Results for 'Chatelet Chatelet'

70 found
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  1.  91
    Du Châtelet on Freedom, Self-Motion, and Moral Necessity.Julia Jorati - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (2):255-280.
    This paper explores the theory of freedom that Emilie du Châtelet advances in her essay “On Freedom.” Using contemporary terminology, we can characterize this theory as a version of agent-causal compatibilism. More specifically, the theory has the following elements: (a) freedom consists in the power to act in accordance with one’s choices, (b) freedom requires the ability to suspend desires and master passions, (c) freedom requires a power of self-motion in the agent, and (d) freedom is compatible with moral necessity (...)
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  2. Emilie du Chatelet's Metaphysics of Substance.Marius Stan - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (3):477-496.
    much early modern metaphysics grew with an eye to the new science of its time, but few figures took it as seriously as Emilie du Châtelet. Happily, her oeuvre is now attracting close, renewed attention, and so the time is ripe for looking into her metaphysical foundation for empirical theory. Accordingly, I move here to do just that. I establish two conclusions. First, du Châtelet's basic metaphysics is a robust realism. Idealist strands, while they exist, are confined to non-basic regimes. (...)
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  3.  78
    Emilie du Châtelet's Institutions de Physique as a Document in the History of French Newtonianism.Sarah Hutton - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (3):515-531.
    This paper discusses the contribution of Madame Du Châtelet to the reception of Newtonianism in France prior to her translation of Newton’s Principia. It focuses on her Institutions de physique, a work normally considered for its contribution to the reception of Leibniz in France. By comparing the different editions of the Institutions, I argue that her interest in Newton antedated her interest in Leibniz, and that she did not see Leibniz’s metaphysics as incompatible with Newtonian science. Her Newtonianism can be (...)
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  4. Du Châtelet on the Need for Mathematics in Physics.Aaron Wells - forthcoming - Philosophy of Science.
    There is a tension in Emilie Du Châtelet’s thought on mathematics. The objects of mathematics are ideal or fictional entities; nevertheless, mathematics is presented as indispensable for an account of the physical world. After outlining Du Châtelet’s position, and showing how she departs from Christian Wolff’s pessimism about Newtonian mathematical physics, I show that the tension in her position is only apparent. Du Châtelet has a worked-out defense of the explanatory and epistemic need for mathematical objects, consistent with their metaphysical (...)
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  5.  11
    Émilie du Châtelets „Institutions Physiques“. Über Die Rolle von Prinzipien Und Hypothesen in der Physik.Andrea Reichenberger - 2016 - Wiesbaden:
    Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Studie steht die Frage nach der Tragweite und Anwendungsrelevanz der Methodenlehre Émilie du Châtelets für die Physik im 18. Jahrhundert, mit der sich die Französin an der Diskussion um Energie- und Impulserhaltung und um das Prinzip der kleinsten Wirkung beteiligte. Andrea Reichenberger zeigt, dass Prinzipien und Hypothesen für Émilie du Châtelet als Fundament und Gerüst wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnis gelten. Im Zusammenspiel beider Komponenten erweisen sich das Prinzip des Widerspruchs und das Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes als regulative Leitlinien (...)
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  6.  53
    Du Châtelet on Sufficient Reason and Empirical Explanation.Aaron Wells - forthcoming - Southern Journal of Philosophy.
    For Emilie Du Châtelet, I argue, a central role of the principle of sufficient reason is to discriminate between better and worse explanations. Her principle of sufficient reason does not play this for just any conceivable intellect: it specifically enables understanding for minds like ours. She develops this idea in terms of two criteria for the success of our explanations: ‘understanding how’ and ‘understanding why.’ These criteria can respectively be connected to the determinateness and contrastivity of explanations. The crucial role (...)
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  7.  33
    Du Chatelet: Idealist About Extension, Bodies and Space.Caspar Jacobs - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 82:66-74.
    - Emilie du Châtelet offers an interesting and unusual account of the origin of our representation of extension. - She is an idealist about the essence extension, bodies and space, regarding them as mental constructs. - Du Châtelet's account requires a brute fact about the mind, in apparent tension with the Principle of Sufficient Reason.
