Results for 'Carsten Kohler'

742 found
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  1.  8
    Patterns of Biomedical Science Production in a Sub-Saharan Research Center.Selidji T. Agnandji, Valerie Tsassa, Cornelia Conzelmann, Carsten Köhler & Hans-Jörg Ehni - 2012 - BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):3.
    Background: Research activities in sub-Saharan Africa may be limited to delegated tasks due to the strong control from Western collaborators, which could lead to scientific production of little value in terms of its impact on social and economic innovation in less developed areas. However, the current contexts of international biomedical research including the development of public-private partnerships and research institutions in Africa suggest that scientific activities are growing in sub-Saharan Africa. This study aims to describe the patterns of clinical research (...)
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    Francis Ludwig Carsten 1911–1998.Francis Ludwig Carsten - 2002 - In Proceedings of the British Academy, Volume 115 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows, I. pp. 119-129.
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  3.  30
    An Austrian Mélange • Eckehart Köler, Peter Weibel, Michael Stöltzner, Bernd Buldt, Carsten Klein, and Werner Depauli-Schimanovich-Göttig, Eds. Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit. Band 1: Dokumente Und Historische Analysen [Kurt Gödel. Truth and Provability. Vol. 1: Documents and Historical Analyses]. Vienna: Öbv Et Hpt, 2002. Isbn 3-209-03824-1. Pp. 279. • Bernd Buldt, Eckehart Köhler, Michael Stöltzner, Peter Weibel, Carsten Klein, and Werner Depauli-Schimanovich-Göttig, Eds. Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit. Band 2: Kompendium Zum Werk [Vol. 2: Compendium of Work]. Vienna: Öbv Et Hpt, 2002. Isbn 3-209-03835-X. Pp. 447. [REVIEW]Hannes Leitgeb - 2007 - Philosophia Mathematica 15 (2):245-257.
    While the Gödel centenary year 2006 triggered a lot of conference and workshop activity on Gödel, the years leading to it stand out by exhibiting several excellent publications on Gödel's life and work, most notably the completion of the Kurt Gödel Collected Works series . The two volumes of Kurt Gödel. Wahrheit & Beweisbarkeit, written in German and edited by E. Köhler et al., constitute something like the ‘German-Austrian contribution’ to this renewal of interest in Gödel's legacy, even though not (...)
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  4.  2
    Unconscious Neural Processing Differs with Method Used to Render Stimuli Invisible.Sergey V. Fogelson, Peter J. Kohler, Kevin J. Miller, Richard Granger & Peter U. Tse - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  5.  12
    Expressivism, Meaning, and All That.Sebastian Köhler - 2018 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 48 (3-4):337-356.
    It has recently been suggested that meta-normative expressivism is best seen as a meta-semantic, rather than a semantic view. One strong motivation for this is that expressivism becomes, thereby, compatible with truth-conditional semantics. While this approach is promising, however, many of its details are still unexplored. One issue that still needs to be explored in particular, is what accounts of propositional contents are open to meta-semantic expressivists. This paper makes progress on this issue by developing an expressivist-friendly deflationary account of (...)
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  6.  19
    Expressivism, Belief, and All That.Sebastian Köhler - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (4):189-207.
    Meta-ethical expressivism was traditionally seen as the view that normative judgements are not beliefs. Recently, quasi-realists have argued, via a minimalist conception of “belief”, that expressivism is fully compatible with normative judgements being beliefs. This maneuver is successful, however, only if quasi-realists have really offered an expressivist-friendly account of belief that captures all platitudes characterizing belief. But, quasi-realists’ account has a crucial gap, namely how to account for the propositional contents of normative beliefs in an expressivist-friendly manner. In particular, quasi-realists (...)
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  7.  8
    The Place of Value in a World of Facts.Wolfgang Köhler - 1938 - Liveright.
  8.  1
    Social Determinants of Low Fertility in Brazil.Helena Cruz Castanheira & Hans-Peter Kohler - 2017 - Journal of Biosocial Science 49 (S1):S131-S155.
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  9.  8
    Place and Practice in Field Biology.Robert E. Kohler - 2002 - History of Science 40 (2):189-210.
  10. Rebound Effects of Progress in Information Technology.Lorenz M. Hilty, Andreas Köhler, Fabian Schéele, Rainer Zah & Thomas Ruddy - 2006 - Poiesis and Praxis 4 (1):19-38.
    Information technology (IT) is continuously making astounding progress in technical efficiency. The time, space, material and energy needed to provide a unit of IT service have decreased by three orders of magnitude since the first personal computer (PC) was sold. However, it seems difficult for society to translate IT’s efficiency progress into progress in terms of individual, organizational or socio-economic goals. In particular it seems to be difficult for individuals to work more efficiently, for organizations to be more productive and (...)
