Results for 'Categorization'

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  1.  31
    Categorisation in Indian Philosophy: Thinking Inside the Box ed. by Jessica Frazier.Douglas L. Berger - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (2):655-660.
    In Categorisation in Indian Philosophy: Thinking Inside the Box, Jessica Frazier has brought together an impressive array of scholars who have contributed nine essays, plus an introductory and concluding chapter, both written by her, which collectively provide a most fruitful perspective for examining classical South Asian traditions of thought. Creating categorial frameworks was certainly a prolific activity among the ancient and medieval authors of the darśanas, and indeed these authors drew heavily from pre-scholastic texts and language to build their systems. (...)
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  2.  18
    Membership categorisation and antagonistic Twitter formulations.Marina Jirotka, Rob Procter, Adam Edwards, Helena Webb & William Housley - 2017 - Discourse and Communication 11 (6):567-590.
    During the course of this article, we examine the use of membership categorisation practices by a high-profile celebrity public social media account that has been understood to generate interest, attention and controversy across the UK media ecology. We utilise a data set of harvested tweets gathered from a high-profile public ‘celebrity antagonist’ in order to systematically identify types of antagonistic formulation that have generated different levels of interest within the social media community and beyond. Drawing from classic ethnomethodological studies of (...)
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  3.  22
    Categorisation, causation, and the limits of understanding.Frank Keil - manuscript
    Although recent work has emphasised the importance of naı¨ve theories to categorisation, there has been little work examining the grain of analysis at which causal information normally influences categorisation. That level of analysis may often go unappreciated because of an ‘‘illusion of explanatory depth’’, in which people think they mentally represent causal explanatory relations in far more detail than they really do. Naı¨ve theories therefore might seem to be irrelevant to categorisation, or perhaps they only involve noting the presence of (...)
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  4.  10
    Categorisation, causation, and the limits of understanding.Frank Keil - 2003 - Language and Cognitive Processes 18 (5-6):663-692.
    Although recent work has emphasised the importance of naïve theories to categorisation, there has been little work examining the grain of analysis at which causal information normally influences categorisation. That level of analysis may often go unappreciated because of an “illusion of explanatory depth”, in which people think they mentally represent causal explanatory relations in far more detail than they really do. Naïve theories therefore might seem to be irrelevant to categorisation, or perhaps they only involve noting the presence of (...)
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  5.  18
    La catégorisation au travail.Francis Jacques - 1999 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4:539-563.
    Faut-il abandonner l'idée de catégorisation ou lui conserver une fonction plus restreinte, diversifiée, domaniale ? On se demande ce qui peut être préservé de la conception transcendantale pour prolonger son évolution récente au-delà de Wittgenstein, Goodman et Peirce. On propose une approche interrogative, présuppositionnelle et textologique qui lui conserve assez de fonctions , pour qu'il reste significatif de parler de catégorisation. Au lieu d'être immobiles, les catégories ont vocation à commander la recherche, qu'elle soit enquête scientifique ou même quête religieuse. (...)
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  6. A categorisation of school rules.Robert Thornberg - 2008 - Educational Studies 34 (1):25-33.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate and describe the content in school rules by developing a category system of school rules, and thus making the logic behind different types of rules in school explicit. Data were derived from an ethnographic study conducted in two primary schools in Sweden. In order to analyse the data, grounded theory methodology was adapted. The analysis resulted in a category system of school rules, containing the following main categories: (a) relational rules, (b) structuring (...)
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  7.  20
    Director categorisation and monitoring efficiency.Mustafa Dah, Samira Abi Dames & Bilal Al Dah - 2022 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 1 (1):1.
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  8.  46
    Affective priming of semantic categorisation responses.Jan De Houwer, Dirk Hermans, Klaus Rothermund & Dirk Wentura - 2002 - Cognition and Emotion 16 (5):643-666.
  9.  18
    Categorisation and the Moral Order, by Lena Jayusi.David Francis - 1987 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 18 (1):95-96.
