Results for 'Casper Hesp'

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  1. A Multi-Scale View of the Emergent Complexity of Life: A Free-Energy Proposal.Casper Hesp, Maxwell Ramstead, Axel Constant, Paul Badcock, Michael David Kirchhoff & Karl Friston - forthcoming - In Michael Price & John Campbell (eds.), Evolution, Development, and Complexity: Multiscale Models in Complex Adaptive Systems.
    We review some of the main implications of the free-energy principle (FEP) for the study of the self-organization of living systems – and how the FEP can help us to understand (and model) biotic self-organization across the many temporal and spatial scales over which life exists. In order to maintain its integrity as a bounded system, any biological system - from single cells to complex organisms and societies - has to limit the disorder or dispersion (i.e., the long-run entropy) of (...)
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  2.  2
    Socio-Emotional Concern Dynamics in a Model of Real-Time Dyadic Interaction: Parent-Child Play in Autism.Casper Hesp, Henderien W. Steenbeek & Paul L. C. van Geert - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  7
    Kategeet en geloofsvorming: Perspektiewe vanuit die Praktiese Teologie.Casper J. H. Venter - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (3).
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  4.  28
    On Fair Countable Lotteries.Casper Hansen - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (11):2787-2794.
    Two reverse supertasks—one new and one invented by Pérez Laraudogoitia —are discussed. Contra Kerkvliet and Pérez Laraudogoitia, it is argued that these supertasks cannot be used to conduct fair infinite lotteries, i.e., lotteries on the set of natural numbers with a uniform probability distribution. The new supertask involves an infinity of gods who collectively select a natural number by each removing one ball from a collection of initially infinitely many balls in a reverse omega-sequence of actions.
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  5.  31
    History and Neuroscience: An Integrative Legacy.Stephen T. Casper - 2014 - Isis 105 (1):123-132.
    The attitudes that characterize the contemporary “neuro-turn” were strikingly commonplace as part of the self-fashioning of social identity in the biographies and personal papers of past neurologists and neuroscientists. Indeed, one fundamental connection between nineteenth- and twentieth-century neurology and contemporary neuroscience appears to be the value that workers in both domains attach to the idea of integration, a vision of neural science and medicine that connected reductionist science to broader inquiries about the mind, brain, and human nature and in so (...)
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  6.  20
    Supervaluation on Trees for Kripke’s Theory of Truth.Casper Storm Hansen - 2015 - Review of Symbolic Logic 8 (1):46-74.
    A method of supervaluation for Kripke’s theory of truth is presented. It differs from Kripke’s own method in that it employs trees; results in a compositional semantics; assigns the intuitively correct truth values to the sentences of a particularly tricky example of Gupta’s; and – it is argued – is acceptable as an explication of the correspondence theory of truth.
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  7.  19
    Directing Public Interest: Danish Newspaper Science 1900-1903.Casper Andersen & Hans H. Hjermitslev - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (2):143-167.
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  8.  19
    Grounded Ungroundedness.Casper Storm Hansen - 2014 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 57 (2):216-243.
    A modification of Kripke’s theory of truth is proposed and it is shown how this modification solves some of the problems of expressive weakness in Kripke’s theory. This is accomplished by letting truth values be grounded in facts about other sentences’ ungroundedness.
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  9.  11
    New-Technology Clusters and Public Policy: Three Perspectives.Steven Casper - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (4):628-652.
    Regional technology clusters are an important source of economic growth within the knowledge economy. The success of Silicon Valley in particular has shown that university discoveries can spill over into regional economies to drive the emergence and growth of major new industries. From a public policy standpoint, the goal of ‘creating more Silicon Valleys’ has emerged as a major goal of recent technology policy. Evidence suggests that regional clusters focused on high technology only rarely develop. How do regional technology clusters (...)
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  10.  12
    Studying the Intentionality of Human Being.Casper Feilberg, Annelise Norlyk & Kurt Dauer Keller - 2018 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 49 (2):214-246.
    Based upon a brief outline of existential-phenomenological ontology we present a theoretical and practical understanding of human being, which is suited for a methodologically reflected approach to qualitative research. We present the phenomenological distinction between three dimensions of corporeal intentionality that form elementary events and structures of meaning. Various aspects of human being are better scrutinized with these concepts of intentionality, such as the association of individual being or collective being with the less differentiated anonymity of human being. The aim (...)
