Results for 'Choice (Psychology'

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  1. The Roles of Imagery and Metaemotion in Deliberate Choice and Moral Psychology.Ralph D. Ellis - 2005 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (8-10):140-157.
    Understanding the role of emotion in reasoned, deliberate choice -- particularly moral experience -- requires three components: Meta-emotion, allowing self-generated voluntary imagery and/or narratives that in turn trigger first-order emotions we may not already have, but would like to have for moral or other reasons. Hardwired mammalian altruistic sentiments, necessary but not sufficient for moral motivation. Neuropsychological grounding for what Hume called 'love of truth,' with two important effects in humans: generalization of altruistic feelings beyond natural sympathy for conspecifics; (...)
     
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  2.  20
    Is There a Place for Psychology in the Framework of Rational Choice Theory?Ivan Mladenovic - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (2):251-273.
    This paper aims to discuss psychological aspect of rational choice theory. The standard version of rational choice rests on a kind of psychology, since it operates with mental states. In standard davidsonian version it is claimed that we explain rational actions by stating proper desires and beliefs that caused the action. We will explore two challenges to the standard version that might be called cultural and naturalistic versions of rational choice. Satz and Ferejohn challenged standard version by (...)
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  3.  28
    Estranged Parents and a Schizophrenic Child: Choice in Economics, Psychology and Neuroeconomics.Don Ross - 2011 - Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (3):217-231.
    Gul and Pesendorfer provide the best-known and most strident of a set of recent backlashes by economists against methodological revolutions promoted by some behavioural economists and neuroeconomists. Philosophers are likely to read these responses as merely reactionary, especially as their rhetoric goes beyond what their explicit argumentation validly supports. The present paper identifies the accurate insight on Gul and Pesendorfer's part that explains the impact of their philosophically ragged polemic. This centers on importantly different concepts of choice in the (...)
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  4.  46
    Animals in Psychology Education and Student Choice.Paul Cunningham - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (2):191-212.
    This article identifies some of the important issues that underlie student-teacher conflicts regarding animal experimentation and dissection in psychology education. Understanding the reasons why students object to animal laboratories, why some teachers may refuse students access to non-animal alternatives, and why other teachers support student choice is an important first step in resolving student-teacher disputes regarding the use of animals in the psychology classroom. The article discusses why establishing an openly declared student choice policy at schools that use (...)
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  5.  4
    Animals in Psychology Education and Student Choice.Paul F. Cunninghaml - 2000 - Society and Animals 8 (1):191-212.
    This article identifies some of the important issues that underlie student-teacher conflicts regarding animal experimentation and dissection in psychology education. Understanding the reasons why students object to animal laboratories, why some teachers may refuse students access to non-animal alternatives, and why other teachers support student choice is an important first step in resolving student-teacher disputes regarding the use of animals in the psychology classroom. The article discusses why establishing an openly declared student choice policy at schools that use (...)
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  6. Sexual Selection and Mate Choice in Evolutionary Psychology.Chris Haufe - 2008 - Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):115-128.
    The importance of mate choice and sexual selection has been emphasized by the majority of evolutionary psychologists. This paper assesses three cases of work on mate choice and sexual selection in evolutionary psychology: David Buss on cross-cultural human mate preferences, Randy Thornhill and Steve Gangestad on the link between mate preferences and fluctuating asymmetry, and Geoffrey Miller on the role of Fisher’s runaway process in human evolution. A mixture of conceptual and empirical problems in each case highlights the (...)
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  7.  45
    Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will.David K. Chan (ed.) - 2008 - Springer Verlag.
    This book brings together in one volume some of the very latest developments in moral psychology that were presented at a major American conference in 2004. Moral psychology is a broad area at the intersection of moral philosophy and philosophy of mind and action. Essays in this collection deal with most of the central issues in moral psychology that are of interest to a large number of philosophers today, including important questions in normative ethical theory, meta-ethics, and applied ethics.
  8.  69
    Rational Choice Theory Considered as Psychology and Moral Philosophy.Philippe Mongin - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (1):5-37.
    This article attempts to assess Jon Elster's contribution to rational choice in Ulysses and the Sirens and Sour Grapes. After reviewing Elster's analysis of functional versus intentional explanations, the essay moves on to the crucial distinction between the thin and broad theories of rationality. The former elabo rates on the traditional economist's preference / feasible set apparatus; the latter is the more demanding theory which inquires into the rationality of beliefs and preferences. Elster's approach to the broad theory normally (...)
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  9.  15
    Freedom of Choice in Buridan's Moral Psychology.Jack Zupko - 1995 - Mediaeval Studies 57 (1):75-99.
  10.  2
    The Phenomenology of Acts of Choice. By Honoria M. Wells . Monograph Supplement, British Journal of Psychology. (London: Cambridge University Press. 1927. Pp. 155. Price 10s. [REVIEW]Beatrice Edgell - 1928 - Philosophy 3 (10):253-.
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  11.  1
    Review: Frank Restle, Psychology of Judgment and Choice: A Theoretical Essay. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):257-257.
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  12. Restle Frank. Psychology of Judgment and Choice: A Theoretical Essay. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York and London 1961, Xiii + 235 Pp. [REVIEW]Alonzo Church - 1960 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 25 (3):257-257.
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  13.  16
    Introduction: Moral Psychology Today.David K. Chan - 2008 - In Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Values, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer. pp. 1-13.
    This introduction by the editor to the essays in Moral Psychology Today describes what philosophy of action is about, followed by brief synopses of each essay in the volume.
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  14.  23
    Economics, Psychology, and the Unity of the Decision Sciences.Roberto Fumagalli - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (2):103-128.
    In recent years, several authors have reconstructed the relationship between 20th-century economic theory and neuro-psychological research in terms of a three-stage narrative of initial unity, increasing separation, and ongoing reunification. In this article, I draw on major developments in economic theory and neuro-psychological research to provide a descriptive and normative critique of this reconstruction. Moreover, I put forward a reconstruction of the relationship between economics and neuro-psychology that, I claim, better fits both the available empirical evidence and the methodological foundations (...)
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  15. Auf die Couch: Beziehungsprobleme zwischen Rational Choice und Politischer Psychologie.Christine Tiefensee & Johannes Marx - 2015 - In Thorsten Faas, Cornelia Frank & Harald Schoen (eds.), Politische Psychologie. PVS Sonderheft 50. Baden-Baden: Nomos. pp. 506-527.
    Political psychology and rational choice approaches are often regarded as standing in direct competition with one another. In this paper, we put this postulated rivalry to the test by examining the conditions which would need to be fulfilled so as to set up a conflict between political psychology and rational choice. Since our analysis shows that the perceived competition rests on a mistaken conception of the respective approaches, we argue that our main aim should be to investigate how (...)
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  16.  34
    Beyond Optimizing: A Study of Rational Choice.Michael A. Slote - 1989 - Harvard University Press.
    Argues that rather than pursuing every optimizing choice, individuals use common sense in making decisions, and includes real-life examples.
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  17.  7
    Choice.Renata Salecl - 2010 - Profile.
    Choice explores how late capitalism_s shrill exhortations to _be oneself_ can be a tyranny which only leads to ever-greater disquiet.Drawing on diverse examples ...
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  18.  20
    New Developments in Psychological Choice Modeling.Geert de Soete, Hubert Feger & Karl C. Klauer (eds.) - 1989 - Distributors for the United States and Canada, Elsevier Science.
    A selection of 15 papers on choice modeling are presented in this volume.
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  19.  63
    Choice: The Essential Element in Human Action.Alan Donagan - 1987 - Routledge.
    This book, first published in 1987, investigates what distinguishes the part of human behaviour that is action from the part that is not. The distinction was clearly drawn by Socrates, and developed by Aristotle and the medievals, but key elements of their work became obscured in modern philosophy, and were not fully recovered when, under Wittgenstein’s influence, the theory of action was revived in analytical philosophy. This study aims to recover those elements, and to analyse them in terms of a (...)
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  20.  70
    The Construction of Preference.Sarah Lichtenstein & Paul Slovic (eds.) - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    One of the main themes that has emerged from behavioral decision research during the past three decades is the view that people's preferences are often constructed in the process of elicitation. This idea is derived from studies demonstrating that normatively equivalent methods of elicitation (e.g., choice and pricing) give rise to systematically different responses. These preference reversals violate the principle of procedure invariance that is fundamental to all theories of rational choice. If different elicitation procedures produce different orderings (...)
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  21.  93
    The Mind Matters: Consciousness and Choice in a Quantum World.David Hodgson - 1991 - Oxford Unversity Press.
    In this book, Hodgson presents a clear and compelling case against today's orthodox mechanistic view of the brain-mind, and in favor of the view that "the mind matters." In the course of the argument he ranges over such topics as consciousness, informal reasoning, computers, evolution, and quantum indeterminancy and non-locality. Although written from a philosophical viewpoint, the book has important implications for the sciences concerned with the brain-mind problem. At the same time, it is largely non-technical, and thus accessible to (...)
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  22. The Logic of Choice: An Investigation of the Concepts of Rule and Rationality.Gidon Gottlieb - 1968 - London: Allen & Unwin.
     
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  23. The Normative Theory of Individual Choice.Robert Nozick - 1990 - Garland.
  24. Making Choice Intelligent.Earl C. [from old catalog] Cunningham - 1967 - Dubuque, Iowa, W.C. Brown Book Co..
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  25. Discrete Dynamic Choice: An Extension of the Choice Models of Thurstone and Luce.John Dagsvik - 1983 - I Kommisjon Hos H. Aschehoug Og Universitetsforlaget.
