Results for 'Chad Andrews'

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  1. TPS: A Hybrid Automatic-Interactive System for Developing Proofs.Peter B. Andrews & Chad E. Brown - 2006 - Journal of Applied Logic 4 (4):367-395.
  2. What is History? Lects., Tr. By E.A. Andrews.Karl Gotthart Lamprecht & E. A. Andrews - 1905
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  3.  32
    Do Apes Read Minds?: Toward a New Folk Psychology.Kristin Andrews - 2012 - MIT Press.
    Andrews argues for a pluralistic folk psychology that employs different kinds of practices and different kinds of cognitive tools (including personality trait attribution, stereotype activation, inductive reasoning about past behavior, and ...
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  4. The Animal Mind: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Animal Cognition.Kristin Andrews - 2014 - Routledge.
    The study of animal cognition raises profound questions about the minds of animals and philosophy of mind itself. Aristotle argued that humans are the only animal to laugh, but in recent experiments rats have also been shown to laugh. In other experiments, dogs have been shown to respond appropriately to over two hundred words in human language. In this introduction to the philosophy of animal minds Kristin Andrews introduces and assesses the essential topics, problems and debates as they cut (...)
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  5.  58
    Speaking Without Interpreting: A Reply to Bouma on Autism and Davidsonian Interpretation.Kristin Andrews & Ljiljana Radenovic - 2006 - Philosophical Psychology 19 (5):663 – 678.
    We clarify some points previously made by Andrews, and defend the claim that Davidson's account of belief can be and is challenged by the existence of some people with autism. We argue that both Bouma and Andrews (Philosophical Psychology, 15) blurred the subtle distinctions between the psychological concepts of theory of mind and joint attention and the Davidsonian concepts of interpretation and triangulation. And we accept that appeal to control group studies is not the appropriate place to look (...)
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  6.  3
    Luther's Reformation and Sixteenth-Century Catholic Reform: Broadening a Traditional Narrative.Robert M. Andrews - 2017 - The Australasian Catholic Record 94 (4):427.
    Andrews, Robert M A way of dealing with historical episodes, the consequences of which continue to challenge us, is to ask a counterfactual-a 'what if?' question. Martin Luther's life, his critique of the Catholic Church, his challenge to the social and political hegemony of European Catholicism, the resultant splintering of an ecclesial unity assumed by the medieval mind to be practically impenetrable, is one such historical episode. My counterfactual is as follows: What would have been the consequences to European (...)
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  7.  17
    Introduction: Special Issue on Argumentation in Education in Scandinavia and England. [REVIEW]Richard Andrews & Frøydis Hertzberg - 2009 - Argumentation 23 (4):433-436.
    Introduction: Special Issue on Argumentation in Education in Scandinavia and England Content Type Journal Article Pages 433-436 DOI 10.1007/s10503-009-9168-5 Authors Richard Andrews, University of London Department of Learning, Curriculum and Communication, Faculty of Culture and Pedagogy, Institute of Education 20 Bedford Way London WC1H 0AL UK Frøydis Hertzberg, University of Oslo Department of Teacher Education and School Development Oslo Norway Journal Argumentation Online ISSN 1572-8374 Print ISSN 0920-427X Journal Volume Volume 23 Journal Issue Volume 23, Number 4.
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  8. Reasoning in Simple Type Theory — Festschrift in Honor of Peter B. Andrews on His 70th Birthday, Studies in Logic, Vol. 17. [REVIEW]Christoph Benzmüller, Chad E. Brown, Jörg Siekmann & Richard Statman - 2010 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 16 (3):409-411.
  9.  5
    The Representation of Abstract Words: Why Emotion Matters.Stavroula-Thaleia Kousta, Gabriella Vigliocco, David P. Vinson, Mark Andrews & Elena Del Campo - 2011 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 140 (1):14-34.
  10.  7
    Integrating Experiential and Distributional Data to Learn Semantic Representations.Mark Andrews, Gabriella Vigliocco & David Vinson - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):463-498.
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  11.  22
    Ethical Leadership and Subordinate Outcomes: The Mediating Role of Organizational Politics and the Moderating Role of Political Skill. [REVIEW]K. Michele Kacmar, Martha C. Andrews, Kenneth J. Harris & Bennett J. Tepper - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 115 (1):33-44.
    This paper posits that ethical leadership increases important organizational and individual outcomes by reducing politics in the workplace. Specifically, we propose that perceptions of organizational politics serve as a mechanism through which ethical leadership affects outcomes. We further argue that the modeled relationships are moderated by political skill. By means of data from 136 matched pairs of supervisors and subordinates employed by a state agency in the southern US, we found support for our predictions. Specifically, we found that perceptions of (...)