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  11.  32
    Introduction: Contexts for a Comparative Relativism.Casper Bruun Jensen, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, G. E. R. Lloyd, Martin Holbraad, Andreas Roepstorff, Isabelle Stengers, Helen Verran, Steven D. Brown, Brit Ross Winthereik, Marilyn Strathern, Bruce Kapferer, Annemarie Mol, Morten Axel Pedersen, Eduardo Viveiros de Castro, Matei Candea, Debbora Battaglia & Roy Wagner - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):1-12.
    This introduction to the Common Knowledge symposium titled “Comparative Relativism” outlines a variety of intellectual contexts where placing the unlikely companion terms comparison and relativism in conjunction offers analytical purchase. If comparison, in the most general sense, involves the investigation of discrete contexts in order to elucidate their similarities and differences, then relativism, as a tendency, stance, or working method, usually involves the assumption that contexts exhibit, or may exhibit, radically different, incomparable, or incommensurable traits. Comparative studies are required to (...)
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  12.  27
    The Historiography of Scientism: A Critical Review.Casper Hakfoort - 1995 - History of Science 33 (4):375-395.
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  13. Trying to Resolve the Two-Envelope Problem.Casper J. Albers, Barteld P. Kooi & Willem Schaafsma - 2005 - Synthese 145 (1):89-109.
    After explaining the well-known two-envelope paradox by indicating the fallacy involved, we consider the two-envelope problem of evaluating the factual information provided to us in the form of the value contained by the envelope chosen first. We try to provide a synthesis of contributions from economy, psychology, logic, probability theory (in the form of Bayesian statistics), mathematical statistics (in the form of a decision-theoretic approach) and game theory. We conclude that the two-envelope problem does not allow a satisfactory solution. An (...)
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  14.  46
    What If We Were Already in the In-Between? Further Ventures Into the Ontologies of Science and Politics.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2013 - Foundations of Science 18 (2):331-336.
    What follows from the suggestion to pay attention to what is in-between science and politics? Karen François’s paper “In-between science and politics” follows Latour in arguing for the need for political theory to get out of the Platonic cave that it still inhabits. Political theory needs to be brought into the wild through empirical studies of how science and politics in fact intermix. And the Latourian proposition needs to be strengthened by focusing on the embodied knowledges that enable situated objectivities (...)
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  15.  18
    Deleuzian Intersections: Science, Technology, Anthropology.Casper Bruun Jensen & Kjetil Rödje (eds.) - 2010 - Berghahn Books.
    This volume outlines a Deleuzian approach to analyzing science, culture and politics.
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  16.  24
    Is There A Third One and Many Problem in Plato?Dennis J. Casper - 1977 - Apeiron 11 (2):20 - 26.
  17.  3
    The Missing Syntheses in the Historiography of Science.Casper Hakfoort - 1991 - History of Science 29 (84):207-216.
  18.  34
    Feminist Politics and Fetal Surgery: Adventures of a Research Cowgirl on the Reproductive Frontier.Monica J. Casper - 1997 - Feminist Studies 23 (2):232.
  19.  10
    The Money Trail: A New Historiography for Networks, Patronage, and Scientific Careers.Casper Andersen, Jakob Bek-Thomsen & Peter C. Kjærgaard - 2012 - Isis 103 (2):310-315.
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  20. Politics of Nature: How to Bring the Sciences Into Democracy. [REVIEW]Casper Bruun Jensen - 2006 - Human Studies 29 (1):107-122.
  21.  23
    Is There A Third One and Many Problem in Plato?Dennis J. Casper - 1975 - Apeiron 9 (2).
  22.  98
    Das theologisch-scholastische Umfeld und der anti-idolische Grundzug des Denkens des jungen Heidegger.Bernhard Casper - 2001 - Quaestio 1 (1):11-22.
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  23.  29
    Developing/Development Cyborgs.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2008 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (3):375-385.
    The paper takes as its starting point Donna Haraway’s suggestion, “The actors are cyborg, nature is coyote, and the geography is elsewhere”. It discusses first the understanding of the cyborg promoted by Haraway as illustrating an ontological non-humanist disposition, rather than a periodizing claim. The second part of the paper examines some instances of low-tech cyborg identities, which have emerged in developing countries (elsewhere) as a consequence of development initiatives. The paper argues that the quite literal attempts to develop cyborgs (...)
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  24.  5
    Comparative Relativism: Symposium on an Impossibility.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2011 - Common Knowledge 17 (1):1-12.
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  25.  23
    CSCW Design Reconceptualised Through Science Studies.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2001 - AI and Society 15 (3):200-215.
