Results for 'Carol Thornton'

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  1.  75
    The Institutional Logics Perspective: A New Approach to Culture, Structure, and Process.Patricia H. Thornton - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    Introduction to the Institutional Logics Perspective -- Precursors to the Institutional Logics Perspective -- Defining the Inter-institutional System -- The Emergence, Stability and Change of the Inter-institutional System -- Micro-Foundations of Institutional Logics -- The Dynamics of Organizational Practices and Identities -- The Emergence and Evolution of Field-Level Logics -- Implications for Future Research.
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  2.  73
    Change Detection Without Awareness: Do Explicit Reports Underestimate the Representation of Change in the Visual System?Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton - 2000 - Visual Cognition 7 (1):323-344.
    Evidence from many different paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integration) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. In four experiments we use modified change blindness tasks to demonstrate (a) that sensitivity to change does occur in the absence of awareness, and (b) this sensitivity does not rely on (...)
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  3. Representation of Change: Separate Electrophysiological Markers of Attention, Awareness, and Implicit Processing.Diego Fernandez-Duque, Giordana Grossi, Ian Thornton & Helen Neville - 2003 - Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 15 (4):491-507.
    & Awareness of change within a visual scene only occurs in subjects were aware of, replicated those attentional effects, but the presence of focused attention. When two versions of a.
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  4.  67
    Trading Spaces: Computation, Representation, and the Limits of Uninformed Learning.Andy Clark & S. Thornton - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):57-66.
    Some regularities enjoy only an attenuated existence in a body of training data. These are regularities whose statistical visibility depends on some systematic recoding of the data. The space of possible recodings is, however, infinitely large type-2 problems. they are standardly solved! This presents a puzzle. How, given the statistical intractability of these type-2 cases, does nature turn the trick? One answer, which we do not pursue, is to suppose that evolution gifts us with exactly the right set of recoding (...)
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  5.  68
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry.Tim Thornton - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry is a concise introduction to the growing field of philosophy of psychiatry. Divided into three main aspects of psychiatric clinical judgement, values, meanings and facts, it examines the key debates about mental health care, and the philosophical ideas and tools needed to assess those debates, in six chapters. In addition to outlining the state of play, Essential Philosophy of Psychiatry presents a coherent and unified approach across the different debates, characterized by a rejection of reductionism and (...)
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  6.  26
    An Implicit Measure of Undetected Change.Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque - 2000 - Spatial Vision 14 (1):21-44.
    b>—Several paradigms (e.g. change blindness, inattentional blindness, transsaccadic integra- tion) indicate that observers are often very poor at reporting changes to their visual environment. Such evidence has been used to suggest that the spatio-temporal coherence needed to represent change can only occur in the presence of focused attention. However, those studies almost always rely on explicit reports. It remains a possibility that the visual system can implicitly detect change, but that in the absence of focused attention, the change does not (...)
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  7.  2
    Tacit Knowledge as the Unifying Factor in Evidence Based Medicine and Clinical Judgement.Tim Thornton - 2006 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 1 (1):2.
    The paper outlines the role that tacit knowledge plays in what might seem to be an area of knowledge that can be made fully explicit or codified and which forms a central element of Evidence Based Medicine. Appeal to the role the role of tacit knowledge in science provides a way to unify the tripartite definition of Evidence Based Medicine given by Sackett et al: the integration of best research evidence with clinical expertise and patient values. Each of these three (...)
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  8.  36
    Trading Spaces: Computation, Representation, and the Limits of Uninformed Learning.Andy Clark & Chris Thornton - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):57-66.
  9. Silence on Gays and Lesbians in Social Studies Curriculum.Stephen J. Thornton - 2008 - In David J. Flinders & Stephen J. Thornton (eds.), The Curriculum Studies Reader. Routledge.
  10.  80
    McCuinness, Diane. When Children Don't Learn: Understanding the Biology and Psychology of Learning Disabilities.Stephanie Thornton - 1987 - Cognitive Science 11 (4):522-524.
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  11.  79
    Why the Idea of Framework Propositions Cannot Contribute to an Understanding of Delusions.Tim Thornton - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):159-175.