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  10.  21
    Affective priming in the valent/neutral categorisation task is due to affective matching, not encoding facilitation: Reply to Spruyt.Klaus Rothermund & Benedikt Werner - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (3):570-576.
    Spruyt obtained an affective congruency effect in a valent/neutral categorisation task, which contrasts with the absence of such an effect in the same task that was reported by Werner and Rothermund. The crucial difference between the two studies is that Spruyt presented only valent primes, whereas Werner and Rothermund presented equal amounts of valent and neutral primes and targets in their experiments. Removing the neutral primes introduces a confound of affective matches with the required response. Affective congruency effects in Spruyt's (...)
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  11.  85
    Tolerance effect in categorisation with vague predicates.Minyao Huang - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):340-358.
    Vagueness is understood as the problem of associating imprecise application criteria with ordinary predicates such as ‘bald’ or ‘blue’. It is often construed as due to one’s tolerance to a minute difference in forming a verdict on the application of a vague predicate. This paper reports an experiment conducted to test the effect of tolerance, using as paradigm categorisation tasks performed with respect to transitional series, e.g., a series of tomatoes from red to orange. The findings suggest a negative effect (...)
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  12.  3
    Categorisation in Indian philosophy: thinking inside the box.Jessica Frazier (ed.) - 2014 - Burlington: Ashgate.
    Shedding light on the way in which Indian philosophical traditions crafted an elaborate picture of the world, this book brings Indian thinkers into dialogue with modern philosophy and global concerns. For those interested in philosophical traditions in general, this book will establish a foundation for further comparative perspectives on philosophy. For those concerned with the understanding of Indic culture, it will provide a platform for the continued renaissance of research into India's rich philosophical traditions.
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  13.  25
    Attention please: No affective priming effects in a valent/neutral-categorisation task.Benedikt Werner & Klaus Rothermund - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):119-132.
    Affective congruency effects in the evaluation task can be explained by either spreading of activation or response competition. Eliminating effects of response compatibility by using other tasks (semantic categorisation, naming task) typically also eliminates affective congruency effects. However, there is no need for processing the affective information of the stimuli in these tasks either, which could be necessary for an affectively mediated spreading of activation (Spruyt et al., 2007, 2009, 2012). We introduced a new task to further test this hypothesis. (...)
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  14.  41
    Categories, categorisation and development: Introspective knowledge is no threat to functionalism.Kim Sterelny - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (1):81-83.
  15. Catégorisation et norme comme épreuves réciproques: L'exemple du Droit hébraïque.Frank Alvarez-Pereyre - 2008 - In Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--317.
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  16.  50
    Tolerance effect in categorisation with vague predicates.Minyao Huang - 2013 - Pragmatics and Cognition 21 (2):340-358.
    Vagueness is understood as the problem of associating imprecise application criteria with ordinary predicates such as ‘bald’ or ‘blue’. It is often construed as due to one’s tolerance to a minute difference in forming a verdict on the application of a vague predicate. This paper reports an experiment conducted to test the effect of tolerance, using as paradigm categorisation tasks performed with respect to transitional series, e.g., a series of tomatoes from red to orange. The findings suggest a negative effect (...)
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  17. Critères de catégorisation Des systèmes scripturaux: Quelques réflexions autour du hanyu pinyin ($ xî § £ F h).Amandine Bergère - 2008 - In Frank Alvarez-Pereyre (ed.), Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--171.
     
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  18.  68
    Beyond dual-process models: A categorisation of processes underlying intuitive judgement and decision making.Cilia Witteman & Andreas Glöckner - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):1-25.
    Intuitive-automatic processes are crucial for making judgements and decisions. The fascinating complexity of these processes has attracted many decision researchers, prompting them to start investigating intuition empirically and to develop numerous models. Dual-process models assume a clear distinction between intuitive and deliberate processes but provide no further differentiation within both categories. We go beyond these models and argue that intuition is not a homogeneous concept, but a label used for different cognitive mechanisms. We suggest that these mechanisms have to be (...)
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  19.  30
    Bargaining over a common categorisation.Marco LiCalzi & Nadia Maagli - 2016 - Synthese 193 (3):705-723.