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  11.  30
    On the Application of Formal Principles to Life Science Data: A Case Study in the Gene Ontology.Jacob Köhler, Anand Kumar & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Proceedings of DILS 2004 (Data Integration in the Life Sciences), (Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics 2994). Berlin: Springer. pp. 79-94.
    Formal principles governing best practices in classification and definition have for too long been neglected in the construction of biomedical ontologies, in ways which have important negative consequences for data integration and ontology alignment. We argue that the use of such principles in ontology construction can serve as a valuable tool in error-detection and also in supporting reliable manual curation. We argue also that such principles are a prerequisite for the successful application of advanced data integration techniques such as ontology-based (...)
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  12.  27
    Drosophila: A Life in the Laboratory.Robert E. Kohler - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):281-310.
  13.  90
    What is the Problem with Fundamental Moral Error?Sebastian Köhler - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (1):161-165.
    Quasi-realists argue that meta-ethical expressivism is fully compatible with the central assumptions underlying ordinary moral practice. In a recent paper, Andy Egan has developed a vexing challenge for this project, arguing that expressivism is incompatible with central assumptions about error in moral judgments. In response, Simon Blackburn has argued that Egan's challenge fails, because Egan reads the expressivist as giving an account of moral error, rather than an account of judgments about moral error. In this paper I argue that the (...)
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  14.  1
    Knowing by Heart: Visceral Feedback Shapes Recognition Memory Judgments.Chris M. Fiacconi, Erika L. Peter, Sawayra Owais & Stefan Köhler - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):559-572.
  15.  14
    The Management of Science: The Experience of Warren Weaver and the Rockefeller Foundation Programme in Molecular Biology. [REVIEW]Robert E. Kohler - 1976 - Minerva 14 (3):279-306.
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  16. Hannah Arendt/Karl Jaspers Correspondence, 1926-1969.Hannah Arendt, Karl Jaspers, Lotte Köhler & Hans Saner - 1992
     
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  17.  42
    Benchmarking and Transparency: Incentives for the Pharmaceutical Industry's Corporate Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Matthew Lee & Jillian Kohler - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (4):641-658.
    With over 2 billion people lacking medicines for treatable diseases and 14 million people dying annually from infectious disease, there is undeniable need for increased access to medicines. There has been an increasing trend to benchmark the pharmaceutical industry on their corporate social responsibility (CSR) performance in access to medicines. Benchmarking creates a competitive inter-business environment and acts as incentive for improving CSR. This article investigates the corporate feedback discourses pharmaceutical companies make in response to criticisms from benchmarking reports. It (...)
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  18.  1
    Lab History: Reflections.Robert E. Kohler - 2008 - Isis 99 (4):761-768.
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  19.  6
    Finders, Keepers: Collecting Sciences and Collecting Practice.Robert E. Kohler - 2007 - History of Science 45 (150):428-454.
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  20. A Generalist’s Vision.Robert E. Kohler - 2005 - Isis 96 (2):224-229.
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  21. The Precautionary Principle as a Framework for a Sustainable Information Society.Claudia Som, Lorenz M. Hilty & Andreas R. Köhler - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S3):493 - 505.
    The precautionary principle (PP) aims to anticipate and minimize potentially serious or irreversible risks under conditions of scientific uncertainty. Thus it preserves the potential for future developments. It has been incorporated into many international treaties and pieces of national legislation for environmental protection and sustainable development. In this article, we outline an interpretation of the PP as a framework of orientation for a sustainable information society. Since the risks induced by future information and communication technologies (ICT) are social risks for (...)
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  22.  6
    Mathematics and Measurements for High-Throughput Quantitative Biology.Harald Martens & Achim Kohler - 2009 - Biological Theory 4 (1):29-43.
    Bioscientists generate far more data than their minds can handle, and this trend is likely to continue. With the aid of a small set of versatile tools for mathematical modeling and statistical assessment, bioscientists can explore their real-world systems without experiencing data overflow. This article outlines an approach for combining modern high-throughput, low-cost, but non-selective biospectroscopy measurements with soft, multivariate biochemometrics data modeling to overview complex systems, test hypotheses, and making new discoveries. From preliminary, broad hypotheses and goals, many relevant (...)
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  23.  3
    Practice and Place in Twentieth-Century Field Biology: A Comment. [REVIEW]Robert E. Kohler - 2012 - Journal of the History of Biology 45 (4):579 - 586.
  24.  31
    Expressivism and Mind-Dependence.Sebastian Köhler - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (6):750-764.
    Despite the efforts of meta-ethical expressivists to rebut such worries, one objection raised over and over again against expressivism is that, if the theory is true, matters of morality must be mind-dependent in some objectionable way. This paper develops an argument which not only shows that this is and cannot be the case, but also – and perhaps more importantly – offers a diagnosis why philosophers are nevertheless so often led to think otherwise.
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  25. Measurement of the Soret, Diffusion, and Thermal Diffusion Coefficients of Three Binary Organic Benchmark Mixtures and of Ethanol–Water Mixtures Using a Beam Deflection Technique.A. Königer, B. Meier & W. Köhler - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (10):907-923.
  26.  50
    Revolutionary Expressivism.Sebastian Köhler & Michael Ridge - 2013 - Ratio 26 (4):428-449.
    While the meta-ethical error theory has been of philosophical interest for some time now, only recently a debate has emerged about the question what is to be done if the error theory turns out to be true. This paper argues for a novel answer to this question, namely revolutionary expressivism: if the error theory is true, we should become expressivists. Additionally, the paper explores certain important but largely ignored methodological issues that arise for reforming definitions generally and with a vengeance (...)
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  27. Value and Fact.Wolfgang Kohler - 1944 - Journal of Philosophy 41 (8):197-212.
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  28.  40
    Lottery Pricing Under Time Pressure.Pavlo R. Blavatskyy & Wolfgang R. Köhler - 2011 - Theory and Decision 70 (4):431-445.
    This article investigates how subjects determine minimum selling prices for lotteries. We design an experiment where subjects have at every moment an incentive to state their minimum selling price and to adjust the price, if they believe that the price that they stated initially was not optimal. We observe frequent and sizeable price adjustments. We find that random pricing models cannot explain the observed price patterns. We show that earlier prices contain information about future price adjustments. We propose a model (...)
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  29. Expressivism, Subjectivism and Moral Disagreement.Sebastian Köhler - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):71-78.
    One worry about metaethical expressivism is that it reduces to some form of subjectivism. This worry is enforced by subjectivists who argue that subjectivism can explain certain phenomena thought to support expressivism equally well. Recently, authors have started to suggest that subjectivism can take away what has often been seen as expressivism's biggest explanatory advantage, namely expressivism's ability to explain the possibility of moral disagreement. In this paper, I will give a response to an argument recently given by Frank Jackson (...)
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  30.  2
    Expressivism and Mind-Dependence: Distinct Existences.Sebastian Köhler - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (4).
    Despite the efforts of meta-ethical expressivists to rebut such worries, one objection raised over and over again against expressivism is that, if the theory is true, matters of morality must be mind-dependent in some objectionable way. This paper develops an argument which not only shows that this is and cannot be the case, but also – and perhaps more importantly – offers a diagnosis why philosophers are nevertheless so often led to think otherwise.
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  31.  25
    Normative Bedrock: Response-Dependence, Rationality and Reasons by Joshua Gert.Sebastian Köhler - 2014 - Analysis 74 (1):176-178.
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  32.  17
    Patientenverfügungen aus Patientensicht.Birgitt van Oorschot, Christopher Hausmann, Norbert Köhler, Karena Leppert, Susanne Schweitzer, Kerstin Steinbach & Reiner Anselm - 2004 - Ethik in der Medizin 16 (2):112-122.
    Im Rahmen des Modellvorhabens „Patienten als Partner—Tumorpatienten und ihr Mitwirken bei medizinischen Entscheidungen“ wurden zwischen März 2002 und August 2003 272 palliativ behandelte Tumorpatienten nach ihrer Einstellung zur Patientenverfügung und zur gewünschten Beteiligung an medizinischen Entscheidungen befragt. Von den Befragten kannten 30% Patientenverfügungen nicht, darunter signifikant mehr Befragte mit formal niedrigerem Bildungsabschluss. Es hatten bereits 11% eine Patientenverfügung abgeschlossen, 22% wollten wahrscheinlich eine abschließen, und 30% wollten keine abschließen. Es fand sich ein statistisch signifikanter Zusammenhang zwischen dem Abschluss einer Patientenverfügung (...)
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  33.  17
    Algebraic Semantics for Quasi-Classical Modal Logics.W. J. Blok & P. Köhler - 1983 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 48 (4):941-964.
  34.  75
    Quality Control for Terms and Definitions in Ontologies and Taxonomies.Jacob Köhler, Katherine Munn, Alexander Rüegg, Andre Skusa & Barry Smith - 2006 - BMC Bioinformatics 7 (212):1-12.
    Background: Ontologies and taxonomies are among the most important computational resources for molecular biology and bioinformatics. A series of recent papers has shown that the Gene Ontology (GO), the most prominent taxonomic resource in these fields, is marked by flaws of certain characteristic types, which flow from a failure to address basic ontological principles. As yet, no methods have been proposed which would allow ontology curators to pinpoint flawed terms or definitions in ontologies in a systematic way. Results: We present (...)
