Results for 'Charles A. Anderson'

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  1.  31
    Philo of Alexandria's views of the physical world.Charles A. Anderson - 2011 - Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.
    The problem of Philo's ambivalence about the physical world -- The context for Philo's ambivalence toward the physical world -- Philo's negative terminology for the physical world : [ousia, hylē, genesis, genētos] -- Philo's positive terminology for the physical world : [kosmos] -- Philo's positive terminology for the physical world : [physis] part 1 -- Philo's positive terminology for the physical world : [physis] part 2 -- Higher and lower approaches to God -- The ambiguity of the physical world : (...)
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  2. The case of Carla: Dilemmas of helping all students to understand science.Lori A. Kurth, Charles W. Anderson & Annemarie S. Palincsar - 2002 - Science Education 86 (3):287-313.
     
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  3.  10
    Shuttle interference effects in the rat depend upon activity during prior shock: A replication.Charles R. Crowell & D. Chris Anderson - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (6):413-416.
  4. The Presbyterian Enterprise, Sources of American Presbyterian History.Maurice W. Amstrong, Lefferts A. Loetscher & Charles A. Anderson - 1956
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  5.  9
    Lettres sur les animaux.Charles Georges Leroy, Charles-Georges Le Roy & Elizabeth Anderson - 1994
    La derni re dition des Lettres sur les animaux, ouvrage de l'encyclop diste mineur Charles-George Le Roy, date de 1896. Cette nouvelle dition propose une pr sentation tr s respecteuse de la pens e originale de l'auteur, elle pr cise dans quelles circonstances les divers l ments du livre furent successivement publi s et retrace son volution depuis les articles HOMME (Morale) et INSTINCT de l'Encyclop die jusqu' l' dition compl te de 1802. L'introduction situe les Lettresdans l'uvre de (...)
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  6.  21
    The Ethics Wars Disputes over International Research.Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (3):18-20.
    The effort to revise the Declaration of Helsinki and the CIOMS Guidelines has sparked a sometimes vitriolic debate centering on the use of placebo controls.
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  7.  26
    A Critical Appraisal of Protections for Aboriginal Communities in Biomedical Research.Charles Weijer & James A. Anderson - unknown
    As scientists target communities for research into the etiology, especially the genetic determinants of common diseases, there have been calls for the protection of communities. This paper identifies the distinct characteristics of aboriginal communities and their implications for research in these communities. It also contends that the framework in the Belmont Report is inadequate in this context and suggests a fourth principle of respect for communities. To explore how such a principle might be specified and operationalized, it reviews existing guidelines (...)
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  8.  55
    Another Test.A. Anderson, B. Burningham, C. Charles, D. Damien, E. Emerson, F. Frank, G. Graham, H. Hector, I. Inca & Niq Kiq - 2010 - Studies in Ethics, Law, and Technology 4 (1).
    The paper discusses Dr. Floris Tomasini's paper “What Is Bioethics: Notes toward a New Approach?”. Based on Tomasini's account of methodological and ethical pluralism, the paper explores the demarcation problem of bioethics and suggests a full methodological laissez-faire.
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  9. Directed visual attention and the dynamic control of information flow.Charles H. Anderson, David C. Van Essen & Bruno A. Olshausen - 2005 - In Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees & John K. Tsotsos (eds.), Neurobiology of Attention. Academic Press.
     
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  10.  94
    The research subject as wage earner.James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer - 2002 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (4-5):359-376.
    The practice of paying research subjects for participating inclinical trials has yet to receive an adequate moral analysis.Dickert and Grady argue for a wage payment model in whichresearch subjects are paid an hourly wage based on that ofunskilled laborers. If we accept this approach, what follows?Norms for just working conditions emerge from workplacelegislation and political theory. All workers, includingpaid research subjects under Dickert and Grady''s analysis,have a right to at least minimum wage, a standard work week,extra pay for overtime hours, (...)
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  11.  16
    Dynamic routing strategies in sensory, motor, and cognitive processing.David C. Van Essen, Charles H. Anderson & Bruno A. Olshausen - 1994 - In Christof Koch & J. Davis (eds.), Large-Scale Neuronal Theories of the Brain. MIT Press.
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  12.  7
    Matters of Life and Death: Making Moral Theory Work in Medical Ethics and the Law.James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer - unknown
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  13.  18
    The Research Subject as Entrepreneur.James A. Anderson & Charles Weijer - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (2):67-69.
  14.  19
    Exposed and Expelled: The "Maja" Controversy Revisited.Albert A. Anderson & Charles R. Garoian - 1994 - The Journal of Aesthetic Education 28 (4):33.
