Results for 'Cathal O���Madagain'

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  1. The Worst-Motive Fallacy: A Negativity Bias in Motive Attribution.Joel Walmsley & O'Madagain Cathal - forthcoming - Psychological Science.
    In this article, we describe a hitherto undocumented fallacy-in the sense of a mistake in reasoning-constituted by a negativity bias in the way that people attribute motives to others. We call this the "worst-motive fallacy," and we conducted two experiments to investigate it. In Experiment 1, participants expected protagonists in a variety of fictional vignettes to pursue courses of action that satisfy the protagonists' worst motive, and furthermore, participants significantly expected the protagonist to pursue a worse course of action than (...)
     
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  2.  24
    Joint Attention to Mental Content and the Social Origin of Reasoning.Cathal O’Madagain & Michael Tomasello - 2019 - Synthese 198 (5):4057-4078.
    Growing evidence indicates that our higher rational capacities depend on social interaction—that only through engaging with others do we acquire the ability to evaluate beliefs as true or false, or to reflect on and evaluate the reasons that support our beliefs. Up to now, however, we have had little understanding of how this works. Here we argue that a uniquely human socio-linguistic phenomenon which we call ‘joint attention to mental content’ plays a key role. JAM is the ability to focus (...)
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  3.  50
    Concept Utility.Paul Egré & Cathal O’Madagain - 2019 - Journal of Philosophy 116 (10):525-554.
    Practices of concept-revision among scientists seem to indicate that concepts can be improved. In 2006, the International Astronomical Union revised the concept "Planet" so that it excluded Pluto, and insisting that the result was an improvement. But what could it mean for one concept or conceptual scheme to be better than another? Here we draw on the theory of epistemic utility to address this question. We show how the plausibility and informativeness of beliefs, two features that contribute to their utility, (...)
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  4. Indexicals and the Metaphysics of Semantic Tokens: When Shapes and Sounds Become Utterances.Cathal O'Madagain - 2014 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):71-79.
    To avoid difficulties facing intention-based accounts of indexicals, Cohen () recently defends a conventionalist account that focuses on the context of tokening. On this view, a token of ‘here’ or ‘now’ refers to the place or time at which it tokens. However, although promising, such an account faces a serious problem: in many speech acts, multiple apparent tokens are produced. If I call Alaska from Paris and say ‘I'm here now’, an apparent token of my utterance will be produced in (...)
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  5. Group Agents: Persons, Mobs, or Zombies?Cathal O’Madagain - 2012 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 20 (2):271-287.
    International Journal of Philosophical Studies, Volume 20, Issue 2, Page 271-287, May 2012.
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  6. When Shapes and Sounds Become Words: Indexicals and the Metaphysics of Semantic Tokens.Cathal O'Madagain - forthcoming - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy.
    To avoid difficulties that arise when we appeal to speaker intentions or multiple rules to determine the meaning of indexicals, Cohen (2013) recently defends a conventionalist account of these terms that focuses on their context of tokening. Apart from some tricky cases already discussed in the literature, however, such an account faces a serious difficulty: in many speech acts, multiple apparent tokens are produced – for example when a speaker speaks on a telephone, and her utterance is heard both where (...)
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  7. Husserl and Davidson on the Social Origin of Our Concept of Objectivity.Cathal O'Madagain - 2016 - In Thomas Szanto & Dermot Moran (eds.), Discovering the 'We': The Phenomenology of Sociality. Routledge.
    Davidson and Husserl both arrived independently at a startling conclusion: that we need to interact with others in order to acquire the concept of objectivity, or to realize that the world we are in exists independently of us. Here I discuss both of their arguments, and argue that there are problems with each. However, I then I argue that each thinker provided us with one key insight that can be combined to provide a more compelling argument for the claim. Finally (...)
