Results for 'Caroline Whitebeck'

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  1.  38
    Group Mentoring to Foster the Responsible Conduct of Research.Caroline Whitebeck - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (4):541-558.
    This article reports on a method of group mentoring to strengthen responsible research conduct. A key feature of this approach is joint exploration of the issues by trainees and their faculty research supervisors. These interactions not only help participants learn about current ethical norms for research practice, but also draw on the accumulated experience of faculty and staff about practical problems of research conduct, and help to make faculty more articulate about responsible research conduct and so better able to guide (...)
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  2.  43
    Teaching Ethics in Engineering and Computer Science: A Panel Discussion.Charles Glagola, Moshe Kam, Caroline Whitebeck & Michael C. Loui - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (4):463-480.
    At a conference, two engineering professors and a philosophy professor discussed the teaching of ethics in engineering and computer science. The panelists considered the integration of material on ethics into technical courses, the role of ethical theory in teaching applied ethics, the relationship between cases and codes of ethics, the enlisting of support of engineering faculty, the background needed to teach ethics, and the assessment of student outcomes. Several audience members contributed comments, particularly on teaching ethical theory and on student (...)
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  3. Correspondenz von Leibniz Mit Caroline.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Onno Caroline & Klopp - 1973
     
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  4.  74
    Ethics in Engineering Practice and Research.Caroline Whitbeck - 1998 - Cambridge University Press.
    Engineers encounter difficult ethical problems in their practice and in research. In many ways, these problems are like design problems: they are complex, often ill-defined; resolving them involves an iterative process of analysis and synthesis; and there can be more than one acceptable solution. This book offers a real-world, problem-centered approach to engineering ethics, using a rich collection of open-ended scenarios and case studies to develop skill in recognizing and addressing ethical issues.
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  5.  81
    The Trouble With Dilemmas: Rethinking Applied Ethics.Caroline Whitbeck - 1992 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 1 (1/2):119-142.
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  6. The Analysis of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Lewis Whitebeck - 1942 - Philosophical Review 51 (4):415-417.
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  7.  40
    Contemporary French Philosophy: Modernity and the Persistence of the Subject.Caroline Williams - 2001 - Continuum.
    "Caroline Williams marks what is distinctive about 20th Century French philosophy's interrogation of the subject and demonstrates its historical continuity in a ...
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  8.  19
    A Realist Theory of Science.Caroline Whitbeck - 1977 - Philosophical Review 86 (1):114.
  9.  24
    Milking It for All It’s Worth: Unpalatable Practices, Dairy Cows and Veterinary Work?Caroline Clarke & David Knights - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 176 (4):673-688.
    Viewing animals as a disposable resource is by no means novel, but does milking the cow for all its worth now represent a previously unimaginable level of exploitation? New technology has intensified milk production fourfold over the last 50 years, rendering the cow vulnerable to various and frequent clinical interventions deemed necessary to meet the demands for dairy products. A major question is whether or not the veterinary code of practice fits, or is in ethical tension, with the administration of (...)
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  10. Up Against Foucault: Explorations of Some Tensions Between Foucault and Feminism.Caroline Ramazanoglu (ed.) - 1993 - Routledge.
    Up Against Foucault offers both a feminist critique of Foucauldian theories as well as an attempt to reconcile these seemingly irreconcilable perspectives. Feminists are often "up against Foucault" because he questions key conclusions in feminism regarding the nature of gender relations, and men's possession of power. This book, however, fills the gap in literature about Foucault by showing how his theories of sexuality and power relations are often applicable to the everyday realities of women's lives. Drawing upon their diverse backgrounds (...)
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  11.  41
    The Development of Abstract Syntax: Evidence From Structural Priming and the Lexical Boost.Caroline F. Rowland, Franklin Chang, Ben Ambridge, Julian M. Pine & Elena Vm Lieven - 2012 - Cognition 125 (1):49-63.
