Results for 'Carroll E. Izard'

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  1. The Many Meanings/Aspects of Emotion: Definitions, Functions, Activation, and Regulation.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):363-370.
    Many psychological scientists and behavioral neuroscientists affirm that “emotion” influences thinking, decision-making, actions, social relationships, well-being, and physical and mental health. Yet there is no consensus on a definition of the word “emotion,” and the present data suggest that it cannot be defined as a unitary concept. Theorists and researchers attribute quite different yet heuristic meanings to “emotion.” They show considerable agreement about emotion activation, functions, and regulation. The central goal of this article is to alert researchers, students, and other (...)
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  2.  54
    Forms and Functions of Emotions: Matters of Emotion–Cognition Interactions.Carroll E. Izard - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (4):371-378.
    This article clarifies my current and seemingly ever-changing position on issues relating to emotions. The position derives from my differential emotions theory and it changes with new empirical findings and with insights from my own and others’ thinking and writing. The theory distinguishes between first-order emotions and emotion schemas. For example, it proposes that first-order negative emotions are attributable mainly to infants and young children in distress and to older individuals in emergency or highly challenging situations. Emotion schemas are defined (...)
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  3.  16
    Four Systems for Emotion Activation: Cognitive and Noncognitive Processes.Carroll E. Izard - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (1):68-90.
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  4.  7
    Basic Emotions, Relations Among Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard - 1992 - Psychological Review 99 (3):561-565.
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  5.  67
    Emotion Knowledge, Emotion Utilization, and Emotion Regulation.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn, Kristy J. Finlon, E. Stephanie Krauthamer-Ewing, Stacy R. Grossman & Adina Seidenfeld - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (1):44-52.
    This article suggests a way to circumvent some of the problems that follow from the lack of consensus on a definition of emotion (Izard, 2010; Kleinginna & Kleinginna, 1981) and emotion regulation (Cole, Martin, & Dennis, 2004) by adopting a conceptual framework based on discrete emotions theory and focusing on specific emotions. Discrete emotions theories assume that neural, affective, and cognitive processes differ across specific emotions and that each emotion has particular motivational and regulatory functions. Thus, efforts at regulation (...)
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  6. More Meanings and More Questions for the Term “Emotion”.Carroll E. Izard - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (4):383-385.
    I am very appreciative of those who wrote comments on my article. They raised some interesting and some quite challenging questions. Their responses seem quite in synchrony with my focus and intent—to reveal some problems that we need to address in advancing emotion science. The authors of the commentaries reflected some of the same sort of differences among themselves as I found among the emotion scientists whom I surveyed in search of a definition of emotion. Like the emotion scientists who (...)
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  7.  19
    Extending Emotion Science to the Study of Discrete Emotions in Infants.Carroll E. Izard, Elizabeth M. Woodburn & Kristy J. Finlon - 2010 - Emotion Review 2 (2):134-136.
    Many emotion researchers would probably agree that at least some aspects of discrete emotions are evolutionarily conserved (e.g., the sensation/feeling component cannot be learned). Such agreement probably extends to the notion that aspects of emotions emerge in ontogeny as a function of developmental, learning, and cultural processes. Determining when and under what circumstances they emerge seems largely a matter for empirical research, though theories differ in their predictions and in the way they describe the relevant emotional-, cognitive-, and neuro-developmental processes.
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  8.  9
    The Emergence of Emotions and the Development of Consciousness in Infancy.Carroll E. Izard - 1980 - In J. M. Davidson & Richard J. Davidson (eds.), The Psychobiology of Consciousness. Plenum. pp. 193--216.
  9.  43
    Emotions and Emotion Cognition Contribute to the Construction and Understanding of Mind.Carroll E. Izard - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (1):111-112.
    Carpendale & Lewis's (C&L's) interesting and insightful article did not integrate several potentially useful notions from emotion theory and research into their explanatory framework. I propose that emotions are indigenous elements of mind and that children's understanding of them is fundamental to their understanding of the mental life of self and others, understandings critical to the development of social and emotional competence.
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  10.  14
    Many Ways to Awareness: A Developmental Perspective on Cognitive Access.Carroll E. Izard, Paul C. Quinn & Steven B. Most - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (5-6):506-507.
    Block's target article makes a significant contribution toward sorting the neural bases of phenomenal consciousness from the neural systems that underlie cognitive access to it. However, data from developmental science suggest that cognitive access may be only one of several ways to access phenomenology. These data may also have implications for the visual-cognitive phenomena that Block uses to support his case.
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  11.  12
    Editorial: Studies of the Development of Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):257-266.