    This paper points out the need for an analytical and ontological reorientation of the field of computer-supported cooperative work (CSCW). It is argued that even though this field is heterogeneous it is marred by general problems of conceptualising the co-constitutive relations between humans and technologies. This is demonstrated through readings of several recent CSCW analyses. It is then suggested that a conceptual improvement can be facilitated by paying attention to newer scientific studies, here exemplified by Pickering, Haraway and Latour.
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  26.  4
    LIMK1 and CLIP‐115: Linking Cytoskeletal Defects to Williams Syndrome.Casper C. Hoogenraad, Anna Akhmanova, Niels Galjart & Chris I. De Zeeuw - 2004 - Bioessays 26 (2):141-150.
  27.  13
    Experimenting with What is Philosophy?Isabelle Stengers, Casper Bruun Jensen & Kjetil Rödje - 2010 - In Casper Bruun Jensen & Kjetil Rödje (eds.), Deleuzian Intersections: Science, Technology, Anthropology. Berghahn Books.
  28.  4
    Casper Hendrik Rautenbach: 'Singewing Aan Dink Al Hoe Meer in Verband Met Doen'Casper Hendrik Rautenbach: 'Singewing Aan Dink Al Hoe Meer in Verband Met Doen'.H. T. Van Deventer - 1987 - Hts Theological Studies 43 (1/2):2-12.
    Casper Hendrik Rautenbach: 'Deeds, more than ideas, make life meaningful'Professor Casper Hendrik Rautenbach was born on 6th of March 1902 in Zeerust in the Western Transvaal, RSA, where he matriculated at the Zeerust Public School at the end of 1918. In June 1923 he was awarded the MA degree in Philosophy and at the end of the same year the BD degree in Theology. In 1932 he completed his thesis, titled 'Sedelike Keuring '. After serving as clergyman in (...)
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  29.  44
    Dionysius and Longinus on the Sublime: Rhetoric and Religious Language.Casper C. de Jonge - 2012 - American Journal of Philology 133 (2):271-300.
    Longinus' On the Sublime presents itself as a response to the work of the Augustan critic Caecilius of Caleacte. Recent attempts to reconstruct Longinus' intellectual context have largely ignored the works of Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Caecilius' contemporary colleague . This article investigates the concept of hupsos and its religious aspects in Longinus and Dionysius, and reveals a remarkable continuity between the discourse of both authors. Dionysius' works inform us about an Augustan debate on Plato and the sublime, and thereby provide (...)
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  30.  12
    International Society in Victorian Political Thought: T. H. Green, Herbert Spencer, and Henry Sidgwick.Duncan Bell & Casper Sylvest - 2006 - Modern Intellectual History 3 (2):207-238.
  31. At the Margins of Humanity: Fetal Positions in Science and Medicine.Monica J. Casper - 1994 - Science, Technology and Human Values 19 (3):307-323.
    This article offers a comparative analysis of experimental fetal surgery and fetal tissue research. The author argues that fetuses are positioned differently across each set of practices, with significant implications for actors in these domains. By empirically charting the ways in which humanity is or is not attributed to fetal work objects, the author's argument challenges contemporary debates in science studies that tend to conceptualize human and nonhuman in dualistic terms. This analysis instead shows the heterogeneous attribution of these categories, (...)
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  32. A Tale of Two Technologies: HPV Vaccination, Male Circumcision, and Sexual Health.Monica J. Casper & Laura M. Carpenter - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (6):790-816.
    This article brings insights from feminist science and technology studies to bear on recent public debates over the human papillomavirus vaccine, which prevents many cervical cancers, and male circumcision as potential HIV preventive. In the United States, attempts to mandate HPV vaccination have activated intense concerns about female “promiscuity,” whereas talk of promoting circumcision against HIV has triggered scant anxiety about American boys’ sexuality. The authors show how intersections among gender, sexuality, race, and age have shaped responses to these two (...)
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  33.  24
    Reductionism in Epigenetics.Stephen T. Casper - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (1):132-135.
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  34.  13
    New Zeno and Actual Infinity.Hansen Casper - 2011 - Open Journal of Philosophy 1 (2):57-60.
    In 1964 José Benardete invented the “New Zeno Paradox” about an infinity of gods trying to prevent a traveller from reaching his destination. In this paper it is argued, contra Priest and Yablo, that the paradox must be resolved by rejecting the possibility of actual infinity. Further, it is shown that this paradox has the same logical form as Yablo’s Paradox. It is suggested that constructivism can serve as the basis of a common solution to New Zeno and the paradoxes (...)
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  35. Continuous Variations: The Conceptual and the Empirical in STS.Casper Bruun Jensen - 2014 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 39 (2):192-213.
