Results for 'Charles R. Kesler'

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  1. Educating the Prince: Essays in Honor of Harvey Mansfield.John Gibbons, Nathan Tarcov, Ralph Hancock, Jerry Weinberger, Paul A. Cantor, Mark Blitz, James W. Muller, Kenneth Weinstein, Clifford Orwin, Arthur Melzer, Susan Meld Shell, Peter Minowitz, James Stoner, Jeremy Rabkin, David F. Epstein, Charles R. Kesler, Glen E. Thurow, R. Shep Melnick, Jessica Korn & Robert P. Kraynak (eds.) - 2000 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    For forty years, Harvey Mansfield has been worth reading. Whether plumbing the depths of MachiavelliOs Discourses or explaining what was at stake in Bill ClintonOs impeachment, MansfieldOs work in political philosophy and political science has set the standard. In Educating the Prince, twenty-one of his students, themselves distinguished scholars, try to live up to that standard. Their essays offer penetrating analyses of Machiavellianism, liberalism, and America., all of them informed by MansfieldOs own work. The volume also includes a bibliography of (...)
     
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  2.  8
    Political Theory and International Relations.Charles R. Beitz - 1979 - Princeton: Princeton University Press.
    Charles Beitz rejects two highly influential conceptions of international theory as empirically inaccurate and theoretically misleading. In one, international relations is a Hobbesian state of nature in which moral judgments are entirely inappropriate, and in the other, states are analogous to persons in domestic society in having rights of autonomy that insulate them from external moral assessment and political interference. Beitz postulates that a theory of international politics should include a revised principle of state autonomy based on the justice (...)
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  3. The Idea of Human Rights.Charles R. Beitz - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Human rights have become one of the most important moral concepts in global political life over the last 60 years. Charles Beitz, one of the world's leading philosophers, offers a compelling new examination of the idea of a human right.
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  4. Ought-Implies-Can: Erasmus Luther and R.M. Hare.Charles R. Pigden - 1990 - Sophia 29 (1):2-30.
    l. There is an antinomy in Hare's thought between Ought-Implies-Can and No-Indicatives-from-Imperatives. It cannot be resolved by drawing a distinction between implication and entailment. 2. Luther resolved this antinomy in the l6th century, but to understand his solution, we need to understand his problem. He thought the necessity of Divine foreknowledge removed contingency from human acts, thus making it impossible for sinners to do otherwise than sin. 3. Erasmus objected (on behalf of Free Will) that this violates Ought-Implies-Can which he (...)
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  5. Nihilism, Nietzsche and the Doppelganger Problem.Charles R. Pigden - 2007 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 10 (5):441-456.
    Nihilism, Nietzsche and the Doppelganger Problem Was Nietzsche a nihilist? Yes, because, like J. L. Mackie, he was an error-theorist about morality, including the elitist morality to which he himself subscribed. But he was variously a diagnostician, an opponent and a survivor of certain other kinds of nihilism. Schacht argues that Nietzsche cannot have been an error theorist, since meta-ethical nihilism is inconsistent with the moral commitment that Nietzsche displayed. Schacht’s exegetical argument parallels the substantive argument (advocated in recent years (...)
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  6.  18
    Comment on Flathman Difficulties With Flathman's Moderation Thesis: CHARLES R. BEITZ.Charles R. Beitz - 1984 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (2):172-175.
    Professor Flathman's main aim in this interesting paper is to set forth what we might call the “moderation thesis.” It holds that there may be occasions when the best thing to do, all things considered, is to violate a right – at least if the violation takes the form of what Flathman calls “civil encroachment” or “civil non-enforcement.” Moreover, it would be desirable, in a society whose practices include rights, for this belief to be generally accepted, so that those who (...)
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  7. Rawls's Law of Peoples.Charles R. Beitz - 2000 - Ethics 110 (4):669-696.
  8.  3
    On Nationality. [REVIEW]Charles R. Beitz - 1997 - Ethics 108 (1):225-229.
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  9. Cosmopolitanism and Global Justice.Charles R. Beitz - 2005 - The Journal of Ethics 9 (1-2):11-27.
    Philosophical attention to problems about global justice is flourishing in a way it has not in any time in memory. This paper considers some reasons for the rise of interest in the subject and reflects on some dilemmas about the meaning of the idea of the cosmopolitan in reasoning about social institutions, concentrating on the two principal dimensions of global justice, the economic and the political.
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  10. Cosmopolitan Ideals and National Sentiment.Charles R. Beitz - 1983 - Journal of Philosophy 80 (10):591-600.
  11. Human Dignity in the Theory of Human Rights: Nothing But a Phrase?Charles R. Beitz - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (3):259-290.
  12. Political Equality: An Essay in Democratic Theory.Charles R. Beitz - 1990 - Princeton University Press.
  13. Logic and the Autonomy of Ethics.Charles R. Pigden - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (2):127 – 151.
    My first paper on the Is/Ought issue. The young Arthur Prior endorsed the Autonomy of Ethics, in the form of Hume’s No-Ought-From-Is (NOFI) but the later Prior developed a seemingly devastating counter-argument. I defend Prior's earlier logical thesis (albeit in a modified form) against his later self. However it is important to distinguish between three versions of the Autonomy of Ethics: Ontological, Semantic and Ontological. Ontological Autonomy is the thesis that moral judgments, to be true, must answer to a realm (...)
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  14. Justice and International Relations.Charles R. Beitz - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 4 (4):360-389.
  15. The Moral Standing of States Revisited.Charles R. Beitz - 2009 - Ethics and International Affairs 23 (4):325-347.
    "The Moral Standing of States" is the title of an essay Michael Walzer wrote in response to four critics of the theory of nonintervention defended in "Just and Unjust Wars." It states a theme to which he has returned in subsequent work. Beitz offers four sets of comments.
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  16.  15
    Where Meanings Arise and How: Building on Shannon's Foundations.Charles R. Gallistel - 2020 - Mind and Language 35 (3):390-401.
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  17. Identifying Goodness.Charles R. Pigden - 2012 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (1):93 - 109.
    The paper reconstructs Moore's Open Question Argument (OQA) and discusses its rise and fall. There are three basic objections to the OQA: Geach's point, that Moore presupposes that ?good? is a predicative adjective (whereas it is in fact attributive); Lewy's point, that it leads straight to the Paradox of Analysis; and Durrant's point that even if 'good' is not synonymous with any naturalistic predicate, goodness might be synthetically identical with a naturalistic property. As against Geach, I argue that 'good' has (...)
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  18.  42
    Conflicting Varieties of Realism: Causal Powers and the Problems of Social Structure.Charles R. Varela & Rom Harré - 1996 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 26 (3):313-325.
    Proponents of the view that social structures are ontologically distinct from the people in whose actions they are immanent have assumed that structures can stand in causal relations to individual practices. Were causality to be no more than Humean concomitance correlations between structure and practices would be unproblematic. But two prominent advocates of the ontological account of structures, Bhaskar and Giddens, have also espoused a powers theory of causality. According to that theory causation is brought about by the activity of (...)
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  19.  2
    Heidegger's Roots: Nietzsche, National Socialism, and the Greeks.Charles R. Bambach - 2003 - Cornell University Press.
    The myth of the homeland -- The Nietzschean self-assertion of the German University -- The geo-politics of Heidegger's Mitteleuropa -- Heidegger's Greeks and the myth of autochthony -- Heidegger's "Nietzsche".
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  20.  11
    Pharaoh's Magicians: The Ethics and Efficacy of Human Fetal Tissue Transplants.R. Barry & D. Kesler - 1990 - The Thomist 54 (4):575.
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  21. Does Global Inequality Matter?Charles R. Beitz - 2001 - Metaphilosophy 32 (1-2):95-112.
  22. Geach on `Good'.Charles R. Pigden - 1990 - Philosophical Quarterly 40 (159):129-154.
    In his celebrated 'Good and Evil' (l956) Professor Geach argues as against the non-naturalists that ‘good’ is attributive and that the predicative 'good', as used by Moore, is senseless.. 'Good' when properly used is attributive. 'There is no such thing as being just good or bad, [that is, no predicative 'good'] there is only being a good or bad so and so'. On the other hand, Geach insists, as against non-cognitivists, that good-judgments are entirely 'descriptive'. By a consideration of what (...)
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  23.  11
    Selection, Inspection, and Naming in Visual Search.Charles R. Snyder - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):428.
