71 found
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  1.  2
    The Philosophy of Argument and Audience Reception.Christopher W. Tindale - 2015 - Cambridge University Press.
    Recent work in argumentation theory has emphasized the nature of arguers and arguments along with various theoretical perspectives. Less attention has been given to the third feature of any argumentative situation - the audience. This book fills that gap by studying audience reception to argumentation and the problems that come to light as a result of this shift in focus. Christopher W. Tindale advances the tacit theories of several earlier thinkers by addressing the central problems connected with audience considerations in (...)
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  2. Fallacies and Argument Appraisal.Christopher W. Tindale - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Fallacies and Argument Appraisal presents an introduction to the nature, identification, and causes of fallacious reasoning, along with key questions for evaluation. Drawing from the latest work on fallacies as well as some of the standard ideas that have remained relevant since Aristotle, Christopher Tindale investigates central cases of major fallacies in order to understand what has gone wrong and how this has occurred. Dispensing with the approach that simply assigns labels and brief descriptions of fallacies, Tindale provides fuller treatments (...)
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  3. Acts of Arguing, A Rhetorical Model of Argument (ARNO R. LODDER).C. W. Tindale - 1999 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 9 (1):73-78.
  4. Analogical Arguments: Inferential Structures and Defeasibility Conditions.Fabrizio Macagno, Douglas Walton & Christopher Tindale - 2017 - Argumentation 31 (2):221-243.
    The purpose of this paper is to analyze the structure and the defeasibility conditions of argument from analogy, addressing the issues of determining the nature of the comparison underlying the analogy and the types of inferences justifying the conclusion. In the dialectical tradition, different forms of similarity were distinguished and related to the possible inferences that can be drawn from them. The kinds of similarity can be divided into four categories, depending on whether they represent fundamental semantic features of the (...)
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  5.  2
    Rigour and Reason: Essays in Honour of Hans Vilhelm Hansen.J. Anthony Blair & Christopher W. Tindale (eds.) - 2020 - University of Windsor.
    Built in the centre of Copenhagen, and noted for its equestrian stairway, the Rundetaarn, was intended as an astronomical observatory. Part of a complex of buildings that once included a university library, it affords expansive views of the city in every direction, towering above what surrounds it. The metaphor of the towering figure, who sees what others might not, whose vantage point allows him to visualize how things fit together, and who has an earned-stature of respect and authority, fits another (...)
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  6.  3
    The Anthropology of Argument: Cultural Foundations of Rhetoric and Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Routledge.
    This innovative text reinvigorates argumentation studies by exploring the experience of argument across cultures, introducing an anthropological perspective into the domains of rhetoric, communication, and philosophy. The Anthropology of Argument fills an important gap in contemporary argumentation theory by shifting the focus away from the purely propositional element of arguments and onto how they emerge from the experiences of peoples with diverse backgrounds, demonstrating how argumentation can be understood as a means of expression and a gathering place of ideas and (...)
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  7.  55
    Constrained Maneuvering: Rhetoric as a Rational Enterprise. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Argumentation 20 (4):447-466.
    This paper discusses some of the ways recent models have brought rhetoric into argumentation theory. In particular, it explores the rationale for and role of rhetoric in the strategic maneuvering project of pragma-dialectics and compares it with the author’s own implementation of rhetorical features. A case is made for considering the active ways audiences influence the strategies of arguers and for seeing the role of rhetoric in argumentation as both fundamental and reasonable on its own terms.
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  8. Rhetorical Argumentation and the Nature of Audience: Toward an Understanding of Audience—Issues in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):508-532.
    In any field, we might expect different features relevant to its understanding and development to receive attention at different times, depending on the stage of that field’s growth and the interests that occupy theorists and even the history of the theorists themselves. In the relatively young life of argumentation theory, at least as it has formed a body of issues with identified research questions, attention has almost naturally been focused on the central concern of the field—arguments. Focus is also given (...)
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  9.  22
    `Hidden' Or `Missing' Premises.James Gough & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (2).
  10.  9
    Mind the Gap: Kairos in the Spaces of Silence.Christopher W. Tindale - 2022 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 55 (1):66-70.
    ABSTRACT Discourses conceal as much as they reveal, but in their concealment they may invite an audience into the silences of the gaps and pauses they contain in order to reflect and find insight. The moments of opportunity provided by these gaps suggest two sides to the concept of kairos, capturing both the ability of the author/speaker to create the opportune moment in the discourse, and the ability of the reader/listener to see that moment and the experience it invites.
