Results for 'Calvin Dieter Ullrich'

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  1.  26
    Simon Critchley, John D. Caputo and Radical Political Theology?Calvin Dieter Ullrich - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 79 (1-2):122-135.
    In his 2012 work, Faith of the Faithless, the philosopher Simon Critchley presented an ‘atheistic’ formulation of faith as an ‘experiment’ in ‘political theology.’ This work, as part of the so-called ‘turn to religion’ in continental political philosophy, gave an account of what Critchley had formerly articulated as ‘atheistic transcendence.’ Tracing the genesis of the latter and then linking to his notion of the supreme fiction, the paper seeks to account for Critchley’s ‘a/theological’ shift. Through a close reading, the paper (...)
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  2.  31
    Bill Calvin's Brainstorm.William Calvin - manuscript
    That’s Bill Calvin, whose brain is worthy of study in its own right. Technically, he’s a theoretical neurophysiologist and affiliate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Washington. But he’s also known as a scientist with a wide-ranging intellect and a prolific (and accessible) writer who constantly offers remarkable insights about the world around him. As I sat down to interview Calvin in his book-lined Seattle home last Fall, I recalled the comments of someone who (...)
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  3. Luther and Calvin on Secular Authority.Martin Luther, John Calvin, Harro Hopfl, Michael G. Baylor, Francisco de Vitoria & Anthony Pagden - 1993 - Ethics 103 (3):551-569.
  4.  18
    William H. Calvin , "Memory's Future," Psychology Today 34(2):55ff.William Calvin - manuscript
    Psychology's fascination with memory and its imperfections dates back further than we can remember. The first careful experimental studies of memory were published in 1885 by German psychologist Hermann Ebbinghaus, and tens of thousands of memory studies have been conducted since. What has been learned, and what might the future of memory be?
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  5. John Calvin on God and Political Duty.Jean Calvin - 1956 - New York: Liberal Arts Press.
  6.  82
    The Cerebral Symphony: Seashore Reflections on the Structure of Consciousness.William H. Calvin - 1990 - Bantam.
  7.  54
    A Brief History of the Mind: From Apes to Intellect and Beyond.William H. Calvin - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    This book looks back at the simpler versions of mental life in apes, Neanderthals, and our ancestors, back before our burst of creativity started 50,000 years...
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  8.  28
    The Emergence of Intelligence.William Calvin - manuscript
    Yet versatility is not always a virtue, and more of it is not always better. When the chimpanzees of Uganda arrive at a grove of fruit trees, they often discover that the efficient local..
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  9.  52
    Competing for Consciousness: A Darwinian Mechanism at an Appropriate Level of Explanation.William H. Calvin - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (4):389-404.
    Treating consciousness as awareness or attention greatly underestimates it, ignoring the temporary levels of organization associated with higher intellectual function (syntax, planning, logic, music). The tasks that require consciousness tend to be the ones that demand a lot of resources. Routine tasks can be handled on the back burner but dealing with ambiguity, groping around offline, generating creative choices, and performing precision movements may temporarily require substantial allocations of neocortex. Here I will attempt to clarify the appropriate levels of explanation (...)
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  10.  20
    The Cerebral Code.William H. Calvin - 1996 - MIT Press.
    In "The Cerebral Code," he has solidly embedded his ideas in experimental neurophysiology and neuropharmacology, deriving from his decades in the laboratory.
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  11.  13
    Global Fever.William H. Calvin - unknown
    a. Lessons from science and medicine b. Lessons from industrial revolutions c. How Deep Geothermal can replace coal. d. How to sink a lot of carbon quickly.
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  12.  13
    The Six Essentials?William H. Calvin - unknown
    Since Richard Dawkins ' The Extended Phenotype got me to thinking about copying units in the mid-1980s, I have been trying to define a cerebral code by searching for what can be successfully replicated in the brain's neural circuitry, a minimum replicable unit. I indeed found such circuitry. But to explore creativity in higher intellectual function, I wanted to see if the resulting copies could compete in a Darwinian manner, the process shaping up quality as it goes. And that forced (...)
