Results for 'Chance W. Lewis'

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  1.  41
    Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure: Can They Survive in the Market Place of Ideas? [REVIEW]Chance W. Lewis & BethRené Roepnack - 2007 - Journal of Academic Ethics 5 (2-4):221-232.
    Recently academic freedom and academic tenure have been in the media spotlight because of concerns that academic freedom is being misused and that academic tenure provides job security to a select few. First, this paper provides a brief history of these two institutions and follow with an analysis using Stone’s (2002) policy analysis format. Second, this paper examines the university through two lenses: (a) an economic market lens; and (b) a community lens. These two lenses offer contrasting views of the (...)
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  2.  38
    Collected Papers of Clarence Irving Lewis.D. W. Hamlyn, Clarence Irving Lewis, John D. Goheen & John L. Mothershead - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (86):68.
  3. David Lewis’s Humean Theory of Objective Chance.Barry Loewer - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):1115--25.
    The most important theories in fundamental physics, quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics, posit objective probabilities or chances. As important as chance is there is little agreement about what it is. The usual “interpretations of probability” give very different accounts of chance and there is disagreement concerning which, if any, is capable of accounting for its role in physics. David Lewis has contributed enormously to improving this situation. In his classic paper “A Subjectivist's Guide to Objective Chance (...)
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  4. The Confluence of the Aesthetic and the Religious in a Literary Text.Iii T. W. Lewis - 1985 - In Michael H. Mitias (ed.), Creativity in Art, Religion, and Culture. Distributed in the U.S.A. By Humanities Press.
     
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  5.  1
    Intelligent Tutoring Systems: Lessons Learned.W. Lewis Johnson - 1991 - Artificial Intelligence 48 (1):125-134.
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  6. Understanding and Debugging Novice Programs.W. Lewis Johnson - 1990 - Artificial Intelligence 42 (1):51-97.
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  7.  12
    L'Individualite selon Descartes.R. N. W. Smith & Genevieve Lewis - 1953 - Philosophical Quarterly 3 (10):83.
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  8.  15
    Recognition of Facial Expression and Identity in Part Reflects a Common Ability, Independent of General Intelligence and Visual Short-Term Memory.Hannah L. Connolly, Andrew W. Young & Gary J. Lewis - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (6):1119-1128.
    ABSTRACTRecognising identity and emotion conveyed by the face is important for successful social interactions and has thus been the focus of considerable research. Debate has surrounded the extent...
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  9.  84
    Humean Chance: Five Questions for David Lewis[REVIEW]S. Sturgeon - 1998 - Erkenntnis 49 (3):321-335.
    David Lewis's approach to objective chance is doubly distinctive. On the one hand, Lewis uses an epistemic principle to disclose the nature of chance. One the other, Lewis conjoins realism about chance with a reductive Humean metaphysics. I aim to undermine both aspects of his view. Specifically, I argue that reductive Humeanism fails across the board, and I use my discussion of chance to explain why. I also argue Lewis's "best-systems" approach to (...)
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  10. Lewis, Thau, and Hall on Chance and the Best-System Account of Law.John F. Halpin - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):349-360.
    August 16, 1997 David Lewis2 has long defended an account of scientific law acceptable even to an empiricist with significant metaphysical scruples. On this account, the laws are defined to be the consequences of the best system for axiomitizing all occurrent fact. Here "best system" means the set of sentences which yields the best combination of strength of descriptive content 3 with simplicity of exposition. And occurrent facts, the facts to be systematized, are roughly the particular facts about a localized (...)
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  11. On Lewis's Objective Chance: "Humean Supervenience Debugged".Carl Hoefer - 1997 - Mind 106 (422):321-334.
  12.  30
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, written by four internationally renowned bioethicists and first published in 2000, was the first systematic treatment of the fundamental ethical issues underlying the application of genetic technologies to human beings. Probing the implications of the remarkable advances in genetics, the authors ask how should these affect our understanding of distributive justice, equality of opportunity, the rights and obligations as parents, the meaning of disability, and the role of the concept of human nature in ethical theory and practice. The (...)
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  13. Subjects' Reports of Confusion in Consciousness and the Arousal of Imagery.P. W. Sheehan & S. E. Lewis - 1974 - Perceptual and Motor Skills 38:731-34.
  14.  5
    Effect of Intertrial Interval on Acquisition and Extinction of a Running Response.John W. Cotton & Donald J. Lewis - 1957 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (1):15.
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  15.  18
    The Effects of Pornography on Unethical Behavior in Business.Nathan W. Mecham, Melissa F. Lewis-Western & David A. Wood - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 168 (1):37-54.
    Pornography is no longer an activity confined to a small group of individuals or the privacy of one’s home. Rather, it has permeated modern culture, including the work environment. Given the pervasive nature of pornography, we study how viewing pornography affects unethical behavior at work. Using survey data from a sample that approximates a nationally representative sample in terms of demographics, we find a positive correlation between viewing pornography and intended unethical behavior. We then conduct an experiment to provide causal (...)
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  16.  4
    Learned Helplessness and Response Difficulty.Peter W. Moran & Marion Lewis-Smith - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (4):250-252.
  17. From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2000 - Philosophy 76 (297):472-475.
    This book, written by four internationally renowned bioethicists and first published in 2000, was the first systematic treatment of the fundamental ethical issues underlying the application of genetic technologies to human beings. Probing the implications of the remarkable advances in genetics, the authors ask how should these affect our understanding of distributive justice, equality of opportunity, the rights and obligations as parents, the meaning of disability, and the role of the concept of human nature in ethical theory and practice. The (...)
     
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  18.  4
    The Role of Adaptive Processes in Intellectual Functioning Among Older Adults.Gary W. Evans & Megan A. Lewis - 1990 - In Judith Rodin, Carmi Schooler & K. Warner Schaie (eds.), Self-Directedness: Cause and Effects Throughout the Life Course. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 183--197.
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  19. Book Review: Democracy and the Mass Media: Reviewed by Lewis W. Wolfson. [REVIEW]Lewis W. Wolfson - 1991 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 6 (3):187 – 191.
     
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  20. A Subjectivist’s Guide to Objective Chance.David K. Lewis - 1980 - In Richard C. Jeffrey (ed.), Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 263-293.
  21.  29
    Chance, Love, and Logic.C. I. Lewis - 1924 - Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):71-74.
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  22.  17
    Chance, Cause, Reason: An Inquiry Into the Nature of Scientific Evidence.Arthur W. Burks - 1977 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    Concepts and problems; The calculus of inductive probability; Alternative inductive logics and the justification of induction; Probability and action; The pragmatic theory of inductive probability; The logic of causal statements as a formal language; The logic of causal statements as a model of natural language; The dispositional theory of empirical probability; Cause and chance in space - time systems; The presupposition of theory induction; Chance, cause, and reason.
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  23. Free Will, Chance, and Mystery.Laura W. Ekstrom - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 113 (2):153-80.
    This paper proposes a reconciliation between libertarian freedomand causal indeterminism, without relying on agent-causation asa primitive notion. I closely examine Peter van Inwagen''s recentcase for free will mysterianism, which is based in part on thewidespread worry that undetermined acts are too chancy to befree. I distinguish three senses of the term chance I thenargue that van Inwagen''s case for free will mystrianism fails,since there is no single construal of the term change on whichall of the premises of his argument (...)
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  24.  16
    Die Methode der Physik.Lewis W. Beck - 1940 - Philosophical Review 49 (4):473-474.
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  25. W. B. Lewis, A Text-Book of Mental Diseases and C. Mercier, Sanity and Insanity. [REVIEW]W. L. Mackenzie - 1890 - Mind 15:551.
     
