Search results for 'Choice (Psychology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ralph D. Ellis (2005). The Roles of Imagery and Metaemotion in Deliberate Choice and Moral Psychology. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):140-157.
    Understanding the role of emotion in reasoned, deliberate choice -- particularly moral experience -- requires three components: Meta-emotion, allowing self-generated voluntary imagery and/or narratives that in turn trigger first-order emotions we may not already have, but would like to have for moral or other reasons. Hardwired mammalian altruistic sentiments, necessary but not sufficient for moral motivation. Neuropsychological grounding for what Hume called 'love of truth,' with two important effects in humans: generalization of altruistic feelings beyond natural sympathy for conspecifics; (...)
     
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  2.  9
    Ivan Mladenovic (2010). Is There a Place for Psychology in the Framework of Rational Choice Theory? Filozofija I Društvo 21 (2):251-273.
    This paper aims to discuss psychological aspect of rational choice theory. The standard version of rational choice rests on a kind of psychology, since it operates with mental states. In standard davidsonian version it is claimed that we explain rational actions by stating proper desires and beliefs that caused the action. We will explore two challenges to the standard version that might be called cultural and naturalistic versions of rational choice. Satz and Ferejohn challenged standard version by (...)
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  3.  21
    Don Ross (2011). Estranged Parents and a Schizophrenic Child: Choice in Economics, Psychology and Neuroeconomics. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (3):217-231.
    Gul and Pesendorfer provide the best-known and most strident of a set of recent backlashes by economists against methodological revolutions promoted by some behavioural economists and neuroeconomists. Philosophers are likely to read these responses as merely reactionary, especially as their rhetoric goes beyond what their explicit argumentation validly supports. The present paper identifies the accurate insight on Gul and Pesendorfer's part that explains the impact of their philosophically ragged polemic. This centers on importantly different concepts of choice in the (...)
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  4.  23
    Paul F. Cunningham (2000). Animals in Psychology Education and Student Choice. Society and Animals 8 (2):191-212.
    This article identifies some of the important issues that underlie student-teacher conflicts regarding animal experimentation and dissection in psychology education. Understanding the reasons why students object to animal laboratories, why some teachers may refuse students access to non-animal alternatives, and why other teachers support student choice is an important first step in resolving student-teacher disputes regarding the use of animals in the psychology classroom. The article discusses why establishing an openly declared student choice policy at schools that use (...)
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  5. Chris Haufe (2008). Sexual Selection and Mate Choice in Evolutionary Psychology. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):115-128.
    The importance of mate choice and sexual selection has been emphasized by the majority of evolutionary psychologists. This paper assesses three cases of work on mate choice and sexual selection in evolutionary psychology: David Buss on cross-cultural human mate preferences, Randy Thornhill and Steve Gangestad on the link between mate preferences and fluctuating asymmetry, and Geoffrey Miller on the role of Fisher’s runaway process in human evolution. A mixture of conceptual and empirical problems in each case highlights the (...)
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  6.  29
    David K. Chan (ed.) (2008). Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer Verlag.
    This book brings together in one volume some of the very latest developments in moral psychology that were presented at a major American conference in 2004. Moral psychology is a broad area at the intersection of moral philosophy and philosophy of mind and action. Essays in this collection deal with most of the central issues in moral psychology that are of interest to a large number of philosophers today, including important questions in normative ethical theory, meta-ethics, and applied ethics.
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  7.  56
    Philippe Mongin (1991). Rational Choice Theory Considered as Psychology and Moral Philosophy. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (1):5-37.
    This article attempts to assess Jon Elster's contribution to rational choice in Ulysses and the Sirens and Sour Grapes. After reviewing Elster's analysis of functional versus intentional explanations, the essay moves on to the crucial distinction between the thin and broad theories of rationality. The former elabo rates on the traditional economist's preference / feasible set apparatus; the latter is the more demanding theory which inquires into the rationality of beliefs and preferences. Elster's approach to the broad theory normally (...)
