Results for 'Choice see Decision'

999 found
Order:
  1.  8
    If You Can’T See the Forest for the Trees, You Might Just Cut Down the Forest: The Perils of Forced Choice on “Seemingly” Unethical Decision-Making.Michael O. Wood, Theodore J. Noseworthy & Scott R. Colwell - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 118 (3):515-527.
    Why do otherwise well-intentioned managers make decisions that have negative social or environmental consequences? To answer this question, the authors combine the literature on construal level theory with the compromise effect to explore the circumstances that lead to seemingly unethical decision-making. The results of two studies suggest that the degree to which managers make high-risk tradeoffs is highly influenced by how they mentally represent the decision context. The authors find that managers are more likely to make seemingly unethical (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  2.  15
    As Economists, We Should Have Been Disturbed by My Friend's Comment Because There is No Place for Willpower in Economics or Rational Choice Theory. Economists and Others Who Embrace the Decision-Making Perspective See Behavior as a Matter of Simply.George Loewenstein - 2000 - Law and Philosophy 19:51-76.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  3.  68
    What Are the Minimal Requirements of Rational Choice? Arguments From the Sequential-Decision Setting.Katie Siobhan Steele - 2010 - Theory and Decision 68 (4):463-487.
    There are at least two plausible generalisations of subjective expected utility (SEU) theory: cumulative prospect theory (which relaxes the independence axiom) and Levi’s decision theory (which relaxes at least ordering). These theories call for a re-assessment of the minimal requirements of rational choice. Here, I consider how an analysis of sequential decision making contributes to this assessment. I criticise Hammond’s (Economica 44(176):337–350, 1977; Econ Philos 4:292–297, 1988a; Risk, decision and rationality, 1988b; Theory Decis 25:25–78, 1988c) ‘consequentialist’ (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  4.  61
    Shared Decision Making, Paternalism and Patient Choice.Lars Sandman & Christian Munthe - 2010 - Health Care Analysis 18 (1):60-84.
    In patient centred care, shared decision making is a central feature and widely referred to as a norm for patient centred medical consultation. However, it is far from clear how to distinguish SDM from standard models and ideals for medical decision making, such as paternalism and patient choice, and e.g., whether paternalism and patient choice can involve a greater degree of the sort of sharing involved in SDM and still retain their essential features. In the article, (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   24 citations  
  5. Sequential Choice and the Agent's Perspective.Arif Ahmed - manuscript
    Causal Decision Theory reckons the choice-worthiness of an option to be completely independent of its evidential bearing on its non-effects. But after one has made a choice this bearing is relevant to future decisions. Therefore it is possible to construct problems of sequential choice in which Causal Decision Theory makes a guaranteed loss. So Causal Decision Theory is wrong. The source of the problem is the idea that agents have a special perspective on their (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6.  62
    The Collapsing Choice Theory: Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making. [REVIEW]Jeffrey M. Stibel, Itiel E. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
    Decision making theory in general, and mental models in particular, associate judgment and choice. Decision choice follows probability estimates and errors in choice derive mainly from errors in judgment. In the studies reported here we use the Monty Hall dilemma to illustrate that judgment and choice do not always go together, and that such a dissociation can lead to better decision-making. Specifically, we demonstrate that in certain decision problems, exceeding working memory limitations (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  7.  94
    Decision Making and Business Ethics: The Implications of Using Image Theory in Preference to Rational Choice[REVIEW]Kevin Morrell - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 50 (3):239-252.
    The study of decision making has multiple implications for business ethics. This paper outlines some commonly used frameworks for understanding choice in business. It characterises the dominant model for business decision making as rational choice theory (RCT) and contrasts this with a more recent, naturalistic theory of decision-making, image theory. The implications of using RCT and image theory to model decision making are discussed with reference to three ethical systems. RCT is shown to be (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   8 citations  
  8.  73
    Decision Theory and Cognitive Choice.John R. Welch - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (2):147-172.
    The focus of this study is cognitive choice: the selection of one cognitive option (a hypothesis, a theory, or an axiom, for instance) rather than another. The study proposes that cognitive choice should be based on the plausibilities of states posited by rival cognitive options and the utilities of these options' information outcomes. The proposal introduces a form of decision theory that is novel because comparative; it permits many choices among cognitive options to be based on merely (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  9.  12
    A Comparison of Two Payoff Functions on Multiple-Choice Decision Behavior.David M. Messick & Amnon Rapoport - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (1):75.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  10.  10
    Influence of Stimulus and Response Probability on Decision and Movement Latency in a Discrete Choice Reaction Task.A. R. Blackman - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (1):128.
  11.  17
    Supplementary Report: Two-Choice Decision Behavior with Many Alternative Events.R. Allen Gardner & John B. Forsythe - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):631.
