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Caesar A. Atuire [13]Caesar Atuire [6]Caesar Alimsinya Atuire [4]
  1.  36
    Proposed Principles for International Bioethics Conferencing: Anti-Discriminatory, Global, and Inclusive.Nancy S. Jecker, Vardit Ravitsky, Mohammad Ghaly, Jean-Christophe Bélisle-Pipon & Caesar Atuire - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (4):13-28.
    This paper opens a critical conversation about the ethics of international bioethics conferencing and proposes principles that commit to being anti-discriminatory, global, and inclusive. We launch this conversation in the Section, Case Study, with a case example involving the International Association of Bioethics’ (IAB’s) selection of Qatar to host the 2024 World Congress of Bioethics. IAB’s choice of Qatar sparked controversy. We believe it also may reveal deeper issues of Islamophobia in bioethics. The Section, Principles for International Bioethics Conferencing, sets (...)
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  2. The importance of getting the ethics right in a pandemic treaty.G. Owen Schaefer, Caesar A. Atuire, Sharon Kaur, Michael Parker, Govind Persad, Maxwell J. Smith, Ross Upshur & Ezekiel Emanuel - 2023 - The Lancet Infectious Diseases 23 (11):e489 - e496.
    The COVID-19 pandemic revealed numerous weaknesses in pandemic preparedness and response, including underfunding, inadequate surveillance, and inequitable distribution of countermeasures. To overcome these weaknesses for future pandemics, WHO released a zero draft of a pandemic treaty in February, 2023, and subsequently a revised bureau's text in May, 2023. COVID-19 made clear that pandemic prevention, preparedness, and response reflect choices and value judgements. These decisions are therefore not a purely scientific or technical exercise, but are fundamentally grounded in ethics. The latest (...)
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  3. Two Steps Forward: An African Relational Account of Moral Standing.Nancy S. Jecker, Caesar A. Atuire & Martin Ajei - 2022 - Philosophy and Technology 35 (2):38.
    This paper replies to a commentary by John-Stewart Gordon on our paper, “The Moral Standing of Social Robots: Untapped Insights from Africa.” In the original paper, we set forth an African relational view of personhood and show its implica- tions for the moral standing of social robots. This reply clarifies our position and answers three objections. The objections concern (1) the ethical significance of intelligence, (2) the meaning of ‘pro-social,’ and (3) the justification for prioritizing humans over pro-social robots.
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  4.  18
    Out of Africa: A Solidarity‐Based Approach to Vaccine Allocation.Nancy Jecker & Caesar Atuire - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 51 (3):27-36.
    This article sets forth a solidaristic approach to global distribution of vaccines against the SARS‐CoV‐2 virus. Our approach draws inspiration from African ethics and from the characterization of the Covid‐19 crisis as a syndemic, a convergence of biosocial forces that interact with one another to produce and exacerbate clinical disease and prognosis. The first section elaborates the twin ideas of syndemic and solidarity. The second section argues that these ideas lend support to global health alliances to distribute vaccines beyond national (...)
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  5.  25
    What’s yours is ours: waiving intellectual property protections for COVID-19 vaccines.Nancy S. Jecker & Caesar A. Atuire - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (9):595-598.
    This paper gives an ethical argument for temporarily waiving intellectual property protections for COVID-19 vaccines. It examines two proposals under discussion at the World Trade Organization : the India/South Africa proposal and the WTO Director General proposal. Section I explains the background leading up to the WTO debate. Section II rebuts ethical arguments for retaining current IP protections, which appeal to benefiting society by spurring innovation and protecting rightful ownership. It sets forth positive ethical arguments for a temporary waiver that (...)
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  6.  23
    Preparing ethical review systems for emergencies: next steps.Katharine Wright, Nic Aagaard, Amr Yusuf Ali, Caesar Atuire, Michael Campbell, Katherine Littler, Ahmed Mandil, Roli Mathur, Joseph Okeibunor, Andreas Reis, Maria Alexandra Ribeiro, Carla Saenz, Mamello Sekhoacha, Ehsan Shamsi Gooshki, Jerome Amir Singh & Ross Upshur - 2023 - BMC Medical Ethics 24 (1):1-6.
    Ethical review systems need to build on their experiences of COVID-19 research to enhance their preparedness for future pandemics. Recommendations from representatives from over twenty countries include: improving relationships across the research ecosystem; demonstrating willingness to reform and adapt systems and processes; and making the case robustly for better resourcing.