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  11.  60
    Ways of Being Reasonable: Perelman and the Philosophers.Christopher W. Tindale - 2010 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 43 (4):337-361.
    In 1958, Chaïm Perelman and Lucie Olbrechts-Tyteca published Traité de l'argumentation: La nouvelle rhétorique, the culmination of many years study. A seminal work in philosophy and rhetoric, it aimed to bring classical Aristotelian rhetoric into the modern era and present a model of argumentation that promoted action and reasonableness. One distinctive feature of the dense account found in this work is the claim that the success of argumentation can in part be measured by the responses of the audience for which (...)
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  12.  27
    Logical Fallacies and Invasion Biology.Radu Cornel Guiaşu & Christopher W. Tindale - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (5-6):34.
    Leading invasion biologists sometimes dismiss critics and criticisms of their field by invoking “the straw man” fallacy. Critics of invasion biology are also labelled as a small group of “naysayers” or “contrarians”, who are sometimes engaging in “science denialism”. Such unfortunate labels can be seen as a way to possibly suppress legitimate debates and dismiss or minimize reasonable concerns about some aspects of invasion biology, including the uncertainties about the geographic origins and complex environmental impacts of species, and the control (...)
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  13.  41
    Applying Recent Argumentation Methods to Some Ancient Examples of Plausible Reasoning.Douglas Walton, Christopher W. Tindale & Thomas F. Gordon - 2014 - Argumentation 28 (1):85-119.
    Plausible (eikotic) reasoning known from ancient Greek (late Academic) skeptical philosophy is shown to be a clear notion that can be analyzed by argumentation methods, and that is important for argumentation studies. It is shown how there is a continuous thread running from the Sophists to the skeptical philosopher Carneades, through remarks of Locke and Bentham on the subject, to recent research in artificial intelligence. Eleven characteristics of plausible reasoning are specified by analyzing key examples of it recognized as important (...)
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  14.  24
    Audiences, Relevance, and Cognitive Environments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1992 - Argumentation 6 (2):177-188.
    This paper discusses the fundamental sense in which the components of an argument should be relevant to the intended audience. In particular, the evidence advanced should be relevant to the facts and assumptions that are manifest in the cognitive environment of the audience. A version of Sperber and Wilson's concept of the cognitive environment is applied to argumentative concerns, and from this certain features of audience-relevance are explored: that the relevance of a premise can vary with the audience; that irrelevant (...)
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  15.  58
    Character and Knowledge: Learning From the Speech of Experts. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Argumentation 25 (3):341-353.
    This paper discusses the ways in which a person’s character ( ethos ) and a hearer’s emotional response ( pathos ) are part of the complex judgments made about experts’ claims, along with an actual assessment of those claims ( logos ). The analysis is rooted in the work of Aristotle, but expands to consider work on emotion and cognition conducted by Thagard and Gigerenzer. It also draws on some conclusions of the general epistemology of testimony (of which expert testimony (...)
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  16.  33
    A Concept Divided: Ralph Johnson's Definition of Argument. [REVIEW]Christopher W. Tindale - 2002 - Argumentation 16 (3):299-309.
    Ralph Johnson's Manifest Rationality (2000) is a major contribution to the field of informal logic, but the concept of argument that is central to its project suffers from a tension between the components that comprise it. This paper explores and addresses that tension by examining the implications of each of five aspects of the definition of ‘argument’.
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  17.  9
    Replicating Reasons: Arguments, Memes, and the Cognitive Environment.Christopher W. Tindale - 2017 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 50 (4):566-588.
    The human being is an imitative animal. This statement, or description, resonates across time and cultures. Its familiarity derives from its repetition. It has, in terms appropriate to this discussion, a memetic quality. What Aristotle says is that "imitation is natural to man from childhood, one of his advantages over the lower animals being this, that he is the most imitative creature in the world, and learns first by imitation". The proof for this, Aristotle goes on to explain, lies in (...)
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  18.  44
    Out of the Space of Reasons: Argumentation, Agents, and Persons.Christopher W. Tindale - 2011 - Pragmatics and Cognition 19 (3):383-398.
    The paper investigates the `logical space of reasons' as a social space in which rational agents operate and persons in an important sense come to be. Building from an investigation of argumentative agents in Aristotle's Rhetoric, I discuss both interior and exterior criteria for personhood and propose that the latter shows how argumentation, as a principal activity of the space of reasons, results in the particular kinds of persons we recognize there as rational agents. The overall analysis is indebted to (...)
