Results for 'Carol Hampton'

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  1.  18
    Probing “Pop-Out”: Another Look at the Face-in-the-Crowd Effect.Carol Hampton, Dean G. Purcell, Louis Bersine, Christine H. Hansen & Ranald D. Hansen - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (6):563-566.
  2. Cooperating and Contracting: A Reply to I. Haji' s "Hampton on Hobbes on State-of-Nature Cooperation".Jean Hampton - 1991 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 51 (3):603-609.
  3.  11
    The Wisdom of the Egoist: The Moral and Political Implications of Valuing the Self*: Jean Hampton.Jean Hampton - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):21-51.
    There is a traditional understanding of what morality is, an under-standing that most contemporary moral philosophers take for granted. This understanding is not itself a theory, but rather an account of the phenomenon of morality, to which these philosophers have thought any theory of the phenomenon must conform if it is to be considered successful as either an explanation or a justification of our moral life. According to this account, there are three prominent features that, together, characterize the moral: First, (...)
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  4.  90
    The Authority of Reason.Jean E. Hampton - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    This challenging and provocative book argues against much contemporary orthodoxy in philosophy and the social sciences by showing why objectivity in the domain of ethics is really no different from the objectivity of scientific knowledge. Many philosophers and social scientists have challenged the idea that we act for objectively authoritative reasons. Jean Hampton takes up the challenge by undermining two central assumptions of this contemporary orthodoxy: that one can understand instrumental reasons without appeal to objective authority, and that the (...)
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  5. Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition.Jean Hampton - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    This major study of Hobbes's political philosophy draws on recent developments in game and decision theory to explore whether the thrust of the argument in Leviathan, that it is in the interests of the people to create a ruler with absolute power, can be shown to be cogent. Professor Hampton has written a book of vital importance to political philosophers, political and social scientists, and intellectual historians.
  6. Political Philosophy.Jean Hampton - 1997 - Westview Press.
    Political philosophy, perhaps even more than other branches of philosophy, calls for constant renewal to reflect not just re-readings of the tradition but also the demands of current events. In this lively and readable survey, Jean Hampton has created a text for our time that does justice both to the great traditions of the field and to the newest developments. In a marvelous feat of synthesis, she links the classical tradition, the giants of the modern period, the dominant topics (...)
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  7. The Intrinsic Worth of Persons: Contractarianism in Moral and Political Philosophy.Jean Hampton - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Contractarianism in some form has been at the center of recent debates in moral and political philosophy. Jean Hampton was one of the most gifted philosophers involved in these debates and provided both important criticisms of prominent contractarian theories plus powerful defenses and applications of the core ideas of contractarianism. In these essays, she brought her distinctive approach, animated by concern for the intrinsic worth of persons, to bear on topics such as guilt, punishment, self-respect, family relations, and the (...)
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  8. Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition.Jean Hampton - 1988 - Cambridge University Press.
    This major study of Hobbes' political philosophy draws on recent developments in game and decision theory to explore whether the thrust of the argument in Leviathan, that it is in the interests of the people to create a ruler with absolute power, can be shown to be cogent. Professor Hampton has written a book of vital importance to political philosophers, political and social scientists, and intellectual historians.
     
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  9.  25
    Political Philosophy.George Sher & Jean Hampton - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):87.
    This book, which was completed just before Jean Hampton’s untimely death in April 1996, is an admirable hybrid. Although it successfully achieves its stated purpose of “acquaint[ing] the student of political philosophy both with [its] questions and with the various answers to them proposed by philosophers since the ancient Greeks”, it is, at the same time, quite an original work—one that can be read with real profit by professional philosophers as well as students.
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  10.  20
    Pleasure, Knowledge, and Being: An Analysis of Plato's Philebus.Cynthia HAMPTON - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    Hampton illumines the overall structure of the Philebus. Taking the interrelations of pleasure, knowledge, and being as the keys to understanding the unity of the dialogue, she focuses on the central point.
