Results for 'Carlos Blank'

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  1. The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity.Elizabeth Deplma Digeser, Angela Longo, Carlos Steel, David Blank, Gerd van Riel & Jan Opsomer - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Cambridge History of Philosophy in Late Antiquity comprises over forty specially comissioned essays by experts on the philosophy of the period 200-800 C.E. Designed as a successor to The Cambridge History of Later Greek and Early Medieval Philosophy , it takes into account some forty years of scholarship since the publication of that volume. The contributors examine philosophy as it entered literature, science and religion, and offer new and extensive assessments of philosophers who until recently have been mostly ignored. (...)
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  2. La importancia de filosofar (en clave popperiana).Carlos Blank - 2011 - Apuntes Filosóficos 20 (39):43-65.
    Este trabajo no pretende seguramente aportar nada nuevo a la filosofía práctica. Nuestro propósito, más bien, es hacer algunas reflexiones acerca del filosofar mismo desde una perspectiva popperiana, pues consideramos que ella puede suministrar algunas herramientas útiles para aquellos que se ocupan de la filosofía práctica y la aplican. Se trata de ver a la filosofía como una actividad crítica de las nociones o creencias compartidas que aparecen como �sentido común�. En definitiva, consideramos que una filosofía práctica puede cumplir un (...)
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  3. The Blank Slate. The Modern Denial of Human Nature.Steven Pinker - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (4):765-767.
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  4.  26
    Sextus Empiricus: Against the Grammarians.D. L. Blank (ed.) - 1998 - Clarendon Press.
    David Blank presents a new translation into clear modern English of a key treatise by one of the greatest of ancient philosophers, together with the first ever commentary on this work. Sextus Empiricus' Against the Grammarians is a polemical attack on ancient Greek ideas about grammar, and provides one of the best examples of sustained Sceptical reasoning.
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  5.  93
    Blank Slate: Squares and Political Order of City.Asma Mehan - 2016 - Journal of Architecture and Urbanism 40 (4):311-321.
    This paper aims to analyze the square beyond an architectural element in the city, but weaves this blank slate, with its contemporary socio political atmosphere as a new paradigm. As a result, this research investigates the historical, social and political concept of Meydan – a term which has mostly applied for the Iranian and Islamic public squares. This interpretation, suggested the idea of Meydan as the core of the projects in the city, which historically exposed in formalization of power (...)
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  6. Cartas originales de Carlos V al Papa Clemente VII.(Segunda parte).Carlos Alonso Vañes - 2011 - Ciudad de Dios: Revista Agustiniana 224 (1):155-189.
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  7.  6
    Christian Wolff on Common Notions and Duties of Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2019 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 8 (1):171-193.
    While contemporary accounts understand esteem and self-esteem as essentially competitive phenomena, early modern natural law theorists developed a conception of justified esteem and self-esteem based on naturally good character traits. This article explores how such a normative conception of esteem and self-esteem is developed in the work of Christian Wolff. Two features make Wolff’s approach distinctive: He uses the analysis of common notions that are expressed in everyday language to provide a foundation for the aspects of natural law on which (...)
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  8.  23
    Aristotle’s de Interpretatione: Contradiction and Dialectic.D. L. Blank & C. W. A. Whitaker - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):134.
    From its title, which since antiquity has occasioned interpretations of varying ingenuity and implausibility and which the book under review is probably right to judge both inauthentic and inappropriate, to its final chapter, thought to be post-Aristotelian or an exercise by Porphyry and the Greek commentators who followed him, On Interpretation has long been considered one of Aristotle’s most puzzling works. Brief as it is, this treatise was divided into four main parts by Ammonius, dealing with the principles of the (...)
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  9.  40
    Sixteenth-Century Pharmacology and the Controversy Between Reductionism and Emergentism.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Perspectives on Science 26 (2):157-184.
    Sixteenth century pharmacology was still very much under the influence of a distinction going back to ancient medicine: the distinction between effects of medicaments that were taken to be explainable by the elementary qualities, their mutual modification in mixture, and the combination of these modified elementary qualities on the one hand, and the effects of medicaments that were taken not to be explicable in this manner.1 Galen coined the expression that a medicament of the latter kind possesses the capacity of (...)
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  10. Doctor Carlos Cossio Homenaje de la Universidad Nacional de Tucum'an.Carlos Cossio & Universidad Nacional de Tucumâan - 1989 - La Universidad.
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  11.  14
    Self-Knowledge and Varieties of Human Excellence in the French Moralists.Andreas Blank - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (3):513-534.