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  8.  2
    Paul F. Cunninghaml (2000). Animals in Psychology Education and Student Choice. Society and Animals 8 (1):191-212.
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  9.  8
    Jack Zupko (1995). Freedom of Choice in Buridan's Moral Psychology. Mediaeval Studies 57 (1):75-99.
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  10.  1
    Alonzo Church (1960). Review: Frank Restle, Psychology of Judgment and Choice: A Theoretical Essay. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):257-257.
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  11.  1
    Beatrice Edgell (1928). The Phenomenology of Acts of Choice. By Honoria M. Wells . Monograph Supplement, British Journal of Psychology. (London: Cambridge University Press. 1927. Pp. 155. Price 10s. [REVIEW] Philosophy 3 (10):253-.
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  12. Alonzo Church (1960). Restle Frank. Psychology of Judgment and Choice: A Theoretical Essay. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York and London 1961, Xiii + 235 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):257.
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  13. David K. Chan (2008). Introduction: Moral Psychology Today. In Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer 1-13.
    This introduction by the editor to the essays in Moral Psychology Today describes what philosophy of action is about, followed by brief synopses of each essay in the volume.
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  14.  10
    Roberto Fumagalli (2016). Economics, Psychology, and the Unity of the Decision Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (2):103-128.
    In recent years, several authors have reconstructed the relationship between 20th-century economic theory and neuro-psychological research in terms of a three-stage narrative of initial unity, increasing separation, and ongoing reunification. In this article, I draw on major developments in economic theory and neuro-psychological research to provide a descriptive and normative critique of this reconstruction. Moreover, I put forward a reconstruction of the relationship between economics and neuro-psychology that, I claim, better fits both the available empirical evidence and the methodological foundations (...)
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  15.  24
    Michael A. Slote (1989). Beyond Optimizing: A Study of Rational Choice. Harvard University Press.
    Argues that rather than pursuing every optimizing choice, individuals use common sense in making decisions, and includes real-life examples.
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  16.  11
    Geert de Soete, Hubert Feger & Karl C. Klauer (eds.) (1989). New Developments in Psychological Choice Modeling. Distributors for the United States and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub..
    A selection of 15 papers on choice modeling are presented in this volume.
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  17.  6
    Renata Salecl (2010). Choice. Profile.
    Choice explores how late capitalism_s shrill exhortations to _be oneself_ can be a tyranny which only leads to ever-greater disquiet.Drawing on diverse examples ...
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  18.  42
    Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber (2013). A Mutualistic Approach to Morality: The Evolution of Fairness by Partner Choice. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):59-122.
    What makes humans moral beings? This question can be understood either as a proximate question or as an ultimate question. The question is about the mental and social mechanisms that produce moral judgments and interactions, and has been investigated by psychologists and social scientists. The question is about the fitness consequences that explain why humans have morality, and has been discussed by evolutionary biologists in the context of the evolution of cooperation. Our goal here is to contribute to a fruitful (...)
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  19.  43
    Alan Donagan (1987). Choice, the Essential Element in Human Action. Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    CHAPTER RATIONAL ANIMALS AND THEIR ACTIONS A. The Socratic tradition in the theory of human action The philosophical theory of human action begins with ...
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  20.  47
    David Hodgson (1991). The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World. Oxford Unversity Press.
    In this book, Hodgson presents a clear and compelling case against today's orthodox mechanistic view of the brain-mind, and in favor of the view that "the mind matters." In the course of the argument he ranges over such topics as consciousness, informal reasoning, computers, evolution, and quantum indeterminancy and non-locality. Although written from a philosophical viewpoint, the book has important implications for the sciences concerned with the brain-mind problem. At the same time, it is largely non-technical, and thus accessible to (...)
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  21. Gidon Gottlieb (1968). The Logic of Choice: An Investigation of the Concepts of Rule and Rationality. London, Allen and Unwin.
     
