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C. J. F. Williams [117]C. Williams [48]Christopher Williams [39]Clifford Williams [33]
Cyril G. Williams [18]Christine L. Williams [17]Clare Williams [12]C. M. Williams [9]

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Clifford Williams
Wheaton College, Illinois
Clifford Williams
Trinity International University
3 more
  1.  69
    The Constitution of Selves.Christopher Williams & Marya Schechtman - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (4):641.
    Can we understand what makes someone the same person without understanding what it is to be a person? Prereflectively we might not think so, but philosophers often accord these questions separate treatments, with personal-identity theorists claiming the first question and free-will theorists the second. Yet much of what is of interest to a person—the possibility of survival over time, compensation for past hardships, concern for future projects, or moral responsibility—is not obviously intelligible from the perspective of either question alone. Marya (...)
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  2. What is Existence?C. J. F. Williams - 1981 - Clarendon Press.
    A thorough and closely argued examination of a central issue in philosophical logic, an issue which is shown to have profound implications for the philosophy of language and much of metaphysics.
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  3.  16
    Truth and Conformity on Networks.Aydin Mohseni & Cole Randall Williams - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-22.
    Typically, public discussions of questions of social import exhibit two im- portant properties: they are influenced by conformity bias, and the influence of conformity is expressed via social networks. We examine how social learning on net- works proceeds under the influence of conformity bias. In our model, heterogeneous agents express public opinions where those expressions are driven by the competing priorities of accuracy and of conformity to one’s peers. Agents learn, by Bayesian con- ditionalization, from private evidence from nature, and (...)
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  4.  4
    Philosophy of Logics.C. J. F. Williams - 1979 - Philosophical Quarterly 29 (116):277-278.
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  5.  8
    Emphasizing the History of Genetics in an Explicit and Reflective Approach to Teaching the Nature of Science.Cody Tyler Williams & David Wÿss Rudge - 2016 - Science & Education 25 (3-4):407-427.
    Science education researchers have long advocated the central role of the nature of science for our understanding of scientific literacy. NOS is often interpreted narrowly to refer to a host of epistemological issues associated with the process of science and the limitations of scientific knowledge. Despite its importance, practitioners and researchers alike acknowledge that students have difficulty learning NOS and that this in part reflects how difficult it is to teach. One particularly promising method for teaching NOS involves an explicit (...)
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  6.  5
    Effects of Historical Story Telling on Student Understanding of Nature of Science.Cody Tyler Williams & David Wÿss Rudge - 2019 - Science & Education 28 (9-10):1105-1133.
    Concepts related to the nature of science have been considered an important part of scientific literacy as reflected in its inclusion in curriculum documents. A significant amount of science education research has focused on improving learners’ understanding of NOS. One approach that has often been advocated is an explicit and reflective approach. Some researchers have used the history of science to provide learners with explicit and reflective experiences with NOS concepts. Previous research on using the history of science in science (...)
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  7. What Is Truth?C. J. F. Williams - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (198):482-483.
    A study in philosophical logic of the meaning of 'true'. Dr Williams demonstrates the shortcomings of various analyses which interpret 'true' as a predicate or truth as a relational property, and clears up a number of important points about propositions, quantification, definite descriptions and correspondence. This 'deflationary metaphysics' is interwoven with a positive theory of his own, which seeks to develop ideas about the late Arthur Prior. The work is marked throughout by great clarity, precision and thoroughness.
     
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  8.  47
    Thinking the Political in the Wake of Spinoza: Power, Affect and Imagination in the Ethics.Caroline Williams - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (3):349-369.
    There is currently a growing interest in the philosophy and political thought of Baruch de Spinoza following many years of comparative neglect, particularly within political philosophy. The focus of this paper is Spinoza's major work, the Ethics, and its relation to his political writings. It explores Spinoza's distinctive formulations of imagination and affect and considers some of the ways in which these impact upon his political thought, specifically via his reflections upon democracy and knowledge. The discussion draws particular attention to (...)
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  9.  5
    MAKEUP AT WORK: Negotiating Appearance Rules in the Workplace.Christine L. Williams & Kirsten Dellinger - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (2):151-177.