    Two agents endowed with different categorisations engage in bargaining to reach an understanding and agree on a common categorisation. We model the process as a simple non-cooperative game and demonstrate three results. When the initial disagreement is focused, the bargaining process has a zero-sum structure. When the disagreement is widespread, the zero-sum structure disappears and the unique equilibrium requires a retraction of consensus: two agents who individually associate a region with the same category end up rebranding it under a different (...)
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  20. Categorisation of sexual orientation: A test of essentialism.Nick Braisby & Ian Hodges - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 2956--2961.
  21.  33
    Similarity and categorisation: neuropsychological evidence for a dissociation in explicit categorisation tasks.Debi Roberson, Jules Davidoff & Nick Braisby - 1999 - Cognition 71 (1):1-42.
  22.  42
    Reasoning based on categorisation for interpreting and acting: a first approach.Elisabetta Zibetti, Vicenç Quera, Charles Tijus & Francesc Salvador Beltran - 2001 - Mind and Society 2 (2):87-104.
    Taking a detour to reach a goal is intelligent behavior based on making inferences. The main purpose of the present research is to show how such apparently complex behavior can emerge from basic mechanisms such as contextual categorisation and goal attribution when perceiving people. We presentacacia (Action by Contextually Automated Categorising Interactive Agents), a computer model implemented using StarLogo software, grounded in the principles of Artificial Life (Al), capable of simulating the behavior of a group of agents with a goal (...)
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  23.  31
    Embodiment, spatial categorisation and action.Yann Coello & Yvonne Delevoye-Turrell - 2007 - Consciousness and Cognition 16 (3):667-683.
    Despite the subjective experience of a continuous and coherent external world, we will argue that the perception and categorisation of visual space is constrained by the spatial resolution of the sensory systems but also and above all, by the pre-reflective representations of the body in action. Recent empirical data in cognitive neurosciences will be presented that suggest that multidimensional categorisation of perceptual space depends on body representations at both an experiential and a functional level. Results will also be resumed that (...)
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  24.  13
    Étude et catégorisation de pratiques effectives entre professeurs et auxiliaires de vie scolaire (AVS) à l’école primaire.Marie Toullec-Théry & Isabelle Nédélec-Trohel - 2008 - Alter - European Journal of Disability Research / Revue Européenne de Recherche Sur le Handicap 2 (4):337-358.
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  25.  48
    La catégorisation des noms communs: massifs et comptables.David Nicolas - 2002 - In La catégorisation des noms communs: massifs et comptables.
  26. Advances in Membership Categorisation Analysis.[author unknown] - 2015
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  27.  7
    ‘We will take care of you’: Identity categorisation markers in intercultural medical encounters.Francesca Alby, Marilena Fatigante, Cristina Zucchermaglio & Valentina Fantasia - 2021 - Discourse Studies 23 (4):451-473.
    Ethnomethodology research has systematically investigated discursive practices of categorisation, looking at the various ways by which social actors ascribe both themselves and others to identity categories to accomplish various kinds of social actions. Drawing on a data corpus of oncological visits collected in an Italian hospital, involving both native and non-native patients, the present work analyses how participants in these intercultural medical encounters invoke and make relevant social identity categories by the marking of collective pronouns in their talk. Our results (...)
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  28.  36
    Facial age cues and emotional expression interact asymmetrically: age cues moderate emotion categorisation.Belinda M. Craig & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (2):350-362.
    Facial attributes such as race, sex, and age can interact with emotional expressions; however, only a couple of studies have investigated the nature of the interaction between facial age cues and emotional expressions and these have produced inconsistent results. Additionally, these studies have not addressed the mechanism/s driving the influence of facial age cues on emotional expression or vice versa. In the current study, participants categorised young and older adult faces expressing happiness and anger or sadness by their age and (...)
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  29.  41
    Causality and the categorisation of objects and events.Christian D. Schunn & Alonso H. Vera - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (3):237 – 284.