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  12. It's in Your Nature: A Pluralistic Folk Psychology.Kristin Andrews - 2008 - Synthese 165 (1):13 - 29.
    I suggest a pluralistic account of folk psychology according to which not all predictions or explanations rely on the attribution of mental states, and not all intentional actions are explained by mental states. This view of folk psychology is supported by research in developmental and social psychology. It is well known that people use personality traits to predict behavior. I argue that trait attribution is not shorthand for mental state attributions, since traits are not identical to beliefs or desires, and (...)
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  13.  55
    Adaptationism – How to Carry Out an Exaptationist Program.Paul W. Andrews, Steven W. Gangestad & Dan Matthews - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (4):489-504.
    1 Adaptationism is a research strategy that seeks to identify adaptations and the specific selective forces that drove their evolution in past environments. Since the mid-1970s, paleontologist Stephen J. Gould and geneticist Richard Lewontin have been critical of adaptationism, especially as applied toward understanding human behavior and cognition. Perhaps the most prominent criticism they made was that adaptationist explanations were analogous to Rudyard Kipling's Just So Stories. Since storytelling is an inherent part of science, the criticism refers to the acceptance (...)
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  14. The Bright Side of Being Blue: Depression as an Adaptation for Analyzing Complex Problems.Paul W. Andrews & J. Anderson Thomson - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (3):620-654.
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  15.  32
    Ready to Teach or Ready to Learn: A Critique of the Natural Pedagogy Theory.Hisashi Nakao & Kristin Andrews - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (4):465-483.
    According to the theory of natural pedagogy, humans have a set of cognitive adaptations specialized for transmitting and receiving knowledge through teaching; young children can acquire generalizable knowledge from ostensive signals even in a single interaction, and adults also actively teach young children. In this article, we critically examine the theory and argue that ostensive signals do not always allow children to learn generalizable knowledge more efficiently, and that the empirical evidence provided in favor of the theory of natural pedagogy (...)
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  16.  60
    Understanding Norms Without a Theory of Mind.Kristin Andrews - 2009 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 52 (5):433-448.
    I argue that having a theory of mind requires having at least implicit knowledge of the norms of the community, and that an implicit understanding of the normative is what drives the development of a theory of mind. This conclusion is defended by two arguments. First I argue that a theory of mind likely did not develop in order to predict behavior, because before individuals can use propositional attitudes to predict behavior, they have to be able to use them in (...)
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  17. To Transform or Not to Transform: Using Generalized Linear Mixed Models to Analyse Reaction Time Data.Steson Lo & Sally Andrews - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  18.  72
    Anthropomorphism, Anthropectomy, and the Null Hypothesis.Kristin Andrews & Brian Huss - 2014 - Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):711-729.
    We examine the claim that the methodology of psychology leads to a bias in animal cognition research against attributing “anthropomorphic” properties to animals . This charge is examined in light of a debate on the role of folk psychology between primatologists who emphasize similarities between humans and other apes, and those who emphasize differences. We argue that while in practice there is sometimes bias, either in the formulation of the null hypothesis or in the preference of Type-II errors over Type-I (...)
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  19. Chimpanzee Theory of Mind: Looking in All the Wrong Places?Kristin Andrews - 2005 - Mind and Language 20 (5):521-536.
    I respond to an argument presented by Daniel Povinelli and Jennifer Vonk that the current generation of experiments on chimpanzee theory of mind cannot decide whether chimpanzees have the ability to reason about mental states. I argue that Povinelli and Vonk’s proposed experiment is subject to their own criticisms and that there should be a more radical shift away from experiments that ask subjects to predict behavior. Further, I argue that Povinelli and Vonk’s theoretical commitments should lead them to accept (...)
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  20.  48
    Reconciling Embodied and Distributional Accounts of Meaning in Language.Mark Andrews, Stefan Frank & Gabriella Vigliocco - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (3):359-370.
    Over the past 15 years, there have been two increasingly popular approaches to the study of meaning in cognitive science. One, based on theories of embodied cognition, treats meaning as a simulation of perceptual and motor states. An alternative approach treats meaning as a consequence of the statistical distribution of words across spoken and written language. On the surface, these appear to be opposing scientific paradigms. In this review, we aim to show how recent cross-disciplinary developments have done much to (...)