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  13.  6
    Scientific American.William H. Calvin - unknown
    An expanded version has now appeared: HOW BRAINS THINK: Evolving Intelligence, Then and Now in the Science Masters series (BasicBooks 1996 in the USA and Weidenfeld & Nicolson in the UK, various translation editions elsewhere, including China). My Darwin Machines model for cerebral cortical circuitry has now appeared as THE CEREBRAL CODE: Thinking a Thought in the Mosaics of the Mind (MIT Press 1996).
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  14. The Ascent of Mind: Ice Age Climates and the Evolution of Intelligence.William H. Calvin - 1991 - Bantam Books.
  15.  43
    The Extensions of BAlt.David Ullrich & Michael Byrd - 1977 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 6 (1):109 - 117.
  16.  79
    The Evolution of Consciousness.William Calvin - manuscript
    I will actually talk mostly about evolutionary processes in the brain as we think about what to say next; I'll be happy to answer questions later, however, about how this system we call consciousness itself evolved on the usual evolutionary time scale of the ice ages.
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  17.  30
    My Synapses, Myself.William Calvin - unknown
    The self, Joseph LeDoux tells us, is “the totality of the living organism”. Most disciplines in the natural sciences focus on only one or two levels of organization. Indeed, Dmitri Mendeleev figured out the periodic table of the elements without knowing any of the underlying quantum mechanics or stereochemistry. There are, however, at least a dozen levels of organization within the neurosciences — and, if we use a metaphor, we temporarily create yet another. This leads to considerable confusion and arguments (...)
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  18.  25
    Filling the Empty Niches.William Calvin - manuscript
    When surveying the spectrum from pop psych to neurology in works addressed to general readers, one is struck by how few major figures there have been - certainly when cognitive neuro is compared to a far smaller field (1), evolutionary biology, where real literary talents like Loren Eiseley once flourished, where "media dons" like Richard Dawkins regularly clarify our thinking, where there are magnificent series like those of Stephen Jay Gould (fifteen major essays a year, plus scholarly books and research (...)
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  19.  21
    The Great Use-It-or-Lose-It Intelligence Test.William H. Calvin - unknown
    To fit the magnificence of this setting in Beijing’s Great Hall of the People, and the honor of giving the 2007 Sir John Crawford Memorial Lecture, it is well to have a subject of suitable proportions. I have chosen one of global size and urgent time frame: our climate crisis. We only have one future and one global climate–and now it looks as if we only have one chance to rescue our civilization from collapse and prevent a mass extinction of (...)
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  20.  22
    The Feeling of What Happens New York.William Calvin - manuscript
    Antonio R. Damasio , The Feeling of What Happens: Body and Emotion in the Making of Consciousness . This is clearly a must-read book for anyone wanting a neurologist's perspective on one of the greatest of the unsolved mysteries, human consciousness and the ways in which it exceeds that of the other apes. By the author of Descartes' Error.
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  21.  16
    Commentary: Secondary Smoke Surrounds the Capital Punishment Debate.Richard C. Dieter - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (1):2-84.
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  22.  20
    Rediscovery and the Cognitive Aspects of Toolmaking: Lessons From the Handaxe.William H. Calvin - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):403-404.
    Long before signs of staged toolmaking appeared, Homo erectus made symmetrical tools. The handaxe is a flattened tear-drop shape, but often with edges sharpened all around. Before we assign their obsession with symmetry to an aesthetic judgment, we must consider whether it is possible that the symmetry is simply very pragmatic for one particular use in the many suggested.
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  23.  13
    Brains and the World of 2025.William Calvin - manuscript
    I have two tales to tell. Well, maybe three. Presently I will get to the good news concerning what knowledge of the brain will do to education and training by 2025, making adults far more mentally capable than most of us are now, with all its implications for warfare and other less lethal forms of competition.