    ABSTRACTContemporary accounts of knowing one’s own mental states can be instructively supplemented by early modern accounts that understand self-knowledge as an important factor for flourishing human life. This article argues that in the early modern French moralists, one finds diverging conceptions of how knowing one’s own personal qualities could constitute a kind of human excellence: François de la Rochefoucauld argues that the value of knowing one’s own character faults could contribute to an attitude of self-acceptance that liberates one from the (...)
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  12.  24
    D’Holbach on Self-Esteem and the Moral Economy of Oppression.Andreas Blank - 2017 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 25 (6):1116-1137.
    Recently, the idea that our desire for the esteem of others could function as a regulative principle of social life has been criticized because the economy of esteem could reinforce oppressive structures due to expressions of mutual esteem within oppressing groups with deviant group norms. This article discusses this problem from a historical point of view, focusing on the moral and political writings of the eighteenth-century French materialist Paul Thiry d’Holbach. D’Holbach’s thoughts are relevant in two respects: For situations of (...)
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  13.  17
    The Stoics on Ambiguity.David Blank & Catherine Atherton - 1995 - Philosophical Review 104 (2):267.
  14.  51
    End-of-Life Decision Making Across Cultures.Robert H. Blank - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):201-214.
    Even more so than in other areas of medicine, issues at the end of life elucidate the importance of religion and culture, as well as the role of the family and other social structures, in how these issues are framed. This article presents an overview of the variation in end-of-life treatment issues across 12 highly disparate countries. It finds that many assumptions held in the western bioethics literature are not easily transferred to other cultural settings.
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  15.  27
    The AAP Task Force on Neonatal Circumcision: A Call for Respectful Dialogue.Susan Blank, Michael Brady, Ellen Buerk, Waldemar Carlo, Douglas Diekema, Andrew Freedman, Lynne Maxwell, Steven Wegner, Charles LeBaron, Lesley Atwood & Sabrina Craigo - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (7):442-443.
    The American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force on Circumcision published its policy statement and technical report on newborn circumcision in September 2012.1 ,2 Since that time, some individuals and groups have voiced objections to the work of the Task Force, while others have conveyed their support. The AAP task force is pleased that the policy statement and technical reports on circumcision have stimulated debate on this topic and welcomes respectful discussion and dialogue about the scientific and ethical issues that surround (...)
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  16.  16
    End-of-Life Decision Making Across Cultures.Robert H. Blank - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (2):201-214.
    As is evident from the other articles in this special issue, end-of-life treatment has engendered a vigorous dialogue in the United States over the past few decades because decision making at the end of life raises broad and difficult ethical issues that touch on health professionals, patients, and their families. This concern is exacerbated by the high cost related to the end of life in the U.S. Moreover, in light of demographic patterns, progressively scarce health care resources, and an expanding (...)
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  17. Carlos Cardona, "Metafísica del bien y del mal".Carlos I. Massini Correas - 1989 - Analogía Filosófica: Revista de Filosofía, Investigación y Difusión 3 (2):143.
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  18.  17
    Interview: Carlos Fuentes.Carlos Fuentes & Jonathan Tittler - 1980 - Diacritics 10 (3):46.
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  19. Carlos J. Moya " Moral Responsibility. The Ways of Scepticism".Carlos Thiebaut Luis - 2007 - Critica 39 (117):87-96.
     
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  20. The Nature of Dynamical Explanation.Carlos Zednik - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (2):238-263.
    The received view of dynamical explanation is that dynamical cognitive science seeks to provide covering law explanations of cognitive phenomena. By analyzing three prominent examples of dynamicist research, I show that the received view is misleading: some dynamical explanations are mechanistic explanations, and in this way resemble computational and connectionist explanations. Interestingly, these dynamical explanations invoke the mathematical framework of dynamical systems theory to describe mechanisms far more complex and distributed than the ones typically considered by philosophers. Therefore, contemporary dynamicist (...)
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  21.  1
    Ph.D. Carlos Herrera de la Fuente.Carlos Herrera de la Fuente - 2021 - International Journal of Žižek Studies 15 (1).
    Open Letter to Comrade Žižek is an attempt to question and highlight some incongruous points that Slavoj Žižek, one of the greatest critics of capitalism and its ideological effects in the contemporary world, expressed in his latest books about the Pandemics. The text focuses in the economic, political, social and cultural consequences of Žižek’s position and goes further in developing another position related to the spread of COVID-19 and the preventive measures to fight it.
