25 found
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  1.  33
    Determining Risk in Pediatric Research with No Prospect of Direct Benefit: Time for a National Consensus on the Interpretation of Federal Regulations.Celia B. Fisher - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (3):5-10.
    United States federal regulations for pediatric research with no prospect of direct benefit restrict institutional review board (IRB) approval to procedures presenting: 1) no more than "minimal risk" (§ 45CFR46.404); or 2) no more than a "minor increase over minimal risk" if the research is commensurate with the subjects' previous or expected experiences and intended to gain vitally important information about the child's disorder or condition (§ 45CFR46.406) (DHHS 2001). During the 25 years since their adoption, these regulations have helped (...)
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  2.  59
    Adolescent and Parent Perspectives on Ethical Issues in Youth Drug Use and Suicide Survey Research.Celia B. Fisher - 2003 - Ethics and Behavior 13 (4):303-332.
    The contributions of adolescent and parent perspectives to ethical planning of survey research on youth drug use and suicide behaviors are highlighted through an empirical examination of 322 7th-12th graders' and 160 parents' opinions on questions related to 4 ethical dimensions of survey research practice: evaluating research risks and benefits, establishing guardian permission requirements, developing confidentiality and disclosure policies, and using cash incentives for recruitment. Generational and ethnic variation in response to questionnaire items developed from discussions within adolescent and parent (...)
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  3.  12
    Enhancing the Responsible Conduct of Sexual Health Prevention Research Across Global and Local Contexts: Training for Evidence-Based Research Ethics.Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):87-96.
    The HIV/aids pandemic has brought global attention to the ethical challenges of conducting research involving socially vulnerable participants. Such challenges require not only ethical deliberation but also an empirical evidentiary basis for research ethics policies and practices. This need has been addressed through the Fordham University HIV and Drug Abuse Prevention Research Ethics Institute, a National Institute on Drug Abuse–funded program that trains and funds early career scientists in conducting research on HIV/drug abuse research ethics. This article describes the ethical (...)
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  4.  19
    Through the Community Looking Glass: Reevaluating the Ethical and Policy Implications of Research on Adolescent Risk and Psychopathology.Scyatta A. Wallace & Celia B. Fisher - 2000 - Ethics and Behavior 10 (2):99-118.
    Drawing on a conception of scientists and community members as partners in the construction of ethically responsible research practices, this article urges investigators to seek the perspectives of teenagers and parents in evaluating the personal and political costs and benefits of research on adolescent risk behaviors. Content analysis of focus group discussions involving over 100 parents and teenagers from diverse ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds revealed community opinions regarding the scientific merit, social value, racial bias, and participant and group harms and (...)
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  5. Relational Ethics and Research with Vulnerable Populations.Celia B. Fisher - 1999 - Reports on Research Involving Persons with Mental Disorders That May Affect Decision-Making Capacity 2:29-49.
     
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  6.  15
    Providing Puberty Suppression Treatment for Transgender Youth: What Constitutes Competence?Celia B. Fisher - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (7):68-69.
    Volume 19, Issue 7, July 2019, Page 68-69.
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  7.  77
    Graduate Socialization in the Responsible Conduct of Research: A National Survey on the Research Ethics Training Experiences of Psychology Doctoral Students.Lindsay G. Feldman, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):496-518.
    Little is known about the mechanisms by which psychology graduate programs transmit responsible conduct of research (RCR) values. A national sample of 968 current students and recent graduates of mission-diverse doctoral psychology programs completed a Web-based survey on their research ethics challenges, perceptions of RCR mentoring and department climate, whether they were prepared to conduct research responsibly, and whether they believed psychology as a discipline promotes scientific integrity. Research experience, mentor RCR instruction and modeling, and department RCR policies predicted student (...)
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  8.  4
    A Relational Perspective on Ethics-in-Science Decisionmaking for Research with Vulnerable Populations.Celia B. Fisher - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  9.  18
    A Goodness-of-Fit Ethic for Child Assent to Nonbeneficial Research.Celia B. Fisher - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):27 – 28.
  10.  5
    Peruvian Female Sex Workers’ Ethical Perspectives on Their Participation in an HPV Vaccine Clinical Trial.Brandon Brown, Mariam Davtyan & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):115-128.
    This study examined female sex workers’ evaluation of ethically relevant experiences of participating in an HPV4 vaccine clinical trial conducted in Lima, Peru. The Sunflower Study provided all participants with HPV testing, treatment for those testing positive, and access to the vaccine for all testing negative. Themes that emerged from content analysis of interviews with 16 former participants included the importance of respectful treatment and access to healthcare not otherwise available and concerns about privacy protections, the potential for HIV stigma, (...)
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  11.  5
    Risks and Benefits of Text-Message-Delivered and Small-Group-Delivered Sexual Health Interventions Among African American Women in the Midwestern United States.Michelle R. Broaddus, Lisa A. Marsch & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):146-168.
    Interventions to decrease acquisition and transmission of sexually transmitted diseases among African American women using text messages versus small-group delivery modalities pose distinct research risks and benefits. Determining the relative risk–benefit ratio of studies using these different modalities has relied on the expertise of investigators and their institutional review boards. In this study, African American women participated in focus groups and surveys to elicit and compare risks and benefits inherent in these two intervention delivery modalities, focusing on issues such as (...)