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  22. Robert Nozick (1990). The Normative Theory of Individual Choice. Garland.
     
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  23.  36
    Sarah Lichtenstein & Paul Slovic (eds.) (2006). The Construction of Preference. Cambridge University Press.
    One of the main themes that has emerged from behavioral decision research during the past three decades is the view that people's preferences are often constructed in the process of elicitation. This idea is derived from studies demonstrating that normatively equivalent methods of elicitation (e.g., choice and pricing) give rise to systematically different responses. These preference reversals violate the principle of procedure invariance that is fundamental to all theories of rational choice. If different elicitation procedures produce different orderings (...)
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  24. Earl C. [from old catalog] Cunningham (1967). Making Choice Intelligent. Dubuque, Iowa, W.C. Brown Book Co..
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  25. John Dagsvik (1983). Discrete Dynamic Choice: An Extension of the Choice Models of Thurstone and Luce. I Kommisjon Hos H. Aschehoug Og Universitetsforlaget.
     
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  26.  13
    E. Rae Harcum (1994). A Psychology of Freedom and Dignity: The Last Train to Survival. Praeger.
    Harcum sounds an alarm against society continuing to look to rigorous conceptions of science as the way to solutions for our social problems, and advocates the ...
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  27.  71
    Philip Pettit (2002). Rules, Reasons, and Norms: Selected Essays. Clarendon Press.
    Pettit presents a selection of essays touching upon metaphysics, philosophical psychology, and the theory of rational regulation. The first part of the book discusses the rule-following character of thought. The second considers how choice can be responsive to different sorts of factors, while still being under the control of thought. The third examines the implications of this view of choice and rationality for the normative regulation of social behavior.
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  28. Adam Morton (1996). Folk Psychology is Not a Predictive Device. Mind 105 (417):119-37.
    I argue that folk psychology does not serve the purpose of facilitating prediction of others' behaviour but if facilitating cooperative action. (See my subsequent book *The Importance of Being Understood*.
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  29.  6
    Marc Scholten, Daniel Read & Adam Sanborn (2014). Weighing Outcomes by Time or Against Time? Evaluation Rules in Intertemporal Choice. Cognitive Science 38 (3):399-438.
    Models of intertemporal choice draw on three evaluation rules, which we compare in the restricted domain of choices between smaller sooner and larger later monetary outcomes. The hyperbolic discounting model proposes an alternative-based rule, in which options are evaluated separately. The interval discounting model proposes a hybrid rule, in which the outcomes are evaluated separately, but the delays to those outcomes are evaluated in comparison with one another. The tradeoff model proposes an attribute-based rule, in which both outcomes and (...)
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  30.  7
    László Zsolnai (2008). Responsible Decision Making: Praxiology: The International Annual of Practical Philosophy and Methodology, Vol. 16. Transaction Publishers.
    Introduction: Responsibility and choice -- The idea of moral responsibility -- Complex choice situations -- Differing types of responsibility -- Hans Jonas' idea of "caring for beings" -- The moral experience of women -- Criticizing rational choice -- The rational choice model 5 -- Bounded rationality -- Myopic and deficient choices -- Violations of the axioms -- Rational fools -- The strategic role of emotions -- Social norms -- The communitarian challenge -- Duty, self-interest, and love (...)
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  31. Margaret A. Boden (1981). Minds And Mechanisms: Philosophical Psychology And Computational Models. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  32.  33
    Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & Alan M. Leslie (1995). Choice Effects and the Ineffectiveness of Simulation. Mind and Language 10 (4):437-45.
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  33.  10
    Anton Kühberger, Josef Perner, Michael Schulte & Robert Leingruber (1995). Choice or No Choice: Is the Langer Effect Evidence Against Simulation? Mind and Language 10 (4):423-436.
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  34. Duncan Black, Gordon L. Brady & Gordon Tullock (1996). Formal Contributions to the Theory of Public Choice the Unpublished Works of Duncan Black.
     
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  35. Nuel D. Belnap (2001). Facing the Future: Agents and Choices in Our Indeterminist World. Oxford University Press on Demand.
    Here is an important new theory of human action, a theory that assumes actions are founded on choices made by agents who face an open future.
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  36.  62
    George Ainslie (2001). Breakdown of Will. Cambridge University Press.
    Ainslie argues that our responses to the threat of our own inconsistency determine the basic fabric of human culture. He suggests that individuals are more like populations of bargaining agents than like the hierarchical command structures envisaged by cognitive psychologists. The forces that create and constrain these populations help us understand so much that is puzzling in human action and interaction: from addictions and other self-defeating behaviors to the experience of willfulness, from pathological over-control and self-deception to subtler forms of (...)
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  37. J. E. R. Staddon (ed.) (1980). Limits to Action, the Allocation of Individual Behavior. Academic Press.
     
