Search results for 'Castor Mendez' (try it on Scholar)

320 found
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  1.  28
    Luis Jimenez, Castor Mendez & Axel Cleeremans, Measures of Awareness and of Sequence Knowledge.
    Jackson and Jackson (1995) argue that most current tests used to assess awareness of sequential material are flawed because of their emphasis on accuracy. They propose to distinguish two forms of sequence knowledge: Serial knowledge, that is, knowledge about the specific sequence that stimuli follow, which involves information about the statistical relationship between many sequence elements, and statistical knowledge, or knowledge about the probability of different transitions between adjacent sequence elements. Further, they suggest a new method to analyze generation performance, (...)
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  2. Jose M. Mendez (2002). Four Kinds of Subminimal Negation Within the Context of the Basic Positive Logic B+ Jose M. Mendez, Francisco Salto and Pedro Mendez R. Logique Et Analyse 45 (178):119-128.
     
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  3.  28
    José M. Méndez, A Note on "Recent Work in Relevant Logic".
    In his paper “Recent work in relevant logic”, Jago includes a section on Disjunctive Syllogism . The content of the section essentially consists of (a) a valuation of some work by Robles and Méndez on the topic as “not particularly interesting in itself”; (b) a statement establishing that “What would be interesting is to discover just how weak a relevant logic needs to be before disjunctive syllogism becomes inadmissible”. The main problem with this section of Jago’s paper on DS is (...)
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  4. Gemma Robles, José M. Méndez & Francisco Salto (2010). A Modal Restriction of R-Mingle with the Variable-Sharing Property. Logic and Logical Philosophy 19 (4):341-351.
    A restriction of R-Mingle with the variable-sharing property and the Ackermann properties is defined. From an intuitive semantical point of view, this restriction is an alternative to Anderson and Belnap’s logic of entailment E.
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  5. José M. Méndez (2010). A Routley-Meyer Semantics for Ackermann's Logics of “Strenge Implication”. Logic and Logical Philosophy 18 (3-4):191-219.
    The aim of this paper is to provide a Routley-Meyer semantics for Ackermann’s logics of “strenge Implikation” Π ′ and Π ′′ . Besides the Disjunctive Syllogism, this semantics validates the rules Necessitation and Assertion. Strong completeness theorems for Π ′ and Π ′′ are proved. A brief discussion on Π ′ , Π ′′ and paraconsistency is included.
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  6. Manuel Toscano Méndez (2012). Language Rights as Collective Rights: Some Conceptual Considerations on Language Rights. Res Publica: Revista de Filosofía Política 27:109-118.
     
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  7.  2
    G. Robles & J. M. Mendez (2015). A Binary Routley Semantics for Intuitionistic De Morgan Minimal Logic HM and its Extensions. Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (2):174-193.
  8.  21
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2008). The Basic Constructive Logic for a Weak Sense of Consistency. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):89-107.
    In this paper, consistency is understood as the absence of the negation of a theorem, and not, in general, as the absence of any contradiction. We define the basic constructive logic BKc1 adequate to this sense of consistency in the ternary relational semantics without a set of designated points. Then we show how to define a series of logics extending BKc1 within the spectrum delimited by contractionless minimal intuitionistic logic. All logics defined in the paper are paraconsistent logics.
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  9.  5
    Z. Master, M. McLeod & I. Mendez (2007). Benefits, Risks and Ethical Considerations in Translation of Stem Cell Research to Clinical Applications in Parkinson's Disease. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):169-173.
    Stem cells are likely to be used as an alternate source of biological material for neural transplantation to treat Parkinson’s disease in the not too distant future. Among the several ethical criteria that must be fulfilled before proceeding with clinical research, a favourable benefit to risk ratio must be obtained. The potential benefits to the participant and to society are evaluated relative to the risks in an attempt to offer the participants a reasonable choice. Through examination of preclinical studies transplanting (...)
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  10.  4
    José M. Méndez, Gemma Robles & Francisco Salto (2016). An Interpretation of Łukasiewicz’s 4-Valued Modal Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic 45 (1):73-87.