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  8. Outsourcing Concepts: Deference, the Extended Mind, and Expanding Our Epistemic Capacity.Cathal O'Madagain - forthcoming - In J. Adam Carter, Andy Clark, Jesper Kallestrup, Orestis Palermos & Duncan Pritchard (eds.), Socially Extended Knowledge. Oxford University Press.
    Semantic deference is the apparent phenomenon whereby some of -/- our concepts have their content fixed by the minds of others. The -/- phenomenon is puzzling both in terms of how such concepts are -/- supposed to work, but also in terms of why we should have -/- concepts whose content is fixed by others. Here I argue that if we -/- rethink semantic deference in terms of extended mind reasoning -/- we find answers to both of these questions: the (...)
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  9. Can Groups Have Concepts? Semantics for Collective Intentions.Cathal O'Madagain - 2014 - Philosophical Issues 24 (1):347-363.
    A substantial literature supports the attribution of intentional states such as beliefs and desires to groups. But within this literature, there is no substantial account of group concepts. Since on many views, one cannot have an intentional state without having concepts, such a gap undermines the cogency of accounts of group intentionality. In this paper I aim to provide an account of group concepts. First I argue that to fix the semantics of the sentences groups use to make their decisions (...)
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  10. Intentionality.Cathal O’Madagain - 2014 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Intentionality If I think about a piano, something in my thought picks out a piano. If I talk about cigars, something in my speech refers to cigars. This feature of thoughts and words, whereby they pick out, refer to, or are about things, is intentionality. In a word, intentionality is aboutness. Many mental states exhibit […].
     
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  11. Mind and Machine.Cathal O’Madagain - 2014 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 22 (2):291-295.
  12.  8
    This is a Paper About Demonstratives.Cathal O’Madagain - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (2):745-764.
    Demonstratives and indexicals seem intuitively to form a semantic family. Together they form the basic set of directly referring ‘context sensitive’ terms whose reference changes as the environment or identity of the speaker changes. Something that we might expect of a semantics for indexicals is therefore that it would be closely related to a semantics of demonstratives, although recent approaches have generally treated them separately. A promising new theory of indexicals is the ‘token-contextual’ account, which accounts for a wide range (...)
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  13.  43
    Print Me an Organ? Ethical and Regulatory Issues Emerging From 3D Bioprinting in Medicine.Frederic Gilbert, Cathal D. O’Connell, Tajanka Mladenovska & Susan Dodds - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (1):73-91.
    Recent developments of three-dimensional printing of biomaterials in medicine have been portrayed as demonstrating the potential to transform some medical treatments, including providing new responses to organ damage or organ failure. However, beyond the hype and before 3D bioprinted organs are ready to be transplanted into humans, several important ethical concerns and regulatory questions need to be addressed. This article starts by raising general ethical concerns associated with the use of bioprinting in medicine, then it focuses on more particular ethical (...)
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  14.  2
    Charlotte Bronte Goes to Confession.Cathal O'Byrne - 1931 - New Blackfriars 12 (137):484-488.
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  15.  7
    Mean-Field Granocentric Approach in 2D & 3D Polydisperse, Frictionless Packings.Cathal B. O’Donovan, Eric I. Corwin & Matthias E. Möbius - 2013 - Philosophical Magazine 93 (31-33):4030-4056.
  16.  8
    Can the Study of Students' Epistemological Beliefs and Epistemic Match Help Us to Explore the Disciplinary Nature of Education Studies?Cathal O'Siochru - 2018 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 54 (3):319-334.
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  17.  27
    Enthusiastic Portrayal of 3D Bioprinting in the Media: Ethical Side Effects.Frederic Gilbert, John Noel M. Viaña, Cathal D. O'Connell & Susan Dodds - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (2):94-102.
    There has been a surge in mass media reports extolling the potential for using three-dimensional printing of biomaterials to treat a wide range of clinical conditions. Given that mass media is recognized as one of the most important sources of health and medical information for the general public, especially prospective patients, we report and discuss the ethical consequences of coverage of 3D bioprinting in the media. First, we illustrate how positive mass media narratives of a similar biofabricated technology, namely the (...)