     
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  26.  18
    A Psychology of Freedom and Dignity: The Last Train to Survival.E. Rae Harcum - 1994 - Praeger.
    Harcum sounds an alarm against society continuing to look to rigorous conceptions of science as the way to solutions for our social problems, and advocates the ...
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  27. A Mutualistic Approach to Morality: The Evolution of Fairness by Partner Choice.Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):59-122.
    What makes humans moral beings? This question can be understood either as a proximate question or as an ultimate question. The question is about the mental and social mechanisms that produce moral judgments and interactions, and has been investigated by psychologists and social scientists. The question is about the fitness consequences that explain why humans have morality, and has been discussed by evolutionary biologists in the context of the evolution of cooperation. Our goal here is to contribute to a fruitful (...)
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  28.  81
    Rules, Reasons, and Norms: Selected Essays.Philip Pettit - 2002 - Clarendon Press.
    Pettit presents a selection of essays touching upon metaphysics, philosophical psychology, and the theory of rational regulation. The first part of the book discusses the rule-following character of thought. The second considers how choice can be responsive to different sorts of factors, while still being under the control of thought. The third examines the implications of this view of choice and rationality for the normative regulation of social behavior.
  29. Folk Psychology is Not a Predictive Device.Adam Morton - 1996 - Mind 105 (417):119-37.
    I argue that folk psychology does not serve the purpose of facilitating prediction of others' behaviour but if facilitating cooperative action. (See my subsequent book *The Importance of Being Understood*.
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  30.  18
    Weighing Outcomes by Time or Against Time? Evaluation Rules in Intertemporal Choice.Marc Scholten, Daniel Read & Adam Sanborn - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (3):399-438.
    Models of intertemporal choice draw on three evaluation rules, which we compare in the restricted domain of choices between smaller sooner and larger later monetary outcomes. The hyperbolic discounting model proposes an alternative-based rule, in which options are evaluated separately. The interval discounting model proposes a hybrid rule, in which the outcomes are evaluated separately, but the delays to those outcomes are evaluated in comparison with one another. The tradeoff model proposes an attribute-based rule, in which both outcomes and (...)
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  31.  13
    Responsible Decision Making: Praxiology: The International Annual of Practical Philosophy and Methodology, Vol. 16.László Zsolnai - 2008 - Transaction Publishers.
    Introduction: Responsibility and choice -- The idea of moral responsibility -- Complex choice situations -- Differing types of responsibility -- Hans Jonas' idea of "caring for beings" -- The moral experience of women -- Criticizing rational choice -- The rational choice model 5 -- Bounded rationality -- Myopic and deficient choices -- Violations of the axioms -- Rational fools -- The strategic role of emotions -- Social norms -- The communitarian challenge -- Duty, self-interest, and love (...)
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  32. Minds And Mechanisms: Philosophical Psychology And Computational Models.Margaret A. Boden - 1981 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  33.  36
    Choice Effects and the Ineffectiveness of Simulation.Shaun Nichols, Stephen P. Stich & Alan M. Leslie - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):437-45.
  34.  17
    Choice or No Choice: Is the Langer Effect Evidence Against Simulation?Anton Kühberger, Josef Perner, Michael Schulte & Robert Leingruber - 1995 - Mind and Language 10 (4):423-436.
  35. Formal Contributions to the Theory of Public Choice the Unpublished Works of Duncan Black.Duncan Black, Gordon L. Brady & Gordon Tullock - 1996
     
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  36. Facing the Future: Agents and Choices in Our Indeterminist World.Nuel Belnap - 2001 - Oxford University Press on Demand.
    Here is an important new theory of human action, a theory that assumes actions are founded on choices made by agents who face an open future.
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  37. Limits to Action, the Allocation of Individual Behavior.J. E. R. Staddon (ed.) - 1980 - Academic Press.
  38. What Kinds of Alternative Possibilities Are Required of the Folk Concept of Choice?Jason Shepard & Aneyn O’Grady - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:138-148.
    Our concept of choice is integral to the way we understand others and ourselves, especially when considering ourselves as free and responsible agents. Despite the importance of this concept, there has been little empirical work on it. In this paper we report four experiments that provide evidence for two concepts of choice—namely, a concept of choice that is operative in the phrase having a choice and another that is operative in the phrase making a choice. (...)
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  39.  84
    Personal Agency: The Metaphysics of Mind and Action.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    This theory accords to volitions the status of basic mental actions, maintaining that these are spontaneous exercises of the will--a "two-way" power which ...
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  40. Why Do Humans Reason? Arguments for an Argumentative Theory.Dan Sperber - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (2):57.
