66 found
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  1. The Multisensory Perception of Flavor.Malika Auvray & Charles Spence - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1016-1031.
    Following on from ecological theories of perception, such as the one proposed by [Gibson, J. J. . The senses considered as perceptual systems. Boston: Houghton Mifflin] this paper reviews the literature on the multisensory interactions underlying the perception of flavor in order to determine the extent to which it is really appropriate to consider flavor perception as a distinct perceptual system. We propose that the multisensory perception of flavor may be indicative of the fact that the taxonomy currently used to (...)
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  2. Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention.Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Many organisms possess multiple sensory systems, such as vision, hearing, touch, smell, and taste. The possession of multiple ways of sensing the world offers many benefits. However, combining information from different senses also poses many challenges for the nervous system. In recent years there has been dramatic progress in understanding how information from the different senses gets integrated in order to construct useful representations of external space. This volume brings together the leading researchers from a broad range of scientific approaches (...)
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  3. Is Consciousnes Multisensory?Tim Bayne & Charles Spence - 2014 - In Dustin Stokes, Stephen Biggs & Mohan Matthen (eds.), Perception and Its Modalities. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 95-132.
    Is consciousness multisensory? Obviously it is multisensory in certain ways. Human beings typically possess the capacity to have experiences in at least the five familiar sensory modalities, and quite possibly in a number of other less commonly recognised modalities as well. But there are other respects in which it is far from obvious that consciousness is multisensory. This chapter is concerned with one such respect. Οur concern here is with whether consciousness contains experiences associated with distinct modalities at the same (...)
     
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  4.  20
    “Bouba” and “Kiki” in Namibia? A Remote Culture Make Similar Shape–Sound Matches, but Different Shape–Taste Matches to Westerners.Andrew J. Bremner, Serge Caparos, Jules Davidoff, Jan de Fockert, Karina J. Linnell & Charles Spence - 2013 - Cognition 126 (2):165-172.
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  5.  16
    The Multisensory Perception of Flavor.Malika Auvray & Charles Spence - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):1016-1031.
  6. Metacognition in Multisensory Perception.Ophelia Deroy, Charles Spence & Uta Noppeney - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (10):736-747.
    Are two senses more certain than one? Subjective confidence, as an instance of metacognition, has mostly been investigated on a sense-by-sense basis. Yet perception is most frequently multisensory. Here we consider the implications and relevance of understanding confidence at the multisensory level.
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  7.  25
    Tool-Use Changes Multimodal Spatial Interactions Between Vision and Touch in Normal Humans.Angelo Maravita, Charles Spence, Steffan Kennett & Jon Driver - 2002 - Cognition 83 (2):B25-B34.
  8.  53
    How Automatic Are Crossmodal Correspondences?Charles Spence & Ophelia Deroy - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):245-260.
    The last couple of years have seen a rapid growth of interest in the study of crossmodal correspondences – the tendency for our brains to preferentially associate certain features or dimensions of stimuli across the senses. By now, robust empirical evidence supports the existence of numerous crossmodal correspondences, affecting people’s performance across a wide range of psychological tasks – in everything from the redundant target effect paradigm through to studies of the Implicit Association Test, and from speeded discrimination/classification tasks through (...)
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  9.  29
    Exogenous Spatial Cuing Studies of Human Crossmodal Attention and Multisensory Integration.Charles Spence, John Mcdonald & Jon Driver - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press.
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  10.  36
    Multisensory Prior Entry.Charles Spence, David I. Shore & Raymond M. Klein - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (4):799.
  11.  26
    Prior-Entry: A Review.Charles Spence & Cesare Parise - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):364-379.
    The law of prior entry was one of E.B. Titchener’s seven fundamental laws of attention. According to Titchener : “the object of attention comes to consciousness more quickly than the objects which we are not attending to.” Although researchers have been studying prior entry for more than a century now, progress in understanding the effect has been hindered by the many methodological confounds present in early research. As a consequence, it is unclear whether the behavioral effects reported in the majority (...)
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  12.  45
    When Hearing the Bark Helps to Identify the Dog: Semantically-Congruent Sounds Modulate the Identification of Masked Pictures.Yi-Chuan Chen & Charles Spence - 2010 - Cognition 114 (3):389-404.
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  13.  47
    Cross-Cultural Differences in Crossmodal Correspondences Between Basic Tastes and Visual Features.Xiaoang Wan, Andy T. Woods, Jasper J. F. van den Bosch, Kirsten J. McKenzie, Carlos Velasco & Charles Spence - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  14.  29
    Multisensory Technology for Flavor Augmentation: A Mini Review.Carlos Velasco, Marianna Obrist, Olivia Petit & Charles Spence - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  15.  51
    The Cognitive and Neural Correlates of “Tactile Consciousness”: A Multisensory Perspective.Alberto Gallace & Charles Spence - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):370-407.
    People’s awareness of tactile stimuli has been investigated in far less detail than their awareness of stimuli in other sensory modalities. In an attempt to fill this gap, we provide an overview of studies that are pertinent to the topic of tactile consciousness. We discuss the results of research that has investigated phenomena such as “change blindness”, phantom limb sensations, and numerosity judgments in tactile perception, together with the results obtained from the study of patients affected by deficits that can (...)
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  16.  29
    Attention and the Crossmodal Construction of Space.Jon Driver & Charles Spence - 1998 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 2 (7):254-262.
  17. Beyond the Body Schema: Visual, Prosthetic, and Technological Contributions to Bodily Perception and Awareness.Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence - 2006 - In Günther Knoblich, Ian M. Thornton, Marc Grosjean & Maggie Shiffrar (eds.), Human Body Perception From the Inside Out. Oxford University Press. pp. 15-64.
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  18.  1
    Assessing the Role of the ‘Unity Assumption’ on Multisensory Integration: A Review.Yi-Chuan Chen & Charles Spence - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
  19.  54
    Is the Exogenous Orienting of Spatial Attention Truly Automatic? Evidence From Unimodal and Multisensory Studies.Valerio Santangelo & Charles Spence - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):989-1015.
    The last decade has seen great progress in the study of the nature of crossmodal links in exogenous and endogenous spatial attention . Exogenous spatial cuing studies of human crossmodal attention and multisensory integration. In C. Spence, & J. Driver , Crossmodal space and crossmodal attention . Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.], for a recent review). A growing body of research now highlights the existence of robust crossmodal links between auditory, visual, and tactile spatial attention. However, until recently, studies of (...)
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  20.  18
    Taking Someone Else’s Spatial Perspective: Natural Stance or Effortful Decentring?Gabriel Arnold, Charles Spence & Malika Auvray - 2016 - Cognition 148:27-33.
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  21.  23
    Audiovisual Cross-Modal Correspondences in the General Population.Cesare Parise & Charles Spence - 2013 - In Julia Simner & Edward Hubbard (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia. Oxford University Press.
    For more than a century now, researchers have acknowledged the existence of seemingly arbitrary crossmodal congruency effects between dimensions of sensory stimuli in the general population. Such phenomena, known by a variety of terms including 'crossmodal correspondences', involve individual stimulus properties, rely on a crossmodal mapping of unisensory features, and appear to be shared by the majority of individuals. In other words, members of the general population share underlying preferences for specific pairings across the senses. Crossmodal correspondences between complementary sensory (...)
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  22.  60
    Grape Expectations: The Role of Cognitive Influences in Color–Flavor Interactions.Maya U. Shankar, Carmel A. Levitan & Charles Spence - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):380-390.
    Color conveys critical information about the flavor of food and drink by providing clues as to edibility, flavor identity, and flavor intensity. Despite the fact that more than 100 published papers have investigated the influence of color on flavor perception in humans, surprisingly little research has considered how cognitive and contextual constraints may mediate color–flavor interactions. In this review, we argue that the discrepancies demonstrated in previously-published color–flavor studies may, at least in part, reflect differences in the sensory expectations that (...)
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  23.  29
    A Unity of the Self or a Multiplicity of Locations? How the Graphesthesia Task Sheds Light on the Role of Spatial Perspectives in Bodily Self-Consciousness.Gabriel Arnold, Charles Spence & Malika Auvray - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 56:100-114.
  24.  12
    The Influence of Auditory Cues on Bodily and Movement Perception.Tasha R. Stanton & Charles Spence - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    The sounds that result from our movement and that mark the outcome of our actions typically convey useful information concerning the state of our body and its movement, as well as providing pertinent information about the stimuli with which we are interacting. Here we review the rapidly growing literature investigating the influence of non-veridical auditory cues (i.e., inaccurate in terms of their context, timing, and/or spectral distribution) on multisensory body and action perception, and on motor behavior. Inaccurate auditory cues provide (...)
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  25.  11
    Textures That We Like to Touch: An Experimental Study of Aesthetic Preferences for Tactile Stimuli.Roberta Etzi, Charles Spence & Alberto Gallace - 2014 - Consciousness and Cognition 29:178-188.