  12. Decision Theory and Social Ethics Issues in Social Choice.Hans W. Gottinger, Werner Leinfellner & Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften - 1978
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  13.  8
    Information Encoding and Decision Time as Variables in Human Choice Behavior.Louis M. Herman - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):718.
  14.  4
    Expected Value and Response Uncertainty in Multiple-Choice Decision Behavior.David M. Messick & Amnon Rapaport - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (2):224.
  15.  33
    Applying the Benchmarking Procedure: A Decision Criterion of Choice Under Risk. [REVIEW]Francesca Beccacece & Alessandra Cillo - 2006 - Theory and Decision 61 (1):75-91.
    Modeling risk in a prescriptively plausible way represents a major issue in decision theory. The benchmarking procedure, being based on the satisficing principle and providing a probabilistic interpretation of expected utility (EU) theory, is prescriptive. Because it is a target-based language, the benchmarking procedure can be applied naturally to finance. In finance, the centrality of risk is widely recognized, but the risk measures that are commonly used to assess risk are too poor as a decision making tool. In (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  13
    Cognitive Models of Choice: Comparing Decision Field Theory to the Proportional Difference Model.Benjamin Scheibehenne, Jörg Rieskamp & Claudia González-Vallejo - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (5):911-939.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  17.  9
    A New Apparatus for Measuring Choice and Decision.M. F. Hausmann - 1932 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (2):218.
  18.  67
    Independence and Interdependence in Collective Decision Making: An Agent-Based Model of Nest-Site Choice by Honey Bee Swarms.Christian List, Christian Elsholtz & Thomas Seeley - 2009 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 364:755-762.
    Condorcet's classic jury theorem shows that when the members of a group have noisy but independent information about what is best for the group as a whole, majority decisions tend to outperform dictatorial ones. When voting is supplemented by communication, however, the resulting interdependencies between decision-makers can strengthen or undermine this effect: they can facilitate information pooling, but also amplify errors. We consider an intriguing non-human case of independent information pooling combined with communication: the case of nest-site choice (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  19. Pitfalls for Realistic Decision Theory: An Illustration From Sequential Choice.José Bermúdez - 2010 - Synthese 176 (1):23-40.
    Decision theory is a theory of rationality, but the concept of rationality has several different dimensions. Making decision theory more realistic with respect to one dimension may well have the result of making it less realistic in another dimension. This paper illustrates this tension in the context of sequential choice. Trying to make decision theory more realistic by accommodating resoluteness and commitment brings the normative assessment dimension of rationality into conflict with the action-guiding dimension. In the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  20.  19
    The Choice Architecture of Sustainable and Responsible Investment: Nudging Investors Toward Ethical Decision-Making.Herwig Pilaj - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (4):743-753.
    This paper applies insights from behavioral economics and nudge theory to foster sustainable and responsible investment. SRI provides an opportunity to express and promote ethical values via choice of financial instruments. While policy-makers have tried to encourage greater participation in SRI, the majority of retail investors retain a conventional approach to investment. I develop a conceptual framework to improve the effectiveness of SRI policy-making. The first part of the framework comprises a transmission mechanism which emphasizes the role of SRI (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  21.  16
    Beyond Informed Choice: Prenatal Risk Assessment, Decision-Making and Trust.Nete Schwennesen, Mette Nordahl Svendsen & Lene Koch - 2010 - Clinical Ethics 5 (4):207-216.
    In 2004, prenatal risk assessment (PRA) was implemented as a routine offer in Denmark, in order to give all pregnant women an informed choice about whether to undergo prenatal testing. PRA is a non-invasive intervention performed in the first trimester of pregnancy and measures the risk of a fetus having Down's syndrome or other chromosomal disorders. The risk figure provides the basis for action, i.e. the decision about whether or not to undergo invasive fetal testing via the maternal (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  22.  14
    Military Ethical Decision Making: The Effects of Option Choice and Perspective Taking on Moral Decision-Making Processes and Intentions.Megan M. Thompson, Tonya Hendriks & Ann-Renée Blais - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (7):578-596.
    We investigated the ethical decision-making processes and intentions of 151 military personnel responding to 1 of 2 ethical scenarios drawn from the deployment experiences of military commanders. For each scenario, option choice and perspective affected decision-making processes. Differences were also found between the 2 scenarios. Results add to the emerging literature concerning operational ethical conflicts and highlight the complexity and challenge that often accompanies operational ethics.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23.  7
    Min–Max Decision Rules for Choice Under Complete Uncertainty: Axiomatic Characterizations for Preferences Over Utility Intervals.Jürgen Landes - unknown
    We introduce two novel frameworks for choice under complete uncertainty. These frameworks employ intervals to represent uncertain utility attaching to outcomes. In the first framework, utility intervals arising from one act with multiple possible outcomes are aggregated via a set-based approach. In the second framework the aggregation of utility intervals employs multi-sets. On the aggregated utility intervals, we then introduce min–max decision rules and lexicographic refinements thereof. The main technical results are axiomatic characterizations of these min–max decision (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. Comparative Economic Systems: Objectives, Decision Modes, and the Process of Choice.David W. Conklin - 1991 - Cambridge University Press.