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  18.  12
    Psychoanalysis & Philosophy: Cathal Horan Analyses Freud Through the Eyes of Hegel and Schopenhauer.Cathal Horan - 2008 - Philosophy Now 68:10-13.
  19.  25
    Undergraduate Research Involving Human Subjects Should Not Be Granted Ethical Approval Unless It is Likely to Be of Publishable Quality.Cathal T. Gallagher, Lisa J. McDonald & Niamh P. McCormack - 2014 - HEC Forum 26 (2):169-180.
    Small-scale research projects involving human subjects have been identified as being effective in developing critical appraisal skills in undergraduate students. In deciding whether to grant ethical approval to such projects, university research ethics committees must weigh the benefits of the research against the risk of harm or discomfort to the participants. As the learning objectives associated with student research can be met without the need for human subjects, the benefit associated with training new healthcare professionals cannot, in itself, justify such (...)
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  20.  40
    Précis of O'Keefe & Nadel's The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map.John O'Keefe & Lynn Nadel - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):487-494.
    Theories of spatial cognition are derived from many sources. Psychologists are concerned with determining the features of the mind which, in combination with external inputs, produce our spatialized experience. A review of philosophical and other approaches has convinced us that the brain must come equipped to impose a three-dimensional Euclidean framework on experience – our analysis suggests that object re-identification may require such a framework. We identify this absolute, nonegocentric, spatial framework with a specific neural system centered in the hippocampus.A (...)
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  21.  25
    O'Connor's Paradox and the Teaching of Educational Philosophy.David Stenhouse & D. J. O'Connor - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (3):243 - 257.
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  22. Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’T Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness”.J. Kevin O’Regan & Ned Block - 2012 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 3 (1):89-108.
    Discussion of J. Kevin O’Regan’s “Why Red Doesn’t Sound Like a Bell: Understanding the Feel of Consciousness” Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-20 DOI 10.1007/s13164-012-0090-7 Authors J. Kevin O’Regan, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, CNRS - Université Paris Descartes, Centre Biomédical des Saints Pères, 45 rue des Sts Pères, 75270 Paris cedex 06, France Ned Block, Departments of Philosophy, Psychology and Center for Neural Science, New York University, 5 Washington Place, New York, NY 10003, USA Journal Review of Philosophy and (...)
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  23.  8
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law: The Power of Law to Advance the Right to Health.Jenny C. Kaldor, Lawrence O. Gostin, John T. Monahan & Katie Gottschalk - 2020 - Public Health Ethics 13 (1):9-15.
    The Lancet–O’Neill Institute/Georgetown University Commission on Global Health and Law published its report on the Legal Determinants of Health in 2019. The term ‘legal determinants of health’ draws attention to the power of law to influence upstream social and economic influences on population health. In this article, we introduce the Commission, including its background and rationale, set out its methodology, summarize its key findings and recommendations and reflect on its impact since publication. We also look to the future, making suggestions (...)
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  24.  12
    The Last Temptation of the Philosopher-Rulers.Cathal Woods - 2009 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 3 (1).
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  25. Eudaimonism, Love and Friendship, and Political Community*: DAVID O. BRINK.David O. Brink - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):252-289.
    It is common to regard love, friendship, and other associational ties to others as an important part of a happy or flourishing life. This would be easy enough to understand if we focused on friendships based on pleasure, or associations, such as business partnerships, predicated on mutual advantage. For then we could understand in a straightforward way how these interpersonal relationships would be valuable for someone involved in such relationships just insofar as they caused her pleasure or causally promoted her (...)
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  26.  86
    Common Sense and First Principles in Sidgwick's Methods*: DAVID O. BRINK.David O. Brink - 1994 - Social Philosophy and Policy 11 (1):179-201.