  26.  7
    An Experimenter's Influence on Motor Enhancements: The Effects of Letter Congruency and Sensory Switch-Costs on Multisensory Integration.Ayla Barutchu & Charles Spence - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Multisensory integration can alter information processing, and previous research has shown that such processes are modulated by sensory switch costs and prior experience. Here we report an incidental finding demonstrating, for the first time, the interplay between these processes and experimental factors, specifically the presence of the experimenter in the testing room. Experiment 1 demonstrates that multisensory motor facilitation in response to audiovisual stimuli is higher in those trials in which the sensory modality switches than when it repeats. Those participants (...)
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  27.  20
    Crossmodal Effect of Music and Odor Pleasantness on Olfactory Quality Perception.Carlos Velasco, Diana Balboa, Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos & Charles Spence - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
  28.  15
    Multisensory Brand Search: How the Meaning of Sounds Guides Consumers’ Visual Attention.Klemens M. Knoeferle, Pia Knoeferle, Carlos Velasco & Charles Spence - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (2):196-210.
  29.  6
    Crossmodal Spatial Distraction Across the Lifespan.Tiziana Pedale, Serena Mastroberardino, Michele Capurso, Andrew J. Bremner, Charles Spence & Valerio Santangelo - 2021 - Cognition 210:104617.
    The ability to resist distracting stimuli whilst voluntarily focusing on a task is fundamental to our everyday cognitive functioning. Here, we investigated how this ability develops, and thereafter declines, across the lifespan using a single task/experiment. Young children (5–7 years), older children (10–11 years), young adults (20–27 years), and older adults (62–86 years) were presented with complex visual scenes. Endogenous (voluntary) attention was engaged by having the participants search for a visual target presented on either the left or right side (...)
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  30.  19
    Searching for Flavor Labels in Food Products: The Influence of Color-Flavor Congruence and Association Strength.Carlos Velasco, Xiaoang Wan, Klemens Knoeferle, Xi Zhou, Alejandro Salgado-Montejo & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  31.  9
    Spatial Localization of Touch in the First Year of Life: Early Influence of a Visual Spatial Code and the Development of Remapping Across Changes in Limb Position.Andrew J. Bremner, Denis Mareschal, Sarah Lloyd-Fox & Charles Spence - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (1):149-162.
  32.  1
    Scented Colours: Artistic Interest in the Crossmodal Connection Between Colour and Odour.Charles Spence - 2020 - The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 14 (1).
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  33.  43
    Crossmodal Spatial Attention: Evidence From Human Performance.Jon Driver & Charles Spence - 2004 - In Charles Spence & Jon Driver (eds.), Crossmodal Space and Crossmodal Attention. Oxford University Press. pp. 179--220.
  34.  27
    Lost in the Move? Secondary Task Performance Impairs Tactile Change Detection on the Body.Alberto Gallace, Sophia Zeeden, Brigitte Röder & Charles Spence - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):215-229.
    Change blindness, the surprising inability of people to detect significant changes between consecutively-presented visual displays, has recently been shown to affect tactile perception as well. Visual change blindness has been observed during saccades and eye blinks, conditions under which people’s awareness of visual information is temporarily suppressed. In the present study, we demonstrate change blindness for suprathreshold tactile stimuli resulting from the execution of a secondary task requiring bodily movement. In Experiment 1, the ability of participants to detect changes between (...)
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  35.  6
    Digital Commensality: Eating and Drinking in the Company of Technology.Charles Spence, Maurizio Mancini & Gijs Huisman - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  36.  21
    The Sweetest Thing: The Influence of Angularity, Symmetry, and the Number of Elements on Shape-Valence and Shape-Taste Matches.Alejandro Salgado-Montejo, Jorge A. Alvarado, Carlos Velasco, Carlos J. Salgado, Kendra Hasse & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  37.  15
    Using Sound-Taste Correspondences to Enhance the Subjective Value of Tasting Experiences.Felipe Reinoso Carvalho, Raymond Van Ee, Monika Rychtarikova, Abdellah Touhafi, Kris Steenhaut, Dominique Persoone & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  38. Tool Use and the Representation of Peripersonal Space in Humans.Charles Spence - 2011 - In Teresa McCormack, Christoph Hoerl & Stephen Andrew Butterfill (eds.), Tool Use and Causal Cognition. Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  44
    Dissociating Body Image and Body Schema with Rubber Hands.Nicholas Paul Holmes & Charles Spence - 2007 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (2):211-212.
    Dijkerman & de Haan (D&dH) argue that body image and body schema form parts of different and dissociable somatosensory streams. We agree in general, but believe that more emphasis should be placed on interactions between these two streams. We illustrate this point with evidence from the rubber-hand illusion (RHI) – an illusion of body image, which depends critically upon body schema.