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  22. Por qué importa la filosofía hoy? A propósito de una propuesta de Carlos Peña.Carlos Araos San Martín - 2019 - Revista de Filosofía 76:237-243.
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  23.  22
    Mary Astell on Flattery and Self-Esteem.A. Blank - 2015 - The Monist 98 (1):53-63.
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  24.  12
    Alzheimer's Disease — Perspective From Political Science: Public Policy Issues.Robert H. Blank - 2018 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 46 (3):724-743.
    The paper outlines the policy context and summarizes the numerous policy issues that AD raises from the more generic to the unique. It posits that strong public fears of AD and its future prevalence projections and costs, raise increasingly difficult policy dilemmas. After reviewing the costs in human lives and money and discussing the latest U.S. policy initiatives, the paper presents two policy areas as examples the demanding policy decisions we face. The first focuses on the basic regulatory function of (...)
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  25.  16
    Exploring the Symbolic/Subsymbolic Continuum: A Case Study of RAAM.Douglas S. Blank, Lisa A. Meeden & James B. Marshall - 1992 - In J. Dinsmore (ed.), The Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms: Closing the Gap. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 113--148.
  26.  9
    Anne‐Thérèse de Lambert on Aging and Self‐Esteem.Andreas Blank - 2018 - Hypatia 33 (2):289-304.
    This article studies Madame de Lambert's early eighteenth-century views on aging, and especially the aging of women, by contextualizing them in a twofold way: It understands them as a response to La Rochefoucauld's skepticism concerning aging, women, and the aging of women; It understands them as being closely connected to a long series of scattered remarks concerning esteem, self-esteem, and honnêteté in Lambert's moral essays. Whereas La Rochefoucauld describes aging as a decline of intellectual, emotional, and physical powers and is (...)
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  27.  35
    Changing Likes and Dislikes Through the Back Door: The US-Revaluation Effect.Eva Walther, Bertram Gawronski, Hartmut Blank & Tina Langer - 2009 - Cognition and Emotion 23 (5):889-917.
  28.  61
    Julius Caesar Scaliger on Corpuscles and the Vacuum.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Perspectives on Science 16 (2):pp. 137-159.
    This paper investigates the relationship between some corpuscularian and Aristotelian strands that run through the thought of the sixteenth-century philosopher and physician Julius Caesar Scaliger. Scaliger often uses the concepts of corpuscles, pores, and vacuum. At the same time, he also describes mixture as involving the fusion of particles into a continuous body. The paper explores how Scaliger’s combination of corpuscularian and non-corpuscularian views is shaped, in substantial aspects, by his response to the views on corpuscles and the vacuum in (...)
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  29.  98
    Solving the Black Box Problem: A Normative Framework for Explainable Artificial Intelligence.Carlos Zednik - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology:1-24.
    Many of the computing systems programmed using Machine Learning are opaque: it is difficult to know why they do what they do or how they work. The Explainable AI research program aims to develop analytic techniques that render opaque computing systems transparent, but lacks a normative framework with which to evaluate these techniques’ explanatory contributions. The aim of the present discussion is to develop such a framework, paying particular attention to different stakeholders’ distinct explanatory requirements. Building on an analysis of (...)
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  30.  62
    Material Points and Formal Concepts in the Early Wittgenstein.Andreas Blank - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):245-261.
    In an influential article, Gerd Grasshoff has argued for the identification of the objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus with the ultimate constituents of reality in Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. Grasshoff's interpretation is based on two interrelated claims: The specific determination of the objects in the world and the relation among them is the primary theme in Wittgenstein's early philosophy, because it is the primary theme for Hertz. Wittgenstein did not assume the existence of simple objects on purely logical grounds without (...)
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  31.  23
    Fortunio Liceti on Mind, Light, and Immaterial Extension.Andreas Blank - 2013 - Perspectives on Science 21 (3):358-378.
    In the history of seventeenth-century philosophy, the distinction between material and immaterial extension is closely associated with the Cambridge Platonist Henry More (1614–1687). The aspect of More’s conception of immaterial extension that proved most influential is his theory of absolute divine space. Very plausibly, the Newtonian conception of space owes a great deal to More’s views on space. More’s views on space in turn were closely linked to his views on the nature of individual spirits—the souls of brutes and humans, (...)
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  32.  14
    Material Points and Formal Concepts in the Early Wittgenstein.Andreas Blank - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (2):245-261.
