Results for 'Carl T. Woods'

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  1.  6
    Sport Practitioners as Sport Ecology Designers: How Ecological Dynamics Has Progressively Changed Perceptions of Skill “Acquisition” in the Sporting Habitat.Carl T. Woods, Ian McKeown, Martyn Rothwell, Duarte Araújo, Sam Robertson & Keith Davids - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
  2. The Transmission Sense of Information.Carl T. Bergstrom & Martin Rosvall - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):159-176.
    Biologists rely heavily on the language of information, coding, and transmission that is commonplace in the field of information theory developed by Claude Shannon, but there is open debate about whether such language is anything more than facile metaphor. Philosophers of biology have argued that when biologists talk about information in genes and in evolution, they are not talking about the sort of information that Shannon’s theory addresses. First, philosophers have suggested that Shannon’s theory is only useful for developing a (...)
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  3.  45
    Response to Commentaries on “The Transmission Sense of Information”.Carl T. Bergstrom & Martin Rosvall - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):195-200.
    Response to commentaries on “The Transmission Sense of Information” Content Type Journal Article Pages 195-200 DOI 10.1007/s10539-011-9257-3 Authors Carl T. Bergstrom, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195-1800, USA Martin Rosvall, Integrated Science Lab, Department of Physics, Umeå University, 901 87 Umeå, Sweden Journal Biology and Philosophy Online ISSN 1572-8404 Print ISSN 0169-3867 Journal Volume Volume 26 Journal Issue Volume 26, Number 2.
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  4. On the Evolution of Behavioral Complexity in Individuals and Populations.Carl T. Bergstrom & Peter Godfrey-Smith - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (2):205-31.
    A wide range of ecological and evolutionary models predict variety in phenotype or behavior when a population is at equilibrium. This heterogeneity can be realized in different ways. For example, it can be realized through a complex population of individuals exhibiting different simple behaviors, or through a simple population of individuals exhibiting complex, varying behaviors. In some theoretical frameworks these different realizations are treated as equivalent, but natural selection distinguishes between these two alternatives in subtle ways. By investigating an increasingly (...)
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  5.  18
    Aborigine, Indian, Indigenous or First Nations?Michael A. Peters & Carl T. Mika - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (13):1229-1234.
  6.  55
    Commentary on “The Transmission Sense of Information” by Carl T. Bergstrom and Martin Rosvall.James Maclaurin - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (2):191-194.
    Commentary on “The transmission sense of information” by Carl T. Bergstrom and Martin Rosvall Content Type Journal Article Pages 191-194 DOI 10.1007/s10539-010-9233-3 Authors James Maclaurin, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand Journal Biology and Philosophy Online ISSN 1572-8404 Print ISSN 0169-3867 Journal Volume Volume 26 Journal Issue Volume 26, Number 2.
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  7.  6
    Between Cheap and Costly Signals: The Evolution of Partially Honest Communication.Kevin J. S. Zollman, Carl T. Bergstrom & Simon M. Huttegger - unknown
    Costly signalling theory has become a common explanation for honest communication when interests conflict. In this paper, we provide an alternative explanation for partially honest communication that does not require significant signal costs. We show that this alternative is at least as plausible as traditional costly signalling, and we suggest a number of experiments that might be used to distinguish the two theories.
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  8.  7
    A Companion to Old and Middle English Studies. A. C. Patridge.Carl T. Berkhout - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):448-449.
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  9. Anna Maria Guerrieri, Ed. And Trans,(Into Italian),“Ewangelium de Uirginibus” in CCCC 303. Naples: Istituto Universitario Orientale, 1988. Paper. Pp. 126; 4 Black-and-White Facsimile Plates. [REVIEW]Carl T. Berkhout - 1991 - Speculum 66 (2):415-416.
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  10.  27
    Die Worttrennung Am Zeilende in Altenlischen Handschriften. Claus-Dieter Wetzel.Carl T. Berkhout - 1985 - Speculum 60 (2):465-466.
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  11.  10
    Signals Without Teleology.Carl T. Bergstrom, Simon M. Huttegger & Kevin J. S. Zollman - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 84:101310.
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  12.  16
    The Problem of OE Holmwudu.Carl T. Berkhout - 1974 - Mediaeval Studies 36 (1):429-433.
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  13. Many, but One.Evan T. Woods - forthcoming - Synthese:1-18.
    The problem of the many threatens to show that, in general, there are far more ordinary objects than you might have thought. I present and motivate a solution to this problem using many-one identity. According to this solution, the many things that seem to have what it takes to be, say, a cat, are collectively identical to that single cat.