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  7.  43
    Towards a new model of global health justice: the case of COVID-19 vaccines.Nancy S. Jecker, Caesar A. Atuire & Susan J. Bull - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (5):367-374.
    This paper questions an exclusively state-centred framing of global health justice and proposes a multilateral alternative. Using the distribution of COVID-19 vaccines to illustrate, we bring to light a broad range of global actors up and down the chain of vaccine development who contribute to global vaccine inequities. Section 1 (Background) presents an overview of moments in which diverse global actors, each with their own priorities and aims, shaped subsequent vaccine distribution. Section 2 (Collective action failures) characterises collective action failures (...)
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  8.  21
    Articulating the sources for an African normative framework of healthcare: Ghana as a case study.Caesar A. Atuire, Camillia Kong & Michael Dunn - 2020 - Developing World Bioethics 20 (4):216-227.
    Bioethics is gradually becoming an important part of the drive to increase quality healthcare delivery in sub‐Saharan African countries. Yet many healthcare service‐users in Africa are familiar with incidences of questionable health policies and poor healthcare delivery, leading to severe consequences for patients. We argue that the overarching rights‐based ethical administrative framework recently employed by healthcare authorities contributes to the poor uptake and enforcement of current normative tools. Taking Ghana as a case study, we focus on the cultural ethical context (...)
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  9.  25
    COVID-19 Heightens the Imperative to Decolonize Global Health Research.Caesar Alimsinya Atuire & Susan Bull - 2022 - Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric 13 (2):60-77.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has both highlighted and exacerbated global health inequities, leading for calls for responses to COVID to promote social justice and ensure that no one is left behind. One key lesson to be learnt from the pandemic is the critical importance of decolonizing global health and global health research so that African countries are better placed to address pandemic challenges in contextually relevant ways. This paper argues that to be successful, programmes of decolonization in complex global health landscapes (...)
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  10.  10
    Some barriers to knowledge from the global south: commentary to Pratt and de Vries.Caesar Alimsinya Atuire - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (5):335-336.
    Pratt and de Vries1 pose an important and uncomfortable question to all stakeholders in the global bioethics space. If global bioethics as they define it is ‘the ethics of public health and healthcare problems that are characterised by a global level effect or that require action beyond individual countries, and the ethics of research related to such problems’, one would expect justice and inclusivity to be among the ethical priorities. Yet, Pratt and de Vries carefully demonstrate how different forms of (...)
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  11.  23
    Bioethics in Africa: A contextually enlightened analysis of three cases.Nancy S. Jecker & Caesar Atuire - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 22 (2):112-122.
    Developing World Bioethics, Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 112-122, June 2022.
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  12.  21
    Bioethics in Africa: A contextually enlightened analysis of three cases.Nancy S. Jecker & Caesar Atuire - 2021 - Developing World Bioethics 22 (2):112-122.
    Developing World Bioethics, Volume 22, Issue 2, Page 112-122, June 2022.
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  13.  17
    Research ethics and artificial intelligence for global health: perspectives from the global forum on bioethics in research.James Shaw, Joseph Ali, Caesar A. Atuire, Phaik Yeong Cheah, Armando Guio Español, Judy Wawira Gichoya, Adrienne Hunt, Daudi Jjingo, Katherine Littler, Daniela Paolotti & Effy Vayena - 2024 - BMC Medical Ethics 25 (1):1-9.
    Background The ethical governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in health care and public health continues to be an urgent issue for attention in policy, research, and practice. In this paper we report on central themes related to challenges and strategies for promoting ethics in research involving AI in global health, arising from the Global Forum on Bioethics in Research (GFBR), held in Cape Town, South Africa in November 2022. Methods The GFBR is an annual meeting organized by the World Health (...)
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  14.  41
    Black Lives Matter and the Removal of Racist Statues. Perspectives of an African.Caesar Alimsinya Atuire - 2020 - 21: Inquiries Into Art, History and the Visuual 1 (2).
    The killing of George Floyd by Minneapolis police officers and the subsequent Black Lives Matter protests have been accompanied by calls for the removal of statues of racists from public space. This has generated debate about the role of statues in the public sphere. I argue that statues are erected to represent a chosen narrative about history. The debate about the removal of statues is a controversy about history and how we relate to it. From this perspective, the Black Lives (...)
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  15.  16
    Personhood Beyond the West.Caesar A. Atuire & Nancy S. Jecker - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (1):59-62.