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  15.  31
    Temporal form of shock is a determinant of magnitude of interference with escape-avoidance learning produced by exposure to inescapable shock.Charles R. Crowell, J. Victor Lupo, Christopher L. Cunningham & D. Chris Anderson - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (6):407-410.
  16.  50
    Virtual morality: transitioning from moral judgment to moral action?Kathryn B. Francis, Charles Howard, Ian S. Howard, Michaela Gummerum, Giorgio Ganis, Grace Anderson & Sylvia Terbeck - unknown
    The nature of moral action versus moral judgment has been extensively debated in numerous disciplines. We introduce Virtual Reality (VR) moral paradigms examining the action individuals take in a high emotionally arousing, direct action-focused, moral scenario. In two studies involving qualitatively different populations, we found a greater endorsement of utilitarian responses–killing one in order to save many others–when action was required in moral virtual dilemmas compared to their judgment counterparts. Heart rate in virtual moral dilemmas was significantly increased when compared (...)
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  17.  62
    Celebrity Status.Charles Kurzman, Chelise Anderson, Clinton Key, Youn Ok Lee, Mairead Moloney, Alexis Silver & Maria W. Van Ryn - 2007 - Sociological Theory 25 (4):347-367.
    Max Weber's fragmentary writings on social status suggest that differentiation on this basis should disappear as capitalism develops. However, many of Weber's examples of status refer to the United States, which Weber held to be the epitome of capitalist development. Weber hints at a second form of status, one generated by capitalism, which might reconcile this contradiction, and later theorists emphasize the continuing importance of status hierarchies. This article argues that such theories have missed one of the most important forms (...)
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  18.  5
    Pragmatic Liberalism.Charles W. Anderson - 1994 - University of Chicago Press.
    Drawing on the legacy of prominent pragmatic philosophers and political economists—C. S. Peirce, William James, John Dewey, Thorstein Veblen, and John R. Commons—Charles W. Anderson creatively brings pragmatism and liberalism together, striving to temper the excesses of both and to fashion a broader vision of the proper domain of political reason.
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  19.  4
    Prescribing the Life of the Mind: An Essay on the Purpose of the University, the Aims of Liberal Education, the Competence of Citizens, and the Cultivation of Practical Reason.Charles W. Anderson - 1993 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    A distinguished political philosopher with years of experience teaching in undergraduate liberal arts programs, Anderson shows how the ideal of practical reason can reconcile academia’s research aims with public expectations for universities: the preparation of citizens, the training of professionals, the communication of a cultural inheritance. It is not good enough, he contends, to simply say that the university should stick to the great books of the classic tradition, or to denounce this tradition and declare that all important questions (...)
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  20.  7
    Prescribing the Life of the Mind: An Essay on the Purpose of the University, the Aims of Liberal Education, the Competence of Citizens, and the Cultivation of Practical Reason.Charles W. Anderson - 1993 - University of Wisconsin Press.
    A distinguished political philosopher with years of experience teaching in undergraduate liberal arts programs, Anderson shows how the ideal of practical reason can reconcile academia’s research aims with public expectations for universities: the preparation of citizens, the training of professionals, the communication of a cultural inheritance. It is not good enough, he contends, to simply say that the university should stick to the great books of the classic tradition, or to denounce this tradition and declare that all important questions (...)
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  21.  26
    Modeling costs and benefits of adolescent weight control as a mechanism for reproductive suppression.Judith L. Anderson & Charles B. Crawford - 1992 - Human Nature 3 (4):299-334.
    The “reproductive suppression hypothesis” states that the strong desire of adolescent girls in our culture to control their weight may reflect the operation of an adaptive mechanism by which ancestral women controlled the timing of their sexual maturation and hence first reproduction, in response to cues about the probable success of reproduction in the current situation. We develop a model based on this hypothesis and explore its behavior and evolutionary and psychological implications across a range of parameter values. We use (...)
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  22.  6
    Engaging with Historical Source Work: Practices, pedagogy, dialogue.Charles Anderson, Kate Day, Ranald Michie & David Rollason - 2006 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 5 (3):243-263.
    Although primary source work is a major component of undergraduate history degrees in many countries, the topic of how best to support this work has been relatively unexplored. This article addresses the pedagogical support of primary source work by reviewing relevant literature to identify the challenges undergraduates face in interpreting sources, and examining how in two courses carefully articulated course design and supportive teaching activities assisted students to meet these challenges. This fine-grained examination of the courses is framed within a (...)
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  23.  8
    Landscape in Ovid's Metamorphoses. A Study in the Transformations of a Literary Symbol.William S. Anderson & Charles Paul Segal - 1971 - American Journal of Philology 92 (4):685.