    A simple, bivalent semantics is defined for Łukasiewicz’s 4-valued modal logic Łm4. It is shown that according to this semantics, the essential presupposition underlying Łm4 is the following: A is a theorem iff A is true conforming to both the reductionist and possibilist theses defined as follows: rt: the value of modal formulas is equivalent to the value of their respective argument iff A is true, etc.); pt: everything is possible. This presupposition highlights and explains all oddities arising in Łm4.
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  11.  14
    Adalberto de Hoyos, Rodrigo Nava-Diosdado, Jorge Mendez, Sergio Ricco, Ana Serrano, Carmen Flores Cisneros, Carlos Macías-Ojeda, Héctor Cisneros, David Bialostozky, Nelly Altamirano-Bustamante & Myriam Altamirano-Bustamante (2013). Cardiovascular Medicine at Face Value: A Qualitative Pilot Study on Clinical Axiology. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 8 (1):3.
    Cardiology is characterized by its state-of-the-art biomedical technology and the predominance of Evidence-Based Medicine. This predominance makes it difficult for healthcare professionals to deal with the ethical dilemmas that emerge in this subspecialty. This paper is a first endeavor to empirically investigate the axiological foundations of the healthcare professionals in a cardiology hospital. Our pilot study selected, as the target population, cardiology personnel not only because of their difficult ethical deliberations but also because of the stringent conditions in which they (...)
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  12. Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2011). A Routley-Meyer Semantics for Relevant Logics Including TWR Plus the Disjunctive Syllogism. Logic Journal of the IGPL 19 (1):18-32.
    We provide Routley-Meyer type semantics for relevant logics including Contractionless Ticket Entailment TW (without the truth constant t and o) plus reductio R and Ackermann’s rule γ (i.e., disjunctive syllogism). These logics have the following properties. (i) All have the variable sharing property; some of them have, in addition, the Ackermann Property. (ii) They are stable. (iii) Inconsistent theories built upon these logics are not necessarily trivial.
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  13.  1
    G. Robles & J. M. Mendez (2014). A Paraconsistent 3-Valued Logic Related to Godel Logic G3. Logic Journal of the IGPL 22 (4):515-538.
  14.  6
    G. Robles & J. M. Mendez (2014). A Routley-Meyer Semantics for Truth-Preserving and Well-Determined Lukasiewicz 3-Valued Logics. Logic Journal of the IGPL 22 (1):1-23.
    Łukasiewicz 3-valued logic Ł3 is often understood as the set of all valid formulas according to Łukasiewicz 3-valued matrices MŁ3. Following Wojcicki, in addition, we shall consider two alternative interpretations of Ł3: ‘truth-preserving’ Ł3a and ‘well-determined’ Ł3b defined by two different consequence relations on the 3-valued matrices MŁ3. The aim of this article is to provide a Routley–Meyer ternary semantics for each one of these three versions of Łukasiewicz 3-valued logic: Ł3, Ł3a and Ł3b.
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  15.  63
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2005). Two Versions of Minimal Intuitionism with the Cap. A Note. Theoria 20 (2):183-190.
    Two versions of minimal intuitionism are defined restricting Contraction. Both are defined by means of a falsity constant F. The first one follows the historical trend, the second is the result of imposing specialconstraints on F. RelationaI ternary semantics are provided.
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  16.  82
    Carolyn Erdener, Pedro Gabriel Márquez Pérez & Joaquin Flores Mendez (2007). Cultural Perspectives of Managerial Ethics and Corruption. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:15-20.
    International business enterprises face a number of ethical issues when conducting business in unfamiliar parts of the world, especially in places wherecorruption is deeply rooted. This is the situation in Latin America - a highly heterogeneous region characterized by cultural complexity, inconsistencies, andcontradictions at multiple levels of society, with implications for business ethics that are potentially as troubling to outsiders as they are opaque.We briefly indicate the relevant academic literature on this subject, noting that studies of business ethics in Latin (...)
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  17.  2
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2010). A Routley-Meyer Type Semantics for Relevant Logics Including Br Plus the Disjunctive Syllogism. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (2):139-158.
  18.  9
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2004). The Logic B and the Reductio Axioms. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 33 (2):87-94.
