Results for 'Cheryl Berg'

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  1.  72
    The Ethical Challenges of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing.Cheryl Berg & Kelly Fryer-Edwards - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):17 - 31.
    Genetic testing is currently subject to little oversight, despite the significant ethical issues involved. Repeated recommendations for increased regulation of the genetic testing market have led to little progress in the policy arena. A 2005 Internet search identified 13 websites offering health-related genetic testing for direct purchase by the consumer. Further examination of these sites showed that overall, biotech companies are not providing enough information for consumers to make well-informed decisions; they are not consistently offering genetic counseling services; and some (...)
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  2.  9
    The Ethical Challenges of Direct-to-Consumer Genetic Testing.Cheryl Berg & Kelly Fryer-Edwards - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 77 (1):17-31.
    Genetic testing is currently subject to little oversight, despite the significant ethical issues involved. Repeated recommendations for increased regulation of the genetic testing market have led to little progress in the policy arena. A 2005 Internet search identified 13 websites offering health-related genetic testing for direct purchase by the consumer. Further examination of these sites showed that overall, biotech companies are not providing enough information for consumers to make well-informed decisions; they are not consistently offering genetic counseling services; and some (...)
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  3.  5
    Rehabilitation Services Following Total Joint Replacement: A Qualitative Analysis of Key Processes and Structures to Decrease Length of Stay and Increase Surgical Volumes in Ontario, Canada.Carol Fancott, Susan Jaglal, Victoria Quan, Katherine Berg, Cheryl A. Cott, Aileen Davis, John Flannery, Gillian Hawker, Michel D. Landry, Nizar N. Mahomed & Elizabeth Badley - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):724-730.
  4.  22
    Precis of Jonathan Berg, Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief.Jonathan Berg - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (1):7-17.
    In Direct Belief I argue for the Theory of Direct Belief, which treats having a belief about an individual as an unmediated relation between the believer and the individual the belief is about. After a critical review of alternative positions, I use Grice’s theory of conversational implicature to provide a detailed pragmatic account of substitution failure in belief ascriptions and go on to defend this view against objections, including those based on an unwarranted “Inner Speech” Picture of Thought. The work (...)
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  5.  12
    Jan Berg: Die theoretische Philosophie Kants. Unter Berücksichtigung der Grundbegriffe seiner Ethik.Edgar Morscher & Jan Berg - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):105-112.
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  6. Theory of Science. Edited, with an Introd., by Jan Berg. Translated From the German by Burnham Terrell. --.Bernard Bolzano & Jan Berg - 1973 - Holland, D. Reidel.
     
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  7.  65
    Direct Belief: An Essay on the Semantics, Pragmatics, and Metaphysics of Belief.Jonathan Berg - 2012 - De Gruyter Mouton.
    Jonathan Berg argues for the Theory of Direct Belief, which treats having a belief about an individual as an unmediated relation between the believer and the individual the belief is about. After a critical review of alternative positions, Berg uses Grice's theory of conversational implicature to provide a detailed pragmatic account of substitution failure in belief ascriptions and goes on to defend this view against objections, including those based on an unwarranted "Inner Speech" Picture of Thought. The work (...)
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  8.  39
    Eros and the Intoxications of Enlightenment: On Plato's Symposium.Steven Berg - 2010 - State University of New York Press.
    Author Steven Berg offers an interpretation of this dialogue wherein all the speakers at the banquetwith the exception of Socratesnot only offer their views on ...
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  9.  89
    Holism: A Consumer Update.Jonathan Berg (ed.) - 1993 - Amsterdam: Rodopi.
    Contents: Preface. Johannes BRANDL: Semantic Holism Is Here To Stay. Michael DEVITT: A Critique of the Case for Semantic Holism. Georges REY: The Unavailability of What We Mean: A Reply to Quine, Fodor and LePore. Joseph LEVINE: Intentional Chemistry. Louise ANTHONY: Conceptual Connection and the Observation/Theory Distinction. Gilbert HARMAN: Meaning Holism Defended. Kirk A. LUDWIG: Is Content Holism Incoherent? Anne BEZUIDENHOUT: The Impossibility of Punctate Mental Representations. Takashi YAGISAWA: The Cost of Meaning Solipsism. Alberto PERUZZI: Holism: The Polarized Spectrum. Jonathan (...)
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  10. Philosophy for Aliens: Discovering the Philosophical Black Hole.Geoffrey Berg - 2013 - Intellect Publishing.
    Geoffrey Berg finds a previously undiscovered 'black hole' at the very core of Philosophy. This must cause extensive 'universal uncertainty' that is insurmountable by any human or any intelligence.This book strips away common human delusions about 'goodness', God and the ultimate knowability of the Universe. It focuses on the logical limitations to knowledge for humans, aliens and even artificial intelligences.The book is original and radical, yet entirely logical in its approach. It presents and justifies in quite simple language an (...)
     
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  11.  12
    Surrogate Decision Making in the Internet Age.Jessica Berg - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (10):28-33.
    The computer revolution has had an enormous effect on all aspects of the practice of medicine, yet little thought has been given to the role of social media in identifying treatment choices for incompetent patients. We are currently living in the ?Internet age? and many people have integrated social media into all aspects of their lives. As use becomes more prevalent, and as users age, social media are more likely to be viewed as a source of information regarding medical care (...)
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  12.  20
    The Consistency and Ecological Rationality Approaches to Normative Bounded Rationality.Nathan Berg - 2014 - Journal of Economic Methodology 21 (4):375-395.
    This paper focuses on tacit versus explicit uses of plural performance metrics as a primary methodological characteristic. This characteristic usefully distinguishes two schools of normative analysis and their approaches to normative interpretations of bounded rationality. Both schools of thought make normative claims about bounded rationality by comparing the performance of decision procedures using more than one performance metric. The consistency school makes tacit reference to performance metrics outside its primary axiomatic framework, but lexicographically promotes internal axiomatic consistency as the primary, (...)
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  13.  3
    Strategies for Handling Ethical Problems in End of Life Care: Obstacles and Possibilities.A. Rejno & L. Berg - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (7):778-789.
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  14. Human Brain Cells in Animal Brains: Philosophical and Moral Considerations.Rev Thomas Berg - 2006 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 6 (1):89-107.
     
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  15.  3
    Ther Moderating Effect of Individuals' Percetions of Ethical Work Climate on Ethical Judgments and Behavior Intertions.Barnett Tim & Vaicys Cheryl - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 27 (4):351-363.
    Dimensions of the ethical work climate, as conceptualized by Victor and Cullen, are potentially important influences on individual ethical decision-making in the organizational context. The present study examined the direct and indirect effects of individuals' perceptions of work climate on their ethical judgments and behavioral intentions regarding an ethical dilemma. A national sample of marketers was surveyed in a scenario-based research study. The results indicated that, although perceived climate dimensions did not have a direct effect on behavioral intentions, there were (...)
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  16.  7
    Intentions and Values in Animal Welfare Legislation and Standards.Frida Lundmark, C. Berg, O. Schmid, D. Behdadi & H. Röcklinsberg - 2014 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 27 (6):991-1017.
    The focus on animal welfare in society has increased during the last 50 years. Animal welfare legislation and private standards have developed, and today many farmers within animal production have both governmental legislation and private standards to comply with. In this paper intentions and values are described that were expressed in 14 animal welfare legislation and standards in four European countries; Sweden, United Kingdom, Germany and Spain. It is also discussed if the legislation and standards actually accomplish what they, in (...)
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  17.  51
    The Family Covenant and Genetic Testing.David J. Doukas & Jessica W. Berg - 2001 - American Journal of Bioethics 1 (3):2 – 10.
    The physician-patient relationship has changed over the last several decades, requiring a systematic reevaluation of the competing demands of patients, physicians, and families. In the era of genetic testing, using a model of patient care known as the family covenant may prove effective in accounting for these demands. The family covenant articulates the roles of the physician, patient, and the family prior to genetic testing, as the participants consensually define them. The initial agreement defines the boundaries of autonomy and benefit (...)
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  18.  19
    How Epigenetic Mutations Can Affect Genetic Evolution: Model and Mechanism.Filippos D. Klironomos, Johannes Berg & Sinéad Collins - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (6):571-578.
  19. Control of Epithelial Cell Structure and Developmental Fate: Lessons From Helicobacter Pylori.Hitomi Mimuro, Douglas E. Berg & Chihiro Sasakawa - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (6):515-520.
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  20.  22
    Solidaroty and Equity : New Ethical Frameworks for Genetic Databases.Ruth Chadwick & Kåre Berg - 2001 - .
    Genetic database initiatives have given rise to considerable debate about their potential harms and benefits. The question arises as to whether existing ethical frameworks are sufficient to mediate between the competing interests at stake. One approach is to strengthen mechanisms for obtaining informed consent and for protecting confidentiality. However, there is increasing interest in other ethical frameworks, involving solidarity — participation in research for the common good — and the sharing of the benefits of research.
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  21. Reflections on Asilomar 2 at Asilomar 3: Twenty-Five Years Later.Paul Berg - 2001 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 44 (2):183-185.