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  21.  27
    Separating Cognitive Capacity From Knowledge: A New Hypothesis.Graeme S. Halford, Nelson Cowan & Glenda Andrews - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (6):236-242.
  22. Interpreting Autism: A Critique of Davidson on Thought and Language.Kristin Andrews - 2002 - Philosophical Psychology 15 (3):317-332.
    Donald Davidson's account of interpretation purports to be a priori , though I argue that the empirical facts about interpretation, theory of mind, and autism must be considered when examining the merits of Davidson's view. Developmental psychologists have made plausible claims about the existence of some people with autism who use language but who are unable to interpret the minds of others. This empirical claim undermines Davidson's theoretical claims that all speakers must be interpreters of other speakers and that one (...)
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  23. An Introduction to Mathematical Logic and Type Theory: To Truth Through Proof.P. B. Andrews - 2002 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    This introduction to mathematical logic starts with propositional calculus and first-order logic. Topics covered include syntax, semantics, soundness, completeness, independence, normal forms, vertical paths through negation normal formulas, compactness, Smullyan's Unifying Principle, natural deduction, cut-elimination, semantic tableaux, Skolemization, Herbrand's Theorem, unification, duality, interpolation, and definability. The last three chapters of the book provide an introduction to type theory (higher-order logic). It is shown how various mathematical concepts can be formalized in this very expressive formal language. This expressive notation facilitates proofs (...)
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  24. Our Understanding of Other Minds: Theory of Mind and the Intentional Stance.Kristin Andrews - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (7):12-24.
    Psychologists distinguish between intentional systems which have beliefs and those which are also able to attribute beliefs to others. The ability to do the latter is called having a 'theory of mind', and many cognitive ethologists are hoping to find evidence for this ability in animal behaviour. I argue that Dennett's theory entails that any intentional system that interacts with another intentional system (such as vervet monkeys and chess-playing computers) has a theory of mind, which would make the distinction all (...)
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  25.  16
    Young Children's Theory of Mind and Emotion.Paul L. Harris, Carl N. Johnson, Deborah Hutton, Giles Andrews & Tim Cooke - 1989 - Cognition and Emotion 3 (4):379-400.
  26.  8
    Towards a More Place-Sensitive Nursing Research: An Invitation to Medical and Health Geography.Gavin J. Andrews - 2002 - Nursing Inquiry 9 (4):221-238.
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  27. Beyond Anthropomorphism: Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals.Kristin Andrews - 2011 - In Tom L. Beauchamp R. G. Frey (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Animal Ethics. Oxford University Press. pp. 469--494.
    In the context of animal cognitive research, anthropomorphism is defined as the attribution of uniquely human mental characteristics to animals. Those who worry about anthropomorphism in research, however, are immediately confronted with the question of which properties are uniquely human. One might think that researchers must first hypothesize the existence of a feature in an animal before they can, with warrant, claim that the property is uniquely human. But all too often, this isn't the approach. Rather, there is an a (...)
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  28.  5
    The Representation of Abstract Words: What Matters? Reply to Paivio's Comment on Kousta Et Al.Gabriella Vigliocco, Stavroula Kousta, David Vinson, Mark Andrews & Elena Del Campo - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (1):288-291.
  29.  20
    My Body, My Property.Lori B. Andrews - 1986 - Hastings Center Report 16 (5):28-38.
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  30.  66
    Homo Economicus Commercialization of Body Tissue in the Age of Biotechnology.Dorothy Nelkin & Lori Andrews - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (5):30-39.
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  31.  16
    Locating a Geography of Nursing: Space, Place and the Progress of Geographical Thought.Gavin J. Andrews - 2003 - Nursing Philosophy 4 (3):231-248.
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  32.  4
    Harnessing the Benefits of Biobanks.Lori B. Andrews - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 33 (1):22-30.
  33. Ecclesiastes 7:1–19.Susan R. Andrews - 2001 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 55 (3):299-301.
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  34.  1
    Lexical Precision in Skilled Readers: Individual Differences in Masked Neighbor Priming.Sally Andrews & Jolyn Hersch - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (2):299-318.
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  35. Three-Year-Olds' Theories of Mind Are Symbolic but of Low Complexity.Graeme S. Halford & Glenda Andrews - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  36.  82
    Politics or Metaphysics? On Attributing Psychological Properties to Animals.Kristin Andrews - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (1):51-63.