    This study seeks to understand women's use of makeup in the workplace. The authors analyze 20 in-depth interviews with a diverse group of women who work in a variety of settings to examine the appearance rules that women confront at work and how these rules reproduce assumptions about sexuality and gender. The authors found that appropriate makeup use is strongly associated with assumptions about health, heterosexuality, and credibility in the workplace. They describe how these norms shape women's personal choices to (...)
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  10.  34
    Trust Diffusion: The Effect of Interpersonal Trust on Structure, Function, and Organizational Transparency.Cynthia Clark Williams - 2005 - Business and Society 44 (3):357-368.
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  11.  36
    The Influence of Supervisory Behavioral Integrity on Intent to Comply with Organizational Ethical Standards and Organizational Commitment.Janie Harden Fritz, Naomi Bell O’Neil, Ann Marie Popp, Cory Williams & Ronald C. Arnett - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (2):251-263.
    We examined cynicism as a mediator of the influence of managers’ mission-congruent communication and behavior about ethical standards (a form of supervisory behavioral integrity) on employee attitudes and intended behavior. Results indicated that cynicism partially mediates the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and organizational commitment, but not the relationship between supervisory behavioral integrity and intent to comply with organizational expectations for employee conduct.
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  12.  17
    Get Into Reading as an Intervention for Common Mental Health Problems: Exploring Catalysts for Change: Figure 1.Christopher Dowrick, Josie Billington, Jude Robinson, Andrew Hamer & Clare Williams - 2012 - Medical Humanities 38 (1):15-20.
    There is increasing evidence for the efficacy of non-medical strategies to improve mental health and well-being. Get into Reading is a shared reading intervention which has demonstrable acceptability and feasibility. This paper explores potential catalysts for change resulting from Get into Reading. Two weekly reading groups ran for 12 months, in a GP surgery and a mental health drop-in centre, for people with a GP diagnosis of depression and a validated severity measure. Data collection included quantitative measures at the outset (...)
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  13. Three Philosophers: Aristotle, Aquinas, Frege.C. J. F. Williams, G. E. M. Anscombe & P. T. Geach - 1963 - Philosophical Quarterly 13 (52):270.
  14.  51
    Courting Shareholders: The Ethical Implications of Altering Corporate Ownership Structures.Cynthia Clark Williams & Lori Verstegen Ryan - 2007 - Business Ethics Quarterly 17 (4):669-688.
    The relationship between corporate executives and shareholders has riveted the attention of business ethicists since the inception of the field. Most ethicists agree that corporate executives owe their investors the duties of loyalty, candor, and care. These fiduciary duties undergird the promises made to shareholders at the time of incorporation, placing on executives moral obligations to engage in fair dealing and to avoid conflicts of interest.We concur that executives owe all of their existing shareholders both promise-keeping and fiduciary duties and (...)
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  15.  1
    Gendered Organizations in the New Economy.Kristine Kilanski, Chandra Muller & Christine L. Williams - 2012 - Gender and Society 26 (4):549-573.
    Gender scholars draw on the “theory of gendered organizations” to explain persistent gender inequality in the workplace. This theory argues that gender inequality is built into work organizations in which jobs are characterized by long-term security, standardized career ladders and job descriptions, and management controlled evaluations. Over the past few decades, this basic organizational logic has been transformed. In the so-called new economy, work is increasingly characterized by job insecurity, teamwork, career maps, and networking. Using a case study of geoscientists (...)
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  16.  66
    The Metaphysics of a- and B-Time.Clifford Williams - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184):371-381.
    The traditional description of A- and B-time is that the former consists of a mind-independent past, present, and future, and that the latter consists solely of the time relations--earlier than, simultaneous with, and later than. Although this description makes it look as if there are two clearly contrasting concepts of time, it does not differentiate the passage of A-time from the succession in B-time. Nor does it explain what it means for events in B-time to be equally real and for (...)
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  17.  2
    Boundary Lines: Labeling Sexual Harassment in Restaurants.Christine L. Williams & Patti A. Giuffre - 1994 - Gender and Society 8 (3):378-401.