  12.  20
    Autobiographical Memory and Hyperassociativity in the Dreaming Brain: Implications for Memory Consolidation in Sleep.Caroline L. Horton & Josie E. Malinowski - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  13. A Theory of Health.Caroline Whitbeck - 1981 - In Arthur L. Caplan, H. Tristram Engelhardt & James J. McCartney (eds.), Concepts of Health and Disease: Interdisciplinary Perspectives. Addison-Wesley, Advanced Book Program/World Science Division. pp. 611--626.
     
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  14. Hasteners and Delayers: Why Rains Don’T Cause Fires.Caroline Torpe Touborg - 2018 - Philosophical Studies (7):1-20.
    We typically judge that hasteners are causes of what they hasten, while delayers are not causes of what they delay. These judgements, I suggest, are sensitive to an underlying metaphysical distinction. To see this, we need to pay attention to a relation that I call positive security-dependence, where an event E security-depends positively on an earlier event C just in case E could more easily have failed to occur if C had not occurred. I suggest that we judge that an (...)
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  15.  97
    The Role of Personal Values in Fair Trade Consumption.Caroline Josephine Doran - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):549-563.
    Research in the U. S. on fair trade consumption is sparse. Therefore, little is known as to what motivates U. S. consumers to buy fair trade products. This study sought to determine which values are salient to American fair trade consumption. The data were gathered via a Web-based version of the Schwartz Value Survey (SVS) and were gleaned from actual consumers who purchase fair trade products from a range of Internet-based fair trade retailers. This study established that indeed there are (...)
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  16.  22
    Dewey on the Question of Community: Or The Community in Question.Carolin Woolson - 1998 - International Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):121-130.
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  17.  9
    A Defense and Definition of Construct Validity in Psychology.Caroline Stone - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1250-1261.
    Psychologists say a measure has construct validity when it, in fact, measures the construct it is intended to measure. Construct validity is both an important notion in psychological research methods and the source of much confusion and debate among psychologists. I argue that this confusion arises, in part, because of a failure to distinguish between construct validity, a feature of measures relative to a construct, and construct legitimacy, a feature of the construct itself. I propose a prescriptive account of construct (...)
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  18.  42
    Understanding Ethical Luxury Consumption Through Practice Theories: A Study of Fine Jewellery Purchases.Caroline Moraes, Marylyn Carrigan, Carmela Bosangit, Carlos Ferreira & Michelle McGrath - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (3):525-543.
    This paper builds on existing research investigating CSR and ethical consumption within luxury contexts, and makes several contributions to the literature. First, it addresses existing knowledge gaps by exploring the ways in which consumers perform ethical luxury purchases of fine jewellery through interpretive research. Second, the paper is the first to examine such issues of consumer ethics by extending the application of theories of practice to a luxury product context, and by building on Magaudda’s :15–36, 2011) circuit of practice framework. (...)
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  19.  4
    Problems and Cases: New Directions in Ethics 1980-1996.Caroline Whitbeck - 1996 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 5 (3):3-16.
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  20. Multiverse Conceptions in Set Theory.Carolin Antos, Sy-David Friedman, Radek Honzik & Claudio Ternullo - 2015 - Synthese 192 (8):2463-2488.
    We review different conceptions of the set-theoretic multiverse and evaluate their features and strengths. In Sect. 1, we set the stage by briefly discussing the opposition between the ‘universe view’ and the ‘multiverse view’. Furthermore, we propose to classify multiverse conceptions in terms of their adherence to some form of mathematical realism. In Sect. 2, we use this classification to review four major conceptions. Finally, in Sect. 3, we focus on the distinction between actualism and potentialism with regard to the (...)
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  21. The Evidential Force of Religious Experience.Caroline Franks Davis - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (4):544-546.
    This clearly presented study examines the nature of religious experiences, and asks whether they can be used as evidence for religious beliefs. The author discusses important philosophical issues raised by religious experience, such as the role of models and metaphors in their description, and the way experiences in general are used as evidence for claims about the world. Using contemporary and classic sources from the world's religions, the author gives an account of different types of religious experience. She also draws (...)
     
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  22. The Free Speech Argument Against Pornography.Caroline West - 2003 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 33 (3):391 - 422.