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  26. Humean Supervenience Debugged.David Lewis - 1994 - Mind 103 (412):473--490.
    Tn this paper I explore and to an extent defend HS. The main philosophical challenges to HS come from philosophical views that say that nomic concepts-laws, chance, and causation-denote features of the world that fail to supervene on non-nomic features. Lewis rejects these views and has labored mightily to construct HS accounts of nomic concepts. His account of laws is fundamental to his program, since his accounts of the other nomic notions rely on it. Recently, a number of (...)
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  27.  13
    From Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice.Edward Stein, Allen Buchanan, Dan W. Brock, Norman Daniels & Daniel Wikler - 2002 - Philosophical Review 111 (1):130.
    In the months preceding the writing of this review, bioethics has been in the news a great deal. In congressional and public policy debates surrounding stem cell research, human cloning, and the Human Genome Project, bioethics and bioethicists have gained national attention and been subject to public scrutiny. Commentators have asked who these self-appointed moral experts are to tell us what is right and wrong.
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  28.  15
    Kant and the Right of Revolution.Lewis W. Beck - 1971 - Journal of the History of Ideas 32 (3):411.
  29. The Social Contract.J. J. Rousseau, Russell M. Garnier, F. A. Laycock, W. Chance, Arthur H. Boyden & E. C. K. Gonner - 1896 - International Journal of Ethics 6 (2):258-260.
     
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  30.  36
    Chance and Longevity. David W. E. Smith Replies.David W. E. Smith - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (5):466-467.
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  31. Book Reviews Of –œThe Mapmakers: A History Of Stanfordsâ–, –œIndexers And Indexes In Fact & Fictionâ–, –œPublishing: A Leap From Mind To Mindâ–, –œA Fighting Withdrawal: The Life Of Dan Davinâ–, –œBritish Book Publishing As A Business Since The 1960s; Selected Essays.–. [REVIEW]Ian Norrie, Nancy C. Mulvany, Peter W. Adams, Jeremy Lewis & Iain Stevenson - 2004 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 15 (2):101-110.
     