  12.  67
    Brain, Emotions, and Emotion-Cognition Relations.Carroll E. Izard, Christopher J. Trentacosta & Kristen A. King - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (2):208-209.
    Lewis makes a strong case for the interdependence and integration of emotion and cognitive processes. Yet, these processes exhibit considerable independence in early life, as well as in certain psychopathological conditions, suggesting that the capacity for their integration emerges as a function of development. In some circumstances, the concept of highly interactive emotion and cognitive systems seems a viable alternative hypothesis to the idea of systems integration.
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  13.  48
    Continuity and Change in Infants' Facial Expressions Following an Unanticipated Aversive Stimulus.Carroll E. Izard - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):463-464.
    I agree with Williams that evolutionary theory provides the best account of the pain expression. We may disagree as to whether pain has an emotional dimension or includes discrete basic emotions as integral components. I interpret basic emotion expressions that occur contemporaneously with pain expression as representing separate but highly interactive systems, each with distinct adaptive functions.
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  14.  10
    Emotion Variables as Personality Traits.Carroll E. Izard - 1984 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 7 (3):442-443.
  15.  7
    Human Ethology and the Ontogeny of Emotional Expressions.Carroll E. Izard - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):39-39.
  16.  15
    Sex Differences in Emotion Expression: Developmental, Epigenetic, and Cultural Factors.Carroll E. Izard, Kristy J. Finlon & Stacy R. Grossman - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):395-396.
    Vigil's socio-relational framework of sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior has a number of interesting aspects, especially the principal concepts of reciprocity potential and perceived attractiveness and trustworthiness. These are attractive and potentially heuristic ideas. However, some of his arguments and claims are not well grounded in research on early development. Three- to five-year-old children did not show the sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior discussed in the target article. Our data suggest that Vigil may have underestimated the roles of epigenetic and (...)
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  17.  20
    The Role of Emotions in a Systems View of Depression.Carroll E. Izard - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (2):371-371.
  18.  58
    The Developmental Functions of Emotions: An Analysis in Terms of Differential Emotions Theory.Jo Ann A. Abe & Carroll E. Izard - 1999 - Cognition and Emotion 13 (5):523-549.
  19.  28
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Olivier Pascalis, Alan M. Slater & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2):197-206.
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including (a) whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, (b) when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, (c) the developmental trajectory for (...)
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  20.  24
    Looking Across Domains to Understand Infant Representation of Emotion.Paul C. Quinn, Gizelle Anzures, Carroll E. Izard, Kang Lee, Alan M. Slater, Olivier Pascalis & James W. Tanaka - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (2).
    A comparison of the literatures on how infants represent generic object classes, gender and race information in faces, and emotional expressions reveals both common and distinctive developments in the three domains. In addition, the review indicates that some very basic questions remain to be answered regarding how infants represent facial displays of emotion, including whether infants form category representations for discrete classes of emotion, when and how such representations come to incorporate affective meaning, the developmental trajectory for representation of emotional (...)
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  21.  28
    Evidence From Young Children Regarding Emotional Responses to Music.Steven John Holochwost & Carroll E. Izard - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):581-582.
    Juslin & Vll (J&V) propose a theoretical framework of how music may evoke an emotional response. This commentary presents results from a pilot study that employed young children as participants, and measured musically induced emotions through facial expressions. Preliminary findings support certain aspects of the proposed theoretical framework. The implications of these findings on future research employing the proposed framework are discussed.
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  22.  14
    Reflections on Carroll Izard’s Contributions: Influences on Diverse Scientific Disciplines and Personal Recollections.Dante Cicchetti - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):104-109.
    Carroll Izard’s theoretical and empirical work has played a preeminent role in energizing the renascence in the study of the emotions and emotional development in normality and pathology. A brief historical overview of his career is presented. Izard’s differential emotions theory has exerted influence in a number of domains and disciplines. Illustrations are provided from research and prevention in developmental psychology and developmental psychopathology. Personal recollections of Cal Izard are provided showing that Izard is not (...)
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  23.  75
    Levels of Emotion and Levels of Consciousness.Carroll Izard - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):96-98.
    Merker makes a strong case for the upper brain stem as being the neural home of primary or phenomenal consciousness. Though less emphasized, he makes an equally strong and empirically supported argument for the critical role of the mesodiencephalon in basic emotion processes. His evidence and argument on the functions of brainstem systems in primary consciousness and basic emotion processes present a strong challenge to prevailing assumptions about the primacy of cognition in emotion-cognition-behavior relations. (Published Online May 1 2007).