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  24.  12
    Email || Home Page || Publication List.William H. Calvin - unknown
    Plan-ahead becomes necessary for those movements which are over-and-done in less time than it takes for the feedback loop to operate. Natural selection for one of the ballistic movements (hammering, clubbing, and throwing) could evolve a plan-ahead serial buffer for hand-arm commands that would benefit the other ballistic movements as well. This same circuitry may also sequence other muscles (children learning handwriting often screw up their faces and tongues) and so novel oral-facial sequences may also benefit (as might kicking and (...)
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  25.  7
    No-Slides Bookstore Talk (October 2002).William Calvin - manuscript
    In particular, one of Gould's important contributions as a paleontologist was to convince us that there are long periods in evolution where species don't change very much, that Darwinian gradualism doesn't guarantee a steady course of improvements. And that there are periods -- not at all inconsistent with Darwinian gradualism -- when things progress considerably faster. I tuned right into what Steve was saying since both of my main interests in evolution, the evolution of the big brain in only several (...)
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  26.  6
    Pumping Up Intelligence.William H. Calvin - unknown
    The title is not a metaphor, though past tense might be better as this chapter is about how each of the many hundred abrupt coolings of the last several million years could have served as a pump stroke, each elevating intelligence a small increment - even though what natural selection was operating on was not intelligence per se.
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  27.  8
    German Translations.William Calvin - manuscript
    German translation Der Strom der bergauf fließt: Ein Reise durch die Evolution (Carl Hanser Verlag, 1994), DM58-. [click here to see German cover].
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  28.  11
    Q: What is Today's Most Important Unreported Story?William Calvin - manuscript
    A: That's easy: abrupt climate change, the sort of thing where most of the earth returns to ice-age temperatures in just a decade or two, accompanied by a major worldwide drought. Then, centuries later, it flips back just as quickly. This has happened hundreds of times in the past.
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  29.  5
    Seattle WA 98195-1800 USA.William Calvin - manuscript
    Neurons run on electricity 1, producing many impulses each second when they are working hard. These brief (1/1000 second, as rapid as a fast camera shutter), 0.1 volt impulses (though a hundred times smaller if recorded from outside the cell) can be amplified and heard via a loudspeaker. Neurophysiologists routinely listen to neurons via loudspeakers in their laboratories, much as anesthesiologists listen to a patient's heartbeat in the operating room.
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  30.  7
    , "Computers as Modelers of Climate," in the Greatest Inventions of the Past.William Calvin - manuscript
    Computer simulations may allow us to understand the earth’s fickle climate and how it is affected by detours of the great ocean currents. These detours cause abrupt coolings -- the average global temperature can drop dramatically in just a few years, with droughts that set up El-Niño-like forest fires even in the tropics. While volcanic eruptions and Antarctic ice shelf collapses can also abruptly cool things, what we’re talking about here is a flip-flop: a few centuries later, there’s an equally (...)
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  31.  7
    Par-Delà Les Scissures Et Les Sillons.William Calvin - manuscript
    Placez la photographie du cerveau d’Einstein au milieu d’une centaine d’autres clichés du même type : il ne fait aucun doute que n’importe quel étudiant en neurosciences le repérerait immédiatement. “ C’est aussi étrange que d’avoir deux pieds gauches , dirait-il. Comment cet individu pouvait-il danser avec deux cerveaux droits ? S’agissait-il d’un attardé mental ou d’un génie ? ” Les règles de l’origami prénatal nous sont encore largement inconnues, mais chaque étudiant apprend vite à distinguer les replis les plus (...)
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  32.  3
    Bellagio 1997.William Calvin - manuscript
    The most interesting of our 1997 travels was Bellagio, Italy. It's hard to explain this without lapsing into superlatives over and over, so let me try bare facts first. The Rockefeller Foundation was, in the 1950s, given a 50-acre estate known as the Villa Serbelloni. It was also given enough endowment to maintain the place and run it as a retreat ("The Bellagio Study and Conference Center") for..