    Short abstract (98 words). Reasoning is generally seen as a means to improve knowledge and make better decisions. However, much evidence shows that reasoning often leads to epistemic distortions and poor decisions. This suggests that the function of reasoning should be rethought. Our hypothesis is that the function of reasoning is argumentative. It is to devise and evaluate arguments intended to persuade. Reasoning so conceived is adaptive given humans’ exceptional dependence on communication and vulnerability to misinformation. A wide range of (...)
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  41. Expanding the Nudge: Designing Choice Contexts and Choice Contents.Kalle Grill - 2014 - Rationality, Markets and Morals 5:139-162.
    To nudge is to design choice contexts in order to improve choice outcomes. Richard Thaler and Cass Sunstein emphatically endorse nudging but reject more restrictive means. In contrast, I argue that the behavioral psychology that motivates nudging also motivates what may be called jolting — i.e. the design of choice content. I defend nudging and jolting by distinguishing them from the sometimes oppressive means with which they can be implemented, by responding to some common arguments against nudging, (...)
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  42.  5
    Talking Green and Acting Green Are Two Different Things: An Experimental Investigation of the Relationship Between Implicit and Explicit Attitudes and Low Carbon Consumer Choice.Laura McGuire & Geoffrey Beattie - 2019 - Semiotica 2019 (227):99-125.
    One major assumption in the climate change debate is that because respondents report positive attitudes to the environment and to low carbon lifestyles they will subsequently engage in environmentally friendly/low carbon behaviors when given the right guidance or information. Many governmental agencies have based their climate change strategy on this basic assumption, despite some anxiety about the value-action gap in psychology more generally. Here we test this assumption. We investigated the relationship between explicit and implicit attitudes to carbon footprint, and (...)
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  43.  23
    Can Intuitive Psychology Survive the Growth of Neuroscience?Keith Campbell - 1986 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 29 (June):143-152.
    This paper considers the impact which developments in neuroscience seem likely to have on our inherited, intuitive psychology ? the system of beliefs called ?folk psychology? by enthusiasts for its elimination. The paper argues that while closer relations between a developing genuinely scientific cognitive psychology and a burgeoning neurological understanding are to be welcomed, physiology will not reduce psychology, and the concepts belonging to intuitive psychology will be transformed and enriched, but not discredited or discarded, when psychology, in its cognitive (...)
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  44. An Essay on Rights.Hillel Steiner - 1994 - Oxford, Uk ;Blackwell.
    This book addresses the perennial question: What is justice?
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  45.  67
    Paradoxes of Rationality and Cooperation: Prisoner's Dilemma and Newcomb's Problem.Richmond Campbell & Lanning Snowden (eds.) - 1985 - University of British Columbia Press.
    1 Background for the Uninitiated RICHMOND CAMPBELL Paradoxes are intrinsically fascinating. They are also distinctively ...
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  46. The Art of Choosing.Sheena Iyengar - 2010 - Twelve.
    The call of the wild -- A stranger in strange lands -- Song of myself -- Senses and sensibilities -- I, robot -- Lord of the things -- And then there were none.
     
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  47.  3
    How Does Evidence-Based Practice in Psychology Work? – As an Ethical Demarcation.Henrik Berg - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-21.
    ABSTRACTEvidence-based practice in psychology is ordinarily understood to demarcate between legitimate and illegitimate psychotherapy practice, based upon the epistemic demarcation distinguishing scientific from non-scientific knowledge. EBPP emphasizes the value of effective and efficient interventions identified through randomized controlled trials and cost-benefit analyses. Basing the template for choice of action or strategy on randomized controlled trials and cost-benefit analyses create a deceptive appearance of ethical neutrality. However, there is an implicit ethical demarcation at work in EBPP, which favors a non-articulated (...)
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  48.  25
    Agir Contre Soi: La Faiblesse de Volonté.Jon Elster - 2007 - O. Jacob.
    Sur un problème classique - la possibilité du mal en connaissance de cause -, Jon Elster déploie toute la finesse et la puissance des outils philosophiques contemporains pour proposer un tableau complet des facteurs expliquant cette ...
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  49. Philosophy: What is to Be Done? [REVIEW]Cristina Bicchieri - 2006 - Topoi 25 (1-2):21-23.
    The isolation and professionalization of philosophy is detrimental to it. The most interesting philosophical activity is conducted at the interface of philosophy and other disciplines. Thus philosophy must continue to cross boundaries and avoid fretting about what is and is not philosophy proper.
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  50.  43
    The Insignificance of Choice.J. S. Biehl - 2008 - In David Chan (ed.), Moral Psychology Today: Essays on Value, Rational Choice, and the Will. Springer. pp. 110--75.
    For some time, philosophers have sought a more satisfactory understanding of the mysteries of morality through a close analysis of its assumed kinship with practical rationality, via the psychological capacity of choice. It is the view in the present paper that no such understanding is possible by these means. The significance of morality has nothing to do with choice.
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