an explanation and defense of a view of faith and reason found in the writings of Soren Kierkegaard and others that is often called "fideism", a belief in faith beyond reason.
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  7.  24
    Philosophy of Religion: Thinking About Faith.C. Stephen Evans & R. Zachary Manis - 2009 - Ivp Academic. Edited by R. Zachary Manis.
    General preface -- Preface to the second edition -- What is philosophy of religion? -- Philosophy of religion and other disciplines -- Philosophy of religion and philosophy -- Can thinking about religion be neutral? -- Fideism -- Neutralism -- Critical dialogue -- The theistic God : the project of natural theology -- Concepts of God -- The theistic concept of God -- A case study : divine foreknowledge and human freedom -- The problem of religious language -- Natural theology -- (...)
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  8. Kierkegaard's Fragments and Postscript: The Religious Philosophy of Johannes Climacus.C. Stephen Evans - 1983 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 16 (2):175-176.
     
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  9.  70
    Can God Be Hidden and Evident at the Same Time? Some Kierkegaardian Reflections.C. Stephen Evans - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (3):241-253.
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  10.  41
    Kierkegaard: An Introduction.C. Stephen Evans - 2009 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    C. Stephen Evans provides a clear, readable introduction to Søren Kierkegaard as a philosopher and thinker. His book is organised around Kierkegaard's concept of the three 'stages' or 'spheres' of human existence, which provide both a developmental account of the human self and an understanding of three rival views of human life and its meaning. Evans also discusses such important Kierkegaardian concepts as 'indirect communication', 'truth as subjectivity', and the Incarnation understood as 'the Absolute Paradox'. Although his discussion emphasises the (...)
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  11.  38
    Passionate Reason: Making Sense of Kierkegaard's Philosophical Fragments.C. Stephen Evans - 1992 - Indiana University Press.
    Johannes Climacus, Søren Kierkegaard's pseudonymous author of Philosophical Fragments, "invents" a religion suspiciously resembling Christianity as an alternative to the assumption that humans possess the Truth within themselves. Through this literary device, Climacus raises in a fresh and audacious way age-old questions about the relation of Christian faith to human reason. Is the idea of a human incarnation of God logically coherent? Is religious faith the product of a voluntary choice? In a comprehensive discussion of one of Kierkegaard's most important (...)
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  12.  5
    Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations.C. Stephen Evans - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    A compelling account of Kierkegaard's ethical views, seeing him against the backdrop of nineteenth-century European society but showing the relevance of his thought for the twenty-first century. Kierkegaard's view of morality as grounded in God's command to love our neighbours as ourselves has clear advantages over contemporary secular rivals.
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  13. Kierkegaard's Ethic of Love: Divine Commands and Moral Obligations.C. Stephen Evans - 2006 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 59 (2):125-127.
     
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  14. Passionate Reason: Making Sense of Kierkegaard's Philosophical Fragments.C. Stephen Evans - 1994 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 36 (1):57-59.
     
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  15.  18
    Accountability and Autonomy.John R. Peteet, Charlotte V. O. Witvliet & C. Stephen Evans - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (1):69-71.
    Christian miller invites further clarification about the relationship between accountability and autonomy. Whereas embracing accountability to others for one’s responsibilities in those relationships emphasizes relationality, autonomy accents the individual’s own capacities to exhibit agency in enacting one’s decisions. Accordingly, we theorize that relational capacities for empathic concern and perspective-taking are especially important in the virtue of accountability. The capacity for self-regulation may serve both one’s autonomous pursuits and accountability for carrying out one’s responsibilities...
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  16.  38
    Kierkegaard and the Limits of the Ethical.C. Stephen Evans & Anthony Rudd - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (4):592.
    This book contains a vigorous argument, constructed with the help of Kierkegaard, that the Kantian ideal of autonomy in ethics is misplaced, and that the most adequate forms of the ethical life see ethics as requiring a religious foundation. The ideal of an ethic that is grounded in "pure, impartial reason" is a chimera; no justification for ethical living can be given that does not see ethical knowledge as stemming from a "committed" or "situated" perspective that eschews the disengaged "view (...)
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  17.  17
    Accountability as a Key Virtue in Mental Health and Human Flourishing.John R. Peteet, Charlotte V. O. Witvliet & C. Stephen Evans - 2022 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 29 (1):49-60.
  18. What Does it Mean to Be a Bodily Soul?C. Stephen Evans & Brandon L. Rickabaugh - 2015 - Philosophia Christi 17 (2):315-330.
    Evangelical scholars have recently offered criticisms of mind-body dualism from the disciplines of theology, philosophy, and neuroscience. We offer several arguments as to why these reasons for abandoning mind-body dualism fail. Additionally, we offer a positive thesis, a dualism that brings together the best aspects of the Cartesian view and the Thomistic view of human persons. The result is a substance dualism that treats the nature of embodiment quite seriously. This view explains why we, as souls, require a resurrected body (...)
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  19. Religious experience and the question of whether belief in God requires evidence.C. Stephen Evans - 2011 - In Kelly James Clark & Raymond J. VanArragon (eds.), Evidence and Religious Belief. Oxford University Press.
  20.  35
    Does Kierkegaard think beliefs can be directly willed?C. Stephen Evans - 1989 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 26 (3):173 - 184.
  21.  94
    Kierkegaard and the Limits of Reason: Can There Be a Responsible Fideism?C. Stephen Evans - 2008 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 64 (2/4):1021 - 1035.
    This paper argues that Kierkegaard is not an irrationalist, but a "responsible fideist." Responsible fideism attempts to answer two important philosophical questions: "Are there limits to reason?" and "How can the limits of reason be recognized?" Kierkegaard's account of the incarnation as "the absolute paradox" does not see the incarnation as a logical contradiction, but rather functions in a way similar to a Kantian antimony. Faith in the incarnation both helps us recognize the limits of reason and also to a (...)
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  22.  40
    Kierkegaard on Religious Authority.C. Stephen Evans - 2000 - Faith and Philosophy 17 (1):48-67.
    This paper explores the important role authority plays in the religious thought of Søren Kierkegaard. In contrast to dominant modes of thought in both modern and postmodern philosophy, Kierkegaard considers the religious authority inherent in a special revelation from God to be the fundamental source of religious truth. The question as to how a genuine religious authority can be recognized is particularly difficult for Kierkegaard, since rational evaluation of authorities could be seen as a rejection of that authority in favor (...)
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  23.  34
    Separable Souls: A Defense of “Minimal Dualism”.C. Stephen Evans - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):313-331.
  24. Neuroscience, Spiritual Formation, and Bodily Souls: A Critique of Christian Physicalism.Brandon Rickabaugh & C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - In R. Keith Loftin & Joshua Farris (eds.), Christian Physicalism? Philosophical Theological Criticisms. Lanham: Lexington. pp. 231-256.
    The link between human nature and human flourishing is undeniable. "A healthy tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a diseased tree bear good fruit" (Matt. 7:18). The ontology of the human person will, therefore, ground the nature of human flourishing and thereby sanctification. Spiritual formation is the area of Christian theology that studies sanctification, the Spirit-guided process whereby disciples of Jesus are formed into the image of Jesus (Rom. 8:28-29; 2 Cor. 3:18; 2 Peter 3:18). Until the nineteenth century, (...)
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  25. The naïve teleological argument : an argument from design for ordinary people.C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - In Jerry L. Walls Trent Dougherty (ed.), Two Dozen (or so) Arguments for God: The Plantinga Project. Oxford University Press.
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  26. Subjectivity and Religious Belief.C. Stephen Evans - 1982 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (1):44-45.
  27.  98
    Separable souls: A defense of minimal dualism.C. Stephen Evans - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):313-332.
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  28.  10
    Separable Souls: A Defense of “Minimal Dualism”.C. Stephen Evans - 1981 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):313-331.
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  29.  52
    Who Is the Other in Sickness Unto Death? God and Human Relations in the Constitution of the Self.C. Stephen Evans - 1997 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1997 (1):1-15.
  30. Revolutionary Neighbor-Love: Kierkegaard, Marx, and Social Reform.Richard Eva & C. Stephen Evans - 2021 - International Journal on Humanistic Ideology 11 (1):199-218.
    In this paper we compare Kierkegaard’s and Marx’s views on social reform. Then we argue that Kierkegaard’s own reasoning is consistent with the expression of neighbor-love through collective action, i.e. social reform. However, Kierkegaard’s approach to social reform would be vastly different than Marx’s. We end by reviewing several questions that Kierkegaardian social reformers would ask themselves. Our hope is that this exploration will provide helpful insights into how those who genuinely love their neighbors ought to seek the common good (...)
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  31. Kierkegaard: Fear and Trembling.C. Stephen Evans & Sylvia Walsh (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this rich and resonant work, Soren Kierkegaard reflects poetically and philosophically on the biblical story of God's command to Abraham, that he sacrifice his son Isaac as a test of faith. Was Abraham's proposed action morally and religiously justified or murder? Is there an absolute duty to God? Was Abraham justified in remaining silent? In pondering these questions, Kierkegaard presents faith as a paradox that cannot be understood by reason and conventional morality, and he challenges the universalist ethics and (...)
     
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  32.  37
    Living Accountably: Accountability as a Virtue in advance.C. Stephen Evans & Brandon Rickabaugh - forthcoming - International Philosophical Quarterly.
    This paper tries to show that there is an important virtue (with no generally recognized name) that could be called “accountability.” This virtue is a trait of a person who embraces being held accountable and consistently displays excellence in relations in which the person is held accountable. After describing the virtue in more detail, including its motivational profile, some core features of this virtue are described. Empirical implications and an agenda for future research are briefly discussed. Possible objections to the (...)
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  33.  40
    Could a Divine-Command Theory of Moral Obligations Justify Horrible Acts? Some Kierkegaardian Reflections.C. Stephen Evans - 2022 - The Monist 105 (3):388-407.
    This paper considers whether a divine-command theory of moral obligation could justify morally horrible acts, partly by examining Kierkegaard’s writings. It argues that only the commands of a God who is essentially good could be morally justified, and thus no defensible version of a DCT could actually justify horrible acts. In Works of Love Kierkegaard defends such a DCT, and thus is committed to the claim that any actual commands of God must be aimed at the good. This is consistent (...)
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  34. Unity and multiplicity in hypnosis, commissurotomy, and multiple personality disorder.D. G. Benner & C. Stephen Evans - 1984 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 5 (4):423-431.
  35.  24
    Mis-Using Religious Language: Something about Kierkegaard and 'The Myth of God Incarnate'.C. Stephen Evans - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (2):139 - 157.
  36.  22
    Mis-using religious language: Something about Kierkegaard and ‘the myth of God incarnate’: C. Stephen Evans.C. Stephen Evans - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (2):139-157.
    At the risk of a tremendous over-simplification, I believe it is helpful to categorize views of Christianity which have appeared in the west in the last two hundred years into three major groups. First there are the unbelievers, those for whom Christianity is straightforwardly untrue, unknowable, or unbelievable . This group would include those who try to salvage some form of essentially humanistic religion as well as those who simply turn away from religious belief altogether, either to put their ultimate (...)
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  37.  18
    The Role of Irony in Kierkegaard's Philosophical Fragments.C. Stephen Evans - 2004 - Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 2004 (1):63-79.
  38.  26
    Worldviews, Moral Seemings, and Moral Epistemology.C. Stephen Evans - 2020 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (4):815-836.
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  39. The Single Individual is Higher than the Universal: Kierkegaard.Karl Aho & C. Stephen Evans - 2019 - In John Shand (ed.), A Companion to Nineteenth Century Philosophy. pp. 160-184.
     
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  40.  9
    Moral Arguments.C. Stephen Evans - 2010 - In Charles Taliaferro, Paul Draper & Philip L. Quinn (eds.), A Companion to Philosophy of Religion. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 385–391.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Theistic Arguments in General Difficulties with Moral Arguments Types of Moral Arguments Kant's Practical Moral Argument Some Contemporary Moral Arguments Works cited.
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  41. Moral Arguments.C. Stephen Evans - 2010 - In The Philosophers' Magazine. Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 6-8.
    This article provides a survey of types of moral arguments for the existence of God. The article begins by defending this type of arguments against some common criticisms, and then distinguishes practical moral arguments from theoretical moral arguments, before looking at the strengths and weaknesses of various versions of each type. The philosophers who are discussed include Immanuel Kant, Philip Quinn, Robert Adams, and George Mavrodes. The article defends the claim that such arguments can be an important part of a (...)
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  42.  87
    Kierkegaard and Plantinga on Belief in God.C. Stephen Evans - 1988 - Faith and Philosophy 5 (1):25-39.
    This paper compares the views and arguments of Alvin Plantinga and Søren Kierkegaard on the question of belief in God. Kierkegaard’s view of belief in God (which must be sharply distinguished from faith in the Absolute Paradox) is shown to be surprisinglysimilar to Plantinga’s claim that belief in God can be properly basic. Two of Plantinga’s arguments for taking belief in God as properly basic are shown to have analogues in Kierkegaard.Plantinga claims that though properly basic beliefs are not based (...)