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  24.  32
    Trivers-willard rules for sex allocation.Judith L. Anderson & Charles B. Crawford - 1993 - Human Nature 4 (2):137-174.
    We present a quantitative model of sex allocation to investigate whether the simple “rules of thumb” suggested by Trivers and Willard (1973) would really maximize numbers of grandchildren in human populations. Using demographic data from the !Kung of southern Africa and the basic assumptions of the Trivers-Willard hypothesis, we calculate expected numbers of grandchildren based on age- and sex-specific reproductive value. Patterns of parental investment that would maximize numbers of expected grandchildren often differ from the Trivers-Willard rules. In particular, the (...)
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  25.  31
    Book Review:Welfare and Planning: An Analysis of Capitalism Versus Socialism. Heinz Kohler; The Discretionary Economy: A Normative Theory of Political Economy. Marc R. Tool; The Conservative Economic World View. Benjamin Ward; The Liberal Economic World View. Benjamin Ward; The Radical Economic World View. Benjamin Ward. [REVIEW]Charles W. Anderson - 1981 - Ethics 91 (4):675-.
  26.  10
    Psychological frameworks augment even classical decision theories.Matthew Charles Ford & John Anderson Kay - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e92.
    Johnson, Bilovich, and Tuckett set out a helpful framework for thinking about how humans make decisions under radical uncertainty and contrast this with classical decision theory. We show that classical theories assume so little about psychology that they are not necessarily in conflict with this approach, broadening its appeal.
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  27.  45
    The Social Philosophy of Ernest Gellner.John A. Hall & Ian Charles Jarvie (eds.) - 1996 - Brill | Rodopi.
    Contents: John A. HALL and Ian JARVIE: Preface. John A. HALL and Ian JARVIE: The Life and Times of Ernest Gellner. PART 1 INTELLECTUAL BACKGROUND. Ji_i MUSIL: The Prague Roots of Ernest Gellner's Thinking. Chris HANN: Gellner on Malinowski: Words and Things in Central Europe. Tamara DRAGADZE: Ernest Gellner in the Soviet East. PART 2 NATIONS AND NATIONALISM. Brendan O'LEARY: On the Nature of Nationalism: An Appraisal of Ernest Gellner's Writings on Nationalism. Kenneth MINOGUE: Ernest Gellner and the Dangers of (...)
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  28.  20
    Variations on a theme by Lashley: Lesion experiments on the neural model of Anderson, Silverstein, Ritz, and Jones.Charles C. Wood - 1978 - Psychological Review 85 (6):582-591.
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  29. Review essay : The persistence of authenticity: Alessandro Ferrara, modernity and authenticity: A study of the social and ethical thought of Jean-Jacques Rousseau (albany, ny: Suny press, 1993) Charles Taylor, the ethics of authenticity (cambridge, ma: Harvard university press, 1992) [originally published as the malaise of modernity (concord, ontario: House of anansi press, 1991)]. [REVIEW]Joel Anderson - 1995 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 21 (1):101-109.
  30. Getting the Wrong Anderson? A Short and Opinionated History of New Zealand Philosophy.Charles Pigden - 2011 - In Graham Robert Oppy & Nick Trakakis (eds.), The Antipodean philosopher. Lanham, Md.: Lexington Books. pp. 169-195.
    Is the history of philosophy primarily a contribution to PHILOSOPHY or primarily a contribution to HISTORY? This paper is primarily contribution to history (specifically the history of New Zealand) but although the history of philosophy has been big in New Zealand, most NZ philosophers with a historical bent are primarily interested in the history of philosophy as a contribution to philosophy. My essay focuses on two questions: 1) How did New Zealand philosophy get to be so good? And why, given (...)
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  31.  11
    Strands of System: The Philosophy of Charles Peirce.Christopher Hookway & Douglas R. Anderson - 1997 - Philosophical Review 106 (2):286.
    Each volume in the Purdue University Press Series in the History of Philosophy examines the fundamental ideas of a single philosopher, presenting one basic text by the thinker in question, and supplementing this by “a very thorough and up-to-date commentary.” The format is most successful when a reasonably short classic work containing the subject’s most important claims can be found. We might expect it to work much less well with a thinker like Peirce, serious study of whose work cannot avoid (...)
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  32.  5
    Philosophy in experience: American philosophy in transition.Richard E. Hart & Douglas R. Anderson (eds.) - 1997 - New York: Fordham University Press.