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  24.  32
    Hold Tight: Carroll Izard’s Contributions to Translational Research on Emotion Competence.Christopher J. Trentacosta & David Schultz - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):136-142.
    This article summarizes Carroll Izard’s contributions to theory and research on emotion competence and an emotion-centered preventive intervention program. Cal’s contributions to emotion competence research began with some of the earliest studies of whether or not recognition and labeling of emotions relate to social and behavioral functioning. He also theorized about the adaptive use of discrete emotions, a construct Cal termed “emotion utilization.” He translated theory and research on emotions into seven principles for emotion-based prevention and intervention, and (...)
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  25.  46
    Reinforcement, Emotion, and Consciousness.Carroll Izard - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):202-204.
    Rolls presents a good integrative summary of the neural bases of emotions, adds new findings and insights, and takes a stance on controversial issues such as separate or distinct brain systems for processing emotion information and for planning and action. This commentary raises questions about his explanations of emotion activation, response to novelty, the evolution of emotions, and the phenomenal experience of emotions in human consciousness.
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  26.  41
    God's Iconoclasm.Carroll E. Simcox - 1991 - The Chesterton Review 17 (3/4):546-547.
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  27. Is Death the End? The Christian Answer.Carroll E. Simcox - 1959
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  28. They Met at Philippi: A Devotional Commentary on Philippians.Carroll E. Simcox - 1958
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  29.  14
    The Rôle of Cyrus in Deutero-IsaiahThe Role of Cyrus in Deutero-Isaiah.Carroll E. Simcox - 1937 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 57 (2):158.
  30.  14
    Discrete Emotions and Developmental Psychopathology: The Alchemical Legacy of Carroll Izard.Eric A. Youngstrom - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):131-135.
    Carroll Izard completed his dissertation in 1952, beginning a career spanning more than six decades that coincided with clinical psychology maturing as a profession, and the birth of clinical science and cognitive neuroscience. Izard’s focus on discrete emotions as evolved systems that organize information, prepare responses, and shape the development of personality and relationships persisted through his career, despite “emotions” often being overshadowed by psychodynamic, behavioral, or cognitive perspectives. His theoretical work anticipated and now integrates contemporary neuroscience (...)
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  31.  23
    Colby's Paranoia Model: An Old Theory in a New Frame?C. E. Izard & F. A. Masterson - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):539-540.
  32.  6
    Lawful Processes in Naturally Occurring Emotions.C. E. Izard - 2004 - Social Science Information 43 (4):599-608.
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  33.  6
    Core Cognition in Adult Vision: A Surprising Discrepancy Between the Principles of Object Continuity and Solidity.Andreas Falck, Ghislaine Labouret, Véronique Izard, Annie E. Wertz, Frank C. Keil & Brent Strickland - 2020 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 149 (12):2250-2263.
    From an early age, humans intuitively expect physical objects to obey core principles, including continuity (objects follow spatiotemporally continuous paths) and solidity (two solid objects cannot occupy the same space at the same time). These 2 principles are sometimes viewed as deriving from a single overarching “persistence” principle. Indeed, violations of solidity where one solid object seemingly passes through another could theoretically be interpreted as a violation of continuity, with an object “teleporting” to switch places rather than passing through a (...)
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  34.  4
    Emotions in Personality and Culture.C. E. Izard - 1983 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 11 (4):305-312.
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  35.  7
    Emotions in Personality and Culture.C. E. Izard - 1983 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 11 (4):305-312.
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  36.  12
    From Stimulus-Bound Emotive Command Systems to Drive-Free Emotions.C. E. Izard - 1982 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 5 (3):433-434.
  37. The Wreck of Western Culture: Humanism Revisited.John E. Carroll - 2008 - Intercollegiate Studies Institute.
    Humanism built Western civilization as we know it today. Its achievements include the liberation of the individual, democracy, universal rights, and widespread prosperity and comfort. Its ambassadors are the heroes of modern culture—Erasmus, Holbein, Shakespeare, Velázquez, Descartes, Kant, Freud. Those who sought to contain humanism’s pride within a frame of higher truth—Luther, Calvin, Poussin, Kierkegaard—could barely interrupt its torrential progress. Those who sought to reform humanism’s tenets from within—Marx, Darwin, and Nietzsche—were tested by the success of their own prophecies. So (...)
     
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  38.  46
    Aquinas on Creation and the Metaphysical Foundation of Science.William E. Carroll - 1999 - Sapientia 54 (205):69-91.