    In an influential article, Gerd Grasshoff has argued for the identification of the objects in Wittgenstein's Tractatus with the ultimate constituents of reality in Heinrich Hertz's Principles of Mechanics. Grasshoff's interpretation is based on two interrelated claims: The specific determination of the objects in the world and the relation among them is the primary theme in Wittgenstein's early philosophy, because it is the primary theme for Hertz. Wittgenstein did not assume the existence of simple objects on purely logical grounds without (...)
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  33.  21
    Esperanza Santos y José Carlos Bermejo. Counselling y cuidados paliativos. Bilbao: Desclée de Brouwer-Centro de Humanización de la Salud, 2015, 164 pp. ISBN: 978-84-330-2786-3. [REVIEW]Carlos Alberto Rosas Jiménez - 2019 - Persona y Bioética 23 (1).
    Counselling y cuidados paliativos es el título del libro que conjuntamente decidieron escribir la doctora Esperanza Santos y el profesor José Carlos Bermejo. En esta obra de fácil lectura y con consejos muy prácticos y útiles, se presentan elementos fundamentales para brindar un acompañamiento de óptima calidad en el cuidado paliativo, así como la posibilidad de hacer un autoexamen de cómo los cuidadores de los pacientes vienen prestando sus servicios e incluso para no caer en burnout. Este libro es (...)
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  34.  17
    The Rabbit and The Duck: Antinomic Unity in Dostoevskij, the Russian Religious Tradition, and Mikhail Bakhtin.Ksana Blank - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (1-2):21-37.
    At the core of Dostoevskij's philosophy and theology lies a concept according to which the Truth is antinomical: it contains both a thesis and its antithesis without expectation of synthesis. This concept can be traced to Eastern Patristics. After Dostoevskij, the theory of antinomies was elaborated by 20th century Russian religious thinkers such as Pavel Florenskij, Sergej Bulgakov, Nikolaj Berdjaev, Semën Frank, and Vladimir Losskij. Their ideas help us to understand that Dostoevskij's dialogism, made famous in its secular guise by (...)
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  35.  40
    Book Review. "Counselling y cuidados paliativos". Esperanza Santos y José Carlos Bermejo.Carlos Alberto Rosas Jimenez - 2019 - Persona y Bioética 1 (23):137-139.
    Counselling y cuidados paliativos es el título del libro escrito por la doctora Esperanza Santos y el profesor José Carlos Bermejo. En esta obra, de fácil lectura y con consejos muy prácticos y útiles, se presentan elementos fundamentales para brindar un acompañamiento de óptima calidad en el cuidado paliativo, así como la posibilidad de hacer un autoexamen de cómo los cuidadores de los pacientes prestan sus servicios e incluso para no caer en burnout. Este libro es de gran utilidad, (...)
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  36.  10
    First Page Preview.Andreas Blank, Leibniz Metaphilosophy, David Bostock, Time Space, Girolamo Cardano, Immortalitate Animorum De, Daniel Carey & Shaftesbury Locke - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (3).
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  37. On the Logic of Theory Change: Partial Meet Contraction and Revision Functions.Carlos E. Alchourrón, Peter Gärdenfors & David Makinson - 1985 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 50 (2):510-530.
    This paper extends earlier work by its authors on formal aspects of the processes of contracting a theory to eliminate a proposition and revising a theory to introduce a proposition. In the course of the earlier work, Gardenfors developed general postulates of a more or less equational nature for such processes, whilst Alchourron and Makinson studied the particular case of contraction functions that are maximal, in the sense of yielding a maximal subset of the theory (or alternatively, of one of (...)
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  38.  13
    Material Souls and Imagination in Late Aristotelian Embryology.Andreas Blank - 2010 - Annals of Science 67 (2):187-204.
    This article explores some continuities between Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. In particular, it argues that there is an interesting consilience between some accounts of the role of imagination in trait acquisition in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian embryology. Evidence for this thesis is presented using the extensive biological writings of the Padua-based philosopher and physician, Fortunio Liceti . Like the Cartesian physiologists, Liceti believed that animal souls are material beings and that acts of imagination result in material images that can (...)
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  39.  18
    The Blank Face of Love: The Possibility of Goodness in the Literary and Philosophical Work of Iris Murdoch1.Jennifer Spencer Goodyer - 2009 - Modern Theology 25 (2):217-237.
  40.  27
    Socratics Versus Sophists on Payment for Teaching.David L. Blank - 1985 - Classical Antiquity 4 (1):1-49.
  41.  55
    The Rabbit and the Duck : Antinomic Unity in Dostoevskij, the Russian Religious Tradition, and Mikhail Bakhtin.Ksana Blank - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (1-2):21 - 37.