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  19.  11
    Adalberto de Hoyos, Rodrigo Nava-Diosdado, Jorge Mendez, Sergio Ricco, Ana Serrano, C. Flores Cisneros, Carlos Macías-Ojeda, Héctor Cisneros, P. G. Barbara & B. J. Gilbert (2012). Cardiovascular Medicine at Face Value: A Qualitative Pilot Study on Clinical Axiology. Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7 (1):14.
    IntroductionCardiology is characterized by its state-of-the-art biomedical technology and the predominance of Evidence-Based Medicine. This predominance makes it difficult for healthcare professionals to deal with the ethical dilemmas that emerge in this subspecialty. This paper is a first endeavor to empirically investigate the axiological foundations of the healthcare professionals in a cardiology hospital. Our pilot study selected, as the target population, cardiology personnel not only because of their difficult ethical deliberations but also because of the stringent conditions in which they (...)
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  20.  16
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2005). Relational Ternary Semantics for a Logic Equivalent to Involutive Monoidal T-Norm Based Logic IMTL. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 34 (2):101-116.
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  21.  17
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2010). Axiomatizing S4+ and J+ Without the Suffixing, Prefixing and Self-Distribution of the Conditional Axioms. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 39 (1/2):79-91.
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  22.  34
    Carolyn Erdener, Pedro G. Márquez Pérez & Joaquin Flores Mendez (2007). A Practical Approach to Managing Ethics and Corruption Across Cultures. Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:21-26.
    This paper describes a novel diagramming technique that we have found useful for highlighting differences in the work values of countries located within a single cultural region, followed by a brief demonstration of its application to countries in two regions (Latin America and the Mediterranean) with regard to managing corruption. We also indicate a few of the various ways that this technique can be used, such as to identify similarities between countries that are not in the same cultural region, yet (...)
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  23.  11
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2012). A General Characterization of the Variable-Sharing Property by Means of Logical Matrices. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 53 (2):223-244.
    As is well known, the variable-sharing property (vsp) is, according to Anderson and Belnap, a necessary property of any relevant logic. In this paper, we shall consider two versions of the vsp, what we label the "weak vsp" (wvsp) and the "strong vsp" (svsp). In addition, the "no loose pieces property," a property related to the wvsp and the svsp, will be defined. Each one of these properties shall generally be characterized by means of a class of logical matrices. In (...)
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  24.  6
    José M. Méndez & Gemma Robles (2007). Relevance Logics, Paradoxes of Consistency and the K Rule II. A Non-Constructive Negation. Logic and Logical Philosophy 15 (3):175-191.
    The logic B+ is Routley and Meyer’s basic positive logic. We define the logics BK+ and BK'+ by adding to B+ the K rule and to BK+ the characteristic S4 axiom, respectively. These logics are endowed with a relatively strong non-constructive negation. We prove that all the logics defined lack the K axiom and the standard paradoxes of consistency.
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  25.  17
    Juan E. Méndez (2001). National Reconciliation, Transnational Justice, and the International Criminal Court. Ethics and International Affairs 15 (1):25–44.
    Universal jurisdiction and the existence of an International Criminal Court under the Rome Statute provide a framework through which true reconciliation can be achieved simultaneously with truth and justice.
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  26.  2
    José M. Méndez, Gemma Robles & Francisco Salto (2012). Ticket Entailment Plus the Mingle Axiom has the Variable-Sharing Property. Logic Journal of the IGPL 20 (1):355-364.
    The logic TM is the result of adding the mingle axiom, M to Ticket Entailment logic, T. In the present study, it is proved that TM has the variable-sharing property . Ternary relational semantics for TM is provided. Finally, an interesting extension of TM with the vsp is briefly discussed.
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  27.  19
    José M. Méndez, Gemma Robles & Francisco Salto (2007). The Basic Constructive Logic for Negation-Consistency Defined with a Propositional Falsity Constant. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 36 (1-2):45-58.
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  28. J. Mendez, F. Salto & G. Robles (2002). Anderson And Belnap's Minimal Positive Logic With Minimal Negation. Reports on Mathematical Logic:117-130.
     
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  29. G. Robles, J. Mendez & F. Salto (2005). Minimal Negation in the Ternary Relational Semantics. Reports on Mathematical Logic:47-65.