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  35.  15
    Relations in Biomedical Ontologies.Barry Smith, Werner Ceusters, Bert Klagges, Jacob Köhler, Anand Kuma, Jane Lomax, Chris Mungall, , Fabian Neuhaus, Alan Rector & Cornelius Rosse - 2005 - Genome Biology 6 (5):R46.
    To enhance the treatment of relations in biomedical ontologies we advance a methodology for providing consistent and unambiguous formal definitions of the relational expressions used in such ontologies in a way designed to assist developers and users in avoiding errors in coding and annotation. The resulting Relation Ontology can promote interoperability of ontologies and support new types of automated reasoning about the spatial and temporal dimensions of biological and medical phenomena.
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  36.  2
    Sleep-Dependent Memory Consolidation and Incremental Sentence Comprehension: Computational Dependencies During Language Learning as Revealed by Neuronal Oscillations.Zachariah R. Cross, Mark J. Kohler, Matthias Schlesewsky, M. G. Gaskell & Ina Bornkessel-Schlesewsky - 2018 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12.
  37.  10
    The Background to Eduard Buchner's Discovery of Cell-Free Fermentation.Robert Kohler - 1971 - Journal of the History of Biology 4 (1):35-61.
  38. The Science of Woman. Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929.Ornella Moscucci & Michele S. Kohler - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  39.  7
    The Reception of Eduard Buchner's Discovery of Cell-Free Fermentation.Robert E. Kohler - 1972 - Journal of the History of Biology 5 (2):327-353.
    What general conclusions can be drawn about the reception of zymase, its relation to the larger shift from a protoplasm to an enzyme theory of life, and its status as a social phenomenon?The most striking and to me unexpected pattern is the close correlation between attitude toward zymase and professional background. The disbelief of the fermentation technologists, Will, Delbrück, Wehmer, and even Stavenhagen, was as sharp and unanimous as the enthusiasm of the immunologists and enzymologists, Duclaux, Roux, Fernback, and Bertrand, (...)
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  40.  3
    Auditory Motion Capturing Ambiguous Visual Motion.Arjen Alink, Felix Euler, Elena Galeano, Alexandra Krugliak, Wolf Singer & Axel Kohler - 2011 - Frontiers in Psychology 2.
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  41.  1
    Precise Determination of the Soret, Thermal Diffusion and Mass Diffusion Coefficients of Binary Mixtures of Dodecane, Isobutylbenzene and 1,2,3,4-Tetrahydronaphthalene by a Holographic Grating Technique. [REVIEW]Gerhard Wittko & Werner Köhler - 2003 - Philosophical Magazine 83 (17-18):1973-1987.
  42.  1
    Konturen der Neuen Weltordnung: Beiträge Zu Einer Theorie der Normativen Prinzipien Internationaler Politik.Georg Kohler & Urs Marti (eds.) - 2003 - De Gruyter.
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  43. The Origin of Species as a Book.Michèle Kohler & Chris Kohler - 2009 - In Michael Ruse & Robert J. Richards (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to the "Origin of Species". Cambridge University Press.
     
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  44. Die Physischen Gestalten in Ruhe Und Im Stationären Zustand.Wolfgang Köhler - 1924 - Philosophische Akademie.
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  45.  32
    Harmonic Oscillator Trap and the Phase-Shift Approximation.H. S. Köhler - 2014 - Foundations of Physics 44 (9):960-972.
    The energy-spectrum of two point-like particles interacting in a 3-D isotropic Harmonic Oscillator (H.O.) trap is related to the free scattering phase-shifts \(\delta \) of the particles by a formula first published by Busch et al. It is here used to find an expression for the shift of the energy levels, caused by the interaction, rather than the perturbed spectrum itself. In the limit of high energy (large quantum number \(n\) of the H.O.) this shift (in H.O. units) is shown (...)
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  46. Zarathustra's Secret the Interior Life of Friedrich Nietzsche.Joachim Köhler & Ronald Taylor - 2002
     
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  47.  45
    Extended View of Classical Contact Transformations.Robert H. Kohler - 1976 - Foundations of Physics 6 (2):193-208.
    Classical contact transformation theory is reconstructed from the concept of explicit rather than implicit transformation equations. This proves the existence of contact transformations from any given Hamiltonian to any prescribed Hamiltonian (with the same number of degrees of freedom).
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  48.  43
    Do Expressivists Have an Attitude Problem?Sebastian Köhler - 2013 - Ethics 123 (3):479-507.
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  49. From Farm and Family to Career Naturalist: The Apprenticeship of Vernon Bailey.Robert E. Kohler - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):28-56.
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  50.  4
    A Policy for the Advancement of Science: The Rockefeller Foundation, 1924–29. [REVIEW]Robert E. Kohler - 1978 - Minerva 16 (4):480-515.
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