    This collection of essays aims to mark a place for American philosophy as it moves into the twenty-first century. Taking their cue from the work of Peirce, James, Santayana, Dewey, Mead, Buchler, and others, the contributors assess and employ philosophy as an activity taking place within experience and culture. Within the broad background of the American tradition, the essays reveal a variety of approaches to the transition in which American philosophy is currently engaged. Some of the pieces argue from an (...)
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  33.  17
    Scholars as allies in the struggle for food systems transformation.Charles Z. Levkoe - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 38 (3):611-614.
    Molly Anderson’s 2020 Presidential Address for the Agriculture and Human Values Society, is a bold call to action that considers the scope and depth of the challenges facing global food systems. This call has particular relevance to scholars who are closely aligned with struggles for food justice and food sovereignty. In this discussion piece, I suggest additional nuance that builds and expands on Anderson’s three opportunities for “pushing beyond the boundaries”. First, collaborations for social and ecological change must (...)
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  34.  32
    Reading the Signs: From Dyadic to Triadic Views for Identifying Experts.Charles Lassiter - 2024 - Social Epistemology 38 (1):98-109.
    A naturalistic approach to expert-identification begins by asking, ‘how do novices pick out putative experts?’ Alvin Goldman and Elizabeth Anderson, representing a fairly common approach, consider agents’ psychological biases as well as social situatedness. As good as this is, culture’s role in shaping cognitive mechanisms is neglected. An explanatory framework that works well to accommodate culturally-sensitive mechanisms is Peircean semiotics. His triadic approach holds that signs signify objects to interpreters. Applying the triadic model to expert-identification: novices interpret signs of (...)
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  35.  59
    Transcendence and Feminism: Response to Anderson’s “Feminist Challenges to Conceptions of God”.Charles Taliaferro - 2007 - Philosophia 35 (3-4):371-373.
    An argument that Pamela Sue Anderson’s critique of Irigaray commits her to a version of the Ideal Observer Theory, a theory Anderson rejects. This paper was delivered in the APA Pacific 2007 Mini-Conference on Models of God.
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  36.  13
    For the Love of Wisdom.Charles Johnson - 2021 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 5 (1):140-145.
    Preview: “America does not think much of its philosophers,” Douglas Anderson writes in his introduction to Philosophy Americana. “We do not teach philosophy in our high schools. A majority in America have no idea what philosophy is about or why it might be interesting, if not important.” Perhaps that lack of appreciation for philosophy is coeval with its beginnings when the ancient Athenians put Socrates to death. Anderson’s lament is clearly present from the supposed birth of Western philosophy, (...)
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  37.  6
    $K1$ as a Dawson modeling of A. R. Anderson's sense of "ought".Charles F. Kielkopf - 1974 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 15 (3):402-410.
  38.  34
    Consensus on Peirce’s Concept of Habit: Before and Beyond Consciousness.Myrdene Anderson & Donna West (eds.) - 2016 - Springer Verlag.
    This book constitutes the first treatment of C. S. Peirce’s unique concept of habit. Habit animated the pragmatists of the 19th and early 20th centuries, who picked up the baton from classical scholars, principally Aristotle. Most prominent among the pragmatists thereafter is Charles Sanders Peirce. In our vernacular, habit connotes a pattern of conduct. Nonetheless, Peirce’s concept transcends application to mere regularity or to human conduct; it extends into natural and social phenomena, making cohesive inner and outer worlds. Chapters (...)
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  39.  27
    Kuhn Losses Regained: Van Vleck from Spectra to Susceptibilities.Charles Midwinter & Michel Janssen - unknown
    We discuss the early career of John H. Van Vleck, one of the earliest American quantum theorists who shared the 1977 Nobel prize with his student Philip W. Anderson and Sir Nevill Mott. In particular, we follow Van Vleck's trajectory from his 1926 Bulletin for the National Research Council on the old quantum theory to his 1932 book, The Theory of Electric and Magnetic Susceptibilities. We highlight the continuity of formalism and technique in the transition from dealing with spectra (...)
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  40.  9
    Charles Peirce and the origins of North American pragmatism.Douglas Anderson - 2020 - Cognitio 20 (2):230-243.
    Os primeiros pragmatistas americanos são, muitas vezes, abordados separadamente com foco em suas diferenças. Este ensaio introdutório destina-se simplesmente a lembrar o quanto eles tinham em estima os trabalhos uns dos outros e compartilhavam entre si uma variedade de perspectivas em suas respectivas visões de mundo. Sobretudo, eles acreditavam que estamos sempre em busca de novos conhecimentos por meio da experiência, do pensamento e do experimento. Eles consideravam suas próprias visões de mundo serem hipóteses sobre as realidades do mundo que (...)