    Is it time to ditch the concept of “person” from practical fields, like bioethics? Blumenthal-Barby (2024) answers in the affirmative. They urge leaving personhood out of practical debates at the f...
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  16.  5
    Equitable global allocation of monkeypox vaccines.G. Owen Schaefer, Ezekiel J. Emanuel, Caesar A. Atuire, R. J. Leland, Govind Persad, Henry S. Richardson & Carla Saenz - 2023 - Vaccine 41 (48):7084-7088.
    With the world grappling with continued spread of monkeypox internationally, vaccines play a crucial role in mitigating the harms from infection and preventing spread. However, countries with the greatest need - particularly historically endemic countries with the highest monkeypox case-fatality rates - are not able to acquire scarce vaccines. This is unjust, and requires rectification through equitable allocation of vaccines globally. We propose applying the Fair Priority Model for such allocation, which emphasizes three key principles: 1) preventing harm; 2) prioritizing (...)
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  17.  32
    Realizing Ubuntu in Global Health: An African Approach to Global Health Justice.Nancy S. Jecker, Caesar A. Atuire & Nora Kenworthy - 2022 - Public Health Ethics 15 (3):256-267.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted the question, ‘What do we owe each other as members of a global community during a global health crisis?’ In tandem, it has raised underlying concerns about how we should prepare for the next infectious disease outbreak and what we owe to people in other countries during normal times. While the prevailing bioethics literature addresses these questions drawing on values and concepts prominent in the global north, this paper articulates responses prominent in sub-Saharan Africa. The (...)
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  18. A Prolegomon to bioethics in Africa : issues, challenges and commonsensical recommendations.Caesar A. Atuire - 2019 - In Yaw A. Frimpong-Mansoh & Caesar A. Atuire (eds.), Bioethics in Africa: theories and praxis. Wilmington, Delaware: Vernon Press.
     
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  19. Pursuing nation building within multi-partisan fragmentation: the case of Ghana.Caesar Alimsinya Atuire - 2019 - National Identities 5 (22):533-547.
    Ghana has earned many accolades for multi-partisan democracy in sub Saharan Africa. This political system has also produced many social and economic benefits for the citizenry. However, political parties are also a vehicle for the promotion of ethnic fragmentation that perils nation building. This article explores how partisan politics in Ghana is undermining nation building. I propose a three-pronged approach to working towards nation building amidst the fragmentation of adversarial multi-partysm.
     
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  20.  14
    Bioethics in Africa: theories and praxis.Yaw A. Frimpong-Mansoh & Caesar A. Atuire (eds.) - 2019 - Wilmington, Delaware: Vernon Press.
    Bioethics urges us to question and debate fundamental moral issues that arise in health-related sciences. However, as a result of Western dominance and globalization, bioethical thinking and practice has inevitably been shaped and defined by Western theories. With recent discussions centering on the relationship between culture and bioethics, it is important to consider how and to what extent can bioethics reflect and accommodate non-Western values and beliefs? Debatably, many scholars working in the field of ‘African bioethics’ seek to construct a (...)
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  21. Bioethics in the Context of Traditional African Beliefs and Practices (tentative title).Augustine Frimpong-Mansoh & Caesar Atuire (eds.) - 2018 - Vernon Press.
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  22.  14
    Global sharing of COVID‐19 therapies during a “New Normal”.Nancy S. Jecker & Caesar A. Atuire - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (6):699-707.
    This paper argues for global sharing of COVID‐19 treatments during the COVID‐19 pandemic and beyond based on principles of global solidarity. It starts by distinguishing two types of COVID‐19 treatments and models sharing strategies for each in small‐group scenarios, contrasting groups that are solidaristic with those composed of self‐interest maximizers to show the appeal of solidaristic reasoning. It then extends the analysis, arguing that a similar logic should apply within and between nations. To further elaborate global solidarity, the paper distinguishes (...)
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  23.  10
    Global sharing of COVID‐19 therapies during a “New Normal”.Nancy S. Jecker & Caesar A. Atuire - 2022 - Bioethics 36 (6):699-707.
    This paper argues for global sharing of COVID‐19 treatments during the COVID‐19 pandemic and beyond based on principles of global solidarity. It starts by distinguishing two types of COVID‐19 treatments and models sharing strategies for each in small‐group scenarios, contrasting groups that are solidaristic with those composed of self‐interest maximizers to show the appeal of solidaristic reasoning. It then extends the analysis, arguing that a similar logic should apply within and between nations. To further elaborate global solidarity, the paper distinguishes (...)
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