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  8.  75
    Interlacing the Singularity, the Diagram and the Metaphor. Translated by Simon B. Duffy.Gilles Châtelet - 2006 - In Simon B. Duffy (ed.), Virtual Mathematics: the logic of difference. Clinamen.
    If the allusive stratagems can claim to define a new type of systematicity, it is because they give access to a space where the singularity, the diagram and the metaphor may interlace, to penetrate further into the physico-mathematic intuition and the discipline of the gestures which precede and accompany ‘formalisation’. This interlacing is an operation where each component backs up the others: without the diagram, the metaphor would only be a short-lived fulguration because it would be unable to operate: without (...)
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  9.  36
    Emilie du Châtelet and the Gendering of Science.Mary Terrall - 1995 - History of Science 33 (101):283-310.
  10.  59
    Emilie du Châtelet on the Existence and Nature of God: An Examination of Her Arguments in Light of Their Sources.Marcy P. Lascano - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (4):741 - 758.
    Many commentators have suggested that the metaphysical portions of Emilie du Châtelet's Institutions de physique are a mere retelling of Leibniz's views. I argue that a close reading of the text shows that du Châtelet's cosmological argument and discussion of God's nature contains both Lockean and Leibnizian elements. I discuss where she follows Locke in her arguments, what Leibnizian elements she brings in, and how this enables her to avoid some of the mistakes commonly attributed to Locke's formulation of the (...)
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  11.  49
    On the Divisibility and Subtlety of Matter.Émilie du Châtelet & Lydia Patton - 2014 - In L. Patton (ed.), Philosophy, Science, and History. Routledge. pp. 332-42.
    Translation for this volume by Lydia Patton of Chapter 9 (pages 179-200) of Émilie du Châtelet's Institutions de Physique (Foundations of Physics). Original publication date 1750. Paris: Chez Prault Fils.
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  12. Du Châtelet and Descartes on the Role of Hypothesis and Metaphysics in Science.Karen Detlefsen - forthcoming - In Eileen O'Neill & Marcy Lascano (eds.), Feminism and the History of Philosophy. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    In this chapter, I examine similarities and divergences between Du Châtelet and Descartes on their endorsement of the use of hypotheses in science, using the work of Condillac to locate them in his scheme of systematizers. I conclude that, while Du Châtelet is still clearly a natural philosopher, as opposed to modern scientist, her conception of hypotheses is considerably more modern than is Descartes’, a difference that finds its roots in their divergence on the nature of first principles.
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  13. Du Châtelet’s Foundations of Physics. An Online Reading Guide.Andrea Reichenberger - 2018 - Paderborn: Center for the History of Women Philosophers and Scientist HWPS, Paderborn University.
    This projecrt aims to present an online Reading Guide to help students, teachers and researchers navigate through Du Châtelet’s Foundations of Physics, or Institutions de physique (1740/42) and to make this important text visible to a broad audience.
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  14. Between Du Châtelet’s Leibniz Exegesis and Kant’s Early Philosophy: A Study of Their Responses to the Vis Viva Controversy.Huaping Lu-Adler - 2018 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 21 (1):177-94.
    This paper examines Du Châtelet’s and Kant’s responses to the famous vis viva controversy – Du Châtelet in her Institutions Physiques (1742) and Kant in his debut, the Thoughts on the True Estimation of Living Forces (1746–49). The Institutions was not only a highly influential contribution to the vis viva controversy, but also a pioneering attempt to integrate Leibnizian metaphysics and Newtonian physics. The young Kant’s evident knowledge of this work has led some to speculate about his indebtedness to her (...)
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  15. François Châtelet, Evelyne Pisier-Kouchner, Les conceptions politiques du XXe siècle Reviewed by.Paul Gagné - 1982 - Philosophy in Review 2 (2/3):69-73.
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  16.  19
    Continuity in Nature and in Mathematics: Du Châtelet and Boscovich.Marij Van Strien - 2017 - In Michela Massimi, Jan-Willem Romeijn & Gerhard Schurz (eds.), EPSA15 Selected Papers. Springer. pp. 71-82.