    Research has shown that a majority of employed women experience sexual harassment and suffer negative repercussions because of it; yet only a minority of these women label their experiences “sexual harassment.” To investigate how people identify sexual harassment, in-depth interviews were conducted with 18 waitpeople in restaurants in Austin, Texas. Most respondents worked in highly sexualized work environments. Respondents labeled sexual advances as sexual harassment only in four specific contexts: when perpetrated by someone who exploited their powerful position for personal (...)
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  18.  19
    What is Existence?Thomas P. Flint & C. J. F. Williams - 1984 - Philosophical Review 93 (1):131.
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  19.  51
    Examining Ethics in Practice: Health Service Professionals' Evaluations of in-Hospital Ethics Seminars.Priscilla Alderson, Bobbie Farsides & Clare Williams - 2002 - Nursing Ethics 9 (5):508-521.
    This article reviews practitioners’ evaluations of in-hospital ethics seminars. A qualitative study included 11 innovative in-hospital ethics seminars, preceded and followed by interviews with most participants. The settings were obstetric, neonatal and haematology units in a teaching hospital and a district general hospital in England. Fifty-six health service staff in obstetric, neonatal, haematology, and related community and management services participated; 12 attended two seminars, giving a total of 68 attendances and 59 follow-up evaluation interviews. The 11 seminars facilitated by an (...)
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  20.  61
    Aristotle's Theory of Descriptions.C. J. F. Williams - 1985 - Philosophical Review 94 (1):63-80.
  21.  40
    Contemporary French Philosophy: Modernity and the Persistence of the Subject.Caroline Williams - 2001 - Continuum.
    "Caroline Williams marks what is distinctive about 20th Century French philosophy's interrogation of the subject and demonstrates its historical continuity in a ...
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  22.  89
    The Phenomenology of B-Time.Clifford Williams - 1992 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 30 (2):123-137.
    I argue that our experience of time supports the B-Theory of time and not the A-Theory of time. We do not experience pastness, presentness, and futurity as mind-independent properties of events. My method in supporting this experiential claim is to show that our experience of presentness is like our experience of hereness--in neither case are we aware of a mind-independent property over and above the events or objects to which we ascribe the presentness or hereness.
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  23. What is Identity?Christopher John Fards Williams - 1989 - Clarendon Press.
    The concept of identity has been seen to lead to paradox: we cannot truly and usefully say that a thing is the same either as itself or as something else. This book is a full examination of this paradox in philosophical logic, and of its implications for the philosophy of mathematics, the philosphy of mind, and relativism about identity. The author's account involves detailed discussion of the views of Wittgenstein, Russell, Frege, and Hintikka.
     
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  24.  36
    Setting Up a Student Clinical Ethics Committee.C. Johnston, C. Williams, C. Dias, A. Lapraik, L. Marvdashti & C. Norcross - 2012 - Clinical Ethics 7 (2):51-53.
  25.  6
    Moral Outrage! Social Work and Social Welfare.Donna McAuliffe, Charlotte Williams & Linda Briskman - 2016 - Ethics and Social Welfare 10 (2):87-93.
  26.  3
    The Glass Escalator, Revisited: Gender Inequality in Neoliberal Times, SWS Feminist Lecturer.Christine L. Williams - 2013 - Gender and Society 27 (5):609-629.
    When women work in male-dominated professions, they encounter a “glass ceiling” that prevents their ascension into the top jobs. Twenty years ago, I introduced the concept of the “glass escalator,” my term for the advantages that men receive in the so-called women’s professions, including the assumption that they are better suited than women for leadership positions. In this article, I revisit my original analysis and identify two major limitations of the concept: it fails to adequately address intersectionality; in particular, it (...)
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  27.  55
    A Programme for Christology: C. J. F. WILLIAMS.C. J. F. Williams - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):513-524.
    Christology seems to fall fairly clearly into two divisions. The first is concerned with the truth of the two propositions: ‘Christ is God’ and ‘Christ is a man’. The second is concerned with the mutual compatibility of these propositions. The first part of Christology tends to confine itself to what is sometimes called ‘positive theology’: that is to say, it is largely given over to examining the Jons revelationis —let us not prejudge currently burning issues by asking what this is—to (...)