    Minimal Negation is defined within the basic positive relevance logic in the relational ternary semantics: B+. Thus, by defining a number of subminimal negations in the B+ context, principles of weak negation are shown to be isolable. Complete ternary semantics are offered for minimal negation in B+. Certain forms of reductio are conjectured to be undefinable without extending the positive logic. Complete semantics for such kinds of reductio in a properly extended positive logic are offered.
     
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  30.  45
    B. Fernández & Alfredo Romero Méndez (2002). Estudio Multidimensional de Representaciones Sociales: El Caso de Los Colectivos Agropecuarios. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 7 (17):37-51.
    The scientific approach to these social conglomerates implies the assumption of a systemic and anti-essentialist posture that considers the complexity of the social weave. In this article the process of interpreting these agricultural communities from the phenomenological perspective is consid..
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  31.  14
    E. M. Hammer, J. Hawthorne, M. Kracht, E. Martino, J. M. Mendez, R. K. Meyer, L. S. Moss, A. Tzouvaras, J. van Benthem & F. Wolter (1998). De Rijke, M., 109 Di Maio, MC, 435 Doria, FA, 553 French, S., 603. Journal of Philosophical Logic 27 (661).
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  32.  17
    José M. Méndez & Gemma Robles (2009). The Basic Constructive Logic for Absolute Consistency. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (2):199-216.
    In this paper, consistency is understood as absolute consistency (i.e. non-triviality). The basic constructive logic BKc6, which is adequate to this sense of consistency in the ternary relational semantics without a set of designated points, is defined. Then, it is shown how to define a series of logics by extending BKc6 up to contractionless intuitionistic logic. All logics defined in this paper are paraconsistent logics.
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  33.  14
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2009). Strong Paraconsistency and the Basic Constructive Logic for an Even Weaker Sense of Consistency. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 18 (3):357-402.
    In a standard sense, consistency and paraconsistency are understood as the absence of any contradiction and as the absence of the ECQ (‘E contradictione quodlibet’) rule, respectively. The concepts of weak consistency (in two different senses) as well as that of F -consistency have been defined by the authors. The aim of this paper is (a) to define alternative (to the standard one) concepts of paraconsistency in respect of the aforementioned notions of weak consistency and F -consistency; (b) to define (...)
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  34.  4
    José M. Méndez & Gemma Robles (2008). Relevance Logics and Intuitionistic Negation. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 18 (1):49-65.
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  35.  10
    J. M. Méndez & F. Salto (2000). Intuitionistic Propositional Logic Without 'Contraction' but with 'Reductio'. Studia Logica 66 (3):409-418.
    Routley- Meyer type relational complete semantics are constructed for intuitionistic contractionless logic with reductio. Different negation completions of positive intuitionistic logic without contraction are treated in a systematical, unified and semantically complete setting.
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  36.  23
    Agustina Yadira Martínez & Ana Irene Méndez (2006). Utopía de la Soberanía Popular: La Convocatoria de Una Asamblea Constituyente. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 11 (34):91-104.
    The objective of this paper is to make evident the political impact of popular sovereignty in the search for a new social structure, in virtue of the crisis that the representative system of party hegemony manifested, in order to point out in the first place the need of the Venezuelan people to ..
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  37.  15
    José M. Mendez (1988). 1. Select List of Representative Theses. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 17 (1):15-20.
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  38.  21
    Francisco Salto & José M. Méndez (1999). Two Extensions of Lewis' S3 with Peirce's Law. Theoria 14 (3):407-411.
    We define two extensions of Lewis’ S3 with two versions of Peirce’s Law. We prove that both of them have the Ackermann Property.
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  39.  2
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2006). Converse Ackermann Property and Constructive Negation Defined with a Negation Connective. Logic and Logical Philosophy 15 (2):113-130.
    The Converse Ackermann Property is the unprovability of formulas of the form (A -> B) -> C when C does contain neither -> nor ¬. Intuitively, the CAP amounts to rule out the derivability of pure non-necessitive propositions from non-necessitive ones. A constructive negation of the sort historically defined by, e.g., Johansson is added to positive logics with the CAP in the spectrum delimited by Ticket Entailment and Dummett’s logic LC.