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  11. Selflessness and the Loss of Self.Jean Hampton - 1993 - Social Philosophy and Policy 10 (1):135-16.
    Sacrificing one's own interests in order to serve another is, in general, supposed to be a good thing, an example of altruism, the hallmark of morality, and something we should commend to (but not always require of) the entirely-too-selfish human beings of our society. But let me recount a story that I hope will persuade the reader to start questioning this conventional philosophical wisdom. Last year, a friend of mine was talking with me about a mutual acquaintance whose two sons (...)
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  12.  34
    Typicality, Graded Membership, and Vagueness.James A. Hampton - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (3):355-384.
  13. The Moral Education Theory of Punishment.Jean Hampton - 1984 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 13 (3):208-238.
  14. Should Political Philosophy Be Done Without Metaphysics?Jean Hampton - 1989 - Ethics 99 (4):791-814.
    In this paper, The author discusses rawls's recent argument that the aim of political philosophy is not the pursuit of truth but of "free agreement, Reconciliation through public reason" designed to forge an "overlapping consensus." although the author is prepared to agree that political philosophy should sometimes have this goal, She maintains that there are metaphysical commitments about the nature of human beings underlying philosophy itself which commit the political philosophers to pursuing conditions of freedom and equal respect for all, (...)
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  15. Does Hume Have an Instrumental Conception of Practical Reason?Jean Hampton - 1995 - Hume Studies 21 (1):57-74.
    Many philosophers and social scientists regard the instrumental theory of practical reason as highly plausible, and standardly credit David Hume as the first philosopher to formulate this conception of reason clearly. Yet Hume does not advocate the instrumental conception of practical reason as that conception is normally understood by contemporary theorists who endorse it. Instead, Hume's view is that there is no such thing as "practical reason", that is, no such thing as a form of reason that has either motivational (...)
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  16.  93
    The Failure of Expected-Utility Theory as a Theory of Reason.Jean Hampton - 1994 - Economics and Philosophy 10 (2):195.
    Expected-utility theory has been a popular and influential theory in philosophy, law, and the social sciences. While its original developers, von Neumann and Morgenstern, presented it as a purely predictive theory useful to the practitioners of economic science, many subsequent theorists, particularly those outside of economics, have come to endorse EU theory as providing us with a representation of reason. But precisely in what sense does EU theory portray reason? And does it do so successfully? There are two strikingly different (...)
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  17. Contracts and Choices: Does Rawls Have a Social Contract Theory?Jean Hampton - 1980 - Journal of Philosophy 77 (6):315-338.
  18. Free-Rider Problems in the Production of Collective Goods.Jean Hampton - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (2):245.
    There has been a persistent tendency to identify what is called “the freerider problem” in the production of collective goods with the prisoner's dilemma. However, in this article I want to challenge that identification by presenting an analysis of what are in fact a variety of collective action problems in the production of collective goods. My strategy is not to consult any intuitions about what the free-rider problem is; rather I will be looking at the problematic game-theoretic structures of various (...)
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  19. Can Rhesus Monkeys Discriminate Between Remembering and Forgetting?Robert R. Hampton - 2005 - In Herbert S. Terrace & Janet Metcalfe (eds.), The Missing Link in Cognition: Origins of Self-Reflective Consciousness. Oxford University Press.
     
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  20. Rules and Similarity – a False Dichotomy.James A. Hampton - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):26-26.
    Unless restricted to explicitly held, sharable beliefs that control and justify a person's behavior, the notion of a rule has little value as an explanatory concept. Similarity-based processing is a general characteristic of the mind-world interface where internal processes (including explicitly represented rules) act on the external world. The distinction between rules and similarity is therefore misconceived.
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  21. The Curious Case of the Refrigerator–TV: Similarity and Hybridization.Michael Gibbert, James A. Hampton, Zachary Estes & David Mazursky - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):992-1018.