  24. Secession: The Morality of Political Divorce, From Fort Sumter to Lithuania and Quebec. [REVIEW]Charles R. Beitz - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (4):622-624.
  25.  47
    Internal and External.Charles R. Beitz - 2014 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 44 (2):225-238.
    James's Fairness in Trade seeks to offer an account of fair trade that is “internal” to an existing practice he describes as “mutual market reliance.” This paper distinguishes several senses of the distinction between “internal” and “external” that occur in the book and asks how, in its various senses, the distinction shapes and influences judgments about the fairness of the practice.
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  26.  35
    Science for Humanism: The Recovery of Human Agency.Charles R. Varela - 2009 - Routledge.
    In the 18th century, the pre-modern Judeo-Greco-Christian problem of freedom and determinism is transformed by Kant into the modern problem of the freedom of human agency in the natural and cultural worlds of deterministic structures; it is this version of the freedom and determinism issue which centres the Science and Humanism debates, and thus marks the history of the social sciences. Anthony Giddens is credited with providing the new vocabulary of ‘structure’ and ‘agency’ in order to formulate the problem of (...)
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  27. Actual Causation by Probabilistic Active Paths.Charles R. Twardy & Kevin B. Korb - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):900-913.
    We present a probabilistic extension to active path analyses of token causation (Halpern & Pearl 2001, forthcoming; Hitchcock 2001). The extension uses the generalized notion of intervention presented in (Korb et al. 2004): we allow an intervention to set any probability distribution over the intervention variables, not just a single value. The resulting account can handle a wide range of examples. We do not claim the account is complete --- only that it fills an obvious gap in previous active-path approaches. (...)
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  28.  8
    In Memoriam Charles N.R. McCoy (1911-1984).Charles R. Dechert - 1985 - Laval Théologique et Philosophique 41 (1):109-109.
  29.  22
    Attention and the Detection of Signals.Michael I. Posner, Charles R. Snyder & Brian J. Davidson - 1980 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 109 (2):160-174.
  30.  57
    How Is Partisan Gerrymandering Unfair?Charles R. Beitz - 2018 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 46 (3):323-358.
  31.  72
    A Criterion of Probabilistic Causation.Charles R. Twardy & Kevin B. Korb - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (3):241-262.
    The investigation of probabilistic causality has been plagued by a variety of misconceptions and misunderstandings. One has been the thought that the aim of the probabilistic account of causality is the reduction of causal claims to probabilistic claims. Nancy Cartwright (1979) has clearly rebutted that idea. Another ill-conceived idea continues to haunt the debate, namely the idea that contextual unanimity can do the work of objective homogeneity. It cannot. We argue that only objective homogeneity in combination with a causal interpretation (...)
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  32.  25
    Moral Principles and Political Obligations.Charles R. Beitz - 1980 - Ethics 91 (2):309-312.
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  33.  8
    Hume on Motivation and Virtue: New Essays.Charles R. Pigden (ed.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Contemporary ethical thought owes a great deal to David Hume whose work has inspired theories as diverse as non-cognitivism, error theory, quasi-realism, and instrumentalism about practical reason. This timely volume brings together an international range of distinguished scholars to discuss and dispute issues revolving around three closely related Humean themes which have recently come under close scrutiny. First is Hume's infamous claim that 'Reason is, and ought only to be, the slave of the passions'. Second, the Motivation Argument for the (...)
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  34.  72
    Global Basic Rights.Charles R. Beitz & Robert E. Goodin (eds.) - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Global Basic Rights brings together many of the most influential contemporary writers in political philosophy and international relations to explore some of the most challenging theoretical and practical questions provoked by Henry Shue's classic book Basic Rights.
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  35.  1
    International Ethics: A "Philosophy and Public Affairs" Reader.Charles R. Beitz (ed.) - 1985 - Princeton University Press.
    This book is comprised of essays previously published in Philosophy & Public Affairs and also an extended excerpt from Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars.
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  36. If Not Non-Cognitivism, Then What?Charles R. Pigden - 2009 - In Hume on Motivation and Virtue. Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Taking my cue from Michael Smith, I try to extract a decent argument for non-cognitivism from the text of the Treatise. I argue that the premises are false and that the whole thing rests on a petitio principi. I then re-jig the argument so as to support that conclusion that Hume actually believed (namely that an action is virtuous if it would excite the approbation of a suitably qualified spectator). This argument too rests on false premises and a begged question. (...)