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  41. The Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition: 1890–1892.Douglas Anderson - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (2):61-64.
  42.  8
    Reason and faith in the theology of Charles Hodge: American common sense realism.Owen J. Anderson - 2014 - New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Charles Hodge engaged the leading thinkers of his day to defend the human ability to know God. This involved him in affirming the importance of both orthodoxy and piety in the life of a Christian. His work involved expanding on the insights of the Westminster Confession of Faith as it applied to the theory of salvation and the role of Christ.
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  43. The unconscious.Charles Manning Child (ed.) - 1928 - Freeport, N.Y.,: Books for Libraries Press.
    The beginnings of unity and order in living things, by C. M. Child.--On the structure of the unconscious, by K. Koffka.--The genesis of social reactions in the young child, by J. E. Anderson.--The unconscious of the behaviorist, by J. B. Watson.--The unconscious patterning of behavior in society by E. Sapir.--The configurations of personality, by W. I. Thomas.--The prenatal and early postnatal phenomena of consciousness, by M. E. Kenworthy.--Values in social psychology, by F. L. Wells.--Higher levels of mental integration, by (...)
     
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  44.  38
    The Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition: 1890–1892.Douglas Anderson - 2011 - The Pluralist 6 (2):61-64.
    The central philosophical texts of this volume, the “metaphysical” or “cosmological” essays of the early 1890s published in The Monist, have long been a source of enjoyable controversy for Peirce scholars. From the reasonably straightforward arguments of “The Doctrine of Necessity Examined” to the wild and fascinating speculative suggestions in “Evolutionary Love,” Peirce marks out the transitional ideas of his mid-career. Whether one sees, as I do, a continuity among these essays and their predecessors and followers, or whether one reads (...)
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  45.  41
    Peirce on Metaphor.Douglas Anderson - 1984 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 20 (4):453 - 468.
    This article examines peirce's technical use of metaphor. in doing so it looks at certain aspects of his semiotics and, in particular, his division of signs into icons, indexes, and symbols. the upshoot is that, for peirce, metaphor plays a central role in artistic thought while analogy is central to scientific thought.
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  46.  19
    Postcolonial Ecologies of Parasite and Host: Making Parasitism Cosmopolitan.Warwick Anderson - 2016 - Journal of the History of Biology 49 (2):241-259.
    The interest of F. Macfarlane Burnet in host–parasite interactions grew through the 1920s and 1930s, culminating in his book, Biological Aspects of Infectious Disease, often regarded as the founding text of disease ecology. Our knowledge of the influences on Burnet’s ecological thinking is still incomplete. Burnet later attributed much of his conceptual development to his reading of British theoretical biology, especially the work of Julian Huxley and Charles Elton, and regretted he did not study Theobald Smith’s Parasitism and Disease (...)
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  47.  36
    Who's a Pragmatist: Royce and Peirce at the Turn of the Century.Douglas R. Anderson - 2005 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 41 (3):467 - 481.
  48.  8
    Invasion on So Grand a Scale: Darwin, Lyell, and Invasive Species.Eric Burns Anderson - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-23.
    The importance of _naturalization_—the establishment of species introduced into foreign places—to the early development of Darwin’s theory of evolution deserves historical attention. Introduced and invasive European species presented Darwin with interpretive challenges during his service as naturalist on the HMS _Beagle_. Species naturalization and invasive species strained the geologist Charles Lyell’s creationist view of the organic world, a view which Darwin adopted during the voyage of the _Beagle_ but came to question afterward. I suggest that these phenomena primed Darwin (...)
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  49.  89
    Old pragmatisms, new histories.Douglas Anderson - 2009 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 47 (4):pp. 489-521.
    The task at hand is to review work on the history of early American pragmatism from the last ten years. However, writing on the history of pragmatism presents us with a different problem than, say, dealing with historical accounts of Mill’s Logic. The meaning of ‘pragmatism’ is routinely contested and, likewise, who is to count as a pragmatist is contested. The issue, of course, arose soon after William James named “pragmatism” in his 1898 talk at Berkeley titled “Philosophical Conceptions and (...)
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  50.  40
    Peirce and the Art of Reasoning.Doug Anderson - 2005 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 24 (3):277-289.
    Drawing on Charles Peirce’s descriptions of his correspondence course on the “Art of Reasoning,” I argue that Peirce believed that the study of logic stands at the center of a liberal arts education. However, Peirce’s notion of logic included much more than the traditional accounts of deduction and syllogistic reasoning. He believed that the art of reasoning required a study of both abductive and inductive inference as well the practice of observation and imagination. Employing these other features of logic, (...)
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