Results for 'Cd Frith'

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  1. How Something Can Be Said About Telling More Than We Can Know: On Choice Blindness and Introspection. Commentary and Authors' Reply.James Moore, Patrick Haggard, Lars Hall, Petter Johansson, Sverker SIKSTRÖM, Betty TÄRNING, Andreas Lind, Cd Frith & Hc Lau - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4).
  2. Dolan, RJ, 109 Fletcher, EC., 109 Frackowiak, RSJ, 109 Frith, CD, 109 Frith, U., 109.W. Badecker, S. C. Baker, J. M. Beale, R. J. R. Blair, F. Cara, N. Chater, F. C. Keil, M. Miozzo, P. Mitchell & Da Norman - 1995 - Cognition 57:329.
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  3. Francis Frith in Egypt and Palestine: A Victorian Photographer Abroad.Douglas R. Nickel - 2003 - Princeton University Press.
    In 1856, the English photographer Francis Frith set out on the first of three tours of Egypt and the Holy Lands. Traveling up the Nile and then on to the Sinai, Palestine, Syria, and Lebanon, Frith systematically crafted exquisite pictures of ruins, landscapes, and legendary sites. He then published his views in England and America in a variety of formats, becoming something of a celebrity in photographic circles. This book, the first to place Frith's Egyptian and Levantine (...)
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  4. .Deborah Talmi & Chris D. Frith - 2011
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  5.  21
    Intelligence and Creativity Share a Common Cognitive and Neural Basis.Emily Frith, Daniel B. Elbich, Alexander P. Christensen, Monica D. Rosenberg, Qunlin Chen, Michael J. Kane, Paul J. Silvia, Paul Seli & Roger E. Beaty - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (4):609-632.
    Are intelligence and creativity distinct abilities, or do they rely on the same cognitive and neural systems? We sought to quantify the extent to which intelligence and creative cognition overlap in brain and behavior by combining machine learning of fMRI data and latent variable modeling of cognitive ability data in a sample of young adults (N = 186) who completed a battery of intelligence and creative thinking tasks. The study had 3 analytic goals: (a) to assess contributions of specific facets (...)
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  6.  85
    Autism: Beyond “Theory of Mind”.Uta Frith & Francesca Happé - 1994 - Cognition 50 (1-3):115-132.
  7.  27
    Institute of Medical Ethics Guidelines for Confirmation of Appointment, Promotion and Recognition of UK Bioethics and Medical Ethics Researchers.Lucy Frith, Carwyn Hooper, Silvia Camporesi, Thomas Douglas, Anna Smajdor, Emma Nottingham, Zoe Fritz, Merryn Ekberg & Richard Huxtable - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (5):289-291.
    This document is designed to give guidance on assessing researchers in bioethics/medical ethics. It is intended to assist members of selection, confirmation and promotion committees, who are required to assess those conducting bioethics research when they are not from a similar disciplinary background. It does not attempt to give guidance on the quality of bioethics research, as this is a matter for peer assessment. Rather it aims to give an indication of the type, scope and amount of research that is (...)
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  8.  16
    Prospects for a Cognitive Neuropsychology of Autism: Hobson's Choice.Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (1):122-131.
  9. Explaining the Symptoms of Schizophrenia: Abnormalities in the Awareness of Action.Christopher D. Frith, S. J. Blakemore & D. Wolpert - 2000 - Brain Research Reviews 31 (2):357-363.
  10.  44
    The Global Workspace Needs Metacognition.Nicholas Shea & Chris D. Frith - 2019 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 23 (7):560-571.
    The global workspace and metacognition are, respectively, the basis of the two leading cognitive theories of consciousness. The two theories, which have recently been presented as rivals, are usually pursued separately, but there is no need to choose between them. There is in fact strong reason to expect items in the global workspace to have a metacognitive accompaniment in the form of a rating of confidence. Confidence ratings are relied on by the computations that compare, integrate, and compute over representations (...)
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  11.  15
    What Lesson for Dyslexia From Down's Syndrome? Comments on Cossu, Rossini, and Marshall.John Morton & Uta Frith - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):289-296.
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  12. Explaining Delusions of Control: The Comparator Model 20years On.Chris Frith - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):52-54.