    In the mid-eighteenth century, it was usually taken for granted that all curves described by a single mathematical function were continuous, which meant that they had a shape without bends and a well-defined derivative. In this paper I discuss arguments for this claim made by two authors, Emilie du Châtelet and Roger Boscovich. I show that according to them, the claim follows from the law of continuity, which also applies to natural processes, so that natural processes and mathematical functions have (...)
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  17.  27
    Du Châtelet, Voltaire, and the Transformation of Mandeville's Fable.Felicia Gottmann - 2012 - History of European Ideas 38 (2):218-232.
    Summary In about 1735, Emilie Du Châtelet began to translate Mandeville's Fable of the Bees. Her work, which is largely ignored by scholars, did, as this article demonstrates, turn out to be one of transformation rather than of translation and came at a crucial moment in the emerging French luxury debate. So far commercial society and luxury had been defended in purely economic terms, for instance in Melon's Essai politique, or as an aspect of divine providence for fallen man, by (...)
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  18. Chatelet . - Platon. [REVIEW]J. Brunschwig - 1968 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 158:283.
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  19. Hegel.François Chatelet - 1968 - Paris: Éditions Du Seuil.
  20. A Problem in Du Châtelet's Metaphysical Foundations of Physics.Matias Kimi Slavov - 2020 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 37 (1):61-76.
    To provide metaphysical grounds for the physics of her time, Du Châtelet argued for the notion of an active force. This was different from the impressed force in Newton’s second law. The former force was a property of a body, whereas the latter was an external cause. I shall study this discrepancy and argue that the interactive concept of force in Newton’s third law is consistent with Du Châtelet’s standards for an intelligible physics. Consequently, the interaction entailed by the law (...)
     
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  21.  50
    Emilie Du Châtelet: Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.Karen Detlefsen - 2013 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    A survey article on the metaphysics, physics and methodology of Du Châtelet.
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  22. Histoire de la Philosophie, Idées, Doctrines.François Châtelet, Jean Bernhardt, Pierre Aubenque, Anouar Abdel-Malek & Jacqueline Adamov-Autrusseau - 1999
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  23.  5
    Review: A. Chatelet, Allocution d'Ouverture; L. E. J. Brouwer, Discours Final; Abraham Robinson, On Axiomatic Systems Which Possess Finite Models. [REVIEW]Leon Henkin - 1955 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 20 (2):186-186.
  24.  16
    Émilie Du Châtelet on Illusions.Marcy P. Lascano - 2021 - Journal of the American Philosophical Association 7 (1):1-19.
    In her Discourse on Happiness, Émilie du Châtelet argues susceptibility to illusion is one of the five ‘great machines of happiness,’ and that ‘we owe most of our pleasures to illusions’. However, many who read the Discourse find this aspect of her view puzzling and in tension with her claims that we must always seek truth and obey reason. To understand better her claims in the Discourse on Happiness, this article explores Du Châtelet's discussions of illusions in her Foundations of (...)
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  25.  24
    Madame du Chatelet: Scientist, Philosopher, and Feminist of the Enlightenment. Esther Ehrman.James E. McClellan - 1987 - Isis 78 (4):635-636.
  26. Szkic Stanowiący Wstęp Do Badań o Państwie Wiedzy.François Châtelet & Ewelina Mitera - 2018 - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal 8 (2).
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  27.  43
    Voltaire and Madame du Chatelet.Fernand Vial - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (1):142-143.
  28.  9
    Voltaire and Madame du Chatelet: An Essay on the Intellectual Activity at Cirey. [REVIEW]Fernand Vial - 1942 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 17 (1):142-143.
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  29.  6
    2. Mme du Chatelet and Voltaire.Ira O. Wade - 1970 - In Intellectual Development of Voltaire. Princeton University Press. pp. 265-291.
  30.  23
    Newtonianism and the Physics of du Châtelet's Institutions de Physique.Marius Stan - forthcoming - In Essays on Newtonianism.
    This paper is about two things that cross paths. One is the many senses of the category ‘Newtonian,’ and their uses for exegesis. The other is the physics that Emilie du Châtelet grounded philosophically around 1740 in her book, Institutions de physique.
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  31. La Philosophie Paienne.Pierre Aubenque, François Châtelet & Jean Bernhardt - 1972 - Hachette.
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  32. La Philosophie Païenne.Pierre Aubenque, Jean Bernhardt & François Châtelet - 1972 - Hachette.
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  33.  5
    Review: Albert Chatelet, Allocution Prononcee Par M. A. Chatelet; Th. Skolem, Une Relativisation des Notions Mathematiques Fondamentales; A. Tarski, M. Krasner, A. Mostowski, R. De Possel, Interventions. [REVIEW]Martin Davis - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):284-285.
  34. Emilie du Châtelet Between Leibniz and Newton.Karen Detlefsen - 2013 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (1):207-209.
    British Journal for the History of Philosophy, Volume 21, Issue 1, Page 207-209, January 2013.
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  35. KÖLVING U., COURCELLE O., Émilie du Chatelêt: Éclairages et documents nouveaux (CR du n° 2/2011).Niderst Alain - 2011 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 64 (2):403-404.
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  36. KÖLVING U., COURCELLE O., Émilie du Chatelêt: Éclairages et documents nouveaux (CR du n° 2/2011).Alain Niderst - 2012 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 65 (2).
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  37.  12
    L'atelier de Takis: Tous deux, l'artiste et le savant sont tellement proches. Takis, Christine Buci-Glucksmann, François Boissonnet, Jean-françois Lyotard, Gilles Chatelet & Dolorès Djidzek-Lyotard - 1994 - Rue Descartes 10:155-167.
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  38.  24
    Les enjeux du mobile. Mathématique, physique, philosophie Gilles Châtelet Collection «Des Travaux» Paris, Seuil, 1993, 280 p. [REVIEW]Yvon Gauthier - 1995 - Dialogue 34 (4):861-.
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  39.  22
    Ruth Hagengruber, Ed. , Emilie du Châtelet Between Newton and Leibniz . Reviewed By.Stephen Gaukroger - 2012 - Philosophy in Review 32 (4):273-274.
  40. Il avait participé activement à la préparation des colloques organisés par Albert Châtelet et il y avait présenté des rapports importants. On lui doit des livres écrits en français, qui ont joué le rôle de manuels de Logique pour nos étudiants. Par de fréquents entretiens avec les philosophes, notamment les pen. [REVIEW]Jl Destouches - 1968 - In Evert Willem Beth & Jean-Louis Destouches (eds.), Logic and Foundations of Science. Dordrecht: D. Reidel. pp. 2.
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  41. Early Modern Women on the Cosmological Argument: A Case Study in Feminist History of Philosophy.Marcy P. Lascano - 2019 - In Eileen O'Neill & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.), Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women’s Philosophical Thought. Springer, NM 87747, USA: pp. 23-47.
    This chapter discusses methodology in feminist history of philosophy and shows that women philosophers made interesting and original contributions to the debates concerning the cosmological argument. I set forth and examine the arguments of Mary Astell, Damaris Masham, Catherine Trotter Cockburn, Emilie Du Châtelet, and Mary Shepherd, and discuss their involvement with philosophical issues and debates surrounding the cosmological argument. I argue that their contributions are original, philosophically interesting, and result from participation in the ongoing debates and controversies about the (...)
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  42.  7
    ‘Mon Petit Essai’: Émilie du Ch'telet’s Essai Sur L’Optique and Her Early Natural Philosophy.Bryce Gessell - 2019 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (4):860-879.
    ABSTRACTÉmilie du Châtelet’s recently-discovered Essai sur l’optique offers new insights into her early natural philosophy. Here I analyse the Essai in detail, focusing on Du Châtelet’s use of attr...
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  43. Dialogues Ii.Gilles Deleuze & Claire Parnet - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    French journalist Claire Parnet's famous dialogues with Gilles Deleuze offer an intimate portrait of the philosopher's life and thought. Conversational in tone, their engaging discussions delve deeply into Deleuze's philosophical background and development, the major concepts that shaped his work, and the essence of some of his famous relationships, especially his long collaboration with the philosopher Félix Guattari. Deleuze reconsiders Spinoza, empiricism, and the stoics alongside literature, psychoanalysis, and politics. He returns to the notions of minor literature, deterritorialization, the critical (...)