    The phrase 'economic system' refers to the organizational arrangements and processes through which a society makes its production and consumption decisions. In this book, Professor Conkin explores the diversity of economic systems and the choices societies must face in determining the economic systems best suited to their needs. He discusses the alternative objectives and alternative decision modes that are available to societies. Objectives such as efficiency, growth, liberty, and equality - though themselves desirable - frequently involve trade-offs; the more (...)
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  25.  6
    Melioration as Rational Choice: Sequential Decision Making in Uncertain Environments.Chris R. Sims, Hansjörg Neth, Robert A. Jacobs & Wayne D. Gray - 2013 - Psychological Review 120 (1):139-154.
  26.  8
    Rational Choice? Rethinking Decision-Making on Breast Cancer Risk and Screening Mammography.Mandana Vahabi & Denise Gastaldo - 2003 - Nursing Inquiry 10 (4):245-256.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  27.  17
    Significant Choice and Crisis Decision Making: MeritCare’s Public Communication in the Fen–Phen Case. [REVIEW]Renae A. Streifel, Bethany L. Beebe, Shari R. Veil & Timothy L. Sellnow - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (4):389 - 397.
    This study examines the communication strategies employed by MeritCare’s public relations staff during the fen–phen case. The ethic of significant choice was the primary lens for the study. The study revealed that MeritCare’s public relations staff members believed they did, in fact, follow the ethic of significant choice. Specifically, they perceived that the biases held by staff helped maintain the public’s safety as the primary issue during the fen–phen events. They also believed that their communication strategies allowed them (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28.  21
    Clinician's Use of the Statin Choice Decision Aid in Patients with Diabetes: A Videographic Study Nested in a Randomized Trial.Roberto Abadie, Audrey J. Weymiller, Jon Tilburt, Nilay D. Shah, Cathy Charles, Amiram Gafni & Victor M. Montori - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (3):492-497.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  29.  12
    Decision-Making Behavior in a Two-Choice Uncertain Outcome Situation.Sidney Siegel & Donald Aaron Goldstein - 1959 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (1):37.
  30.  4
    Influence of Luminance on a Two-Choice Decision Task.James R. Nazzaro & João C. Todorov - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):696.
  31.  48
    Substituted Decision Making and the Dispositional Choice Account.Anna-Karin Margareta Andersson & Kjell Arne Johansson - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (10):703-709.
    There are two main ways of understanding the function of surrogate decision making in a legal context: the Best Interests Standard and the Substituted Judgment Standard. First, we will argue that the Best Interests Standard is difficult to apply to unconscious patients. Application is difficult regardless of whether they have ever been conscious. Second, we will argue that if we accept the least problematic explanation of how unconscious patients can have interests, we are also obliged to accept that the (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  32.  11
    Two-Stage Dynamic Signal Detection: A Theory of Choice, Decision Time, and Confidence.Timothy J. Pleskac & Jerome R. Busemeyer - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (3):864-901.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   37 citations  
  33.  25
    Aligning Ethics with Medical Decision-Making: The Quest for Informed Patient Choice.Benjamin Moulton & Jaime S. King - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (1):85-97.
    Clinical evidence suggests that many patients undergo surgery that they would decline if fully informed. Failure to communicate the relevant risks, benefits, and alternatives of a procedure violates medical ethics and wastes medical resources. Integrating shared decision-making, a method of communication between provider and patient, into medical decisions can satisfy physicians' ethical obligations and reduce unwanted procedures. This article proposes a three-step process for implementing a nationwide practice of shared decision-making: create model integration programs; provide legal incentives to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  34. Supposition and Choice: Why 'Causal Decision Theory' is a Misnomer.John Collins - unknown
    This paper has as its topic two recent philosophical disputes. One of these disputes is internal to the project known as decision theory, and while by now familiar to many, may well seem to be of pressing concern only to specialists. It has been carried on over the last twenty years or so, but by now the two opposing camps are pretty well entrenched in their respective positions, and the situation appears to many observers (as well as to some (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  35.  95
    Rational Choice, Changes in Values Over Time, and Well-Being.Dennis Mckerlie - 2007 - Utilitas 19 (1):51-72.
