Results for 'Charles Kiefer'

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  1.  18
    Ethics and Social Justice.Howard Evans Kiefer & Milton Karl Munitz (eds.) - 1970 - Albany, State University of New York Press.
    PHILOSOPHY OF PRACTICE Charles Frankel I It will be no news to anyone that one of the vexatious problems of the moment is the relationship, ...
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  2. Color, Context, and Compositionality.Christopher Kennedy & Louise Mcnally - 2010 - Synthese 174 (1):79-98.
    Color adjectives have played a central role in work on language typology and variation, but there has been relatively little investigation of their meanings by researchers in formal semantics. This is surprising given the fact that color terms have been at the center of debates in the philosophy of language over foundational questions, in particular whether the idea of a compositional, truth-conditional theory of natural language semantics is even coherent. The challenge presented by color terms is articulated in detail in (...)
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  3. Collected Papers of Charles Sanders Peirce.Charles S. Peirce - 1931 - Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
    PRINCIPLES OF PHILOSOPHY" CHAPTER 1 LESSONS FROM THE HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY §1. NOMINALISM* 15. Very early in my studies of logic, before I had really been ...
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  4. Content and Misrepresentation in Hierarchical Generative Models.Alex Kiefer & Jakob Hohwy - 2018 - Synthese 195 (6):2387-2415.
    In this paper, we consider how certain longstanding philosophical questions about mental representation may be answered on the assumption that cognitive and perceptual systems implement hierarchical generative models, such as those discussed within the prediction error minimization framework. We build on existing treatments of representation via structural resemblance, such as those in Gładziejewski :559–582, 2016) and Gładziejewski and Miłkowski, to argue for a representationalist interpretation of the PEM framework. We further motivate the proposed approach to content by arguing that it (...)
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  5.  65
    Literal Perceptual Inference.Alex Kiefer - 2017 - In Thomas Metzinger & Wanja Wiese (eds.), Philosophy and predictive processing. Frankfurt, Germany:
    In this paper, I argue that theories of perception that appeal to Helmholtz’s idea of unconscious inference (“Helmholtzian” theories) should be taken literally, i.e. that the inferences appealed to in such theories are inferences in the full sense of the term, as employed elsewhere in philosophy and in ordinary discourse. -/- In the course of the argument, I consider constraints on inference based on the idea that inference is a deliberate acton, and on the idea that inferences depend on the (...)
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  6.  8
    Attentional Sensitization of Unconscious Cognition: Task Sets Modulate Subsequent Masked Semantic Priming.Markus Kiefer & Ulla Martens - 2010 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 139 (3):464-489.
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  7.  45
    Time Course of Conscious and Unconscious Semantic Brain Activation.Markus Kiefer & Manfred Spitzer - 2000 - Neuroreport 11 (11):2401-2407.
  8. Representation in the Prediction Error Minimization Framework.Alex Kiefer & Jakob Hohwy - 2019 - In Sarah K. Robins, John Symons & Paco Calvo (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Psychology: 2nd Edition. London, UK: pp. 384-409.
    This chapter focuses on what’s novel in the perspective that the prediction error minimization (PEM) framework affords on the cognitive-scientific project of explaining intelligence by appeal to internal representations. It shows how truth-conditional and resemblance-based approaches to representation in generative models may be integrated. The PEM framework in cognitive science is an approach to cognition and perception centered on a simple idea: organisms represent the world by constantly predicting their own internal states. PEM theories often stress the hierarchical structure of (...)
     
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  9.  50
    Charles Darwin's Natural Selection: Being the Second Part of His Big Species Book Written From 1856 to 1858.Charles Darwin - 1975 - Cambridge University Press.
    Charles Darwin's On the Origin of Species is unquestionably one of the chief landmarks in biology. The Origin (as it is widely known) was literally only an abstract of the manuscript Darwin had originally intended to complete and publish as the formal presentation of his views on evolution. Compared with the Origin, his original long manuscript work on Natural Selection, which is presented here and made available for the first time in printed form, has more abundant examples and illustrations (...)
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  10.  44
    The Intentional Model in Interpretation.Alex Kiefer - 2005 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 63 (3):271–281.
  11. Charles Darwin's Notebooks, 1836-1844: Geology, Transmutation of Species, Metaphysical Enquiries.Charles Darwin - 1987 - Cornell University Press.
  12.  8
    Boundary Conditions for the Influence of Unfamiliar Non-Target Primes in Unconscious Evaluative Priming: The Moderating Role of Attentional Task Sets.Markus Kiefer, Eun-Jim Sim & Dirk Wentura - 2015 - Consciousness and Cognition 35:342-356.
  13.  33
    Does Time Exist in Quantum Gravity?Claus Kiefer - 2015 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 59:7-24.
    Time is absolute in standard quantum theory and dynamical in general relativity. The combination of both theories into a theory of quantum gravity leads therefore to a “problem of time”. In my essay, I investigate those consequences for the concept of time that may be drawn without a detailed knowledge of quantum gravity. The only assumptions are the experimentally supported universality of the linear structure of quantum theory and the recovery of general relativity in the classical limit. Among the consequences (...)
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  14.  63
    A Holistic Account of the Own-Race Effect in Face Recognition: Evidence From a Cross-Cultural Study.James W. Tanaka, Markus Kiefer & Cindy M. Bukach - 2004 - Cognition 93 (1):B1-B9.
  15. Charles Darwin's Beagle Diary.Charles Darwin - 1933 - Cambridge University Press.
    On 27th December 1831, HMS Beagle set out from Plymouth under the command of Captain Robert Fitzroy on a voyage that lasted nearly 5 years. The purpose of the trip was to complete a survey of the southern coasts of South America, and afterwards to circumnavigate the globe. The ship's geologist and naturalist was Charles Darwin. Darwin kept a diary throughout the voyage in which he recorded his daily activities, not only on board the ship but also during the (...)
     
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  16. Charles Peirce's Pragmatic Pluralism.Charles Peirce & Sandra B. Rosenthal - 1994 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 31 (4):875-887.
     
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  17.  39
    Can Quantum Theory Be Applied to the Universe as a Whole?Claus Kiefer - 2010 - Foundations of Physics 40 (9-10):1410-1418.
    I argue that quantum theory can, and in fact must, be applied to the Universe as a whole. After a general introduction, I discuss two concepts that are essential for my chain of arguments: the universality of quantum theory and the emergence of classical behaviors by decoherence. A further motivation is given by the open problem of quantum gravity. I then present the main ingredients of quantum cosmology and discuss their relevance for the interpretation of quantum theory. I end with (...)
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  18.  15
    Charles Taylor Replies.Charles Taylor - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1036):721-724.
  19.  26
    Magnetic Field-Induced Martensitic Variant Reorientation in Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys.B. Kiefer & D. C. Lagoudas - 2005 - Philosophical Magazine 85 (33-35):4289-4329.
  20.  61
    Philosophy in an Age of Pluralism: The Philosophy of Charles Taylor in Question.Charles Taylor, James Tully & Daniel M. Weinstock (eds.) - 1994 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive evaluation of Charles Taylor's work and a major contribution to leading questions in philosophy and the human sciences as they face an increasingly pluralistic age. Charles Taylor is one of the most influential contemporary moral and political philosophers: in an era of specialisation he is one of the few thinkers who has developed a comprehensive philosophy which speaks to the conditions of the modern world in a way that is compelling to specialists in (...)
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  21.  31
    Unconscious Vision and Executive Control: How Unconscious Processing and Conscious Action Control Interact.Ulrich Ansorge, Wilfried Kunde & Markus Kiefer - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 27:268-287.
  22.  2
    Contradictory Information: Better Than Nothing? The Paradox of the Two Firefighters.J. Michael Dunn & Nicholas M. Kiefer - 2019 - In Can Başkent & Thomas Macaulay Ferguson (eds.), Graham Priest on Dialetheism and Paraconsistency. Springer Verlag. pp. 231-247.
    Prominent philosophers have argued that contradictions contain either too much or too little information to be useful. We dispute this with what we call the “Paradox of the Two Firefighters.” Suppose you are awakened in your hotel room by a fire alarm. You open the door. You see three possible ways out: left, right, straight ahead. You see two firefighters. One says there is exactly one safe route and it is to your left. The other says there is exactly one (...)
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  23. Self-Interpreting Animals. 45-76 In: TAYLOR, Charles: Human Agency and Language.Charles Taylor - 1985 - Philosophical Papers 1.
  24.  20
    The Limits of a Distributed Account of Conceptual Knowledge.Markus Kiefer & Manfred Spitzer - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (11):469-471.
  25. Speech Act Theory and Pragmatics.John Searle, F. Kiefer & Manfred Berwisch (eds.) - 1980 - Dordrecht.
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  26.  22
    The Semantic Origin of Unconscious Priming: Behavioral and Event-Related Potential Evidence During Category Congruency Priming From Strongly and Weakly Related Masked Words.Juan J. Ortells, Markus Kiefer, Alejandro Castillo, Montserrat Megías & Alejandro Morillas - 2016 - Cognition 146:143-157.
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  27. Charles Peirce's Theory of Scientific Method.Charles Peirce & Francis E. Reilly - 1972 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 8 (1):53-55.
     