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  33.  3
    Webbed Reprint Collection.William Calvin - manuscript
    Homo erectus made symmetrical tools. The handaxe is a flattened tear-drop shape, but often with edges sharpened all around. Before we assign their obsession with symmetry to an esthetic judgment, we must consider whether it is possible that the symmetry is simply very pragmatic for one particular use of the many suggested.
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  34. Why a Creative Brain? Evolutionary Setups for Off-Line Planning of Coherent Stages.William H. Calvin - 2007 - In Henri Cohen & Brigitte Stemmer (eds.), Consciousness and Cognition: Fragments of Mind and Brain. Elxevier Academic Press.
     
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  35. Atonement Theory Revisited: Calvin, Beza, and Amyraut on the Extent of the Atonement.Matthew S. Harding - 2013 - Perichoresis 11 (1):51-75.
    Throughout the bulk of the Reformed Tradition’s history within both Europe and the United States, most scholars have dismissed pastor and theologian Moïse Amyraut as a seventeenth century French heretic whose actions and theology led to the demise of the Huguenots in France. However, upon further introspection into Amyraut’s claims as being closer to Calvin (soteriologically) than his Genevan successors, one finds uncanny parallels in the scriptural commentaries and biblical insight into the expiation of Christ between Calvin and (...)
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  36.  23
    Calvin’s Restrictions on Interest: Guidelines for the Credit Crisis. [REVIEW]J. J. Graafland - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (2):233 - 248.
    Calvin's view on the legitimacy of interest has had a great impact on the economic development of Western society. Although Calvin took a fundamentally positive attitude to interest, he also proposed several restrictions on the charging of interest. In this article, we investigate the relevance of these restrictions to the current credit crisis. We find that each of them provides a relevant interpretation of what went wrong in the buildup of the credit crisis and gives directions to improve (...)
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  37.  17
    Law and Gospel, or the Law of the Gospel? Karl Barth's Political Theology Compared with Luther and Calvin.Jesse Couenhoven - 2002 - Journal of Religious Ethics 30 (2):181 - 205.
    This essay is an attempt to understand the significance of Barth's redefinition of the "law/gospel" rubric for political theology. Barth's thought is exposited at length, and illumined by comparison with Luther and Calvin. Luther emphasizes the distance between gospel and the law, distinguishing between serving God in the secular regiment, and serving Christ in the spiritual regiment. He thereby challenges the improper relation of state and church, but does so in a manner that can lead to a passive dualism. (...)
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  38.  13
    Grace as Pardon and Power: Pictures of the Christian Life in Luther, Calvin, and Barth.Jesse Couenhoven - 2000 - Journal of Religious Ethics 28 (1):63 - 88.
    Christians have long understood grace both as a declaration of acceptance and as a power that transforms. This article illumines two theses while investigating the relationship between these understandings of grace in Luther, Calvin, and Barth's development of the law/gospel dialectic and the doctrines of justification and sanctification. First, though each theologian makes use of both understandings of grace, each also tends to emphasize one over the other. The unity and tension within and between these perspectives help to show (...)
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  39. A Life of John Calvin: A Study in the Shaping of Western Culture.Alister E. McGrath - 1993 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    The first biography of John Calvin since 1975 and the only life of the great reformer to analyse his impact on subsequent generations of theologians, politicians, economists and philosophers. This biography is theologically unbiased and is written as much for historians and general readers as for those interested in Calvin the Church reformer.
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  40.  11
    Experiences Between Philosophy and Communication: Engaging the Philosophical Contributions of Calvin O. Schrag.Ramsey Eric Ramsey & David James Miller (eds.) - 2003 - State University of New York Press.
    Leading scholars address the work of American philosopher Calvin O. Schrag.
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  41.  4
    An Interview with Professor Dieter Birnbacher: Reflections on Ethical Universality.Hanna Schudy & Dieter Birnbacher - 2012 - Intergenerational Justice Review 6 (1).
    Dieter Birnbacher is professor of philosophy at the University of Düsseldorf and a member of the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations’ scientific board. In 1988 he published the book Verantwortung für zukünftige Generationen ; which was translated into French and Polish. Hanna Schudy is an ethicist and environmentalist interested in questions of intergenerational responsibility concerning the natural environment. She is a doctoral student at the University of Wroclaw and a DAAD scholarship holder. The interview was conducted in (...)