    One of the tasks that recent philosophy of psychiatry has taken upon itself is to extend the range of understanding to some of those aspects of psychopathology that Jaspers deemed beyond its limits. Given the fundamental difficulties of offering a literal interpretation of the contents of primary delusions, a number of alternative strategies have been put forward including regarding them as abnormal versions of framework propositions described by Wittgenstein in On Certainty. But although framework propositions share some of the apparent (...)
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  12.  52
    Wittgenstein and the Limits of Empathic Understanding in Psychopathology.Tim Thornton - 2004 - International Review of Psychiatry.
    Summary The aim of this paper is three-fold. Firstly, to briefly set out how strategic choices made about theorising about intentionality or content have actions at a distance for accounting for delusion. Secondly, to investigate how successfully a general difficulty facing a broadly interpretative approach to delusions might be eased by the application of any of three Wittgensteinian interpretative tools. Thirdly, to draw a general moral about how the later Wittgenstein gives more reason to be pessimistic than optimistic about the (...)
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  13. Locke's Criticism of Wittgenstein.M. T. Thornton - 1969 - Philosophical Quarterly 19 (76):266-271.
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  14. Double Brain, Double Person?M. Thornton - 1994 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (2):761-763.
  15. Psychiatric Explanation and Understanding.Tim Thornton - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):95-111.
    Jaspers’s binary distinction between understanding and explanation has given way first to a proliferation of explanatory levels and now, in John Campbell’s recent work, to a conception of explanation with no distinct levels of explanation and no inbuilt rationality requirement. I argue that there is still a role for understanding in psychiatry and that is to demystify the assumption that the states it concerns are mental. This role can be fulfilled by placing rationality at the heart of understanding without a (...)
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  16. Determinism and Moral Reactive Attitudes.J. C. Thornton - 1969 - Ethics 79 (July):283-297.
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  17.  69
    Thought Insertion, Cognitivism, and Inner Space.Tim Thornton - 2002 - Cognitive Neuropsychiatry.
    Introduction. Whatever its underlying causes, even the description of the phenomenon of thought insertion, of the content of the delusion, presents difficulty. It may seem that the best hope of a description comes from a broadly cognitivist approach to the mind which construes content-laden mental states as internal mental representations within what is literally an inner space: the space of the brain or nervous system. Such an approach objectifies thoughts in a way which might seem to hold out the prospect (...)
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  18.  31
    Who Gets the Liver Transplant? The Use of Responsibility as the Tie Breaker.V. Thornton - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (12):739-742.
    Is it possible to invoke the use of moral responsibility as part of the selection criteria in the allocation of livers for transplant? Criticism has been applied to the difficulties inherent in including such a criterion and also the effect that employing such a judgement might have upon the relationship between the physician and patient. However, these criticisms rely on speculation and conjecture and do not relate to all the arguments put forward in favour of applying moral responsibility. None of (...)
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  19.  69
    Capacity, Mental Mechanisms, and Unwise Decisions.Tim Thornton - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (2):127-132.
    The notion of capacity implicit in the Mental Capacity Act is subject to a tension between two claims. On the one hand, capacity is assessed relative to a particular decision. It is the capacity to make one kind of judgement, specifically, rather than another. So one can have capacity in one area and not have it in another. On the other hand, capacity is supposed to be independent of the ‘wisdom’ or otherwise of the decision made. (‘A person is not (...)
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  20.  77
    Clinical Trials--A Brave New Partnership?H. Thornton - 1994 - Journal of Medical Ethics 20 (1):19-25.
    The need for informed consent is considered from the patient's viewpoint by an examination of the shortcomings of the UK Ductal Carcinoma In Situ (DCIS) trial and its failure satisfactorily to accrue both profession and patient. The impersonal, negative aspects of the informed consent process in the research situation are contrasted with the positive benefits of confidence fostered by the traditional doctor/patient relationship. The need for new research with a partnership between patient and profession, the necessity for rigorous re-assessment of (...)
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  21. Solipsism and the Problem of Other Minds.Stephen P. Thornton - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  22.  4
    Bioethics Education.Barbara C. Thornton, Daniel Callahan & James Lindemann Nelson - 1993 - Hastings Center Report 23 (1):25-29.
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  23.  78
    State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings.Helen Thornton - 2005 - University of Rochester Press.
    State of nature or Eden? -- Hobbes' state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Hobbes' own belief or unbelief -- The contemporary reaction to Leviathan -- Hobbes and commentaries on Genesis -- A note on method and chapter order -- Good and evil -- Hobbes on good and evil -- The 'seditious doctrines' of the schoolmen -- The contemporary reaction -- The scriptural account -- The state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Equality and (...)