     
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  44. Early Modern Women on Metaphysics.Emily Thomas (ed.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    The work of women philosophers in the early modern period has traditionally been overlooked, yet their writing on topics such as reality, time, mind and matter holds valuable lessons for our understanding of metaphysics and its history. This volume of new essays explores the work of nine key female figures: Bathsua Makin, Anna Maria van Schurman, Elisabeth of Bohemia, Margaret Cavendish, Anne Conway, Damaris Cudworth Masham, Mary Astell, Catharine Trotter Cockburn, and Émilie Du Châtelet. Investigating issues from eternity to free (...)
     
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  45.  34
    Philosophy of Biology Before Biology.Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe (eds.) - 2019 - London: Routledge.
    Philosophy of biology before biology -/- Edited by Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe -/- Table of contents -/- Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. Introduction -/- 1. Cécilia Bognon-Küss & Charles T. Wolfe. The idea of “philosophy of biology before biology”: a methodological provocation -/- Part I. FORM AND DEVELOPMENT -/- 2. Stéphane Schmitt. Buffon’s theories of generation and the changing dialectics of molds and molecules 3. Phillip Sloan. Metaphysics and “Vital” Materialism: The Gabrielle Du Châtelet Circle and French (...)
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  46.  68
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader.Lydia Patton (ed.) - 2014 - Routledge.
    Philosophy, Science, and History: A Guide and Reader is a compact overview of HOPOS that aims to introduce students to the groundwork of the field. Part I of the Reader begins with classic texts in the history of logical empiricism, including Reichenbach's discovery-justification distinction. With careful reference to Kuhn's analysis of scientific revolutions, the section provides key texts analyzing the relationship of HOPOS to the history of science, including texts by Santayana, Rudwick, and Shapin and Schaffer. Part II provides texts (...)
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  47.  13
    A History of Women's Political Thought in Europe, 1700–1800.Karen Green - 2014 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    During the eighteenth century, elite women participated in the philosophical, scientific, and political controversies that resulted in the overthrow of monarchy, the reconceptualisation of marriage, and the emergence of modern, democratic institutions. In this comprehensive study, Karen Green outlines and discusses the ideas and arguments of these women, exploring the development of their distinctive and contrasting political positions, and their engagement with the works of political thinkers such as Hobbes, Locke, Mandeville and Rousseau. Her exploration ranges across Europe from England (...)
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  48. Virtual Mathematics: The Logic of Difference.Simon B. Duffy (ed.) - 2006 - Clinamen.
    Of all twentieth century philosophers, it is Gilles Deleuze whose work agitates most forcefully for a worldview privileging becoming over being, difference over sameness; the world as a complex, open set of multiplicities. Nevertheless, Deleuze remains singular in enlisting mathematical resources to underpin and inform such a position, refusing the hackneyed opposition between ‘static’ mathematical logic versus ‘dynamic’ physical world. This is an international collection of work commissioned from foremost philosophers, mathematicians and philosophers of science, to address the wide range (...)
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  49.  8
    Du Ch'telet and Descartes on the Roles of Hypothesis and Metaphysics in Natural Philosophy.Karen Detlefsen - 2019 - In Eileen O’Neill & Marcy P. Lascano (eds.), Feminist History of Philosophy: The Recovery and Evaluation of Women’s Philosophical Thought. Springer. pp. 97-127.
    In this chapter, I examine similarities and divergences between Du Châtelet and Descartes on their endorsement of the use of hypotheses in science, using the work of Condillac to locate them in his scheme of systematizers. I conclude that, while Du Châtelet is still clearly a natural philosopher, as opposed to modern scientist, her conception of hypotheses is considerably more modern than is Descartes’, a difference that finds its roots in their divergence on the nature of first principles.
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  50. Reading Lady Mary Shepherd.Margaret Atherton - 2005 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 13 (2):73-85.
    Virginia Woolf, in A Room of One’s Own, asked why there were no women writers before 1800. If she had been thinking about philosophers instead of writers in the traditional women’s areas of plays and fiction, she might have asked why there were no women philosophers at all, for I suspect that most people would find it very hard to name a woman philosopher before the present day. To help her in answering her question, she invented a fictional character, Judith (...)
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