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  28.  28
    Charles Taylor Replies.Charles Taylor - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1036):662-664.
  29.  51
    The Foundations of Statistics—Are There Any?J. Kiefer - 1977 - Synthese 36 (1):161 - 176.
  30.  18
    Charles Taylor Replies.Charles Taylor - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1036):645-647.
  31.  18
    Charles Taylor Replies.Charles Taylor - 2010 - New Blackfriars 91 (1036):694-698.
  32.  9
    Questions and Attitudes.Ferenc Kiefer - 1981 - In W. Klein & W. Levelt (eds.), Crossing the Boundaries in Linguistics. Reidel. pp. 159--176.
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  33.  5
    13. On the Pragmatics of Answers.Ferenc Kiefer - 1988 - In Michel Meyer (ed.), Questions and Questioning. W. De Gruyter. pp. 255.
  34.  28
    Inferring Affect From fMRI Data.Brian Knutson, Kiefer Katovich & Gaurav Suri - 2014 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 18 (8):422-428.
  35.  89
    Reviews : Charles S. Taylor -- Paulo Freire's Pedagogu in Guinea-Bissau.Charles S. Taylor - 1980 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 7 (2):216-225.
  36. Sir Charles Lyell's Scientific Journals on the Species Question.Charles Lyell - 1970 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
  37.  43
    Testing the Theory of Embodied Cognition with Subliminal Words.Ulrich Ansorge, Markus Kiefer, Shah Khalid, Sylvia Grassl & Peter König - 2010 - Cognition 116 (3):303-320.
  38.  36
    The Milky Way’s Supermassive Black Hole: How Good a Case Is It?: A Challenge for Astrophysics & Philosophy of Science.Andreas Eckart, Andreas Hüttemann, Claus Kiefer, Silke Britzen, Michal Zajaček, Claus Lämmerzahl, Manfred Stöckler, Monica Valencia-S., Vladimir Karas & Macarena García-Marín - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (5):553-624.
    The compact and, with \ M\, very massive object located at the center of the Milky Way is currently the very best candidate for a supermassive black hole in our immediate vicinity. The strongest evidence for this is provided by measurements of stellar orbits, variable X-ray emission, and strongly variable polarized near-infrared emission from the location of the radio source Sagittarius A* in the middle of the central stellar cluster. Simultaneous near-infrared and X-ray observations of SgrA* have revealed insights into (...)
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  39. Semiotic and Significs: The Correspondence Between Charles S. Peirce and Victoria Lady Welby.Charles S. Hardwick & James Cook - 1979 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 15 (1):92-97.
     
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  40.  19
    The Collected Papers of Charles Darwin.Charles Darwin - 1977 - University of Chicago Press.
  41.  62
    The Jónsson-Kiefer Property.Kira Adaricheva, Miklos Maróti, Ralph Mckenzie, J. B. Nation & Eric R. Zenk - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):111-131.
    The least element 0 of a finite meet semi-distributive lattice is a meet of meet-prime elements. We investigate conditions under which the least element of an algebraic, meet semi-distributive lattice is a meet of meet-prime elements. For example, this is true if the lattice has only countably many compact elements, or if $|L|, or if L is in the variety generated by a finite meet semi-distributive lattice. We give an example of an algebraic, meet semi-distributive lattice that has no meet-prime (...)
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  42. Charles Sanders Peirce: Contributions to the Nation.Charles S. Peirce - 1975 - Texas Tech Press.
    pt. 1. 1869-1893.--pt. 2. 1894-1900.--pt. 3. 1901-1908.
     
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  43. Semiotic and Significs the Correspondence Between Charles S. Peirce and Lady Victoria Welby.Victoria Welby & Charles S. Peirce - 1977
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  44.  17
    The Red Notebook of Charles Darwin.Sandra Herbert, Charles Darwin, P. Thomas Carroll, Paul H. Barrett & Ralph Colp - 1982 - Journal of the History of Biology 15 (3):467-471.
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  45. Values in a Universe of Chance Selected Writings of Charles S. Peirce.Charles S. Peirce - 1958 - Double Day.
  46.  34
    I–David Charles.David Charles - 1999 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 73 (1):205-223.
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  47.  17
    Testing the Attentional Boundary Conditions of Subliminal Semantic Priming: The Influence of Semantic and Phonological Task Sets.Sarah C. Adams & Markus Kiefer - 2012 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.
  48.  11
    Writings of Charles S. Peirce: A Chronological Edition, Volume 3: 1872–1878.Charles S. Peirce - 1986 - Indiana University Press.
    The PEIRCE EDITION contains large sections of previously unpublished material in addition to selected published works. Each volume includes a brief historical and biographical introduction, extensive editorial and textual notes, and a full chronological list of all of Peirce’s writings, published and unpublished, during the period covered.
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  49.  22
    Identity, Personhood and the Law: Charles Foster and Jonathan Herring. Springer, 2017: ISBN 978-3-319-53458-9: 70 Pp. [REVIEW]Charles Foster & Jonathan Herring - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):00-00.
    The law tends to think that there is no difficulty about identifying humans. When someone is born, her name is entered into a statutory register. She is ‘X’ in the eyes of the law. At some point, ‘X’ will die and her name will be recorded in another register. If anyone suggested that the second X was not the same as the first, the suggestion would be met with bewilderment. During X's lifetime, the civil law assumed that the X who (...)
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  50. On Charles Taylor's 'Deep Diversity'.Charles Blattberg - 2020 - In Ursula Lehmkuhl & Elisabeth Tutschek (eds.), 150 Years of Canada: Grappling with Diversity Since 1867. Münster, Germany: Waxmann Verlag GmbH.
    Charles Taylor’s idea of “deep diversity” has played a major role in the debates around multiculturalism in Canada and around the world. Originally, the idea was meant to account for how the different national communities within Canada – those of the English-speaking Canadians, the French-speaking Quebeckers, and the Aboriginals – conceive of their belonging to the country in different ways. But Taylor conceives of these differences strictly in terms of irreducibility; that is, he fails to see that they also (...)
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