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  22.  24
    Human Subjects Protections in Biomedical Enhancement Research: Assessing Risk and Benefit and Obtaining Informed Consent.Maxwell J. Mehlman & Jessica W. Berg - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):546-549.
    The protection of human subjects in biomedical research relies on two principal mechanisms: assessing and comparing the risks and potential benefits of proposed research, and obtaining potential subjects' informed consent. While these have been discussed extensively in the literature, no attention has been paid to whether the processes should be different when the objective of an experimental biomedical intervention is to improve individual appearance, performance, or capability rather than to prevent, cure, or mitigate disease . This essay examines this question (...)
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  23.  12
    Ethical Problems: In the Face of Sudden and Unexpected Death.A. Rejno, L. Berg & E. Danielson - 2012 - Nursing Ethics 19 (5):642-653.
    When people die suddenly and unexpectedly ethical issues often come to the fore. The aim of the study was to describe experiences of members of stroke teams in stroke units of ethical problems and how the teams manage the situation when caring for patients faced with sudden and unexpected death from stroke. Data were collected through four focus group interviews with 19 team members in stroke-unit teams, and analysed using interpretive content analysis. Three themes emerged from the analysis characterized by (...)
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  24.  76
    A Behavioral Analysis of Degree of Reinforcement and Ease of Shifting to New Responses in a Weigl-Type Card-Sorting Problem.David A. Grant & Esta Berg - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):404.
  25. Writing in, Speaking Out: Communicating Qualitative Research Findings.Lawrence Berg & Juliana Mansvelt - 2000 - In Iain Hay (ed.), Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography. Oxford University Press.
  26.  12
    Finding Wilderness Through Games.Adam Berg - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 42 (1):137-151.
    In forms of physical recreation associated with ‘wilderness experiences’, such as backcountry hiking or mountain climbing, technology is omnipresent. As a result, some may wonder whether genuine wilderness experiences are possible. In this essay, I argue that wilderness experiences are possible and that they can be enhanced through games. That is, I contend there are often physically challenging aspects to wilderness experiences that certain games can help to promote. This analysis will stress the fact that Bernard Suits delineated two comparable (...)
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  27.  35
    Bolzano's Logic.Jan Berg - 1962 - Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksell.
  28.  71
    The Pragmatics of Substitutivity.Jonathan Berg - 1988 - Linguistics and Philosophy 11 (3):355 - 370.
  29.  33
    Public Affairs Management Activities of German Multinational Corporations in India.Nicola Berg & Dirk Holtbrügge - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 30 (1):105-119.
    In this paper the importance of public affairs management in multinational corporations in India will be examined. After briefly discussing the state of the art in international business and society literature, a conceptual framework for public affairs management in multinational corporations will be developed. This framework serves as the theoretical basis for an empirical study among German multinational corporations in India. In the main part of this paper the results of this study will be presented and discussed. The paper ends (...)
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  30.  7
    A Qualified Defense of Legal Disclosure Requirements.Jessica Berg - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (2):25 – 26.
  31.  11
    Production of Pluripotent Stem Cells by Oocyte-Assisted Reprogramming: Joint Statement with Signatories.H. Arkes, N. P. Austriaco, T. Berg, E. C. Brugger, N. M. Cameron, J. Capizzi, M. L. Condic, S. B. Condic, K. T. FitzGerald & K. Flannery - 2005 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 5 (3).
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  32. Book Review: Who Owns the Bible? Toward the Recovery of a Christian Hermeneutic. [REVIEW]Shane Berg - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (1):98-98.
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  33.  12
    Strategies for Handling Ethical Problems in Sudden and Unexpected Death.Åsa Rejnö, Ella Danielson & Linda Berg - 2013 - Nursing Ethics 20 (6):0969733012473770.
    How ethical praxis is shaped by different contexts and situations has not been widely studied. We performed a follow-up study on stroke team members’ experiences of ethical problems and how the teams managed the situation when caring for patients faced with sudden and unexpected death from stroke. A number of ways for handling ethical problems emerged, which we have now explored further. Data were collected through a three-part form used as base for individual interviews with 15 stroke team members and (...)
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  34. On an Argument Against Reduction Sentences.Jan Berg - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (1):118-120.
  35. Between the" God-of-the-Gaps" and a" Theory of Everything". A Theist Response to Scientific Limit Questions.C. Berg - 2005 - Pensamiento 61 (229).
     
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  36.  18
    Protecting Communities in Biomedical Research.Patricia A. Marshall & Jessica W. Berg - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):28 – 30.
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  37.  45
    From Bolzano's Point of View.Jan Berg - 2000 - The Monist 83 (1):47-67.