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  42.  1
    Gott Aus der Natur Erkennen – Calvin Im Interreligiösen Quervergleich MIT Al-Ghazālī.Ralf K. Wüstenberg - 2019 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 61 (1):1-15.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie Jahrgang: 61 Heft: 1 Seiten: 1-15.
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  43.  8
    John Calvin, the Man and His Ethics.Georgia Harkness - 1932 - Philosophical Review 41:98.
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  44. The Legacy of Sovereign Joy God's Triumphant Grace in the Lives of Augustine, Luther, and Calvin.John Piper - 2000
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  45. "Calvin and Hobbes": A Critique of Society's Values.Alisa White Coleman - 2000 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 15 (1):17-28.
    This article is a textual analysis of messages and themes in "Calvin and Hobbes," a comic strip nationally syndicated from 1985 to 1995. The article examines the content found in "Calvin and Hobbes" to determine underlying messages concerning ethics and values. Specifically, the messages are analyzed to determine under which category of metaethics-deontological, teleological, and virtue-they fall.
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  46.  4
    Assessing the Consistency of John Calvin’s Doctrine on Human Sinfulness.Nico Vorster - 2015 - Hts Theological Studies 71 (3).
    The accusation is often levelled at Calvin that his doctrine on sin is inconsistent, contradictory, deterministic and culpable of making God the Author of sin. This article probes the validity of these accusations by analysing the consistency of John Calvin’s doctrine on human sinfulness and by asking whether Calvin’s understanding of sinful human nature is theologically valid. In doing so, the investigation keeps in mind the structural make-up of his theology, the rhetorical intent of his utterances and (...)
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  47.  20
    John Calvin's Ideas.Paul Helm - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Paul Helm looks at how Calvin worked at the interface of theology and philosophy and in particular how he employed medieval ideas to do so. Connections are made between his ideas and contemporary philosophical theology, and there is a careful examination of the appeal that current `Reformed' epistemologists make to Calvin.
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  48.  11
    Conversio Ad Docelitam: John Calvin on Conversion and Being a Christian.Wim A. Dreyer - 2014 - Hts Theological Studies 70 (3):01-05.
    This contribution describes John Calvin's understanding of what it means to be a Christian. When Calvin 'converted' to the Reformation in the early 1530s, the term 'Protestant' did not exist. There was no systematic body of doctrine or a confession you could put your signature under. So Calvin became a 'lover of Christ'. The unity with Christ was a central part of his theology but also his personal spirituality. Calvin also understood his own conversion as a (...)
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  49.  60
    Calvin and Hobbes, or, Hobbes as an Orthodox Christian.E. M. Curley - 1996 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 34 (2):257-271.
    Notes and Discussions Calvin and Hobbes, or, Hobbes as an Orthodox Christian Three years ago, in the proceedings of an Italian conference on Hobbes and Spinoza, I published an article arguing that Hobbes was at best a deist, and most likely an atheist? In a recent book on Hobbes, A. P. Martinich devoted an appendix to criticizing that article, as part of his case that Hobbes is not merely a theist, but an orthodox Christian, and specifically, that he had (...)
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  50.  85
    How Reformed is Reformed Epistemology? Alvin Plantinga and CAlvin's ‘Sensus Divinitatis’.Derek S. Jeffreys - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (4):419-431.
    In his recent two volumes on epistemology, Alvin Plantinga surveys contemporary theories of knowledge thoroughly, and carefully defends an externalist epistemology. He promises that in a third volume, Warranted Christian Belief, he will present John Calvin's sensus divinitatis as an epistemic module akin to sense perception, a priori knowledge, induction, testimony and other epistemic modules. Plantinga defines the sensus divinitatis as a ‘many sided disposition to accept belief in God in a variety of circumstances’. Like other epistemic modules, it (...)
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