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  28.  14
    Towards the Applied: The Construction of Ethical Positions in Stem Cell Translational Research. [REVIEW]Alan Cribb, Steven Wainwright, Clare Williams, Bobbie Farsides & Mike Michael - 2007 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):351-361.
    This paper aims to make an empirically informed analytical contribution to the development of a more socially embedded bioethics. Drawing upon 10 interviews with cutting edge stem cell researchers (5 scientists and 5 clinicians) it explores and illustrates the ways in which the role positions of translational researchers are shaped by the ‘normative structures’ of science and medicine respectively and in combination. The empirical data is used to illuminate three overlapping themes of ethical relevance: what matters in stem cell research, (...)
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  29.  16
    Responsible Research and Innovation: A Manifesto for Empirical Ethics?J. Gardner & C. Williams - 2015 - Clinical Ethics 10 (1-2):5-12.
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  30.  64
    Being, Identity, and Truth.Christopher John Fards Williams - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers have met with many problems in discussing the interconnected concepts being, identity, and truth, and have advanced many theories to deal with them. Williams argues that most of these problems and theories result from an inadequate appreciation of the ways in which the words "be," "same," and "true" work. By means of linguistic analysis he shows that being and truth are not properties, and identity is not a relation. He is thus able to demystify a number of metaphysical issues (...)
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  31.  30
    Unravelling the Subject with Spinoza: Towards a Morphological Analysis of the Scene of Subjectivity.Caroline Williams - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 16 (3):342-362.
    Whilst the concept of the subject has been called into question by many diverse approaches within contemporary political and social theory, there remains a focus upon agency, now attributable to reformulated subjectivities or assemblages. I query the persistence of this grammar of agency and ask whether politics can do without a ‘scene of the subject’. Spinoza’s philosophy, in particular, his conception of conatus, has inspired and offered some basis for rethinking agency. I examine two such prominent positions and argue that (...)
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  32.  62
    Relative Values: Perspectives on a Neuroimaging Technology From Above and Within the Ethical Landscape.Gabrielle Samuel, Alan Cribb, John Owens & Clare Williams - 2016 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 13 (3):407-418.
    In this paper we contribute to “sociology in bioethics” and help clarify the range of ways sociological work can contribute to ethics scholarship. We do this using a case study of an innovative neurotechnology, functional magnetic resonance imaging, and its use to attempt to diagnose and communicate with severely brain-injured patients. We compare empirical data from interviews with relatives of patients who have a severe brain injury with perspectives from mainstream bioethics scholars. We use the notion of an “ethical landscape” (...)
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  33. Persons and Passions: Essays in Honor of Annette Baier.Joyce Jenkins, Jennifer Whiting & Christopher Williams (eds.) - 2005 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    Persons and passions : an introduction / Christopher Williams What are the passions doing in the Meditations? / Lisa Shapiro Love in the ruins : passion in Descartes’ Meditations / William Beardsley The passionate intellect : reading the opposition of reason and emotions in Descartes / Amy Schmitter Material falsity and the arguments for God’s existence in Descartes’ Meditations / Cecilia Wee Reason unhinged : passion and precipice from Montaigne to Hume / Saul Traiger Reflection and ideas in Hume’s account (...)
     
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  34. Neither Confounding the Persons nor Dividing the Substance.C. J. F. Williams - 1994 - In Alan G. Padgett (ed.), Reason and the Christian Religion. Clarendon Press. pp. 227--243.
     
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  35.  25
    A Programme for Christology.C. J. F. Williams - 1968 - Religious Studies 3 (2):513 - 524.
  36.  55
    Consenting Futures: Professional Views on Social, Clinical and Ethical Aspects of Information Feedback to Embryo Donors in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research.Kathryn Ehrich, Clare Williams & Bobbie Farsides - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (2):77-85.