    What role, if any, should our moral intuitions play in moral epistemology? We make, or are prepared to make, moral judgments about a variety of actual and hypothetical situations. Some of these moral judgments are more informed, reflective, and stable than others ; some we make more confidently than others; and some, though not all, are judgments about which there is substantial consensus. What bearing do our moral judgments have on philosophical ethics and the search for first principles in ethics? (...)
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  27.  35
    Sheaf Cohomology in o-Minimal Structures.Mário J. Edmundo, Gareth O. Jones & Nicholas J. Peatfield - 2006 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 6 (2):163-179.
    Here we prove the existence of sheaf cohomology theory in arbitrary o-minimal structures.
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  28.  18
    The Exact Sciences in Antiquity. By O. Neugebauer. Pp. Xiii + 191, with 14 Plates and 30 Text Figures. Copenhagen: Ejnar Munksgaard, 1951, D. Cr. 42. [REVIEW]A. P. Treweek & O. Neugebauer - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73 (2):179-179.
  29. Impartiality and Associative Duties: David O. Brink.David O. Brink - 2001 - Utilitas 13 (2):152-172.
    Consequentialism is often criticized for failing to accommodate impersonal constraints and personal options. A common consequentialist response is to acknowledge the anticonsequentialist intuitions but to argue either that the consequentialist can, after all, accommodate the allegedly recalcitrant intuitions or that, where accommodation is impossible, the recalcitrant intuition can be dismissed for want of an adequate philosophical rationale. Whereas these consequentialist responses have some plausibility, associational duties represent a somewhat different challenge to consequentialism, inasmuch as they embody neither impersonal constraints nor (...)
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  30.  22
    Cathal J. Nolan, Principled Diplomacy: Security and Rights in U.S. Foreign Policy , 292 Pp., $55.00 Cloth. [REVIEW]Joel H. Rosenthal - 1994 - Ethics and International Affairs 8:217-218.
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  31.  25
    Diagramming Objections To Independent Premises.Cathal Woods - 2011 - Informal Logic 31 (2):139-151.
    Arguments with what are called "independent" or "convergent" premises are typically diagrammed by using an arrow between each premise and the conclusion. This makes diagramming objections to the reasoning difficult. It also obscures differences in argument structure. I suggest that a single arrow should be used for such arguments and that this is so even in the extreme form of independent premises when the argument is entirely unstructured. I then discuss the diagramming of objections.
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  32. Onora O'Neill: Constructions of Reason. Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge 1989, 249 S. [REVIEW]O. Höffe - 1993 - Philosophische Rundschau 40 (1-2):83-86.
     
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  33.  14
    As Happy As Can Be: How Republic's Philosophers Fare Best by Ruling.Cathal Woods - 2010 - Journal of Ancient Philosophy 4 (1).
  34. Üvahy o logice normativnich vet.O. Weinberger - forthcoming - Filosoficky Casopis.
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  35.  5
    Kohlmann, O. Kant Und Haeckel. [REVIEW]O. Kohlmann - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  36. O'CONNOR, D. J. "The Correspondence Theory of Truth". [REVIEW]O. R. Jones - 1977 - Mind 86:458.
     
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  37. O que é uma acção?O. Jones & P. Smith - 2005 - Critica.
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  38. Review of 'Wilfrid Sellars' (James O'Shea 2007) and 'Wilfrid Sellars' (Willem deVries 2005).Jaroslav Peregrin, James O'shea & James R. O'Shea - 2008 - Erkenntnis 69 (1):131-135.
    A review of deVries' and O'Shea's books, both titled "Wilfrid Sellars". By Jaroslav Peregrin.
     
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  39.  6
    Power and Events: An Essay on Dynamics in Philosophy. By William O'Meara.William O'Meara - 1946 - Ethics 57 (4):305-306.
  40.  29
    II–Onora O’Neill.Onora O’Neill - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):211-228.
