Results for 'Carroll E. Izard'

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  1.  49
    Emotion Knowledge, Emotion Utilization, and Emotion Regulation.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn, Kristy J. Finlon, E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing, Stacy R. Grossman & Adina Seidenfeld - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):44-52.
    This article suggests a way to circumvent some of the problems that follow from the lack of consensus on a definition of emotion (Izard, 2010; Kleinginna & Kleinginna, 1981) and emotion regulation (Cole, Martin, & Dennis, 2004) by adopting a conceptual framework based on discrete emotions theory and focusing on specific emotions. Discrete emotions theories assume that neural, affective, and cognitive processes differ across specific emotions and that each emotion has particular motivational and regulatory functions. Thus, efforts at regulation (...)
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  2.  11
    Extending Emotion Science to the Study of Discrete Emotions in Infants.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn & Kristy J. Finlon - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):134-136.
    Many emotion researchers would probably agree that at least some aspects of discrete emotions are evolutionarily conserved (e.g., the sensation/feeling component cannot be learned). Such agreement probably extends to the notion that aspects of emotions emerge in ontogeny as a function of developmental, learning, and cultural processes. Determining when and under what circumstances they emerge seems largely a matter for empirical research, though theories differ in their predictions and in the way they describe the relevant emotional-, cognitive-, and neuro-developmental processes.
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  3.  22
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis, Alan M. Slater & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):197-206.
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including (a) whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, (b) when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, (c) the developmental trajectory for (...)
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  4. The Many Meanings/Aspects of Emotion: Definitions, Functions, Activation, and Regulation.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):363-370.
    Many psychological scientists and behavioral neuroscientists affirm that “emotion” influences thinking, decision-making, actions, social relationships, well-being, and physical and mental health. Yet there is no consensus on a definition of the word “emotion,” and the present data suggest that it cannot be defined as a unitary concept. Theorists and researchers attribute quite different yet heuristic meanings to “emotion.” They show considerable agreement about emotion activation, functions, and regulation. The central goal of this article is to alert researchers, students, and other (...)
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  5.  41
    Forms and Functions of Emotions: Matters of Emotion–Cognition Interactions.Carroll E. Izard - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):371-378.
    This article clarifies my current and seemingly ever-changing position on issues relating to emotions. The position derives from my differential emotions theory and it changes with new empirical findings and with insights from my own and others’ thinking and writing. The theory distinguishes between first-order emotions and emotion schemas. For example, it proposes that first-order negative emotions are attributable mainly to infants and young children in distress and to older individuals in emergency or highly challenging situations. Emotion schemas are defined (...)
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  6.  10
    Four Systems for Emotion Activation: Cognitive and Noncognitive Processes.Carroll E. Izard - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (1):68-90.
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  7.  2
    Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):561-565.
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  8. More Meanings and More Questions for the Term “Emotion”.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):383-385.
    I am very appreciative of those who wrote comments on my article. They raised some interesting and some quite challenging questions. Their responses seem quite in synchrony with my focus and intent—to reveal some problems that we need to address in advancing emotion science. The authors of the commentaries reflected some of the same sort of differences among themselves as I found among the emotion scientists whom I surveyed in search of a definition of emotion. Like the emotion scientists who (...)
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  9.  22
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Alan M. Slater, Olivier Pascalis & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2).
  10.  49
    The Developmental Functions of Emotions: An Analysis in Terms of Differential Emotions Theory.Jo Ann A. Abe & Carroll E. Izard - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):523-549.
  11.  37
    Emotions and Emotion Cognition Contribute to the Construction and Understanding of Mind.Carroll E. Izard - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):111-112.
    Carpendale & Lewis's (C&L's) interesting and insightful article did not integrate several potentially useful notions from emotion theory and research into their explanatory framework. I propose that emotions are indigenous elements of mind and that children's understanding of them is fundamental to their understanding of the mental life of self and others, understandings critical to the development of social and emotional competence.
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  12.  10
    Many Ways to Awareness: A Developmental Perspective on Cognitive Access.Carroll E. Izard, Paul C. Quinn & Steven B. Most - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):506-507.
    Block's target article makes a significant contribution toward sorting the neural bases of phenomenal consciousness from the neural systems that underlie cognitive access to it. However, data from developmental science suggest that cognitive access may be only one of several ways to access phenomenology. These data may also have implications for the visual-cognitive phenomena that Block uses to support his case.