    It is widely held that free speech is a distinctive and privileged social kind. But what is free speech? In particular, is there any unified phenomenon that is both free speech and which is worthy of the special value traditionally attached to free speech? We argue that a descendent of the classic Millian justification of free speech is in fact a justification of a more general social condition; and, via an argument that 'free speech' names whatever natural social kind is (...)
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  23.  23
    Predicting First-Grade Mathematics Achievement: The Contributions of Domain-General Cognitive Abilities, Nonverbal Number Sense, and Early Number Competence.Caroline Hornung, Christine Schiltz, Martin Brunner & Romain Martin - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  24.  23
    The Impact of Corporate Volunteering on CSR Image: A Consumer Perspective.Carolin Plewa, Jodie Conduit, Pascale G. Quester & Claire Johnson - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 127 (3):643-659.
    Corporate volunteering is known to be an effective employee engagement initiative. However, despite the prominence of corporate social responsibility in academia and practice, research is yet to investigate whether and how CV may influence consumer perceptions of CSR image and subsequent consumer behaviour. Data collected using an online survey in Australia show perceived familiarity with a company’s CV programme to positively impact CSR image and firm image, partially mediated by others-centred attributions. CSR image, in turn, strengthens affective and cognitive loyalty (...)
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  25.  20
    Unable to Resist the Temptation to Tell the Truth or to Lie for the Organization? Identification Makes the Difference.Carolin Baur, Roman Soucek, Ulrich Kühnen & Roy F. Baumeister - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (4):643-662.
    Previous research indicates that the depletion of self-regulatory resources can promote unethical behavior that benefits the self. Extending this literature, we focus on norm-transgressing behavior that is intended to primarily benefit others. In particular, we predicted a differing effect of self-regulatory resource depletion on dishonesty that benefits one’s group, depending on the degree of identification with the group. Following a dual process approach, we argue that if identification with the group is strong, then people may have an automatic inclination to (...)
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  26. The Varieties of Moral Improvement, or Why Metaethical Constructivism Must Explain Moral Progress.Caroline Arruda - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):17-38.
    Among the available metaethical views, it would seem that moral realism—in particular moral naturalism—must explain the possibility of moral progress. We see this in the oft-used argument from disagreement against various moral realist views. My suggestion in this paper is that, surprisingly, metaethical constructivism has at least as pressing a need to explain moral progress. I take moral progress to be, minimally, the opportunity to access and to act in light of moral facts of the matter, whether they are mind-independent (...)
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  27. Universism and Extensions of V.Carolin Antos, Neil Barton & Sy-David Friedman - forthcoming - Review of Symbolic Logic:1-50.
    A central area of current philosophical debate in the foundations of mathematics concerns whether or not there is a single, maximal, universe of set theory. Universists maintain that there is such a universe, while Multiversists argue that there are many universes, no one of which is ontologically privileged. Often model-theoretic constructions that add sets to models are cited as evidence in favour of the latter. This paper informs this debate by developing a way for a Universist to interpret talk that (...)
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  28. From BDI and Stit to Bdi-Stit Logic.Caroline Semmling & Heinrich Wansing - 2008 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 17 (1-2):185-207.
    Since it is desirable to be able to talk about rational agents forming attitudes toward their concrete agency, we suggest an introduction of doxastic, volitional, and intentional modalities into the multi-agent logic of deliberatively seeing to it that, dstit logic. These modalities are borrowed from the well-known BDI (belief-desire-intention) logic. We change the semantics of the belief and desire operators from a relational one to a monotonic neighbourhood semantic in order to handle ascriptions of conflicting but not inconsistent beliefs and (...)
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  29.  10
    Preschoolers Benefit Equally From Video Chat, Pseudo-Contingent Video, and Live Book Reading: Implications for Storytime During the Coronavirus Pandemic and Beyond.Caroline Gaudreau, Yemimah A. King, Rebecca A. Dore, Hannah Puttre, Deborah Nichols, Kathy Hirsh-Pasek & Roberta Michnick Golinkoff - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  30.  18
    A Model of Differential Amygdala Activation in Psychopathy.Caroline Moul, Simon Killcross & Mark R. Dadds - 2012 - Psychological Review 119 (4):789-806.