  39. Divine Agency, Contemporary Physics, and the Autonomy of Nature.William E. Carroll - 2008 - Heythrop Journal 49 (4):582-602.
  40.  24
    Big Bang Cosmology, Quantum Tunneling From Nothing, and Creation.William E. Carroll - 1988 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 44 (1):59-75.
  41.  14
    Effects of Age, Dysphoria, and Emotion‐Focusing on Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Children.Ronan E. O'Carroll, Tim Dalgleish, Lyndsey E. Drummond, Barbara Dritschel & Arlene Astell - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):488-505.
  42.  9
    Galileo and the Interpretation of the Bible.William E. Carroll - 1999 - Science & Education 8 (2):151-187.
  43.  31
    The Emergence, Variation, and Evolution of Corporate Social Responsibility in the Public Sphere, 1980–2004: The Exposure of Firms to Public Debate. [REVIEW]Sun Young Lee & Craig E. Carroll - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):115-131.
    This study examined the emergence of corporate social responsibility (CSR) as a public issue over 25 years using a content analysis of two national news- papers and seven regional, geographically-dispersed newspapers in the U.S. The present study adopted a comprehensive definition encompassing all four CSR dimensions: economic, ethical, legal, and philanthropic. This study examined newspaper editorials, letters to the editor, op-ed columns, news analyses, and guest columns for three aspects: media attention, media prominence, and media valence. Results showed an increase (...)
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  44.  8
    Galileo and the Inquisition.William E. Carroll - 1990 - New Blackfriars 71 (837):185-193.
  45.  26
    Introduction: Special Section to Honor Carroll Izard.J. A. A. Abe & D. Schultz - 2015 - Emotion Review 7 (2):101-103.
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  46.  36
    Reviews of E. Husserl, Logik Und Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie. Vorlesungen 1917/18, MIT Ergaumlnzenden Texten Aus der Ersten Fassung 1910/11. Introduction by U. Panzer , ISBN 0 792 33731 X; D. Jacquette, Meinongian Logic. The Semantics of Existence and Nonexistence , ISBN 3 11 014865 X; M. Beaney , The Frege Reader , ISBN 0 631 194 452; Elliott Mendelson, Introduction to Formal Logic, Fourth Edition , ISBN 1 412 808307; Samuel Guttenplan, The Languages of Logic. An Introduction to Formal Logic, Second Edition , ISBN 1 55786 988 X; A. C. Grayling, An Introduction to Philosophical Logic, Third Edition , ISBN 0 631 19982 9; Lewis Carroll, Das Spiel der Logik, Edited with an Afterword by P. Good, Translated by M. Zoumlllner , ISBN 3 7728 1998 2. [REVIEW]C. Hill, R. Poli & jan Dejnozka - 1998 - History and Philosophy of Logic 19 (2):115-123.
    E. Husserl, Logik und allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie. Vorlesungen 1917/18, mit ergänzenden Texten aus der ersten Fassung 1910/11. Introduction by U. Panzer. Dordrecht:Kluwer, 1996. lxii + 554 pp. £130. ISBN0 792 33731 X D. Jacquette, Meinongian logic. The semantics of existence and nonexistence. Berlin and New York:Walter de Gruyter, 1996. xiii + 297 pp. DM 198. ISBN 3 11 014865 X M. Beaney, The Frege Reader. Blackwell Publishers, 1997. xv + 409 pp. £14.99/$21.95. ISBN 0 631 194 452 Elliott Mendelson, Introduction to (...)
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  47. Ontology and the Laws of Nature.John W. Carroll - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65 (3):261 – 276.
    An argument for realism (i.E., The ontological thesis that there exist universals) has emerged in the writings of david armstrong, Fred dretske, And michael tooley. These authors have persuasively argued against traditional reductive accounts of laws and nature. The failure of traditional reductive accounts leads all three authors to opt for a non-Traditional reductive account of laws which requires the existence of universals. In other words, These authors have opted for accounts of laws which (together with the fact that there (...)
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  48. Cornell College: Program in Science and Religion.William E. Carroll - 1998 - Zygon 33 (2):271-274.
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  49.  59
    Architectural Symbolism of Imperial Rome and the Middle AgesThe Railroad Station.Paul Zucker, E. Baldwin Smith & Carroll L. V. Meeks - 1957 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 16 (2):284.
  50. Quais São Os Vinculos Entre Aritmética E Linguagem ? Um Estudo Na Amazonia.Pierre Pica, Cathy Lemer, Véronique Izard & Stanislas Dehaene - 2005 - Revista de Estudos E Pesquisas 2 (1):199-236.
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