    Biology and Philosophy, forthcoming. Following recent arguments that there is no logical problem with attributing mental or agential states to animals, I address the epistemological problem of how to go about making accurate attributions. I suggest that there is a two-part general method for determining whether a psychological property can be accurately attributed to a member of another species: folk expert opinion and functionality. This method is based on well-known assessments used to attribute mental states to humans who are unable (...)
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  37.  15
    Research in the Ranks: Vulnerable Subjects, Coercible Collaboration, and the Hepatitis E Vaccine Trial in Nepal.Jason Andrews - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):35-51.
  38. Walter Pater as Oxford Hegelian: Plato and Platonism_ and T. H. Green’s _Prolegomena to Ethics.Kit Andrews - 2011 - Journal of the History of Ideas 72 (3):437-459.
  39. Surrogate Motherhood: The Challenge for Feminists.Lori B. Andrews - 1988 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 16 (1-2):72-80.
  40.  42
    The Hidden Markov Topic Model: A Probabilistic Model of Semantic Representation.Mark Andrews & Gabriella Vigliocco - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (1):101-113.
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  41.  2
    Harnessing the Benefits of Biobanks.Lori B. Andrews - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (1):22-30.
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  42. Review Essay: Mihalis Mentinis On the Novelty of the Zapatista Movement Mihalis Mentinis, Zapatistas: The Chiapas Revolt and What It Means for Radical Politics (London: Pluto Press, 2006).Timothy Andrews - 2010 - Thesis Eleven 101 (1):121-129.
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  43.  16
    The Interactive Effects of Behavioral Integrity and Procedural Justice on Employee Job Tension.Martha C. Andrews, K. Michele Kacmar & Charles Kacmar - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 126 (3):1-9.
    Using data collected from 280 full-time employees from a variety of organizations, this study examined the effects of employee perceptions of the behavioral integrity (BI) of their supervisors on job tension. The moderating effect of procedural justice (PJ) on this relationship also was examined. Substitutes for leadership theory (Kerr and Jermier, 1978) and psychological contract theory (Rousseau, Empl Responsib Rights J 2:121–139, 1989) were used as the theoretical foundations for the hypothesized relationships. Results indicated a negative relationship between BI and (...)
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  44.  36
    The Wagon-Wheel Illusion in Continuous Light.Tim Andrews & Dale Purves - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (6):261-263.
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  45.  19
    Behavioral Evaluation of Consciousness in Severe Brain Damage.S. Majerus, H. Gill-Thwaites, Kristin Andrews & Steven Laureys - 2006 - In Steven Laureys (ed.), Boundaries of Consciousness. Elsevier.
  46. Book Review: More Power in the Pulpit: How America's Most Effective Black Preachers Prepare Their Sermons. [REVIEW]Dale P. Andrews - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (1):104-106.
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    : The Development of Deductive Reasoning: How Important is Complexity?Graeme S. Halford & Glenda Andrews - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):123 – 145.
    Current conceptions of the nature of human reasoning make it no longer tenable to assess children's inference by reference to the norms of logical inference. Alternatively, the complexity of the mental models employed in children's inferences can be analysed. This approach is applied to transitive inference, class inclusion, categorical induction, theory of mind, oddity, categorical syllogisms, analogy, and reasoning deficits. It is argued that a coherent account of children's reasoning emerges in that there is correspondence between tasks at the same (...)
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  48.  32
    Telling Stories Without Words.Kristin Andrews - 2009 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 16 (6-8):6-8.
    In this review article of Dan Hutto's bok Folk Psychological Narratives: The Sociocultural Basis of Understanding Reasons, I argue that we can take a functional approach to FP that identifies it with the practice of explaining behaviour -- that is, we can understand folk psychology as having the purpose of explaining behaviour and promoting social cohesion by making others’ behaviour comprehensible, without thinking that this ability must be limited to those with linguistic abilities. One reason for thinking that language must (...)
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  49.  6
    Nightingale's Geography.Gavin J. Andrews - 2003 - Nursing Inquiry 10 (4):270-274.
  50.  23
    Post‐Abortion Syndrome: Creating an Affliction.E. M. Dadlez & William L. Andrews - 2010 - Bioethics 24 (9):445 - 452.
    The contention that abortion harms women constitutes a new strategy employed by the pro-life movement to supplement arguments about fetal rights. David C. Reardon is a prominent promoter of this strategy. Post-abortion syndrome purports to establish that abortion psychologically harms women and, indeed, can harm persons associated with women who have abortions. Thus, harms that abortion is alleged to produce are multiplied. Claims of repression are employed to complicate efforts to disprove the existence of psychological harm and causal antecedents of (...)
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