Results for 'Cedric E. Dawkins'

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  1.  20
    The Principle of Good Faith: Toward Substantive Stakeholder Engagement.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 121 (2):1-13.
    Although stakeholder theory is concerned with stakeholder engagement, substantive operational barometers of engagement are lacking in the literature. This theoretical paper attempts to strengthen the accountability aspect of normative stakeholder theory with a more robust notion of stakeholder engagement derived from the concept of good faith. Specifically, it draws from the labor relations field to argue that altered power dynamics are essential underpinnings of a viable stakeholder engagement mechanism. After describing the tenets of substantive engagement, the paper draws from the (...)
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  2.  15
    A Normative Argument for Independent Voice and Labor Unions.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 155 (4):1153-1165.
    The paper argues that an ethical firm has cause to realize and to respect, in good faith, the decision of workers regarding labor unions, and proceeds along the following lines. First, the employer is due appropriate deference the bounds of which should be determined in conjunction with employees, as they are the most closely affected party. Second, employee preferences for defining the employment relation and appropriate deference are best reflected through autonomous voice. Third, autonomous voice is assured by the right (...)
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  3.  25
    Labored Relations: Corporate Citizenship, Labor Unions, and Freedom of Association.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2012 - Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (3):473-500.
    Globalization has brought increased attention to the notion that labor rights such as freedom of association—the right of workers to organize a union—are fundamental human rights. However, the vigorous opposition to freedom of associa­tion by US firms is largely ignored in the business ethics literature and exacerbated by compensatory corporate citizenship rating mechanisms that tend to mask labor rights deficiencies. I argue that because freedom of association is a hypernorm, instrumental to fully realizing basic human rights, labor rights and human (...)
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  4.  11
    Corporate Welfare, Corporate Citizenship, and the Question of Accountability.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2002 - Business and Society 41 (3):269-291.
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  5.  21
    Elevating the Role of Divestment in Socially Responsible Investing.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 153 (2):465-478.
    The divest movement has focused attention on strategic and ethical differences in the practice of socially responsible investing and highlighted an unnecessary bifurcation of best-of-class engagement and divestment. Although best-of-class engagement is favored as a contemporary and pragmatic approach, this paper calls for a more pronounced recognition of absolute dealbreakers and divestment as an underpinning for best-of-class engagement. After linking divestment and best-of-class engagement to their foundations of absolutism and relativism, respectively, I critique best-of-class engagement and argue that without a (...)
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  6.  8
    First to Market: Issue Management Pacesetters and the Pharmaceutical Industry Response to AIDS in Africa.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2005 - Business and Society 44 (3):244-282.
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  7.  11
    Erratum To: Beyond Acclamations and Excuses: Environmental Performance, Voluntary Environmental Disclosure and the Role of Visibility. [REVIEW]Cedric E. Dawkins & John W. Fraas - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (3):383 - 397.
    Some researchers have argued that firms with favorable environmental performance are more likely to provide voluntary environmental disclosure, while others have argued that firms with poor environmental performance are most likely to disclose. The authors propose a curvilinear relation between environmental performance and environmental disclosure that is moderated by visibility. Data were obtained from S&P 500 firms queried by Ceres' Climate Disclosure Project. Results show a U-shaped environmental performance—environmental disclosure relation and a main effect for visibility but no moderating effect (...)
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  8.  9
    A Complexity Theory Framework of Issue Movement.James R. Barker & Cedric E. Dawkins - 2020 - Business and Society 59 (6):1110-1150.
    This research draws on complexity theory to provide an alternative conceptualization of issue management. We use six dynamics of complexity drawn from complex adaptive systems—equipoise, turbulence, sensitive conditions, bifurcation, attractor emergence, and symmetry breaking—to develop a metaphorical framework that describes what occurs during various periods of issue activity and what propels issues from one period of activity to another. We illustrate the framework with a case study of the pharmaceutical industry response to the HIV/aids pandemic in Sub-Saharan Africa. The article (...)
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  9.  7
    An Agonistic Notion of Political CSR: Melding Activism and Deliberation.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2021 - Journal of Business Ethics 170 (1):5-19.
