10 found
Order:
See also
Celso Neto
University of Exeter
  1.  53
    When imprecision is a good thing, or how imprecise concepts facilitate integration in biology.Celso Neto - 2020 - Biology and Philosophy 35 (6):1-21.
    Contrary to the common-sense view and positivist aspirations, scientific concepts are often imprecise. Many of these concepts are ambiguous, vague, or have an under-specified meaning. In this paper, I discuss how imprecise concepts promote integration in biology and thus benefit science. Previous discussions of this issue focus on the concepts of molecular gene and evolutionary novelty. The concept of molecular gene helps biologists integrate explanatory practices, while the notion of evolutionary novelty helps them integrate research questions into an interdisciplinary problem (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  2.  11
    what is a lineage?Celso Neto - 2019 - Philosophy of Science 86 (5):1099-1110.
    This article defends lineage pluralism; the view that biological lineages are not a single, unified type of entity. I analyze aspects of evolutionary theory, phylogenetics, and developmental biology to show that these areas appeal to distinct notions of lineage. I formulate three arguments for lineage pluralism. These arguments undercut the main motivations for lineage monism; the view that biological lineages are a single, unified type of entity. Although this view is rarely made explicit, it is often assumed in philosophy and (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  3.  23
    Scaffolds and scaffolding: an explanatory strategy in evolutionary biology.Celso Neto, Letitia Meynell & Christopher T. Jones - 2023 - Biology and Philosophy 38 (2):1-22.
    In recent years, the explanatory term “scaffold” has been gaining prominence in evolutionary biology. This notion has a long history in other areas, in particular, developmental psychology. In this paper, we connect these two traditions and identify a specific type of explanatory strategy shared between them, namely scaffolding explanations. We offer a new definition of “scaffold” anchored in the explanatory practices of evolutionary biologists and developmental psychologists that has yet to be clearly articulated. We conclude by offering a systematic overview (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  12
    Scaffold: A Causal Concept for Evolutionary Explanations.Celso Neto & Letitia Meynell - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science:1-17.
    The concept of scaffold is widespread in science and increasingly common in evolutionary biology. While this concept figures in causal explanations, it is not clear what scaffolds are and what role they play in those explanations. Here we present evolutionary scaffolding explanation as a distinct type of explanatory strategy, distinguishing it from other types of evolutionary explanation. By doing so, we clarify the meaning of “scaffold” as a causal concept and its potential contribution to accounts of evolutionary novelty and major (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  5.  53
    Rethinking Cohesion and Species Individuality.Celso Neto - 2016 - Biological Theory 11 (3):01-12.
    According to the species-as-individuals thesis(hereafter S-A-I), species are cohesive entities. Barker and Wilson recently pointed out that the type of cohesion exhibited by species is fundamentally different from that of organisms (paradigmatic individuals), suggesting that species are homeostatic property cluster kinds. In this article, I propose a shift in how to approach cohesion in the context of S-A-I: instead of analyzing the different types of cohesion and questioning whether species have them, I focus on the role played by cohesion in (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  6.  22
    From idealizations to social practices in science: the case of phylogenetic trees.Celso Neto - 2021 - Synthese 199 (3-4):10865-10884.
    In this paper, I show how idealizations contribute to social activities in science, such as the recruitment of experts to a research project. These contributions have not been explicitly discussed by recent philosophical accounts of scientific idealization. These accounts have focused on how idealizations influence activities like scientific theorization, explanation, and modeling. Other accounts focus on how idealizations influence policy-making and science communication. I expand these accounts by exploring the uses of idealized phylogenetic trees in science. Trees are not only (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7.  17
    The Risks of Biological Races.Celso Neto - unknown
    Biological race realism (hereafter BRR) is the view that humans form biologically distinct groups. Non-racist versions of BRR have emerged recently based on sophisticated work in science and philosophy (Hardimon 2003; 2017; Spencer 2012; 2014; 2019a). In this paper, I examine Quayshawn Spencer’s version of BRR and argue that it fails to fully consider how social, political, and moral values influence the metaphysics of race. To do so, I rely on the “science and values” literature and the notions of inductive, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  8.  18
    A Chemostat Model for Evolution by Persistence: Clade Selection and Its Explanatory Autonomy.Celso Neto & W. Ford Doolittle - 2023 - Philosophy of Science 90 (1):21-38.
    Many contemporary biologists and philosophers of biology admit that selection occurs at any level of the biological hierarchy at which entities showing heritable variation in fitness are found, while insisting that fitness at any level entails differential reproduction, not differential persistence. Those who allow that persistence can be selected doubt that selection on nonreproducing entities can be reiterated, to produce “complex adaptations.” We present here a verbal model of subclones evolving in a simple idealized chemostat that calls into question these (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Considerações Críticas sobre o papel do conceito de “coesão” na tese espécies –como–indivíduos de David Hull.Celso Neto - 2011 - Filosofia E História da Biologia 6 (2):189-209.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10. Indivíduos ou Tipos Naturais? Estatuto Ontológico e Natureza Histórica das Espécies Biológicas em David Hull.Celso Neto - 2012 - Rumos da Epistemologia 11:219-234.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark