77 found
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  1.  10
    The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Christopher W. Tindale - 2015 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in argumentation theory has emphasized the nature of arguers and arguments along with various theoretical perspectives. Less attention has been given to the third feature of any argumentative situation - the audience. This book fills that gap by studying audience reception to argumentation and the problems that come to light as a result of this shift in focus. Christopher W. Tindale advances the tacit theories of several earlier thinkers by addressing the central problems connected with audience considerations in (...)
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  2. Fallacies and Argument Appraisal.Christopher W. Tindale - 2007 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of fallacies, Tindale provides fuller treatments (...)
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  3. Acts of Arguing, A Rhetorical Model of Argument (ARNO R. LODDER).C. W. Tindale - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (1):73-78.
  4. Analogical Arguments: Inferential Structures and Defeasibility Conditions.Fabrizio Macagno, Douglas Walton & Christopher Tindale - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (2):221-243.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the structure and the defeasibility conditions of argument from analogy, addressing the issues of determining the nature of the comparison underlying the analogy and the types of inferences justifying the conclusion. In the dialectical tradition, different forms of similarity were distinguished and related to the possible inferences that can be drawn from them. The kinds of similarity can be divided into four categories, depending on whether they represent fundamental semantic features of the (...)
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  5.  18
    The Anthropology of Argument: Cultural Foundations of Rhetoric and Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Routledge.
    This innovative text reinvigorates argumentation studies by exploring the experience of argument across cultures, introducing an anthropological perspective into the domains of rhetoric, communication, and philosophy. The Anthropology of Argument fills an important gap in contemporary argumentation theory by shifting the focus away from the purely propositional element of arguments and onto how they emerge from the experiences of peoples with diverse backgrounds, demonstrating how argumentation can be understood as a means of expression and a gathering place of ideas and (...)
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  6.  67
    Analogical Reasoning and Semantic Rules of Inference.Fabrizio Macagno, Douglas Walton & Christopher W. Tindale - 2014 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 270 (4):419-432.
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  7.  30
    `hidden' Or `missing' Premises.James Gough & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
  8.  47
    Applying Recent Argumentation Methods to Some Ancient Examples of Plausible Reasoning.Douglas Walton, Christopher W. Tindale & Thomas F. Gordon - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):85-119.
    Plausible (eikotic) reasoning known from ancient Greek (late Academic) skeptical philosophy is shown to be a clear notion that can be analyzed by argumentation methods, and that is important for argumentation studies. It is shown how there is a continuous thread running from the Sophists to the skeptical philosopher Carneades, through remarks of Locke and Bentham on the subject, to recent research in artificial intelligence. Eleven characteristics of plausible reasoning are specified by analyzing key examples of it recognized as important (...)
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  9.  41
    Logical fallacies and invasion biology.Radu Cornel Guiaşu & Christopher W. Tindale - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):34.
    Leading invasion biologists sometimes dismiss critics and criticisms of their field by invoking “the straw man” fallacy. Critics of invasion biology are also labelled as a small group of “naysayers” or “contrarians”, who are sometimes engaging in “science denialism”. Such unfortunate labels can be seen as a way to possibly suppress legitimate debates and dismiss or minimize reasonable concerns about some aspects of invasion biology, including the uncertainties about the geographic origins and complex environmental impacts of species, and the control (...)
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  10.  15
    Rigour and Reason: Essays in Honour of Hans Vilhelm Hansen.J. Anthony Blair & Christopher W. Tindale (eds.) - 2020 - University of Windsor.
    Built in the centre of Copenhagen, and noted for its equestrian stairway, the Rundetaarn, was intended as an astronomical observatory. Part of a complex of buildings that once included a university library, it affords expansive views of the city in every direction, towering above what surrounds it. The metaphor of the towering figure, who sees what others might not, whose vantage point allows him to visualize how things fit together, and who has an earned-stature of respect and authority, fits another (...)
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  11. Rhetorical Argumentation and the Nature of Audience: Toward an Understanding of Audience—Issues in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):508-532.
    In any field, we might expect different features relevant to its understanding and development to receive attention at different times, depending on the stage of that field’s growth and the interests that occupy theorists and even the history of the theorists themselves. In the relatively young life of argumentation theory, at least as it has formed a body of issues with identified research questions, attention has almost naturally been focused on the central concern of the field—arguments. Focus is also given (...)
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  12.  23
    Logical fallacies persist in invasion biology and blaming the messengers will not improve accountability in this field: a response to Frank et al.Christopher W. Tindale & Radu Cornel Guiaşu - 2023 - Biology and Philosophy 38 (1):1-18.
    We analyze the “Logical fallacies and reasonable debates in invasion biology: a response to Guiaşu and Tindale” article by Frank et al., and also discuss this work in the context of recent intense debates in invasion biology, and reactions by leading invasion biologists to critics of aspects of their field. While we acknowledge the attempt by Frank et al., at least in the second half of their paper, to take into account more diverse points of view about non-native species and (...)
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  13.  75
    Ways of being reasonable: Perelman and the philosophers.Christopher W. Tindale - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):337-361.
    In 1958, Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca published Traité de l'argumentation: La nouvelle rhétorique, the culmination of many years study. A seminal work in philosophy and rhetoric, it aimed to bring classical Aristotelian rhetoric into the modern era and present a model of argumentation that promoted action and reasonableness. One distinctive feature of the dense account found in this work is the claim that the success of argumentation can in part be measured by the responses of the audience for which (...)
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  14.  39
    Audiences, relevance, and cognitive environments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):177-188.
    This paper discusses the fundamental sense in which the components of an argument should be relevant to the intended audience. In particular, the evidence advanced should be relevant to the facts and assumptions that are manifest in the cognitive environment of the audience. A version of Sperber and Wilson's concept of the cognitive environment is applied to argumentative concerns, and from this certain features of audience-relevance are explored: that the relevance of a premise can vary with the audience; that irrelevant (...)
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  15.  18
    Mind the Gap: Kairos in the Spaces of Silence.Christopher W. Tindale - 2022 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 55 (1):66-70.
    ABSTRACT Discourses conceal as much as they reveal, but in their concealment they may invite an audience into the silences of the gaps and pauses they contain in order to reflect and find insight. The moments of opportunity provided by these gaps suggest two sides to the concept of kairos, capturing both the ability of the author/speaker to create the opportune moment in the discourse, and the ability of the reader/listener to see that moment and the experience it invites.
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  16.  27
    Fallacies, Blunders, and Dialogue Shifts: Walton‘s Contributions to the Fallacy Debate.Christopher W. Tindale - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (3):341-354.
    The paper examines Walton‘s concept of fallacy as it develops throughthree stages of his work: from the early series of papers co-authored withJohn Woods; through a second phase of involvement with thepragma-dialectical perspective; and on to the final phase in which heoffers a distinct pragmatic theory that reaches beyond the perceived limitsof the pragma-dialectical account while still exhibiting a debt to thatperspective and the early investigations with Woods. It is observed how Walton‘s model of fallacy is established in distinction to (...)
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  17. Fallacies in Transition: An Assessment of the Pragma-Dialectical Perspective.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (1).
    The paper critically investigates the pragma-dialectics of van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the treatment of fallacies. While the pragma-dialectieians claim that dialectics combines the logical and rhetorical approaches to argumentation, it is argued here that the perspective relies heavily on rhetorical features that have been suppressed in the account and that overlooking these features leads to significant problems in the pragma-dialectical perspective. In light of these problems, the author advocates turning attention to a rhetorical account which subsumes the logical and (...)
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  18.  43
    The Use of Irony in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale & James Gough - 1987 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 20 (1):1 - 17.
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  19.  21
    Replicating Reasons: Arguments, Memes, and the Cognitive Environment.Christopher W. Tindale - 2017 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 50 (4):566-588.
    The human being is an imitative animal. This statement, or description, resonates across time and cultures. Its familiarity derives from its repetition. It has, in terms appropriate to this discussion, a memetic quality. What Aristotle says is that "imitation is natural to man from childhood, one of his advantages over the lower animals being this, that he is the most imitative creature in the world, and learns first by imitation". The proof for this, Aristotle goes on to explain, lies in (...)
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  20.  53
    Out of the Space of Reasons: Argumentation, agents, and persons.Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (3):383-398.
    The paper investigates the `logical space of reasons' as a social space in which rational agents operate and persons in an important sense come to be. Building from an investigation of argumentative agents in Aristotle's Rhetoric, I discuss both interior and exterior criteria for personhood and propose that the latter shows how argumentation, as a principal activity of the space of reasons, results in the particular kinds of persons we recognize there as rational agents. The overall analysis is indebted to (...)
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  21.  24
    Critical Thinking: How To Teach Good Reasoning.Leo Groarke & Christopher Tindale - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (4):301-318.
  22.  8
    The Truth about Orangutans: Defending Acceptability.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  23. Fact from opinion.Perry Weddle & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (1).
  24.  48
    Perelman, Informal Logic and the Historicity of Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (3):341-357.
    In a posthumous paper, Perelman discusses his decision to bring his theory of argumentation together with rhetoric rather than calling it an informal logic. This is due in part because of the centrality he gives to audience, and in part because of the negative attitude that informal logicians have to rhetoric. In this paper, I explore both of these concerns by way of considering what benefits Perelman’s work can have for informal logic, and what insights the work of informal logicians (...)
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  25. Dialectics, Dialogue and Argumentation: An Examination of Douglas Walton's Theories of Reasoning and Argument.C. Tindale & C. Reed (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
  26.  29
    What is Extremism? Advancing Definition in Political Argumentation.Hareim Hassan, Léa Farine, Nick Kinnish, Daniel Mejía & Christopher Tindale - 2023 - Topoi 42 (2):573-581.