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  24.  88
    Psychopathology and Two Kinds of Narrative Accounts of the Self.Timothy Thornton - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (4):361-367.
  25.  9
    Delusional Atmosphere, the Everyday Uncanny, and the Limits of Secondary Sense.Tim Thornton - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):192-196.
    In Paradoxes of Delusion, Sass aims to use passages from Wittgenstein to characterize the feeling of “mute particularity” that forms a part of delusional atmosphere. I argue that Wittgenstein’s discussion provides no helpful positive account. But his remarks on more everyday cases of the uncanny and the feeling of unreality might seem to promise a better approach via the expressive use of words in secondary sense. I argue that this also is a false hope but that, interestingly, there can be (...)
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  26.  39
    Rundle on Referential Opacity.M. T. Thornton - 1969 - Analysis 29 (4):125 - 128.
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  27.  31
    Converging Evidence for the Detection of Change Without Awareness.Ian Thornton & Diego Fernandez-Duque - 2002 - Progress in Brain Research.
  28. Judgement and the Role of the Metaphysics of Values in Medical Ethics.T. Thornton - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (6):365-370.
    Despite its authors’ intentions, the four principles approach to medical ethics can become crudely algorithmic in practice. The first section sets out the bare bones of the four principles approach drawing out those aspects of Beauchamp and Childress’s Principles of biomedical ethics that encourage this misreading. The second section argues that if the emphasis on the guidance of moral judgement is augmented by a particularist account of what disciplines it, then the danger can be reduced. In the third section, I (...)
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  29. Navigating Negative Quantificational Space.Stephen Crain & Rosalind Thornton - unknown
    This paper reports the findings from an interconnected set of experiments designed to assess children’s knowledge of the semantic interactions between negation and quantified NPs. Our main finding is that young children, unlike adults, systematically interpret these elements on the basis of their position in overt syntax. We argue that this observation can be derived from an interplay between fundamental properties of universal grammar and basic learning principles. We show that even when children’s semantic knowledge appears to differ from that (...)
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  30.  31
    A Catholic Book Chronicle: The Story of P. J. Kenedy & Sons. By Robert C. Healey.Francis Beauchesne Thornton - 1952 - Renascence 4 (2):201-202.
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  31.  85
    Sellars' Scientific Realism: A Reply to Van Fraassen.Mark Thornton - 1981 - Dialogue 20 (1):79-83.
  32.  19
    Karl Popper.Stephen Thornton - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  33. The Philosophy of Psychiatry: A Companion.Tim Thornton - 2004 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
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  34.  15
    Facing Up to Feuerbach.Stephen P. Thornton - 1996 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 39 (2):103 - 120.
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  35.  17
    Trading Spaces: Connectionism and the Limits of Uninformed Learning.Andy Clark & Chris Thornton - unknown
    It is widely appreciated that the difficulty of a particluar computation varies according to how the input data are presented. What is less understood is the effect of this computation/representation tradeoff within familiar learning paradigms. We argue that existing learning algoritms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity, which we call 'type-2' regularity. The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which (...)
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  36.  81
    Reasons and Causes in Philosophy and Psychopathology.Tim Thornton - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (4):307-317.
    This paper examines the account offered by Bolton and Hill (1996) of how reasons can be causes, and thus how symptoms of mental disorders can be both caused and carry meaning. The central problem is to reconcile the causal and rationalizing powers of content-laden mental states. I draw out these two aspects by putting them in the context of recent work in analytical philosophy, including Davidson's token identity theory and his account of mental disorder. The latter, however, can be used (...)
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  37.  40
    Ostensive Terms and Materialism.Mark T. Thornton - 1972 - The Monist 56 (April):193-214.
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  38.  31
    Mental Illness and Reductionism: Can Functions Be Naturalized?Tim Thornton - 2000 - Philosophy Psychiatry and Psychology 9 (1):229-253.
    There has been considerable recent philo- sophical work on the nature of mental illness. Two..
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  39.  28
    Explicit Mechanisms Do Not Account for Implicit Localization and Identification of Change: An Empirical Reply to Mitroff Et Al (2000).Diego Fernandez-Duque & Ian Thornton - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 29 (5).