    Over the last 20 years the comparator model for delusions of control has received considerable support in terms of empirical studies. However, the original version clearly needs to be replaced by a model with a much greater degree of sophistication and specificity. Future developments are likely to involve the specification of the role of dopamine in the model and a generalisation of its explanatory power to the whole range of positive symptoms. However, we will still need to explain why symptoms (...)
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  13.  24
    What is Consciousness For?Christopher Frith - 2010 - Pragmatics and Cognition 18 (3):497-551.
    In the first talk I discuss recent experiments designed to elucidate the neural correlates of consciousness. Implicit in this discussion are operational definitions of what I mean by consciousness. In the second talk I explore the extent to which we are conscious of being in control of our actions, our sense of agency. I raise the question of why we need to be aware of actions at all since we can achieve so much without such awareness. In the final talk (...)
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  14.  6
    The Neural Basis of Mentalizing.Chris D. Frith & Uta Frith - 2006 - Neuron 50 (4):531-534.
    Mentalizing refers to our ability to read the mental states of other agents and engages many neural processes. The brain's mirror system allows us to share the emotions of others. Through perspective taking, we can infer what a person currently believes about the world given their point of view. Finally, the human brain has the unique ability to represent the mental states of the self and the other and the relationship between these mental states, making possible the communication of ideas.
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  15.  26
    HIV Testing and Informed Consent.L. Frith - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (12):699-700.
    People should be allowed to decide how and where they wish to be tested for HIV without there being a formal requirement for pretest counsellingIn his paper, Ethics of HIV testing in general practice without informed consent, Fraser argues that pretest counselling and informed consent are pillars of the ethical conduct of HIV testing. In my response I want to look critically at these contentions. While I will agree with Fraser that it is always necessary to get informed consent from (...)
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  16.  92
    The Self in Action: Lessons From Delusions of Control.Chris Frith - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):752-770.
    Patients with delusions of control are abnormally aware of the sensory consequences of their actions and have difficulty with on-line corrections of movement. As a result they do not feel in control of their movements. At the same time they are strongly aware of the action being intentional. This leads them to believe that their actions are being controlled by an external agent. In contrast, the normal mark of the self in action is that we have very little experience of (...)
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  17. Self-Awareness and Action.Sarah-Jayne Blakemore & Chris Frith - 2003 - Current Opinion in Neurobiology. Special Issue 13 (2):219-224.
  18. Theory of Mind and Self-Consciousness: What is It Like to Be Autistic?Uta Frith & Francesca Happe - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (1):1-22.
  19. Skull-Bound Perception and Precision Optimization Through Culture.Bryan Paton, Josh Skewes, Chris Frith & Jakob Hohwy - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):222-222.
    Clark acknowledges but resists the indirect mind–world relation inherent in prediction error minimization (PEM). But directness should also be resisted. This creates a puzzle, which calls for reconceptualization of the relation. We suggest that a causal conception captures both aspects. With this conception, aspects of situated cognition, social interaction and culture can be understood as emerging through precision optimization.
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  20.  15
    CD-ROM Encyclopedias: Extending the Gutenberg Galaxy to Include Computer Multimedia Technologies.Patryk Wasiak - 2013 - Human Affairs 23 (3):382-392.
    The aim of this article is to discuss the “multimedia encyclopedia” genre launched in the 1980s, the era of “the multimedia revolution.” Encyclopedias of this kind were released on CD-ROM by several well-respected encyclopedia publishers and were widely discussed as an innovation which would lead to information and communication technologies extending rather than replacing the Gutenberg Galaxy. While discussing the launch of multimedia encyclopedias I aim to show how the culture of the printed word was perceived in “the information revolution” (...)
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  21.  80
    Neural Correlates of Change Detection and Change Blindness.Diane Beck, Geraint Rees, Christopher D. Frith & Nilli Lavie - 2001 - Nature Neuroscience 4 (6):645-650.
  22.  11
    Dissociation of Mechanisms Underlying Syllogistic Reasoning.Vinod Goel, Christian Buchel, Chris Frith & Raymond J. Dolan - 2000 - NeuroImage 12 (5):504-514.