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  40.  63
    Infants Lost in Space?Andrew J. Bremner, Nicholas P. Holmes & Charles Spence - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (8):298-305.
  41.  10
    “A Sweet Smile”: The Modulatory Role of Emotion in How Extrinsic Factors Influence Taste Evaluation.Qian Wang & Charles Spence - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 32 (5):1052-1061.
    ABSTRACTIt has recently been demonstrated that the reported tastes/flavours of food/beverages can be modulated by means of external visual and auditory stimuli such as typeface, shapes, and music. The present study was designed to assess the role of the emotional valence of the product-extrinsic stimuli in such crossmodal modulations of taste. Participants evaluated samples of mixed fruit juice whilst simultaneously being presented with auditory or visual stimuli having either positive or negative valence. The soundtracks had either been harmonised with consonant (...)
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  42.  28
    Implicit Processing of Tactile Information: Evidence From the Tactile Change Detection Paradigm.David Pritchett, Alberto Gallace & Charles Spence - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):534-546.
    People can maintain accurate representations of visual changes without necessarily being aware of them. Here, we investigate whether a similar phenomenon also exists in touch. In Experiments 1 and 2, participants detected the presence of a change between two consecutively-presented tactile displays. Tactile change blindness was observed, with participants failing to report the presence of tactile change. Critically, however, when participants had to make a forced choice response regarding the number of stimuli presented in the two displays, their performance was (...)
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  43.  10
    Simple Lines and Shapes Are Associated with, and Communicate, Distinct Emotions.Alejandro Salgado-Montejo, Carlos José Salgado, Jorge Alvarado & Charles Spence - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (3):511-525.
  44.  20
    What's the Story With Blue Steak? On the Unexpected Popularity of Blue Foods.Charles Spence - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Is blue food desirable or disgusting? The answer, it would seem, is both, but it really depends on the food in which the color happens to be present. It turns out that the oft-cited aversive response to blue meat may not even have been scientifically validated, despite the fact that blue food coloring is often added to discombobulate diners. In the case of drinks, however, there has been a recent growth of successful new blue product launches in everything from beer (...)
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  45.  12
    The Hand Grasps the Center, While the Eyes Saccade to the Top of Novel Objects.Georgiana Juravle, Carlos Velasco, Alejandro Salgado-Montejo & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  46.  4
    Music Influences Hedonic and Taste Ratings in Beer.Felipe Reinoso Carvalho, Carlos Velasco, Raymond van Ee, Yves Leboeuf & Charles Spence - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  47.  5
    Audiovisual Crossmodal Cuing Effects in Front and Rear Space.Jae Lee & Charles Spence - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  48.  22
    Assessing the Effects of Audiovisual Semantic Congruency on the Perception of a Bistable Figure.Jhih-Yun Hsiao, Yi-Chuan Chen, Charles Spence & Su-Ling Yeh - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):775-787.
    Bistable figures provide a fascinating window through which to explore human visual awareness. Here we demonstrate for the first time that the semantic context provided by a background auditory soundtrack can modulate an observer’s predominant percept while watching the bistable “my wife or my mother-in-law” figure . The possibility of a response-bias account—that participants simply reported the percept that happened to be congruent with the soundtrack that they were listening to—was excluded in Experiment 2. We further demonstrate that this crossmodal (...)
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  49.  2
    Consumer Consciousness in Multisensory Extended Reality.Olivia Petit, Carlos Velasco, Qian Janice Wang & Charles Spence - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The reality-virtuality continuum encompasses a multitude of objects, events and environments ranging from real-world multisensory inputs to interactive multisensory virtual simulators, in which sensory integration can involve very different combinations of both physical and digital inputs. These different ways of stimulating the senses can affect the consumer’s consciousness, potentially altering their judgements and behaviours. In this perspective paper, we explore how technologies such as Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality can, by generating and modifying the human sensorium, act on consumer consciousness. (...)
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  50.  10
    Attention Modulates Sensory Suppression During Back Movements.Lore Van Hulle, Georgiana Juravle, Charles Spence, Geert Crombez & Stefaan Van Damme - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (2):420-429.
    Tactile perception is often impaired during movement. The present study investigated whether such sensory suppression also occurs during back movements, and whether this would be modulated by attention. In two tactile detection experiments, participants simultaneously engaged in a movement task, in which they executed a back-bending movement, and a perceptual task, consisting of the detection of subtle tactile stimuli administered to their upper or lower back. The focus of participants’ attention was manipulated by raising the probability that one of the (...)
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