    Flagging labor governance in far-flung supply networks has prompted greater scrutiny of instrumental CSR and calls for models that are tethered more closely to accountability, constraint, and oversight. Political CSR is an apt response, but this paper seeks to buttress its deliberative moorings by arguing that the agonist notion of ‘domesticated conflict’ provides a necessary foundation for substantive deliberation. Because deliberation is more viable and effective when coupled with some means of coercion, a concept of CSR solely premised on reciprocal (...)
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  10.  6
    A Test of Labor Union Social Responsibility: Effects on Union Member Attachment.Cedric E. Dawkins - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (2):214-245.
    Social responsibility is addressed to corporations, but can also be applied to other powerful organizations. This study tests the impact of labor union social responsibility on key measures of labor union attachment. After developing a scale of labor union social responsibility, craft union apprentice workers were surveyed and their responses analyzed with structural equation modeling. Labor union social responsibility was directly and positively related to union commitment and job satisfaction. Union commitment and job satisfaction fully mediated the negative relationship between (...)
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  11.  31
    Beyond Acclamations and Excuses: Environmental Performance, Voluntary Environmental Disclosure, and the Role of Visibility.Cedric E. Dawkins & John W. Fraas - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (4):655-655.
    Some researchers have argued that firms with favorable environmental performance are more likely to provide voluntary environmental disclosure, while others have argued that firms with poor environmental performance are most likely to disclose. The authors propose a curvilinear relation between environmental performance and environmental disclosure that is moderated by visibility. Data were obtained from S&P 500 firms queried by the Ceres’ Climate Disclosure Project. Results show a U-shaped environmental performance–environmental disclosure relation and a main effect for visibility, but no moderating (...)
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  12.  2
    Global Dispatches.Jennifer S. A. Leigh, Joy E. Beatty, Cedric Dawkins, Ranjini Swamy & Roz Sunley - 2017 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 28:152-160.
    This session used a news report framework to discuss emerging and perennial challenges and opportunities for business and society scholars in the classroom. For this innovative program session, we adopted a narrowcasting approach that transmitted information relevant to a small and focused audience of responsible management scholars who share an interest in best practices in our business and society classes across all disciplines. The metaphor of the newscast aimed to convey that responsible management education is a dynamic and newsworthy area. (...)
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  13.  10
    Semiotic systems with duality of patterning and the issue of cultural replicators.Gerhard Schaden & Cédric Patin - 2017 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (1):4.
    Two major works in recent evolutionary biology have in different ways touched upon the issue of cultural replicators in language, namely Dawkins’ Selfish Gene and Maynard Smith and Szathmáry’s Major Transitions in Evolution. In the latter, the emergence of language is referred to as the last major transition in evolution, a claim we argue to be derived from a crucial property of language, called Duality of Patterning. Prima facie, this property makes natural language look like a structural equivalent to (...)
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  14.  19
    Cedric E. Pickford and Rex Last, Eds., The Arthurian Bibliography, 2: Subject Index. Cambridge, Eng.: D. S. Brewer, 1983. Pp. 117. $49.50. [REVIEW]Michael Foley - 1985 - Speculum 60 (3):751.
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  15.  6
    Cedric E. Pickford and Rex Last, Eds., The Arthurian Bibliography, 1: Author Listing. Cambridge, Eng.: D. S. Brewer, 1981. Pp. Xxxiv, 820. $70. Available in U.S. From Biblio Distribution Center, Totowa, NJ 07512. [REVIEW]Michael Foley - 1983 - Speculum 58 (2):558.
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  16.  23
    Corporate Social Responsibility and Job Choice Intentions: A Cross-Cultural Analysis.Dawkins Cedric, Jamali Dima, Charlotte Karam, Lin Lianlian & Jixin Zhao - 2016 - Business and Society 55 (6):854-888.
    A theory of planned behavior framework was employed to investigate the impact of corporate social responsibility perceptions on the job choice intentions of American, Chinese, and Lebanese college students. Attitudes toward CSR, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control explained moderate levels of the variance in job choice intention in all three countries. Attitudes toward CSR, which entailed individual evaluations of CSR, were positively related to job choice intentions among Lebanese and American respondents, but not Chinese respondents. Subjective norm, the importance (...)
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  17.  47
    Agonistic Pluralism and Stakeholder Engagement.Cedric Dawkins - 2015 - Business Ethics Quarterly 25 (1):1-28.