    A key question for cognitive theories of reasoning is whether logical reasoning is inherently a sentential linguistic process or a process requiring spatial manipulation and search. We addressed this question in an event-related fMRI study of syllogistic reasoning, using sentences with and without semantic content. Our findings indicate involvement of two dissociable networks in deductive reasoning. During content-based reasoning a left hemisphere temporal system was recruited. By contrast, a formally identical reasoning task, which lacked semantic content, activated a parietal system. (...)
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  23.  31
    Conscientious Objection to Participation in Abortion by Midwives and Nurses: A Systematic Review of Reasons.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith, Ans Luyben & Beate Ramsayer - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):31.
    Freedom of conscience is a core element of human rights respected by most European countries. It allows abortion through the inclusion of a conscience clause, which permits opting out of providing such services. However, the grounds for invoking conscientious objection lack clarity. Our aim in this paper is to take a step in this direction by carrying out a systematic review of reasons by midwives and nurses for declining, on conscience grounds, to participate in abortion. We conducted a systematic review (...)
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  24.  96
    The Neural Correlates of Conscious Experience: An Experimental Framework.Chris Frith, Richard Perry & Erik Lumer - 1999 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 3 (3):105-114.
  25.  35
    Symbiotic Empirical Ethics: A Practical Methodology.Lucy Frith - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (4):198-206.
    Like any discipline, bioethics is a developing field of academic inquiry; and recent trends in scholarship have been towards more engagement with empirical research. This ‘empirical turn’ has provoked extensive debate over how such ‘descriptive’ research carried out in the social sciences contributes to the distinctively normative aspect of bioethics. This paper will address this issue by developing a practical research methodology for the inclusion of data from social science studies into ethical deliberation. This methodology will be based on a (...)
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  26. Inattentional Blindness Versus Inattentional Amnesia for Fixated but Ignored Words.Geraint Rees, C. Russell, Christopher D. Frith & Julia Driver - 1999 - Science 286 (5449):2504-7.
  27.  21
    The Neuroscience of Social Interaction: Decoding, Influencing, and Imitating the Actions of Others.Christopher D. Frith & Daniel Wolpert (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Humans, like other primates, are intensely social creatures. One of the major functions of our brains must be to enable us to be as skilful in social interactions as we are in our interactions with the physical world. Furthermore, any differences between human brains and those of our nearest relatives, the great apes, are likely to be linked to our unique achievements in social interaction and communication rather than our motor or perceptual skills. Unique to humans is the ability to (...)
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  28.  64
    Dual-Process Theories and Consciousness: The Case for "Type Zero" Cognition.Nicholas Shea & Chris D. Frith - 2016 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 2016:1-10.
    A step towards a theory of consciousness would be to characterise the effect of consciousness on information processing. One set of results suggests that the effect of consciousness is to interfere with computations that are optimally performed non-consciously. Another set of results suggests that conscious, system 2 processing is the home of norm-compliant computation. This is contrasted with system 1 processing, thought to be typically unconscious, which operates with useful but error-prone heuristics. -/- These results can be reconciled by separating (...)
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  29.  19
    Towards a Functional Anatomy of Volition.Sean A. Spence & Chris D. Frith - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):8-9.
    In this paper we examine the functional anatomy of volition, as revealed by modern brain imaging techniques, in conjunction with neuropsychological data derived from human and non-human primates using other methodologies. A number of brain regions contribute to the performance of consciously chosen, or ‘willed', actions. Of particular importance is dorsolateral prefrontal cortex , together with those brain regions with which it is connected, via cortico-subcortical and cortico-cortical circuits. That aspect of free will which is concerned with the voluntary selection (...)
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  30. Does the Autistic Child Have a “Theory of Mind”?Simon Baron-Cohen, Alan M. Leslie & Uta Frith - 1985 - Cognition 21 (1):37-46.
    We use a new model of metarepresentational development to predict a cognitive deficit which could explain a crucial component of the social impairment in childhood autism. One of the manifestations of a basic metarepresentational capacity is a ‘ theory of mind ’. We have reason to believe that autistic children lack such a ‘ theory ’. If this were so, then they would be unable to impute beliefs to others and to predict their behaviour. This hypothesis was tested using Wimmer (...)