  31. Theories of Sex Difference.Caroline Whitbeck - 1973 - Philosophical Forum 5 (1):54.
  32. Pornography and Censorship.Caroline West - manuscript
    This question lies at the heart of a debate that raises fundamental issues about just when, and on what grounds, the state is justified in using its coercive powers to limit the freedom of individuals.
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  33. Why Care About Being an Agent.Caroline T. Arruda - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (3):488-504.
    The question ‘Why care about being an agent?’ asks for reasons to be something that appears to be non-optional. But perhaps it is closer to the question ‘Why be moral?’; or so I shall argue. Here the constitutivist answer—that we cannot help but have this aim—seems to be the best answer available. I suggest that, regardless of whether constitutivism is true, it is an incomplete answer. I argue that we should instead answer the question by looking at our evaluative commitments (...)
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  34.  25
    Ἐμπάθɛια and Caritas: The Role of Religion in Fair Trade Consumption.Caroline Josephine Doran & Samuel Michael Natale - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (1):1-15.
    There is much still to learn about the nature of fair trade consumers. In light of the Pope’s encyclical Caritas in Veritate, this article sought to advance the current understanding by investigating the role of religion in fair trade consumption. In this study, fair trade consumers and non-consumers across many religions as well as the non-religious described their consumption of fair trade products as well as the use of their religious beliefs in their purchase behavior. It appears that the non-religious (...)
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  35.  27
    Of Expression and Racist Hate Speech1.Caroline West - 2012 - In Mary Kate McGowan Ishani Maitra (ed.), Speech and Harm: Controversies Over Free Speech. pp. 222.
  36.  26
    Explaining Errors in Children’s Questions.Caroline F. Rowland - 2007 - Cognition 104 (1):106-134.
    The ability to explain the occurrence of errors in children's speech is an essential component of successful theories of language acquisition. The present study tested some generativist and constructivist predictions about error on the questions produced by ten English-learning children between 2 and 5 years of age. The analyses demonstrated that, as predicted by some generativist theories [e.g. Santelmann, L., Berk, S., Austin, J., Somashekar, S. & Lust. B. (2002). Continuity and development in the acquisition of inversion in yes/no questions: (...)
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  37.  4
    Preoccupied with the Body: Mild Stress Amplifies the Relation Between Rumination and Interoception.Caroline Schlinkert, Beate M. Herbert, Nicola Baumann & Sander L. Koole - 2020 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (7):1382-1394.
    Classic and modern emotion theories suggest that the perception of bodily sensations, or interoception, is foundational to emotion processing. The present research examined whether interoception is...
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  38.  4
    Multiverse Conceptions in Set Theory.Carolin Antos, Sy-David Friedman, Radek Honzik & Claudio Ternullo - 2018 - In Carolin Antos, Sy-David Friedman, Radek Honzik & Claudio Ternullo (eds.), The Hyperuniverse Project and Maximality. Birkhäuser. pp. 47-73.
    We review different conceptions of the set-theoretic multiverse and evaluate their features and strengths. In Sect. 1, we set the stage by briefly discussing the opposition between the ‘universe view’ and the ‘multiverse view’. Furthermore, we propose to classify multiverse conceptions in terms of their adherence to some form of mathematical realism. In Sect. 2, we use this classification to review four major conceptions. Finally, in Sect. 3, we focus on the distinction between actualism and potentialism with regard to the (...)
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  39. Chimps as Secret Agents.Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2016 - Synthese 193 (7):2129-2158.
    We provide an account of chimpanzee-specific agency within the context of philosophy of action. We do so by showing that chimpanzees are capable of what we call reason-directed action, even though they may be incapable of more full-blown action, which we call reason-considered action. Although chimpanzee agency does not possess all the features of typical adult human agency, chimpanzee agency is evolutionarily responsive to their environment and overlaps considerably with our own. As such, it is an evolved set of capacities (...)