  30. Beyond dual-process models: A categorisation of processes underlying intuitive judgement and decision making.Andreas Glöckner & Cilia Witteman - 2010 - Thinking and Reasoning 16 (1):1 – 25.
    Intuitive-automatic processes are crucial for making judgements and decisions. The fascinating complexity of these processes has attracted many decision researchers, prompting them to start investigating intuition empirically and to develop numerous models. Dual-process models assume a clear distinction between intuitive and deliberate processes but provide no further differentiation within both categories. We go beyond these models and argue that intuition is not a homogeneous concept, but a label used for different cognitive mechanisms. We suggest that these mechanisms have to be (...)
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  31. La catégorisation multiple en linguistique: Étude Des auxiliaires en espagnol.Marta Lôpezizquierdo - 2008 - In Frank Alvarez-Pereyre (ed.), Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--123.
  32.  42
    Empirical evidence for constraints on colour categorisation.Jules Davidoff & Debi Roberson - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):185-186.
    The question of whether colour categorisation is determined by nontrivial constraints (i.e., universal neurophysiological properties of visual neurons) is an empirical issue concerning the organisation of the internal colour space. Rosch has provided psychological evidence that categories are organised around focal colours and that the organisation is universal; this commentary reconsiders that evidence.
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  33.  49
    Complexities of face perception and categorisation.Vicki Bruce, Steve Langton & Harold Hill - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):369-370.
    We amplify possible complications to the tidy division between early vision and later categorisation which arise when we consider the perception of human faces. Although a primitive face-detecting system, used for social attention, may indeed be integral to “early vision,” the relationship between this and diverse other uses made of information from faces is far from clear.
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  34.  37
    Is an Apple Like a Fruit? A Study on Comparison and Categorisation Statements.Paula Rubio-Fernández, Bart Geurts & Chris Cummins - 2017 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 8 (2):367-390.
    Categorisation models of metaphor interpretation are based on the premiss that categorisation statements and comparison statements are fundamentally different types of assertion. Against this assumption, we argue that the difference is merely a quantitative one: ‘x is a y’ unilaterally entails ‘x is like a y’, and therefore the latter is merely weaker than the former. Moreover, if ‘x is like a y’ licenses the inference that x is not a y, then that inference is a scalar implicature. We defend (...)
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  35.  66
    The validity of measuring director and board performance: Continuum or categorisation?Susan P. Jauncey & David N. Moseley-Greatwich - 2007 - International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 3 (3):262-273.
    This paper investigated the effects, ramifications and limitations of categorising and labelling Directors and Boards when measuring or evaluating performance. According to Weiner (1982) labelling can have a profound impact on a person's life, leading to stigmas, reputation bias, prejudice or discrimination which can adversely impact Director and Board performance. Labelling Directors' behavioural traits can lead to the exaggeration of behaviours and lead fellow Directors or shareholders to have preconceived expectations about Directors. This study hypothesised that measurement of Directors and (...)
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  36. Exercising politeness: Membership categorisation in a radio phone-in programme.Milan Ferencik - 2007 - In Noel Burton-Roberts (ed.), Pragmatics. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 17--3.
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  37.  1
    Une catégorisation de l’historique est-elle possible.Evanghelos Moutsopoulos - 1974 - Proceedings of the XVth World Congress of Philosophy 3:493-495.
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  38. Catégorisation et processus de qualification: Contextes, circonstances et activités connexes.Circonstances Et Activités Connexes Contextes - 2008 - In Frank Alvarez-Pereyre (ed.), Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 213.
  39.  8
    Physical properties and culture-specific factors as principles of semantic categorisation of the Gújjolaay Eegimaa noun class system.Serge Sagna - 2012 - Cognitive Linguistics 23 (1):129-163.
    This paper investigates the semantic bases of class membership in the noun class system of Gújjolaay Eegimaa (Eegimaa henceforth), a Niger-Congo and Atlantic language of the BAK group spoken in Southern Senegal. The question of whether semantic principles underlie the overt classification of nouns in Niger-Congo languages is a controversial one. There is a common perception of Niger-Congo noun class systems as being mainly semantically arbitrary. The goal of the present paper is to show that physical properties and culture-specific factors (...)