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  13.  47
    Brain, Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard, Christopher J. Trentacosta & Kristen A. King - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):208-209.
    Lewis makes a strong case for the interdependence and integration of emotion and cognitive processes. Yet, these processes exhibit considerable independence in early life, as well as in certain psychopathological conditions, suggesting that the capacity for their integration emerges as a function of development. In some circumstances, the concept of highly interactive emotion and cognitive systems seems a viable alternative hypothesis to the idea of systems integration.
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  14.  5
    Editorial: Studies of the Development of Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):257-266.
  15.  5
    The Emergence of Emotions and the Development of Consciousness in Infancy.Carroll E. Izard - 1980 - In J. M. Davidson & Richard J. Davidson (eds.), The Psychobiology of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 193--216.
  16.  11
    The Role of Emotions in a Systems View of Depression.Carroll E. Izard - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):371-371.
  17.  27
    Continuity and Change in Infants' Facial Expressions Following an Unanticipated Aversive Stimulus.Carroll E. Izard - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):463-464.
    I agree with Williams that evolutionary theory provides the best account of the pain expression. We may disagree as to whether pain has an emotional dimension or includes discrete basic emotions as integral components. I interpret basic emotion expressions that occur contemporaneously with pain expression as representing separate but highly interactive systems, each with distinct adaptive functions.
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  18.  26
    Evidence From Young Children Regarding Emotional Responses to Music.Steven John Holochwost & Carroll E. Izard - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):581-582.
    Juslin & Vll (J&V) propose a theoretical framework of how music may evoke an emotional response. This commentary presents results from a pilot study that employed young children as participants, and measured musically induced emotions through facial expressions. Preliminary findings support certain aspects of the proposed theoretical framework. The implications of these findings on future research employing the proposed framework are discussed.
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  19.  5
    Sex Differences in Emotion Expression: Developmental, Epigenetic, and Cultural Factors.Carroll E. Izard, Kristy J. Finlon & Stacy R. Grossman - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):395-396.
    Vigil's socio-relational framework of sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior has a number of interesting aspects, especially the principal concepts of reciprocity potential and perceived attractiveness and trustworthiness. These are attractive and potentially heuristic ideas. However, some of his arguments and claims are not well grounded in research on early development. Three- to five-year-old children did not show the sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior discussed in the target article. Our data suggest that Vigil may have underestimated the roles of epigenetic and (...)
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  20.  3
    Human Ethology and the Ontogeny of Emotional Expressions.Carroll E. Izard - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):39.
  21.  2
    Emotion Variables as Personality Traits.Carroll E. Izard - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (3):442-443.
  22. Maximal R.E. Equivalence Relations.Jeffrey S. Carroll - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1048-1058.
    The lattice of r.e. equivalence relations has not been carefully examined even though r.e. equivalence relations have proved useful in logic. A maximal r.e. equivalence relation has the expected lattice theoretic definition. It is proved that, in every pair of r.e. nonrecursive Turing degrees, there exist maximal r.e. equivalence relations which intersect trivially. This is, so far, unique among r.e. submodel lattices.
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  23. Quais São Os Vinculos Entre Aritmética E Linguagem ? Um Estudo Na Amazonia.Pierre Pica, Cathy Lemer, Véronique Izard & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - Revista de Estudos E Pesquisas 2 (1):199-236.
  24. Cornell College: Program in Science and Religion.William E. Carroll - 1998 - Zygon 33 (2):271-274.
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  25. E. V. Hartmann, Phänomenologie des Sittlichen Bewusstseins.L. Carroll - 1895 - Mind 4:278.
  26.  34
    An Asterisk Denotes a Publication by a Member of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. The Editors Welcome Suggestions for Reviews. Auxier, Randall E., and Doug Anderson, Eds. Bruce Springsteen and Philosophy: Dark-Ness on the Edge of Truth. Chicago: Open Court Publishing, 2008. Pp. Xv+ 302. Paper $18.95, ISBN: 978-0-8126-9647-9. [REVIEW]John Carroll, Del Wilmington, Stanley B. Cunningham, H. A. G. Houghton, David Konstan, Danielle Lories, Laura Rizzerio, Kenneth R. Melchin & Cheryl A. Picard - 2009 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 83 (1).