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  14.  20
    Gender-Based Homophily in Collaborations Across a Heterogeneous Scholarly Landscape.Y. Samuel Wang, Carole J. Lee, Jevin D. West, Carl T. Bergstrom & Elena A. Erosheva - manuscript
    Using the corpus of JSTOR articles, we investigate the role of gender in collaboration patterns across the scholarly landscape by analyzing gender-based homophily--the tendency for researchers to co-author with individuals of the same gender. For a nuanced analysis of gender homophily, we develop methodology necessitated by the fact that the data comprises heterogeneous sub-disciplines and that not all authorships are exchangeable. In particular, we distinguish three components of gender homophily in collaborations: a structural component that is due to demographics and (...)
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  15.  2
    “I'm Really Torn, I Guess”: Reconciling Conflicting Roles Among Physicians Seeking Research Consent.Carl T. D'Angio - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (9):20-22.
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  16.  15
    The Social Licence for Research: Whycare.Dataran Into Trouble.Pam Carter, Graeme T. Laurie & Mary Dixon-Woods - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):404-409.
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  17.  42
    Cross-Cultural Differences in Crossmodal Correspondences Between Basic Tastes and Visual Features.Xiaoang Wan, Andy T. Woods, Jasper J. F. van den Bosch, Kirsten J. McKenzie, Carlos Velasco & Charles Spence - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  18.  5
    Thomas Aquinas on the Proportionate Causes of Living Species.Brian T. Carl - 2020 - Scientia et Fides 8 (2):223-248.
    The principle of proportionate causality is often cited as a cause for concern that Thomistic metaphysics may be irreconcilable with a theory of biological evolution. St. Thomas does hold that for the generation of what he calls perfect animals, a generator of the same species is required. This study clarifies what the proportionate causes of generated organisms are for Thomas, examining his views about spontaneous generation, reproductive generation, and hybridization, while also articulating the roles of both the heavenly bodies and (...)
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  19. In Defense of the Principle of Alternative Possibilities: Why I Don't Find Frankfurt's Argument Convincing.Carl Ginet - 1996 - Philosophical Perspectives 10:403-17.
  20.  24
    Laws of Thought and Epistemic Proofs.John Woods - 1979 - Idealistic Studies 9 (1):55-65.
    A common reaction among idealist philosophers to the classical syntactic characterization of proof so crisply articulated by Tarski is an urgent but inchoate Angst that something momentous is missing, an awesome intimation of bereftness. The simple fact is that in many pursuits proof involves an empirical appeal, an operation that Tarski excludes from the domain of proof and assigns to the company of confirmation. In Tarski’s terms, empirical statements never even admit of the predicate true, let alone proved, unless perhaps (...)
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  21.  2
    Infants' Ability to Use Luminance Information to Individuate Objects.R. Woods & T. Wilcox - 2006 - Cognition 99 (2):B43-B52.
  22. Apperception and Spontaneity.Wolfgang Carl - 1997 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 5 (2):147 – 163.
    The interest contemporary philosophy takes in Kant's notion of apperception is restricted to his criticism of the Cartesian Ego and to his refutation of scepticism, but there is a profound lack of concern for the notion itself and for the act of spontaneity in particular which is connected with the use of the word T. Starting from a comparison of Wittgenstein's account of this use with Kant's considerations it is argued that the latter aims at a theory of formal conditions (...)
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  23.  10
    Runes and Runic Inscriptions: Collected Essays on Anglo-Saxon and Viking Runes.R. I. Page David Parson Carl T. Berkhout.James Cathey - 1997 - Speculum 72 (3):872-873.
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  24.  44
    Why Women Consent to Surgery, Even When They Don't Want To: A Qualitative Study.M. Dixon-Woods, SJ Williams, CJ Jackson, A. Akkad, S. Kenyon & M. Habiba - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (3):153-158.
    Although there has been critical analysis of how the informed consent process functions in relation to participation in research and particular ethical 'dilemmas', there has been little examination of consenting to more routine medical procedures. We report a qualitative study of 25 women who consented to surgery. Of these, nine were ambivalent or opposed to having an operation. When faced with a consent form, women's accounts suggest that they rarely do anything other than obey professionals' requests for a signature. An (...)
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  25. Recognizing One's Own Face.Tilo T. J. Kircher, Carl Senior, Mary L. Phillips, Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, Philip J. Benson, Edward T. Bullmore, Mick Brammer, Andrew Simmons, Mathias Bartels & Anthony S. David - 2001 - Cognition 78 (1):B1-B15.