    One of the positive ways in which argumentation can improve political thinking is through providing definitions. We can establish definitions through argumentation, filtering out ideas that are irrelevant or unacceptable, and collecting features that offer a comprehensive understanding of a crucial concept. In this paper, we use argumentation to illuminate the concept of extremism. We proceed in this way: first, we discuss the relationship between argumentation and definitions. Second, we look at the current state of affairs by exploring contemporary definitions (...)
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  27.  5
    Commentary on Jorgensen.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  28. Argumentation at the Century's Turn [CD-ROM].Christopher W. Tindale, Hans V. Hansen & Elmar Sveda (eds.) - 2000 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
     
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  29.  10
    Introduction.Christopher W. Tindale - 1998 - Argumentation 12 (2):141-145.
  30.  24
    Introduction.Christopher W. Tindale - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
  31.  69
    The Logic of Torture.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
  32.  16
    The Logic of Torture.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
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  33.  4
    On the Kisceral Mode of Argumentation.Christopher Tindale - 2022 - Informal Logic 44 (1):603-621.
    Of the different modes that characterize Michael Gilbert’s multi-modal theory of argumentation, the kisceral is in many ways the most challenging to understand and employ. It appears to bypass the processes of reason that have dominated accounts in the Western tradition, diverting us toward the private worlds of hunches and gut reactions. This paper explores the nature of kisceral arguments, comparing them to the way intuition operates in William James’ examination of mystical experience. Having provided an account of kisceral arguments (...)
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  34.  12
    On the Kisceral Mode of Argumentation.Christopher Tindale - 2022 - Informal Logic 43 (4):603-621.
    Of the different modes that characterize Michael Gilbert’s multi-modal theory of argumentation, the kisceral is in many ways the most challenging to understand and employ. It appears to bypass the processes of reason that have dominated accounts in the Western tradition, diverting us toward the private worlds of hunches and gut reactions. This paper explores the nature of kisceral arguments, comparing them to the way intuition operates in William James’ examination of mystical experience. Having provided an account of kisceral arguments (...)
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  35.  60
    In memoriam: Jonathan Adler 1949 – 2012.J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson, Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (2):160.
  36.  30
    Rigour and Reason : Essays in Honour of Hans Vilhelm Hansen.John Anthony Blair & Christopher Tindale (eds.) - 2020 - Windsor: Windsor Studies in Argumentation.
    Built in the centre of Copenhagen, and noted for its equestrian stairway, the Rundetaarn (Round Tower), was intended as an astronomical observatory. Part of a complex of buildings that once included a university library, it affords expansive views of the city in every direction, towering above what surrounds it. The metaphor of the towering figure, who sees what others might not, whose vantage point allows him to visualize how things fit together, and who has an earned-stature of respect and authority, (...)
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  37.  8
    Stephen P. Norris.James Freeman, Anthony J. Blair, Ralph H. Johnson, Hans V. Hansen & Christopher Tindale Tindale - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (1).
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  38. Argumentation and its Applications, CD-ROM.Hans V. Hansen, Christopher W. Tindale, J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson & Robert C. Pinto (eds.) - 2002 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
     
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  39. Argumentation and Rhetoric.H. V. Hansen, C. W. Tindale & A. V. Colman (eds.) - 1998 - Vale.
     
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  40.  8
    Introduction.Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
  41.  22
    Rationality, reasonableness and informal logic: A case study of Chaim Perelman.Rongdong Jin & Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
    Perelman’s discussion about the distinction and relation between the rational and the reason-able could be seen as an attempt to bring forward a new understanding of rationality. In light of the concep-tion of situated reason, this paper argues that Perelman’s explication of the dialectic of the rational and the reasonable highlights the balance of universality and contexuality, and could contribute a fuller conception of rationality to establishing a solid philosophical foundation for Johnson’s informal logic.
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  42.  35
    Introduction.Ralph H. Johnson & Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):379-391.
    When considering the interactions between rhetoric and argumentation, readers of this journal will no doubt be reminded of the seminal work of Henry W. Johnstone Jr. (1959; 1978) who gathered both concerns together in ways that were designed to engage philosophers and persuade them of the intellectual seriousness of both enterprises. He was, of course, a principal force among those who brought Chaïm Perelman’s work to the attention of audiences in North America, and he himself entered into deep and fruitful (...)
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  43.  21
    Commentary on Andone.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  44.  19
    Commentary on Crosswhite.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  45.  20
    Commentary on Goodwin.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  46.  20
    Commentary on: Henrique Jales Ribeiro's "What argumentation can do for philosophy in the 21st century".Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  47.  16
    Commentary on Jacquette.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
  48.  16
    Commentary on: Paula Olmos' "Narrative as argument".Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  49.  16
    Commentary on Van Belle.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  50.  25
    Critical Thinking.Christopher Tindale - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (4):301-318.
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