    This article examines the role of similarity in the hybridization of concepts, focusing on hybrid products as an applied test case. Hybrid concepts found in natural language, such as singer songwriter, typically combine similar concepts, whereas dissimilar concepts rarely form hybrids. The hybridization of dissimilar concepts in products such as jogging shoe mp3 player and refrigerator TV thus poses a challenge for understanding the process of conceptual combination. It is proposed that models of conceptual combination can throw light on the (...)
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  22. Conjunctions of Social Categories Considered From Different Points of View.James A. Hampton, Margaret Dillane, Laura Oren & Louise Worgan - 2011 - Anthropology and Philosophy 10:31-57.
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  23. Concepts and Prototypes.James A. Hampton - 2000 - Mind and Language 15 (2-3):299-307.
  24.  38
    Rethinking Reason.Jean Hampton - 1992 - American Philosophical Quarterly 29 (3):219 - 236.
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  25.  53
    Can Evolutionary Psychology Learn From the Instinct Debate?Simon J. Hampton - 2006 - History of the Human Sciences 19 (4):57-74.
    The concept of instinct espoused in psychology in the early 20th century and the contemporary concept of psychological adaptation invite comparison. Definitions of both employ the notions of inheritance, selection, functional specificity, and species typicality. This article examines how psychologists before the rise of behaviourism sought to establish instinct as a psychological phenomenon. One of the consequences of doing so was a decoupling of psychological and physiological forms of instinct. This led to a failure of constraint in the usage of (...)
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  26.  36
    Evidence-Based Medicine, Opinion-Based Medicine, and Real-World Medicine.John R. Hampton - 2002 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 45 (4):549-568.
  27.  69
    The Wisdom of the Egoist: The Moral and Political Implications of Valuing the Self.Jean Hampton - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):21.
    There is a traditional understanding of what morality is, an under-standing that most contemporary moral philosophers take for granted. This understanding is not itself a theory, but rather an account of the phenomenon of morality, to which these philosophers have thought any theory of the phenomenon must conform if it is to be considered successful as either an explanation or a justification of our moral life. According to this account, there are three prominent features that, together, characterize the moral: First, (...)
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  28.  47
    Conceptual Combination: Extension and Intension. Commentary on Aerts, Gabora, and Sozzo.James A. Hampton - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):53-57.
    Aerts et al. provide a valuable model to capture the interactive nature of conceptual combination in conjunctions and disjunctions. The commentary provides a brief review of the interpretation of these interactions that has been offered in the literature, and argues for a closer link between the more traditional account in terms of concept intensions, and the parameters that emerge from the fitting of the Quantum Probability model.
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  29.  69
    Hobbes and Ethical Naturalism.Jean Hampton - 1992 - Philosophical Perspectives 6:333-353.
  30. Hobbes's State of War.Jean Hampton - 1985 - Topoi 4 (1):47-60.
  31.  18
    Adaptations for Nothing in Particular.Simon J. Hampton - 2004 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 34 (1):35–53.
    An element of the contemporary dispute amongst evolution minded psychologists and social scientists hinges on the conception of mind as being adapted as opposed to adaptive. This dispute is not trivial. The possibility that human minds are both adapted and adaptive courtesy of selection pressures that were social in nature is of particular interest to a putative evolutionary social psychology. I suggest that the notion of an evolved psychological adaptation in social psychology can be retained only if it is accepted (...)
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  32.  52
    Mensrea.Jean Hampton - 1990 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (2):1.
    Accusing, condemning, and avenging are part of our daily life. However, a review of many years of literature attempting to analyze our blaming practices suggests that we do not understand very well what we are doing when we judge people culpable for a wrong they have committed. Of course, everyone agrees that, for example, someone deserves censure and punishment when she is guilty of a wrong, and the law has traditionally looked for a mens rea, or “guilty mind,” in order (...)