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  31.  60
    Anticipation is the Key to Understanding Music and the Effects of Music on Emotion.Peter Vuust & Chris D. Frith - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):599-600.
    There is certainly a need for a framework to guide the study of the physiological mechanisms underlying the experience of music and the emotions that music evokes. However, this framework should be organised hierarchically, with musical anticipation as its fundamental mechanism.
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  32.  93
    Models of the Pathological Mind.Christopher D. Frith & Shaun Gallagher - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (4):57-80.
    Christopher Frith is a research professor at the Functional Imaging Laboratory of the Wellcome Department of Imaging Neuroscience at University College, London. He explores, experimentally, using the techniques of functional brain imaging, the relationship between human consciousness and the brain. His research focuses on questions pertaining to perception, attention, control of action, free will, and awareness of our own mental states and those of others. As the following discussion makes clear, Frith investigates brain systems involved in the choice (...)
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  33. Attention to Action and Awareness of Other Minds.Christopher D. Frith - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):481-487.
    We have only limited awareness of the system by which we control our actions and this limited awareness does not seem to be concerned with the control of action. Awareness of choosing one action rather than another comes after the choice has been made, while awareness of initiating an action occurs before the movement has begun. These temporal differences bind together in consciousness the intention to act and the consequences of the action. This creates our sense of agency. Activity in (...)
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  34. Can Neuroscience Explain Consciousness?Jakob Hohwy & Christopher D. Frith - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (7-8):180-198.
    Cognitive neuroscience aspires to explain how the brain produces conscious states. Many people think this aspiration is threatened by the subjective nature of introspective reports, as well as by certain philosophical arguments. We propose that good neuroscientific explanations of conscious states can consolidate an interpretation of introspective reports, in spite of their subjective nature. This is because the relative quality of explanations can be evaluated on independent, methodological grounds. To illustrate, we review studies that suggest that aspects of the feeling (...)
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  35.  19
    What's at the Top in the Top-Down Control of Action? Script-Sharing and 'Top-Top' Control of Action in Cognitive Experiments.Andreas Roepstorff & Chris Frith - 2004 - Psychological Research 68 (2-3):189--198.
    The distinction between bottom-up and top-down control of action has been central in cognitive psychology, and, subsequently, in functional neuroimaging. While the model has proven successful in describing central mechanisms in cognitive experiments, it has serious shortcomings in explaining how top-down control is established. In particular, questions as to what is at the top in top-down control lead us to a controlling homunculus located in a mythical brain region with outputs and no inputs. Based on a discussion of recent brain (...)
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  36.  85
    Egocentrism, Allocentrism, and Asperger Syndrome.Uta Frith & Frederique de Vignemont - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):719-738.
    In this paper, we attempt to make a distinction between egocentrism and allocentrism in social cognition, based on the distinction that is made in visuo-spatial perception. We propose that it makes a difference to mentalizing whether the other person can be understood using an egocentric (‘‘you'') or an allocentric (‘‘he/ she/they'') stance. Within an egocentric stance, the other person is represented in relation to the self. By contrast, within an allocentric stance, the existence or mental state of the other person (...)
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  37. The Social Brain?Chris D. Frith - 2007 - In Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.), Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture. Oxford University Press.
     
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  38.  14
    Learning Rapidly About the Relevance of Visual Cues Requires Conscious Awareness.Eoin Travers, Chris D. Frith & Nicholas Shea - 2018 - Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (8):1698–1713.
    Humans have been shown capable of performing many cognitive tasks using information of which they are not consciously aware. This raises questions about what role consciousness actually plays in cognition. Here, we explored whether participants can learn cue-target contingencies in an attentional learning task when the cues were presented below the level of conscious awareness, and how this differs from learning about conscious cues. Participants’ manual (Experiment 1) and saccadic (Experiment 2) response speeds were influenced by both conscious and unconscious (...)
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  39.  45
    Reputation Management in the Age of the World-Wide Web.Claudio Tennie, Uta Frith & Chris D. Frith - 2010 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (11):482-488.
  40.  6
    Forecasting CDS Term Structure Based on Nelson–Siegel Model and Machine Learning.Won Joong Kim, Gunho Jung & Sun-Yong Choi - 2020 - Complexity 2020:1-23.