    This paper reports from an ongoing multidisciplinary, ethnographic study that is exploring the views, values and practices (the ethical frameworks) drawn on by professional staff in assisted conception units and stem cell laboratories in relation to embryo donation for research purposes, particularly human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, in the UK. We focus here on the connection between possible incidental findings and the circumstances in which embryos are donated for hESC research, and report some of the uncertainties and dilemmas of (...)
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  37.  53
    Referential Opacity and False Belief in the Theaetetus.C. J. F. Williams - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):289-302.
  38. The Guodian Laozi: Proceedings of the International Conference, Dartmouth College, May 1998.Sarah Allan, Crispin Williams & Laozi (eds.) - 2000 - Society for the Study of Early China and Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California.
     
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  39.  58
    Perverted Attractions.Christopher Williams - 2003 - The Monist 86 (1):115-140.
    When people think about perversion, sexual examples come readily to mind, and this is probably as it should be. Sexual attraction centrally involves a range of desires, some of them typically intense, for the object of the attraction; and such desires are, if anything can be, candidates for being perverted. Philosophers who investigate perversion, too, are drawn to sexual instances of perversion, doubtless for similar reasons. Up to a point, I shall conform to this tendency myself, but my chief interest (...)
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  40.  6
    Helical Disclination Lines in Smectics A.C. E. Williams - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 32 (2):313-321.
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  41.  10
    The Power of the Monstrous.Filippo De Lucchese & Caroline A. Williams - 2016 - Philosophy Today 60 (1):1-6.
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  42.  1
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Patricia Kenig Curd, Jyl Gentzler, Christopher J. Martin, C. J. F. Williams, Nicholas Denyer & Christopher Kirwan - 1991 - Phronesis 36 (3):319-327.
  43. Towards a Unified Theory of Higher-Level Predication.C. J. F. Williams - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (169):449-464.
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  44.  40
    Knowledge, Perception and Memory: Theaetetus 166 B.C. J. Rowe, M. Welbourne & C. J. F. Williams - 1982 - Classical Quarterly 32 (02):304-.
    At Theaetetus 163d-164b Socrates objects to the thesis that knowledge is perception by pointing out that a man who has seen something can still remember it, and so has knowledge of it; but this is impossible, if knowledge is perception, since he is no longer perceiving it.To this Protagoras is made to reply with two sentences at 166b 1–4: .Cornford translates ‘ For instance, do you think you will find anyone to admit that one's present memory of a past impression (...)
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  45.  29
    On Gilligan's "In a Different Voice".Judy Auerbach, Linda Blum, Vicki Smith & Christine Williams - 1985 - Feminist Studies 11 (1):149.
  46.  34
    A Bergsonian Approach to a- and B-Time.Clifford Williams - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (3):379-393.
    Debate between the A- and B-theories has rested on the supposition that there is a clear difference between A- and B-time. I argue that this supposition is mistaken for two reasons. We cannot distinguish the two conceptions of time by means of Bergsonian intuition. Unless we can do so, we cannot distinguish them at all. I defend by imagining various ways to intuit the two kinds of time, and maintaining that none of them works. I defend by showing that the (...)
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  47.  96
    Beyond a-and B-Time.Clifford Williams - 2003 - Philosophia 31 (1-2):75-91.
    The common assumption in the debate between the A- and B-theories is that there is a difference between A- and B-time. A-time has been said to be characterized by a flow, whereas B-time has been said not to consist of a flow. This way of construing the debate, however, is mistaken. Both A- and B-time possess "flow" or transition. But if this is so, we need to ask how B-time flow differs from A-time flow. I argue that none of the (...)
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  48.  17
    The Seas of Language.C. J. F. Williams - 1995 - International Philosophical Quarterly 35 (2):230-231.
  49.  57
    B-Time Transition.Clifford Williams - 1998 - Philosophical Inquiry 20 (3-4):59-63.
    I argue that the proper way to think of the difference between A- and B-time is not as the difference between transition and the lack of transition, as is common, but as A-transition and B-transition. However, it is not evident what the difference is between these two kinds of transition. Thus, it is not evident what the difference is between A- and B-time.
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  50.  75
    What Is, Necessarily Is, When It Is.C. J. F. Williams - 1980 - Analysis 40 (3):127 - 131.
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