    ABSTRACT:This paper argues that, although stakeholder engagement occurs within the context of power, neither market-centered CSR nor the deliberative model of political CSR adequately addresses the specter of power asymmetries and the inevitability of conflict in stakeholder relations, particularly for powerless stakeholders. Noting that the objective of stakeholder engagement should not be benevolence toward stakeholders, but mechanisms that address power asymmetries such that stakeholders are able to protect their own interests, I present a framework of stakeholder engagement based on agonistic (...)
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  18.  70
    Coming Clean: The Impact of Environmental Performance and Visibility on Corporate Climate Change Disclosure. [REVIEW]Cedric Dawkins & John W. Fraas - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (2):303 - 322.
    Previous research provides mixed results on the relationship between corporate environmental performance and the level of voluntary environmental disclosure. We revisit this relation by testing competing predictions from defensive and accommodative approaches to voluntary disclosure with regard to climate change. In particular, we add to the prior literature by determining the extent to which environmental performance and company media visibility interact to prompt voluntary climate change disclosure. Using ordinal regression and Ceres, KLD, and Trucost ratings of S& P 500 companies, (...)
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  19. Beyond Wages and Working Conditions: A Conceptualization of Labor Union Social Responsibility. [REVIEW]Cedric Dawkins - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 95 (1):129 - 143.
    This article integrates theory and concepts from the business and society, business ethics, and labor relations literatures to offer a conceptualization of labor union social responsibility that includes activities geared toward three primary objectives: economic equity, workplace democracy, and social justice. Economic, workplace, and social labor union stakeholders are identified, likely issues are highlighted, and the implications of labor union social responsibility for labor union strategy are discussed. It is noted that, given the breadth of labor unions in a global (...)
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  20.  8
    Erec: Roman Arthurien En Prose. Cedric E. Pickford. Holmes - 1960 - Speculum 35 (4):656-657.
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  21.  31
    Dawkins’s Best Argument.Gregory E. Ganssle - 2008 - Philosophia Christi 10 (1):39-56.
    Richard Dawkins’s best argument against the existence of God aims to show that the universe fits better with atheism than with theism. The fact that complex life developed gradually over a long period of time is required by an atheistic view but is not required by a theistic view. This fact, then, supports the atheistic view. This argument does raise the probability of atheism. I discuss four analogous arguments that point towards theism. I conclude that Dawkins’s argument lends (...)
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  22.  2
    Brain Activity During Mental Imagery of Gait Versus Gait-Like Plantar Stimulation: A Novel Combined Functional MRI Paradigm to Better Understand Cerebral Gait Control.Matthieu Labriffe, Cédric Annweiler, Liubov E. Amirova, Guillemette Gauquelin-Koch, Aram Ter Minassian, Louis-Marie Leiber, Olivier Beauchet, Marc-Antoine Custaud & Mickaël Dinomais - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  23.  18
    The Higher Aspects of Greek ReligionThe Universities of Ancient GreeceA Commentary on HerodotusAristotle's Constitution of AthensThe Periplus of the Erythraean SeaCorintoI CipselidiAtene, Corinto, Pericle, E le Cause Della Guerra PeloponnesiacaCommune di Napoli. Annuario Storico. Part I. Le Origini; Napoli Greco-RomanaA History of the Eastern Roman Empire From the Fall of Irene to the Accession of Basil I. [REVIEW]R. M. Dawkins, L. R. Farnell, John W. H. Walden, W. W. How, J. Wells, J. E. Sandys, W. H. Schoff, G. Porzio, J. B. Bury, R. W. Livingstone, W. G. de Burgh, Guy Dickins, Georg Matthies, Evaristo Breccia, Franz Heinewetter, Joseph Wright & P. Louis Ronzevalle - 1912 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 32:399.
  24.  5
    Clergy’s Views of the Relationship Between Science and Religious Faith and the Implications for Science Education.Daniel L. Dickerson, Karen R. Dawkins & John E. Penick - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (4):359-386.
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  25.  42
    Ecosystem Complexity Through the Lens of Logical Depth: Capturing Ecosystem Individuality.Cédric Gaucherel - 2014 - Biological Theory 9 (4):440-451.
    In this article, I will discuss possible differences between ecosystems and organisms on the basis of their intrinsic complexity. As the concept of complexity still remains highly debated, I propose here a practical and original way to measure the complexity of an ecosystem or an organism. For this purpose, I suggest using the concept of logical depth (LD) in a specific manner, in order to take into account the difficulty as well as the time needed to generate the studied object. (...)