    In this study, we analyze the term structure of credit default swaps and predict future term structures using the Nelson–Siegel model, recurrent neural network, support vector regression, long short-term memory, and group method of data handling using CDS term structure data from 2008 to 2019. Furthermore, we evaluate the change in the forecasting performance of the models through a subperiod analysis. According to the empirical results, we confirm that the Nelson–Siegel model can be used to predict not only the interest (...)
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  41.  47
    The Impact of Orthographic Consistency on Dyslexia: A German-English Comparison.Karin Landerl, Heinz Wimmer & Uta Frith - 1997 - Cognition 63 (3):315-334.
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  42.  6
    Tensions Between Ethics and the Law: Examination of a Legal Case by Two Midwives Invoking a Conscientious Objection to Abortion in Scotland.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith & Beate Ramsayer - 2021 - HEC Forum 33 (3):189-213.
    This paper examines a legal case arising from a workplace grievance that progressed to being heard at the UK’s Supreme Court. The case of Doogan and Wood versus Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board concerned two senior midwives in Scotland, both practicing Roman Catholics, who exercised their perceived rights in accordance with section 4 of the Abortion Act not to participate in the treatment of women undergoing abortions. The key question raised by this case was: “Is Greater Glasgow and Clyde (...)
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  43.  17
    The Cambridge Medical Ethics Workbook: Case Studies, Commentaries and Activities: M Parker, Donna Dickenson. Cambridge University Press, 2001, 29.95, Pp 359. ISBN 0521788633. [REVIEW]L. Frith - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (4):7e-7.
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  44. Studies of the Neural Correlates of Consciousness Can Do Better, but Are on the Right Track.C. Frith & Jakob Hohwy - 2004 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 11 (1):45-51.
  45.  16
    Tensions Between Ethics and the Law: Examination of a Legal Case by Two Midwives Invoking a Conscientious Objection to Abortion in Scotland.Valerie Fleming, Lucy Frith & Beate Ramsayer - 2019 - HEC Forum 33 (3):1-25.
    This paper examines a legal case arising from a workplace grievance that progressed to being heard at the UK’s Supreme Court. The case of Doogan and Wood versus Greater Glasgow and Clyde Health Board concerned two senior midwives in Scotland, both practicing Roman Catholics, who exercised their perceived rights in accordance with section 4 of the Abortion Act not to participate in the treatment of women undergoing abortions. The key question raised by this case was: “Is Greater Glasgow and Clyde (...)
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  46. Methodologies for Identifying the Neural Correlates of Consciousness.Geraint Rees & Chris Frith - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 551--566.
  47.  38
    Social Intelligence: From Brain to Culture.Nathan Emery, Nicola Clayton & Chris Frith (eds.) - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Why are humans so clever? This book explores the idea that this cleverness has evolved through the increasing complexity of social groups. It brings together contributions from leaders in the field, examining social intelligence in different animal species and exploring its development, evolution and the brain systems upon which it depends.
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  48.  4
    Contacting Gamete Donors to Facilitate Diagnostic Genetic Testing for the Donor-Conceived Child: What Are the Rights and Obligations of Gamete Donors in These Cases? A Response to Horton Et Al.Lucy Frith - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (3):220-222.
    In their paper Horton et al argue that it is acceptable to contact an anonymous egg-donor to facilitate diagnostic genetic testing for the donor conceived child, despite the donor, ‘indicating on a historical consent form that she did not wish to take part in future research, and that she did not wish to be informed if she was found to be a carrier of a “harmful inherited condition”’. There are a number of claims embedded in Horton et al’s position that (...)
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  49.  99
    Consciousness, Information Processing and Schizophrenia.Christopher D. Frith - 1979 - British Journal of Psychiatry 134:225-35.
  50.  5
    Autism: Mind and Brain.Uta Frith & Elisabeth L. Hill (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Autism: Mind and Brain provides a comprehensive overview of the latest research on autism and highlights new techniques that will progress future understanding. With contributions from leaders in autism research, the book describes the latest advances, discusses ways forward for future research, and presents new techniques for understanding this complex disorder.
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