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  43.  45
    The Revolt against Accountability to God.C. Stephen Evans - 2019 - Philosophia Christi 21 (2):289-308.
    Philosophers such as Nietzsche, Marx, and Freud have developed “global hermeneutical perspectives” on human nature. This paper argues that Christian faith also provides such a perspective, which is termed the “no-neutrality thesis.” Humans were created to serve God, but they have rebelled against their rightful sovereign, and this rebellion may show itself in morality. If moral obligations are God’s requirements, then the human rebellion might provide motivation for rejecting objective moral obligations. Thus the noneutrality thesis may help us understand some (...)
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  44.  55
    Kierkegaard On Escaping the Cult of Busyness.Karl Aho & C. Stephen Evans - 2018 - Institute of Art and Ideas.
    A 2016 article in the Journal of Consumer Research argues that busyness has become a status symbol. In earlier societies, such as the 19th century Thorstein Veblen describes in his Theory of the Leisure Class, the wealthy conspicuously avoided work. They saw idleness as an ideal. By contrast, contemporary Americans praise being overworked. They see busy individuals as possessing rare and desirable characteristics, such as competence and ambition. -/- To respond philosophically to our new overworked overlords and status icons, we (...)
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  45. Kierkegaard’s View of Humor.C. Stephen Evans - 1987 - Faith and Philosophy 4 (2):176-186.
    Many people view humor and a serious religious life as antithetical. This paper attempts to elucidate Kierkegaard’s view of humor, and thereby to explain his claims that humor is essentially linked to a religious life, and that the capacity for humor resides in a deep structure of human existence. A distinction is drawn between humor as a general element in life, and a special sense of humor as a “boundary zone” of the religious life. The latter kind of “humorist” embodies (...)
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  46.  1
    The Single Individual is Higher than the Universal.Karl Aho & C. Stephen Evans - 2019 - In John Shand (ed.), A Companion to Nineteenth‐Century Philosophy. Hoboken, NJ, USA: Wiley. pp. 160–184.
    Soren Kierkegaard (1813‐1855) is primarily known as a moral philosopher. This chapter looks at his contributions to ethics, and shows how Kierkegaard's writings can contribute to epistemology, metaphysics, and other areas of contemporary philosophy. In order to contextualize Kierkegaard's contributions to philosophy the chapter briefly surveys some of the ways Kierkegaard is connected to nineteenth‐century philosophers, as well as classical figures like Socrates. It considers Kierkegaard's contributions to moral philosophy in two ways. First, the chapter briefly recounts Kierkegaard's suspicion of (...)
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  47.  4
    "Behind" the Text: History and Biblical Interpretation.Craig G. Bartholomew, C. Stephen Evans & Mary Healy - 2003 - Harper Collins.
    The fourth in a series of books that result from annual conferences of the top evangelical hermeneutical scholars in the world. The topic for this book probes contemporary theories on the philosophy and theology of history and analyzes how those views intersect with the concept of the Bible as history.
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  48.  2
    New Dictionary of Christian Apologetics.Gavin McGrath & C. Stephen Evans (eds.) - 2006 - Inter-Varsity Press.
    Publisher's description: The New Dictionary of Christian Apologetics is a must-have resource for professors and students, pastors and laypersons - in short, for any Christian who wishes to understand or develop a rational explanation of the Christian faith in the context of today's complex and ever-changing world. Including hundreds of articles that cover key topics, historic figures and contemporary global issues relating to the study and practice of Christian apologetics, this handy one-volume resource will make an invaluable addition to any (...)
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  49.  8
    Foundations of Kierkegaard's Vision of Community: Religion, Ethics, and Politics in Kierkegaard.George Connell & C. Stephen Evans - 1992 - Humanities Press.
  50.  13
    Kierkegaard's Aesthete and Unamuno's Niebla.Jan E. Evans & C. Stephen Evans - 2004 - Philosophy and Literature 28 (2):342-352.
    What is truly beautiful? For Søren Kierkegaard the beautiful is to be found in an integrated self, one that is freely chosen. This article explores Kierkegaard's "aesthetic" stage of existence through the character of Augusto Pérez, the protagonist of Miguel de Unamuno's novel, Niebla. After establishing a solid link between Unamuno and Kierkegaard, Kierkegaard's "ethical" stage is used to critique the "aesthetic" stage on aesthetic grounds, on the basis of the beauty found in life's work, a calling. The conclusion is (...)
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