    The dichotomy between the conceptual and the empirical is part of common sense, yet its organizing force also extends to intellectual life more generally, including the disciplinary life of science and technology studies. This article problematizes this dichotomy as it operates in contemporary STS discussions, arguing instead that the conceptual and the empirical form unstable hybrids. Beginning with a discussion of the “discontents” with which the dominant theory methods packages in STS are viewed, it is suggested that STS has entered (...)
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  36.  53
    Bart Schultz and Georgios Varouxakis (Eds.), Utilitarianism and Empire (Lanham, Md: Lexington Books, 2005), Pp. IX + 263. [REVIEW]Casper Sylvest - 2010 - Utilitas 22 (1):90-93.
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  37.  21
    The Entertainment of Evildoers.Casper Tybjerg - 1999 - The European Legacy 4 (1):138-142.
    The Ministry of Illusion: Nazi Cinema and Its Afterlife. By Eric Rentschler (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996) xviii + 456 pp. $60.00 cloth, $25.00 paper.
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  38. The Foundation of Thought in Thanksgiving Observations on an Understanding of Rationality Which Originated Elsewhere.Bernhard von Casper - 2012 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 104 (1):3-27.
     
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  39.  6
    NINK, CASPER, S. J. "Ontologie". [REVIEW]Allan B. Wolter - 1953 - Modern Schoolman 31:139.
  40.  1
    Constructivist Perspectives on Medical Work: Medical Practices and Science and Technology Studies: Introduction.Marc Berg & Monica J. Casper - 1995 - Science, Technology and Human Values 20 (4):395-407.
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  41.  23
    David N. Livingstone and Charles W.J. Withers , Geographies of Nineteenth-Century Science. London and Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2011. Pp. X+526. ISBN 978-0-226-48726-7. £35.50. [REVIEW]Casper Andersen - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Science 45 (1):136-138.
  42. Casper J. Albers, Barteld P. Kooi and Willem Schaafsma/Trying to Resolve the Two-Envelope Problem Edwin H.-C. Hung/Projective Explanation: How Theories Explain Empirical Data in Spite of Theory. [REVIEW]Fc Boogerd, Fj Bruggeman & Rc Richardson - 2005 - Synthese 145 (1):499-500.
     
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  43.  8
    Casper Hakfoort.Geoffrey Cantor - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Science 33 (2):227-229.
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  44.  12
    Casper Hakfoort, Optics in the Age of Euler: Conceptions of the Nature of Light, 1700–1795. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995, Pp. Vii + 243. ISBN 0-521-40471-1. £35.00, $64.95. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Cantor - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (2):236-238.
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  45.  2
    Amicizia e diacronia.Bernhard Casper - 2004 - Idee 55:25-30.
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  46.  23
    A History of the Locked-In-Syndrome: Ethics in the Making of Neurological Consciousness, 1880-Present.Stephen T. Casper - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (2):145-161.
    Extensive scholarship has described the historical and ethical imperatives shaping the emergence of the brain death criteria in the 1960s and 1970s. This essay explores the longer intellectual history that shaped theories of neurological consciousness from the late-nineteenth century to that period, and argues that a significant transformation occurred in the elaboration of those theories in the 1960s and after, the period when various disturbances of consciousness were discovered or thoroughly elaborated. Numerous historical conditions can be identified and attributed to (...)
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  47.  25
    Andrew Scull. Madness in Civilization: A Cultural History of Insanity From the Bible to Freud, From the Madhouse to Modern Medicine. 448 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. London: Thames & Hudson, 2015. £28. [REVIEW]Stephen T. Casper - 2016 - Isis 107 (3):608-609.
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  48. Access to Religion in the Thought of Levinas, Emmanuel.B. Casper - 1988 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 95 (2):268-277.
     
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  49.  15
    Bulimia is More Than a Form of Hyperphagia.Regina C. Casper & R. Francis Schlemmer - 1981 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 4 (4):578-579.
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  50. Chickens and Eggs: A Commentary on Chris Renwick’s “Completing the Circle of the Social Sciences? William Beveridge and Social Biology at London School of Economics During the 1930s”.Stephen T. Casper - 2014 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 44 (4):506-514.
    Why would anyone want there to be natural foundations for the social sciences? In a provocative essay exploring precisely that question, historian Chris Renwick uses an interwar debate featuring William Beveridge, Lancelot Hogben, and Friedrich Hayek to begin to imagine what might have been had such a program calling for biological knowledge to form the natural bases of the social sciences been realized at the London School of Economics. Yet perhaps Renwick grants too much attention to differences and “what-ifs” and (...)
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