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  19.  76
    Fallacies in Transition: An Assessment of the Pragma-Dialectical Perspective.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Informal Logic 18 (1).
    The paper critically investigates the pragma-dialectics of van Eemeren and Grootendorst, particularly the treatment of fallacies. While the pragma-dialectieians claim that dialectics combines the logical and rhetorical approaches to argumentation, it is argued here that the perspective relies heavily on rhetorical features that have been suppressed in the account and that overlooking these features leads to significant problems in the pragma-dialectical perspective. In light of these problems, the author advocates turning attention to a rhetorical account which subsumes the logical and (...)
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  20.  19
    Fallacies, Blunders, and Dialogue Shifts: Walton‘s Contributions to the Fallacy Debate.Christopher W. Tindale - 1997 - Argumentation 11 (3):341-354.
    The paper examines Walton‘s concept of fallacy as it develops throughthree stages of his work: from the early series of papers co-authored withJohn Woods; through a second phase of involvement with thepragma-dialectical perspective; and on to the final phase in which heoffers a distinct pragmatic theory that reaches beyond the perceived limitsof the pragma-dialectical account while still exhibiting a debt to thatperspective and the early investigations with Woods. It is observed how Walton‘s model of fallacy is established in distinction to (...)
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  21.  33
    The Use of Irony in Argumentation.Christopher W. Tindale & James Gough - 1987 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 20 (1):1 - 17.
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  22. Fact From Opinion.Perry Weddle & Christopher W. Tindale - 1985 - Informal Logic 7 (1).
  23. Dialectics, Dialogue and Argumentation: An Examination of Douglas Walton's Theories of Reasoning and Argument.C. Tindale & C. Reed (eds.) - 2010 - College Publications.
  24.  17
    Critical Thinking: How To Teach Good Reasoning.Leo Groarke & Christopher Tindale - 1986 - Teaching Philosophy 9 (4):301-318.
  25.  31
    Perelman, Informal Logic and the Historicity of Reason.Christopher W. Tindale - 2006 - Informal Logic 26 (3):341-357.
    In a posthumous paper, Perelman discusses his decision to bring his theory of argumentation together with rhetoric rather than calling it an informal logic. This is due in part because of the centrality he gives to audience, and in part because of the negative attitude that informal logicians have to rhetoric. In this paper, I explore both of these concerns by way of considering what benefits Perelman’s work can have for informal logic, and what insights the work of informal logicians (...)
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  26. Argumentation at the Century's Turn [CD-ROM].Christopher W. Tindale, Hans V. Hansen & Elmar Sveda (eds.) - 2000 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
     
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  27.  61
    The Logic of Torture: A Critical Examination.Christopher W. Tindale - 1996 - Social Theory and Practice 22 (3):349-374.
  28.  2
    On the Kisceral Mode of Argumentation.Christopher Tindale - 2022 - Informal Logic 42 (3):603-621.
    Of the different modes that characterize Michael Gilbert’s multi-modal theory of argumentation, the kisceral is in many ways the most challenging to understand and employ. It appears to bypass the processes of reason that have dominated accounts in the Western tradition, diverting us toward the private worlds of hunches and gut reactions. This paper explores the nature of kisceral arguments, comparing them to the way intuition operates in William James’ examination of mystical experience. Having provided an account of kisceral arguments (...)
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  29.  5
    The Truth About Orangutans: Defending Acceptability.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  30.  19
    Introduction.Christopher W. Tindale - 1995 - Informal Logic 17 (2).
  31.  27
    Rethinking Rhetorical Theory, Criticism, and Pedagogy: The Living Art of Michael C. Leff. [REVIEW]Curtis Hyra, Blake Scott & Christopher W. Tindale - 2017 - Informal Logic 37 (2):152-160.
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  32.  18
    Rigour and Reason : Essays in Honour of Hans Vilhelm Hansen.John Anthony Blair & Christopher Tindale (eds.) - 2020 - Windsor: Windsor Studies in Argumentation.
    Built in the centre of Copenhagen, and noted for its equestrian stairway, the Rundetaarn (Round Tower), was intended as an astronomical observatory. Part of a complex of buildings that once included a university library, it affords expansive views of the city in every direction, towering above what surrounds it. The metaphor of the towering figure, who sees what others might not, whose vantage point allows him to visualize how things fit together, and who has an earned-stature of respect and authority, (...)