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  37.  65
    Nonintervention and Communal Integrity.Charles R. Beitz - 1980 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 9 (4):385-391.
  38.  37
    Biological Structure and Embodied Human Agency: The Problem of Instinctivism.Charles R. Varela - 2003 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 33 (1):95–122.
    Hebb's conception of instinctive behavior permits the conclusion that it is just not human nature to be instinctive: while the ant brain is built for instinctive behavior, the human brain is built for intelligent behavior. Since drives cannot be instincts, even when a human driver becomes driven, human motives are not instincts either. This understanding allows us to dismiss the determinism of the old instinctivism found in Freud's bio-psychological unconscious, and of the new instinctivism, exemplified by Wilson's sociobiology. The latter (...)
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  39.  47
    Harré and Merleau-Ponty: Beyond the Absent Moving Body in Embodied Social Theory.Charles R. Varela - 1994 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 24 (2):167–185.
  40.  3
    Keyguide to Information Sources in Animal Rights.Charles R. Magel - 1989 - Mcfarland.
    Major topics: the nature and moral stutus of animals, animal experimentation and alternatives, use of animals for food, and environmental ethics. A bibliography of works historically important to animal rights and a list of 181 animal rights and animal welfare organizations worldwide enhance the book's usefulness. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR.
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  41.  16
    Response to Donahoe Review.Charles R. Gallistel - 2010 - Behavior and Philosophy 38:103-111.
  42. Introduction: Basic Rights and Beyond.Charles R. Beitz & Robert E. Goodin - 2009 - In Charles R. Beitz & Robert E. Goodin (eds.), Global Basic Rights. Oxford University Press. pp. 1--24.
  43.  56
    From Practice to Theory.Charles R. Beitz - 2013 - Constellations 20 (1):27-37.
  44.  1
    Ethical Issues in Research Design & Conduct: Developing a Test to Detect Carriers of Huntington's Disease.Charles R. MacKay - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (4):1.
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  45.  82
    Covert Intervention as a Moral Problem.Charles R. Beitz - 1989 - Ethics and International Affairs 3:45–60.
    Today's international community may well view covert action and democracy as mutually exclusive policies. This article examines the practice of covert action in American foreign policy in light of events of the mid-1970s and 1980s, focusing on the scandalous misuse of executive authority and lack of accountability associated with covert means. Often manipulative and sometimes anonymous, covert operations raise critical morality concerns in a democratic society. Whether "any form of accountability is likely to be sufficient to bring the unauthorized use (...)
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  46. The Moral Rights of Creators of Artistic and Literary Works.Charles R. Beitz - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (3):330–358.
  47. Milgram, Method and Morality.Charles R. Pigden & Grant R. Gillet - 1996 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (3):233-250.
    Milgram’s experiments, subjects were induced to inflict what they believed to be electric shocks in obedience to a man in a white coat. This suggests that many of us can be persuaded to torture, and perhaps kill, another person simply on the say-so of an authority figure. But the experiments have been attacked on methodological, moral and methodologico-moral grounds. Patten argues that the subjects probably were not taken in by the charade; Bok argues that lies should not be used in (...)
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  48.  52
    Duties Beyond Borders: On the Limits and Possibilities of Ethical International Politics. Stanley Hoffmann.Charles R. Beitz - 1982 - Ethics 93 (4):814-815.
  49.  23
    The Impossibility of Which Naturalism? A Response and a Reply.Charles R. Varela - 2002 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 32 (1):105–111.
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  50. Coercive Theories of Meaning or Why Language Shouldn't Matter (So Much) to Philosophy.Charles R. Pigden - 2010 - Logique Et Analyse 53 (210):151.
    This paper is a critique of coercive theories of meaning, that is, theories (or criteria) of meaning designed to do down ones opponents by representing their views as meaningless or unintelligible. Many philosophers from Hobbes through Berkeley and Hume to the pragmatists, the logical positivists and (above all) Wittgenstein have devised such theories and criteria in order to discredit their opponents. I argue 1) that such theories and criteria are morally obnoxious, a) because they smack of the totalitarian linguistic tactics (...)
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