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  40.  17
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2009). The Basic Constructive Logic for Weak Consistency and the Reductio Axioms. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 38 (1/2):61-76.
  41.  16
    Gemma Robles, Francisco Salto & José M. Méndez (2011). A Weak Logic with the Axiom Mingle Lacking the Variable-Sharing Property. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 40 (3/4):195-202.
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  42.  15
    Gemma Robles & José M. Méndez (2005). A Constructive Negation for Logics Including TW+. Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 15 (4):389-404.
  43.  22
    José M. Méndez (1985). Systems with the Converse Ackermann Property. Theoria 1 (1):253-258.
    A system S has the “converse Ackermann property” (C.A.P.) if (A -> B) -> C is unprovable in S whenever C is a propositional variable. In this paper we define the fragments with the C.A.P. of some well-know propositional systems in the spectrum between the minimal and classical logic. In the first part we succesively study the implicative and positive fragments and the full calculi. In the second, we prove by a matrix method that each one of the systems has (...)
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  44.  22
    José M. Méndez, Francisco Salto & Gemma Robles (2007). El Sistema Bp+ : Una Lógica Positiva Mínima Para la Negación Mínima (the System Bp+: A Minimal Positive Logic for Minimal Negation). Theoria 22 (1):81-91.
    Entendemos el concepto de “negación mínima” en el sentido clásico definido por Johansson. El propósito de este artículo es definir la lógica positiva mínima Bp+, y probar que la negación mínima puede introducirse en ella. Además, comentaremos algunas de las múltiples extensiones negativas de Bp+.“Minimal negation” is classically understood in a Johansson sense. The aim of this paper is to define the minimal positive logic Bp+ and prove that a minimal negation can be inroduced in it. In addition, some of (...)
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  45.  14
    Isabel Méndez (forthcoming). La doctrina política y jurídica de Epicuro. Res Publica.
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  46.  1
    Juan Méndez & Bruce Stillman (2003). Perpetuating the Double Helix: Molecular Machines at Eukaryotic DNA Replication Origins. Bioessays 25 (12):1158-1167.
  47.  12
    José M. Méndez (1987). Axiomatizing E→ and R→ with Anderson and Belnap's 'Strong and Natural'list of Valid Entailments. Bulletin of the Section of Logic 16 (1):2-7.
    We provide all possible axiomatizations with independent axioms of E→ and R→ formulable with Anderson and Belnap’s list.
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  48.  21
    Ana Irene Méndez & Elda Morales (2010). Comunicación y sistema democrático. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana 15 (51):81-97.
    Este estudio examina las relaciones entre política, poder, comunicación y cultura y el impacto de las nuevas tecnologías en esas relaciones. En él se destaca la función de la universidad en la producción de conocimiento útil al ciudadano en sus prácticas político-sociales, en la interpretación del m..
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  49.  21
    José M. Méndez (1990). Exhaustively Axiomatizing RMO with an Appropiate Extension of Anderson and Belnap's “Strong and Natural List of Valid Entailments”. Theoria 5 (1):223-228.
    RMO -> is the result of adding the ‘mingle principle’ (viz. A-> (A -> A)) to Anderson and Belnap’s implicative logic of relevance R->. The aim of this paper is to provide all possible axiomatizations with independent axioms of RMO -> formulable with Anderson and Belnap’s list extended with three characteristic minglish principles.
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  50.  8
    José M. Méndez & Gemma Robles (2015). A Strong and Rich 4-Valued Modal Logic Without Łukasiewicz-Type Paradoxes. Logica Universalis 9 (4):501-522.
    The aim of this paper is to introduce an alternative to Łukasiewicz’s 4-valued modal logic Ł. As it is known, Ł is afflicted by “Łukasiewicz type paradoxes”. The logic we define, PŁ4, is a strong paraconsistent and paracomplete 4-valued modal logic free from this type of paradoxes. PŁ4 is determined by the degree of truth-preserving consequence relation defined on the ordered set of values of a modification of the matrix MŁ characteristic for the logic Ł. On the other hand, PŁ4 (...)
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