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  27. Arthur Danto. Filosofia dell'arte e attività critica.Noël Carroll - 2007 - Rivista di Estetica 47 (35):67-80.
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  28. The Wreck of Western Culture: Humanism Revisited.John E. Carroll - 2008 - Intercollegiate Studies Institute.
    Humanism built Western civilization as we know it today. Its achievements include the liberation of the individual, democracy, universal rights, and widespread prosperity and comfort. Its ambassadors are the heroes of modern culture—Erasmus, Holbein, Shakespeare, Velázquez, Descartes, Kant, Freud. Those who sought to contain humanism’s pride within a frame of higher truth—Luther, Calvin, Poussin, Kierkegaard—could barely interrupt its torrential progress. Those who sought to reform humanism’s tenets from within—Marx, Darwin, and Nietzsche—were tested by the success of their own prophecies. So (...)
     
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  29. Philosophy of Literature, and Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures, 2 Book Pack.Eileen John, Dominic McIver Lopes, Noël Carroll & Jinhee Choi (eds.) - 2008 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Pack includes 2 titles from the popular Blackwell Philosophy Anthologies Series: _ _ Philosophy of Literature_: Contemporary and Classic Readings_ _Edited by Eileen John and Dominic McIver Lopes ISBN: 9781405112086 _ Philosophy of Film and Motion Pictures_: An Anthology _Edited by No ë l Carroll and Jinhee Choi ISBN: 9781405120272.
     
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  30. E.H. Morreim, "Balancing Act: The New Medical Ethics of Medicine's New Economics". [REVIEW]M. A. Carroll - 1995 - Journal of Value Inquiry 29 (1):149-152.
     
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  31. Patient Preferences in Controlling Access to Their Electronic Health Records: A Prospective Cohort Study in Primary Care.Peter H. Schwartz, Kelly Caine, Sheri A. Alpert, Eric M. Meslin, Aaron E. Carroll & William M. Tierney - 2015 - Journal of General Internal Medicine 30:25-30.
    Introduction: Previous studies have measured individuals’ willingness to share personal information stored in an electronic health record (EHR) with healthcare providers. But none have measured preferences when patients’ choices determine access by healthcare providers. -/- Methods: Patients were given the ability to control the access of doctors, nurses or other staff in a primary care clinic to personal information stored in an EHR. Patients could restrict access to all personal data or to specific types of sensitive information, and could restrict (...)
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  32. Giving Patients Granular Control of Personal Health Information: Using an Ethics ‘Points to Consider’ to Inform Informatics System Designers.Eric M. Meslin, Sheri A. Alpert, Aaron E. Carroll, Jere D. Odell, William M. Tierney & Peter H. Schwartz - 2013 - International Journal of Medical Informatics 82:1136-1143.
    Objective: There are benefits and risks of giving patients more granular control of their personal health information in electronic health record (EHR) systems. When designing EHR systems and policies, informaticists and system developers must balance these benefits and risks. Ethical considerations should be an explicit part of this balancing. Our objective was to develop a structured ethics framework to accomplish this. -/- Methods: We reviewed existing literature on the ethical and policy issues, developed an ethics framework called a “Points to (...)
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  33. Is Analytic Philosophy the Cure for Film Theory?Cynthia A. Freeland, Thomas E. Wartenberg, Richard Allen, Murray Smith, Noël Carroll & Oxford Clarendon - 1999 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 29 (3):416-440.
  34.  26
    The Emergence, Variation, and Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Public Sphere, 1980–2004: The Exposure of Firms to Public Debate. [REVIEW]Sun Young Lee & Craig E. Carroll - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):115-131.
    This study examined the emergence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a public issue over 25 years using a content analysis of two national news- papers and seven regional, geographically-dispersed newspapers in the U.S. The present study adopted a comprehensive definition encompassing all four CSR dimensions: economic, ethical, legal, and philanthropic. This study examined newspaper editorials, letters to the editor, op-ed columns, news analyses, and guest columns for three aspects: media attention, media prominence, and media valence. Results showed an increase (...)
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  35.  31
    Environmental Factors Contributing to Wrongdoing in Medicine: A Criterion-Based Review of Studies and Cases.James M. DuBois, Emily E. Anderson, Kelly Carroll, Tyler Gibb, Elena Kraus, Timothy Rubbelke & Meghan Vasher - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (3):163 - 188.