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  26.  10
    Clergy’s Views of the Relationship Between Science and Religious Faith and the Implications for Science Education.Daniel L. Dickerson, Karen R. Dawkins & John E. Penick - 2008 - Science & Education 17 (4):359-386.
  27. From an Animal's Point of View: Motivation, Fitness, and Animal Welfare.Marian Stamp Dawkins - 1990 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 13 (1):1-9.
    To study animal welfare empirically we need an objective basis for deciding when an animal is suffering. Suffering includes a wide range ofunpleasant emotional states such as fear, boredom, pain, and hunger. Suffering has evolved as a mechanism for avoiding sources ofdanger and threats to fitness. Captive animals often suffer in situations in which they are prevented from doing something that they are highly motivated to do. The an animal is prepared to pay to attain or to escape a situation (...)
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  28. 00-Věda. Všeobecnosti. Základy vědy a kultury. Vědecká práce.Richard Dawkins, Simon Singh & Randall E. Stross - 2009 - Filosofia 367:20.
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  29.  20
    Seven Principles to Rule Them All: E. Coen: Cells to Civilizations. Princeton University Press, 2012, 360 Pp, $29.95, ISBN: 9780691149677. [REVIEW]Cedric Paternotte - 2013 - Biology and Philosophy 28 (4):683-692.
    Coen offers a unified explanation of natural selection, development, learning and cultural change, based on seven fundamental principles: population variation, persistence, reinforcement, competition, cooperation, combinatorial richness and recurrence. I discuss whether all seven principles are justified, successfully fit the four processes, encompass life processes only, and have any strong explanatory import. I find each of these claims doubtful.
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  30.  30
    Ideology and Science: D. R. Alexander and R. L. Numbers : Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2010, 453pp, £22.50 PB.David E. Packham - 2012 - Metascience 21 (1):171-174.
    Ideology and science Content Type Journal Article Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9535-3 Authors David E. Packham, Materials Research Centre, University of Bath, Bath, BA2 7AY UK Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  31.  13
    The New Atheism and Models of God: The Case of Richard Dawkins.James E. Taylor - 2013 - In Jeanine Diller & Asa Kasher (eds.), Models of God and Alternative Ultimate Realities. Springer. pp. 735--744.
  32.  11
    Biology and Ideology: From Descartes to Dawkins - Edited by Denis Alexander and Ron Numbers.Garland E. Allen - 2011 - Centaurus 53 (4):336-338.
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  33.  7
    Joint Improvisation, Minimalism and Pluralism About Joint Action.Pierre Saint Germier, Cedric Paternotte & Clement Canonne - 2021 - Journal of Social Ontology 7 (1):97-118.
    This paper introduces freely improvised joint actions, a class of joint actions characterized by highly unspecific goals and the unavailability of shared plans. For example, walking together just for the sake of walking together with no specific destination or path in mind provides an ordinary example of FIJAs, along with examples in the arts, e.g., collective free improvisation in music, improv theater, or contact improvisation in dance. We argue that classic philosophical accounts of joint action such as Bratman’s rule them (...)
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  34.  1
    The Robot's Rebellion: Finding Meaning in the Age of Darwin.Keith E. Stanovich - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    The idea that we might be robots is no longer the stuff of science fiction; decades of research in evolutionary biology and cognitive science have led many esteemed scientists to the conclusion that, according to the precepts of universal Darwinism, humans are merely the hosts for two replicators that have no interest in us except as conduits for replication. Richard Dawkins, for example, jolted us into realizing that we are just survival mechanisms for our own genes, sophisticated robots in (...)
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  35.  23
    The Ideological Uses of Evolutionary Biology in Recent Atheist Apologetics.Alister E. Mcgrath - 2010 - In Denis Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.), Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. University of Chicago Press.
    During the first few years of the twenty-first century, a number of high-profile populist books offering an aggressively atheist critique of religion appeared. This “clustering” of prominent works of atheist apologetics may be attributed to the fact that developments in biology, especially evolutionary biology, have profound negative implications for belief in God. Richard Dawkins' The God Delusion and Daniel Dennett's Breaking the Spell, both published in 2006, argue that the Darwinian theory of evolution erodes many traditional metaphysical notions—such as (...)
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  36.  19
    Postscript.H. E. - 1900 - The Classical Review 14 (8):387-388.