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  12.  50
    Measures of Mentoring, Department Climate, and Graduate Student Preparedness in the Responsible Conduct of Psychological Research.Sabrina J. Goodman, Kaori Kubo Germano, Adam L. Fried & Celia B. Fisher - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (3):227-252.
    Drawing upon two independent national samples of 201 and 241 psychology graduate students, this article describes the development and psychometric evaluation of 4 Web-based student self-report scales tapping student socialization in the responsible conduct of research (RCR) with human participants. The Mentoring the Responsible Conduct of Research Scale (MRCR) is composed of 2 subscales assessing RCR instruction and modeling by research mentors. The 2 subscales of the RCR Department Climate Scale (RCR-DC) assess RCR department policies and faculty and student RCR (...)
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  13.  9
    Reducing Health Disparities and Enhancing the Responsible Conduct of Research Involving LGBT Youth.Celia B. Fisher & Brian Mustanski - 2014 - Hastings Center Report 44 (s4):S28-S31.
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  14.  6
    Ethical Issues in Including Suicidal Individuals in Clinical Research.Celia B. Fisher, Jane L. Pearson, Scott Kim & Charles F. Reynolds - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  15.  6
    Structural and Interpersonal Benefits and Risks of Participation in HIV Research: Perspectives of Female Sex Workers in Guatemala.Shira M. Goldenberg, Monica Rivera Mindt, Teresita Rocha Jimenez, Kimberly Brouwer, Sonia Morales Miranda & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):97-114.
    This study explored perceived benefits and risks of participation in HIV research among 33 female sex workers in Tecún Umán, Guatemala. Stigma associated with sex work and HIV was a critical barrier to research participation. Key benefits of participation included access to HIV/sti prevention and testing, as well as positive and trusting relationships between sex workers and research teams. Control exerted by managers had mixed influences on perceived research risks and benefits. Results underscore the critical need for HIV investigators to (...)
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  16.  5
    Efficacy of an Educational Intervention to Increase Consent for HIV Testing in Rural Appalachia.Tania B. Basta, Teena Stambaugh & Celia B. Fisher - 2015 - Ethics and Behavior 25 (2):129-145.
    This study sought to assess barriers and enhance readiness to consent to home and Planned Parenthood HIV testing among 60 out-patients from a mental health and substance abuse clinic in rural Appalachia. Testing barriers included not knowing where to get tested, lack of confidentiality, and loss of partners if one tested sero-positive. The intervention yielded lowered HIV stigma, increase in HIV knowledge, and agreement to take the HIV home test. These results are encouraging because they suggest that a brief educational (...)
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  17.  38
    Developing a Code of Ethics for Academics.Celia B. Fisher - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (2):171-179.
    This article discusses the possibilities and pitfalls of constructing a code of ethics for university professors. Professional, educational, legal, and policy questions regarding the goals, format, and content of an academic ethics code are raised and a series of aspirational principles and enforceable standards that might be included in such a document are presented for discussion and debate.
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  18.  23
    Reporting and Referring Research Participants: Ethical Challenges for Investigators Studying Children and Youth.Celia B. Fisher - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (2):87 – 95.
    Researchers studying at-risk and socially disenfranchised child and adolescent populations are facing ethical dilemmas not previously encountered in the laboratory or the clinic. One such set of ethical challenges involves whether to: (a) share with guardians research derived information regarding participant risk, (b) provide participants with service referrals, or (c) report to local authorities problems uncovered during the course of investigation. The articles assembled for this special section address the complex issues of deciding if, when, and how to report or (...)
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  19.  56
    Deception Research Involving Children: Ethical Practices and Paradoxes.Celia B. Fisher - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):271 – 287.
    This commentary draws on the thoughtful contemplation and innovative procedures described in the special section articles as well as current professional codes and federal regulations to highlight ethical practices and paradoxes of deception research involving children. The discussion is organized around 4 key decision points for the conduct of responsible deception research involving children: (a) evaluating the scientific validity and social value of deception research within the context of alternative methodologies, (b) avoiding and minimizing experimental risk, (c) the use of (...)
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  20.  15
    Human Rights and Psychologists' Involvement in Assessments Related to Death Penalty Cases.Celia B. Fisher - 2013 - Ethics and Behavior 23 (1):58-61.
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  21.  8
    “Money Helps”: People Who Inject Drugs and Their Perceptions of Financial Compensation and its Ethical Implications.Roberto Abadie, Brandon Brown & Celia B. Fisher - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (8):607-620.
    This study documents how people who inject drugs in rural Puerto Rico perceive payments for participating in HIV epidemiological studies. In-depth interviews were conducted among a subset of active PWID older than 18 years of age who had been previously enrolled in a much larger study. Findings suggest that financial compensation was the main motivation for initially enrolling in the parent study. Then, as trust in the researchers developed, participants came to perceive compensation as part of a reciprocal exchange in (...)
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  22.  2
    SACHRP Recommendations for Review of Children's Research Requiring DHHS Secretary's Approval.Celia B. Fisher & Susan Z. Kornetsky - 2005 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 27 (3):8.
  23.  8
    Left-Right Coding in Children: Implications for Adult Performance.Celia B. Fisher & Lila G. Braine - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (6):305-307.
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  24.  12
    The Forum.Celia B. Fisher, Barry Rosenfeld, Donna M. McKenzie & Margaret Urban Walker - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):279 – 293.
  25.  5
    Guest Editorial.Celia B. Fisher - 1994 - Ethics and Behavior 4 (2):85.
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