    This is a presentation of Bolzano's ideas on logic, logical semantics, ontology, proof theory, the foundations of mathematics, and certain aspects of the philosophy of nature. Bolzano's world view was a universal one in the sense that philosophy, mathematics, physics, and metaphysics should build upon the same logical foundation. In the pursuit of this encyclopaedic point of view he already recognized many of the essential things to come in logic and the foundations of mathematics.
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  38.  45
    Compressed Environments: Unbounded Optimizers Should Sometimes Ignore Information. [REVIEW]Nathan Berg & Ulrich Hoffrage - 2010 - Minds and Machines 20 (2):259-275.
    Given free information and unlimited processing power, should decision algorithms use as much information as possible? A formal model of the decision-making environment is developed to address this question and provide conditions under which informationally frugal algorithms, without any information or processing costs whatsoever, are optimal. One cause of compression that allows optimal algorithms to rationally ignore information is inverse movement of payoffs and probabilities (e.g., high payoffs occur with low probably and low payoffs occur with high probability). If inversely (...)
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  39.  17
    Legal and Ethical Complexities of Consent with Cognitively Impaired Research Subjects: Proposed Guidelines.Jessica Wilen Berg - 1996 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 24 (1):18-35.
  40.  12
    Introduction–Bodies on Trial: Performances and Politics in Medicine and Biology.Marc Berg & Madeleine Akrich - 2004 - Body and Society 10 (2-3):1-12.
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  41.  11
    Psychometric Evaluation of the Post‐Discharge Surgical Recovery Scale.Katarina Berg, Ewa Idvall, Ulrica Nilsson, Kristofer Franzén Årestedt & Mitra Unosson - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (4):794-801.
  42.  9
    Courage and Nursing Practice: A Theoretical Analysis.Inga-Britt Lindh, António Barbosa da Silva, Agneta Berg & Elisabeth Severinsson - 2010 - Nursing Ethics 17 (5):551-565.
    This article aims to deepen the understanding of courage through a theoretical analysis of classical philosophers’ work and a review of published and unpublished empirical research on courage in nursing. The authors sought answers to questions regarding how courage is understood from a philosophical viewpoint and how it is expressed in nursing actions. Four aspects were identified as relevant to a deeper understanding of courage in nursing practice: courage as an ontological concept, a moral virtue, a property of an ethical (...)
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  43. Ontology Without Ultrafilters and Possible Worlds: An Examination of Bolzano's Ontology.Jan Berg - 1992 - Academia.
  44.  52
    When Fodor Met Frege.Jonathan Berg - 2015 - Erkenntnis 80 (2):467-476.
    In the third chapter of LOT 2—"LOT Meets Frege's Problem "—Jerry Fodor argues that LOT provides a solution to "Frege's Problem," as well as to Kripke's Paderewski puzzle . I argue that most of what Fodor says in his discussion of Frege's problem is mistaken.
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  45.  19
    Differences Between Nurse and Patient Assessments on Postoperative Pain Management in Two Hospitals.Ewa Idvall, Katarina Berg, Mitra Unosson & Lars Brudin - 2005 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (5):444-451.
  46.  28
    Strange Bedfellows? Reflections on Bioethics' Role in Disaster Response Planning.Jessica Berg & Nicholas King - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):3 – 5.
    This essay considers the potential role of bioethics in disaster response planning and preparedness. Bioethicists can make substantial contributions, by ensuring that decision-making and distribution of resources during crises is carried out in a fair and just manner, as well as by examining the assumptions upon which disaster planning are based. Bioethicists should also be aware of potential pitfalls of overly-hasty engagement with this new field.
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  47.  27
    Church's Thesis Misconstrued.Jonathan Berg & Charles Chihara - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (5):357 - 362.
  48.  53
    First Person Authority, Externalism, and Wh-Knowledge.Jonathan Berg - 1998 - Dialectica 52 (1):41-44.
    SummaryThe apparent conflict between first person authority and externalism arises only from needlessly thinking of first person authority in terms of “knowing what.”.
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  49.  20
    Discourse Grammar and Verb Phrase Anaphora.Hub Prüst, Remko Scha & Martin Berg - 1994 - Linguistics and Philosophy 17 (3):261-327.
    We argue that an adequate treatment of verb phrase anaphora must depart in two major respects from the standard approaches. First of all, VP anaphors cannot be resolved by simply identifying the anaphoric VP with an antecedent VP. The resolution process must establish a syntactic/semantic parallelism between larger units that the VPs occur in. Secondly, discourse structure has a significant influence on the reference possibilities of VPA. This influence must be accounted for.We propose a treatment which meets these requirements. It (...)
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  50.  42
    In Search of a Corporate Moral Compass.Kati Tusinski Berg - forthcoming - Journal of Mass Media Ethics.
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