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  38.  70
    E. J. Lowe (2008). Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action. Oxford University Press.
    This theory accords to volitions the status of basic mental actions, maintaining that these are spontaneous exercises of the will--a "two-way" power which ...
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  39.  69
    Kalle Grill (2014). Expanding the Nudge: Designing Choice Contexts and Choice Contents. Rationality, Markets and Morals 5:139-162.
    To nudge is to design choice contexts in order to improve choice outcomes. Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein emphatically endorse nudging but reject more restrictive means. In contrast, I argue that the behavioral psychology that motivates nudging also motivates what may be called jolting — i.e. the design of choice content. I defend nudging and jolting by distinguishing them from the sometimes oppressive means with which they can be implemented, by responding to some common arguments against nudging, (...)
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  40.  1
    Jason Shepard & Aneyn O’Grady (2017). What Kinds of Alternative Possibilities Are Required of the Folk Concept of Choice? Consciousness and Cognition 48:138-148.
    Our concept of choice is integral to the way we understand others and ourselves, especially when considering ourselves as free and responsible agents. Despite the importance of this concept, there has been little empirical work on it. In this paper we report four experiments that provide evidence for two concepts of choice—namely, a concept of choice that is operative in the phrase having a choice and another that is operative in the phrase making a choice. (...)
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  41.  14
    Keith Campbell (1986). Can Intuitive Psychology Survive the Growth of Neuroscience? Inquiry 29 (June):143-152.
    This paper considers the impact which developments in neuroscience seem likely to have on our inherited, intuitive psychology ? the system of beliefs called ?folk psychology? by enthusiasts for its elimination. The paper argues that while closer relations between a developing genuinely scientific cognitive psychology and a burgeoning neurological understanding are to be welcomed, physiology will not reduce psychology, and the concepts belonging to intuitive psychology will be transformed and enriched, but not discredited or discarded, when psychology, in its cognitive (...)
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  42. Hillel Steiner (1994). An Essay on Rights. Oxford, Uk ;Blackwell.
    This book addresses the perennial question: What is justice?
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  43.  39
    Richmond Campbell & Lanning Snowden (eds.) (1985). Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation: Prisoner's Dilemma and Newcomb's Problem. University of British Columbia Press.
    1 Background for the Uninitiated RICHMOND CAMPBELL Paradoxes are intrinsically fascinating. They are also distinctively ...
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  44. Sheena Iyengar (2010). The Art of Choosing. Twelve.
    The call of the wild -- A stranger in strange lands -- Song of myself -- Senses and sensibilities -- I, robot -- Lord of the things -- And then there were none.
     
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  45.  11
    Jon Elster (2007). Agir Contre Soi: La Faiblesse de Volonté. O. Jacob.
    Sur un problème classique - la possibilité du mal en connaissance de cause -, Jon Elster déploie toute la finesse et la puissance des outils philosophiques contemporains pour proposer un tableau complet des facteurs expliquant cette ...
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  46.  64
    Cristina Bicchieri (2006). Philosophy: What is to Be Done? [REVIEW] Topoi 25 (1-2):21-23.
    The isolation and professionalization of philosophy is detrimental to it. The most interesting philosophical activity is conducted at the interface of philosophy and other disciplines. Thus philosophy must continue to cross boundaries and avoid fretting about what is and is not philosophy proper.
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  47.  32
    J. S. Biehl (2008). The Insignificance of Choice. In David Chan (ed.), Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Value, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer 110--75.
    For some time, philosophers have sought a more satisfactory understanding of the mysteries of morality through a close analysis of its assumed kinship with practical rationality, via the psychological capacity of choice. It is the view in the present paper that no such understanding is possible by these means. The significance of morality has nothing to do with choice.
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  48.  23
    Naomi M. Meara (1989). Selected Theoretical and Philosophical Aspects of Counseling Psychology: A Personal View. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 9 (2):48-52.
    Counseling Psychologists have often reflected upon the special perspectives and philosophical aspects of their specialty. From the variance of our roots to the diversity of our current activities through the conflicts of contemporary psychology there is a certain stability of purpose and unity of belief about the crucial aspects of our area. Our view of human action sees persons as agents capable of managing and enhancing their inner selves, important commitments, interpersonal relationships and their world of work. This view doesn't (...)
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  49. Ronda Chervin (1975). The Art of Choosing: Guidelines for Making Life Decisions. Liguori Publications.
     
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  50. Elizabeth Boyden Howes (1973). Man the Choicemaker. Philadelphia,Westminster Press.
     
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