    Several recent findings support the notion that changes in the environment can be implicitly represented by the visual system. S. R. Mitroff, D. J. Simons, and S. L. Franconeri (2002) challenged this view and proposed alternative interpretations based on explicit strategies. Across 4 experiments, the current study finds no empirical support for such alternative proposals. Experiment 1 shows that subjects do not rely on unchanged items when locating an unaware change. Experiments 2 and 3 show that unaware changes affect performance (...)
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  40.  53
    On the Nature of Money.Mark Thornton - unknown
    into complex society and experienced tremendous economic development and high cultural achievement through the use of money. It has foundered or even been destroyed when money has been undermined. Ignorance of the nature of money should therefore be the central economic issue for society. Frédéric Bastiat was a French businessman who lived during the first half of the nineteenth century (1801–1850). In the last few years of his life he was elected to the national assembly and began a prolific career (...)
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  41.  70
    Sigmund Freud.Stephen P. Thornton - 2001 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  42.  71
    Brave Mobots Use Representation: Emergence of Representation in Fight-or-Flight Learning. [REVIEW]Chris Thornton - 1997 - Minds and Machines 7 (4):475-494.
    The paper uses ideas from Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence and Genetic Algorithms to provide a model of the development of a fight-or-flight response in a simulated agent. The modelled development process involves (simulated) processes of evolution, learning and representation development. The main value of the model is that it provides an illustration of how simple learning processes may lead to the formation of structures which can be given a representational interpretation. It also shows how these may form the infrastructure for (...)
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  43.  20
    Recognizing Semiotic Connections Between Geopolitics, Landscapes, and Communication.Tyler J. Thornton - 2009 - Semiotics:547-560.
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  44.  53
    Relational Learning Re-Examined.Chris Thornton & Andy Clark - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):83-83.
    We argue that existing learning algorithms are often poorly equipped to solve problems involving a certain type of important and widespread regularity that we call “type-2 regularity.” The solution in these cases is to trade achieved representation against computational search. We investigate several ways in which such a trade-off may be pursued including simple incremental learning, modular connectionism, and the developmental hypothesis of “representational redescription.”.
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  45. The Discursive Turn, Social Constructionism, and Dementia.Tim Thornton - 2006 - In Julian C. Hughes, Stephen J. Louw & Steven R. Sabat (eds.), Dementia: Mind, Meaning, and the Person. Oxford University Press.
  46.  16
    Aristotelian Practical Reason.M. T. Thornton - 1982 - Mind 91 (361):57-76.
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  47.  39
    An Intellect in View.Tim Thornton - 2009 - The Philosophers' Magazine 46 (46):108-110.
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  48.  23
    Can the Moral Point of View Be Justified?J. C. Thornton - 1964 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 42 (1):22-34.
    The author attempts a "correct analysis of what 'the moral point of view' is only in so far as it is necessary to do this in order to discuss the problem of its 'justification'." he discusses the views of kurt baier and philippa foot. He concludes that foot and baier have not been able to answer "the so-Called fundamental question of ethics" because it is a "pseudo-Question"; that the rationality of a decision between "moral duty and enlightened self-Interest" rests on (...)
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  49.  18
    Using Hermeneutics to Understand How and Why People Give Meaning to Visual Communication Artifacts.Tyler J. Thornton - 2008 - Semiotics:269-277.
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  50.  35
    Miracles and God's Existence.J. C. Thornton - 1984 - Philosophy 59 (228):219 - 229.
    THE AUTHOR ARGUES THAT THE HUMEAN "A PRIORI" ATTACK ON MIRACLES IS INTENDED TO SHOW THE INCOHERENCE OF THE NOTION OF A WELL-ATTESTED MIRACULOUS EVENT (NOT THE INCOHERENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF A MIRACLE). THOUGH THIS TYPE OF ATTACK CAN BE PRESENTED IN A POWERFUL FORM, IT SUFFERS FROM AN UNDULY NARROW ASSUMPTION CONCERNING THE NATURE OF EVIDENCE AND EXPLANATION, FOR IT "IS" POSSIBLE TO DESCRIBE CIRCUMSTANCES IN WHICH IT WOULD BE REASONABLE TO CONCLUDE THAT A MIRACLE HAS OCCURRED. HOWEVER, (...)
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