    Part of the success of the hardcover edition of this book can no doubt be attributed to its fortunate timing, appearing just when the public was becoming aware of the corrosive effects extremist religion has had on society in recent years. Readers have welcomed the opportunity to learn about the alternative to theism—looking at the world as it is, without having to create a place for God in it. Fine authors such as Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris, and Christopher Hitchens (...)
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  37.  10
    Hume’s Living Legacy.P. J. E. Kail - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 54:63-68.
    He is the darling of naturalism or the bogeyman of scepticism, a friend to virtue or an unwitting party to incipient nihilism. He is politically conservative, or a liberator from old views. He is a fideist, an advocate of faith over reason, or a precursor of Richard Dawkins.
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  38. New Atheists.James E. Taylor - 2017 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The New Atheists The New Atheists are authors of early twenty-first century books promoting atheism. These authors include Sam Harris, Richard Dawkins, Daniel Dennett, and Christopher Hitchens. The “New Atheist” label for these critics of religion and religious belief emerged out of journalistic commentary on the contents and impacts of their books. A standard observation is … Continue reading New Atheists →.
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  39.  1
    The Big Questions: Tackling the Problems of Philosophy with Ideas From Mathematics, Economics, and Physics.Steven E. Landsburg - 2009 - Free Press.
    The beginning of the journey -- What this book is about : using ideas from mathematics, economics, and physics to tackle the big questions in philosophy : what is real? what can we know? what is the difference between right and wrong? and how should we live? -- Reality and unreality -- On what there is -- Why is there something instead of nothing? the best answer I have : mathematics exists because it must and everything else exists because it (...)
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  40.  74
    Hume’s Living Legacy.P. J. E. Kail - 2011 - The Philosophers' Magazine 54 (54):63-68.
    He is the darling of naturalism or the bogeyman of scepticism, a friend to virtue or an unwitting party to incipient nihilism. He is politically conservative, or a liberator from old views. He is a fideist, an advocate of faith over reason, or a precursor of Richard Dawkins.
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  41.  25
    One Causal Mechanism in Evolution: One Unit of Selection.Carla E. Kary - 1990 - Philosophy of Science 57 (2):290-296.
    The theory of evolution is supported by the theory of genetics, which provides a single causal mechanism to explain the activities of replicators and interactors. A common misrepresentation of the theory of evolution, however, is that interaction (involving interactors), and transmission (involving replicators), are distinct causal processes. Sandra Mitchell (1987) is misled by this. I discuss why only a single causal mechanism is working in evolution and why it is sufficient. Further, I argue that Mitchell's mistaken view of the causal (...)
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  42.  9
    Хϱονιϰό Της Кύπρου. Παϱάλληλη Διπλωματιϰή Еϰδοση Των Хειϱογϱάφων. Еισαγωγή Еπιμέλεια Michaeles Pieres - Angel Nikolaou-konnare [кέντϱο Еπιστημονιϰών Еϱευνών - Πηγές ϰαι Μελέτες Της Кυπϱιαϰής Ιστοϱίας, 48.]. [REVIEW]E. Mathiopoulou-Tornaritou - 2005 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 97 (2):622-623.
    Die neue diplomatische Ausgabe der Chronik von Leontios Machairas setzt zwar die Publikationen von K. Sathas und Dawkins voraus, Methode und Zielsetzungen der neuen Bearbeitung und Veröffentlichung der Chronik – der 2. Band mit der Kritischen Ausgabe wird noch geliefert – weichen jedoch davon ab und nähern sich den zeitgenössischen textphilologischen Forderungen. Die Herausgeber des hier zu präsentierenden 1. Bandes haben schon seit langem in zahlreichen Abhandlungen an dem Dialog über die Chronik von Machairas selbst und ihre Interpretationsmöglichkeiten wie (...)
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  43.  26
    Memes and the Ecological Niche.Deby L. Cassill & Benjamin E. Hardisty - 2010 - Biological Theory 5 (2):109-111.
    In The Selfish Gene, Dawkins (1976) proposed the existence of a unit of cultural inheritance that he called the meme. Some examples of memes are clothing fashions, tool designs, and architectural designs. Like genes, memes must share three properties: longevity, fecundity, and copying-fidelity. Longevity refers to the lifespan of a meme, fecundity to the rate of spread of a meme, and copying-fidelity to how accurately a meme is replicated. In other work (Hardisty and Cassill, in preparation), we hypothesized that (...)