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  26. The Self-Effacement Gambit.Jack Woods - 2019 - Res Philosophica 96 (2):113-139.
    Philosophical arguments usually are and nearly always should be abductive. Across many areas, philosophers are starting to recognize that often the best we can do in theorizing some phenomena is put forward our best overall account of it, warts and all. This is especially true in esoteric areas like logic, aesthetics, mathematics, and morality where the data to be explained is often based in our stubborn intuitions. -/- While this methodological shift is welcome, it's not without problems. Abductive arguments involve (...)
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  27.  16
    Alternative Set Theories.Thierry Libert, T. Forster, R. Holmes, Dov M. Gabbay, John Woods & Akihiro Kanamori - 2009 - In Dov Gabbay (ed.), The Handbook of the History of Logic. Elsevier.
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  28.  5
    The Lattice Thermal Conductivity of Dilute Alloys of Silver and Gold.G. K. White, S. B. Woods & M. T. Elford - 1959 - Philosophical Magazine 4 (42):688-692.
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  29. Faith and Liberty: The Economic Thought of the Late Scholastics Alejandro Chafuen.T. E. Woods - 2005 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 19 (4).
     
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  30.  63
    Mendeleev, the Man and His Matrix: Dmitri Mendeleev, Aspects of His Life and Work: Was He a Somewhat Fortunate Man? [REVIEW]Gordon T. Woods - 2010 - Foundations of Chemistry 12 (3):171-186.
    This article traces the life of Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev from childhood in Siberia, through education and training to become the first formulator of the Periodic Table, the logo of chemistry. His unique contribution is described and analysed; what factors helped him be the first formulator? What did he do after making his most famous discovery? In addition the article peeps into his personal life, his dealings with his family and the authorities. Finally we look at honours he received in (...)
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  31. Ronald Steel, Walter Lippmann and the American Century.T. E. Woods - 2001 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 15 (4; SEAS AUT):107-112.
     
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  32. The Reduction of Essence in the Thought of Thomas Aquinas and Edmund Husserl.Martin T. Woods - 1989 - The Thomist 53 (3):443-460.
  33.  13
    Why Can't We: Go On as Three?Carl Elliott - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (3):36-39.
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  34. Model Theory, Hume's Dictum, and the Priority of Ethical Theory.Jack Woods & Barry Maguire - 2017 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 4:419-440.
    It is regrettably common for theorists to attempt to characterize the Humean dictum that one can’t get an ‘ought’ from an ‘is’ just in broadly logical terms. We here address an important new class of such approaches which appeal to model-theoretic machinery. Our complaint about these recent attempts is that they interfere with substantive debates about the nature of the ethical. This problem, developed in detail for Daniel Singer’s and Gillian Russell and Greg Restall’s accounts of Hume’s dictum, is of (...)
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  35.  5
    Privacy and Security.Carl S. Guynes, Grichard G. Vedder & Michael T. Vanecek - 1996 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 26 (1):11-13.
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  36. WOODS, Theological Explanation. [REVIEW]I. T. Ramsey - 1959 - Hibbert Journal 58:85.
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  37. English Social Movements. T. F. Husband. [REVIEW]R. A. Woods - 1892 - Ethics 3:265.
     
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  38.  66
    Verdi is the Puccini of Music.John Woods & Brent Hudak - 1992 - Synthese 92 (2):189 - 220.
    An account of analogical characterization is developed in which the following things are claimed.(1) Analogical predications are irreflexive, asymmetrical, atransitive and non-inversive. (2) Analogies A and B share role-similarity descriptions sufficiently abstract to overcome the differences between A and B. Analogies pivot on the point of limited similarity and substantial, even radical, difference. (3) The semantical theory for sentences making analogical attributions requires a distinction between (sentential) meaning as truth conditions and (sentential) meaning as a functional compound of the meanings (...)
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  39. Mississippian Meramec Lithologies and Petrophysical Property Variability,STACK Trend, Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma.Michael J. Miller, Matthew J. Pranter, Ishank Gupta, Deepak Devegowda, Kurt J. Marfurt, Carl Sondergeld, Chandra Rai, Chris T. McLain, James Larese & Richard E. Packwood - forthcoming - Interpretation:1-59.
    Mississippian Meramec reservoirs of the STACK play are comprised of silty limestones, calcareous siltstones, argillaceous-calcareous siltstones, argillaceous siltstones and mudstones. We found that core-defined reservoir lithologies are related to petrophysics-based rock types derived from porosity-permeability relationships using a flow-zone indicator approach. We classified lithologies and rock types in non-cored wells using an Artificial Neural Network with overall accuracies of 93% and 70%, respectively. We observed that mudstone-rich rock type 1 exhibits high clay and low calcite while calcareous-rich rock type 3 (...)