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  33.  51
    Pleasure, Truth and Being in Plato's Philebus: A Reply to Professor Frede.Cynthia Hampton - 1987 - Phronesis 32 (1):253-262.
  34.  15
    Quantum Probability and Conceptual Combination in Conjunctions.James A. Hampton - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):290 - 291.
    I consider the general problem of category conjunctions in the light of Pothos & Busemeyer (P&B)'s quantum probability (QP) account of the conjunction fallacy. I argue that their account as presented cannot capture the – the case in which a class is a better member of a conjunction A^B than it is of either A or B alone.
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  35.  57
    The Nature of Immorality.Jean Hampton - 1989 - Social Philosophy and Policy 7 (1):22.
    This article is concerned with the nature of individual moral failure. This has not been a standard issue for exploration in moral philosophy, where questions surrounding moral success have been more popular: in particular, the questions “What is it to do the moral thing?” and “Why am I supposed to do the moral thing?” I want to change the subject and pursue answers to three importantly related questions about people's failure to be moral. First, I want to explore an issue (...)
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  36.  32
    Concept Talk Cannot Be Avoided.James A. Hampton - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):212-213.
    Distinct systems for representing concepts as prototypes, exemplars, and theories are closely integrated in the mind, and the notion of concept is required as a framework for exploring this integration. Eliminating the term from our theories will hinder rather than promote scientific progress.
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  37.  12
    Spontaneous Behavior of a Rhesus Monkey (Macaca Mulatta) During Memory Tests Suggests Memory Awareness.Robert R. Hampton & Benjamin M. Hampstead - 2006 - Behavioural Processes 72 (2):184-189.
  38.  24
    Evidence‐Based Medicine, Practice Variations and Clinical Freedom.J. R. Hampton - 1997 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 3 (2):123-131.
  39.  33
    Metacognition as Evidence for Explicit Representation in Nonhumans.Robert Russell Hampton - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):346-347.
    Metacognition is either direct, as when information is recalled before making a confidence judgment, or indirect, as when the probability of successful future retrieval is determined inferentially. Direct metacognition may require an explicit mental representation as its object and can only be demonstrated under specific experimental circumstances. Other forms of metacognition can be based on publicly observable stimuli rather than introspection.
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  40.  32
    Plato’s Late Ontology.Cynthia Hampton - 1988 - Ancient Philosophy 8 (1):105-116.
  41.  13
    Time Judgment and Body Temperature.R. H. Fox, Pamela A. Bradbury & I. F. Hampton - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):88.
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  42.  12
    Nontherapeutic Circumcision is Ethically Bankrupt.Wayne F. Hampton - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (2):21 – 22.
  43.  59
    The Contractarian Explanation of the State.Jean Hampton - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):344-371.
  44.  34
    The Social Basis of Consciousness. By Trigant Burrow M.D., Ph.D., (London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trübner & Co., 1927. Pp. Xviii + 256. Price 12s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW]F. A. Hampton - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (11):390-.
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  45.  24
    Can We Agree on Morals? [REVIEW]Jean Hampton - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):331-355.
  46.  56
    The Limits of Hobbesian Contractarianism, Jody Krauss, Cambridge University Press, 1993, 334 + Ix Pages.Jean Hampton - 1996 - Economics and Philosophy 12 (1):125.
  47.  9
    Review: Can We Agree on Morals? [REVIEW]Jean Hampton - 1988 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 18 (2):331 - 355.
  48.  29
    Staying in Touch: Externalism Needs Descriptions.James A. Hampton - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (1):74-74.
    Externalism cannot work as a theory of concepts without explaining how we reidentify substances as being of the same kind. Yet this process implies just the level of descriptive content to which externalism seeks to deny a role in conceptual content.
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  49.  21
    Multiple Review.James Hampton - 1987 - Mind and Language 2 (3):264-269.
  50.  35
    Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Comments on "Hobbes' Social Contract".Jean Hampton - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):85-86.
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