    Sometimes we make decisions which affect our lives at times when we will hold values that are different from our values at the time the decision is made. What is the reasonable way to make such a choice? Some think we should accept a requirement of temporal neutrality and take both sets of values into account, others think we should decide on the strength of our present values, yet others think that in evaluating what will happen at that (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   5 citations  
  36.  4
    The Physics of Optimal Decision Making: A Formal Analysis of Models of Performance in Two-Alternative Forced-Choice Tasks.Rafal Bogacz, Eric Brown, Jeff Moehlis, Philip Holmes & Jonathan D. Cohen - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (4):700-765.
  37. Defining Democratic Decision Making.Gustaf Arrhenius - unknown
    In his Populist Democracy: A Defence (1993), Torbjörn Tännsjö suggests, roughly, the following necessary and sufficient conditions for a democratic collective choice: If the majority of a given group of voters prefer A to B, then the collective choice is A rather than B; and if the majority of voters had preferred B to A, then the collective choice would have been B rather than A. Moreover, the preference of a voter is equated with the one she (...)
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  38.  28
    Decision-Making Under Ignorance with Implications for Social Choice.Eric Maskin - 1979 - Theory and Decision 11 (3):319-337.
  39. Dissociating Choice and Judgment in Decision Making: The Collapsing Choice Theory.J. Stibel, I. Dror & Talia Ben-Zeev - 2009 - Theory and Decision 66 (2):149-179.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  40.  4
    Individual Vs. Group Decision-Making: An Experiment on Dynamic Choice Under Risk and Ambiguity.Enrica Carbone, Konstantinos Georgalos & Gerardo Infante - 2019 - Theory and Decision 87 (1):87-122.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41.  3
    Sensible Decisions: Issues of Rational Decision in Personal Choice and Public Policy.Nicholas Rescher - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In personal and public affairs alike we constantly confront the need for deciding among available alternatives. Sensible Decisions synthesizes Nicholas Rescher's contribution to this discussion over the years. Rescher's prime aim is to illuminate some of the theoretical complications and perplexities that characterize rational procedure in matters of decision making at the public policy level.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  42.  43
    Never a Simple Choice: Claude S. Beck and the Definitional Surplus in Decision-Making About CPR. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Rees, Caitjan Gainty & Daniel Brauner - 2014 - Medicine Studies 4 (1-4):91-101.
    Each time patients and their families are asked to make a decision about resuscitation, they are also asked to engage the political, social, and cultural concerns that have shaped its history. That history is exemplified in the career of Claude S. Beck, arguably the most influential researcher and teacher of resuscitation in the twentieth century. Careful review of Beck’s work discloses that the development and popularization of the techniques of resuscitation proceeded through a multiplication of definitions of death. CPR (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43.  17
    Reconceiving Decision-Making in Democratic Politics: Attention, Choice, and Public Policy.Bryan D. Jones - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    Or total reversals in congressional support for specific legislation? Jones aims to answer these questions by connecting insights from cognitive science and rational-choice theory to political life.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  44.  18
    Tic Choice Models', Theory and Decision 30, 245-272.A. A. J. Marley - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (107).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45.  5
    Significant Choice and Crisis Decision Making: MeritCare’s Public Communication in the Fen–Phen Case.Renae A. Streifel, Bethany L. Beebe, Shari R. Veil & Timothy L. Sellnow - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 69 (4):389-397.
    This study examines the communication strategies employed by MeritCare's public relations staff during the fen-phen case. The ethic of significant choice was the primary lens for the study. The study revealed that MeritCare's public relations staff members believed they did, in fact, follow the ethic of significant choice. Specifically, they perceived that the biases held by staff helped maintain the public's safety as the primary issue during the fen-phen events. They also believed that their communication strategies allowed them (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Individual and Couple Decision Behavior Under Risk: The Power of Ultimate Control Who Controls the Mouse Controls the Outcome of Joint Choice, Forthcoming In.Andre de Palma, Nathalie Picard & Anthony Ziegelmeyer - forthcoming - Theory and Decision.
  47.  55
    Optimal Choice in the Face of Risk: Decision Theory Meets Evolution.Samir Okasha - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (1):83-104.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   10 citations  
  48.  12
    Emotion Regulation and Risk Taking: Predicting Risky Choice in Deliberative Decision Making.Angelo Panno, Marco Lauriola & Bernd Figner - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (2):326-334.
  49.  3
    The Dynamics of Decision Making in Risky Choice: An Eye-Tracking Analysis.Susann Fiedler & Andreas Glöckner - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  50.  30
    Nudge or Grudge? Choice Architecture and Parental Decision‐Making.Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby & Douglas J. Opel - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (2):33-39.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
1 — 50 / 999