    At the core of Dostoevskij's philosophy and theology lies a concept according to which the Truth (Istina) is antinomical: it contains both a thesis and its antithesis without expectation of synthesis. This concept can be traced to Eastern Patristics. After Dostoevskij, the theory of antinomies was elaborated by 20th century Russian religious thinkers such as Pavel Florenskij, Sergej Bulgakov, Nikolaj Berdjaev, Semën Frank, and Vladimir Losskij. Their ideas help us to understand that Dostoevskij's dialogism, made famous in its secular guise (...)
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  42.  24
    Solving the Black Box Problem: A Normative Framework for Explainable Artificial Intelligence.Carlos Zednik - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology:1-24.
    Many of the computing systems programmed using Machine Learning are opaque: it is difficult to know why they do what they do or how they work. Explainable Artificial Intelligence aims to develop analytic techniques that render opaque computing systems transparent, but lacks a normative framework with which to evaluate these techniques’ explanatory successes. The aim of the present discussion is to develop such a framework, paying particular attention to different stakeholders’ distinct explanatory requirements. Building on an analysis of “opacity” from (...)
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  43.  12
    Blank Darkness: Africanist Discourse in French.Timothy Raser & Christopher Miller - 1992 - Substance 21 (3):115.
  44. Hombre y naturaleza, de Carlos París.Carlos Mínguez Pérez - 1971 - Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):162-163.
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  45.  24
    Mechanisms in Cognitive Science.Carlos Zednik - 2017 - In Phyllis McKay Illari & Stuart Glennan (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 389-400.
    This chapter subsumes David Marr’s levels of analysis account of explanation in cognitive science under the framework of mechanistic explanation: Answering the questions that define each one of Marr’s three levels is tantamount to describing the component parts and operations of mechanisms, as well as their organization, behavior, and environmental context. By explicating these questions and showing how they are answered in several different cognitive science research programs, this chapter resolves some of the ambiguities that remain in Marr’s account, and (...)
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  46.  20
    Beyond the Blank Slate: Routes to Learning New Coordination Patterns Depend on the Intrinsic Dynamics of the Learner—Experimental Evidence and Theoretical Model.Viviane Kostrubiec, Pier-Giorgio Zanone, Armin Fuchs & J. A. Scott Kelso - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  47.  7
    Justice and the Eclecticism of Protestant Ethics, 1580-1610.Andreas Blank - 2008 - Studia Leibnitiana 40 (2):223 - 238.
    Theorien von Gerechtigkeit als einer ethischen Tugend spielen eine große Rolle in der protestantischen Ethik vor dem Dreißigjährigen Krieg. Eines der hervorstechenden Merkmale dieser Theorien ist ihr eklektischer Charakter: Sie verbinden Elemente aus verschiedenen Traditionen der antiken Tugendethik, vor allem der platonischen, aristotelischen und stoischen. Die Gerechtigkeitstheorien von protestantischen Philosophen wie Rudolph Goclenius, Clemens Timpler und Bartholomäus Keckermann illustrieren gut dokumentierte Merkmale des frühneuzeitlichen Eklektizismus wie die Rolle der Reinterpretation von ausgewählten Lehrstücken und die konziliatorische Strategie, scheinbare Widersprüche zwischen verschiedenen (...)
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  48.  53
    Wittgenstein on Verification and Seeing-As, 1930–1932.Andreas Blank - 2011 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 54 (6):614 - 632.
    Abstract This article examines the little-explored remarks on verification in Wittgenstein's notebooks during the period between 1930 and 1932. In these remarks, Wittgenstein connects a verificationist theory of meaning with the notion of logical multiplicity, understood as a space of possibilities: a proposition is verified by a fact if and only if the proposition and the fact have the same logical multiplicity. But while in his early philosophy logical multiplicities were analysed as an outcome of the formal properties of simple (...)
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  49.  52
    Are Systems Neuroscience Explanations Mechanistic?Carlos Zednik - unknown
    Whereas most branches of neuroscience are thought to provide mechanistic explanations, systems neuroscience is not. Two reasons are traditionally cited in support of this conclusion. First, systems neuroscientists rarely, if ever, rely on the dual strategies of decomposition and localization. Second, they typically emphasize organizational properties over the properties of individual components. In this paper, I argue that neither reason is conclusive: researchers might rely on alternative strategies for mechanism discovery, and focusing on organization is often appropriate and consistent with (...)
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  50.  9
    Blank-Trial Probes and Introtacts in Human Discrimination Learning.David Karpf & Marvin Levine - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (1):51.
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