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  40.  45
    Large Scale Organisational Intervention to Improve Patient Safety in Four UK Hospitals: Mixed Method Evaluation.A. Benning, M. Ghaleb, A. Suokas, M. Dixon-Woods, J. Dawson, N. Barber, B. D. Franklin, A. Girling, K. Hemming, M. Carmalt, G. Rudge, T. Naicker, U. Nwulu, S. Choudhury & R. Lilford - unknown
    Objectives To conduct an independent evaluation of the first phase of the Health Foundation’s Safer Patients Initiative (SPI), and to identify the net additional effect of SPI and any differences in changes in participating and non-participating NHS hospitals. Design Mixed method evaluation involving five substudies, before and after design. Setting NHS hospitals in the United Kingdom. Participants Four hospitals (one in each country in the UK) participating in the first phase of the SPI (SPI1); 18 control hospitals. Intervention The SPI1 (...)
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  41. Making Too Much of Possible Worlds.John Woods - unknown
    A possible worlds treatment of the normal alethic modalities was, after classical model theory, logic’s most significant semantic achievement in the century just past.[1] Kripke’s groundbreaking paper appeared in 1959 and, in the scant few succeeding years, its principal analytical tool, possible worlds, was adapted to serve a range of quite different-seeming purposes – from nonnormal logics,[2] to epistemic and doxastic logics[3], deontic[4] and temporal logics[5] and, not much later, the logic of counterfactual conditionals.[6] In short order, possible worlds acquired (...)
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  42.  4
    G. F. Woods. A Defence of Theological Ethics, Hulsean Lectures, 1964. Pp. Vii + 135. . 22s. 6d.T. A. Roberts - 1967 - Religious Studies 3 (1):415.
  43.  29
    Beyond Reasonable Doubt: An Abductive Dilemma in Criminal Law.John Woods - 2008 - Informal Logic 28 (1):60-70.
    In criminal cases at common law, juries are permitted to convict on wholly circumstantial evidence even in the face of a reasonable case for acquittal. This generates the highly counterintuitive—if not absurd—consequence that there being reason to think that the accused didn’t do it is not reason to doubt that he did. This is the no-reason-to-doubt problem. It has a technical solution provided that the evidence on which it is reasonable to think that the accused didn’t do it is a (...)
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  44.  42
    The Unifying Function of Affect: Founding a Theory of Psychocultural Development in the Epistemology of John Dewey and Carl Jung.Peter T. Dunlap - 2012 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (1):53-68.
    In this paper I explore the shared interest of John Dewey and Carl Jung in the developmental continuity between biological, psychological, and cultural phenomena. Like other first generation psychological theorists, Dewey and Jung thought that psychology could be used to deepen our understanding of this continuity and thus gain a degree of control over human development. While their pursuit of this goal received little institutional support, there is a growing body of theory and practice derived from the new field (...)
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  45.  5
    Reinforcement Aftereffects and Intertrial Interval.Sanford Katz, George T. Woods & Judith H. Carrithers - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 72 (4):624.
  46. SUMNER, W. L. And WOODS, John : Necessary Truth: A Book of Readings. [REVIEW]I. T. Oakley - 1971 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 49:320.
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  47.  4
    Philosophy of Education in a New Key.Michael A. Peters, Sonja Arndt, Marek Tesar, Liz Jackson, Ruyu Hung, Carl Mika, Janis T. Ozolins, Christoph Teschers, Janet Orchard, Rachel Buchanan, Andrew Madjar, Rene Novak, Tina Besley, Sean Sturm, Peter Roberts & Andrew Gibbons - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-22.
    Michael Peters, Sonja Arndt & Marek TesarThis is a collective writing experiment of PESA members, including its Executive Committee, asking questions of the Philosophy of Education in a New Key. Co...
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  48.  10
    Contributions of the Idealogues to French Revolutionary Thought.The Cult of Antiquity and the French Revolutionaries.Carl Becker, Charles Hunter Van Duzer & Harold T. Parker - 1937 - Philosophical Review 46 (4):440.
  49.  2
    Open Ended Data Files: A Format for Ragged Data Sets.Carl Beck, John T. Mckechnie & Douglas K. Stewart - 1967 - Social Science Information 6 (5):129-131.
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  50.  2
    T'an Ching.Carl Bielefeldt & Lewis Lancaster - 1975 - Philosophy East and West 25 (2):197-212.
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