    In this article we describe our approach to understanding wrongdoing in medical research and practice, which involves the statistical analysis of coded data from a large set of published cases. We focus on understanding the environmental factors that predict the kind and the severity of wrongdoing in medicine. Through review of empirical and theoretical literature, consultation with experts, the application of criminological theory, and ongoing analysis of our first 60 cases, we hypothesize that 10 contextual features of the medical environment (...)
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  36.  12
    Stakeholder Views Regarding Ethical Issues in the Design and Conduct of Pragmatic Trials: Study Protocol.Stuart G. Nicholls, Kelly Carroll, Jamie Brehaut, Charles Weijer, Spencer Phillips Hey, Cory E. Goldstein, Merrick Zwarenstein, Ian D. Graham, Joanne E. McKenzie, Lauralyn McIntyre, Vipul Jairath, Marion K. Campbell, Jeremy M. Grimshaw, Dean A. Fergusson & Monica Taljaard - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):90.
    Randomized controlled trial trial designs exist on an explanatory-pragmatic spectrum, depending on the degree to which a study aims to address a question of efficacy or effectiveness. As conceptualized by Schwartz and Lellouch in 1967, an explanatory approach to trial design emphasizes hypothesis testing about the mechanisms of action of treatments under ideal conditions, whereas a pragmatic approach emphasizes testing effectiveness of two or more available treatments in real-world conditions. Interest in, and the number of, pragmatic trials has grown substantially (...)
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  37.  16
    Colby's Paranoia Model: An Old Theory in a New Frame?C. E. Izard & F. A. Masterson - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):539.
  38.  70
    Levels of Emotion and Levels of Consciousness.Carroll Izard - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):96-98.
    Merker makes a strong case for the upper brain stem as being the neural home of primary or phenomenal consciousness. Though less emphasized, he makes an equally strong and empirically supported argument for the critical role of the mesodiencephalon in basic emotion processes. His evidence and argument on the functions of brainstem systems in primary consciousness and basic emotion processes present a strong challenge to prevailing assumptions about the primacy of cognition in emotion-cognition-behavior relations. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  39.  12
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
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  40. Science and Religion, 400 B.C. To A.D. 1500: From Aristotle to Copernicus. By Edward Grant.William E. Carroll - 2008 - Zygon 43 (3):745-747.
  41.  13
    U.S. Health Care Coverage and Costs: Historical Development and Choices for the 1990s.Randall R. Bovbjerg, Charles C. Griffin & Caitlin E. Carroll - 1993 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 21 (2):141-162.
    American health policy today faces dual problems of too little health coverage at too high a cost. The mix of public and private financing leaves about one seventh of the population without any insurance coverage. At the same time, the coverage Americans do have costs an ever-larger share of our country's productive capacity. This "paradox of excess and deprivation" results from the incremental approach the U.S. has taken to promoting incompatible policy goals of increasing health insurance coverage and medical quality (...)
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  42. Divine Agency, Contemporary Physics, and the Autonomy of Nature.William E. Carroll - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (4):582-602.
  43.  37
    Aquinas on Creation and the Metaphysical Foundation of Science.William E. Carroll - 1999 - Sapientia 54 (205):69-91.
  44.  6
    Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible.William E. Carroll - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (2):151-187.
  45. Nature and Motion in the Middle Ages.James A. Weisheipl & William E. Carroll - 1985
  46.  34
    Reinforcement, Emotion, and Consciousness.Carroll Izard - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):202-204.
    Rolls presents a good integrative summary of the neural bases of emotions, adds new findings and insights, and takes a stance on controversial issues such as separate or distinct brain systems for processing emotion information and for planning and action. This commentary raises questions about his explanations of emotion activation, response to novelty, the evolution of emotions, and the phenomenal experience of emotions in human consciousness.
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  47.  30
    Eppur si muove: legenda \"sprawy Galileusza\".William E. Carroll - 2009 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 57 (2):25-38.
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  48.  16
    Big Bang Cosmology, Quantum Tunneling From Nothing, and Creation.William E. Carroll - 1988 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 44 (1):59-75.
  49. Lawful Processes in Naturally Occurring Emotions.C. E. Izard - 2004 - Social Science Information 43 (4):599-608.
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  50.  14
    Delhi, Agra, Fatehpur Sikri.E. B., Martin Hurlimann, Jean Carroll & Isobel Hatton - 1967 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 87 (2):216.
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