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  44. Darwinian Reductionism, or, How to Stop Worrying and Love Molecular Biology.Alexander Rosenberg - 2006 - University of Chicago Press.
    After the discovery of the structure of DNA in 1953, scientists working in molecular biology embraced reductionism—the theory that all complex systems can be understood in terms of their components. Reductionism, however, has been widely resisted by both nonmolecular biologists and scientists working outside the field of biology. Many of these antireductionists, nevertheless, embrace the notion of physicalism—the idea that all biological processes are physical in nature. How, Alexander Rosenberg asks, can these self-proclaimed physicalists also be antireductionists? With clarity and (...)
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  45.  52
    Em Busca de uma Fundamentação para a Memética.Gustavo Leal-Toledo - 2013 - Trans/Form/Ação 36 (1):187-210.
    O conceito de memes surgiu em 1976 com Richard Dawkins, como um análogo culturaldos genes. Deveria ser possível estudar a cultura através do processo de evolução por seleção natural de memes, ou seja, de comportamentos, ideias e conceitos. O filósofo Daniel Dennett utilizou tal conceito como central em sua teoria da consciência e pela primeira vez divulgou para o grande público a possibilidade de uma ciência dos memes chamada "memética". A pesquisadora Susan Blackmore(1999) foi quem mais se aproximou de (...)
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  46. The Evolutionary Structure of Scientific Theories.John S. Wilkins - 1998 - Biology and Philosophy 13 (4):479–504.
    David Hull's (1988c) model of science as a selection process suffers from a two-fold inability: (a) to ascertain when a lineage of theories has been established; i.e., when theories are descendants of older theories or are novelties, and what counts as a distinct lineage; and (b) to specify what the scientific analogue is of genotype and phenotype. This paper seeks to clarify these issues and to propose an abstract model of theories analogous to particulate genetic structure, in order to reconstruct (...)
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  47.  21
    But is It Science? The Philosophical Question in the Creation/Evolution Controversy.Robert T. Pennock & Michael Ruse (eds.) - 1988 - Prometheus Books.
    Preface 9 PART I: RELIGIOUS, SCIENTIFIC, AND PHILOSOPHICAL BACKGROUND Introduction to Part I 19 1. The Bible 27 2. Natural Theology 33 William Paley 3. On the Origin of Species 38 Charles Darwin 4. Objections to Mr. Darwin’s Theory of the Origin of Species 65 Adam Sedgwick 5. The Origin of Species 73 Thomas H. Huxley 6. What Is Darwinism? 82 Charles Hodge 7. Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Program 105 Karl Popper 8. Karl Popper’s Philosophy of Biology 116 Michael (...)
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  48.  92
    Lifelines: Biology Beyond Determinism.Steven P. R. Rose - 1998 - Oxford University Press.
    Reductionism--understanding complex processes by breaking them into simpler elements--dominates scientific thinking around the world and has certainly proved a powerful tool, leading to major discoveries in every field of science. But reductionism can be taken too far, especially in the life sciences, where sociobiological thinking has bordered on biological determinism. Thus popular science writers such as Richard Dawkins, author of the highly influential The Selfish Gene, can write that human beings are just "robot vehicles blindly programmed to preserve the (...)
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  49.  37
    Philosophy of Biology.Michael Ruse (ed.) - 1998 - Prometheus Books.
    Biologists study life in its various physical forms, while philosophers of biology seek answers to questions about the nature, purpose, and impact of this research. What permits us to distinguish between living and nonliving things even though both are made of the same minerals? Is the complex structure of organisms proof that a creative force is working its will in the physical universe, or are existing life-forms the random result of an evolutionary process working itself out over eons of time? (...)
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  50. Problematyczność ewolucyjnego wyjaśniania wiary religijnej.Adam P. Kubiak - 2011 - Racjonalia. Z Punktu Widzenia Humanistyki 1 (1):69-87.
    The aim of this paper was to prove that reduction of social, cultural and spiritual explanation of religion, to the purely biological one, is unattainable, and what is more, that such efforts are redundant and give threat to the quality of science, as well as to the quality of religious beliefs. With regard to elementary methodological scientific criteria, the examples of limitation in biological investigating and explaining of religion was shown. Subsequently, the paper presents a few important logical mistakes (pseudoarguments) (...)
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