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  32.  8
    Consistent Evidence of a Link Between Alexithymia and General Intelligence.Hannah L. Connolly, Andrew W. Young & Gary J. Lewis - 2020 - Tandf: Cognition and Emotion 34 (8):1621-1631.
    Volume 34, Issue 8, December 2020, Page 1621-1631.
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  33.  1
    Face Perception Across the Adult Lifespan: Evidence for Age-Related Changes Independent of General Intelligence.Hannah L. Connolly, Andrew W. Young & Gary J. Lewis - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-12.
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  34.  10
    Book Reviews: The Flight From Science and Reason, Edited by Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, and Martin W. Lewis. NY: The New York Academy of Sciences, 1996. 593 Pp. Paperback. [REVIEW]James M. Humber, Paul J. Millea & Robert M. Nelson - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):65-71.
  35.  16
    A-V Instruction: Materials and Methods.J. V. Muir, James W. Brown, Richard B. Lewis & Fred F. Harcleroad - 1965 - British Journal of Educational Studies 14 (1):141.
  36.  26
    Embracing PolarizationThe Flight From Science and Reason. Paul R. Gross, Norman Levitt, Martin W. Lewis.Frederick Gregory - 1997 - Isis 88 (2):312-315.
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  37.  11
    Royal Succession in Capetian France: Studies on Familial Order and the State. Andrew W. Lewis.Thomas Bisson - 1983 - Speculum 58 (3):776-778.
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  38. The Punishment That Leaves Something to Chance.David K. Lewis - 1987 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (1):53-67.
  39. The Pragmatic and Ethical Barriers to Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: The Nike Case.Kristen Bell DeTienne & Lee W. Lewis - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (4):359-376.
    Numerous studies have documented the demand for information regarding corporations’ relationships to society. Much recent research has demonstrated why stakeholders need this information, and how it benefits both companies and the public. These studies suggest numerous methods by which companies can effectively disclose corporate social responsibility (CSR) information to the public, but in practice, reporting this type of information is fraught with legal and ethical uncertainty often unexplored in most literature. This article represents a fresh analysis of the numerous pragmatic (...)
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  40.  12
    Studien Zur Philosophie Immanuel Kants.Lewis W. Beck & Heinz Heimsoeth - 1957 - Philosophical Review 66 (3):405.
  41.  27
    Justifying Lewis’s Kinematics of Chance.Patryk Dziurosz-Serafinowicz - 2021 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 72 (2):439-463.
    In his ‘A Subjectivist’s Guide to Objective Chance’, Lewis argued that a particular kinematical model for chances follows from his principal principle. According to this model, any later chance function is equal to an earlier chance function conditional on the complete intervening history of non-modal facts. This article first investigates the conditions that any kinematical model for chance needs to satisfy to count as Lewis’s kinematics of chance. Second, it presents Lewis’s justification (...)
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  42.  1
    The Significance of Leibniz for Historiography.Lewis W. Spitz - 1952 - Journal of the History of Ideas 13 (1/4):333.
  43.  10
    Caring and Competency.Lewis W. Mustard - 2002 - Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 4 (2):36-43.
  44.  16
    Teaching the English Wissenschaft. The Letters of Sir George Cornewall Lewis to Karl Otfried MüllerTeaching the English Wissenschaft. The Letters of Sir George Cornewall Lewis to Karl Otfried Muller. [REVIEW]Paul Cartledge, W. M. Calder Iii, R. S. Smith, J. Vaio & George Cornewall Lewis - 2003 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 123:262-262.
  45. Lewis Carroll's Barber Shop Paradox.Arthur W. Burks - 1950 - Mind 59 (234):219-222.
  46. Causation, Chance, and the Rational Significance of Supernatural Evidence.Huw Price - 2012 - Philosophical Review 121 (4):483-538.
    In “A Subjectivist’s Guide to Objective Chance,” David Lewis says that he is “led to wonder whether anyone but a subjectivist is in a position to understand objective chance.” The present essay aims to motivate this same Lewisean attitude, and a similar degree of modest subjectivism, with respect to objective causation. The essay begins with Newcomb problems, which turn on an apparent tension between two principles of choice: roughly, a principle sensitive to the causal features of the (...)
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  47.  10
    Functional Architecture of Visual Emotion Recognition Ability: A Latent Variable Approach.Gary J. Lewis, Carmen E. Lefevre & Andrew W. Young - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (5):589-602.
  48.  6
    Natural Law and the Theory of History in Herder.Lewis W. Spitz - 1955 - Journal of the History of Ideas 16 (1/4):453.
  49. Accuracy, Chance, and the Principal Principle.Richard Pettigrew - 2012 - Philosophical Review 121 (2):241-275.
    In ‘A Non-Pragmatic Vindication of Probabilism’, Jim Joyce attempts to ‘depragmatize’ de Finetti’s prevision argument for the claim that our partial beliefs ought to satisfy the axioms of probability calculus. In this paper, I adapt Joyce’s argument to give a non-pragmatic vindication of various versions of David Lewis’ Principal Principle, such as the version based on Isaac Levi's account of admissibility, Michael Thau and Ned Hall's New Principle, and Jenann Ismael's Generalized Principal Principle. Joyce enumerates properties that must be (...)
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  50.  2
    The Flight From Science and Reason.Paul R. Gross, N. Levitt & Martin W. Lewis (eds.) - 1996 - The New York Academy of Sciences.
    "Evidence of a flight from reason is as old as human record-keeping: the fact of it certainly goes back an even longer way. Flight from science specifically, among the forms of rational inquiry, goes back as far as science itself... But rejection of reason is now a pattern to be found in most branches of scholarship and in all the learned professions."--from the introduction In the widely acclaimed Higher Superstition: The Academic Left and Its Quarrels with Science, Paul R. Gross (...)
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