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  41. Newman's Concept of Natural Religion in the Oxford University Sermons.Cathal Deveney - 2001 - Alpha Omega 4 (2):207-230.
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  42.  27
    The Fox and the Grapes: An Anglo-Irish Perspective on Conscientious Objection to the Supply of Emergency Hormonal Contraception Without Prescription.Cathal T. Gallagher, Alice Holton, Lisa J. McDonald & Paul J. Gallagher - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (10):638-642.
    Emergency hormonal contraception (EHC) has been available from pharmacies in the UK without prescription for 11 years. In the Republic of Ireland this service was made available in 2011. In both jurisdictions the respective regulators have included ‘conscience clauses’, which allow pharmacists to opt out of providing EHC on religious or moral grounds providing certain criteria are met. In effect, conscientious objectors must refer patients to other providers who are willing to supply these medicines. Inclusion of such clauses leads to (...)
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  43.  25
    The United States, Moral Norms, and Governing Ideas in World Politics: A Review Essay.Cathal J. Nolan - 1993 - Ethics and International Affairs 7:223–239.
    Nolan reviews three works describing the influence of ethics on modern international relations, namely Code of Peace: Ethics and Security in the World of the Warlord States ; The Age of Rights ; and Morality and American Foreign Policy: The Role of Ethics in International Affairs.
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  44. O tempo de ontem na voz de hoje: Memória de idosas sergipanas.O. Tempo de Ontem Na Voz - 2010 - História 28:10.
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  45.  93
    Vagueness and Legal Theory: Timothy A.O. Endicott.Timothy A. O. Endicott - 1997 - Legal Theory 3 (1):37-63.
    The use of vague language in law has important implications for legal theory. Legal philosophers have occasionally grappled with those implications, but they have not come to grips with the characteristic phenomenon of vagueness: the sorites paradox. I discuss the paradox, and claim that it poses problems for some legal theorists. I propose that a good account of vagueness will have three consequences for legal theory: Theories that deny that vagueness in formulations of the law leads to discretion in adjudication (...)
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  46.  73
    Human Agency: Language, Duty, and Value: Philosophical Essays in Honor of J.O. Urmson.J. O. Urmson, Jonathan Dancy, J. M. E. Moravcsik & C. C. W. Taylor (eds.) - 1988 - Stanford University Press.
    The essays in this volume explore current work in central areas of philosophy, work unified by attention to salient questions of human action and human agency. They ask what it is for humans to act knowledgeably, to use language, to be friends, to act heroically, to be mortally fortunate, and to produce as well as to appreciate art. The volume is dedicated to J. O. Urmson, in recognition of his inspirational contributions to these areas. All the essays but one have (...)
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  47.  26
    Bored with Time?Cathal Horan - 2008 - Philosophy Now 65:25-27.
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  48.  76
    E. O. Wilson, Stephen Pope, and Philip Hefner: A Conversation.Edward O. Wilson, Stephen J. Pope & Philip Hefner - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):249-253.
  49.  51
    William Paley's Moral Philosophy and the Challenge of Hume: An Enlightenment Debate?*: Niall O'flaherty.Niall O'flaherty - 2010 - Modern Intellectual History 7 (1):1-31.
    This essay offers a reassessment of William Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy. It focuses on his defence of religious ethics from challenges laid down in David Hume's Enquiry Concerning the Principles of Morals. By restoring the context of theological/philosophical debate to Paley's thinking about ethics, the essay attempts to establish his genuine commitment to a worldly theology and to a programme of human advancement. This description of orthodox thought takes us beyond the bipolar debate about whether intellectual culture (...)
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  50.  13
    Kommentar zum ersten Buch von Xenophons Memorabilien. By O. Gigon. Pp. 169. Basel: F. Reinhardt, 1953. Sw. Fr. 15.60.E. R. Hill & O. Gigon - 1955 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 75:169-170.
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