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  40.  9
    The Evidential Force of Religious Experience.Caroline Franks Davis - 1989 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This clearly presented study examines the nature of religious experiences, and asks whether they can be used as evidence for religious beliefs. The author discusses important philosophical issues raised by religious experience, such as the role of models and metaphors in their description, and the way experiences in general are used as evidence for claims about the world. Using contemporary and classic sources from the world's religions, the author gives an account of different types of religious experience. She also draws (...)
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  41. Teaching Ethics to Scientists and Engineers: Moral Agents and Moral Problems.Caroline Whitbeck - 1995 - Science and Engineering Ethics 1 (3):299-308.
    In this paper I outline an “agent-centered” approach to learning ethics. The approach is “agent-centered” in that its central aim is to prepare students toact wisely and responsibly when faced with moral problems. The methods characteristic of this approach are suitable for integrating material on professional and research ethics into technical courses, as well as for free-standing ethics courses. The analogy I draw between ethical problems and design problems clarifies the character of ethical problems as they are experienced by those (...)
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  42.  7
    Hyper-Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation: Experimental Manipulation of Inter-Brain Synchrony.Caroline Szymanski, Viktor Müller, Timothy R. Brick, Timo von Oertzen & Ulman Lindenberger - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  43. Being Torn: Toward a Phenomenology of Unwanted Pregnancy.Caroline Lundquist - 2008 - Hypatia 23 (3):pp. 136-155.
    In Pregnant Embodiment: Subjectivity and Alienation, Iris Marion Young describes the lived bodily experience of women who have “chosen” their pregnancies. In this essay, Lundquist underscores the need for a more inclusive phenomenology of pregnancy. Drawing on sources in literature, psychology, and phenomenology, she offers descriptions of the cryptic phenomena of rejected and denied pregnancy, indicating the vast range of pregnancy experience and illustrating substantial phenomenological differences between “chosen” and unwanted pregnancies.
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  44.  46
    Measuring Corporate Social and Environmental Performance: The Extended Life-Cycle Assessment.Caroline Gauthier - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (1-2):199-206.
    This papers attempts to bridge business ethics to corporate social responsibility including the social and environmental dimensions. The objective of the paper is to suggest an improvement of the most commonly used corporate environmental management tool, the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The method includes two stages. First, more phases are added to the life-cycle of a product. Second, social criteria that measure the social performance of a product are introduced. An application of this “extended” LCA tool is given.
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  45.  18
    Rhesus Monkeys (Macaca Mulatta) Map Number Onto Space.Caroline B. Drucker & Elizabeth M. Brannon - 2014 - Cognition 132 (1):57-67.
  46.  68
    Two Ways of Relating to (and Acting for) Reasons.Caroline T. Arruda & Daniel J. Povinelli - 2018 - Mind and Language 33 (5):441-459.
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  47.  51
    Is It What You Do, or When You Do It? The Roles of Contingency and Similarity in Pro‐Social Effects of Imitation.Caroline Catmur & Cecilia Heyes - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (8):1541-1552.
    Being imitated has a wide range of pro-social effects, but it is not clear how these effects are mediated. Naturalistic studies of the effects of being imitated have not established whether pro-social outcomes are due to the similarity and/or the contingency between the movements performed by the actor and those of the imitator. Similarity is often assumed to be the active ingredient, but we hypothesized that contingency might also be important, as it produces positive affect in infants and can be (...)
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  48. The Maternal Instinct.Caroline Whitbeck - 1974 - Philosophical Forum 6 (2):265.
  49.  94
    Friends and Colleagues: Plurality, Coordination, and the Structure of DP.Caroline Heycock & Roberto Zamparelli - 2005 - Natural Language Semantics 13 (3):201-270.
  50. Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model.Caroline Whitbeck - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
    This paper examines the way in which causal relations are understood in the dominant model in contemporary medicine. It argues that the causal relation is not definable in terms of the condition relation, but that in general for conditions of an occurrence to be among its causes they must answer instrumental interests in a certain way, and there are further criteria for distinguishing 'the' cause of a disease (i.e., its etiological agent) from other causal factors, which are based upon instrumental (...)
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