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  40.  60
    Properties, categories, and categorisation.Sébastien Poitrenaud, Jean-François Richard & Charles Tijus - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (2):151-208.
    We re-evaluate existing data that demonstrate a large amount of variability in the content of categories considering the fact that these data have been obtained in a specific task: the production of features of single isolated categories. We present new data that reveal a large consensus when participants have to judge whether or not a given feature is characteristic of a category and we show that classification tasks produce an intermediate level of consensus. We argue that the differences observed between (...)
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  41.  58
    The perception and categorisation of emotional stimuli: A review.Tobias Brosch, Gilles Pourtois & David Sander - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (3):377-400.
  42. Catégories et catégorisation: Émergence et cristallisation de quelques problématiques.Frank Alvarez-Pereyre - 2008 - In Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--1.
     
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  43.  17
    A typology for the categorisation of ethical leadership research.Charlotte Pietersen - 2018 - African Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2).
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  44.  34
    The influence of social category cues on the happy categorisation advantage depends on expression valence.Belinda M. Craig, Severine Koch & Ottmar V. Lipp - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1493-1501.
    Facial race and sex cues can influence the magnitude of the happy categorisation advantage. It has been proposed that implicit race or sex based evaluations drive this influence. Within this account a uniform influence of social category cues on the happy categorisation advantage should be observed for all negative expressions. Support has been shown with angry and sad expressions but evidence to the contrary has been found for fearful expressions. To determine the generality of the evaluative congruence account, participants categorised (...)
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  45. Un processus endogène de catégorisation métasystémique: Le transfert du médiatif du turc au judéo-espagnol (istanbul).Marie-Christine Bornes-Varol - 2008 - In Frank Alvarez-Pereyre (ed.), Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--95.
     
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  46. Danse et catégorisation: Quelques pistes de réflexion pour une anthropologie de la danse.Marie-Pierre Glbert & Michel Hallet-Eghayan - 2008 - In Frank Alvarez-Pereyre (ed.), Catégories et catégorisation: une perspective interdisciplinaire. Dudley, MA: Peeters. pp. 33--193.
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  47.  28
    Attention please: Evaluative priming effects in a valent/non-valent categorisation task.Adriaan Spruyt - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (3):560-569.
  48.  30
    Ekphrasis in colour categorisation: Time for research, or time for revolution?Darren Van Laar - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (2):210-210.
    Saunders and van Brakel propose that we rethink or reject much of current colour theory. Many of the problems they cite appear to call for further research rather than a radical rethinking of colour theory. The controversy described in this target article appears to be itself a case of or something that does not exist.
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  49.  24
    Does sunshine prime loyal … or summer? Effects of associative relatedness on the evaluative priming effect in the valent/neutral categorisation task.Benedikt Werner, Elisabeth von Ramin, Adriaan Spruyt & Klaus Rothermund - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (1):222-230.
    After 30 years of research, the mechanisms underlying the evaluative priming effect are still a topic of debate. In this study, we tested whether the evaluative priming effect can result from associative relatedness rather than evaluative congruency. Stimuli that share the same evaluative connotation are more likely to show some degree of non-evaluative associative relatedness than stimuli that have a different evaluative connotation. Therefore, unless associative relatedness is explicitly controlled for, evaluative priming effects reported in earlier research may be driven (...)
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  50. Modularity and the Politics of Emotion Categorisation.Raamy Majeed - 2022 - A Tribute to Ronald de Sousa.
    Empirically-informed approaches to emotion often construe our emotions as modules: systems hardwired into our brains by evolution and purpose-built to generate certain coordinated patterns of expressive, physiological, behavioural and phenomenological responses. In ‘Against Modularity’ (2008), de Sousa argues that we shouldn’t think of our emotions in terms of a limited number of modules because this conflicts with our aspirations for a life of greater emotional richness. My aim in this paper is to defend de Sousa’s critique of modular emotion taxonomies (...)
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