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  33. Stephen P. Norris.James Freeman, Anthony J. Blair, Ralph H. Johnson, Hans V. Hansen & Christopher Tindale Tindale - 2015 - Informal Logic 35 (1).
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  34. Argumentation and its Applications, CD-ROM.Hans V. Hansen, Christopher W. Tindale, J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson & Robert C. Pinto (eds.) - 2002 - Ontario Society for the Study of Argumentation.
     
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  35. Douglas N. Walton. Arguments From Ignorance.C. W. Tindale - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30:97-100.
     
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  36. Luc Brisson, Plato the Myth Maker Reviewed By.Christopher W. Tindale - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (3):164-165.
  37. Luc Brisson, Plato the Myth Maker. [REVIEW]Christopher Tindale - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22:164-165.
  38.  33
    Hinderer`s Building Arguments.Christopher W. Tindale - 1993 - Informal Logic 15 (1).
  39.  21
    David Hitchcock : On Reasoning and Argument: Essays in Informal Logic and Critical Thinking: Cham , Springer, Pp, Xxvi, 1–553. Foreword by J. Anthony Blair.Christopher Tindale - 2018 - Argumentation 32 (4):615-620.
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  40.  12
    In Memoriam.Christopher Tindale - 2020 - Informal Logic 40 (1):1-2.
    We deeply mourn the sudden and completely unexpected death of our friend and colleague on 3 January 2020, a gentle and unassuming giant in the fields of informal logic and argument theory.
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  41.  34
    In Memoriam: Jonathan Adler 1949 – 2012.J. Anthony Blair, Ralph H. Johnson, Hans V. Hansen & Christopher W. Tindale - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (2):160.
  42.  13
    Introduction: Of Place and Time.Christopher W. Tindale - 2020 - Argumentation 34 (1):1-11.
    I introduce the two principal concepts of this special issue through a discussion of some of the main roles place and time play in argumentation and some of the meanings involved in those roles. Some of the definitions of kairos are explored leading to suggestions for how this concept and that of ‘place’ can operate in argumentation.
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  43.  2
    Commentary on Jorgensen.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  44.  32
    Strategic Maneuvering in Argumentative Discourse: Extending the Pragma-Dialectical Theory of Argumentation by Frans H. Van Eemeren.Christopher Tindale - 2012 - Informal Logic 32 (3):364-372.
  45.  29
    Levi's In Defense of Informal Logic.Christopher W. Tindale - 2001 - Informal Logic 21 (2).
  46.  24
    Mendelson's Many Sides: A Protagorean Approach to the Theory, Practice, and Pedagogy of Argument.Christopher W. Tindale - 2003 - Informal Logic 23 (2):201-205.
  47.  28
    Introduction.Ralph H. Johnson & Christopher W. Tindale - 2013 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 46 (4):379-391.
    When considering the interactions between rhetoric and argumentation, readers of this journal will no doubt be reminded of the seminal work of Henry W. Johnstone Jr. (1959; 1978) who gathered both concerns together in ways that were designed to engage philosophers and persuade them of the intellectual seriousness of both enterprises. He was, of course, a principal force among those who brought Chaïm Perelman’s work to the attention of audiences in North America, and he himself entered into deep and fruitful (...)
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  48.  69
    Tragic Choices: Reaffirming Absolutes in the Torture Debate.Christopher W. Tindale - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):209-222.
    Events over the last decade have returned the issue of interrogational torture to one of immediate and urgent concern, as governments attempt to circumvent the constraints of the UN Convention against Torture. Philosophers still favor variants of the ‘ticking bomb’ scenario and view with suspicion, if not incomprehension, any absolutist prohibition of torture. In this paper, I reiterate and develop an absolutist position against interrogational torture, arguing that ‘ticking bomb’ scenarios are ill-considered and offer not what they purport to offer. (...)
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  49.  15
    Commentary on Andone.Christopher W. Tindale - unknown
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  50.  7
    Self-deliberation and the Strategy of the Pseudo-dialogue.Christopher Tindale - 2020 - Co-herencia 17 (32):159-178.
    The New Rhetoric identifies the self-deliberator as one of three main types of audience. But such a turn toward the self is at odds with studies of contemporary argumentation, particularly social argumentation. Argumentation takes place “out there”, modifying the environments in which audiences operate. Equally interesting is the use of self-deliberation as a rhetorical strategy. Arguing with oneself, especially when that self is distanced in some way from the individual involved, employs self-deliberation beyond the ends that Perelman assigned to it. (...)
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